gypsophyllaflocoventgardengarnonswilliams

Flower from Mixed Borders at RHS Wisley. Photo from Chris Garnons-Williams on 17 June 2013.

Plant Name

Gypsophila elegans 'Covent Garden'

Common Name

Annual Baby's Breath

Soil

Chalk, Loam, Sand

Sun Aspect

Full Sun

Soil Moisture

Moist and Well-drained - "Need very sharp drainage or they can be short lived. Can be grown in container pots."

Plant Type

Summer Bedding Plant - Annual

Height x Spread in inches (cms)
(1 inch = 2.5 cms,
12 inches = 1 foot = 30 cms,
24 inches = 2 feet,
3 feet = 1 yard,
40 inches = 100 cms)

18 x 14 (45 x 35)

Space 12 inches (30 cms) apart

Foliage

Light Green

Flower Shape, Natural Arrangement, Number of Petals and Flower Colour in Month(s). Seed

Spray of Star-shaped, White, 6 Petal flowers in June-August

Bedding Plant Use

Bedding Out
Filling In
Pots and Troughs
 

Comment

"Gypsophila has been cultivated since 1759 in England, so its use by florists has a long pedigree. It has recently become rather trendy among celebrity and designer florists, even taking centre stage as the main flower focus of bouquets and arrangements. Trendy displays consisting of nothing more than gypsophila and a little foliage are very much in vogue at the moment, looking great as a table centre at a dinner party. It's true - the humble gypsophila has been given a new lease of life!

Covent Garden is one of the daintiest of flowers with a misty grace which is not found in other flowers. Each stem has hundreds of tiny white flowers on wire-thin branches, giving an airy, soft impression. The flowers themselves are tiny; the plants are covered with myriads of white blossoms all during the summer. 
The flowers can be cut and dried and used during the winter months. The plants themselves are useful in the hardy border, or as pot plants. Easily grown from seed it blooms 6 weeks from the day it was sown. 
If you are short of space, broadcast seed in the bulb bed and it will do a great job of hiding their faded foliage in summer. Covent Garden also works very well in large containers. Given an early sowing, it will bloom from spring through to autumn. Sow it in succession every two weeks for lots of wonderful white flowers all summer." from Seedaholic.

"Graceful annual for the border, producing delicate flowers and foliage, splendid for cut flowers. Can also be grown as flowering pot plants, grown in drifts or planted so as to cascade down steep banks or dry walls. Flowers early summer. Height 18in.

Sow early spring outdoors where they are to flower. Prepare the ground well and rake to a fine tilth before sowing. Sow 3mm (1/8in) deep in rows 30cm (12in) apart. Germination usually takes approximately 21 days. An autumn sowing can be made for overwintering to produce earlier flowers and they can also be autumn sown and grown on in pots in a well ventilated cold greenhouse to produce spring flowering pot plants.

When large enough to handle thin out to 30cm (12in) apart." from Thompson & Morgan.

"Cut-flower care: Remove foliage beneath the waterline. Sensitive to Ethylene." from Sarah Raven .

Seed available from Thompson & Morgan in the UK, America, Canada and other countries. Seed available from Seedaholic and Sarah Raven in the UK.

Companions

...

gypsophyllafloscoventgardengarnonswilliams

Flowers from Mixed Borders at RHS Wisley. Photo from Chris Garnons-Williams on 17 June 2013.

gypsophyllafolcoventgardengarnonswilliams

Foliage from Mixed Borders at RHS Wisley. Photo from Chris Garnons-Williams on 17 June 2013.

gypsophyllaforsumcoventgardengarnonswilliams

Summer Form from Mixed Borders at RHS Wisley. Photo from Chris Garnons-Williamson 17 June 2013.

gypsophyllaflobudcoventgardengarnonswilliams

Flower Buds from Mixed Borders at RHS Wisley. Photo from Chris Garnons-Williamson 17 June 2013.

gypsophyllalocationcoventgardengarnonswilliams

Location of this plant in front of Nepeta govaniana from Mixed Borders at RHS Wisley on East Border Part 32 from expanded image of Summer Form. Photo from Chris Garnons-Williams on 17 June 2013.

gypsophyllalabel1coventgardengarnonswilliams

White Plant Label from Mixed Borders at RHS Wisley. Photo from Chris Garnons-Williams on 17 June 2013.

gypsophyllalabel2coventgardengarnonswilliams

White Plant Label from Mixed Borders at RHS Wisley. Photo from Chris Garnons-Williams on 29 July 2013.

Perhaps this White Plant Label might have been replaced by a larger Black Plant Label later in the year.

 

UK Butterfly:-
...Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly Usage of Plants.
...Plant Usage by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly.

"OTHER PLANTS ATTRACTIVE TO BUTTERFLIES

A garden with butterflies flitting from flower to flower is a delight in itself, but a garden popular with butterflies indicates a healthy environment, the more nectar plants you have, the more butterflies and moths will eventually find you. Butterflies like the warmth and it is important to choose sunny, sheltered spots when planting nectar plants. Plant as many different nectar plants as possible to increase the number of butterfly species visiting your garden. Deadhead the flowers, mulch and water well to keep the plants healthy, prolong flowering and produce more nectar for hungry butterflies.

HARDY SHRUBS:

  • Buddleja 'Lochinch'
  • Buddleja 'Black Knight'
  • Clerodendrum bungei
  • Hebe pinguifolia  'Pagei'
  • Hebe  'Wiri Charm'
  • Hebe  'Red Edge'
  • Hebe  'Nicola's Blush'
  • Lavandula stoechas
  • Lavandula angustifolia  'Hidcote'
  • Lavandula intermedia  'Walberton's Silver Edge'
  • Thymus citriodorus  'Silver Queen'

 

HARDY PERENNIALS:

  • Achillea in variety
  • Ajuga reptans  'Catlins Giant'
  • Ajuga reptans  'Variegata'
  • Allium afflatunense
  • Allium christophii
  • Allium hollandicum  'Purple Sensation'
  • Anthemis punctata ssp. cupaniana
  • Anthemis tinctoria  'E.C.Buxton'
  • Anthemis tinctoria  'Sauce Hollandaise'
  • Anthriscus sylvestris  'Ravenswing'
  • Aster amellus  'King George'
  • Aster frikartii
  • Chrysanthemum  'Clara Curtis'
  • Chrysanthemum  'Mary Stoker'
  • Coreopsis lanceolata  'Sterntaler'
  • Echinacea purpurea  'Magnus'
  • Echinacea purpurea  'White Swan'
  • Echinops in variety
  • Erigeron karvinskianus
  • Erysimum  'Bowles Mauve'
  • Erysimum  'Constant Cheer'
  • Erysimum  'Cotswold Gem'
  • Gypsophila paniculata
  • Gypsophila repens
  • Helenium  'Moerheim Beauty'
  • Knautia macedonica
  • Liatris spicata
  • Ligularia dentata  'Desdemona'
  • Ligularia dentata  'Othello'
  • Lobelia  'Queen Victoria'
  • Lythrum salicaria  'Blush'
  • Paeonia lactiflora  'Sarah Bernhardt'
  • Papaver orientale  'Patty's Plum'
  • Phlox paniculata in variety
  • Rudbeckia fulgida var. sullivantii  'Goldsturm'
  • Scabiosa atropurpurea  'Chile Black'
  • Scabiosa 'Butterfly Blue'
  • Sedum in variety
  • Sidalcea in variety
  • Solidago uliginosa
  • Tiarella in variety
  • Verbena  'Claret'
  • Verbena  'Homestead Purple'
  • Verbena bonariensis
  • Verbena rigida

Common stinging nettles and coarse grasses
Many butterflies lay their eggs on nettles, thistles and grasses and their caterpillars feed on the leaves. Try planting some under a garden shed or window so that the caterpillar can climb up under the ledge or eaves to pupate. Cut down half the nettles in June to produce a new crop for later in the year. Nettles like a very rich soil with plenty of manure." from 'How to Attract Butterflies' by Cleeve Nursery .

BEDDING PLANT GALLERY PAGES

FOLIAGE COLOUR
(o)
Black
Blue
(o)Brown
(o)Bronze
(o)Green
Grey
(o)Purple
(o)Red
Silver
(o)Variegated
White
Yellow

SEED COLOUR
Seed

BEDS WITH PICTURES
Garden

 

 


Website Structure Explanation and User Guidelines

BEDDING PLANT GALLERY PAGES which shows the flowers from the plants in the:-

  • Bedding Galery and
  • Mixed Border Bedding Gallery

Flower Colour

Bicolour

Blue

Green

Orange

Other Colours

Pink

Purple

 

Red

White

White / Bicolour

Yellow

 

 

 

 

Flower Simple Shape

3 Petals

4 Petals

5 Petals

6 Petals

Stars

Bowls, Cups and Saucers

Globes, Goblets and Chalices

Trumpets and Funnels

Bells, Thimbles and Urns

 

Single Flower provides pollen for bees

 

2 Petals

 

 

Flower Elabor-ated Shape

Tubes, Lips and Lobes

Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

Hats, Hoods and Helmets

Standards, Wings and Keels

Discs and Florets

Pin-cushions and Tufts

Rosettes, Buttons and Pompons

 

Bedding Plant Use

Bedding Out

Filling In

Screen-ing

Pots and Troughs

Window Boxes

Hanging Baskets

Spring Bedding

 

Summer Bedding

Winter Bedding

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

MIXED BORDERS IN RHS GARDEN AT WISLEY DESIGN GALLERY PAGES

Introduction
 

FLOWER COLOUR RANGE IN 71 PARTS OF MIXED BORDER DURING
May
June
July
August
September
October
November

7 Flower Colours per Month in Colour Wheel below in the MIXED BORDERS DESIGN Gallery, which shows the flowers from:-

  • Permanent Herbaceous Perennials in the Mixed Border
  • Bedding in the Mixed Border and
  • Other Permanent Plants in the Mixed Border

Click on Black or White box in Colour of Month.

colormonth9bpub1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

MIXED BORDER BEDDING PLANTS GALLERY PAGES

Site Map of pages with content (o)

Introduction

Bedding Plants Height from Text Border for the
BEDDING PLANT Gallery,
this MIXED BORDER BEDDING PLANTS Gallery and
MIXED BORDERS DESIGN Gallery

Blue = 0-24 inches
(0-60 cms)

Green = 24-72 inches
(60-180 cms)

Red = 72+ inches
(180+ cms)

Bedding Plants Soil Moisture from Text Background

Wet Soil

Moist Soil

Dry Soil

Click on thumbnail to change this Comparison Page to the Plant Description Page of the Bedding Plant named in the Text box below that photo.


The Comments Row of that Bedding Plant Description Page details where that Bedding Plant is available from.

 

MIXED BORDER BEDDING PLANT INDEX

Bedding Plant Name.
 

Flower Colour

with link to a Design of East Border or
Design of West Border Page where that plant is located

Flowering Months

See Mixed Borders Flower Colour per Month Pages

Flower Thumbnail

Height x Spread in inches (cms)

Bedding Plant Use:-
Bedding Out. Filling In,
Screening,
Pots and Troughs,
Window Boxes,
Hanging Baskets

Foliage Colour

with link to Mixed Borders Foliage Colour Page

Foliage Thumbnail

A

Agapanthus
'Ben Hope
'

Blue

Jul-Aug

Its black label was below the top of the foliage. Flowers not seen before or after 21-08-2013

36 x 12
(90 x 30)

Bedding Out,
Filling In, Pots and Troughs

 

 

Agastache aurantiaca
'Apricot Sprite
'

Apricot Orange

Jul-Oct

Its white label not replaced with black label. Name on label difficult to read. Flowers not seen before or after 17-06-2013

20 x 4
(50 x 10)

Filling In, Pots and Troughs, Window Boxes, Hanging Baskets

 

 

Agastache 'Bolero'

Rose-Purple

Jul-Sep

Agastachecflobolerogarnonswilliams1a

14 x 14
(35 x 35)

Bedding Out, Filling In, Pots and Troughs

Bronze and aromatic

Agastachecfolbolerogarnonswilliams1a

Agastache
'Rose Mint
'

Lavender-Rose

Jul-Oct

Agastachecflorosemintgarnonswilliams

24 x 20
(60 x 50)

Bedding Out, Filling In, Pots and Troughs

Grey-Green and fragrant

Agastachecfolrosemintgarnonswilliams

Antirrhinum 'Lavender Ribbon'

Lavender-Red

Jun-Oct

antirrhinumcflolavenderribbonkavanagh

18 x 15
(45 x 38)

Bedding Out, Filling In, Pots and Troughs

Dark Green

antirrhinumcfollavenderribbongarnonswilliams

Antirrhinum majus 'Bronze Dragon'

Purple and White

Jun-Sep

antirrhinumcflobronzedragongarnonswilliams

12 x 12
(30 x 30)

Filling In, Pots and Troughs, Window Boxes, Hanging Baskets

Darkest Bronze- almost Black

antirrhinumcfolbronzedragongarnonswilliams

Antirrhinum nanum 'Peaches and Cream'

Cream and Peach

Jun-Sep

White label may not have been replaced. Identity of this plant after 17-06-2013 lost by its foliage growing over it. Perhaps its seed was sown on 7 February 2013

8 x 12
(20 x 30)

Bedding Out,
Filling In, Pots and Troughs, Window Boxes, Hanging Baskets

 

 

Argyranthemum gracile
'Chelsea Girl
'

Yellow-centered White

Apr-Oct

argyranthemumcflogracilechelseagirlkavanagh

24 x 24
(60 x 60)

Filling In, Pots and Troughs

Grey-Green leaves dissected into thread-like lobes

argyranthemumcfolgracilechelseagirlkavanagh

Argyranthemum frutescens
'Petite Pink
'

Light Pink

Apr-Oct

argyranthemumcflopetitepinkgirlgarnonswilliams

20 x 20
(50 x 50)

Bedding Out, Filling In, Pots and Troughs, Window Boxes

Divided
Grey-Green

argyranthemumcfolpetitepinkgarnonswilliams

B

Bidens ferulifolia 'Golden Eye'

Yellow

Jul-First Frost

bidenscfloferulifoliagoldeneyegarnonswilliams

7 x 18
(18 x 45)

 

Dark Green ferny foliage

bidenscfolferulifoliagoldeneyegarnonswilliams

C

Canna 'Phasion'

Bright Orange

Jun-Sep

cannacflophasiongarnonswilliams

64 x 20
(160 x 50)

Bedding Out, Screen-ing, Filling In, Pots and Troughs

Large, Bronze-tinted, bright Green, which is variously striped in green, purple, orange and pink

cannacfolphasiongarnonswilliams

Canna 'Ra'

Bright Yellow

Jul-Oct

Flowers not seen before or after 10-11-2013

Height 80 inches (200 cms)
Water Depth 2-12 inches (5-30 cms)

Filling In, Screening

Blue-Green

 

Canna warscewiczii

Bright Scarlet

July-First Frost

Flowers not seen before or after 3-08-2013

36 x 24
(90 x 60)

Filling In, Screening, Pots and Troughs

Coarse and oval Green leaves with Purple margins and stems

 

Centaurea ruthenica

Pale Lemon-Yellow

Jul-Sep

Flowers not seen before or after 17-06-2013

48 x 24
120 x 60)

Filling In, Screening, Pots and Troughs

Finely divided Dark Green

 

Cosmos bipinnatus 'Purity'

White

Jun-Nov

cosmoscflobipinnatuspuritygarnonswilliams

36 x 16
(90 x 40)

Filling In, Screening, Pots and Troughs

Ferny Mid-Green

cosmoscfolbipinnatuspuritygarnonswilliams

Cosmos bipinnatus 'Rubenza'

Ruby-Red

Jun-Sep

cosmoscflobipinnatusrubenzakavanagh

30 x 16
(75 x 40)

Filling In, Pots and Troughs

Ferny Light Green

cosmoscfolbipinnatusrubenzakavanagh

Cosmos x dahlia 'Mexican Black'

Velvety-Red

Jul-Nov

cosmoscfloxdahliamexicanblackgarnonswilliams

36 x 24
(90 x 60)

Filling In,
Screening,
Pots and Troughs

Finely-cut Dark Green pinnate foliage

cosmoscfolxdahliamexicanblackgarnonswilliams

Cosmos sulphureus (Dwarf Ladybird)

Scarlet-Red with Tangerine and Yellow

Jun-Oct

cosmoscflosulphureusgarnonswilliams

24-72 x 12 -36
(60-180 x 30-90)

Bedding Out, Filling In,
Pots and Troughs

Dark Green

cosmoscfolsulphureusgarnonswilliams

Cuphea llavea

Purple with Red petals

May-First Frost

cupheacflollaveakavanagh1

30 x 36
(75 x 90)

Bedding Out, Filling In,
Pots and Troughs, Hanging Baskets

Hairy, ovate, pointed Dark Green

cupheacfolllaveagarnonswilliams

D

Dahlia 'Abacus Sol'

Yellow with Yellow collar

Jul-Oct

dahliacfloabacussolgarnonswilliams1

36 x 20
(90 x 50)

Filling In, Pots and Troughs

Dark Green

dahliacfolabacussolgarnonswilliams

Dahlia
'Arabian Night
'

There are photos and text description on this Dahlia and more than 44 other Dahlias in the Dahlia Gallery of this website.

Dark Wine-Red

Jul-Nov

dahliacflo1aarabiannightgarnonswilliams1

20 x 48
(50 x 120)

Filling In, Screening, Pots and Troughs

Dark Green

dahliacfol1arabiannightgarnonswilliams

Dahlia 'Blue Wish'

As the flowers open, the Purple tipped, White petals turn a more uniform shade of Lilac.

Jun-Oct

dahliacflobluewishgarnonswilliams

48 x 24
(120 x 60)

Filling In, Screening, Pots and Troughs

Dark Green

dahliacfolbluewishgarnonswilliams

Dahlia
'Blyton Royal Velvet
'

Dark Purple

Jul-Oct

dahliacflo1blytonroyalvelvetgarnonswilliams

48 x 24
(120 x 60)

Bedding Out,
Filling In, Screening

Dark Green

dahliacfolblytonroyalvelvetgarnonswilliams

Dahlia
'David Howard
'

Bronze-Orange

Jul-Oct

dahliacflodavidhowardgarnonswilliams1

36 x 30 (90 x 75)

Filling In, Pots and Troughs

Bronze-tinged, slightly Purplish

dahliacfoldavidhowardgarnonswilliams

Dahlia pinnata 'Dawn Sky'

Unable to locate flower colour or mail-order supplier

Jul-Sep

 

36 x 12
(90 x 30)

 

 

 

Dahlia 'Fascination'

Purplish-Pink peony flower

May-Oct

dahliacflofascinationgarnonswilliams

30 x 20
(75 x 50)

Filling In, Pots and Troughs

Dark Bronze

dahliacfolfascinationgarnonswilliams

Dahlia 'Jessica'

Yellow base petals with tips that are Rose-Red

Jun-First Frost

dahliacflojessicagarnonswilliams

56 x 20
(140 x 50)

Bedding Out, Filling In, Screen-ing, Pots and Troughs

Dark Green

dahliacfoljessicagarnonswilliams

Dahlia 'Josie Gott'

White with Lilac flush

Jul-Sep

dahliacflojosiegottgarnonswilliams

48 x 24
(120 x 60)

Bedding Out, Filling In, Screen-ing,
Pots and Troughs

Dark Green

dahliacfoljosiegottgarnonswilliams

Dahlia 'Knockout'

Cadmium Yellow single flower

Jul-Oct

dahliacfloknockoutgarnonswilliams

27 x 24 (73 x 60)

Bedding Out, Filling In,
Pots and Troughs

Toothed, pinnate, dark mahogany to purple-black leaves

dahliacfolknockoutgarnonswilliams

Dahlia 'Moonfire'

Straw-Yellow flowers, the broad rays orange-red at the base, and the disk deep purple

Jun-Oct

dahliacflo1moonfiregarnonswilliams

24 x 20
(60 x 50)

Filling In, Pots and Troughs, Window Boxes

Bronze

dahliacfolmoonfiregarnonswilliams

Dahlia
'Teesbrooke Audrey
'

Pale Pink with White inner collars around Yellow centres

Jul-Oct

dahliacfloteesbrookeaudreygarnonswilliams

48 x 24
(120 x 60)

Filling In,
Screen-ing,
Pots and Troughs

Dark Green

Swan Island Dahlias has been family owned since 1927 and is the largest dahlia grower in the USA with 40 acres of Dahlias growing 350 varieties, that are open to the public during blooming season.

dahliacfolteesbrookeaudreygarnonswilliams

Dahlia 'Tiptoe'

Red flowers tipped with White

Jul-Oct

dahliacflotiptoegarnonswilliams

40 x 12
(100 x 30)

Filling In,
Screen-ing,
Pots and Troughs

Dark Green

dahliacfoltiptoegarnonswilliams

Dahlia
'Twyning's After Eight'

White with soft Pink flush flower
See flower photo from The National Dahlia Collection.

Jul-Sep

dahliacflotwiningsaftereightgarnonswilliams

30 x 18 (75 x 45)

Filling In,
Bedding Out,
Pots and Troughs

Purple-black stems and chocolate coloured foliage

dahliacfol1twiningsaftereightgarnonswilliams

Dianthus barbatus 'Kaleidoscope'

It is likely that this plant's name is Dianthus barbatus 'Kaleidoscope Mixed'

Pink that gradually mature to White

May-Sep

dianthuscflo1barbatuskaleidoscopekavanagh

24 x 12
(60 x 30)

Bedding Out,
Filling In, Pots and Troughs, Window Boxes, Hanging Baskets

Dark Green

dianthuscfolbarbatuskaleidoscopekavanagh

Diascia personata

Dusky Pink

May-Nov

diasciacflopersonatakavanagh

36 x 18
(90 x 45)

Filling In, Screening, Pots and Troughs

Linear to lance-shaped Mid Green

diasciacfolpersonatakavanagh

E

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

F

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

G

Gypsophila elegans
'Covent Garden
'

White

Jun-Aug

gypsophyllacflocoventgardengarnonswilliams

18 x 12
(45 x 30)

Bedding Out,
Filling In, Pots and Troughs

Light Green

gypsophyllacfolcoventgardengarnonswilliams

H

Heliotropium arborescens 'Marine'

Violet-Blue

Jun-Aug

 

12 x 36
(30 x 90)

 

 

 

heliotropiumincorrectlabels1peruvianumdwarfmarinegarnonswilliams

Heliotropium arborescens is synonymous with Heliotropium peruvianum, but whether cultivar 'Marine' is the same as 'Dwarf Marine' I would not know since their descriptions are different.

The Black Plant Label inserted after the White Plant Label appears to provide the name for a different plant from that named in the White Plant Label, so no Bedding Plant Description Page produced.

Heliotropium peruvianum
'Dwarf Marine'

Royal Purple

Jun-Sep

 

18 x 12
(45 x 30)

 

 

 

I

Iresine herbstii 'Brilliantissima'

n/a

n/a

 

24 x 18
(60 x 45)

Bedding Out,
Filling In, Pots and Troughs, Hanging Basket

Semi-succulent cerise-colored stems and red oblanceolate leaves that are marked with lighter veins

iresinecfolherbstiibrilliantissimagarnonswilliams

J

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

K

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

L

Lepechinia hastata

Red-Lavender

Aug-Nov

lepechiniacflohastatagarnonswilliams

48 x 36 (120 x 90)

Bedding Out,
Filling In, Screening, Pots and Troughs

Deliciously-scented, spade-like, thick, felted, grey-green leaves

lepechiniacfolhastatagarnonswilliams

M

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

N

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

O

Osteospermum 'Sunny Cecil'
(Sunny Series)

See other varieties from the Sunny Series

White daisy-like flower heads with dark Purple centres

May-Aug

osteopspermumcflo1sunnycecilgarnonswilliams

10 x 10
(25 x 25)

Filling In,
Pots and Troughs, Window Boxes, Hanging Baskets

Toothed, obovate, Mid- to Dark Green

osteospermumcfolsunnycecilgarnonswilliams

P

Pelargonium 'Blandfordianum'

White Unable to locate its flowers from Apr-Nov 2013

Apr-Oct

Used flowers from an Exhib-ition

pelargoniumfloblandfordianumgarnonswilliams

14 x 12
(35 x 30)

Filling In,
Pots and Troughs, Window Boxes, Hanging Baskets

Rose scented, deeply incised, Grey-Green

pelargoniumcfolblandfordianumgarnonswilliams

Pelargonium 'Mystery'

Wine-Red blotched Black

Jun-Nov

pelargoniumcflo1mysterygarnonswilliams

16 x 12 (40 x 30)

Bedding Out,
Filling In,Pots and Troughs, Window Boxes, Hanging Baskets, House-plant

Brilliant Green

pelargoniumcfolmysterygarnonswilliams

Penstemon 'Countess of Dalkeith'

also called Penstemon
'Purple and White'

Plum-Purple and White-throated funnel-shaped

Jun-Nov

penstemoncflocountessofdalkeithgarnonswilliams

30 x 18
(75 x 45)

Bedding Out,
Filling In, Pots and Troughs

Narrow oval Dark Green

penstemoncfolcountessofdalkeithgarnonswilliams

Penstemon Fujiyama 'Yayama'

(Plant Breeders Rights apply = 'Yayama')

Shell-Pink flowers with broad satiny White throats

May-Oct

penstemoncflofukiyamayayamakavanagh

24 x 18
(60 x 45)

Filling In, Pots and Troughs

Narrow Mid-Green

penstemoncfolfukiyamayayamakavanagh

Penstemon
'George Home'

Funnel-shaped Magenta to Cerise flowers with a White throat

May-Oct

penstemoncflogeorgehomegarnonswilliams

30 x 18 (75 x 45)

Bedding Out,
Filling In, Pots and Troughs

Fleshy Mid-Green leaves with thick stems.

penstemoncfolgeorgehomegarnonswilliams

Penstemon 'Pennington Gem'

White-throated, Pink flowers

May-Oct

penstemoncflopenningtongemgarnonswilliams

40 x 20
(100 x 50)

Bedding Out,
Filling In, Screen-ing,
Pots and Troughs

Mid to Grey-Green

penstemoncfolpenningtongemgarnonswilliams

Penstemon
'Port Wine'

Wine-Red coloured flowers and throat streaked with purple

May-Oct

penstemoncfloportwinegarnonswilliams

28 x 20 (70 x 50)

Bedding Out,
Filling In, Pots and Troughs, Window Boxes

Lance shaped Dark Green leaves with tinged red stems

penstemoncfolportwinegarnonswilliams

Penstemon
'Sour Grapes
'

Bell-shaped purple/blue flowers with White throat

May-Oct

penstemoncflosourgrapesgarnonswilliams

24 x 18
(60 x 45)

Filling In, Pots and Troughs, Window Boxes, Hanging Baskets

Mid to Dark Green

penstemonfolsourgrapesgarnonswilliams

Penstemon 'Vesuvius Yasius' (Volcano Series)

Purple funnel-shaped flowers with White throats

May-Oct

penstemoncflovesuviusyasiusgarnonswilliams

24 x 14
(60 x 35)

Filling In, Pots and Troughs, Window Boxes, Hanging Baskets

Narrow, oval and Mid Green

penstemoncfolvesuviusyasiusgarnonswilliams

Penstemon
'White Bedder'

White

Jul-Oct

penstemoncflowhitebedderkavanagh

24 x 18
(60 x 45)

Filling In, Pots and Troughs, Window Boxes

Dark Green

penstemoncfolwhitebedderkavanagh

Pyrethrum roseum 'Duro'

Purple-Red

Jul-Aug

pyrethrumcflo1roseumdurogarnonswilliams

30 x 18
(75 x 45)

Bedding Out,
Filling In,
Pots and Troughs

Dark Green

pyrethrumcfolsumroseumdurogarnonswilliams

Q

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

R

Ricinus communis 'Impala'

Creamy-White

August

The black label for this plant was seen in a photo of Canna 'Ra', but no photo of its foliage or flowers was taken before or after 10 November 2013

48 x 48
(120 x 120)

 

Copper-Red palmate leaves

 

Rudbeckia hirta 'Cherry Brandy'

Cherry-Red

Jul-Oct

rudbeckiacflohirtacherrybrandygarnonswilliams

24 x 16
(60 x 40)

Bedding Out,
Filling In,
Pots and Troughs

Dark Green

rudbeckiacfolhirtacherrybrandygarnonswilliams

S

Salvia atrocyanea

Blue-tinged bracts with large green calyces

See photo of flower from National Trust Hinton Ampner Garden

Jul-Oct

salviacfloatrocyaneagarnonswilliams

80 x 80 (200 x 200)

Bedding Out, Filling In, Screening, Pots and Troughs

Dark Green

salviacfolatrocyaneagarnonswilliams

Salvia blepharophylla 'Diablo'

Scarlet-Red

Jun-Oct

salviacflo1blepharophylladiablogarnonswilliams

24 x 24
(60 x 60)

Bedding Out,
Filling In,
Pots and Troughs

Dark Green

salviacfolblepharophylladiablogarnonswilliams

Salvia coccinea 'Forest Fire'

Fire Engine Red flowers framed by reddish-black bracts

Jul-Oct

salviacflococcineaforestfiregarnonswilliams

24 x 24
(60 x 60)

Filling In,
Pots and Troughs, Hanging Baskets

Triangular, toothed and Mid-Green

salviacfolcoccineaforestfiregarnonswilliams

Salvia coccinea 'Summer Jewel Pink'

White overlaid with Pink

Jun-Oct

salviacfloscoccineasummerjewelpinkgarnonswilliams

18 x 16 (45 x 40)

Bedding Out,
Filling In,
Pots and Troughs, Window Boxes, Hanging Baskets

Dark Green

salviacfolcoccineasummerjewelpinkgarnonswilliams

Salvia coccinea 'Summer Jewel Red'

Scarlet

Jun-Oct

salviacflosummerjewelredgarnonswilliams

18 x 12 (45 x 30)

Bedding Out,
Filling In,
Pots and Troughs, Window Boxes, Hanging Baskets

Dark Green

salviacfolsummerjewelredgarnonswilliams

Salvia elegans 'Honey Melon'

Scarlet

Jul-Oct

salviacfloeleganshoneymelongarnonswilliams

24 x 24
(60 x 60)

Filling In, Pots and Troughs, Window Boxes, Hanging Baskets

Mid Green

salviacfoleleganshoneymelongarnonswilliams

Salvia guaranitica 'Black and Blue'

Blue flowers with black calyces

Jul-Oct

salviacfloguaranticablackandbluegarnonswilliams

100 x 36
(250 x 90)

Filling In, Screening, Pots and Troughs

Ovate, wrinkled, pointed, lightly-toothed, Dark Green

salviacfolguaranticablackandbluegarnonswilliams

Salvia involucrata 'Boutin'

Deep Pink tubular flowers

Jul-Nov

salviacfloinvolucrataboutingarnonswilliams

60 x 40
(150 x 40)

Filling In, Screening

Dark Green

salviacfolinvolucrataboutingarnonswilliams

Salvia involucrata 'Joan'

Purplish-Pink

Jun-Oct

salviacfloinvolucratajoankavanagh

60 x 60 (150 x 150)

Filling In, Screening

Dark Green

salviacfolinvolucratajoankavanagh

Salvia x jamensis 'Hot Lips'

(Salvia microphylla 'Hot Lips')

White flowers with broad lower lips dipped in brilliant Red

Jul-Oct

salviacflo1xjamensishotlipsgarnonswilliams

30 x 36
(75 x 90)

Bedding Out,
Filling In, Pots and Troughs

Mid-Green

salviacfolxjamensishotlipsgarnonswilliams

Salvia microphylla var. microphylla 'Newby Hall'

Scarlet-Red tubular flowers

Jun-Dec

salviacflo1microphyllanewbyhallgarnonswilliams

56 x 24 (140 x 60)

Bedding Out,
Filling In, Screening

Oval and Light Green

salviacfolmicrophyllanewbyhallgarnonswilliams

Salvia patens

Very long, open-mouther, deep Blue

Jul-Sep

salviacflo1patenskavanagh

24 x 12
(60 x 30)

Filling In, Pots and Troughs, Window Boxes, Hanging Baskets

Dark Green

salviacfolpatenskavanagh

Salvia
'Phyllis Fancy'

Soft Lavender-White blossoms with Purplish bracts

Sep-Nov

salviacflophyllisfancygarnonswilliams

84 x 84
(210 x 210)

Filling In, Screening

Dark Green

salviacfolphyllisfancygarnonswilliams

Salvia greggii
'Purple Queen'

Purple

Jun-Oct

salviacflopurplequeengarnonswilliams

18 x 12
(45 x 30)

Filling In,
Pots and Troughs

Mid Green

salviacfolpurplequeengarnonswilliams

Salvia jamensis
'Sierra San Antonio'

Creamy yellow flowers, suffused with shades of pink and orange

Jun-Oct

salviacflosierrasanantoniogarnonswilliams

30 x 36 (75 x 90)

Bedding Out,
Filling In, Pots and Troughs, Window Boxes

Mid Green

salviacfolsierrasanantoniogarnonswilliams

Salvia
'Silke's Dream'

Orange-Red

Jul-Nov

salviacflosilkesdreamgarnonswilliams

36 x 36
(90 x 90)

Bedding Out,
Filling In, Screening, Pots and Troughs

Mid Green

salviacfolsilkesdreamgarnonswilliams

Salvia splendens 'Salsa Purple'

Purple

May-Sep

salviacflosplendenssalsapurplegarnonswilliams

14 x 12
(35 x 30)

Filling In, Pots and Troughs, Window Boxes, Hanging Baskets

Serrated Dark Green

salviacfolsplendenssalsapurplegarnonswilliams

Salvia leucantha 'Midnight'

Purple calyces with extended purple petals

May-Nov

salviacflos1leucanthamidnightgarnonswilliams

48 x 48
(120 x 120)

Bedding Out,
Filling In, Screening, Pots and Troughs

White-woolly when young, narrow, lance-shaped, grey-green leaves, white beneath

salviacfolleucanthamidnightgarnonswilliams

Salvia microphylla 'Trelissick'

Creamy-White

Jun-Nov

salviacflotrelissickgarnonswilliams

20 x 18
(50 x 45)

Bedding Out,
Filling In, Pots and Troughs

Black-currant-scented and Dark Green

salviacfoltrelissickgarnonswilliams

T

Tanacetum coccineum 'Duro'

Carmine-Purple

Jun-Sep

tanacetumcflo1coccineumdurogarnonswilliams

24 x 18
(60 x 45)

Bedding Out,
Filling In, Pots and Troughs, Window Boxes

Ferny and Dark Green

tanacetumcfol1coccineumdurogarnonswilliams

U

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

V

Verbena 'Claret'

Claret-Red

Jun-Sep

verbenacflo1claretgarnonswilliams

12 x 16
(30 x 40)

Bedding Out,
Filling In, Pots and Troughs, Window Boxes, Hanging Baskets

Feathery and Mid-Green

verbenacfolclaretgarnonswilliams

Verbena 'Homestead Purple'

Purple

Jun-Oct

verbenacflohomesteadpurplegarnonswilliams

12 x 16
(30 x 40)

Filling In, Pots and Troughs, Window Boxes, Hanging Baskets

Dark Green

verbenafolhomesteadpurplegarnonswilliams

Verbena
'La France'

Light Violet-Blue

Jun-Sep

verbenacflos1lafrancekavanagh

18 x 24
(45 x 60)

Filling In, Pots and Troughs, Window Boxes, Hanging Baskets

Deeply serrated and Mid-Green

verbenacfol1lafrancekavanagh

Verbena x hybrida
'St George'

Red with White Throat

Jun-Sep

verbenacflosxhybridasaintgeorgegarnonswilliams

10 x 16
(25 x 40)

Bedding Out,
Filling In, Pots and Troughs, Window Boxes, Hanging Baskets

Dark Green

verbenacfolxhybridasaintgeorgegarnonswilliams

Verbena Seabrook's Lavender ('Sealav')

Lavender

May-Sep

verbenacflos1seabrookslavendersealavgarnonswilliams

18 x 20
(45 x 50)

Filling In, Pots and Troughs, Window Boxes, Hanging Baskets

Ovate and Mid-Green

verbenacfolseabrookslavendersealavgarnonswilliams

W

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

XYZ

Zinnia marylandica 'Zahara Starlight Rose'

White flowers with pinky-rose centre

Jul-Oct

zinniacflozaharastarlightrosegarnonswilliams

18 x 18
(45 x 45)

Bedding Out,
Filling In, Pots and Troughs, Window Boxes, Hanging Baskets

Dark Green

zinniacfolzaharastarlightrosegarnonswilliams

Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677

 

 

Site design and content copyright ©January 2014. Camera Photos of plant Supports added June 2019. Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.  

The Azalea Society of America provides 4 fans of RHS, UCL and RGB Colors:-


"University of Missouri plant science researchers have found a receptor in plants that could be a vital component in the way plants respond to danger, including pests, environmental changes and plant wounds. This discovery may lead to herbicides, fertilizers and insect repellants that naturally work with plants to make them stronger.
The researchers are focusing on the molecule adenosine triphosphate (ATP). ATP is the main energy source inside a cell and is considered to be the high energy molecule that drives all life processes in animals and humans. Outside the cell, membrane receptors that attract ATP drive muscle control, neurotransmission, inflammation and development.
“Plants don’t have ears to hear, fingers to feel or eyes to see,” said Gary Stacey, professor of plant sciences in the College of Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources. “Plants use these chemical signals to determine if they are being preyed upon or if an environmental change is occurring that could be detrimental to the plant. We have evidence that when ATP is outside of the cell it is probably a central signal that controls the plant’s ability to respond to a whole variety of stresses.”
Stacey and fellow researchers, graduate student Jeongmin Choi and postdoctoral fellow Kiwamu Tanaka, screened 50,000 plants over two years to identify the ATP receptors. By isolating a key gene in the remaining plants, scientists found the receptor that aids in plant development and helps repair a plant during major events.
“We believe that when a plant is wounded, ATP is released into the wound and triggers the gene expressions necessary for repair,” Stacey said. “We think ATP is central to this kind of wound response and probably plays a role in development and a whole host of other plant responses to environmental changes and pests. We believe that with further study, researchers may be able to identify ways to naturally work with a plant’s own processes to protect it from major environmental events, plant wounds and insects.”
Future research will focus on how this receptor works with ATP, its protein structure, how it reacts to pests and how it may signal growth. The study, “Extracellular ATP signaling in plants,” was published in Science, and includes research from Sang Yeol Lee with the Plant Molecular Biology & Biotechnology Research Center, Gyeongsang National University in Korea. The study was funded in part by grants from the U.S. Department of Energy – Basic Energy Sciences and the Republic of Korea." from Self-Repairing Plants? from Plant Molecular Biology in University of Missouri.

Maybe this will explain how my small hosta - growing in the shade and I have done nothing for it - has survived slugs and snails for more than 25 years. It now produces new shoots, flowers with no leaf damage before the end of the season when it allows the caterpillars to eat it up and then it retires underground for the winter.

I had a tree in the front garden that died and left a 96 inch (240 cm) high stump. After many years, it fell over. When I pulled the outside of the rotten trunk, it came away in my hands, until I reached a central hard core which went to each branch as well. This probably had the chemical system described above. It probably solidified in the trunk and would be the last item to be eaten.
 

Many years ago , I bought a small Blue Juniper tree, removed it from its container and planted it. 10 years later it died. When I removed it from the ground, I found that the roots, which had spiralled in the original container and then never unwound themselves. They had thickened until they occupied all the space between themselves, and very little new root had gone away from this original rootball. Thus the tree had insufficient roots to take up sufficient water and had then died. That problem will not occur with the plants grown in those 'Light pots', since they will continue to grow downwards and away from the rootball after they have been planted, especially if you spread the roots out when you plant the tree onto a cone of earth.
Using the guidelines and the excellent video in the General Planting Information Page from their Expert Advice Section shows how easy it is to plant and care for one of their trees grown in their 'Light Pot'.
Make the bark mulch (or Spent Mushroom Compost mulch, providing the tree can withstand the chalk that is the Compost) at least 4 inches thick with 3 cans of water every 2 days during the summer, especially in August (the tree is storing the water from August in its roots to provide enough water for the new foliage next spring). This mulch will require topping up every six months for the first 2 years. Do not put grass instead of the mulch after that time, but use spring, summer, autumn and winter bulbs which will come through the mulch. The bulb roots will not take very much water or nutrients from the soil. Leave the dying bulb foliage until it has turned brown before removing the dessicated foliage remains, to provide the nutrients for the bulb to flower next year. Potash fertilizer put down after they have flowered will also help that process.

Topic
Plants detailed in this website by
Botanical Name

A, B, C, D, E, F, G,
H, I, J, K, L, M, N,
O, P, Q, R, S, T, U,
V, W, X, Y, Z ,
Bulb
A1
, 2, 3, B, C1, 2,
D, E, F, G, Glad,
H, I, J, K, L1, 2,
M, N, O, P, Q, R,
S, T, U, V, W, XYZ ,
Evergreen Perennial
A
, B, C, D, E, F, G,
H, I, J, K, L, M, N,
O, P, Q, R, S, T, U,
V, W, X, Y, Z ,
Herbaceous Perennial
A1
, 2, B, C, D, E, F,
G, H, I, J, K, L, M,
N, O, P1, 2, Q, R,
S, T, U, V, W, XYZ,
Diascia Photo Album,
UK Peony Index

Wildflower
Botanical Names,
Common Names ,

will be
compared in:- Flower colour/month
Evergreen Perennial
,
F
lower shape Wildflower Flower Shape and
Plant use
Evergreen Perennial Flower Shape,
Bee plants for hay-fever sufferers

Bee-Pollinated Index
Butterfly
Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis, Butterfly Usage
of Plants.
Chalk
A, B, C, D, E, F, G,
H, I, J, K, L, M, N,
O, P, QR, S, T, UV,
WXYZ
Companion Planting
A, B, C, D, E, F, G,
H, I, J, K, L, M, N,
O, P, Q, R , S, T,
U ,V, W, X, Y, Z,
Pest Control using Plants
Fern Fern
1000 Ground Cover A, B, C, D, E, F, G,
H, I, J, K, L, M, N,
O, P, Q, R, S, T, U,
V, W, XYZ ,
Rock Garden and Alpine Flowers
A, B, C, D, E, F, G,
H, I, J, K, L, M,
NO, PQ, R, S, T,
UVWXYZ

Rose Rose Use

These 5 have Page links in rows below
Bulbs from the Infill Galleries (next row), Camera Photos,
Plant Colour Wheel Uses,
Sense of Fragrance, Wild Flower


Case Studies
...Drive Foundations
Ryegrass and turf kills plants within Roadstone and in Topsoil due to it starving and dehydrating them.
CEDAdrive creates stable drive surface and drains rain into your ground, rather than onto the public road.
8 problems caused by building house on clay or with house-wall attached to clay.
Pre-building work on polluted soil.

Companion Planting
to provide a Companion Plant to aid your selected plant or deter its pests

Garden
Construction

with ground drains

Garden Design
...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed
Borders

......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants
......Camera photos of Plant supports
Garden
Maintenance

Glossary with a tomato teaching cauliflowers
Home
Library of over 1000 books
Offbeat Glossary with DuLally Bird in its flower clock.

Plants
...in Chalk
(Alkaline) Soil
......A-F1, A-F2,
......A-F3, G-L, M-R,
......M-R Roses, S-Z
...in Heavy
Clay Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...in Lime-Free
(Acid) Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...in Light
Sand Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z.
...Poisonous Plants.
...Extra Plant Pages
with its 6 Plant Selection Levels

Soil
...
Interaction between 2 Quartz Sand Grains to make soil
...
How roots of plants are in control in the soil
...
Without replacing Soil Nutrients, the soil will break up to only clay, sand or silt
...
Subsidence caused by water in Clay
...
Use water ring for trees/shrubs for first 2 years.

Tool Shed with 3 kneeling pads
Useful Data with benefits of Seaweed

Topic -
Plant Photo Galleries
If the plant type below has flowers, then the first gallery will include the flower thumbnail in each month of 1 of 6 colour comparison pages of each plant in its subsidiary galleries, as a low-level Plant Selection Process

Aquatic
Bamboo
Bedding
...by Flower Shape

Bulb
...Allium/ Anemone
...Autumn
...Colchicum/ Crocus
...Dahlia
...Gladiolus with its 40 Flower Colours
......European A-E
......European F-M
......European N-Z
......European Non-classified
......American A,
B, C, D, E, F, G,
H, I, J, K, L, M,
N, O, P, Q, R, S,
T, U, V, W, XYZ
......American Non-classified
......Australia - empty
......India
......Lithuania
...Hippeastrum/ Lily
...Late Summer
...Narcissus
...Spring
...Tulip
...Winter
...Each of the above ...Bulb Galleries has its own set of Flower Colour Pages
...Flower Shape
...Bulb Form

...Bulb Use

...Bulb in Soil


Further details on bulbs from the Infill Galleries:-
Hardy Bulbs
...Aconitum
...Allium
...Alstroemeria
...Anemone

...Amaryllis
...Anthericum
...Antholyzas
...Apios
...Arisaema
...Arum
...Asphodeline

...Asphodelus
...Belamcanda
...Bloomeria
...Brodiaea
...Bulbocodium

...Calochorti
...Cyclobothrias
...Camassia
...Colchicum
...Convallaria 
...Forcing Lily of the Valley
...Corydalis
...Crinum
...Crosmia
...Montbretia
...Crocus

...Cyclamen
...Dicentra
...Dierama
...Eranthis
...Eremurus
...Erythrnium
...Eucomis

...Fritillaria
...Funkia
...Galanthus
...Galtonia
...Gladiolus
...Hemerocallis

...Hyacinth
...Hyacinths in Pots
...Scilla
...Puschkinia
...Chionodoxa
...Chionoscilla
...Muscari

...Iris
...Kniphofia
...Lapeyrousia
...Leucojum

...Lilium
...Lilium in Pots
...Malvastrum
...Merendera
...Milla
...Narcissus
...Narcissi in Pots

...Ornithogalum
...Oxalis
...Paeonia
...Ranunculus
...Romulea
...Sanguinaria
...Sternbergia
...Schizostylis
...Tecophilaea
...Trillium

...Tulip
...Zephyranthus

Half-Hardy Bulbs
...Acidanthera
...Albuca
...Alstroemeri
...Andro-stephium
...Bassers
...Boussing-aultias
...Bravoas
...Cypellas
...Dahlias
...Galaxis,
...Geissorhizas
...Hesperanthas

...Gladioli
...Ixias
...Sparaxises
...Babianas
...Morphixias
...Tritonias

...Ixiolirions
...Moraeas
...Ornithogalums
...Oxalises
...Phaedra-nassas
...Pancratiums
...Tigridias
...Zephyranthes
...Cooperias

Uses of Bulbs:-
...for Bedding
...in Windowboxes
...in Border
...naturalized in Grass
...in Bulb Frame
...in Woodland Garden
...in Rock Garden
...in Bowls
...in Alpine House
...Bulbs in Green-house or Stove:-
...Achimenes
...Alocasias
...Amorpho-phalluses
...Arisaemas
...Arums
...Begonias
...Bomareas
...Caladiums

...Clivias
...Colocasias
...Crinums
...Cyclamens
...Cyrtanthuses
...Eucharises
...Urceocharis
...Eurycles

...Freesias
...Gloxinias
...Haemanthus
...Hippeastrums

...Lachenalias
...Nerines
...Lycorises
...Pencratiums
...Hymenocallises
...Richardias
...Sprekelias
...Tuberoses
...Vallotas
...Watsonias
...Zephyranthes

...Plant Bedding in
......Spring

......Summer
...Bulb houseplants flowering during:-
......January
......February
......March
......April
......May
......June
......July
......August
......September
......October
......November
......December
...Bulbs and other types of plant flowering during:-
......Dec-Jan
......Feb-Mar
......Apr-May
......Jun-Aug
......Sep-Oct
......Nov-Dec
...Selection of the smaller and choicer plants for the Smallest of Gardens with plant flowering during the same 6 periods as in the previous selection

Climber in
3 Sector Vertical Plant System
...Clematis
...Climbers
Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
...Shrubs - Decid
Deciduous Tree
...Trees - Decid
Evergreen Perennial
...P-Evergreen A-L
...P-Evergreen M-Z
...Flower Shape
Evergreen Shrub
...Shrubs - Evergreen
...Heather Shrub
...Heather Index
......Andromeda
......Bruckenthalia
......Calluna
......Daboecia
......Erica: Carnea
......Erica: Cinerea
......Erica: Others
Evergreen Tree
...Trees - Evergreen
Fern
Grass
Hedging
Herbaceous
Perennial

...P -Herbaceous
...Peony
...Flower Shape
...RHS Wisley
......Mixed Border
......Other Borders
Herb
Odds and Sods
Rhododendron

Rose
...RHS Wisley A-F
...RHS Wisley G-R
...RHS Wisley S-Z
...Rose Use - page links in row 6. Rose, RHS Wisley and Other Roses rose indices on each Rose Use page
...Other Roses A-F
...Other Roses G-R
...Other Roses S-Z
Pruning Methods
Photo Index
R 1, 2, 3
Peter Beales Roses
RV Roger
Roses

Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
...Apple

...Cherry
...Pear
Vegetable
Wild Flower and
Butterfly page links are in next row

Topic -
UK Butterfly:-
...Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly Usage
of Plants.
...Plant Usage by
Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly.

Both native wildflowers and cultivated plants, with these
...Flower Shape,
...
Uses in USA,
...
Uses in UK and
...
Flo Cols / month are used by Butter-flies native in UK


Wild Flower
with its wildflower flower colour page, space,
data page(s).
...Blue Site Map.
Scented Flower, Foliage, Root.
Story of their Common Names.
Use of Plant with Flowers.
Use for Non-Flowering Plants.
Edible Plant Parts.
Flower Legend.
Flowering plants of
Chalk and
Limestone 1
, 2.
Flowering plants of Acid Soil
1.
...Brown Botanical Names.
Food for
Butterfly/Moth.

...Cream Common Names.
Coastal and Dunes.
Sandy Shores and Dunes.
...Green Broad-leaved Woods.
...Mauve Grassland - Acid, Neutral, Chalk.
...Multi-Cols Heaths and Moors.
...Orange Hedge-rows and Verges.
...Pink A-G Lakes, Canals and Rivers.
...Pink H-Z Marshes, Fens, Bogs.
...Purple Old Buildings and Walls.
...Red Pinewoods.
...White A-D
Saltmarshes.
Shingle Beaches, Rocks and Cliff Tops.
...White E-P Other.
...White Q-Z Number of Petals.
...Yellow A-G
Pollinator.
...Yellow H-Z
Poisonous Parts.
...Shrub/Tree River Banks and other Freshwater Margins. and together with cultivated plants in
Colour Wheel.

You know its
name:-
a-h, i-p, q-z,
Botanical Names, or Common Names,
habitat:-
on
Acid Soil,
on
Calcareous
(Chalk) Soil
,
on
Marine Soil,
on
Neutral Soil,
is a
Fern,
is a
Grass,
is a
Rush,
is a
Sedge, or
is
Poisonous.

Each plant in each WILD FLOWER FAMILY PAGE will have a link to:-
1) its created Plant Description Page in its Common Name column, then external sites:-
2) to purchase the plant or seed in its Botanical Name column,
3) to see photos in its Flowering Months column and
4) to read habitat details in its Habitat Column.
Adder's Tongue
Amaranth
Arrow-Grass
Arum
Balsam
Bamboo
Barberry
Bedstraw
Beech
Bellflower
Bindweed
Birch
Birds-Nest
Birthwort
Bogbean
Bog Myrtle
Borage
Box
Broomrape
Buckthorn
Buddleia
Bur-reed
Buttercup
Butterwort
Cornel (Dogwood)
Crowberry
Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 1
Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2
Cypress
Daffodil
Daisy
Daisy Cudweeds
Daisy Chamomiles
Daisy Thistle
Daisy Catsears Daisy Hawkweeds
Daisy Hawksbeards
Daphne
Diapensia
Dock Bistorts
Dock Sorrels
Clubmoss
Duckweed
Eel-Grass
Elm
Filmy Fern
Horsetail
Polypody
Quillwort
Royal Fern
Figwort - Mulleins
Figwort - Speedwells
Flax
Flowering-Rush
Frog-bit
Fumitory
Gentian
Geranium
Glassworts
Gooseberry
Goosefoot
Grass 1
Grass 2
Grass 3
Grass Soft
Bromes 1

Grass Soft
Bromes 2

Grass Soft
Bromes 3

Hazel
Heath
Hemp
Herb-Paris
Holly
Honeysuckle
Horned-Pondweed
Hornwort
Iris
Ivy
Jacobs Ladder
Lily
Lily Garlic
Lime
Lobelia
Loosestrife
Mallow
Maple
Mares-tail
Marsh Pennywort
Melon (Gourd/Cucumber)
Mesem-bryanthemum
Mignonette
Milkwort
Mistletoe
Moschatel
Naiad
Nettle
Nightshade
Oleaster
Olive
Orchid 1
Orchid 2
Orchid 3
Orchid 4
Parnassus-Grass
Peaflower
Peaflower
Clover 1

Peaflower
Clover 2

Peaflower
Clover 3

Peaflower Vetches/Peas
Peony
Periwinkle
Pillwort
Pine
Pink 1
Pink 2
Pipewort
Pitcher-Plant
Plantain
Pondweed
Poppy
Primrose
Purslane
Rannock Rush
Reedmace
Rockrose
Rose 1
Rose 2
Rose 3
Rose 4
Rush
Rush Woodrushes
Saint Johns Wort
Saltmarsh Grasses
Sandalwood
Saxifrage
Seaheath
Sea Lavender
Sedge Rush-like
Sedges Carex 1
Sedges Carex 2
Sedges Carex 3
Sedges Carex 4
Spindle-Tree
Spurge
Stonecrop
Sundew
Tamarisk
Tassel Pondweed
Teasel
Thyme 1
Thyme 2
Umbellifer 1
Umbellifer 2
Valerian
Verbena
Violet
Water Fern
Waterlily
Water Milfoil
Water Plantain
Water Starwort
Waterwort
Willow
Willow-Herb
Wintergreen
Wood-Sorrel
Yam
Yew


Topic -
The following is a complete hierarchical Plant Selection Process

dependent on the Garden Style chosen
Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form
Index


Topic -
Flower/Foliage Colour Wheel Galleries with number of colours as a high-level Plant Selection Process

All Flowers 53 with
...Use of Plant and
Flower Shape
- page links in bottom row

All Foliage 53
instead of redundant
...(All Foliage 212)


All Flowers
per Month 12


Bee instead of wind pollinated plants for hay-fever sufferers
All Bee-Pollinated Flowers
per Month
12
...Index

Rock Garden and Alpine Flowers
Rock Plant Flowers 53
INDEX
A, B, C, D, E, F,
G, H, I, J, K, L,
M, NO, PQ, R, S,
T, UVWXYZ
...Rock Plant Photos

Flower Colour Wheel without photos, but with links to photos
12 Bloom Colours
per Month Index

...All Plants Index


Topic -
Use of Plant in your Plant Selection Process

Plant Colour Wheel Uses
with
1. Perfect general use soil is composed of 8.3% lime, 16.6% humus, 25% clay and 50% sand, and
2. Why you are continually losing the SOIL STRUCTURE so your soil - will revert to clay, chalk, sand or silt.
Uses of Plant and Flower Shape:-
...Foliage Only
...Other than Green Foliage
...Trees in Lawn
...Trees in Small Gardens
...Wildflower Garden
...Attract Bird
...Attract Butterfly
1
, 2
...Climber on House Wall
...Climber not on House Wall
...Climber in Tree
...Rabbit-Resistant
...Woodland
...Pollution Barrier
...Part Shade
...Full Shade
...Single Flower provides Pollen for Bees
1
, 2, 3
...Ground-Cover
<60
cm
60-180cm
>180cm
...Hedge
...Wind-swept
...Covering Banks
...Patio Pot
...Edging Borders
...Back of Border
...Poisonous
...Adjacent to Water
...Bog Garden
...Tolerant of Poor Soil
...Winter-Flowering
...Fragrant
...Not Fragrant
...Exhibition
...Standard Plant is 'Ball on Stick'
...Upright Branches or Sword-shaped leaves
...Plant to Prevent Entry to Human or Animal
...Coastal Conditions
...Tolerant on North-facing Wall
...Cut Flower
...Potted Veg Outdoors
...Potted Veg Indoors
...Thornless
...Raised Bed Outdoors Veg
...Grow in Alkaline Soil A-F, G-L, M-R,
S-Z
...Grow in Acidic Soil
...Grow in Any Soil
...Grow in Rock Garden
...Grow Bulbs Indoors

Uses of Bedding
...Bedding Out
...Filling In
...Screen-ing
...Pots and Troughs
...Window Boxes
...Hanging Baskets
...Spring Bedding
...Summer Bedding
...Winter Bedding
...Foliage instead of Flower
...Coleus Bedding Photos for use in Public Domain 1

Uses of Bulb
...Other than Only Green Foliage
...Bedding or Mass Planting
...Ground-Cover
...Cut-Flower
...Tolerant of Shade
...In Woodland Areas
...Under-plant
...Tolerant of Poor Soil
...Covering Banks
...In Water
...Beside Stream or Water Garden
...Coastal Conditions
...Edging Borders
...Back of Border or Back-ground Plant
...Fragrant Flowers
...Not Fragrant Flowers
...Indoor
House-plant

...Grow in a Patio Pot
...Grow in an Alpine Trough
...Grow in an Alpine House
...Grow in Rock Garden
...Speciman Plant
...Into Native Plant Garden
...Naturalize in Grass
...Grow in Hanging Basket
...Grow in Window-box
...Grow in Green-house
...Grow in Scree
...Naturalized Plant Area
...Grow in Cottage Garden
...Attracts Butterflies
...Attracts Bees
...Resistant to Wildlife
...Bulb in Soil:-
......Chalk
......Clay
......Sand
......Lime-Free (Acid)
......Peat

Uses of Rose
Rose Index

...Bedding 1, 2
...Climber /Pillar
...Cut-Flower 1, 2
...Exhibition, Speciman
...Ground-Cover
...Grow In A Container 1, 2
...Hedge 1, 2
...Climber in Tree
...Woodland
...Edging Borders
...Tolerant of Poor Soil 1, 2
...Tolerant of Shade
...Back of Border
...Adjacent to Water
...Page for rose use as ARCH ROSE, PERGOLA ROSE, COASTAL CONDITIONS ROSE, WALL ROSE, STANDARD ROSE, COVERING BANKS or THORNLESS ROSES.
...FRAGRANT ROSES
...NOT FRAGRANT ROSES


Topic -
Camera Photo Galleries showing all 4000 x 3000 pixels of each photo on your screen that you can then click and drag it to your desktop as part of a Plant Selection Process:-

RHS Garden at Wisley

Plant Supports -
When supporting plants in a bed, it is found that not only do those plants grow upwards, but also they expand their roots and footpad sideways each year. Pages
1
, 2, 3, 8, 11,
12, 13,
Plants 4, 7, 10,
Bedding Plants 5,
Plant Supports for Unknown Plants 5
,
Clematis Climbers 6,
the RHS does not appear to either follow it's own pruning advice or advice from The Pruning of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers by George E. Brown.
ISBN 0-571-11084-3 with the plants in Pages 1-7 of this folder. You can see from looking at both these resources as to whether the pruning carried out on the remainder of the plants in Pages 7-15 was correct.

Narcissus (Daffodil) 9,
Phlox Plant Supports 14, 15

Coleus Bedding Foliage Trial - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13, 14, 15,
16, 17, 18, 19, 20,
21, 22, 23, 24, 25,
26, 27, 28, 29, 30,
31, 32, Index

National Trust Garden at Sissinghurst Castle
Plant Supports -
Pages for Gallery 1

with Plant Supports
1, 5, 10
Plants
2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9,
11, 12
Recommended Rose Pruning Methods 13
Pages for Gallery 2
with Plant Supports
2
,
Plants 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

Dry Garden of
RHS Garden at
Hyde Hall

Plants - Pages
without Plant Supports
Plants 1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

Nursery of
Peter Beales Roses
Display Garden

Roses Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13

Nursery of
RV Roger

Roses - Pages
A1,A2,A3,A4,A5,
A6,A7,A8,A9,A10,
A11,A12,A13,A14,
B15,
B16,B17,B18,B19,
B20,
B21,B22,B23,B24,
B25,
B26,B27,B28,B29,
B30,
C31,C32,C33,C34,
C35,
C36,C37,C38,C39,
C40,
C41,CD2,D43,D44,
D45,
D46,D47,D48,D49,
E50,
E51,E52,F53,F54,
F55,
F56,F57,G58,G59,
H60,
H61,I62,K63,L64,
M65,
M66,N67,P68,P69,
P70,
R71,R72,S73,S74,
T75,
V76,Z77, 78,

Damage by Plants in Chilham Village - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4

Pavements of Funchal, Madeira
Damage to Trees - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13
for trees 1-54,
14, 15,
16, 17, 18, 19, 20,
21, 22, 23, 24, 25,
for trees 55-95,
26, 27, 28, 29, 30,
31, 32, 33, 34, 35,
36, 37,
for trees 95-133,
38, 39, 40,
41, 42, 43, 44, 45,
for trees 133-166

Chris Garnons-Williams
Work Done - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13

Identity of Plants
Label Problems - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11

Ron and Christine Foord - 1036 photos only inserted so far - Garden Flowers - Start Page of each Gallery
AB1 ,AN14,BA27,
CH40,CR52,DR63,
FR74,GE85,HE96,

Plant with Photo Index of Ivydene Gardens - 1187
A 1, 2, Photos - 43
B 1, Photos - 13
C 1, Photos - 35
D 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7,
Photos - 411
with Plants causing damage to buildings in Chilham Village and Damage to Trees in Pavements of Funchal
E 1, Photos - 21
F 1, Photos - 1
G 1, Photos - 5
H 1, Photos - 21
I 1, Photos - 8
J 1, Photos - 1
K 1, Photos - 1
L 1, Photos - 85
with Label Problems
M 1, Photos - 9
N 1, Photos - 12
O 1, Photos - 5
P 1, Photos - 54
Q 1, Photos -
R 1, 2, 3,
Photos - 229
S 1, Photos - 111
T 1, Photos - 13
U 1, Photos - 5
V 1, Photos - 4
W 1, Photos - 100
with Work Done by Chris Garnons-Williams
X 1 Photos -
Y 1, Photos -
Z 1 Photos -
Articles/Items in Ivydene Gardens - 88
Flower Colour, Num of Petals, Shape and
Plant Use of:-
Rock Garden
within linked page


Topic -
Fragrant Plants as a Plant Selection Process for your sense of smell:-

Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an Acid Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
1
, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3
Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves
1
, 2
Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5
Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit
1
, 2, 3
Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2
Night-scented Flowering Plants
1
, 2


Topic -
Website User Guidelines


My Gas Service Engineer found Flow and Return pipes incorrectly positioned on gas boilers and customers had refused to have positioning corrected in 2020.

Copied from

Ivydene Gardens Mixed Borders in RHS Garden at Wisley Garden Design:
Introduction

 

This section details what I consider as errors in design carried out by the staff at the RHS garden in Wisley:-

 

Mixing all the primary colours together for the flower colours used in many of the 71 parts of these Mixed Borders
This Mixed Border scheme has deciduous climbers, trees, evergreen and deciduous shrubs with bulbs as its other permanent plants to provide a permanent structure - see Permanent Herbaceous Perennial Plant Index and the Permanent Plants in the table on the right; which is backed by a deciduous hornbeam hedge.

This mixture provides a foliage and flower foil against which these other permanent herbaceous perennials can provide new growth from the ground each year, with the different colours of foliage from juvenile to mature to dying off in the autumn and then an easy maintenance during the months of December-March for removing most of the growth above ground and replacing the plant supports to provide a neat bed in a series of large ground areas.

The bedding plants - see Bedding Annual Plant Index and Un-labelled Bedding Annual Plant Index pages - provide the icing on the cake at different flowering time periods between May and November to enhance the overall flower colour scheme. The new bedding each year can provide opportunities to vary the look of these beds.

It was disapointing that I did not see the flowers during 2013 of more than 25% of these Permanent Herbaceous Perennial Plants - possible reasons shown in Lost Flowers Page with 'Walkabout' Plants and 'Stateless' Plants Page.

A table for each month - May, June, July, August, September, October, November - shows the flower photos for each of the 71 parts of the Mixed Borders split into Blue, Orange, Pink, Red, Unusual Colour, White, or Yellow for all the plants. Besides that, you can see from the table below that Red and Pink with Unusual Flower Colours seem to be predominant as flower colours and that these are spread throughout the beds.
Not having the knowledge of a fully qualified Royal Horticultural Society gardener, I am failing to see either

  • a colour scheme from pastels to bright colours and then back to pastels to accentuate the middle area of the entrance to the Plant Centre or exit path to the Bowes-Lyon Rose Garden on the other side or
  • the Red, bright Blue and Bright Yellows being closest to the garden entrance with the pastels at the furthest point of Battleston Hill to provide a visual extension to these beds or
  • the duplication of the same plant throughout the beds to provide continuity (there are 14 Phlox varieties which provide some kind of continuity in the bed in using the same family with the same kind of plant form). Each of the Permanent Herbaceous Perennials normally only occurs in 1 patch in these Mixed Border Beds - rarely twice and even more rarely in 3 patches. Each of the parts of the Mixed Border beds overlaps the adjacent parts, so depending on how wide on the ground is that patch of a collection of a plant, then it depends on how many parts of the 71 parts that it is on.
    or
  • change of flower colour from for example Yellow in May to Red in September to coincide with the possibility of the herbaceous shrubs/trees/hedge foliage becoming Brown/Red in the Autumn, in this Mixed Border or background hedge.
    or
  • how the following distribution of flower colours from the Permanent Herbaceous Perennials in these beds comes from a restful to the eye and mind, coordinated and planned flower planting scheme:-
    Red or Pink flowers occurs in
    35 parts (17 Pink + 20 Red - 2 Pink and Red) in June,
    53 parts in July,
    59 in August and
    60 in September.
    Multi-coloured or not Blue, Orange, Pink, Red, White or Yellow flowers occurs in
    35 parts in June,
    53 parts in July,
    57 parts in August and
    47 parts in September.
    Mixtures of 2 or more colours is
    29 in June (16 of 2 colours + 17 of 3 colours + 2 of 4 or more colours - 6 of White and other Colour),
    52 in July,
    55 in August,
    50 in September.

I have added the BEDding (started January 2014 - completed March 2014) and then the OTHer Permanent Plants (started March 2014 - completed May 2014) to the table below to show the flower colour planting scheme of the Bedding and the Other Permanent Plants and then its combination.
"Bedding Plant in Unknown Section" top data row in the Flower Colour Range months pages refers to the lack of a photo taken by me or H. Kavanagh of that bedding plant with the label in the same photo of a Permanent Herbaceous Perennial or Other Permanent Plant whose location in 1 or more of the 71 Parts of those Mixed Borders can be identified.

 

If I had produced this planting design with its mixture of flower colours in almost every part - or maintained these beds in this way - in 2013, I would be deeply ashamed.

As a nation of gardeners in Britain; the Royal Horticultural Society being at its pinnacle, with the tradition of excellence by our previous head gardeners and their staff during the Victorian era, I had thought that the staff at the RHS Garden at Wisley would not need a lecture.

 

Number of parts of the 71 parts of the Mixed Borders with flowers of the following colours in the following months:-

 

 

 

 

 

Unu-sual Col-our

 

 

White and other colour

Pink and Red

2 col-ours with-out White as 1 of them

3 col-ours with White as 1 of them or not 1 of them

4 or more
col-ours with White as 1 of them or not 1 of them

Month

176
Per-manent Herbac-eous Peren-nials

3

 

2

 

5

 

4

 

 

1

 

 

May

13

2

17

20

35

21

23

6

2

16

17

2

Jun

28

2

40

25

53

37

25

2

12

8

22

24

Jul

33

2

48

24

57

38

36

1

13

3

27

26

Aug

20

2

53

18

47

34

28

3

11

9

37

7

Sep

9

2

23

12

19

16

13

9

3

9

5

 

Oct

 

 

6

3

7

3

1

2

 

 

 

 

Nov

99 BEDding

 

 

8

5

12

6

 

3

 

3

 

 

May

 

3

10

21

29

11

 

4

2

2

3

1

Jun

8

6

11

35

41

17

6

4

4

9

7

2

Jul

8

6

11

37

41

17

6

4

6

11

6

2

Aug

6

6

11

35

44

13

6

4

5

8

7

1

Sep

4

6

11

28

33

8

6

1

6

9

2

2

Oct

 

 

2

11

7

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nov

73
OTHer Perma-nent plants of other Plant Types

 

 

2

 

1

7

 

 

 

 

 

 

May

3

 

11

4

12

11

5

2

 

1

1

 

Jun

7

 

16

6

24

20

7

5

 

3

5

1

Jul

7

 

16

6

26

26

14

9

 

7

5

1

Aug

7

 

14

8

17

22

5

6

 

4

3

 

Sep

 

 

7

4

4

2

5

1

 

 

 

 

Oct

 

 

2

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

Nov

176
Per-manent Herbac-eous Peren-nials
+
99
BEDding
+
73
OTHer Perma-nent plants of other Plant Types

3

 

11

5

17

13

4

2

 

8

1

 

May

16

5

28

31

49

37

27

5

12

13

15

19

Jun

39

7

48

40

58

52

31

3

23

4

4

46

Jul

35

5

54

37

63

53

39

2

24

3

10

53

Aug

23

8

54

34

61

45

31

 

23

9

21

35

Sep

13

5

33

28

36

20

21

7

11

15

18

9

Oct

 

 

9

11

14

6

4

1

3

 

1

2

Nov

 

 

 

 

 

Unu-sual Col-our

 

 

White and other colour

Pink and Red

2 col-ours with-out White as 1 of them

3 col-ours with White as 1 of them or not 1 of them

4 or more
col-ours with White as 1 of them or not 1 of them

Month

 

Another Possible Solution for lack of coordinated Flower Colour Scheme

If you want the garden to be restful to the eye, then you can provide a colour scheme using the harmony of adjacent colours. If you prefer to shock the visitor, then use the contrast of opposite colours, but I am not favourable of the above partial use of the harmony of triads as shown by the Colour Wheel Page of Garden Design.

 

Very Poor Plant Labelling

After reviewing the situation that 102 plants were missing their identity when in flower in 2013 out of 348 (29.31% of the plants) in 768 square metres of Mixed Borders garden beds:-

  • for the Permanent Herbaceous Perennials of the Mixed Border beds in the
    Lost Flowers Page with the
    'Walkabout' and 'Stateless Plants' Page ,
  • for the Other Permanent Plants of the Mixed Borders in the Index above
  • and the Bedding Plants of the Mixed Border beds in the
    Bedding Plant Index Page
    and Un-labelled Bedding Plant Index Page


I am tempted to state:-
'There is room for improvement in the Mixed Border'.

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