Ivydene Gardens Adder's Tongue to Borage Wild Flower Families Gallery:
Beech Family

 

Click on Underlined Text in:-

Common Name to view that Plant Description Page
Botanical Name to link to Plant or Seed Supplier
Flowering Months to view photos
Habitat to view further Natural Habitat details and Botanical Society of the British Isles Distribution Map

Beech Family:-

Beech Family plant table with its Common Name - Botanical Name. Flowering Months Range. Habitat with link to that Wild Flower Gallery:-

Common Name

Botanical Name

Flowering Months

Habitat

Beech

Fagus sylvatica

April-May

This is a large tree found on a wide variety of base-rich to acidic, free-draining soils. It grows in pure woodlands or as standard trees or pollards in wood pasture. It is widely planted outside its native range as woodland, in avenues and as hedges. 0-650 m S. of Garrigill (Cumberland).

beechfflomale

beechfflofemale

beechffoljuv

beechffor

Male Flower from Queensdown Warren in Kent on 13 May

Female Flower from Queensdown Warren in Kent on 13 May

Juvenile Foliage in Spring

Form from Copse in Dartmoor in May

Copper Beech or Purple Beech

Fagus sylvatica cuprea purpurea

April-May

Parks and Gardens (common as a woodland tree in Southern England, especially on the chalk; elsewhere mostly planted and in parks or shelter-belts)

item1n6

item237f

copperbeechffol

copperbeechffor

Flower

Flowers

Foliage in June

Form in May

Durmast Oak or Sessile Oak

Quercus petraea

April-May, with the leaves

A long-lived, deciduous tree, forming high forest or coppice woodland, especially on well-drained, shallow, moderately to strongly acidic soils. It is the characteristic species of upland oakwoods. Seedlings of Quercus petraea may be more shade-tolerant than those of Quercus robur and is therefore more able to regenerate in woodland.

Holm Oak
(Holm oak is damaging biodiversity in the United Kingdom, and is listed as an alien invader. Normally the tree is unable to withstand frost, which would normally prevent it from spreading north, but with climate change, it has successfully penetrated these areas.).

(Evergreen Oak)

Quercus Ilex

April-May

An evergreen tree, planted in parks, large gardens, churchyards and cemeteries, and becoming well-established in copses, woodland and on sand dunes. It prefers light, warm soils, and is frequently planted near coasts. Seed production can be prolific, and it regenerates freely in parts of S. and E. England. Lowland.

holmfflomaleoak

holmfflofemaleoak

holmffoloak

holmfforoak

Male Flower in June

Female Flower in June

Foliage in June

Form from Decoy Farm on 15 May

Horse Chestnut (Introduced. Native of Albania and Greece)

Aesculus hippocastanum

May-June

A tree of parkland, large gardens and estates, churchyards, urban streets and village greens; also a constituent of deciduous and mixed woodland. It is sometimes self-sown in scrubby areas, waste ground or rough grassland, and occasionally regenerates in woodland, but is rarely fully naturalised. Generally lowland, but reaching 505 m at Ashgill (Cumberland).

horsefflochestnut

horseffloschestnut

horseffolchestnut

horsefforchestnut

Flower in May

Flowers

Foliage from Chester on 20 May

Form from Norfolk

Pedunculate Oak

Quercus robur

April-May, with the leaves

A long-lived, deciduous tree of high forest, coppice woodland and ancient wood-pasture. It grows on a wide range of soils, typically those which are heavy and fertile, but does not thrive on thin soils over limestone or acidic peat. It is fairly tolerant of waterlogging, growing at fen margins and in Alnus woodland. It is very widely planted in hedges and woodland. 0-450 m (Talgarth, Brecs.).

pedunculatefflomaleoak

pedunculatefflofemaleoak

pedunculateffoloak

pedunculatefforoak

Male Flowers from Borough Green on 31 March

Female Flowers from Strood in Kent in June

Foliage from Borough Green in Kent on 4 September

Form from South Elmham in Suffolk in May

Sweet Chestnut or Spanish Chestnut

Castanea sativa

July

This deciduous tree is a major constituent of coppiced woodland in South-East England. It is also planted in hedgerows, wood-borders, parkland and amenity areas, and in large gardens. It tolerates a wide range of soils, but thrives on moist, sandy soils. Seed is set freely in the south, but seedlings rarely reach maturity. 0-410 m (Fern Hill, Rads.

sweetfflomaleandfemalechestnut

sweetfflofemalechestnut

sweetffoljuvchestnut

sweetfforjuvchestnut

Male and Female Flowers

Female Flower

Juvenile Foliage from Merewith Wood on 2 May

Form in July

Turkey Oak

Quercus cerris

April-May, with the leaves

A deciduous tree planted in woodlands, town parks, estates, large gardens and along roads, especially on acidic, sandy soils. It seeds freely, and has become naturalised on free-draining soils in other habitats including railway embankments and waste ground, spreading into calcareous grassland and heathland. Lowland.

turkeybarkoak

turkeyffruoak

turkeyffoloak

turkeyfforoak

Trunk bark in September

Acorn from West Malling Country Park in Kent in September

Foliage in September

Form

 

Graphocephala coccinea ia a meadow and woodland-dwelling species of brightly-coloured leafhopper native to North and Central America, from Canada south to Panama. Common names include candy-striped leafhopper, red-banded leafhopper, scarlet-and-green leafhopper and red-and-blue leafhopper.

Leafhoppers feed on plant sap with the aid of specialized mouthparts. This leafhopper is a vector in leaf scorch caused by "Pierce's disease". This disease is responsible for the decline of certain woody plants such as elm, oak and other ornamental trees.

 

rhododendron1leafhopper

 

rhododendron2leafhopper

 

rhododendron3leafhopper

Rhododendron leaf-hopper bug (Graphocephala coccinea) from Bedgebury on 15 October 1966.

Tree Gift Wrapping Service
Why not make your tree gift even more special by using Mail Order Trees gift wrapping service. This includes one of their handmade drawstring 'ecobags' made out of 100% biodegradable materials, a gift tag with optional gift message and a planting and aftercare booklet. All of this for just £2.00 per tree.

 

Key / Size Guide from MailOrderTrees

B/R (Bare Root) - The traditional way to buy deciduous trees and shrubs. Perfect for planting between November and March.

R/B (Root Ball) - The traditional way to buy evergreen trees and shrubs. The plants are kept in their own soil, making them ideal to transplant between November and March.

C/G (Container Grown) - A very convenient way to buy trees and shrubs, already rooted in their pots, they can be planted all year round. Sizes given in litres.

H/S (Half standard) - Half standard trees have a clear stem of 1.25-1.5m with a bushy head of around 1-1.5m. The total height from the ground is approximately 2-2.5m.

Maiden (Feathered tree) - A good, well-defined prominent leader running straight up through the young tree. Perfect for training into a half standard, standard or fan-trained tree. Sizes given in cm's.

Multi-stemmed - A tree with two or more main stems

 

UKButterflies Larval Foodplants website page lists the larval foodplants used by British butterflies. The name of each foodplant links to a Google search. An indication of whether the foodplant is a primary or secondary food source is also given.

Please note that the Butterfly you see for only a short time has grown up on plants as an egg, caterpillar and chrysalis for up to 11 months, before becoming a butterfly. If the plants that they live on during that time are removed, or sprayed with herbicide, then you will not see the butterfly.
 

Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery.

Some UK native butterflies eat material from UK Native Wildflowers and live on them as eggs, caterpillars (Large Skipper eats False Brome grass - Brachypodium sylvaticum - for 11 months from July to May as a Caterpillar before becoming a Chrysalis within 3 weeks in May) chrysalis or butterflies ALL YEAR ROUND.
Please leave a small area in your garden for wildflowers to grow without disturbance throughout the year for the benefit of butterflies, moths and other wildlife who are dependant on them.

Butterfly
Usage of Plants
by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly

 

Topic -
Plant Photo Galleries for Wildflowers

There are 180 families in the Wildflowers of the UK and they have been split up into 22 Galleries to allow space for up to 100 plants per gallery.

Each plant named in each of the Wildflower Family Pages may have a link to:-

its Plant Description Page in its Common Name in one of those Wildflower Plant Galleries and will have links

to external sites to purchase the plant or seed in its Botanical Name,

to see photos in its Flowering Months and

to read habitat details in its Habitat Column.

 

Wild Flower Gallery
with its
flower colour comparison page,
space,
Site Map page in its flower colour
NOTE Gallery:-
...Blue Note
...Brown Note
...Cream Note
...Green Note
...Mauve Note
...Multi-Cols Note
...Orange Note
...Pink A-G Note
...Pink H-Z Note
...Purple Note
...Red Note
...White A-D Note
...White E-P Note
...White Q-Z Note
...Yellow A-G Note
...Yellow H-Z Note
...Shrub/Tree Note

Each of the above 17 Flower Colour Comparison Pages compares the wildflowers with that flower colour in the top section using the thumbnails of the ones that I have. This is followed by a list of all the Wildflowers of the UK that have that same flower colour. Then, in the right hand table is the list of Wildflowers of the UK with that habitat as shown below:-

White A-D
and
Habitats of Saltmarshes, Beaches, Rocks and Cliff Tops

White E-P
and
Other Habitats

White Q-Z
and
Number of Petals
Cream
and
Coastal Sandy Shores and Dunes
Yellow A-G
and
Pollinator

Yellow H-Z
and
Poisonous Plants
Orange
and
Habitat of Hedgerows and Road Verges
Red
and
Habitat of Pinewoods
Pink A-G
and
Habitats of Lakes, Canals and Rivers

Pink H-Z
and
Habitats of Marshes, Fens and Bogs
Mauve
and
Habitat of Grassland - Acid, Neutral or Chalk
Purple
and
Habitats of Old Buildings and Walls
Blue
and
Flower Legend
Green
and
Habitat of Broad-leaved Woods
Brown
and
Food for Butterfly / Moth
Multi-Coloured
and
Habitats of Heaths and Moors
Shrub and Small Tree
and
Habitats of River Banks and Other Freshwater Margins

Seed 1
and
Scented Flower, Foliage or Root

Seed 2
and
Story of Their Common Names

Non-Flower Plants and
Non-Flowering Plant Use

Introduction
and
Edible Plant Parts

Site Map
and
Use of Plant

 

You can find the wild flower in one of the 23 Wild Flower Galleries or the Colour Wheel
Gallery

If

you know its name, use
Wild Flower Plant Index a-h,
Wild Flower Plant Index i-p or
Wild Flower Plant Index q-z

you know which habitat it lives in,
use
Wild Flowers on
Acid Soil
Habitat Table,
on Calcareous
(Chalk) Soil
,
on Marine Soil,
on Neutral Soil,
is a Fern,
is a Grass,
is a Rush, or
is a Sedge

you know which family it belongs to, use
Wild Flower Family Pages menu below
 

Wild Flower Family Page

(the families within "The Pocket Guide to Wild Flowers" by David McClintock & R.S.R. Fitter, Published in 1956 are not in Common Name alphabetical order and neither are the common names of the plants detailed within each family. These families within that book will have their details described as shown in the next column starting from page 1 in February 2017 until all the families have been completed on page 307.

This may take a few months of my time before I get to the Adder's Tongue Family on page 307.

The information in the above book is back-referenced to the respective page in "Flora of the British Isles" by A.R. Clapham of University of Sheffield,
T.G. Tutin of University College, Leicester and
E.F. Warburg of University of Oxford printed by Cambridge at the University Press in 1952 for each plant in all the families)

followed by

No. of Plants of that Family

that have a row with their details in their flower colour in this central data table;

and then

the relevant entries in the Habitat Index Pages and other characteristics in other Index Pages in the Page Menu / Index Table on the left
(with over-flow in another table below the flower colour in the central data table and then onto
continuation pages)

within this gallery

Adder's Tongue

Amaranth

Arrow-Grass

Arum

Balsam

Bamboo

Barberry 2

Bedstraw

Beech

Bellflower

Bindweed

Birch

Birds-Nest

Birthwort

Bogbean

Bog Myrtle

Borage

Box

Broomrape

Buckthorn

Buddleia

Bur-reed

Buttercup 45

Butterwort

Cornel (Dogwood)

Crowberry

Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 1

Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2

Cypress

Daffodil

Daisy

Daisy Cudweeds

Daisy Chamomiles

Daisy Thistle

Daisy Catsears

Daisy Hawkweeds

Daisy Hawksbeards

Daphne

Diapensia

Dock Bistorts

Dock Sorrels

Clubmoss

Duckweed

Eel-Grass

Elm

Filmy Fern

Horsetail

Polypody

Quillwort

Royal Fern

Figwort - Mulleins

Figwort - Speedwells

Flax

Flowering-Rush

Frog-bit

Fumitory 3

Gentian

Geranium

Glassworts

Gooseberry

Goosefoot

Grass 1

Grass 2

Grass 3

Grass Soft Bromes 1

Grass Soft Bromes 2

Grass Soft Bromes 3

Hazel

Heath

Hemp

Herb-Paris

Holly

Honeysuckle

Horned-Pondweed

Hornwort 2

Iris

Ivy

Jacobs Ladder

Lily

Lily Garlic

Lime

Lobelia

Loosestrife

Mallow

Maple

Mares-tail

Marsh Pennywort

Melon (Gourd/Cucumber)

Mesem-bryanthemum

Mignonette

Milkwort

Mistletoe

Moschatel

Naiad

Nettle

Nightshade

Oleaster

Olive

Orchid 1

Orchid 2

Orchid 3

Orchid 4

Parnassus-Grass

Peaflower

Peaflower Clover 1

Peaflower Clover 2

Peaflower Clover 3

Peaflower Vetches/Peas

Peony 1

Periwinkle

Pillwort

Pine

Pink 1

Pink 2

Pipewort

Pitcher-Plant

Plantain

Pondweed

Poppy 9

Primrose

Purslane

Rannock Rush

Reedmace

Rockrose

Rose 1

Rose 2

Rose 3

Rose 4

Rush

Rush Woodrushes

Saint Johns Wort

Saltmarsh Grasses

Sandalwood

Saxifrage

Seaheath

Sea Lavender

Sedge Rush-like

Sedges Carex 1

Sedges Carex 2

Sedges Carex 3

Sedges Carex 4

Spindle-Tree

Spurge

Stonecrop

Sundew

Tamarisk

Tassel Pondweed

Teasel

Thyme 1

Thyme 2

Umbellifer 1

Umbellifer 2

Valerian

Verbena

Violet

Water Fern

Waterlily 3

Water Milfoil

Water Plantain

Water Starwort

Waterwort

Willow

Willow-Herb

Wintergreen

Wood-Sorrel

Yam

Yew

Total 65

 

Plants used by the Butterflies follow the Plants used by the Egg, Caterpillar and Chrysalis as stated in
A Butterfly Book for the Pocket by Edmund Sandars.
Published by Oxford University Press London: Humphrey Milford in 1939.
 

Plant Name

Butterfly Name

Egg/ Caterpillar/ Chrysalis/ Butterfly

Plant Usage

Plant Usage Months

Alder Buckthorn

Brimstone

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

1 egg under leaf.

Eats leaves.
---

10 days in May-June
28 days.
12 days.

Aspen

Large Tortoiseshell

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

Eggs laid in batches encircling the branch of the food plant.
Feeds on leaves.
Hangs suspended from stem.

Hatches after 18-22 days in April.
30 days in May
9 days in June.

Black Medic

Common Blue

Egg,

Caterpillar


Chrysalis

Groups of eggs on upper side of leaf.
Eats buds and flowers.


Base of food plant.

-
-
Spend winter at the base of the food plant. They resume feeding in March.
2 weeks

Common Birdsfoot Trefoil

Chalk-Hill Blue

Egg,
Caterpillar
Chrysalis

1 egg at base of plant.
Eats leaves.
---

Late August-April
April-June
1 Month

Common Birdsfoot Trefoil

Common Blue

Egg,

Caterpillar


Chrysalis

Groups of eggs on upper side of leaf.
Eats buds and flowers.


Base of food plant.

-
-
Spend winter at the base of the food plant. They resume feeding in March.
2 weeks

Common Birdsfoot Trefoil

Wood White

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

1 egg laid on underside of leaflets or bracts.
Eats leaves.
---

7 days in June.

32 days in June-July.
July-May.

Bitter Vetch

Wood White

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

1 egg laid on underside of leaflets or bracts.
Eats leaves.
---

7 days in June.

32 days in June-July.
July-May.

Borage

Queen of Spain Fritillary

Egg,

Caterpillar


Chrysalis

1 egg laid under the leaf or on top of the flower.
Eats leaves, then before pupating it eats the bloom and leaves of the pansies.
---

7 days in August.

23 days in August-September.

3 weeks in September

Bramble

Holly Blue

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

 

1 egg on underside of a flower bud on its stalk.
Eats flower bud.
---

 

7 days.

28-42 days.
18 days. Early September to Late April for second generation.

Buckthorn

Holly Blue

Egg,


Caterpillar
Chrysalis

 

1 egg on underside of a flower bud on its stalk.
Eats flower bud.
---


 

7 days.


28-42 days.
18 days. Early September to Late April for second generation.

Buckthorn -
Alder Buckthorn and Common Buckthorn

Brimstone

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

1 egg under leaf.

Eats leaves.
---

10 days in May-June.

28 days.
12 days.

Burdocks

Painted Lady

Egg,
Caterpillar
Chrysalis

1 egg on leaf.
Eats leaves.
---

2 weeks
7-11days
7-11 days

Cabbages - Large White eats all cruciferous plants, such as cabbages, mustard, turnips, radishes, cresses, nasturtiums, wild mignonette and dyer's weed

Large White
 

Egg,


Caterpillar
Chrysalis

40-100 eggs on both surfaces of leaf.

Eats leaves.
---
 

May-June and August-Early September. 4.5-17 days.
30-32 days
14 days for May-June eggs, or overwinter till April

Cabbages

Small White

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

1 egg on underside of leaf.

Eats leaves.
---
 

May-June and August. 7 days.
28 days
21 days for May-June eggs, or overwinter till March

Cabbages:-
Charlock,
Cuckoo Flower (Lady's Smock),
Hedge-Mustard,
Garlic-Mustard,
Yellow Rocket (Common Winter-Cress),
Watercress

Green-veined White

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis


 

1 egg on underside of leaf.

Eats leaves.
---


 

July or August; hatches in 3 days.
16 days.
14 days in July or for caterpillars of August, they overwinter till May.

Cabbages:-
Charlock,
Creeping Yellow-cress,
Cuckoo Flower (Lady's Smock),
Dame's Violet,
Hedge-Mustard,
Horseradish,
Garlic-Mustard,
Lady's Smock,
Large Bittercress,
Rock-cress (Common Winter-Cress),
Yellow Rocket (Common Winter-Cress),
Watercress,
Wild Turnip

Orange Tip

Egg,

Caterpillar

Chrysalis

1 egg laid in the tight buds and flowers.
Eats leaves, buds, flowers and especially the seed pods.
---

May-June 7 days.

June-July 24 days.

August-May

Cherry with
Wild Cherry,
Morello Cherry and
Bird Cherry

Large Tortoiseshell

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

Eggs laid in batches encircling the branch of the food plant.
Feeds on leaves.
Hangs suspended from stem.

Hatches after 18-22 days in April.
30 days in May.
9 days in June.

Clovers 1, 2, 3

Common Blue

Egg,

Caterpillar


Chrysalis

Groups of eggs on upper side of leaf.
Eats buds and flowers.


Base of food plant.

-
-
Spend winter at the base of the food plant. They resume feeding in March.
2 weeks.

Clovers 1, 2, 3

Pale Clouded Yellow

Egg,
Caterpillar
Chrysalis

1 egg on leaf.
Eats leaves.

 

10 days in May-June.
July-August.
17 days in August-September.

Clovers 1, 2, 3

Clouded Yellow

Egg,
Caterpillar
Chrysalis

1 egg on leaf.
Eats leaves.
 

6 days in May-June.
30 days.
18 days in July-August.

Cocksfoot is a grass

Large Skipper

Egg,
Caterpillar
Chrysalis

1 egg under leaf.
Eats leaves.
---


11 Months
3 weeks from May

Cow-wheat

(Common CowWheat, Field CowWheat)

Heath Fritillary

Egg,

Caterpillar



Chrysalis

Eggs laid in batches on the under side of the leaves.
Feeds on leaves until end of August. Hibernates on dead leaves until March. Eats young leaves until June.
---

Hatches after 16 days in June.
June-April



25 days in June.

Currants
(Red Currant,
Black Currant and Gooseberry)

Comma

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

Groups of eggs on upper side of leaf.
Eats leaves.
---

 

Devilsbit Scabious

Marsh Fritillary

Egg,

Caterpillar



Chrysalis

Eggs laid in batches on the under side of the leaves.
Feeds on leaves until late August. Hibernates on dead leaves until March. Eats leaves until May.
---

Hatches after 20 days in July.
July-May.



15 days in May.

Dog Violet with
Common Dog Violet,
Heath Dog Violet and
Wood Dog Violet

Silver-washed Fritillary

Egg,
Caterpillar



Chrysalis

1 egg on oak or pine tree trunk
Hibernates in a crevice in the bark of the tree trunk.
Moves out of tree to eat Dog Violet leaves.
On rock or twig.

15 days in July.
August-March.

March-May.

Late June-July

Dog Violet with
Common Dog Violet,
Heath Dog Violet and
Wood Dog Violet

Pearl-bordered Fritillary

Egg,

Caterpillar



Chrysalis

1 egg on leaf or stem.

Feeds on leaves until July. Hibernates on dead leaves until March. Eats young leaves until May.
---

Hatches after 15 days in May-June.
July-May.



9 days in June.

Dog Violet with
Common Dog Violet,
Heath Dog Violet and
Wood Dog Violet

Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary

Egg,

Caterpillar



Chrysalis

1 egg on leaf or stem.

Feeds on leaves until July. Hibernates in dead leaves until March. Eats young leaves until April.
---

Hatches after 10 days in May-June.
June-April



April-June.

Dogwood

Holly Blue

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

 

1 egg on underside of a flower bud on its stalk.
Eats flower bud.
---

 

7 days.

28-42 days.
18 days. Early September to Late April for second generation.

Elm and Wych Elm

Large Tortoiseshell

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

Eggs laid in batches encircling the branch of the food plant.
Feeds on leaves.
Hangs suspended from stem.

Hatches after 18-22 days in April.
30 days in May.
9 days in June.

False Brome is a grass (Wood Brome, Wood False-brome and Slender False-brome)

Large Skipper

Egg,
Caterpillar
Chrysalis

1 egg under leaf.
Eats leaves.
---

...
11 Months
3 weeks from May

Foxglove

Marsh Fritillary

Egg,

Caterpillar



Chrysalis

Eggs laid in batches on the under side of the leaves.
Feeds on leaves until late August. Hibernates on dead leaves until March. Eats leaves until May.
---

Hatches after 20 days in July.
July-May



15 days in May.

Fyfield Pea

Wood White

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

1 egg laid on underside of leaflets or bracts.
Eats leaves.
---

7 days in June.

32 days in June-July.
July-May.

Garden Pansy

Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary

Egg,

Caterpillar


Chrysalis

1 egg on leaf or stem.
Feeds on leaves until July. Hibernates in dead leaves until March. Eats young leaves until April.
---

Hatches after 10 days in May-June.
June-April


April-June.

Gorse

Holly Blue

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

 

1 egg on underside of a flower bud on its stalk.
Eats flower bud.
---

 

7 days.

28-42 days.
18 days. Early September to Late April for second generation.

Heartsease

Queen of Spain Fritillary

Egg,

Caterpillar


Chrysalis

1 egg laid under the leaf or on top of the flower.
Eats leaves, then before pupating it eats the bloom and leaves of the pansies.
---

7 days in August.

23 days in August-September.

3 weeks in September

Hogs's Fennel

Swallowtail

Egg,


Caterpillar


Chrysalis

1 egg on leaf. 5 or 6 eggs may be deposited by separate females on one leaf.
Eats leaves, and moves to stems of sedges or other fen plants before pupating.
---

14 days in July-August.


August-September.


September-May.

Holly

Holly Blue

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

 

1 egg on underside of a flower bud on its stalk.
Eats flower bud.
---

 

7 days.

28-42 days.
18 days. Early September to Late April for second generation.

Honesty
(Lunaria biennis)

Orange Tip

Egg,

Caterpillar

Chrysalis

1 egg laid in the tight buds and flowers.
Eats leaves, buds, flowers and especially the seed pods.
---

May-June 7 days.

June-July 24 days.

August-May

Honeysuckle

Marsh Fritillary

Egg,

Caterpillar



Chrysalis

Eggs laid in batches on the under side of the leaves.
Feeds on leaves until late August. Hibernates on dead leaves until March. Eats leaves until May.
---

Hatches after 20 days in July.
July-May.



15 days in May.

Hop

Comma

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

Groups of eggs on upper side of leaf.
Eats leaves.
---

 

Horseshoe vetch

Adonis Blue




Chalk-Hill Blue


Berger's Clouded Yellow

Egg,
Caterpillar

Chrysalis

Egg,
Caterpillar
Chrysalis

Egg,


Caterpillar

Chrysalis

1 egg under leaf.
Eats leaves.

---

1 egg at base of plant.
Eats leaves.
---

1 egg on leaf.


Eats leaves.

---

1 then
June-March or September to July
3 weeks.

Late August-April.
April-June
1 Month

8-10 days in Late May-June or Middle August-September
June-July or September to October
8-15 days

Ivy

Holly Blue

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

 

1 egg on underside of a flower bud on its stalk.
Eats flower bud.
---

 

7 days.

28-42 days.
18 days. Early September to Late April for second generation.

Kidney Vetch

Chalk-Hill Blue

Egg,
Caterpillar
Chrysalis
Butterfly

1 egg at base of plant.
Eats leaves.
---
Eats nectar.

Late August-April.
April-June
1 Month
20 days

Lucerne

Pale Clouded Yellow



Clouded Yellow

Egg,
Caterpillar
Chrysalis


Egg,
Caterpillar
Chrysalis

1 egg on leaf.
Eats leaves.



1 egg on leaf.
Eats leaves.
---

10 days in May-June.
July-August.
17 days in August-September.

6 days in May-June.
30 days.
18 days in July-August.

Mallows

Painted Lady

Egg,
Caterpillar
Chrysalis

1 egg on leaf.
Eats leaves.
---

2 weeks
7-11days
7-11 days

Melilot

Clouded Yellow

Egg,
Caterpillar
Chrysalis

1 egg on leaf.
Eats leaves.
 

6 days in May-June.
30 days.
18 days in July-August.

Mignonettes

Small White

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

1 egg on underside of leaf.

Eats leaves.
---
 

May-June and August. 7 days.
28 days
21 days for May-June eggs, or overwinter till March

Milk Parsley

Swallowtail

Egg,


Caterpillar


Chrysalis

1 egg on leaf. 5 or 6 eggs may be deposited by separate females on one leaf.
Eats leaves, and moves to stems of sedges or other fen plants before pupating.
---

14 days in July-August.


August-September


September-May

Narrow-leaved Plantain (Ribwort Plantain)

Heath Fritillary

Egg,

Caterpillar



Chrysalis

Eggs laid in batches on the under side of the leaves.
Feeds on leaves until end of August. Hibernates on dead leaves until March. Eats young leaves until June.
---

Hatches after 16 days in June.
June-April.



25 days in June.

Narrow-leaved Plantain (Ribwort Plantain)

Glanville Fritillary

Egg,

Caterpillar



Chrysalis

Eggs laid in batches on the under side of the leaves.
Feeds on leaves until middle of August. Hibernates on dead leaves until March. Eats leaves until April-May.
---

Hatches after 16 days in June.
June-April.



25 days in April-May.

Nasturtium from Gardens

Small White

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

1 egg on underside of leaf.

Eats leaves.
---
 

May-June and August. 7 days.
28 days.
21 days for May-June eggs, or overwinter till March

Oak Tree

Silver-washed Fritillary

Egg,
Caterpillar



Chrysalis

1 egg on tree trunk
Hibernates in a crevice in the bark of the tree trunk.
Moves out of tree to eat Dog Violet leaves.
On rock or twig.

15 days in July.
August-March.

March-May.

Late June-July

Mountain pansy,
Seaside Pansy,
Field Pansy and Cultivated Pansy.
 

Queen of Spain Fritillary

Egg,

Caterpillar

 

Chrysalis

1 egg laid under the leaf or on top of the flower.
Eats leaves of borage, sainfoin and heartsease, then before pupating it eats the bloom and leaves of the pansies.
---

7 days in August.

23 days in August-September
 

3 weeks in September

Pine Tree

Silver-washed Fritillary

Egg,
Caterpillar



Chrysalis

1 egg on tree trunk.
Hibernates in a crevice in the bark of the tree trunk.
Moves out of tree to eat Dog Violet leaves.
On rock or twig.

15 days in July.
August-March.

March-May.

Late June-July

Plantains

Marsh Fritillary

Egg,

Caterpillar



Chrysalis

Eggs laid in batches on the under side of the leaves.
Feeds on leaves until late August. Hibernates on dead leaves until March. Eats leaves until May.
---

Hatches after 20 days in July.
July-May



15 days in May.

Poplar

Large Tortoiseshell

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

Eggs laid in batches encircling the branch of the food plant.
Feeds on leaves.
Hangs suspended from stem.

Hatches after 18-22 days in April.
30 days in May.
9 days in June.

Restharrow

Common Blue

Egg,

Caterpillar


Chrysalis

Groups of eggs on upper side of leaf.
Eats buds and flowers.


Base of food plant.

-
-
Spend winter at the base of the food plant. They resume feeding in March.
2 weeks

Rock-rose

Brown Argus

Egg,
Caterpillar

1 egg under leaf.
Eats leaves.

 

Sainfoin

Queen of Spain Fritillary

Egg,

Caterpillar


Chrysalis

1 egg laid under the leaf or on top of the flower.
Eats leaves, then before pupating it eats the bloom and leaves of the pansies.
---

7 days in August.

23 days in August-September

3 weeks in September

Common Sallow (Willows, Osiers)

Large Tortoiseshell

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

Eggs laid in batches encircling the branch of the food plant.
Feeds on leaves.
Hangs suspended from stem

Hatches after 18-22 days in April.
30 days in May.
9 days in June.

Sea Plantain

Glanville Fritillary

Egg,

Caterpillar



Chrysalis

Eggs laid in batches on the under side of the leaves.
Feeds on leaves until middle of August. Hibernates on dead leaves until March. Eats leaves until April-May.
---

Hatches after 16 days in June.
June-April



25 days in April-May.

Snowberry

Holly Blue

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

 

1 egg on underside of a flower bud on its stalk.
Eats flower bud.
---
 

7 days.

28-42 days.
18 days. Early September to Late April for second generation.

Spindle-tree

Holly Blue

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

 

1 egg on underside of a flower bud on its stalk.
Eats flower bud.
---

 

7 days.

28-42 days.
18 days. Early September to Late April for second generation.

Stinging Nettle

Comma




Painted Lady



Peacock

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

Egg
Caterpillar
Chrysalis

Egg,


Caterpillar

Chrysalis

Groups of eggs on upper side of leaf.
Eats leaves.
---

1 egg on leaf.
Eats leaves.
---

Dense mass of 450-500 eggs on the under side of leaves over a 2 hour period.
Eats leaves, and moves to another plant before pupating.
---






2 weeks in June.
7-11 days.
7-11 days.

14 days in April-May.


28 days.

13days.

Storksbill

Brown Argus

Egg,
Caterpillar

1 egg under leaf.
Eats leaves.

 

Thistles

Painted Lady

Egg,
Caterpillar
Chrysalis

1 egg on leaf.
Eats leaves.
---

2 weeks
7-11days
7-11 days

Trefoils 1, 2, 3

Clouded Yellow

Egg,
Caterpillar
Chrysalis

1 egg on leaf.
Eats leaves.
 

6 days in May-June.
30 days.
18 days in July-August.

Vetches

Common Blue

Egg,

Caterpillar


Chrysalis

Groups of eggs on upper side of leaf.
Eats buds and flowers.


Base of food plant.

-
-
Spend winter at the base of the food plant. They resume feeding in March.
2 weeks

Vetches

Wood White

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

1 egg laid on underside of leaflets or bracts.
Eats leaves.
---

7 days in June.

32 days in June-July.
July-May.

Violets:-
Common Dog Violet,
Hairy Violet,
Heath Dog-violet

Pale Dog violet
Sweet Violet

Dark Green Fritillary

Egg,

Caterpillar


Chrysalis

1 egg on underside of leaf or on stalk.
Hibernates where it hatches.
Eats leaves.

Base of food plant.

July-August for 17 days.

Spends winter on plant until end of March. Eats leaves until end of May.
4 weeks.

Violets:-
Common Dog Violet,
Hairy Violet,
Heath Dog-violet

Pale Dog violet
Sweet Violet

High Brown Fritillary

Egg,

Caterpillar

Chrysalis

1 egg on stem or stalk near plant base.
Feed on young leaves, stalks and stems
---

July to hatch in 8 months in March.
9 weeks ending in May.

4 weeks

Vipers Bugloss

Painted Lady

Egg,
Caterpillar
Chrysalis

1 egg on leaf.
Eats leaves.
---

2 weeks.
7-11days.
7-11 days

Whitebeam
(White Beam)

Large Tortoiseshell

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

Eggs laid in batches encircling the branch of the food plant.
Feeds on leaves.
Hangs suspended from stem.

Hatches after 18-22 days in April.
30 days in May.
9 days in June.

Wild Angelica

Swallowtail

Egg,


Caterpillar


Chrysalis

1 egg on leaf. 5 or 6 eggs may be deposited by separate females on one leaf.
Eats leaves, and moves to stems of sedges or other fen plants before pupating.
---

14 days in July-August.


August-September.


September-May

Willow
(Bay Willow)

Large Tortoiseshell

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

Eggs laid in batches encircling the branch of the food plant.
Feeds on leaves.
Hangs suspended from stem.

Hatches after 18-22 days in April.
30 days in May.
9 days in June.

Wood-Sage

Marsh Fritillary

Egg,

Caterpillar



Chrysalis

Eggs laid in batches on the under side of the leaves.
Feeds on leaves until late August. Hibernates on dead leaves until March. Eats leaves until May.
---

Hatches after 20 days in July.
July-May.



15 days in May.

 

Plants used by the Butterflies

Plant Name

Butterfly Name

Egg/ Caterpillar/ Chrysalis/ Butterfly

Plant Usage

Plant Usage Months

Asters
in gardens

Comma

Butterfly

Eats nectar.

 

Runner and Broad Beans in fields and gardens

Large White


Small White

Butterfly

Eats nectar

April-June or July-September.

March-May or June-September

Aubretia in gardens

Clouded Yellow

Butterfly

Eats nectar

May-June or August till killed by frost and damp in September-November

Birch

Holly Blue

Butterfly

Eats sap exuding from trunk.

April-Mid June and Mid July-Early September for second generation.

Common Birdsfoot Trefoil

Chalk-Hill Blue

Wood White

Marsh Fritillary

Butterfly

Eats nectar.

20 days.


May-June.

30 days in May-June.

Bitter Vetch

Wood White

Butterfly

Eats nectar

May-June

Bluebell

Holly Blue




Pearl-bordered Fritillary

Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary

Butterfly

Eats nectar

April-Mid June and Mid July-Early September for second generation.


June.



June-August.

Bramble

Comma

Silver-washed Fritillary

High Brown Fritillary

Butterfly

Eats nectar.

July-October.

7 weeks in July-August.



June-August

Buddleias
in gardens

Comma

Peacock

Butterfly

Eats nectar.

July-October.

July-May

Bugle

Wood White

Pearl-bordered Fritillary

Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary

Heath Fritillary

Butterfly

Eats nectar

May-June.

June.



June-August.



June-July.

Cabbage and cabbages in fields

Large White


Small White


Green-veined White

Orange Tip

Butterfly

Eats nectar

April-June or July-September.

March-May or June-September.

A Month during May-June or second flight in late July-August.

May-June for 18 days.

Charlock

Painted Lady

Butterfly

Eats nectar

July-October

Clovers 1, 2, 3

Adonis Blue



Chalk-Hill Blue

Painted Lady

Peacock

Large White


Small White

Butterfly

Eats nectar.

1 Month during Mid-May to Mid-June or during August-September

20 days in August.


July-October.

July-May.

April-June or July-September.

March-May or June-September

Clovers 1, 2, 3

Pale Clouded Yellow


Clouded Yellow


Berger's Clouded Yellow


Queen of Spain Fritillary

Butterfly

Eats nectar

May-June or August till killed by frost and damp in September-November

May-June or August till killed by frost and damp in September-November.

1 Month in May-June or August till killed by frost and damp in September-November.

May-September.

Cow-wheat
(Common CowWheat, Field CowWheat)

Heath Fritillary

Butterfly

Eats nectar

June-July

Cuckoo Flower (Lady's Smock)

Wood White

Butterfly

Eats nectar

May-June

Dandelion

Holly Blue



Marsh Fritillary

Butterfly

Eats nectar

April-Mid June and Mid July-Early September for second generation.

30 days in May-June.

Fleabanes

Common Blue

Butterfly

Eats nectar.

3 weeks between May and September

Germander Speedwell (Veronica chamaedrys - Birdseye Speedwell)

Heath Fritillary

Butterfly

Eats nectar

June-July

Greater Knapweed

Comma

Peacock

Clouded Yellow


Brimstone

Butterfly

Eats nectar.

July-October.

July-May.

May-June or August till killed by frost and damp in September-November.

12 months

Hawkbit

Marsh Fritillary

Butterfly

Eats nectar

30 days in May-June.

Heartsease

Queen of Spain Fritillary

Butterfly

Eats nectar

May-September

Hedge Parsley

Orange Tip

Butterfly

Eats nectar.

May-June for 18 days.

Hemp agrimony

Comma

Butterfly

Eats nectar.

July-October

Horseshoe vetch

Adonis Blue

Chalk-Hill Blue

Butterfly

Eats nectar.

1 Month.

20 days

Ivy

Painted Lady

Brimstone

Butterfly

Eats nectar.

Hibernates during winter months in its foliage.

July-October.

October-July

Lucerne

Painted Lady

Large White


Small White


Pale Clouded Yellow


Clouded Yellow


Berger's Clouded Yellow

Butterfly

Eats nectar

July-October.

April-June or July-September.

March-May or June-September

May-June or August till killed by frost and damp in September-November.

May-June or August till killed by frost and damp in September-November.

1 Month in May-June or August till killed by frost and damp in September-November

Marigolds in gardens

Clouded Yellow

Butterfly

Eats nectar

May-June or August till killed by frost and damp in September-November

Marjoram

Adonis Blue



Chalk-Hill Blue

Common Blue

Clouded Yellow

Butterfly

Eats nectar.

1 Month during Mid-May to Mid-June or during August-September.

20 days in August.


3 weeks in May-September.

May-June or August till killed by frost and damp in September-November

Michaelmas Daisies
in gardens

Comma

Butterfly

Eats nectar.

July-October

Mignonettes

Large White


Small White

Butterfly

Eats nectar

April-June or July-September.

March-May or June-September

Narrow-leaved Plantain (Ribwort Plantain)

Heath Fritillary

Butterfly

Eats nectar

June-July

Nasturtiums in gardens

Large White


Small White

Butterfly

Eats nectar

April-June or July-September

March-May or June-September

Oak Tree

Holly Blue

Butterfly

Eats sap exuding from trunk.

April-Mid June and Mid July-Early September for second generation.

Primroses

Pearl-bordered Fritillary

Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary

Butterfly

Eats nectar

June.



June-August.

Ragged Robin

Wood White

Heath Fritillary

Butterfly

Eats nectar

May-June.

June-July.

Scabious

Painted Lady

Peacock

Butterfly

Eats nectar

July-October.

July-May

Sedum

Peacock

Butterfly

Eats nectar

July-May

Teasels

Silver-washed Fritillary

Butterfly

Eats nectar

7 weeks in July-August.

Thistles -
Creeping Thistle, Dwarf Thistle, Marsh Thistle, Meadow Thistle, Melancholy Thistle, Milk Thistle,
Musk Thistle, Seaside Thistle, Scotch Thistle, Spear Thistle, Tuberous Thistle, Welted Thistle, Woolly Thistle

Comma

Painted Lady

Peacock

Swallowtail

Clouded Yellow


Brimstone

Silver-washed Fritillary

High Brown Fritillary

Dark Green Fritillary

Queen of Spain Fritillary

Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary

Butterfly

Eats nectar.

July-October.

July-October.

July-May.

May-July.

May-June or August till killed by frost and damp in September-November.

12 months.

7 weeks in July-August



June-August.


July-August for 6 weeks.


May-September.



June-August.

Thymes

Common Blue

Butterfly

Eats nectar.

3 weeks between May and September

Trefoils 1, 2, 3

Adonis Blue



Chalk-Hill Blue

Glanville Fritillary

Butterfly

 

Eats nectar.
 

1 Month during Mid-May to Mid-June or during August-September

20 days in August.


June-July

Vetches

Chalk-Hill Blue

Glanville Fritillary

Butterfly

Eats nectar.

20 days in August.


June-July.

Violets

Pearl-bordered Fritillary

Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary

Butterfly

Eats nectar

June.



June-August.

Wood-Sage

Heath Fritillary

Butterfly

Eats nectar

June-July

Apple/Pear/Cherry/Plum Fruit Tree Blossom in Spring

Peacock

Butterfly

Eats Nectar

April-May

Rotten Fruit

Peacock

Butterfly

Drinks juice

July-September

Tree sap and damaged ripe fruit, which are high in sugar

Large Tortoiseshell

Butterfly

Hibernates inside hollow trees or outhouses until March. Eats sap or fruit juice until April.

10 months in June-April

Wild Flowers

Large Skipper

Brimstone

Silver-washed Fritillary.

Queen of Spain Fritillary

Butterfly

Eats Nectar

June-August


12 months.

7 weeks in July-August.



May-September

Links to the other Butterflies:-

Black Hairstreak uses Blackthorn, Privet, Guelder Rose, and Wayfaring tree
Brown Hairstreak
Camberwell Beauty
Chequered Skipper
Dingy Skipper
Duke of Burgundy
Essex Skipper
Gatekeeper
Grayling
Green Hairstreak
Grizzled Skipper
Hedge Brown
Large Blue
Large Heath
Long-tailed Blue
Lulworth Skipper
Marbled White
Mazarine Blue
Meadow Brown
Monarch
Northern Brown Argus
Purple Emperor
Purple Hairstreak
Red Admiral
Ringlet
Scotch Argus
Short-tailed Blue
Silver-spotted Skipper
Silver-studded Blue
Small Copper
Small Heath
Small Mountain Ringlet
Small Skipper
Small Tortoiseshell
Speckled Wood
Wall Brown
White Admiral
White-letter Hairstreak

 

Topic -
Case Studies
...Drive Foundations
Ryegrass and turf kills plants within Roadstone and in Topsoil due to it starving and dehydrating them.
CEDAdrive creates stable drive surface and drains rain into your ground, rather than onto the public road.
8 problems caused by building house on clay or with house-wall attached to clay.
Pre-building work on polluted soil.

Companion Planting
...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants
to provide a Companion Plant to aid your selected plant or deter its pests

Garden
Construction

with ground drains
Garden Design
...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed
Borders

......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants
......Camera photos of Plant supports
Garden
Maintenance

Glossary with a tomato teaching cauliflowers
Home
Library of over 1000 books
Offbeat Glossary with DuLally Bird in its flower clock.

Plants
...in Chalk
(Alkaline) Soil
......A-F1, A-F2,
......A-F3, G-L, M-R,
......M-R Roses, S-Z
...in Heavy
Clay Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...in Lime-Free
(Acid) Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...in Light
Sand Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z.
...Poisonous Plants.
...Extra Plant Pages
with its 6 Plant Selection Levels

Soil
...
Interaction between 2 Quartz Sand Grains to make soil
...
How roots of plants are in control in the soil
...
Without replacing Soil Nutrients, the soil will break up to only clay, sand or silt
...
Subsidence caused by water in Clay
...
Use water ring for trees/shrubs for first 2 years.

Tool Shed with 3 kneeling pads
Useful Data with benefits of Seaweed

 

Topic -
Plant Photo Galleries

If the plant type below has flowers, then the first gallery will include the flower thumbnail in each month of 1 of 6 or 7 flower colour comparison pages of each plant in its subsidiary galleries, as a low-level Plant Selection Process
Aquatic
Bamboo
Bedding
...by Flower Shape



Bulb with its 7 Flower Colours per Month Comparison Pages
...Allium/ Anemone
...Autumn
...Colchicum/ Crocus
...Dahlia
...Gladiolus with its 40 Flower Colours
......European A-E
......European F-M
......European N-Z
......Eur Non-classified
......American A
......American B
......American C
......American D
......American E
......American F
......American G
......American H
......American I
......American J
......American K
......American L
......American M
......American N
......American O
......American P
......American Q
......American R
......American S
......American T
......American U
......American V
......American W
......American XYZ
......Ame Non-classified
......Australia - empty
......India
......Lithuania
...Hippeastrum/ Lily
...Late Summer
...Narcissus
...Spring
...Tulip
...Winter
...Each of the above ...Bulb Galleries has its own set of Flower Colour Pages
...Flower Shape
...Bulb Form

...Bulb Use

...Bulb in Soil


Further details on bulbs from the Infill Galleries:-
Hardy Bulbs
...Aconitum
...Allium
...Alstroemeria
...Anemone

...Amaryllis
...Anthericum
...Antholyzas
...Apios
...Arisaema
...Arum
...Asphodeline

...Asphodelus
...Belamcanda
...Bloomeria
...Brodiaea
...Bulbocodium

...Calochorti
...Cyclobothrias
...Camassia
...Colchicum
...Convallaria 
...Forcing Lily of the Valley
...Corydalis
...Crinum
...Crosmia
...Montbretia
...Crocus

...Cyclamen
...Dicentra
...Dierama
...Eranthis
...Eremurus
...Erythrnium
...Eucomis

...Fritillaria
...Funkia
...Galanthus
...Galtonia
...Gladiolus
...Hemerocallis

...Hyacinth
...Hyacinths in Pots
...Scilla
...Puschkinia
...Chionodoxa
...Chionoscilla
...Muscari

...Iris
...Kniphofia
...Lapeyrousia
...Leucojum

...Lilium
...Lilium in Pots
...Malvastrum
...Merendera
...Milla
...Narcissus
...Narcissi in Pots

...Ornithogalum
...Oxalis
...Paeonia
...Ranunculus
...Romulea
...Sanguinaria
...Sternbergia
...Schizostylis
...Tecophilaea
...Trillium

...Tulip
...Zephyranthus

Half-Hardy Bulbs
...Acidanthera
...Albuca
...Alstroemeri
...Andro-stephium
...Bassers
...Boussing-aultias
...Bravoas
...Cypellas
...Dahlias
...Galaxis,
...Geissorhizas
...Hesperanthas

...Gladioli
...Ixias
...Sparaxises
...Babianas
...Morphixias
...Tritonias

...Ixiolirions
...Moraeas
...Ornithogalums
...Oxalises
...Phaedra-nassas
...Pancratiums
...Tigridias
...Zephyranthes
...Cooperias

Uses of Bulbs:-
...for Bedding
...in Windowboxes
...in Border
...naturalized in Grass
...in Bulb Frame
...in Woodland Garden
...in Rock Garden
...in Bowls
...in Alpine House
...Bulbs in Greenhouse or Stove:-
...Achimenes
...Alocasias
...Amorpho-phalluses
...Arisaemas
...Arums
...Begonias
...Bomareas
...Caladiums

...Clivias
...Colocasias
...Crinums
...Cyclamens
...Cyrtanthuses
...Eucharises
...Urceocharis
...Eurycles

...Freesias
...Gloxinias
...Haemanthus
...Hippeastrums

...Lachenalias
...Nerines
...Lycorises
...Pencratiums
...Hymenocallises
...Richardias
...Sprekelias
...Tuberoses
...Vallotas
...Watsonias
...Zephyranthes

...Plant Bedding in
......Spring

......Summer
...Bulb houseplants flowering inside House during:-
......January
......February
......March
......April
......May
......June
......July
......August
......September
......October
......November
......December
...Bulbs and other types of plant flowering during:-
......Dec-Jan
......Feb-Mar
......Apr-May
......Jun-Aug
......Sep-Oct
......Nov-Dec
...Selection of the smaller and choicer plants for the Smallest of Gardens with plant flowering during the same 6 periods as in the previous selection


Climber in
3 Sector Vertical Plant System
...Clematis
...Climbers
Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
...Shrubs - Decid
Deciduous Tree
...Trees - Decid
Evergreen Perennial
...P-Evergreen A-L
...P-Evergreen M-Z
...Flower Shape
Evergreen Shrub
...Shrubs - Evgr
...Heather Shrub
Evergreen Tree
...Trees - Evgr
Fern
Grass
Hedging
Herbaceous
Perennial

...P -Herbaceous
...Peony
...Flower Shape
...RHS Wisley
......Mixed Border
......Other Borders
Herb
Odds and Sods
Rhododendron

Rose
...RHS Wisley A-F
...RHS Wisley G-R
...RHS Wisley S-Z
...Rose Use - page links in row 6. Rose, RHS Wisley and Other Roses rose indices on each Rose Use page
...Other Roses A-F
...Other Roses G-R
...Other Roses S-Z
Pruning Methods
Photo Index
R 1, 2, 3
Peter Beales Roses
RV Roger
Roses

Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
...Apple

...Cherry
...Pear
Vegetable
Wild Flower and
Butterfly page links are in next row


Topic -
Butterflies in the UK mostly use native UK wildflowers.

Butterfly Species.

Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly Usage
of Plants.

Plant Usage by
Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly.

Wild Flower
with its
flower colour page,
space,
Site Map page in its flower colour NOTE Gallery
...Blue Note
...Brown Botanical Names
...Cream Common Names
...Green Note
...Mauve Note
...Multi-Cols Note
...Orange Note
...Pink A-G Note
...Pink H-Z Note
...Purple Note
...Red Note
...White A-D Note
...White E-P Note
...White Q-Z Note
...Yellow A-G Note
...Yellow H-Z Note
...Shrub/Tree Note

Poisonous
Wildflower Plants.


You know its name, use
Wild Flower Plant Index a-h, i-p, q-z.
You know which habitat it lives in, use
on
Acid Soil,
on
Calcareous
(Chalk) Soil
,
on
Marine Soil,
on
Neutral Soil,
is a
Fern,
is a
Grass,
is a
Rush, or
is a
Sedge.
You have seen its flower, use Comparison Pages containing Wild Flower Plants and Cultivated Plants in the
Colour Wheel Gallery.

Each plant named in each of the 180 Wildflower Family Pages within their 23 Galleries may have a link to:-
1) its Plant Description Page in its Common Name column in one of those Wildflower Plant Galleries and will have links,
2) to external sites to purchase the plant or seed in its Botanical Name column,
3) to see photos in its Flowering Months column and
4) to read habitat details in its Habitat Column.

WILD FLOWER FAMILY PAGE MENU
(o)Adder's Tongue
Amaranth
(o)Arrow-Grass
(o)Arum
(o)Balsam
Bamboo
(o)Barberry
(o)Bedstraw
(o)Beech
(o)Bellflower
(o)Bindweed
(o)Birch
(o)Birds-Nest
(o)Birthwort
(o)Bogbean
(o)Bog Myrtle
(o)Borage
(o)Box
(o)Broomrape
(o)Buckthorn
(o)Buddleia
(o)Bur-reed
(o)Buttercup
(o)Butterwort
(o)Cornel (Dogwood)
(o)Crowberry
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 1
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2
Cypress
(o)Daffodil
(o)Daisy
(o)Daisy Cudweeds
(o)Daisy Chamomiles
(o)Daisy Thistle
(o)Daisy Catsears (o)Daisy Hawkweeds
(o)Daisy Hawksbeards
(o)Daphne
(o)Diapensia
(o)Dock Bistorts
(o)Dock Sorrels
(o)Clubmoss
(o)Duckweed
(o)Eel-Grass
(o)Elm
(o)Filmy Fern
(o)Horsetail
(o)Polypody
Quillwort
(o)Royal Fern
(o)Figwort - Mulleins
(o)Figwort - Speedwells
(o)Flax
(o)Flowering-Rush
(o)Frog-bit
(o)Fumitory
(o)Gentian
(o)Geranium
(o)Glassworts
(o)Gooseberry
(o)Goosefoot
(o)Grass 1
(o)Grass 2
(o)Grass 3
(o)Grass Soft
Bromes 1

(o)Grass Soft
Bromes 2

(o)Grass Soft
Bromes 3

(o)Hazel
(o)Heath
(o)Hemp
(o)Herb-Paris
(o)Holly
(o)Honeysuckle
(o)Horned-Pondweed
(o)Hornwort
(o)Iris
(o)Ivy
(o)Jacobs Ladder
(o)Lily
(o)Lily Garlic
(o)Lime
(o)Lobelia
(o)Loosestrife
(o)Mallow
(o)Maple
(o)Mares-tail
(o)Marsh Pennywort
(o)Melon (Gourd/Cucumber)
(o)Mesem-bryanthemum
(o)Mignonette
(o)Milkwort
(o)Mistletoe
(o)Moschatel
Naiad
(o)Nettle
(o)Nightshade
(o)Oleaster
(o)Olive
(o)Orchid 1
(o)Orchid 2
(o)Orchid 3
(o)Orchid 4
(o)Parnassus-Grass
(o)Peaflower
(o)Peaflower
Clover 1

(o)Peaflower
Clover 2

(o)Peaflower
Clover 3

(o)Peaflower Vetches/Peas
Peony
(o)Periwinkle
Pillwort
Pine
(o)Pink 1
(o)Pink 2
Pipewort
(o)Pitcher-Plant
(o)Plantain
(o)Pondweed
(o)Poppy
(o)Primrose
(o)Purslane
Rannock Rush
(o)Reedmace
(o)Rockrose
(o)Rose 1
(o)Rose 2
(o)Rose 3
(o)Rose 4
(o)Rush
(o)Rush Woodrushes
(o)Saint Johns Wort
Saltmarsh Grasses
(o)Sandalwood
(o)Saxifrage
Seaheath
(o)Sea Lavender
(o)Sedge Rush-like
(o)Sedges Carex 1
(o)Sedges Carex 2
(o)Sedges Carex 3
(o)Sedges Carex 4
(o)Spindle-Tree
(o)Spurge
(o)Stonecrop
(o)Sundew
(o)Tamarisk
Tassel Pondweed
(o)Teasel
(o)Thyme 1
(o)Thyme 2
(o)Umbellifer 1
(o)Umbellifer 2
(o)Valerian
(o)Verbena
(o)Violet
(o)Water Fern
(o)Waterlily
(o)Water Milfoil
(o)Water Plantain
(o)Water Starwort
Waterwort
(o)Willow
(o)Willow-Herb
(o)Wintergreen
(o)Wood-Sorrel
(o)Yam
(o)Yew


Topic -
The following is a complete hierarchical Plant Selection Process

dependent on the Garden Style chosen
Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form
Index


Topic -
Plant Selection Process comparing relevant plants of all types within each of the number of colours for each Flower or Foliage Colour Gallery.

All Flowers 53 with
...Use of Plant and
Flower Shape
- page links in next row

All Foliage 53
instead of redundant
...(All Foliage 212)


All Flowers
per Month 12


Bee instead of wind pollinated plants for hay-fever sufferers
All Bee-Pollinated Flowers
per Month
12
...Index

Rock Garden and Alpine Flowers
Rock Plant Flowers 53

...Rock Plant Photos

Flower Colour Wheel without photos, but with links to photos
12 Bloom Colours
per Month Index

...All Plants Index


Topic -
Use of Plant in your Plant Selection Process

Plant Colour Wheel Uses
with
1. Perfect general use soil is composed of 8.3% lime, 16.6% humus, 25% clay and 50% sand, and
2. Why you are continually losing the SOIL STRUCTURE so your soil - will revert to clay, chalk, sand or silt.
Uses of Plant and Flower Shape:-
...Foliage Only
...Other than Green Foliage
...Trees in Lawn
...Trees in Small Gardens
...Wildflower Garden
...Attract Bird
...Attract Butterfly
1
, 2
...Climber on House Wall
...Climber not on House Wall
...Climber in Tree
...Rabbit-Resistant
...Woodland
...Pollution Barrier
...Part Shade
...Full Shade
...Single Flower provides Pollen for Bees
1
, 2, 3
...Ground-Cover
<60
cm
60-180cm
>180cm
...Hedge
...Wind-swept
...Covering Banks
...Patio Pot
...Edging Borders
...Back of Border
...Poisonous
...Adjacent to Water
...Bog Garden
...Tolerant of Poor Soil
...Winter-Flowering
...Fragrant
...Not Fragrant
...Exhibition
...Standard Plant is 'Ball on Stick'
...Upright Branches or Sword-shaped leaves
...Plant to Prevent Entry to Human or Animal
...Coastal Conditions
...Tolerant on North-facing Wall
...Cut Flower
...Potted Veg Outdoors
...Potted Veg Indoors
...Thornless
...Raised Bed Outdoors Veg
...Grow in Alkaline Soil A-F, G-L, M-R,
S-Z
...Grow in Acidic Soil
...Grow in Any Soil
...Grow in Rock Garden
...Grow Bulbs Indoors

Uses of Bedding
...Bedding Out
...Filling In
...Screen-ing
...Pots and Troughs
...Window Boxes
...Hanging Baskets
...Spring Bedding
...Summer Bedding
...Winter Bedding
...Foliage instead of Flower
...Coleus Bedding Photos for use in Public Domain 1

Uses of Bulb
...Other than Only Green Foliage
...Bedding or Mass Planting
...Ground-Cover
...Cut-Flower
...Tolerant of Shade
...In Woodland Areas
...Under-plant
...Tolerant of Poor Soil
...Covering Banks
...In Water
...Beside Stream or Water Garden
...Coastal Conditions
...Edging Borders
...Back of Border or Back-ground Plant
...Fragrant Flowers
...Not Fragrant Flowers
...Indoor
House-plant

...Grow in a Patio Pot
...Grow in an Alpine Trough
...Grow in an Alpine House
...Grow in Rock Garden
...Speciman Plant
...Into Native Plant Garden
...Naturalize in Grass
...Grow in Hanging Basket
...Grow in Window-box
...Grow in Green-house
...Grow in Scree
...Naturalized Plant Area
...Grow in Cottage Garden
...Attracts Butterflies
...Attracts Bees
...Resistant to Wildlife
...Bulb in Soil:-
......Chalk
......Clay
......Sand
......Lime-Free (Acid)
......Peat

Uses of Rose
...Bedding
...Climber /Pillar
...Cut-Flower
...Exhibition, Speciman
...Ground-Cover
...Grow In A Container
...Hedge
...Climber in Tree
...Woodland
...Edging Borders
...Tolerant of Poor Soil
...Tolerant of Shade
...Back of Border
...Adjacent to Water
...Page for rose use as ARCH ROSE, PERGOLA ROSE, COASTAL CONDITIONS ROSE, WALL ROSE, STANDARD ROSE, COVERING BANKS or THORNLESS ROSES.
...FRAGRANT ROSES
...NOT FRAGRANT ROSES


Topic -
Camera Photo Galleries showing all 4000 x 3000 pixels of each photo on your screen that you can then click and drag it to your desktop as part of a Plant Selection Process:-

RHS Garden at Wisley

Plant Supports -
When supporting plants in a bed, it is found that not only do those plants grow upwards, but also they expand their roots and footpad sideways each year. Pages
1
, 2, 3, 8, 11,
12, 13,
Plants 4, 7, 10,
Bedding Plants 5,
Plant Supports for Unknown Plants 5
,
Clematis Climbers 6,
the RHS does not appear to either follow it's own pruning advice or advice from The Pruning of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers by George E. Brown.
ISBN 0-571-11084-3 with the plants in Pages 1-7 of this folder. You can see from looking at both these resources as to whether the pruning carried out on the remainder of the plants in Pages 7-15 was correct.

Narcissus (Daffodil) 9,
Phlox Plant Supports 14, 15

Coleus Bedding Foliage Trial - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13, 14, 15,
16, 17, 18, 19, 20,
21, 22, 23, 24, 25,
26, 27, 28, 29, 30,
31, 32, Index

National Trust Garden at Sissinghurst Castle
Plant Supports -
Pages for Gallery 1

with Plant Supports
1, 5, 10
Plants
2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9,
11, 12
Recommended Rose Pruning Methods 13
Pages for Gallery 2
with Plant Supports
2
,
Plants 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

Dry Garden of
RHS Garden at
Hyde Hall

Plants - Pages
without Plant Supports
Plants 1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

Nursery of
Peter Beales Roses
Display Garden

Roses Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13

Nursery of
RV Roger

Roses - Pages
A1,A2,A3,A4,A5,
A6,A7,A8,A9,A10,
A11,A12,A13,A14,
B15,
B16,B17,B18,B19,
B20,
B21,B22,B23,B24,
B25,
B26,B27,B28,B29,
B30,
C31,C32,C33,C34,
C35,
C36,C37,C38,C39,
C40,
C41,CD2,D43,D44,
D45,
D46,D47,D48,D49,
E50,
E51,E52,F53,F54,
F55,
F56,F57,G58,G59,
H60,
H61,I62,K63,L64,
M65,
M66,N67,P68,P69,
P70,
R71,R72,S73,S74,
T75,
V76,Z77, 78,

Damage by Plants in Chilham Village - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4

Pavements of Funchal, Madeira
Damage to Trees - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13
for trees 1-54,
14, 15,
16, 17, 18, 19, 20,
21, 22, 23, 24, 25,
for trees 55-95,
26, 27, 28, 29, 30,
31, 32, 33, 34, 35,
36, 37,
for trees 95-133,
38, 39, 40,
41, 42, 43, 44, 45,
for trees 133-166

Chris Garnons-Williams
Work Done - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13

Identity of Plants
Label Problems - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11

Ron and Christine Foord - 1036 photos only inserted so far - Garden Flowers - Start Page of each Gallery
AB1 ,AN14,BA27,
CH40,CR52,DR63,
FR74,GE85,HE96,

Plant with Photo Index of Ivydene Gardens - 1187
A 1, 2, Photos - 43
B 1, Photos - 13
C 1, Photos - 35
D 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7,
Photos - 411
with Plants causing damage to buildings in Chilham Village and Damage to Trees in Pavements of Funchal
E 1, Photos - 21
F 1, Photos - 1
G 1, Photos - 5
H 1, Photos - 21
I 1, Photos - 8
J 1, Photos - 1
K 1, Photos - 1
L 1, Photos - 85
with Label Problems
M 1, Photos - 9
N 1, Photos - 12
O 1, Photos - 5
P 1, Photos - 54
Q 1, Photos -
R 1, 2, 3,
Photos - 229
S 1, Photos - 111
T 1, Photos - 13
U 1, Photos - 5
V 1, Photos - 4
W 1, Photos - 100
with Work Done by Chris Garnons-Williams
X 1 Photos -
Y 1, Photos -
Z 1 Photos -
Articles/Items in Ivydene Gardens - 88
Flower Colour, Num of Petals, Shape and
Plant Use of:-
Rock Garden
within linked page


Topic -
Fragrant Plants as a Plant Selection Process for your sense of smell:-

Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an Acid Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
1
, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3
Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves
1
, 2
Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5
Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit
1
, 2, 3
Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2
Night-scented Flowering Plants
1
, 2


Topic -
Website User Guidelines


My Gas Service Engineer found Flow and Return pipes incorrectly positioned on gas boilers and customers had refused to have positioning corrected in 2020.

BLUE WILD FLOWER GALLERY
PAGE MENU

 

FLOWER COLOUR Comparison Page,
space,
Site Map page in its flower colour
NOTE Gallery with Continuation Pages from Page 2

...Blue - its page links in next 4 columns.
Use of Plant with Flowers

...Brown Botanical Names

...Cream Common Names, Coastal and Dunes, Sandy Shores and Dunes

...Green Broad-leaved Woods

...Mauve Grassland - Acid, Neutral, Chalk

...Multi-Cols Heaths and Moors

...Orange Hedgerows and Verges

...Pink A-G Lakes, Canals and Rivers

...Pink H-Z Marshes, Fens, Bogs

...Purple Old Buildings and Walls

...Red Pinewoods

...White A-D Saltmarshes. Shingle Beaches, Rocks and Cliff Tops

...White E-P Other

...White Q-Z Number of Petals


...Yellow A-G Pollinator

...Yellow H-Z Poisonous Parts

...Shrub/Tree River Banks and Other Freshwater Margins

BLUE WILD FLOWER GALLERY
PAGE MENU

 

Lists of:-

Edible Plant Parts.

Flower Legend.

Food for
Butterfly/Moth
.

Flowering plants of Chalk and Limestone Page 1
Page 2

Flowering plants of Acid Soil
Page 1

SEED COLOUR
Seed 1
Seed 2

BLUE WILD FLOWER GALLERY
PAGE MENU

 

Habitat Lists:-

Coastal and Dunes.

Broad-leaved
Woods
.

Grassland - Acid, Neutral, Chalk.

Heaths and Moors.

Hedgerows and Verges.

Lakes, Canals and Rivers.

Marshes, Fens,
Bogs
.

Old Buildings and Walls.

Pinewoods.

River Banks and
other Freshwater Margins
.

Saltmarshes.

Sandy Shores and Dunes.

Shingle Beaches, Rocks and
Cliff Tops
.

Other.
 

BLUE WILD FLOWER GALLERY
PAGE MENU

 

Number of Petals
List:-
Without Petals.
Other plants
without flowers.
1 Petal or
Composite of
many 1 Petal
Flowers as Disc
or Ray Floret .
2 Petals.
3 Petals.
4 Petals.
5 Petals.
6 Petals.
Over 6 Petals.

BLUE WILD FLOWER GALLERY
PAGE MENU

 

Lists of:-

Pollinator.

Poisonous Parts.

Scented Flower, Foliage, Root.

Story of their Common Names.

Use of Plant with Flowers

Use for
Non-Flowering
Plants

ADDER'S TONGUE TO BORAGE WILD FLOWER GALLERY
PAGE MENU


Site Map of pages
with content (o)

Introduction

 

 

 

 

 

WILD FLOWER GALLERY
PAGE MENU

Site Map of pages with content (o)

Introduction

Poisonous Plants


INDEX LINK TO WILDFLOWER PLANT DESCRIPTION PAGE
a-h
i-p
q-z


FLOWER COLOUR
(o)Blue
(o)Brown
(o)Cream
(o)Green
(o)Mauve
(o)Multi-Coloured
Orange
(o)Pink 1
(o)Pink 2
(o)Purple
(o)Red
(o)White1
(o)White2
(o)White3
(o)Yelow1
(o)Yelow2
(o)Shrub or Small Tree


SEED COLOUR
(o)Seed 1
(o)Seed 2

BED PICTURES
(o)Bed

HABITAT TABLES
Flowers in
Acid Soil

Flowers in
Chalk Soil

Flowers in
Marine Soil

Flowers in
Neutral Soil

Ferns
Grasses
Rushes
Sedges

WILDFLOWER INDEX
Botanical Name
Common Name
 

 

See Explanation of Structure of this Website with User Guidelines to aid your use of this website.

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 1


(o)Adder's Tongue
Amaranth
(o)Arrow-Grass
(o)Arum
(o)Balsam
Bamboo
(o)Barberry
(o)Bedstraw
(o)Beech
(o)Bellflower
(o)Bindweed
(o)Birch
(o)Birds-Nest
(o)Birthwort
(o)Bogbean
(o)Bog Myrtle
(o)Borage
(o)Box
(o)Broomrape
(o)Buckthorn
(o)Buddleia
(o)Bur-reed
(o)Buttercup
(o)Butterwort
(o)Cornel (Dogwood)
(o)Crowberry
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 1
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2
Cypress
(o)Daffodil
(o)Daisy
(o)Daisy Cudweeds
(o)Daisy Chamomiles
(o)Daisy Thistle
(o)Daisy Catsears (o)Daisy Hawkweeds
(o)Daisy Hawksbeards
(o)Daphne
(o)Diapensia
(o)Dock Bistorts
(o)Dock Sorrels

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 2


(o)Clubmoss
(o)Duckweed
(o)Eel-Grass
(o)Elm
(o)Filmy Fern
(o)Horsetail
(o)Polypody
Quillwort
(o)Royal Fern
(o)Figwort - Mulleins
(o)Figwort - Speedwells
Family

(o)Flax
(o)Flowering-Rush
(o)Frog-bit
(o)Fumitory
(o)Gentian
(o)Geranium
(o)Glassworts
(o)Gooseberry
(o)Goosefoot
(o)Grass 1
(o)Grass 2
(o)Grass 3
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 1
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 2
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 3 (o)Hazel
(o)Heath
(o)Hemp
(o)Herb-Paris
(o)Holly
(o)Honeysuckle
(o)Horned-Pondweed
(o)Hornwort
(o)Iris
(o)Ivy
(o)Jacobs Ladder
(o)Lily
(o)Lily Garlic
(o)Lime
(o)Lobelia
(o)Loosestrife
(o)Mallow
(o)Maple
(o)Mares-tail
(o)Marsh Pennywort
(o)Melon (Gourd/Cucumber)
 

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 3


(o)Mesem-
bryanthemum

(o)Mignonette
(o)Milkwort
(o)Mistletoe
(o)Moschatel
Naiad
(o)Nettle
(o)Nightshade
(o)Oleaster
(o)Olive
(o)Orchid 1
(o)Orchid 2
(o)Orchid 3
(o)Orchid 4
(o)Parnassus-
Grass

(o)Peaflower
(o)Peaflower
Clover 1

(o)Peaflower
Clover 2

(o)Peaflower
Clover 3

(o)Peaflower
Vetches/Peas

Peony
(o)Periwinkle
Pillwort
Pine
(o)Pink 1
(o)Pink 2
Pipewort
(o)Pitcher-Plant
(o)Plantain
(o)Pondweed
(o)Poppy
(o)Primrose
(o)Purslane
Rannock Rush
(o)Reedmace
(o)Rockrose
(o)Rose 1
(o)Rose 2
(o)Rose 3
(o)Rose 4
(o)Rush
(o)Rush Woodrushes
(o)Saint Johns Wort
Saltmarsh Grasses
(o)Sandalwood
(o)Saxifrage
 

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 4


Seaheath
(o)Sea Lavender
(o)Sedge Rush-like
(o)Sedges Carex 1
(o)Sedges Carex 2
(o)Sedges Carex 3
(o)Sedges Carex 4
(o)Spindle-Tree
(o)Spurge
(o)Stonecrop
(o)Sundew
(o)Tamarisk
Tassel Pondweed
(o)Teasel
(o)Thyme 1
(o)Thyme 2
(o)Umbellifer 1
(o)Umbellifer 2
(o)Valerian
(o)Verbena
(o)Violet
(o)Water Fern
(o)Waterlily
(o)Water Milfoil
(o)Water Plantain
(o)Water Starwort
Waterwort
(o)Willow
(o)Willow-Herb
(o)Wintergreen
(o)Wood-Sorrel
(o)Yam
(o)Yew

The English Flower Garden Design, Arrangement, and Plans followed by A description of all the best plants for it and their culture and the positions fitted for them By W. Robinson Author of the "Wild Garden". Fourth Edition. Published by John Murray in London in 1895 is a useful source of culture and positions for them, as is
The Gardener' Golden Treasury incorporating Sanders Encyclopedia of Gardening. Revised by A.G.L. Hellyer and published in 1960 by W.H. & L. Collingridge Limited.

Botanical Names with Common Name, Wild Flower Family, Flower Colour and Form Index of each of all the Wildflowers of the UK in 1965 are in Brown Wildflower Gallery with page links in the top row.
Common Names with Botanical Name, Wild Flower Family, Flower Colour and Form Index of each of all the Wildflowers of the UK in 1965 are in Cream Wildflower Gallery with page links in the top row.
Plant description, culture, propagation and photos/illustrations will be provided for every wildflower plant (February 2021) in these 2 galleries.

 

See Wildflower Common Name Index link Table for more wildflower of the UK common names - from Adder's Tongue to the Goosefoot Family - together with their names in languages from America, Finland, France, Germany, Holland, Italy, Poland, Portugal, Spain and Sweden.
See Wildflower Botanical Name Index link table for wildflower of the United Kingdom (Great Britain) botanical names, from Adder's Tongue to the Goosefoot Family.
Neither of the above 2 pages will be further updated, due to 1. Running out of space on each of the pages and 2. being replaced by the Botanical Names and Common Names Galleries from July 2020.
After clicking on the WILD FLOWER Common Name INDEX link to Wildflower Family Page; locate that Common name on that Wildflower Family Page, then
Click on Underlined Text in:-
Common Name to view that Plant Description Page
Botanical Name to link to Plant or Seed Supplier
Flowering Months to view photos
Habitat to view further Natural Habitat details and Botanical Society of the British Isles Distribution Map

 

 

A

G

M

S

Puddleplants in the UK "are a family run business with over 15 years experience of growing water plants and running a water garden nursery. We are continually increasing our stock of plants to include new varieties as they become available.

Most of our plants are available in plug form which means they can be planted out all year round, except when the ground is frozen, as is the case with most container grown plants.

The plants have good root systems established ready to be potted on. We currently have a good selection of marginal plants, which sit in the shallow edge of the pond, and bog plants which prefer damp or boggy conditions, usually found round the outside of the pond or stream edge.

We also stock a selection of lilies and oxygenators. Lilies and deep water plants will generally be dispatched as bare root plants.

All our plants will be dispatched with labels and planting instructions to enable you to enjoy the plants to the full. They can be dispatched throughout the year, except when the weather is either exceptionally hot or cold."

 

Puddleplants have collections of plants that attract the following wildlife:-

  • Butterfly and Moth
  • Newt
  • Dragon and Damsel Fly
  • Bee with Marginal Plants
  • Bee with Bog Garden Plants

 

 

Wiggly Wigglers "is an award-winning, natural gardening company. Based on Lower Blakemere Farm in rural Herefordshire we're here to help you compost your waste with our bestselling wormeries, bokashi systems and garden composters; feed your garden birds with our home grown birdfeeds and mealworms; bring your garden to life with wildlife friendly wildflowers and native hedging; grow your own fresh salads and vegetables.

We get lots of visitors here at Lower Blakemere Farm so, back in 2002, we decided to rebuild the farmhouse’s old walled garden to show off our products in their natural environment. The idea was to to create a lovely garden for visitors to look round and let them see for themselves our recycling philosophy in action. So, with a design commissioned from the leading organic gardener and RHS Medal winner Bridget Evans, we set to work."

The Wiggly Cinema contains very informative 2 minute videos about their products.

 

 

TRUE GRUIT HERBS: Gruit was a mixture of herbs, used widely throughout Europe before the coming of the hop. Its actual composition was subject to local variations, and in many cases a closely-guarded secret, but consensus reveals that bog myrtle (Myrica gale L.), yarrow (Achillea millefolium L.) and marsh rosemary (Rhododendron tormentosum). Gruit ale is historically linked with these 3 herbs and delicious and satifying beers can be brewed from either of these on their own, but a true gruit will usually contain all three.

The recipes are meant as a starting point for anyone interested in brewing herbal beers.

 

 

Plant a Backyard Beer Garden
by Author Kristin Grant in Brew Your Own Issue Mar/Apr 2006
"Spring is here and for many homebrewers, it’s time to plant a beer garden. You won’t find lederhosen or German oompah bands in this type of beer garden. What you will find are fresh ingredients to spice up your homebrew. Brewers throughout history have added herbs and spices to beer. “For thousands of years people made perfectly wonderful beer out of whatever was available,” says Randy Mosher, author of “Radical Brewing” (2004, Brewers Publications). 

The obvious choices for a brewer’s garden are hops (Humulus lupulus) and barley (Hordeum spp.). For instructions on growing hops, see the March-April 2005 issue of BYO. And, if you’re up to the challenge of malting the barley you grow, see the May-June 2002 issue of BYO. In this article, I’ll focus on herbs and spices that are relatively easy to grow and use. "

 

 

 

 

Toxicity of Common Comfrey :-

Another problem with comfrey is that it contains at least eight pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PA). While the level of PAs in fresh plant may not be very high, ready-to-use preparation often have high levels (e.g., 270-2900 mg/kg). PAs are hepatoxins and can cause irreversible liver damage. One of the problems is that the effects of the alkaloids can be cumulative. Therefore, damage to the liver may not be associated to the alkaloids in comfrey. Sometimes toxicity signs will not be present until an animal is stressed by something that requires greater liver function (e.g., lactation). Also, the leaves and roots of comfrey have been shown to be carcinogenic. PAs from comfrey given to rats caused mortality. Liver pathology was characteristic of PA toxicosis. When rats were fed dietary levels of 0.5% roots and 8% leaves, they formed hepatomas.

Abraham, Isaac and Jacob
Abura-na
Acker-Hellerkraut
Ackersenf
Adder's Tongue
Adder's-tongue Spearwort
Agrest
Agriao
Agrostide jouet-du-vent
Alamajo dulce
Alder
Alder Buckthorn
Alfilaria
Alliare officinale
Allgood
Allysum
almizclera
Alpen-Gemskresse
Alpenrispengras
Alpen
Johannisbeere

Alpine Arctic Cudweed
Alpine Bartsia
Alpine bluegrass
Alpine Blue Sow-thistle
Alpine Catstail
Alpine Clubmoss
Alpine coltsfoot
Alpine Currant
Alpine Fleabane
Alpine
Forget-me-not

Alpine Foxtail
Alpine Gentian
Alpine Hair-Grass
Alpine Lady Fern
Alpine Meadow-Grass
Alpine Meadow-Rue
Alpine Penny-Cress
Alpine Rock-Cress
Alpine Sow-Thistle
Alpine Speedwell
Alpine Timothy
Alpine Woodsia
American Bellbine
American
Land-Cress

American
Milletgrass

American Speedwell
American Water Cress
American Wintercress
angsgentiana
ängsnäva
Annual Beard-grass
Annual Bluegrass
Annual
Canarygrass

Annual Delpinium
Annual Meadow-Grass
Annual Rabbitsfoot Grass
Annual Sea-blite
Arragone
Arrow Bamboo
Asarabacca
Ash of Jerusalem
Atinian Elm
Austrian Field Cress
Austrian
Yellow Cress

Autumn Dwarfgentian
Autumn Gentian
Autumn Hawkbit
Aveia-preta
Averill
Avoine
Avoine Rude
Awlwort

Gallant Soldier
Garden Arabis
Garden Cress
Garden Golden-Rod
Garden Radish
Garlic Mustard
Garlic Pennycress
gatmålla
Gazon de Marie
Gemeine Nachtviole
Gemeiner Queller
Géranium à feuilles molles
Géranium à feuilles rondes
Géranium découpé
geranio
Géranium luisant
German Tea Chamomile
Germander
Speedwell

Gewöhnlicher Reiherschnabel
gewone zoutmelde
Giant Bellflower
Giant Butterwort
Giant Fescue
Giant Goldenrod
Giant Horsetail
Gibbous Duckweek
Gillflower
glansnäva
Glänzender Storchen-schnabel
glanzige
ooievaarsbek

Glatthafer
Glanz-Rauke
glasört
Glasswort
Glaucantha Bluegrass
Glaucous Bluegrass
Glaucous Meadow-grass
Globe Flower
Gnome's Hatstand
Goatsbeard
Gold of Pleasure
Golden Buttons
Golden Marguerite
Golden-Rod
Golden Samphire
Golden-Scaled Male Fern
Goldilocks
Goldilocks Aster
Goldilocks Buttercup
Goldlack
Good King Henry
Gooseberry
Goosefoot
Goosegrass
Goose Tongue
gordaldo
Goryczka
waskolistna

Goryczka wiosenna
Grama Cebellera
Grand Oyat

Grand Passerage
Grass Blue Hills
Grass-Leaved Orache
Grauer Bastardsenf
Graukresse
Gray Clubawn Grass
Gray Northern Woodsia
Great Bindweed
Great Broomrape
Great Duckweed
Great False Leopardbane
Great Horsetail
Great Lettuce
Great Mullein
Great Sea Stock
Greater Bladderwort
Greater Dodder
Greater Hawkbit
Greater Prickly
Lettuce

Greater Spearwort
Greater Yellow Cress
Greater Yellow Rattle
Green Alkanet
Green Amaranth
Green Bristlegrass
Green Field
Speedwell

Green Figwort
Green Foxtail
Green Hellebore
Green Houndstongue
Green Millet
Green Pigweed
Green Spleenwort
Grey Field Speedwell
Grey-Goosefoot
Grey Hair-Grass
Groseillier commun
Groseiller des Alpes
Groseillier des alpes
Groseillier des hales
Groselheira-negra
Groundsel
Grutzblume
Gtodek
Guernsey Centaury
Gymnocarpium robertianum

måbär
Ma chieh

Madrid Brome
Madwort
Magellan Ragwort
Maidenhair Fern
Maidenhair
Spleenwort

Male Fern
Many-Seeded Goosefoot
Mapleleaf Goosefoot
March Everlasting
Marguerite Daisy
Marram grass
Marsh Arrow-Grass
Marsh Bedstraw
Marsh Clubmoss
Marsh Cress
Marsh Cudweed
Marsh Fern
Marsh Foxtail
Marsh Gentian
Marsh Horsetail
Marsh Marigold
Marsh Ragwort
Marsh Sow-Thistle
Marsh Speedwell
Marsh Yellow Cress
Martin's Ramping-Fumitory
Mary's Cushion
Mastuerzo Montesino
Mat-Grass
Matronal
Matthiole sinuee
Mauer-Doppelsame
Mauer-
Felsenblumchen

Mayweed
May-weed Chamomile
Meadow Brome
Meadow Buttercup
Meacan-Each
Meadow Barley
Meadow Brome
Meadow Cranesbill
Meadow Cress
Meadow False
Fleabane

Meadow Foxtail
Meadow Oat-Grass
Mediterranean
Radish

Medium-flowered
Winter-cress

Meerkohl
Meerrettich
melganzevoet
melganzenvoet
Metake
Mexican Daisy
Mexican Fleabane
Michaelmas Daisy
midsom-
marblomster

milfoil
Missouri
lambsquarters

Mithridate Mustard
Mittleres
Barbarakraut

Mizu-Garashi
mjuknäva
Monkey Flower
Monkshood
Moonwort
Moor Mat Grass
Moretti's Sea
Radish

Moschus-
Reiherschnabel

Mostarda-Preta
Mostaza Blanca
Mostaza Negra
Mostaza Silvestre
Mother's Heart
Moth Mullein
Mountain Bamboo
Mountain Bladder
Fern

Mountain Breeze
Mountain Clubmoss
Mountain Cudweed
Mountain Currant
Mountain Everlasting
Mountain Groundsel
Mountain Male-fern
Mountain Mustard
Mountain
Speedwell

Mountain Rock
Cress

Mouse Barley
Mouse-Ear Cress
Mousetail
Moutarde blanche
Moutarde des champs
Moutarde noire
Mugwort
Muli
Musk
Musk Storksbill
Musky Stork's bill
musqué
musta-
mustaviinimarja
mustaherukka
herukka

Saat-Leindotter
Sagesse des chirurgiens
Saltmarsh
Goosefoot

Saltwort
Salzkraut
Sand Cat's-tail
Sand Couch
Sand Ryegrass
Sand timothy
Saint George
Saint Geourges
Saint Jean

Saint Martins Buttercup
Salad Cress
Plain Leaf

Salad Mustard
Salad Rape
Salgam
Salsify
Sand Oat
Sand Quillwort
Sand Toadflax
Sanguinary
Santa Barbara
Daisy

Saracen's
Woundwort

savikka
saviheinae
Scaly Male Fern
Scented coltsfoot
Scented Mayweed
Scentless
Chamomile

Scentless Mayweed
Schierlings-Reiherschnabel
Schilfgras
Schlitzblättriger Storchschnabel
Schmalblattriger Doppelsame
Schmalwand
Schnee Enzian
schorrekruid
Schwarz-Johannisbeere
Schwarzer
Schwarzer Senf
Schwarzhafer
Scilly Buttercup
Scotland orache
Scottish Gentian
Scots Elm
Scottish Filmy Fern
Scottish Wormwood
Scurvy Grass
Sea Alyssum
Sea Arrow-Grass
Sea Aster
Sea Barley
Sea Beet
Sea Bindweed
Sea Centaury
Sea Couch
Sea Fern-grass
Sea grass
Sea-green Whitlow Grass
Sea Hard-Grass
Sea Kale
Sea Lyme Grass
Sea Mayweed
Sea Purslane
Sea Rocket
Sea Radish
Sea Ragwort
Sea Spleenwort
Sea Starwort
Sea Stock
Sea Storksbill
Sea Wormwood
Seablite Glasswort
Seaside Bentgrass
Seaside Centaury
Seigle de Mer
Selada-Air
Senf
Senfspinat
Sessile Oak
Shady Horsetail
Shaggy Soldier
Sharp-leaved
Fluellen

Sheepsbit
Shepherd's Cress
Shepherd's Purse
Shepherd's Purse (rubella)
Shining Cranesbill
Shining Geranium
Shortawn foxtail
Shrubby Seablite
Sicklegrass
Silky Bent
Silver Birch
Silver cineraria
Silver Hair-Grass
Silver Ragwort
Simmara
Simon's Bamboo
Singer's Plant
Six-rowed Barley
Siyah Hardel
skuggnäva
Skunk Cabbage
Slender Barb Grass
Slender Bedstraw
Slender Brome
Slender Centaury
Slender Cicendia
Slender
False-Brome

Slender Foxtail
Slender Marsh Bedstraw
Slender Meadow Foxtail
Slender Soft Brome
Slender Speedwell
Slender Wart Cress
slipbladige ooievaarsbek
Small Alison
Small Balsam
Small Bladderwort
Small Bugloss
Small Bur-Reed
Small Cordgrass
Small Cow-Wheat
Small Cudweed
Small Fleabane
Small-Flowered Buttercup
Small-Flowered Cranesbill
Small-flower Galinsoga
Small-flowered
Land-Cress

Small-flowered Wintercress
Small Fumitory
Small Geranium
Small Goosegrass
Small Hair-Grass
Small-Leaf Elm
Small-leaved Elm
Small Male Fern
Small Oat
Small Penny-pies
Small Quillwort
Small Red
Goosefoot

Small Toadflax
Small tumbleweed mustard
Smith's Brome
Smith's Cress
Smith's Pepperwort
Smooth Bedstraw
Smooth Brome
Smooth Catsear
Smooth Sow-Thistle
Smooth three-
ribbed Goldenrod

Sneezeweed
Sneezewort
Sneezewort Yarrow

Snowdrop
Snowflake
Snow Gentian
Soft Brome
Soft Chess
Soft Cheat
Soft Comfrey
Soft Shield Fern
Solanka kolczysta
soldier's
woundwort

Soliród zielny
Somerset
Hair-Grass

Son-before-father
Sophienrauke
Soude
Soude en arbre
Sowbane
Spanish Brome
Spanish Chestnut
sparvnäva
Spear-leaved Orache
Spear Saltbush Spoonwort
Spiked Rampion
Spiked Speedwell
Spike Hairgrass
Spineless Saltwort
Spiny Annual Sow-thistle
Spiny Cocklebur
spiny cockleburr
Spinks
Spotless watermeal
Spotted Catsear
Spreading
Bellflower

Spring Gentian
Spring Quillwort
Spring-Schaumkraut
Spring Snowflake
Spring Speedwell
Squinancywort
St. James' wort
St John's Plant
St. Sophia's Herb
Stagshorn Clubmoss
Star Duckweed
Steifgras
Steinkraut
Stengelum-
fassendes
Hellerkraut

Stevens' lambsquarters
Sterile Brome
Sterile Watercress
Sticky Groundsel
Stiff Clubmoss
Stachelbeere
stekend loogkruid
stinkende
ganzevoet

stinkende
ganzenvoet

Stinkende Kresse
Stinkender
Storchen-schnabel

Stinking
Chamomile

Stinking Goosefoot
Stinking Groundsel
Stinking Hellebore
Stink Weed
stinkmålla
stinknäva
Stinkweed
stippel-ganzevoet
stippel-ganzenvoet
Stoloniferous Pussytoes
strandbeta
strandmålla
strandmelde
Strand-Melde
Strand-Salzmelde
Strand Tausendgül-denkraut
Strandrauke
Strand-Sode
Strauchige Sode
Strong-scented Lettuce
styv glasört
Summer Snowflake
sumpgentiana
Suterisi
svarta vinbär
svinmålla
Swamp Lantern
Sweet Alison
Sweet Alyssum
Sweet Chestnut
Sweet Dame's Violet
Sweet Flag
Sweetgrass
Sweet Rocket
Sweet Vernal Grass
Swinecress
Swine Cress
Swollen Duckweed

 

B

H

N

T

 

Babington's Orache
Bai jie

Bald Brome

Ball Mustard
Balm-leaved Figwort
Bamboo Reed
Baneberry
Barbarakraut
Barbaree
Barbenkraut
Barberry
Barestem
Bargeman's
Cabbage

Barley
Barnyard Grass
Barren Brome
Bastard Cabbage
Bastard Cress
Bastard Pellitory
Bathurst burr
Bauernsenf
Bayirturpu
Beach Wormwood
Bearded Couch
Bearded
Couch-grass

Bearded Fescue
Bearded
Wheatgrass

Bearded Wild Rye
Beard Grass
Beardless Rabbitsfoot Grass
Bec-de-cigogne
Bedstraw Broomrape
Beech
Beech Fern
beemdooie-
vaarsbek

Beggar-Ticks
Behaarte Gansekresse
Belle Isle Cress
Bell Rose
Berg-
Storchschnabel

bermooie-vaarsbek
Bermuda Grass
Berro
Berro de Prado
Besenrauke
Bete
Big-seed False Flax
Bird-in-a-Bush
Bird Rape
Birdseye Speedwell
Birthwort
Bitter Cress
Bittere Schleifenblume
Bitterling
Black Bent
Black Bentgrass
Black Currant
Blackgrass
Black Grass
Black Mustard
Black Oat
Black Spleenwort
Black Twitch
Bladder Fern
Blaugrunes Rispengras
blodnäva
bloedooie-vaarsbek
Blood-drop Emlets
Bloodtwig Dogwood
Bloody Cranesbill
Bloody Geranium
Blue Anemone
Blue-eyed-Mary
Blue Fescue
Blue Fleabane
Bogbean
Bluish Mountain Meadow-Grass
Blue Moor-Grass
Blue Sow Thistle
Blue
Water-speedwell

Blutroter Storchschnabel
Bobby Tops
Bodziszek cuchnacy
Bodziszek korzeniasty
Bodziszek lakowy
Bodziszek lesny
Bodziszek porozcinany
Bog Hair-Grass
Bog Myrtle
Borage
Boreal Fleabane
Borstgras
Boston Daisies
Boston Horsetail
Bottle-Grass
Bourse de cure
Bourse de Judas
Box
Boxwood
Bracken
Branched Bur-Reed
branched centaury
Branched Horsetail
Brass buttons
Brauner Senf
Brauner Storchschnabel
Brave hendrik
Bread Wheat
Breckland Bent
Breckland Mugwort
Breckland
Speedwell

Breitblattrige
Bristle Bent
Bristle Oat
Bristly Hawkbit
Bristly Ox-Tongue
Bristol Rock-Cress
Brittle Bladder Fern
Broad Buckler Fern
Broad-leaved Bamboo
Broadleaf Bluegrass
Broad-leaved Cudweed
Broad-leaved Meadow-Grass
Broad-leaved Ragwort
Broad-Leaf Peppergrass
Bronkors
Brooklime
Broomcorn Millet
broskmålla
Brown Bent
Brown-Leaved Watercress
Brown Mustard
Browntop
Browntop Bent
brunnäva
Buchanweed
Buffalo Grass
Bulbous Bluegrass
Bulbous Buttercup
Bulbous Foxtail
Bulbous Meadow-Grass
Bulbulotu
Bunias d'orient
Burak dziki
Bush Grass
Bushy Glasswort
Butterbur
Butterfly-Bush
Buttonweed
bymålla

Habb Ar Rashad
Hairy Bamboo
Hairy Bittercress
Hairy Brassica
Hairy Buttercup
Hairy Chess
Hairy Crabgrass
Hairy Galinsoga
Hairy Rock-Cress
Hairy Rocket
Halberd-leaved Orache
Halim
Hard Fern
Hard Fescue
Hard Grass
Hard Meadow Grass
Hard Shield Fern
Harebell
Harestail Grass
Hartstongue
Hastate Orach
hawkweed
Hawkweed Ox-Tongue
Hay-Scented Buckler Fern
Heath Bedstraw
Heath Cudweed
Heath False Brome Grass
Heath Groundsel
Heath Speedwell
Hederich
Hedge Bedstraw
Hedge Bindweed
Hedge Garlic
Hedge Mustard
Hedgerow Cranesbill
Hedgerow Geranium
Herb-Barbaras
Herbe Aux Charpentiers
Herbe aux cuillere
Herbe-à-Robert
Herbe de Saint Barbe
Herb Robert
Hemp Agrimony
Hierba de Punta
hierba de San
Roberto

Hierba De Santa Barbara
Herb-Sophia
Hierba del Ajo
Highland Cudweed
Highland Fleabane
Hill mustard
Himalayan Balsam
Himalayan Bamboo
Hirtentaschelkraut
Hoary Alison
Hoary-Alyssum
Hoary Cress
Hoary False Alyssum
Hoary Groundsel
Hoary Mullein
Hoary Mustard
Hoary Ragwort
Hoary Stock
Hoary Whitlowgrass
Hohe Rauke
Holly Fern
Holm Oak
Holy Grass
Horse Chestnut
Horse-Radish
Houlque Molle
Houndstongue
Hsi ming
Hurf Al May
Hutchinia
Hutchinsia
Hutchinsia alpina
Hybrid Watercress
hyvaenheikin-
hyvaen-heikinsavikka

Nabo
Nachtviole
Naked Oats
Nard Grass

Narihira Bamboo
Narihiradake
Narrow Buckler
Fern

Narrow Cudweed
Narrow-fruited
Water-cress

Narrow-Leaved Bittercress
Narrow-leaved Eel-Grass
Narrow-leaved Lungwort
Narrow-leaved
Yellow-Rattle

Narrow Small-Reed
Naveterinary
Nettle-leaved Bellflower
Nettle-leaved Goosefoot
Narrow-Leaved Pepperwort
New York Aster
New Zealand
Bittercress

Nit-grass
Nodding Bur-
Marigold

Northern Bedstraw
Northern Beech
Fern

Northern Buckler
Fern

Northern Fir-moss
Northern Reedgrass
Northern Rock-Cress
Northern Water Forgetmenot
Northern
Yellow-cress

Norwegian Cudweed
Norwegian Mugwort
nosebleed plant

taikinamarja
Tall Oat Grass

Tall Ramping-
fumitory

Tall rocket

Tall Sisymbrium
Tall Wormwood
Tambouret des champs
Tansy
Tape-Grass
Tauben-Storchen-schnabel
Taube Trespe
Tausend-
güldenkraut

Tenby Daffodil
Teraspic
Thatching Reed
Thale Cress
Thlaspi Blanc
Thoroughwort
Penny cress

thousand-leaf
thousand-seal

Three-lobed
Crowfoot

Thread-leaved
Water-Crowfoot

Thyme Broomrape
Thyme-leaved Speedwell
Tick Quackgrass
Timothy
Todrilal
Toothwort
Tor-Grass
Touch-Me-Not
Balsam

Tower Cress
Tower-cress
Tower Mustard
Tower Rock-cress
Townsend's
Cordgrass

trädgårdsvinbär
trädgårdssvinbär
Trailing
Snapdragon

Traveller's Joy
Treacle Mustard
Trifid Bur-Marigold
Trumpet narcissus
Tuberous Comfrey
Tufted
Forget-me-not

Tufted Hair-Grass
Tumble Mustard
Tumbling Mustard
Tunbridge Filmy
Fern

Turkey Oak
Turkish "Rocket"
Turm-Gansenkresse
Turnipweed
Twiggy Glasswort
Twiggy Mullein
Twisted
Whitlow-Grass

 

C

I

O

U

 

Cakilier
California Brome
California Bromegrass
Camelina
Camelina pilosa
Cameline ciliee
Canada Bluegrass
Canada Reubens
Canadian Fleabane
Canadian Goldenrod
Canadian horseweed
Canapicchia glaciale
Canary Grass
Candytuft
Canola Oil Plant

Canterbury Bell
Cape Cudweed
Caquillier maritime
Cardamine des pres
Carraspique
Carrizo
Carrot Broomrape
Casis
Cassis
catsear
Cat's-foot
Catstail
Celery-leaved Buttercup
centaura
Centaura Menor Zantore
Centaurée jaune
Centuria zwyczajna
Cereal Rye
Chalice flower
Chalk False Brome
Chamois Cress
Changing
Forget-me-not

Channel Centaury
Charlock
Chee Reedgrass
Chiltern Gentian
Ch'ing chieh
Chimakizasa
Chinese Mugwort
Chirua
Chou
Choux-Marin
Cleavers
Cliff Clubmoss
Climbing Corydalis
Climbing
Snapdragon

clora
Cloud Grass
Clove-Scented Broomrape
Clown's Mustard
Clustered Bellflower
Coast-Blite Cochleaire
Cocksfoot
cocklebur
Cockspur
Coclearia
Coeur de cure
Col Marina
Colonial Bent
Colonial Bentgrass
Coltsfoot
Columbine
Colza
Colza Oil Plant
Common Amaranth
Common Annual Sow-thistle
Common Barley
Common Bent
Common Blue-sow-thistle
Common Box
Common Buckthorn
Common Broomrape
Common Buckler Fern
Common Butterwort
Common Catsear
Common Centaury
Common Chamomile
Common Chess
Common Clubmoss
Common Comfrey
Common
Cord-Grass

Common Couch
Common
Cow-Wheat

Common Cudweed
Common Dodder
Common Dog Mustard
Common Duckweed
Common Dutch Agrimony
Common Eel-Grass
Common Elm
Common Field Speedwell
Common Figwort
Common Fleabane
Common Foreget-me-not
Common Fumitory
Common Giant Mustard
Common Glasswort
Common Gromwell
Common Horsetail
Common Lungwort
Common Meadow-Rue
Common Millet
Common Moonwort
Common Mudwort
Common Mullein
Common Oat
Common Orache
Common Penny-Cress
Common Pepperwort
Common Polypody
Common Quillwort
Common Ragwort
Common Ramping-fumitory
Common Reed
Common Rye
Common Salsify Common Scurvy-Grass
Common Seablite
Common Snapdragon
Common Spleenwort
Common Storksbill
Common Toadflax
Common
Velvetgrass

Common Wart Cress
Common Water-crowfoot
Common Wheat
Common Whitlow-Grass
Common Wind
Grass

Common Winter-Cress
common yarrow
Common Yellow Rocket
Compact Brome
Confused Michaelmas-daisy
Copper Beech
Copper Tops
Coralroot Bittercress
Coral-Wort
Corn Buttercup
Corn Chamomile
Corn Cleavers
Corn Daisy
Corn Gromwell
Corn Marigold
Corn Sow-Thistle
Cornish Bellflower
Cornish Moneywort
Cotswold Penny-Cress
Cotton weed
Cottonweed
Couve-Marinha
Crab-Grass
Cranson
Cranson officinal
Creamy Butterbur
Creases
Creasy Greens
Creeping Bellflower
Creeping Bent
Creeping Buttercup
Creeping Forget-me-not
Creeping Soft-Grass
Creeping Spearwort
Creeping
Velvetgrass

Creeping Water Forgetmenot
Creeping Yellow Cress
Creeping Yellow Field Cress
Cressen
Cresson
Cresson alenois
Cresson d'eau
Cresson de fontaine
Cresson des fontaines
Cresson des jardins
Cresson de terre
Cressonette
Crested Buckler
Fern

Crested Cow-Wheat
Crested Dogstail
Crested Hair-Grass
Crisp Rockbrake
Crocus-leaved goatsbeard
Crosswort
Crowberry
Crystal Carpet
Cucharita
Cuckold's Beggar-ticks
Cuckoo Flower
Cultivated Flax
Cultivated Oat
Curved Hard-Grass
Curved Sicklegrass
Cut-leaved
Cranesbill

Cutleaf Geranium

Iglica pospolita
Immergrunes Felsenblumchen

Indian Balsam
Indian Fountain Bamboo
Indian Fumitory
Indian Posey
Inflated Duckweed
Intermediate Polypody
Interrupted Clubmoss
Inundated Clubmoss
Irish Bladderwort
Irish Fleabane
Isle of Man Cabbage
Italian Alder
Italian Cranesbill
Italian Foxtail
Italian Wild Radish
Ivory Bells
Ivy Broomrape
Ivy Duckweed
Ivy-leaved Bellflower
Ivy-leaved Crowfoot
Ivy-leaved Toadflax
Ivy Speedwell
 

Oak Fern
Oat
Oatgrass
Oat Grass
Oblong Woodsia
Old-man-in-the-
Spring

Old man's Beard
old man's pepper
olvonmålla
One-flowered
Glasswort

Oranda-Garashi

Orange Balsam
Orange Foxtail
Orange Mullein
Oregon Grape
Oriental Borage
Orientalis Rauke
Ornamental Cabbage
Ornamental Cress
Ornamental
jewelweed

Ornamental Kale
Oruga Maritima
Ox-eye Chamomile
Ox-Eye Daisy
Oxford Ragwort
Oxtongue Broomrape
Oyster Plant

uitstaande melde Ukonnauris
Unbranched
Bur Reed

Upland Bluegrass
Upland Cress
Upland Scurvy-
Grass

Upright Goosefoot
Upright Hedge Bedstraw
Uva spina

 

D

J

P

V

 

Daffy-down-dilly
Daisy
Damask Violet
Dame's Rocket
Dame's Violet
Dandakorn
dandelion
Danish Scurvy Grass
Dark Mullein
Darnel Fescue
Darnel Grass
Delta mudwort
Dense-flowered Fumitory
Dense Silkybent
Devil's Beggar-ticks
devil's nettle
Disc mayweed
Dittander
Dogberry
Dogwood
donkere ooievaarsbek
Don's Twitch
Dorf-Gänsefuß
Dovefoot Geranium
Dovesfoot Cranesbill
Downy Alpine Oatgrass
Downy Birch
Downy Oat
Downy Oat Grass
Drave blanchatre
Drave printaniere
Dumpy Centaury
Dune Felwort
Dune Gentian
Dutch Rush
Dune Cabbage
Dune Fescue
Durmast Oak
Dusky Cranesbill
duvnäva
Dwarf Birch
Dwarf Cornel
Dwarf Cudweed
Dwarf Eel-Grass
Dwarf Millet
Dyer's Chamomile
Dyer's Weed
Dyer's Woad

Jack-by-the-Hedge
Jack-Go-To-Bed-At-Noon
Japanese False Bromegrass
Japanese Sweet Coltsfoot
jauhosavikka
Jersey Buttercup
Jersey Cudweed
Jersey Fern
Jersey Forget-me-not
Jersey Toadflax
Jerusalem Ash
Jerusalem Star
Jewel-Weed
Ji cai
Jim Hill Mustard
Jointed Charlock
Johnny-go-to-bed-at-noon
Joseph and Mary
Juliana
Julienne des dames
June Grass
Juniper

Pale Butterwort
Pale Flax
Pale Forget-me-not
Pale Madwort
Pale Toadflax
Paris Daisies
Parsley Fern
Pasque Flower
Passerage des
Champs

Paturin Annuel
Paturin Bulbeux
Pearl Everlasting
Pearl-flowered Life Everlasting
Pedunculate Oak
Peine de bruja
Pellissers Toadflax
Pencilled Cranesbill
Penny Cress
Pennycress
Pennywort
Peppergrass
Pepperwort
Perennial Centaury
Perennial Cress
Perennial Flax
Perennial Glasswort
Perennial
Peppercress

Perennial
Pepperweed

Perennial Sow
Thistle

Perennial Wall
Rocket

Perfoliate
Pennycress

Pestilence Wort
Petite Centaurée
Pfeilkresse
Pheasant's Eye
Pied-de-Pigeon
Pigeongrass
Pigweed
Pincho
Pineapple Weed
Pink Shepherd's
Purse

Pink Water
Speedwell

Piperisa
Platthalmsripe
Ploughman's
Spikenard

Plymouth Pear
Pointed Catstail
Policeman's Helmet
Pond Water-crowfoot
Porzeczka alpejska
Porzeczka czarna
Porzeczka
czerwona

Poverty Brome
Prairie Junegrass
Prairie Sagewort
Prickly Comfrey
Prickly Lettuce
Prickly Saltwort
Prickly Sow-Thistle
Prostrate Glasswort
Prostrate Toadflax
Pszonak
drobnokwiatowy

punaherukka
herukka
Purple Beech
Purple Clematis
Purple Coltsfoot
Purple Crabgrass
Purple Glasswort
Purple Gromwell
Purple Ramping-
Fumitory

Purple Salsify
Purple Small-Reed
Purple-stem Cat's-tail
Purple Toadflax
Purple Toothwort
Purple Viper's Bugloss
Pyrenean Cranesbill
Pyrenean Columbine

vägmålla
Vanilla Grass

Vanilla
Sweet-grass

Variegated
Horsetail

Variegated
Monkshood

Various-leaved Crowfoot
Vegetable Oyster
Veiny Geranium
Velvet Bent Grass
Velvetgrass
Venus's
Looking-Glass

Verschieden-
blattrige Kresse

viinimarja
Viper's Bugloss
Viper's Grass
Virgins Bower

 

E

K

Q

W

 

Early Adder's Tongue
Early Cress
Early Forgetmenot
Early Gentian
Early Golden-Rod
Early Hair-Grass
Early Meadow Grass
Early Sand-Grass
Early Scurvy-Grass
Early Winter-Cress
Early Yellow Rocket
Eastern Marsh Ragwort
Eastern Rocket
Echte Brunnenkresse
Echter Weisenhafer
Echtes Barbarakraut
Echtes Tausendgü-ldenkraut
eenbloemige zeekraal
Einjahriges Rispengras

Elecampane
Elecampane inula
English Elm
English Scurvy-Grass
Erba Barbara
Erbe Sophia
Erismo
Espiguilla
Erva Adheira
Erva-De-Santa-Barbara
Erva-Pimenteira
Erysimum
esdoorn-ganzevoet
esdoorn-ganzenvoet
Esthwaite
Waterweed

European Beachgrass
European Box
European centaury
European Goldenrod
European Pellitory
Evergreen Oak
Eyebright

karviainen
Kasikotu

Kelch-Steinkraut
Khardal Aswad
Kiss-me-on-the-mountain
Killarney Fern
kleine ooievaarsbek
klein robertskruid
klockgentiana

Knapweed Broomrape
Knoblauchsrauke
Knolliges Rispengras
Knotted Cranesbill
Knotige Storchschnabel
Komosa biala (lebioda)
Komosa czerwonawa
Komosa sina
Komosa strzalkowata
Komosa wielkolistna
korrel-ganzevoet
korrel-ganzenvoet
kortarige zeekraal
Kresse
Krodde
krusbär
kurjenpolvilaji
kustarun
kustmelde

Queen's Gilliflowers

Waldgerste
Wald-Rispengras
Wald-
Storchschnabel

Wall Barley

Wall Bedstraw

Wall Brome
Wall Daisy
Wall Fumitory
Wall Lettuce
Wall Rocket
Wall Rue
Wall Speedwell
Wall Whitlow-Grass
Wallflower
Wallflower
Cabbage

Warty Cabbage
Water Bent
Watercress
Water Betony
Water Crowfoot
Water Figwort
Water
Forget-me-not

Water Hawthorn
Water Horsetail
Water Pineapple
Water Soldier
Water Speedwell
Wavy Bittercress
Wavy Hair-Grass
Wayside Cudweed
Weedy Cudweed
Wegrauke
Weißer Gänsefuß
Weicher Storchen-schnabel
Weide-Kammgras
Welsh Gentian
Welsh Mudwort
Western Figwort
Western Polypody
Western Ramping-Fumitory
Western Skunk Cabbage
Wheat Oats
White Alyssum
White Amaranth
White Bent
White Bluegrass
White Butterbur
White Climbing Fumitory
White Comfrey
White Cross
White Mullein
White Mustard
White Pigweed
White Ramping-Fumitory
White Tansy
Whitetop
Wiesen-Knauelgras
Wiesen-Storchschnabel
Wild Arugula
Wild Cabbage
Wild Candytuft
Wild Daffodil
Wild Madder
Wild Millet
Wild Mustard
Wild Oat
Wild Pellitory
Wild Proso Millet

Wild Radish
Wild Rauke
Wild Rocket
Wild Roquette
Wild Turnip
Wild Wallflower
Willow-leaf Lettuce
Willowleaf
Yellowhead

Wilson's Filmy Fern
Wieczornik
Wiesen-
Schaumkraut

Wilde Sumpfkresse
Wind Grass
Windhalm
Winter Aconite
Winter Cress
Winter Heliotrope
Winterkresse
Woad
Wood Anemone
Wood Barley
Wood Cranesbill
Wood cudweed
Wood
Forget-me-not

Wood Goldilocks
Wood Horsetail
Wood Millet
Wood Small-Reed
Wood Speedwell
Woodland Figwort
Woodland Geranium
Woodland Ragwort
Woodruff
Wormseed
Wallflower

Wormwood
Wych Elm

 

F

L

R

XYZ

 

Fair-maid-of-France
Fairy Flax
Fairy Foxglove
faltgentiana
False Brome
false dandelion

False Flax
False London Rocket
False Mayweed
False Oat
False Oat-Grass
False Rye Brome
Fan-leaved Buttercup
Fan WEED
Fat Duckweed
Fat Hen
Feld-Enzian
Feld-Kresse
Felwort
Fen Bedstraw
Fern Grass
Feverfew
Few-flowered Fumitory
Fieder-Zwenke
Field Bindweed
Field Cow-Wheat
Field Cress
Field Elm
Field Fleawort
Field Forget-me-not
Field Gentian
Field Gromwell
Field Horsetail
Field Madder
Field Mustard
Field Pennycress
Field Peppergrass
Field Pepperweed
Field Pepperwort
Field Sagebrush
Field Sagewort
Field Southernwood
Field Wormwood
Fig-Leaved Goosefoot
Figwort
fijne ooievaarsbek
fikonmålla
Fine Bent
Fine-leaved
Fumitory

Fingered Speedwell
Finkensame
Flaches Rispengras
Flattened Meadow-Grass
flatweed
Fir Clubmoss
fiskmålla
Flaumhafer
Flaxgrass
Flax-Seed
Fleur de Nostra-Dama
fliknäva
Flixweed
Floating Bur-Reed
Floating Manna Grass
Floating Sweet Grass
flockarun
Flor de pasque
Flote-Grass
Flowering Rush
Flutendes Schwadengras
Forest Bluegrass
Forked Spleenwort
Foxglove
Foxtail Bristle-Grass
Foxtail Millet
Fragile Glasswort
French Cranesbill
French Meadow-Rue
French Rye
French Toadflax
French Weed
Fringed Quickweed
Fringed Water-Lily
Frog-Bit
Frosted Orache
Fruhes Barbarakraut
Fruhlings-Enzian
Fruhlings-Hungerblumchen

Lady Fern
Lady's Bedstraw

Lady's Smock
Lambsquarters
Lamb's-quarters
Lanceolate Spleenwort
Land Cress
Land Quillwort
langarige zeekraal
Large Bindweed
Large Bittercress
Large Crabgrass
Large Cuckoo Pint
Large-flowered
Mullein

Larkspur
Late Goldenrod
Lauch-Hellerkraut
Lauchkraut
Lauchrauch
Least Adder's Tongue
Least Bur-Reed
Least Lettuce
Leindotter
Lemon-Scented Fern
Lent cock
Lent Lilly
Lent Rose
Leopardsbane
Lepidio
Least Duckweed
Least Pepperwort
Lesser Bladderwort
Lesser Canary Grass
Lesser Celandine
Lesser Centaury
Lesser Clubmoss
Lesser Cord-Grass
Lesser Duckweed
Lesser Hawkbit
Lesser Meadow-Rue
Lesser Snapdragon
Lesser Spearwort
Lesser Swinecress
Life everlasting
Limestone Polypody
Little Clubmoss
Little Robin
Littleseed Canarygrass
Loboda rozlozysta
Loddon Lily
Loffelkraut
London Rocket
Long-Leaved Scurvy-Grass
Long-rooted Cat's Ear
Long-spiked Glasswort
Long-stalked Cranesbill
lönnmålla
Loose Silky Bent
Lopsided Oat
Lords and Ladies
Lousewort
Lundy Cabbage
Lu gen
Lungen-Enzian
Lungrot
Lut Putiah
Lyme Grass

Rabanillo
Rabanillo Blanco
Rabaniza
Rabano Picante
Rabano-Picanto
Rabano Rusticano
Rabano Silvestre
Raifort
Raifort Cran
Raiz-Forte

Rampion Bellflower
Rancheria
Rape
Rapeseed
Raphanus landra
Rauher Wiesenhafer
Rauhhafer
Ravenelle
Red Bartsia
Red Cole
Red Currant
Red Goosefoot
Red Rattle
Redstem Stork's bill
Red-Tipped Cudweed
Redtop
Redtop Bent
Reed canary-grass
Reed-Grass
reigersbek
Ribes
Ribes rosso
Ridged Brome Grass
Rigid Buckler Fern
River Water-Crowfoot
Rhode Island Bent
Roadside
Pennycress

Robert geranium
robertskruid
Rock Clubmoss
Rock Crane's-bill
Rock Cress
Rock Speedwell
Rock Whitlow-Grass
Rocket Candytuft
Rocket Cress
Rocket Larkspur
rode ganzevoetrode ganzenvoet
rödmålla
rohtosappi
ronde ooievaarsbek
rooted catsear
Rootless duckweed
Roqueta de mar
Roquette-de-mer
Rosy Cress
Rote Johannisbeere
Rotes Straussgras
Rotliches Hirtentaschelkraut
Rough Comfrey
Rough-fruited
Buttercup

Rough Hawkbit
Rough Horsetail
Round-Headed Rampion
Roundleaf Geranium
Round-leaved Cranesbill
Round-leaved
Crowfoot

Round-leaved
Fluellen

Royal Fern
Runch
Rundblättriger Storchenschnabel
Russian Comfrey
Russian Thistle
Rusty-Back
Rusty Cliff Fern
Rye
Rye Brome
Rzezuszka

Yabani Hardal
Yabani Tere Otu
Yarrow

Yarrow Broomrape
Yellow Anemone
Yellow Bartsia
Yellow Birdsnest
Yellow Chamomile
Yellow Corydalis
Yellow Cress
Yellow crowbell
Yellow Field Cress
Yellow Figwort
Yellow Hairgrass
Yellow Mustard
Yellow Oat
Yellow Oat-Grass
Yellow Rattle
Yellow Rocket
Yellow Skunk
Cabbage

Yellow Watercress
Yellow
Whitlow-Grass

Yellow-Wort
Yorkshire Fog
Zachenschotchen
zachte
ooievaarsbek

zeegroene-
ganzevoet

zeegroene
ganzenvoet

Zierliche Kammschmiele
Zierliche
Schillergras

Zurron de Pastor
Zweiknotiger Krahenfuss
Zwerg-
Steppenkresse

Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677

 

Site design and content copyright ©May 2008.
Page structure amended October 2012.
Feet changed to inches (cms) July 2015.
Menus and Master changed January 2016.
New Common Names and Botanical Names added February 2021.
Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.

BROWN WILD FLOWER GALLERY PAGE MENUS

Botanical Name with Common Name, Wild Flower Family, Flower Colour and Form Index of each of all the Wildflowers of the UK in 1965:- AC, AG,AL,AL,AN,
AR,AR,AS,BA,
BR,BR,CA,CA,
CA,CA,CA,CA,
CA,CE,CE,CH,
CI,CO,CR,DA,
DE,DR,EP,EP,
ER,EU,FE,FO,
GA,GA,GE,GL,
HE,HI,HI,HY,
IM,JU,KI,LA,
LE,LI,LL,LU,LY, ME,ME,MI,MY,
NA,OE,OR,OR,
PA,PH,PL,PO,
PO,PO,PO,PU,
RA,RH,RO,RO,
RU,SA,SA,SA,
SC,SC,SE,SI,
SI,SO,SP,ST,
TA,TH,TR,TR,
UR,VE,VE,VI

Extra Botanical Names have been added within a row for a different plant. Each Extra Botanical Name Plant will link to an Extras Page where it will be detailed in its own row.

EXTRAS 91,
 

CREAM WILD FLOWER GALLERY PAGE MENUS


Common Name with Botanical Name, Wild Flower Family, Flower Colour and Form Index of each of all the Wildflowers of the UK in 1965:- AC,AL,AS,BE,
BL,BO,BR,CA,
CL,CO,CO,CO,
CR,DA,DO,EA,
FE,FI,FR,GO,
GR,GU,HA,HO,
IR,KN,LE,LE,
LO,MA,ME,MO,
NA,NO,PE,PO,
PY,RE,RO,SA,
SE,SE,SK,SM,
SO,SP,ST,SW,
TO,TW,WA,WE,
WI,WO,WO,YE

Extra Common Names have been added within a row for a different plant. Each Extra Common Name Plant will link to an Extras Page where it will be detailed in its own row.

EXTRAS 57,58,
59,60,