Picture Folder Name Pages:-

Since 14 June 2019 I have also started to put my own
full-sized 4000 x 3000 digital Camera images into the relevant topics in this website again for use in the Public Domain -
since there may be 9 or more to a page the resulting
43 Mb website page may take some time to load
. Since I have more than 26,522 photos using 111,460 Mb of my disk space, then the extra upfront cost per annum before creating more folders like Photo coleus is just over 3.16 pence per photo has been paid for the total number in that entire photo collection before any are sent to the website.

It is hoped that you may find them of interest.

Coleus Bedding Foliage Trial Folder
from Plant Trials Field in RHS Garden
at Wisley taken on
2 October 2013
1, plus Tables of Annuals with/for:-
2, Blue to Purple Flowers
3, Red to Pink Flowers 1, 2
4, Green Flowers
5, Black or Brown Flowers
6, Yellow, and Orange Flowers
7, White Flowers
9, Low-Growing
11, Medium-Growing
12, Tall-Growing
13, Heat-Tolerant
14, Moist Soil
15, Shade
16, Indoors
17, Cutting
18, Naturalize
19, Decorative Foliage
20, Edging
21, Fragrance
22, Hanging Baskets
23, Vining
24, Wildflower Meadows
25, Coastal Gardens
26, Mounded Habit
27, Erect Habit
28, Clump-Forming Habit
29, Compact/Bushy Habit
30, Spreading/Sprawling Habit
31, To Cover Fences
32, Odds and Sods 1, 2
Coleus Bedding Trial Index
Range, Culture and Description Details of each of the above are within
Essential Annuals The 100 best for Design and Cultivation.
Text by Elizabeth Murray. Photography by Derek Fell.
Published by Crescent Books in 1989. ISBN 0-517-66177-2


Bedding Gallery has
other bedding plants, in their
flower colour,
flower shape and
bedding plant use


Topic - Flower/Foliage Colour
Colour Wheel Galleries

Following your choice using Garden Style then that changes your Plant Selection Process
Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form

Further details on Bedding from the Infill Plants
Galleries of the above topic:-
...for Spring
...for Summer
...for Autumn
...for Winter
...for Sandy Soil
...for Acid Soil
...for Chalky Soil
...for Clay Soil
...Flower Colour:-
...Use of Bedding:-
......Aromatic Fol
......Scented Flo
......Long Flo
......Coloured Fol
......for Bees, etc
......Cut Flos
......Hanging Pot
......Pots/ Troughs
......Window Box
......Bedding Out
......Filling in

Further details on Annuals from the Infill Galleries:-
Uses of Annuals

...Exposed Sites
...Sheltered Sites
...in Greenhouse
...Extra Poor Soil
...Very Rich Soil
...Gap Filling
...Patio Pots
...Cut Flowers 1, 2
...Everlasting Flos
...Attract Insects
...with Fragrance
...Bee Pollinated
...Annual Pairing
...Tall Growing
...Flower Colour:-
...for its Foliage
...in Moist Soil
...in Shade
...as Houseplants
...Edging Beds
...Hanging Basket
...Vining Annuals


Damage to Trees in Pavement in Madeira caused by the action of man during January/February 2019.

Solution to holes in trees.
Remove mesh covers and rot within the hole. Then blast the remaining rot with a high pressure water hose to try and clear more of the rot. Spray with Boron (a water based preservative kills only wood boring insects - not spiders, birds or bats) as a treatment for insect, wet and dry rot attack. While it is still wet, apply a layer of Expanding Foam to the bottom of the hole. Immediately place bottles on this and allow to set for 5 minutes. Apply another layer of expanding foam and another layer of bottles. The aim of the bottles is to occupy space, they are not there as a deterrent. That is why the foam has to be in contact with the inside of the tree not the glass bottle. The poisons in the foam will kill anything eating it and the foam does stick better when wet with water. Keep up this operation until the hole is covered. 
Leave to set and then paint the foam surface twice with a recommended water-based, but not oil-based, sealant.

Solutions to stop creating holes in trees.
When a branch is cut off, remember to cut it off on the other side of the Branch Collar. (See Figure 1 - Optimum position of the final pruning cut in "Guide to Tree Pruning" by the Arboricultural Association which shows the branch collar within and outside the tree. My Comments: I disagree with their recommendation not to apply wound paint as you can see the result if you do not paint trees which are dehydrated, starved and gassed as these trees in the pavements of Madeira are.) 
Once that is done, then immediately apply Boron and 2 coats of protective sealant as used for holes in trees above.

Solution to current problem on these mosaic pavements:-
Carefully remove the existing marble mosaic, concrete, tarmac, or paver and the concrete/metal enclosures round the trees. If any further solid material like gravel, bricks, stones etc can be removed as well, then do so. Level the ground with sharp sand (Sharp sand is like pyramids which lock together, builder's sand is like ball bearings which displaces itself elsewhere if it can when downward pressure is applied to it). 
The time to execute the above and complete the refilling with sharp sand must be completed within 20 minutes, otherwise the exposed roots will dry up and die. 
It is useful to now water it to settle the sand and keep the roots wet. Put the roll of continuous geotextile over the top before laying down the
CEDAdrive slabs on top. Fill the slabs with the required colours of marble pea-shingle and leave a 3 inch (7.5 cm) gap between the trunk and the CEDAdrive section (Besides black and white marble, you can get many other colours). Spread Green Manure seed in 
the gap and cover to the same level as the top of the CEDAdrive with its pea-shingle; with sharp sand. The Green manure will provide a little nourishment for the tree 
and protection for the expanding trunk, together with protection from cigarettes. 
Further protection can be carried out by providing seating round the trunk, so that old fogeys like me can rest.
Pop-up irrigation water pipes can be supplied from these water manholes currently in the pavements and they can be set to irrigate each section in rotation from Midnight to 06:00 in the morning. A dissolved mixture of seaweed, fully composted animal waste and fully worm composted human food waste from restaurants/hotels can be applied over a pavement an hour before that section is irrigated 3 times a year to provide the same fertilizer regime as practised by the gardeners at the Pestana Mirimar for that hotel's garden. The drained solids from the above fertilizer solution can be applied over the sand between the tree and the CEDAdrive.
An alternative to using marble pea-shingle is Topmix Permeable Concrete within the
CEDAdrive slabs. This would perform the same function as the marble pea-shingle, but it may be cheaper and quicker to use in other pavements. The depth of the Cedadrive slabs might have to be increased if traffic is allowed to cross or park on this type of pavement surface.

166 trees in the pavements in a short section of a road in Funchal, Madeira are being slowly, starved, dehydrated, asphyxiated, poisoned by tarmac and concrete, burnt inside their hollow trunks, roots pounded by 40 ton lorries or shoes of pedestrians, and allowed to rot until killed off during February 2019 (see information in Problems with trees in pavements in Funchal, Madeira in January/February 2018 Page, which appears to have had no effect) as shown by my 433 photos in the following pages within the Home Topic:-

  • Death of tree roots and
  • Death of tree trunks/branches caused by people.
  • Solution to problems for trees caused by people using irrigation -
    Growth of Pollarded Tree in Hotel Garden in 1 year provides a water solution to this destruction.
  • Damage to Tree Trunks 1, 2, 3, 4 caused by people,
  • Damage to Tree Roots caused by people,
  • Area of Open Ground round trees,
  • New Trees in pavements 1, 2,
  • Irrigation of current trees,
  • Watersprouts on trees,
  • Crossing Branches in trees,
  • Utility Equipment with tree Foliage,
  • Lights on trees,
  • Bycycle Lane in Pavement,
  • Public Gardens alongside pavements,
  • Hotel/Private Gardens alongside pavements,
  • Current Permeable Pavement Surface round trees and
  • Irrigation and Fertilising of trees.

Articles on

  • Branch Collar (see Solutions to stop creating holes in trees above) and the importance of leaving all of it while cutting off that branch
  • My repair to a 1300 year old yew tree in my church at the bottom of pages 1-12
  • Some of my work on trees using a chainsaw and chipper-shredder on page 13
  • Protective Dressing, Cavities and 'do not use plastic twine or wire to tie a plant' are at the bottom of pages 14-25 with Forked Leaders, also Terminal Bud and Dormant Branch Growth Bud.
    Details on Boron woodworm, wet and dry wood rot treatment on Page 16.
  • Ways to install trees at the bottom of pages 26-37 includes the following on watering - "Throughout the warm, summer weather, the tree will need the equivalent of 1 inch (2.5 cm) of rain per week and this water needs to be applied about twice each week (My Comments - since this is over the entire root area of this tree - which is at least the radius from the trunk of the height of the tree - then if the CEDAdrive slabs are used, apply 0.5 inchs (1.25 cms) of irrigation twice a week to that entire area).  Approximately 5-10 gallons (20 – 40 liters) of water is sufficient to moisten a 20-inch (50 cm) diameter root ball.  A 40-inch (100 cm) diameter root ball has more than twice the volume and would require 35-45 gallons (130 – 170 liters). 
    Another way to measure water need is with the following formula:   The tree needs 5 gallons minimum and 5 additional gallons per inch of diameter (DBH); hence a 3 inch DBH tree needs 20 gallons of water per week to equal 1 inch of rainfall, in other words, 5 gallons minimum + (3 X 5) 15 gallons = 20 gallons."
  • The Pruning and Maintenance of Mature Trees:
    • 'Lifting' or the removal of the lower branch systems,
    • Crown Thinning and
    • Crown Reduction
    • at the bottom of
      pages 38-45
  • Explaination of watersprouts and watershoots in the Watersprouts on Trees in Pavements in Funchal, Madeira Page. These should be removed from the trees since they are weakly joined to the branch/trunk from which they originated and are dangerous to use as supports for electricians or tree surgeons; as well as likely to fall down in a storm.


RV Roger Roses:-

Rosa is coloured to what is mainly the flower colour, or white, or mixed is added to the flower name

Page A1 Rosa 'Absolutely Fabulous' Floribunda
See details in Rose RHS Wisley Gallery.
Page A2
Rosa 'Aloha' Climber
See details in Rose Plant Gallery.
Page A3 Rosa 'Amber Queen' Floribunda
See details in Rose RHS Wisley Gallery.
Page A4 Rosa 'Amber Star' Budded Miniature mixed yellow/ amber / pink
See details in Rose Plant Gallery.
Page A5 Rosa 'Amber Sunset' Budded Miniature mixed yellow/ amber / pink
See details in Rose Plant Gallery.
Rosa 'Ambiance' Miniflora
See details in Rose Use Gallery.
Page A6 Rosa 'Andrea Stelzer' Hybrid Tea
Page A7 Rosa 'Angela' Floribunda
Page A8 Rosa 'Anisley Dickson' Floribunda
Rosa 'Apricot Ingrid' Miniflora yellow to red
Page A9 Rosa 'Annabelle' Floribunda yellow to orange to red
Page A10 Rosa 'Apricot Rex' Floribunda apricot to white
Page A11
Rosa 'Apricot Silk' Hybrid Tea yellow to orange to pink
See details in Rose Plant Gallery.
Rosa 'Arcanum' Miniflora pink and yellow to red and white
Page A12 Rosa 'Arizona Sunset' Budded Miniature red and yellow to pink and white
See details in Rose Plant Gallery.
Page A13 Rosa 'Arthur Bell' - Floribunda deep yellow to pale yellow
See details in Rose Plant Gallery.
Page A14 Rosa 'Arthur Merril' - Floribunda
See details in Rose Plant Gallery.
Rosa 'Autumn' - Hybrid Tea red to yellow and red violet to red violet
See details in Rose Plant Gallery.
Rosa 'Baby Bio' - Floribunda
See details in Rose Plant Gallery.
Page B15 Rosa 'Baby Bio'
Rosa 'Baby Boomer' - Budded Miniature pink to pink and white
See details in Rose Plant Gallery.
Page B16 Rosa 'Baby Katie' - Budded Miniature pink and white to yellow and pink
See details in Rose Plant Gallery.
Rosa 'Baby Masquerade' - Budded Miniature yellow and pink to pink and white
See details in Rose Plant Gallery.
Rosa 'Ballerina' - Modern Shrub red violet and white to white
Non-Recurrent Cluster-Flowered
See details in Rose Plant Gallery.
Page B17 Rosa 'Ballerina'
Rosa 'Barbara Stack' - Floribunda red and yellow to orange to pink
See details in index of Rose Other A-F Roses Gallery, where it is used for bedding,
to grow in pots and as a cut-flower.
Page B18 Rosa 'Barry Stephens' - Hybrid Tea orange and yellow
See details in Rose Plant Gallery.
Rosa 'Behold' - Budded Miniature yellow to pale yellow
See details in Rose Plant Gallery.
Page B19 Rosa 'Bella Christina' - Floribunda red and yellow to red and white
Rosa 'Bella Diana' - Floribunda red violet and white
Page B20 Rosa 'Bella Diana'
Rosa 'Belle Happiness' - Climber
Rosa 'Betty Curry' - Hybrid Tea
Page B21 Rosa 'Betty's Smile' - Hybrid Tea white and pale yellow, white and pale pink
See details in Rose Use Gallery.
Rosa 'Big Chief' - Hybrid Tea dark red
See details in Rose Plant Gallery.
Page B22 Rosa 'Big Chief'
Rosa 'Bill Bailey' - Modern Shrub red, red violet
Rosa 'Birthday Boy' - Hybrid Tea red to red violet
Page B23 Rosa 'Birthday Boy'
Rosa 'Birthday Girl' - Floribunda red and white
See details in Rose Plant Gallery.
Rosa 'Black Baccara' - Hybrid Tea black red
Page B24 Rosa 'Black Baccara'
Rosa 'Black Gold' - Miniflora black red with lighter red reverse
Rosa 'Black Jack' - Budded Miniature purple to dark red
See details in Rose Plant Gallery.
Page B25 Rosa 'Black Jack'
Rosa 'Blaydon Races' - Hybrid Tea red and yellow
Rosa 'Blessings' - Hybrid Tea
Page B26 Rosa 'Blessings'
Rosa 'Blossomtime' - Climbing dark pink to light pink
See details in Rose Plant Gallery.
Page B27 Rosa 'Blue Moon' Hybrid Tea Red Violet
Rosa 'Blush Noisette' Noisette Red to Pink to White
Page B28 Rosa 'Bob Woolley' Hybrid Tea Yellow to Pink and Yellow
Rosa 'Bobby Charlton' Hybrid Tea Red to Pink
Rosa 'Bonica' Modern Shrub Red to Pink to White
Page B29 Rosa 'Bonn' Hybrid Musk Red
Rosa 'Bright Smile' Floribunda Dark Yellow to Light Yellow
Rosa 'Brook's Red' Hybrid Tea Red to Pink
Page B30 Rosa 'Buff Beauty' Hybrid Musk red to yellow and white to white
Rosa 'Butter Cream' Miniflora Medium Yellow to Light Yellow
Page C31 Rosa 'Cajun Moon' Hybrid Tea yellow and red to pink and white with light yellow
Rosa 'Cajun Signature' Hybrid Tea red, pink and white to pink and white
Rosa 'Caledonian' Hybrid Tea light yellow and pink
Page C32 Rosa 'Canadian Northlight' Hybrid Tea red to magenta
Rosa 'Castle Howard' Floribunda red and yellow to purple and white
Rosa 'Castle of Mey' Floribunda yellow and red to orange to red
Page C33 Rosa 'Castle of Mey' Floribunda yellow and red to orange to red
Rosa 'Catherine Cookson' Hybrid Tea red violet with white reverse
Rosa 'Cecile Brunner' China pink with white outer petals to pink to white
Page C34 Rosa 'Celebration Time' Floribunda red to magenta
Rosa 'Champagne Cocktail' Floribunda red and yellow
Rosa 'Chanelle' Floribunda red and yellow to pink and yellow to white
Page C35 Rosa 'Charismatic' Miniflora red and white
Rosa 'Chatsworth' Modern Shrub red to light pink
Rosa 'Chelsea Belle' Budded Miniature red and white to red to magenta
Page C36 Rosa 'Chicago Peace' Hybrid Tea yellow to orange to red to magenta
Rosa 'Childs Play' Budded Miniature red violet and white
Rosa 'Chinatown' Floribunda yellow and red to yellow to light yellow and red
Page C37 Rosa 'Chinatown' Floribunda yellow and red to yellow to light yellow and red
Rosa 'Chloe's Star' Budded Miniature yellow
Page C38 Rosa
'Chrysler Imperial' Hybrid Tea red
Rosa 'Cider Cup' Patio Rose orange and yellow to orange and pink to pink and white
'City of Leeds' Floribunda red and magenta
Page C39
Rosa 'City of Leeds' Floribunda red and magenta
Rosa 'Clair Bear' Floribunda orange bud to orange with red violet outer petals to red violet

List of Pictures in a Picture Folder:-

Roses in
Rose Nursery of RV Roger
on 21-25 July 2014.

This folder has 4877 photo images.

Up to 11 photo images of a Rose in this folder will be inserted onto only a page in a Photo RV Roger Roses Gallery.

Each collection of photo images for a Rose will only count as 1 photo in the Plant with Photo Index of Ivydene Gardens on the respective Page R. The same system is used for the other collections.

A link to a page in another
Ivydene Gardens Gallery providing further details on the respective Rose may be supplied.

RV Roger Roses 1 Page A1

Rosa 'Absolutely Fabulous'
IMG 7954.JPG
There are further details on this rose in Rose RHS Wisley Gallery.

Rosa 'Absolutely Fabulous'
IMG 7955.JPG

Rosa 'Absolutely Fabulous'
IMG 7956.JPG

Rosa 'Absolutely Fabulous'
IMG 7958.JPG

Rosa 'Absolutely Fabulous'
IMG 7960.JPG

Rosa 'Absolutely Fabulous'
IMG 7961.JPG

Rosa 'Absolutely Fabulous'
IMG 7962.JPG

Rosa 'Absolutely Fabulous'
IMG 7963.JPG

Rosa 'Absolutely Fabulous'
IMG 7964.JPG

Rosa 'Absolutely Fabulous'
IMG 7965.JPG

RV Roger Roses 1 Page A2

Rosa 'Aloha'
IMG 5684.JPG
There are further details on this rose in Rose Plant Gallery.

Rosa 'Aloha'
IMG 5685.JPG

Rosa 'Aloha'
IMG 5686.JPG

Rosa 'Aloha'
IMG 5687.JPG

Rosa 'Aloha'
IMG 5688.JPG

Rosa 'Aloha'
IMG 5689.JPG

Rosa 'Aloha'
IMG 5690.JPG

Rosa 'Aloha'
IMG 5692.JPG

Rosa 'Aloha'
IMG 5693.JPG

Rosa 'Aloha'
IMG 5694.JPG

Rosa 'Aloha'
IMG 5695.JPG

RV Roger Roses 1 Page A3

Rosa 'Amber Queen'
IMG 8148.JPG
There are further details on this rose in Rose RHS Wisley Gallery.

Rosa 'Amber Queen'
IMG 8156.JPG

Rosa 'Amber Queen'
IMG 8152.JPG

Rosa 'Amber Queen'
IMG 8159.JPG

Rosa 'Amber Queen'
IMG 8155.JPG

Rosa 'Amber Queen'
IMG 8157.JPG

Rosa 'Amber Queen'
IMG 8158.JPG

Rosa 'Amber Queen'
IMG 8161.JPG

Rosa 'Amber Queen'
IMG 8162.JPG

Rosa 'Amber Queen'
IMG 8164.JPG

RV Roger Roses 1 Page A4

Rosa 'Amber Star'
IMG 7325.JPG
There are further details on this rose in Rose Plant Gallery.

Rosa 'Amber Star'
IMG 7326.JPG

Rosa 'Amber Star'
IMG 7328.JPG

Rosa 'Amber Star'
IMG 7330.JPG

Rosa 'Amber Star'
IMG 7332.JPG

Rosa 'Amber Star'
IMG 7333.JPG

Rosa 'Amber Star'
IMG 7334.JPG

Rosa 'Amber Star'
IMG 7335.JPG

RV Roger Roses 1 Page A5

Rosa 'Amber Sunset'
IMG 7339.JPG
There are further details on this rose in Rose Plant Gallery.

Rosa 'Amber Sunset'
IMG 7340.JPG

Rosa 'Amber Sunset'
IMG 7341.JPG

Rosa 'Amber Sunset'
IMG 7344.JPG

Rosa 'Amber Sunset'
IMG 7345.JPG

Rosa 'Amber Sunset'
IMG 7346.JPG

Rosa 'Ambiance'
IMG 5460.JPG
There are further details on this rose in Rose Use Gallery.

Rosa 'Ambiance'
IMG 5461.JPG

Rosa 'Ambiance'
IMG 5464.JPG

Rosa 'Ambiance'
IMG 5465.JPG

RV Roger Roses 1 Page A6

Rosa 'Andrea Stelzer'
IMG 9806.JPG

Rosa 'Andrea Stelzer'
IMG 9807.JPG

Rosa 'Andrea Stelzer'
IMG 9808.JPG

Rosa 'Andrea Stelzer'
IMG 9809.JPG

Rosa 'Andrea Stelzer'
IMG 9811.JPG

Rosa 'Andrea Stelzer'
IMG 9812.JPG

Rosa 'Andrea Stelzer'
IMG 9813.JPG

Rosa 'Andrea Stelzer'
IMG 9814.JPG

RV Roger Roses 1 Page A7

Rosa 'Angela'
IMG 9639.JPG

Rosa 'Angela'
IMG 8060.JPG

Rosa 'Angela'
IMG 8061.JPG

Rosa 'Angela'
IMG 8064.JPG

Rosa 'Angela'
IMG 8069.JPG

Rosa 'Angela'
IMG 9645.JPG

Rosa 'Angela'
IMG 9646.JPG

Rosa 'Angela'
IMG 9647.JPG

Rosa 'Angela'
IMG 9649.JPG

Rosa 'Angela'
IMG 9651.JPG

RV Roger Roses 1 Page A8

Rosa 'Anisley Dickson'
IMG 7972.JPG

Rosa 'Anisley Dickson'
IMG 7968.JPG

Rosa 'Anisley Dickson'
IMG 7969.JPG

Rosa 'Anisley Dickson'
IMG 7970.JPG

Rosa 'Anisley Dickson'
IMG 7973.JPG

Rosa 'Anisley Dickson'
IMG 7974.JPG

Rosa 'Apricot Ingrid'
IMG 5469.JPG

Rosa 'Apricot Ingrid'
IMG 5467.JPG

Rosa 'Apricot Ingrid'
IMG 5468.JPG

Rosa 'Apricot Ingrid'
IMG 5470.JPG

Rosa 'Apricot Ingrid'
IMG 5472.JPG

RV Roger Roses 1 Page A9

Rosa 'Annabelle'
IMG 7997.JPG

Rosa 'Annabelle'
IMG 7988.JPG

Rosa 'Annabelle'
IMG 7977.JPG

Rosa 'Annabelle'
IMG 7979.JPG

Rosa 'Annabelle'
IMG 7980.JPG

Rosa 'Annabelle'
IMG 7981.JPG

Rosa 'Annabelle'
IMG 7983.JPG

Rosa 'Annabelle'
IMG 7985.JPG

Rosa 'Annabelle'
IMG 7987.JPG

Rosa 'Annabelle'
IMG 7989.JPG

Rosa 'Annabelle'
IMG 7996.JPG

RV Roger Roses 1 Page A10

Rosa 'Apricot Rex'
IMG 8274.JPG

Rosa 'Apricot Rex'
IMG 8263.JPG

Rosa 'Apricot Rex'
IMG 8264.JPG

Rosa 'Apricot Rex'
IMG 8267.JPG

Rosa 'Apricot Rex'
IMG 8269.JPG

Rosa 'Apricot Rex'
IMG 8270.JPG

Rosa 'Apricot Rex'
IMG 8271.JPG

Rosa 'Apricot Rex'
IMG 8272.JPG

Rosa 'Apricot Rex'
IMG 8275.JPG

RV Roger Roses 1 Page A11

Rosa 'Apricot Silk'
IMG 9764.JPG
There are further details on this rose in Rose Plant Gallery.

Rosa 'Apricot Silk'
IMG 9765.JPG

Rosa 'Apricot Silk'
IMG 9766.JPG

Rosa 'Apricot Silk'
IMG 9767.JPG

Rosa 'Apricot Silk'
IMG 9768.JPG

Rosa 'Apricot Silk'
IMG 9769.JPG

Rosa 'Arcanum'
IMG 5477.JPG

Rosa 'Arcanum'
IMG 5474.JPG

Rosa 'Arcanum'
IMG 5475.JPG

Rosa 'Arcanum'
IMG 5478.JPG

Rosa 'Arcanum'
IMG 5479.JPG

RV Roger Roses 1 Page A12

Rosa 'Arizona Sunset'
IMG 7357.JPG
There are further details on this rose in Rose Plant Gallery.

Rosa 'Arizona Sunset'
IMG 7348.JPG

Rosa 'Arizona Sunset'
IMG 7349.JPG

Rosa 'Arizona Sunset'
IMG 7350.JPG

Rosa 'Arizona Sunset'
IMG 7352.JPG

Rosa 'Arizona Sunset'
IMG 7353.JPG

Rosa 'Arizona Sunset'
IMG 7354.JPG

Rosa 'Arizona Sunset'
IMG 7355.JPG

Rosa 'Arizona Sunset' I
MG 7358.JPG

RV Roger Roses 1 Page A13

Rosa 'Arthur Bell'
IMG 8282.JPG - Floribunda
There are further details on this rose in Rose Plant Gallery.

Rosa 'Arthur Bell'
IMG 8278.JPG - Floribunda

Rosa 'Arthur Bell'
IMG 8281.JPG - Floribunda

Rosa 'Arthur Bell'
IMG 8283.JPG - Floribunda

Rosa 'Arthur Bell'
IMG 8284.JPG - Floribunda

Rosa 'Arthur Bell'
IMG 8285.JPG - Floribunda

Rosa 'Arthur Bell'
IMG 8287.JPG - Floribunda

Rosa 'Arthur Bell'
IMG 8288.JPG - Floribunda

Rosa 'Arthur Bell'
IMG 8289.JPG - Floribunda


Plant Labelling - A suggestion for plant labelling to help visitors

A different solution is that each gardening member of the RHS staff at Wisley be provided with Large White Plastic Angled-Head Labels which are 20 inches (50 cms) in height with a 6 x 4 inch (16 x 10 cms) writing surface and a Marker pen with Black ink to provide a good temporary label for the above broken label (in Lost Flowers page) or for missing labels.
Then, the black background permanent label could be ordered at the end of that working day to replace this temporary label, which has been inserted into the ground in front of the relevant plant section.

If you are concerned about these labels going on "Walkabout", then insert another white label behind the plant and make it invisible to the public.


Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677

Site design and content copyright ©October 2019.
Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a
courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are
not responsible for the content and/or quality of external
web sites linked from this site.  


It is worth remembering that especially with roses that the colour of the petals of the flower may change - The following photos are of Rosa 'Lincolnshire Poacher' which I took on the same day in R.V. Roger's Nursery Field:-


Closed Bud


Opening Bud


Juvenile Flower


Older Juvenile Flower


Middle-aged Flower - Flower Colour in Season in its
Rose Description Page is
"Buff Yellow, with a very slight pink tint at the edges in May-October."


Mature Flower


Juvenile Flower and Dying Flower


Form of Rose Bush

There are 720 roses in the Rose Galleries; many of which have the above series of pictures in their respective Rose Description Page.

So one might avoid the disappointment that the 2 elephants had when their trunks were entwined instead of them each carrying their trunk using their own trunk, and your disappointment of buying a rose to discover that the colour you bought it for is only the case when it has its juvenile flowers; if you look at all the photos of the roses in the respective Rose Description Page!!!!


Ivydene Gardens Photo RV Roger Roses 1 Gallery:
Page A7 has photos of Roses from the
rose rv roger july 21-25 2014
taken on 25 May 2014 at the Rose Nursery of RV Roger.

Photos taken by Chris Garnons-Williams using a digital camera
in the original size and as a thumbnail.
These can used in the Public Domain for educational purposes
in schools, or at home, to:-

  • Assist in selecting a plant.
  • assist in designing your garden for the overall structure to
    provide you with mystery so that no point of the garden is
    always visible from other points of the garden to persuade
    you to go outside and look round that corner to see what
    is happening there now,
  • assist in selecting areas of the garden for different seasons
    and different uses - spring bulbs in this area, vegetable
    garden in this one leading to a pond etc,
  • in the shape of different plants to provide variety instead of
    regimented single shape and single height shrubs, which
    in effect turn into a uniform hedge with possibly different
    foliage colour. This becomes very difficult to maintain as
    these shrubs/trees etc simply intertwine together,
  • create areas to be used like a solid effect surface for a
    wheelchair with raised boxes for plants so that the wheelchair
    owner's knees can go under them and he/she can garden
    whilst still in the wheelchair. Also he/she can use a remote
    control to operate cars on this ground surface and race them
    around under these raised beds of ponds, flowers, fruit and
    vegetables with his friends, or
  • assist in providing areas to sit down in the garden to have
    a barbeque, a chat with your spouse or simply admire your garden.

Row 1 has the Pass-Through Camera image of Thumbnail image named in Row 2
and is usually 4000 x 3000 pixels.

Row 2 has same image reduced to fit the image frame of 160 x 120 pixels as a
Passthrough Thumbnail to show all of the Camera Image. This image has been
reduced to 72 pixels per inch by Freeway before I stored it as a Passthrough image
for use both here (from August 2019) and as the image in
Plant with Photo Index of Ivydene Gardens A 1 Gallery.

Click on either image and drag to your desktop.
Then you can crop the Pass-Through Camera image to obtain the particular detail
that you require from that image, before using that cropped result in your endeavour.

Copying the pages and then clicking on the images to drag them may not work.


Rose Plant is
Rosa 'Angela' IMG 9639.JPG
taken on 21-25 July 2014 at the Rose Nursery of RV Roger by Chris Garnons-Williams


"Height and spread approx: 90cm x 70cm
Scent: Good fragrance
Rose flowering season: May to October
Recognised Exhibition Rose
Description: Glorious rose-pink. Good fragrance. Very disease resistant. Raised by
Riemer Kordes in 1984. [Yesterday x Peter Frankenfeld]. Height and spread
approx: 90cm x 70cm. Rose flowering season: May to October. Suitable for
exhibition." from RV Roger.


Rose Plant is
Rosa 'Angela' IMG 8060.JPG
taken on 21-25 July 2014 at the Rose Nursery of RV Roger by Chris Garnons-Williams



Rose Plant is
Rosa 'Angela' IMG 8061.JPG
taken on 21-25 July 2014 at the Rose Nursery of RV Roger by Chris Garnons-Williams



Rose Plant is
Rosa 'Angela' IMG 8064.JPG
taken on 21-25 July 2014 at the Rose Nursery of RV Roger by Chris Garnons-Williams



Rose Plant is
Rosa 'Angela' IMG 8069.JPG
taken on 21-25 July 2014 at the Rose Nursery of RV Roger by Chris Garnons-Williams



Rose Plant is
Rosa 'Angela' IMG 9645.JPG
taken on 21-25 July 2014 at the Rose Nursery of RV Roger by Chris Garnons-Williams



Rose Plant is
Rosa 'Angela' IMG 9646.JPG
taken on 21-25 July 2014 at the Rose Nursery of RV Roger by Chris Garnons-Williams



Rose Plant is
Rosa 'Angela' IMG 9647.JPG
taken on 21-25 July 2014 at the Rose Nursery of RV Roger by Chris Garnons-Williams



Rose Plant is
Rosa 'Angela' IMG 9649.JPG
taken on 21-25 July 2014 at the Rose Nursery of RV Roger by Chris Garnons-Williams



Rose Plant is
Rosa 'Angela' IMG 9651.JPG
taken on 21-25 July 2014 at the Rose Nursery of RV Roger by Chris Garnons-Williams







I have copied the archived post below, because what is stated there is extremely important, since 99.99% of
gardeners in the UK totally ignore the fact that plants require humus and think that double-digging is beneficial
every year. That is why they are killing their soil and their plants do not grow well.

How Soil Works in the Category Archives: Flowering House Plants of Houseplantsguru. com:-

"Nature’s plan is to build up the humus year after year and this can only be done by organic matter. There is need
to replace and return that which has been taken out. The Chinese, who are the best gardeners, collect, ‘use’, and
return to the soil, every possible kind of waste, vegetable, animal and human. In over 4000 years of intensive
cultivation they still support more human beings per hectare than any other country in the world!
On the other
hand in areas like the Middle West of the U.S.A. And the Regina Plain of Canada, where the Wheel of Life has not
been recognized, tens of thousands of hectares which once grew heavy crops are now useless, or practically so.

Every flower crop grown reduces the organic content of the ground. Every piece of work done helps to break down
the humus. The value of the soil in your garden, therefore, is not the mica particles or grains of sand. It lies in the
humus that the soil contains. Humus makes all the difference to successful gardening. Have plenty of humus
present and the soil is in good tilth. Humus is the organic colloid of the soil. It can store water, it can store plant
foods, it can help to keep the soil open. It can help to ensure the right aeration. It will give ideal insulation against
heat and cold.

Using Compost

Garden owners proposing to dig their land shallowly in preparation for flower growing, should realize the
importance of adding ample quantities of organic matter before they start. Composted farmyard manure, fine
wool shoddy, properly composted vegetable refuse, or hop manure should be added at the rate of one good
barrow-load to 10 m2 (12 sq yds) and in addition into the top 25 or 50 mm (1 or 2 in) of soil finely divided sedge
peat, non-acid in character should be raked in at about half a bucketful (9 litres) per square metre (2 gallons per
sq yd). This organic matter in the top few millimetres of soil gives the little roots a good start and so sends them
on to find the organic matter below.

It is when the organic content of the soil has been helped in this way, that the gardener dares to add plant foods
of an organic origin. These are usually applied on the surface of the ground and raked in. Fertilizers with an
organic base are particularly useful. Fish Manure may be applied at 105 to 140 g/m2 (3 oz to 4 oz per sq yd), or a
meat and bone meal or even hoof and horn meal mixed with equal quantities of wood ashes may be used at a
similar rate. These plant foods can be supplied not only when the flower garden is first made but every season
very early in the spring. A good dried poultry manure to which a little potash has been added is another fertilizer
that is very useful when applied at this time.

Minimum Digging

Flower growers must realize that proper soil treatment is the first essential to success. The millions and millions
of soil bacteria that live in the ground to help the gardener, much appreciate little or no digging. It enables
them to work better, for they need conditions which are natural. So do give them what they need.


Lime should be regarded as an essential except in very definite cases where acidity is demanded, e.g. the
heaths and heathers, rhododendrons and azaleas.

Lime not only prevents soil from being acid but it ‘sweetens’ it, as well as playing its part as a plant food.
It improves the texture and workability of heavy soils. It helps to release other plant foods, and it
decomposes organic compounds in the soil so that they can be used as plant food also.

Generally speaking it should be applied at about 245 g/m2 (7 oz per sq yd). It should not be dug in, as it
washes down into the soil very quickly. It should be sprinkled on the surface of the ground after the digging
and manuring has been done. Do not mix lime with organic fertilizers. There are three main types of lime:
Quicklime, sometimes sold as Buxton Lime or Lump Lime, which has to be slaked down on the soil;
Chalk or Limestone, often sold as Ground Limestone, only half as valuable as quicklime; and
Hydrated Lime, which is perhaps the most convenient to handle and is therefore most usually used by gardeners.
The quantity of lime mentioned previously i.e. 245 g/m2 (7 oz per sq yd), refers to hydrated lime."


The following is the opinion of Chris Garnons-Williams to the above:-

If you walk through an old wooded area, which is not intensively managed, you will see dead leaves on the
ground, together with fallen branches, brambles, nettles, other weeds and juvenile plants. There will be
waste material from birds and animals and this has not been cleared up and disposed of. This mulch then
provides the organic material to be recycled via the ground with its different organisms to the roots of those
same trees for them to continue to grow.
Nobody digs up the ground to push this material in a few inches or to the depth of the topsoil, nature does it
with earthworms and other organisms at the rate required by the organisms down below to then use it. The
trees in this wood then grow fairly uniformly using the available resources.

So, do not dig the manure, wool shoddy, vegetable refuse or hop manure or anything else in. Leave it on top
as a mulch and that includes the organic fertilizers and the lime.
Instead of adding finely divided sedge peat, add spent mushroom compost which contains peat which has
already been used; and so you are using their waste product for recycling, instead of destroying more peat
bogs which have taken 1000's of years to be created. You could use bracken instead of peat.

The topsoil is full of organisms, either the waste products from are used by another or they are. If you turn
them up from the bottom of the topsoil to the top, then those new top ones will starve to death and the ones
who were at the top are now at the bottom and they will as well since it is only waste down there which is
not their normal fare. They do have a bus transport system to get them back to their original levels, since water
is the only transport system down there, which unfortunately normally goes downwards.

So why do you not use the companion planting cultivation method as further detailed in Companion Planting?
You may follow this with the following which is normally used for the vegetable garden:-

"Spinach is sown in spring in rows 50cm apart over the whole vegetable garden area for the following

  • these rows divide the vegetable garden up for the whole year,
  • the spinach roots prevent erosion, so the usual paths between beds are omitted,
  • young spinach plants provide protection and shade for the vegetable crops to be grown between them,
  • spinach provides ideal material for sheet surface composting, which becomes an intermediate space, a footpath, and
  • it is in between these lines of spinach that the other vegetable varieties are arranged."

This could be used in the flower beds as the system between the permanent plants of trees, shrubs
and perennials, which is where you may put bedding. This will also provide you with access to the bedding
and the permanent plants together with the nitrogen fertilizer for the other plants from the legumes of
You plant your bedding, bulbs or vegetables through the mulch between the lines of spinach. The damage you
do to where you plant is fairly quickly repaired by the organisms in the surrounding soil, who each come into
the level below the ground level where they normally reside, until they meet their relatives onthe other side of
the planting hole. The ecosystem is then restored.



Site Map of pages with content (o)



Seed with EXTRA Plant INDEX of Extra Plants in Extra Pages of Bloom and Blooms Calendar Galleries.



Website Structure Explanation and User Guidelines


Flower Colour





Other Colours





White / Bicolour





Flower Simple Shape

3 Petals

4 Petals

5 Petals

6 Petals


Bowls, Cups and Saucers

Globes, Goblets and Chalices








Trumpets and Funnels

Bells, Thimbles and Urns


Single Flower provides pollen for bees


2 Petals









Flower Elabor-ated Shape

Tubes, Lips and Lobes

Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

Hats, Hoods and Helmets

Standards, Wings and Keels

Discs and Florets

Pin-cushions and Tufts

Rosettes, Buttons and Pompons








Bedding Plant Use

Bedding Out

Filling In


Pots and Troughs

Window Boxes

Hanging Baskets

Spring Bedding

Summer Bedding

Winter Bedding


Bedding Photos for use in Public Domain


Bedding Plant Height from Text Border Gallery

Blue =
0-24 inches
(0-60 cms)

Green =
24-72 inches
(60-180 cms) or
Green =
24-72 inches
(60-180 cms)

Red =
72+ inches
(180+ cms)

Bedding Plant Soil Moisture from Text Background


Wet Soil

Moist Soil

Dry Soil

Click on thumbnail to change this Comparison Page to the Plant Description Page of the Bedding Plant named in the Text box below that photo.

The Comments Row of that Bedding Plant Description Page details where that Bedding Plant is available from.



Bedding Plant INDEX .

See also the Bedding Plant INDEX of the Bedding in the Mixed Borders of the Royal Horticultural Society Garden at Wisley in 2013. This gallery also compares the Flower Colours, Foliage Colours, Bedding Use and Flower Shape of the bedding plants in those Mixed Borders.



Topic - Over 1060 links in this table to a topic in a topic folder or page within that folder of this website
Case Studies
...Drive Foundations
Ryegrass and turf kills plants within Roadstone and in Topsoil due to it starving and dehydrating them.
CEDAdrive creates stable drive surface and drains rain into your ground, rather than onto the public road.
8 problems caused by building house on clay or with house-wall attached to clay.
Pre-building work on polluted soil.

Companion Planting
..A, B , C , D , E ,
..F , G , H , I , J , K ,
..L, M , N , O , P , Q ,
..R, S , T , U , V , W ,
..X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants
to provide a Companion Plant to aid your selected plant or deter its pests


with ground drains
Garden Design
...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed

......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants
......Camera photos of Plant supports

Glossary with a tomato teaching cauliflowers
Library of over 1000 books
Offbeat Glossary with DuLally Bird in its flower clock.

...in Chalk
(Alkaline) Soil
......A-F1, A-F2,
......A-F3, G-L, M-R,
......M-R Roses, S-Z
...in Heavy
Clay Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
...in Lime-Free
(Acid) Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
...in Light
Sand Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
...Poisonous Plants.
...Extra Plant Pages
with its 6 Plant Selection Levels

Interaction between 2 Quartz Sand Grains to make soil
How roots of plants are in control in the soil
Without replacing Soil Nutrients, the soil will break up to only clay, sand or silt
Subsidence caused by water in Clay
Use water ring for trees/shrubs for first 2 years.

Tool Shed with 3 kneeling pads
Useful Data with benefits of Seaweed

Topic -
Plant Photo Galleries
with Plant Botanical Index of all plants detailed in this website

...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z

If the plant type below has flowers, then the first gallery will include the flower thumbnail in each month of 1 of 6 or 7 flower colour comparison pages of each plant in its subsidiary galleries, as a low-level Plant Selection Process
...by Flower Shape

Bulb Index
A1, 2, 3, B, C1, 2,
D, E, F, G, Glad,
H, I, J, K, L1, 2,
M, N, O, P, Q, R,
S, T, U, V, W, XYZ
...Allium/ Anemone
...Colchicum/ Crocus
...Gladiolus with its 40 Flower Colours
......European A-E
......European F-M
......European N-Z
......European Non-classified
......American A,
B, C, D, E, F, G,
H, I, J, K, L, M,
N, O, P, Q, R, S,
T, U, V, W, XYZ
......American Non-classified
......Australia - empty
...Hippeastrum/ Lily
...Late Summer
...Each of the above ...Bulb Galleries has its own set of Flower Colour Pages
...Flower Shape
...Bulb Form

...Bulb Use

...Bulb in Soil

Further details on bulbs from the Infill Galleries:-
Hardy Bulbs



...Forcing Lily of the Valley



...Hyacinths in Pots


...Lilium in Pots
...Narcissi in Pots



Half-Hardy Bulbs



Uses of Bulbs:-
...for Bedding
...in Windowboxes
...in Border
...naturalized in Grass
...in Bulb Frame
...in Woodland Garden
...in Rock Garden
...in Bowls
...in Alpine House
...Bulbs in Greenhouse or Stove:-




...Plant Bedding in

...Bulb houseplants flowering inside House during:-
...Bulbs and other types of plant flowering during:-
...Selection of the smaller and choicer plants for the Smallest of Gardens with plant flowering during the same 6 periods as in the previous selection

Climber in
3 Sector Vertical Plant System
Deciduous Shrub
...Shrubs - Decid
Deciduous Tree
...Trees - Decid
Evergreen Perennial
...P-Evergreen A-L
...P-Evergreen M-Z
...Flower Shape
Evergreen Shrub
...Shrubs - Evergreen
...Heather Shrub
...Heather Index
......Erica: Carnea
......Erica: Cinerea
......Erica: Others
Evergreen Tree
...Trees - Evergreen

...Diascia Photo Album,
...UK Peony Index

...P -Herbaceous
...Flower Shape
...RHS Wisley
......Mixed Border
......Other Borders
Odds and Sods

...RHS Wisley A-F
...RHS Wisley G-R
...RHS Wisley S-Z
...Rose Use - page links in row 6. Rose, RHS Wisley and Other Roses rose indices on each Rose Use page
...Other Roses A-F
...Other Roses G-R
...Other Roses S-Z
Pruning Methods
Photo Index
R 1, 2, 3
Peter Beales Roses
RV Roger

Soft Fruit
Top Fruit

Wild Flower and
Butterfly page links are in next row

Topic -
UK Butterfly:-
...Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly Usage
of Plants.
...Plant Usage by
Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly.

Both native wildflowers and cultivated plants, with these
...Flower Shape,
Uses in USA,
Uses in UK and
Flo Cols / month are used by Butter-flies native in UK

Wild Flower
with its wildflower flower colour page, space,
data page(s).
...Blue Site Map.
Scented Flower, Foliage, Root.
Story of their Common Names.
Use of Plant with Flowers.
Use for Non-Flowering Plants.
Edible Plant Parts.
Flower Legend.
Flowering plants of
Chalk and
Limestone 1
, 2.
Flowering plants of Acid Soil
...Brown Botanical Names.
Food for

...Cream Common Names.
Coastal and Dunes.
Sandy Shores and Dunes.
...Green Broad-leaved Woods.
...Mauve Grassland - Acid, Neutral, Chalk.
...Multi-Cols Heaths and Moors.
...Orange Hedge-rows and Verges.
...Pink A-G Lakes, Canals and Rivers.
...Pink H-Z Marshes, Fens, Bogs.
...Purple Old Buildings and Walls.
...Red Pinewoods.
...White A-D
Shingle Beaches, Rocks and Cliff Tops.
...White E-P Other.
...White Q-Z Number of Petals.
...Yellow A-G
...Yellow H-Z
Poisonous Parts.
...Shrub/Tree River Banks and other Freshwater Margins. and together with cultivated plants in
Colour Wheel.

You know its
a-h, i-p, q-z,
Botanical Names, or Common Names,
Acid Soil,
(Chalk) Soil
Marine Soil,
Neutral Soil,
is a
is a
is a
is a
Sedge, or

Each plant in each WILD FLOWER FAMILY PAGE will have a link to:-
1) its created Plant Description Page in its Common Name column, then external sites:-
2) to purchase the plant or seed in its Botanical Name column,
3) to see photos in its Flowering Months column and
4) to read habitat details in its Habitat Column.
Adder's Tongue
Bog Myrtle
Cornel (Dogwood)
Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 1
Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2
Daisy Cudweeds
Daisy Chamomiles
Daisy Thistle
Daisy Catsears Daisy Hawkweeds
Daisy Hawksbeards
Dock Bistorts
Dock Sorrels
Filmy Fern
Royal Fern
Figwort - Mulleins
Figwort - Speedwells
Grass 1
Grass 2
Grass 3
Grass Soft
Bromes 1

Grass Soft
Bromes 2

Grass Soft
Bromes 3

Jacobs Ladder
Lily Garlic
Marsh Pennywort
Melon (Gourd/Cucumber)
Orchid 1
Orchid 2
Orchid 3
Orchid 4
Clover 1

Clover 2

Clover 3

Peaflower Vetches/Peas
Pink 1
Pink 2
Rannock Rush
Rose 1
Rose 2
Rose 3
Rose 4
Rush Woodrushes
Saint Johns Wort
Saltmarsh Grasses
Sea Lavender
Sedge Rush-like
Sedges Carex 1
Sedges Carex 2
Sedges Carex 3
Sedges Carex 4
Tassel Pondweed
Thyme 1
Thyme 2
Umbellifer 1
Umbellifer 2
Water Fern
Water Milfoil
Water Plantain
Water Starwort

Topic -
The following is a complete hierarchical Plant Selection Process

dependent on the Garden Style chosen
Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form

Topic -
Flower/Foliage Colour Wheel Galleries with number of colours as a high-level Plant Selection Process

All Flowers 53 with
...Use of Plant and
Flower Shape
- page links in bottom row

All Foliage 53
instead of redundant
...(All Foliage 212)

All Flowers
per Month 12

Bee instead of wind pollinated plants for hay-fever sufferers
All Bee-Pollinated Flowers
per Month

Rock Garden and Alpine Flowers
Rock Plant Flowers 53
A, B, C, D, E, F,
G, H, I, J, K, L,
M, NO, PQ, R, S,
...Rock Plant Photos

Flower Colour Wheel without photos, but with links to photos
12 Bloom Colours
per Month Index

...All Plants Index

Topic -
Use of Plant in your Plant Selection Process

Plant Colour Wheel Uses
1. Perfect general use soil is composed of 8.3% lime, 16.6% humus, 25% clay and 50% sand, and
2. Why you are continually losing the SOIL STRUCTURE so your soil - will revert to clay, chalk, sand or silt.
Uses of Plant and Flower Shape:-
...Foliage Only
...Other than Green Foliage
...Trees in Lawn
...Trees in Small Gardens
...Wildflower Garden
...Attract Bird
...Attract Butterfly
, 2
...Climber on House Wall
...Climber not on House Wall
...Climber in Tree
...Pollution Barrier
...Part Shade
...Full Shade
...Single Flower provides Pollen for Bees
, 2, 3
...Covering Banks
...Patio Pot
...Edging Borders
...Back of Border
...Adjacent to Water
...Bog Garden
...Tolerant of Poor Soil
...Not Fragrant
...Standard Plant is 'Ball on Stick'
...Upright Branches or Sword-shaped leaves
...Plant to Prevent Entry to Human or Animal
...Coastal Conditions
...Tolerant on North-facing Wall
...Cut Flower
...Potted Veg Outdoors
...Potted Veg Indoors
...Raised Bed Outdoors Veg
...Grow in Alkaline Soil A-F, G-L, M-R,
...Grow in Acidic Soil
...Grow in Any Soil
...Grow in Rock Garden
...Grow Bulbs Indoors

Uses of Bedding
...Bedding Out
...Filling In
...Pots and Troughs
...Window Boxes
...Hanging Baskets
...Spring Bedding
...Summer Bedding
...Winter Bedding
...Foliage instead of Flower
...Coleus Bedding Photos for use in Public Domain 1

Uses of Bulb
...Other than Only Green Foliage
...Bedding or Mass Planting
...Tolerant of Shade
...In Woodland Areas
...Tolerant of Poor Soil
...Covering Banks
...In Water
...Beside Stream or Water Garden
...Coastal Conditions
...Edging Borders
...Back of Border or Back-ground Plant
...Fragrant Flowers
...Not Fragrant Flowers

...Grow in a Patio Pot
...Grow in an Alpine Trough
...Grow in an Alpine House
...Grow in Rock Garden
...Speciman Plant
...Into Native Plant Garden
...Naturalize in Grass
...Grow in Hanging Basket
...Grow in Window-box
...Grow in Green-house
...Grow in Scree
...Naturalized Plant Area
...Grow in Cottage Garden
...Attracts Butterflies
...Attracts Bees
...Resistant to Wildlife
...Bulb in Soil:-
......Lime-Free (Acid)

Uses of Rose
Rose Index

...Bedding 1, 2
...Climber /Pillar
...Cut-Flower 1, 2
...Exhibition, Speciman
...Grow In A Container 1, 2
...Hedge 1, 2
...Climber in Tree
...Edging Borders
...Tolerant of Poor Soil 1, 2
...Tolerant of Shade
...Back of Border
...Adjacent to Water

Topic -
Camera Photo Galleries showing all 4000 x 3000 pixels of each photo on your screen that you can then click and drag it to your desktop as part of a Plant Selection Process:-

RHS Garden at Wisley

Plant Supports -
When supporting plants in a bed, it is found that not only do those plants grow upwards, but also they expand their roots and footpad sideways each year. Pages
, 2, 3, 8, 11,
12, 13,
Plants 4, 7, 10,
Bedding Plants 5,
Plant Supports for Unknown Plants 5
Clematis Climbers 6,
the RHS does not appear to either follow it's own pruning advice or advice from The Pruning of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers by George E. Brown.
ISBN 0-571-11084-3 with the plants in Pages 1-7 of this folder. You can see from looking at both these resources as to whether the pruning carried out on the remainder of the plants in Pages 7-15 was correct.

Narcissus (Daffodil) 9,
Phlox Plant Supports 14, 15

Coleus Bedding Foliage Trial - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13, 14, 15,
16, 17, 18, 19, 20,
21, 22, 23, 24, 25,
26, 27, 28, 29, 30,
31, 32, Index

National Trust Garden at Sissinghurst Castle
Plant Supports -
Pages for Gallery 1

with Plant Supports
1, 5, 10
2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9,
11, 12
Recommended Rose Pruning Methods 13
Pages for Gallery 2
with Plant Supports
Plants 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

Dry Garden of
RHS Garden at
Hyde Hall

Plants - Pages
without Plant Supports
Plants 1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

Nursery of
Peter Beales Roses
Display Garden

Roses Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13

Nursery of
RV Roger

Roses - Pages
V76,Z77, 78,

Damage by Plants in Chilham Village - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4

Pavements of Funchal, Madeira
Damage to Trees - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13
for trees 1-54,
14, 15,
16, 17, 18, 19, 20,
21, 22, 23, 24, 25,
for trees 55-95,
26, 27, 28, 29, 30,
31, 32, 33, 34, 35,
36, 37,
for trees 95-133,
38, 39, 40,
41, 42, 43, 44, 45,
for trees 133-166

Chris Garnons-Williams
Work Done - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13

Identity of Plants
Label Problems - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,

Ron and Christine Foord - 1036 photos only inserted so far - Garden Flowers - Start Page of each Gallery
AB1 ,AN14,BA27,

Plant with Photo Index of Ivydene Gardens - 1187
A 1, 2, Photos - 43
B 1, Photos - 13
C 1, Photos - 35
D 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7,
Photos - 411
with Plants causing damage to buildings in Chilham Village and Damage to Trees in Pavements of Funchal
E 1, Photos - 21
F 1, Photos - 1
G 1, Photos - 5
H 1, Photos - 21
I 1, Photos - 8
J 1, Photos - 1
K 1, Photos - 1
L 1, Photos - 85
with Label Problems
M 1, Photos - 9
N 1, Photos - 12
O 1, Photos - 5
P 1, Photos - 54
Q 1, Photos -
R 1, 2, 3,
Photos - 229
S 1, Photos - 111
T 1, Photos - 13
U 1, Photos - 5
V 1, Photos - 4
W 1, Photos - 100
with Work Done by Chris Garnons-Williams
X 1 Photos -
Y 1, Photos -
Z 1 Photos -
Articles/Items in Ivydene Gardens - 88
Flower Colour, Num of Petals, Shape and
Plant Use of:-
Rock Garden
within linked page

Topic -
Fragrant Plants as a Plant Selection Process for your sense of smell:-

Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an Acid Soil
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers
, 2, 3
Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves
, 2
Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers
, 2, 3, 4, 5
Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit
, 2, 3
Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers
, 2
Night-scented Flowering Plants
, 2

Topic -
Website User Guidelines

My Gas Service Engineer found Flow and Return pipes incorrectly positioned on gas boilers and customers had refused to have positioning corrected in 2020.

Rose INDEX Page includes bloom colour thumbnail, rose use, height and width with link to its Rose Description Page.

Link Index to
343 roses from the Alphabetical List of All Roses in the Rose Gallery from the Roses
(318 Rose Description Pages in the Rose Gallery) and
25 Rose Description Pages of those 343 roses in the Rose Use Gallery



Most of the Roses with their Rose Description Pages in ROSE GALLERY come from R.V. Roger nursery and this Rose INDEX gives you the quick access from these comparison pages.


Gay Gordons Not available to buy in June 2014

Gentle Touch Pot Hed

Gertrude Jekyll Hed

Giggles Cut Exh Pot

Gipsy Boy Cli

Glad Tidings Bed Cut Pot Hed

Glenfiddich Bed Pot Hed

Gloire de Dijon Pot

Glowing Amber Bed Cut Exh Pot

Golden Chersonese Bed

Golden Rambler Cli Tre

Golden Showers Cli

Golden Wedding Bed

Goldilocks Bed

Grace Abounding Bed Pot Hed

Grace de Monaco Bed Pot

Grace Donnelly Bed

Graham Thomas Pot Hed

Gwent Gro Pot


Nevada Cli Hed Woo

New Dawn Cli

Nozomi Gro Pot




Roses in this Gallery
Link Index contains the following:-

Rose Name Link followed by Rose Colour Link:-

2 Colours 1
2 Colours 2

followed by Rose Use:-

Bed for Bedding
Cli for Climber/Pillar
Cut for Cut-Flower
Exh for Exhibition , Speciman
Gro for Ground-Cover
Pot for Grow in Container
Hed for Hedge
Tre for Climber in Tree
Woo for Woodland


Acapulco Bed

Adelaide d' Orleans Cli Hed Tre

Admiral Rodney Exh Woo

Affirm Bed Exh

Alba Maxima Hed Woo

Alberic Barbier Cli Pot Tre

Albertine Cli Tre

Alchymist Cli

Alecs Red Bed

Alexander Hed Cut

Aloha Cli Cut

Amber Queen Bed Cut Pot

Amber Star Bed
Cut Exh Pot

Amber Sunset Bed
Cut Exh Pot

American Pillar Cli Gro Tre

Anabell Bed

Apricot Silk Bed Cut

Arizona Sunset Bed
Cut Exh Pot

Arthur Bell Bed Cut Pot Hed

Arthur Bell Climbing Cli Hed Tre

Arthur Merrill Bed

Autumn Bed


Halle Bed Hed

Handel Cli

Hannah Hauxwell Pot

Hanne Bed

Harry Wheatcroft Bed

Heaven Scent Bed Cut Pot Hed

Helens Trust Bed Exh

Henri Martin Hed


Hilde Cut Exh

Honorine de Brabant Cli

Hot Chocolate Bed Pot

Hot Tamale Bed Cut Exh Pot


Old Glory Cut Exh

Orangeade Bed Hed

Orange Sensation Bed Hed


Veilchenblau Cli Tre

Vera Parker Exh

Voice of Thousands Bed


Roses in this Gallery
Link Index contains the following:-

Rose Name Link followed by Rose Colour Link:-

2 Colours 1
2 Colours 2

followed by Rose Use:-

Bed for Bedding
Cli for Climber/Pillar
Cut for Cut-Flower
Exh for Exhibition , Speciman
Gro for Ground-Cover
Pot for Grow in Container
Hed for Hedge
Tre for Climber in Tree
Woo for Woodland




Rose INDEX Page includes bloom colour thumbnail, rose use, height and width with link to its Rose Description Page.


Baby Bio Bed Pot Hed

Baby Boomer Bed

Baby Katie Bed
Cut Exh Pot

Baby Masquerade Bed
Cut Pot

Ballerina Bed

Baron Girod de L'Ain Hed

Barry Stephens Bed Cut Exh

Behold Bed Cut
Exh Pot

Berkshire Gro Pot

Betty's Smile Bed

Big Chief Cut Exh

Birthday Girl Bed Pot Hed

Black Jack Cli
Cut Exh

Blanc Double de Coubert Pot Hed

Blessings Bed Cut

Blossom Time Cli

Blue Moon Bed Cut Exh Pot

Blush Noisette Cli

Bob Woolley Cut Exh

Bobby Charlton Cut Exh Pot

Bonica Gro Pot Hed

Bonn Hed

Breath of Life Cli Cut

Buff Beauty Pot Hed



Iceberg (Climber) Cli

Iceberg (Shrub) Bed Cut Pot Hed

Incognito Cut Exh

Ingrid Bergman Bed Cut Pot

Irenes Delight Bed Cut

Irresistible Cut Exh


Paddy McGredy Bed Pot Hed

Party Girl Cut Exh

Pascali Bed Cut Pot

Paul Crampel Gro Pot Hed

Pauls Himalayan Musk Cli

Pauls Lemon Pillar Cli Cut

Pauls Scarlet Cli Tre

Pax Hed

Peace Cut Exh Hed

Pearl Drift Gro Pot

Peer Gynt Bed Cut Exh Pot Hed

Penelope Pot Hed

Peppermint Ice Bed Cut

Perle d'Or Exh


Pierrine Cut Exh

Pink Grootendorst Pot Hed Woo

Pink Parfait Bed Cut Pot Hed

Pink Perpetue Cli

Prestige Exh Hed

Prima Ballerina Bed Cut

Prosperity Hed



Warm Welcome Cli Pot

Wedding Day Climbing Cli Tre Woo

Wendy Cussons Cut Exh

Whisky Mac Bed
Cut Pot

White Bath Pot Hed

Wilhelm Hed

Winchester Cathedral Bed Pot Hed

Woburn Abbey Bed
Cut Pot Hed





Roses in this Gallery
Link Index contains the following:-

Rose Name Link followed by Rose Colour Link:-

2 Colours 1
2 Colours 2

followed by Rose Use:-

Bed for Bedding
Cli for Climber/Pillar
Cut for Cut-Flower
Exh for Exhibition , Speciman
Gro for Ground-Cover
Pot for Grow in Container
Hed for Hedge
Tre for Climber in Tree
Woo for Woodland




Rose INDEX Page includes bloom colour thumbnail, rose use, height and width with link to its Rose Description Page.


Cabbage Rose Woo

Caledonian Bed

Camaieux Cut
Pot Hed

Cantabrigiensis Woo

Castle of Mey Bed

Catherine Cookson Bed Cut Exh

Cecile Brunner White Bed Pot

Chanelle Bed Hed

Charlotte Bed

Chelsea Belle Cut Exh

Chicago Peace Bed Cut Hed

Childs Play Bed
Cut Exh

Chinatown Bed Hed

Chloe Star

City of Leeds Bed Hed

Columbian Climber Cli Cut Pot

Compassion Cli Cut

Complicata Cli Exh Hed

Copper Delight Bed

Cornelia Pot Hed

Crimson Glory Bed

Crimson Glory Climber Cli Cut

Crimson Rambler Tre



James Mason Pot Hed

Jan Guest Bed

Jean Kenneally Cut Exh

Jean Mermoz Bed Gro Pot

Jemma Giblin Pot

Jilly Jewel Bed Cut Exh Pot

Jiminy Cricket Bed Pot Hed

Josephine Bruce Bed Pot

Just Jenny Pot

Just Joey Bed Pot




X Rated
Cut Exh




Roses in this Gallery
Link Index contains the following:-

Rose Name Link followed by Rose Colour Link:-

2 Colours 1
2 Colours 2

followed by Rose Use:-

Bed for Bedding
Cli for Climber/Pillar
Cut for Cut-Flower
Exh for Exhibition , Speciman
Gro for Ground-Cover
Pot for Grow in Container
Hed for Hedge
Tre for Climber in Tree
Woo for Woodland




Rose INDEX Page includes bloom colour thumbnail, rose use, height and width with link to its Rose Description Page.


Daily Sketch Bed Hed

Dancing Flame Bed
Cut Exh Pot

Danse de Feu Cli


Darling Jenny Cut Exh

Dawn Chorus Bed

Daybreak Pot Hed

Dearest Bed Hed

Debbie Thomas Cut Exh

Deep Secret Bed Cut

Deidre Hall Bed Cut Exh

Die Welt Bed Cut

Dog Rose Hed Tre

Don Charlton Bed Cut Exh

Doreen Bed

Doris Morgan Bed Pot

Doris Tysterman Bed Cut Pot Hed

Dorothy Perkins Gro

Double Delight Cut Pot

Double Gold Cut Exh Pot

Dr Dick Bed
Cut Exh

Dr John Dickman Bed Cut
Exh Pot

Dublin Bay Cli Hed

Dutch Gold Bed Cut Exh


Katharine Zeimet Gro Hed

Kathleen Exh

Kathleen Harrop Bed Cli

Kazanlik Woo

Kiftsgate Cli Gro Tre

Kim Bed Pot Hed

Kitty Hawk Cut Exh

Korona Bed Pot Hed

Korresia Bed Pot Hed

Kristin Bed Cut Exh





Rachel Kathleen Bed Hed

Rambling Rector Hed Tre Woo

Red Coat Cli Hed Woo

Red Devil Cut Exh

Red Splendour Bed

Regensberg Bed Pot

Remember Me Bed

Rosa banksiae lutea Cli

Rosa x centifolia muscosa Exh

Rosa foetida bicolor Bed Cli Pot

Rosa gallica officinalis Cut Pot Hed

Rosa gallica versicolor Cut Pot Hed

Rosa glauca Cut Hed Woo

Rosa hugonis Woo

Rosa mulliganii Cli Gro Tre

Rosa multi-bracteata Cerise Bouquet Cli Exh Woo

Rosa moyesii Cli Woo

Rosa nutkana Plena Pot Woo

Rosa pimpinellifolia Pot Hed Woo

Rosa rugosa Hed Woo

Rosa rugosa alba Hed Woo

Rosa rugosa atropurpurea Hed Woo

Rosa villosa Exh

Rosemary Rose Bed Cut Pot Hed

Roseraie de l'Hay Hed Woo

Rosy Cushion Gro Pot

Royal Gold Cli Cut

Royal Highness Bed Cut Exh

Royal Salute Cut Exh

Royal William Bed Cut Pot

Ruby Baby Cut Exh

Ruby Pendant Cut Exh Hed

Ruby Wedding Bed Cut Pot



Yorkshire Lady
Cut Exh




Roses in this Gallery
Link Index contains the following:-

Rose Name Link followed by Rose Colour Link:-

2 Colours 1
2 Colours 2

followed by Rose Use:-

Bed for Bedding
Cli for Climber/Pillar
Cut for Cut-Flower
Exh for Exhibition , Speciman
Gro for Ground-Cover
Pot for Grow in Container
Hed for Hedge
Tre for Climber in Tree
Woo for Woodland




Rose INDEX Page includes bloom colour thumbnail, rose use, height and width with link to its Rose Description Page.



Elizabeth of Glamis Bed Cut Hed

Emily Gray Tre

Ena Harkness Bed

Ena Harkness Climbing Cli Cut

English Miss Bed Pot Hed

Escapade Bed Cut
Exh Pot Hed

Etoile de Hollande Climbing Cli

Evelyn Fison Bed Pot Hed

Excelsa Gro Tre


Lady Sylvia Bed Cut Cut Pot

Lady Sylvia Climbing Cli Hed Tre

Lady Penzance Woo

Laura Ford Cli Pot

L.D. Braithwaite Cut Gro Pot

Leicester Abbey Bed

Liberty Bell Bed Cut Exh Pot

Lili Marlene Bed

Lincolnshire Poacher Bed

Linville Cut Exh

Little Amy Bed Cut Exh Pot

Little Dorrit Bed Pot

Little Jackie Cut Exh

Little Muff Cut Exh

Living Fire Bed Cut Hed

Lord Penzance Hed Woo

Luis Desamero Cut Exh



Sanders White Rambler
Gro Tre

Sarah Van Fleet Pot Hed Woo

Scentsational Cut Exh

Schneelicht Hed Woo

Schoolgirl Cli

Seagull Tre

Selfridges Cut Exh

Shailer's White Moss Cli

Signature Bed Exh

Silver Anniversary Cut Exh

Silver Jubilee Bed Pot Hed

Silver Wedding Bed Cut Pot

Sir Neville Marriner Bed

Someday Soon Cut Exh

Southampton Bed Pot Hed

Souvenir de Claudius Denoyel Cli

St Cecilia Bed Cut Pot Hed

Starship Bed Cut Exh Pot

Sunblest Bed Cut Pot

Sunset Boulevard Bed

Super Star Bed Cut Pot Hed

Sweet Briar Pot Hed Woo

Sweet Caroline Cut Exh

Sweet Dream Bed Pot Hed



Zephirine Drouhin Cli Tre





Roses in this Gallery
Link Index contains the following:-

Rose Name Link followed by Rose Colour Link:-

2 Colours 1
2 Colours 2

followed by Rose Use:-

Bed for Bedding
Cli for Climber/Pillar
Cut for Cut-Flower
Exh for Exhibition , Speciman
Gro for Ground-Cover
Pot for Grow in Container
Hed for Hedge
Tre for Climber in Tree
Woo for Woodland




Rose INDEX Page includes bloom colour thumbnail, rose use, height and width with link to its Rose Description Page.


Fairhope Bed Cut Exh

Fancy Pants Bed
Cut Exh Pot

Fantin Latour Hed Woo

Felicia Exh Pot Hed

Fifi Bed
Cut Pot

Figurine Bed
Cut Exh Pot

Fimbriata Hed Woo

Fragrant Cloud Bed Pot

Fragrant Delight Bed Pot Hed

Francois Juranville Gro Tre

Frau Astrid Spath Bed Pot

Freddie Mercury Bed

Fred Loads Exh Hed

Freedom Bed Pot

Fru Dagmar Hartopp Gro Pot Woo

Fru Dagmar Hastrup

Fruhlingsduft Hed

Fruhlingsgold Hed Woo

Fruhlingsmorgen Hed Woo



Madamme Alfred Carriere Cli Cut Tre

Madamme Caroline Testout Climbing

Madamme Gregoire Staechelin

Madamme Isaac Periere Cli

Maidens Blush Great Cli Cut Hed Woo

Maidens Blush Small Cut Pot Hed Woo

Maigold Cli Tre

Margaret Hall Bed Cut Exh

Margaret Merril Bed Cut Pot Hed

Margo Koster Bed Gro Pot Hed

Marguerite Hilling Cli Hed Woo

Marlena Bed Gro Pot Hed Hed

Masquerade Bed Pot Hed

Masquerade Climbing Cli

Matangi Bed Hed

Max Graf Gro

McGredy's Sunset Bed

McGredys Yellow Bed Cut

Merlot Bed Cut Exh

Mermaid Cli

Michel Cholet Cut Exh

Michele Meilland Bed Cut Pot

Mike Thompson Cut Exh

Minnie Pearl Cut Exh Pot

Miss Flippins Cut Exh

Moonlight Hed

Morning Jewel Cli

Mother's Love Cut Exh

Mrs Herbert Stevens Climbing Cli Cut

Mrs Sam McGredy Climbing Cli Cut

Muff's Pet Cut Exh

Myra Bed


Tequila Sunrise Bed Pot Hed

Thats Jazz Cli Pot Tre

The Crested Provence Rose Woo

The Fairy Bed Gro Pot Hed

The Field Rose Gro Hed Woo

The Queen Elizabeth Rose Cut Pot Hed

Thinking of You Bed

This is The Day Bed Cut Exh Pot

Tickled Pink Bed Exh

Tina Turner Bed

Tip Top Bed Pot Hed

Tom Foster Bed

Tony Jacklin Bed Cut Exh Hed

Topsi Bed Pot Hed

Tropical Twist Cut Exh

Trumpeter Bed Pot Hed

Tuscany Superb Cut Pot Hed

Twice in a Blue Moon Bed Cut Pot



Roses in this Gallery
Link Index contains the following:-

Rose Name Link followed by Rose Colour Link:-

2 Colours 1
2 Colours 2

followed by Rose Use:-

Bed for Bedding
Cli for Climber/Pillar
Cut for Cut-Flower
Exh for Exhibition , Speciman
Gro for Ground-Cover
Pot for Grow in Container
Hed for Hedge
Tre for Climber in Tree
Woo for Woodland




Rose INDEX Page includes bloom colour thumbnail, rose use, height and width with link to its Rose Description Page.


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