Ivydene Gardens Cabbage Wild Flower Family Gallery:
Crucifer or Cabbage Family Page 2

 

Click on Underlined Text in:-

Common Name to view that Plant Description Page
Botanical Name to link to Plant or Seed Supplier
Flowering Months to view photos
Habitat to view further Natural Habitat details and Botanical Society of the British Isles Distribution Map

Crucifer Family:-

"Mostly non-woody plants, with flowers in erect spikes or heads, the 4 petals arranged clockwise, 4 sepals and usually 6 stamens. The seeds are contained in a usually beaked pod, developing above the petals." from Collins Pocket Guide to Wild Flowers by David McClintock and R.S.R. Fitter assisted by Francis Rose - ISBN 0 00 219363 9 - Eleventh Impression 1978.

"Some other superficially similar 4-petalled flowers are Greater Celandine (Poppy Family), Tormentil and other Potentillas (Rose Family), Willowherbs (Willow-Herb Family) and Bedstraws (Bedstraw Family)." from The Wild Flowers of Britain and Northern Europe by R.Fitter, A.Fitter and M. Blamey (ISBN 0 00 219715 4 paperback 0 00 219765 0 hardback) reprinted .

Crucifer Family plant table with its Common Name - Botanical Name. Flowering Months Range. Habitat with link to that Wild Flower Gallery:-

Common Name

Botanical Name

Flowering Months

Habitat

Hutchinsia alpina

(Alpen-Gemskresse, Chamois Cress, Crystal Carpet, Rzezuszka)

Hornungia alpina

(Hutchinsia alpina, Pritzelago alpina)

March-May

Walls, Sand, Rock (bare places on limestone, walls and sand-dunes). Is sometimes grown as an ornamental plant in gardens.

fhutchinsiafloalpina

fhutchinsiaflosalpina

fhutchinsiafolalpina

fhutchinsiaforalpina

Flower on 15 May

Flowers on 15 May

Foliage on 15 May

Form on 15 May

Hutchinsia

(Zwerg-Steppenkresse, Hutchinia)

Hornungia petraea

March-May

A winter-annual of very open habitats on calcareous soils and rocks which are subject to summer drought, especially on rocky slopes on Carboniferous limestone and on fixed but open sand dunes. It also occurs as an alien on garden walls and in chalk-pits. Generally lowland, but reaching 490 m near Hawes (N.W. Yorks.).

fhutchinsiaflo1

item237a

item3a1

item4a1

Flower from Monsal Dale on 24 May

Flowers

Foliage

Form

Lady's Smock

(Syn. Cuckoo Flower, Berro de Prado, Cardamine des pres, Cressen, Cressonette, Meadow Cress, Saint George, Saint Jean, Spinks, Wiesen-Schaumkraut, Yabani Tere Otu)

Cardamine pratensis

April-June

A perennial herb of wet grassy places on moderately fertile, seasonally waterlogged soils in woods, wet meadows, fens and flushes. In upland areas it is also found in rush pasture and bryophyte-rich springs. It occasionally persists in gardens and lawns. It is morphologically and cytologically variable, many clones reproducing by rooting from the leaves. 0-1080 m (Ben Lawers, Mid Perth).

fladysflosmock

fladysflossmock

fladysflobudssmock

fladysforsmock

Flower from Loe Bar in Cornwall on 22 May

Flowers May

Flower Buds May

Form from Ivy Hatch in Kent on 28 April

Large Bittercress

Cardamine amara

May-June

A perennial winter-green herb of streamsides and marshes, wet meadows and wet woodland, often growing in slow-moving or still water, preferring an acidic substrate and tolerant of shade. Generally lowland, but reaching 640 m in the Ochil Hills (W. Perth).

flargeflobittercress

flargeflosbittercress

flargefolbittercress

flargeforbittercress

Flower from Eynsford on 21 May

Flowers from Triesenberg in Liechenstein on 19 May

Foliage from Eynsford on 21 May

Form from Eynsford on 19 May

London Rocket

(Glanz-Rauke)

Sisymbrium irio

May-August

This annual is occasionally naturalised in waste places, in pavement cracks and on roadsides, banks and walls, but is more frequently found as a casual, sometimes with grain imports and formerly as a wool alien. Lowland. London Rocket comes from its abundance after the great fire of London in 1666.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Long-Leaved Scurvy-Grass (Syn. English Scurvy-Grass, Scurvy Grass)

Cochlearia anglica

April-May

A biennial to perennial herb found in saltmarshes on soft, silty substrates, and in firmer areas of mud (and on sea-walls) near the high water mark of estuaries and tidal rivers. Unlike C. officinalis and C. danica, it is not found by roads. Lowland.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lundy Cabbage

Rhynchosinapis wrightii

(Brassicella wrightii, Coincya wrightii)

June-August

A perennial, occasionally biennial, herb, mainly found in open communities on S.-facing cliffs. It will grow on flat ground on the tops of cliffs, but only where protected from grazing animals and shielded from invading shrubs. Recent evidence suggests that seed can be dispersed in sea water. Lowland.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Marsh Yellow Cress???

(Marsh Cress, Yellow Cress, Yellow Watercress), Northern Yellow-cress)

Rorippa islandica

(Sisymbrium islandicum)

June onwards

An annual or short-lived perennial herb found in open, muddy habitats such as lake, pond and pool margins, ditch banks, depressions in pasture, in turloughs and rarely on rocks by rivers. There are also records from waste ground and tips. Lowland.

fmarshfruyellowcress

fmarshfrusyellowcress

fmarshfolyellowcress

fmarshforyellowcress

Flower

Flowers

Foliage

Form

Moretti's Sea Radish

(Mediterranean Radish, Sea Radish, Italian Wild Radish)

Raphanus landra

(Raphanus raphanistrum subsp. landra, and 8 others)

June-August

A biennial or perennial herb found in open coastal grassland, sand dunes, shingle, cliffs and disturbed ground by the sea. On parts of the east coast of Britain it grows on muddy shores. Lowland.

fmorettisflosearadish1

fmorettisflossearadish1

fmorettisfolsearadish1

fmorettisforsearadish1

Flower from Dawlish Warren in Devon in June

Flowers from Dawlish Warren in Devon in June

Foliage from Dawlish Warren in Devon in June

Form from Dawlish Warren in Devon in June

Narrow-Leaved Bittercress

(Spring-Schaumkraut)

Cardamine impatiens

June-July

A biennial herb found in woodland (particularly under Fraxinus), on moist limestone rocks (including the grikes of limestone pavement) and stable screes, by rivers and on damp roadsides; rarely found as a garden escape. It is intolerant of competition, but can be invasive in recently disturbed habitats. 0-610 m (Ingleborough, Mid-W. Yorks.).

fnarrowfloleavedbittercress

fnarrowflosleavedbittercress

fnarrowfolleavedbittercress

fnarrowforleavedbittercress

Flower June

Flowers from Rochester in Kent

Foliage from Rochester in Kent on 19 July

Form from Rochester in Kent on 19 July

Narrow-Leaved Pepperwort

(Ornamental Cress, Peppergrass, Stinkende Kresse)

Lepidium ruderale

June-August

An annual, or rarely biennial, herb of banks and bare waste land near the sea, and of salted road verges. It is also frequent as a casual of roadsides, rubbish tips, gardens and waste places. Lowland.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

New Zealand Bittercress

Cardamine corymbosa

(Cardamine hirsuta var. corymbosa)

April

An annual which has spread as a horticultural contaminant and is naturalised on paths, cultivated ground, rockeries and in pavement cracks. It reproduces by seed and leaf-tip rooting. Lowland.

fnewflozealandbittercress

fnewfrujuvzealandbittercress

fnewfolzealandbittercress

fnewforzealandbittercress

Flower from Rochester in Kent in April

Juvenile Seed Pod

Foliage

Form from Rochester in Kent

Northern Rock-Cress

Cardaminopsis petraea

(Arabis petraea)

June-August

A perennial herb of very open sites on acidic and basic rocks and rock ledges, on montane cliff faces and screes and on sea-cliffs. It is also found on river shingle and on serpentine fellfield in Shetland. Being a colonist of open habitats, populations can be transient at particular sites, and the species has a curiously disjunct distribution. From near sea level (Shetland) to at least 1220 m (Braeriach, S. Aberdeen).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rape

(Canola Oil Plant, Colza, Colza Oil Plant, Field Mustard, Nabo, Naveterinary, Rapeseed, Salad Rape)

Brassica napus

April onwards

An annual or biennial, rarely perennial, herb of disturbed ground on roadsides, waste and cultivated ground, rubbish tips and docks. Lowland, but casual at 420 m at Stainmore (Westmorland). Rapeseed was the third leading source of vegetable oil in the world in 2000.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Raphanus landra (perhaps a hybrid of Sea Radish and Cultivated Radish)

Same as Moretti's Sea Radish above

Raphanus landra Moretti

June-August

Drift line and cliffs on sandy and rocky shores

fraphanusflolandra

fraphanusfloslandra

fraphanusfollandra

fraphanusforlandra

Flower from Dawlish Warren in Devon in June

Flowers from Dawlish Warren in Devon in June

Foliage from Dawlish Warren in Devon in June

Form from Dawlish Warren in Devon in June

Rock Whitlow-Grass

Draba norvegica

May-June

A perennial tufted herb of base-rich rocks, occurring on rock ledges, in crevices in cliffs, on consolidated scree and in other bare places. Upland, from 310 m in Glendhu Forest (W. Sutherland) to 1160 m on Ben Lawers (Mid Perth), and more frequent at the higher end of that range in Scottish mountains.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rosy Cress

Arabis rosea

(Arabis collina)

April

A tufted perennial herb found as a casual or naturalised garden escape on walls and banks. Reproduction is by seed. Lowland.

frosyflocress

frosyfolcress

frosyforcress

Flower in April

Flowers

Foliage in April

Form in April

Sea Kale

(Choux-Marin, Col Marina, Couve-Marinha, Meerkohl)

Crambe maritima

(Crambe pontica)

June-August

A long-lived perennial herb of shingle and boulder beaches, very occasionally found on dunes (but only where these overlay shingle) and on cliffs. It reproduces by seed and from detached pieces of root. Lowland.

fseaflokale

fseafloskale

fseafolkale

fseaforkale

Flower from Dungeness in June

Flowers from Camber on 29 May

Foliage from Dungeness in July

Form from Dungeness in Kent in July

Sea Radish

Raphanus raphanistrum ssp. maritimus

June-August

A biennial or perennial herb found in open coastal grassland, sand dunes, shingle, cliffs and disturbed ground by the sea. On parts of the east coast of Britain it grows on muddy shores. Lowland.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sea Rocket

(Cakilier, Caquillier maritime, Oruga Maritima, Roqueta de mar, Roquette-de-mer, Strandrauke)

Cakile maritima

(Eruka marina)

June-August

An annual, predominately found on sandy seashores and on fore-dunes. It is often very frequent along the winter storm tide-line where there is a good source of nutrients. It is rarer on shingle beaches and is only an occasional casual elsewhere. Seeds are dispersed by tides. Lowland.

fseaflorocket

fseaflosrocket

fseafolrocket

fseaforrocket

Flower May

Flowers October

Foliage from Shellness in August

Form from Shellness in August

Sea Stock

(Hoary Stock)

Matthiola incana

May-July

A short-lived perennial, well-naturalised on sea-cliffs, shingle and other habitats by the sea, and occasionally inland where it is more obviously a garden escape. Lowland.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Small-flowered Land-Cress (Syn. Small-flowered Wintercress)

Barbarea stricta

May-July

A biennial or perennial herb of moist places by rivers, ditches, canals and marshes, and a rare casual of waste places. Lowland.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shepherd's Cress

(Barestem, Bauernsenf)

Teesdalia nudicaulis

(Capsella nudicaulis, Cruciform teesdalia, Guepinia nudicaulis, Lepidium scapiferum, Teesdalia iberis, Thlaspi nudicaulis)

April-June

A winter-annual of acidic, well-drained sandy soils on heathlands, sand dunes, shingle and gravels, on sandy lake shores in Ireland, by railways and on coal and cinder tips. It prefers bare or disturbed ground. Generally lowland, but reaching 455 m on Ben More (Mid Ebudes) and Wasdale Screes (Cumberland).

fshepherdsflocress

fshepherdsfloscress

fshepherdsfolcress

fshepherdsforcress

Flower May

Flowers from Dungeness in Kent on 29 April

Foliage May

Form May

Shepherd's Purse

(Bourse de cure, Bourse-a-pasteur, Coeur de cure, Hirtentaschelkraut, Ji cai, Mother's Heart, Zurron de Pastor)

Capsella bursa-pastoris

(Thlaspi bursa-pastoris)

January-December

An annual, germinating throughout the year in suitable conditions and ubiquitous in many disturbed and nutrient-rich habitats. It is an abundant weed on waste ground and in gardens, and is frequent in cultivated fields, particularly amongst broad-leaved crops. It avoids the wettest and most acidic soils. It has a very long-lived seed bank. 0-780 m (Knock Fell, Westmorland).

fshepherdsflopurse

fshepherdsflowithstempurse

fshepherdsfolpurse

fshepherdsforpurse

Flower May

Flower with Seeds June

Foliage from Rochester in Kent in May

Form from Rochester in Kent in May

Shepherd's Purse (rubella)

(Rotliches Hirtentaschelkraut, Pink Shepherd's Purse)

Capsella rubella

January-December

An annual or biennial of cultivated and waste ground, possibly arising as a casual grain impurity. Lowland. Normal habitat is in Mediterranean Region, East Europe and West Asia.

fshepherdsflorubellapurse

fshepherdsflosrubellapurse

fshepherdsfrurubellapurse

fshepherdsforrubellapurse

Flower June

Flowers June

Seed Head June

Form May

Slender Wart Cress (Syn. Lesser Swinecress, Swine Cress, Zweiknotiger Krahenfuss)

Coronopus didymus

June-September

An annual or biennial herb of damp, often winter-wet soils, occurring on cultivated and waste ground, and frequently found in gardens and lawns, by paths and roadsides and on rubbish tips. Lowland.

fslenderflowartcress

fslenderflobudswartcress

fslenderfolwartcress

fslenderforwartcress

Flower from Mereworth in Kent

Flower Buds from Mereworth in Kent

Foliage from Mereworth in Kent

Form from Mereworth in Kent

Small Alison

(Kelch-Steinkraut, Pale Madwort)

Alyssum alyssoides

(Alyssum calycinum, Alyssum campestre, Alyssum minus, Clypeola alyssoides, Clypeola campestris)

April-June

A casual annual, appearing erratically in arable fields, sandy tracks, pits, waste ground and docks. Very rarely it persists in the same habitats, but it is a poor competitor and needs regular disturbance to provide open soil for seedlings. Lowland.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Smith's Cress

(Smith's Pepperwort, Verschieden-blattrige Kresse)

Lepidium smithii

(Lepidium heterophyllum)

May-August

A perennial, or rarely biennial, herb of acidic soils in dry heathy and gravelly places. It is also frequent on shingle, railway ballast and embankments, and, less commonly, in arable fields. It is tolerant of grazing. Generally lowland, but reaching 425 m (Sow of Atholl, E. Perth).

fsmithsflocress

fsmithsfloscress

fsmithsflobudscress

fsmithsforcress

Flower June

Flowers from Fishguard in Wales 14 July

Flower Buds June

Form from Dartmoor in May

Sterile Watercress

(Hybrid Watercress)

Rorippa x sterilis

(Nasturtium x sterile)

June onwards

A perennial herb occurring in and beside water, especially in streams, ditches and ponds, either with its parents or independently of them. Few well-formed seeds are produced, and effective reproduction is almost entirely vegetative.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stinkweed

(Mauer-Doppelsame, Wall Rocket, Wild Rocket)

Diplotaxis muralis

(Rucola sylvatica, Sisymbrium murale)

May-September

An annual or short-lived perennial herb found in a variety of dry, open habitats. It is most frequent in waste places such as by railways, roads and on tips, but is also found on rocks, cliffs, walls and in gardens. It is occasionally cultivated and ploughed in as a `green manure`. Lowland. It has a nauseously disgusting smell so do not eat it.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sweet Alison

(Gazon de Marie, Mary's Cushion, Sea Alyssum, Steinkraut, Sweet Alyssum, White Alyssum)

Lobularia maritima

(Alyssum maritima, Lobularia benthamii)

June-September

An annual, biennial or perennial herb, naturalised on sea-cliffs, sand dunes and open ground near the sea, and occurring as a casual inland in a variety of waste ground habitats. It sets seed readily but persists only in mild regions. Lowland. This is a favourite of council bedding schemes.

fsweetfloalison

fsweetflosalison

fsweetfolalison

fsweetforalison

Flower September

Flowers September

Foliage September

Form September

Thale Cress

(Mouse-Ear Cress, Schmalwand)

Arabidopsis thaliana

(Arabis thaliana, Sisymbrium thalianum)

April-July

This winter-annual is a pioneer species, intolerant of competition, which is found on rocky ground, dunes and other open sandy or calcareous habitats. It is also very frequent as a weed in gardens and nurseries, and on all sorts of waste ground, especially by railways. 0-850 m (Meall nan Tarmachan, Mid Perth).

fthaleflocress

fthalefloscress

fthalefolcress

fthaleforcress

Flower from Rochester in Kent in April

Flowers from Farningham in June

Foliage from Farningham in June

Form

Tower-cress (Syn. Tower Rock-cress, Turm-Gansenkresse)

Arabis turrita

May-August

A tufted biennial or perennial herb occurring as a naturalised or casual garden escape on old walls; also arising as a grain alien. Lowland.

ftowerfolcress

ftowerforcress

Flower

Flowers

Foliage from Rochester in Kent on 25 May

Form from Rochester in Kent in June

Tower Mustard

(Tower Cress)

Turritis glabra

(Arabis glabra)

May-July

A biennial, rarely perennial, herb of grassy places and on disturbed ground on free-draining sandy soils over chalk and limestone. Lowland. Endangered species in the UK.

ftowerflomustard

ftowerflosmustard

ftowerfolmustard

ftowerformustard

Flower from Rochester in Kent on 19 June

Flowers from Rochester in Kent on 19 June

Foliage from Rochester in Kent on 19 June

Form from Rochester in Kent on 19 June

Treacle Mustard

(Wormseed Wallflower, Ukonnauris, Pszonak drobnokwiatowy)

Erysimum cheiranthoides

(Cheirinia cheiranthoides)

June onwards

An annual, locally frequent in arable fields but common also as a weed of waste ground, roadsides and railways. It prefers sandy ground. Mainly lowland, but recorded at 435 m (Clun Forest, Salop).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tumbling Mustard

(Hohe Rauke, Jim Hill Mustard, Mountain Mustard, Tall rocket, Tall Sisymbrium, Tumble Mustard)

Sisymbrium altissimum

(Erysimum altissimum)

June-August

An annual which is frequently naturalised on rubbish tips and waste ground, and by roads and railways. It is a contaminant of bird-seed and grass-seed mixtures. Populations can be short-lived. Lowland.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Twisted Whitlow-Grass

(Drave blanchatre, Hoary Whitlowgrass)

Draba incana

May-July

A morphologically variable biennial or perennial tufted herb, which is usually found on limestone rock ledges, screes and pavements, and occasionally in open grassland on thin droughted soils. It also occurs on sand dunes and, more rarely, on base-rich mica-schists and igneous rocks, and on sandstone cliffs. From sea level, but more commonly an upland plant, reaching 1080 m in the Breadalbanes (Mid Perth).

ftwistedflowhitlowgrass

ftwistedfloswhitlowgrass

ftwistedfolwhitlowgrass

ftwistedforwhitlowgrass

Flower from Alt Nan Uamp in Sutherland on 17 June

Flowers from Alt Nan Uamp in Sutherland on 17 June

Foliage from Teesdale in June

Form from Teesdale in June

Upland Scurvy-Grass

(Cochleaire, Coclearia, Cranson, Cranson officinal, Cucharita, Herbe aux cuillere, Kasikotu, Loffelkraut, Scurvy Grass, Spoonwort)

Cochlearia alpina

(Cochlearia pyrenaica subsp. alpina, Cochlearia officinalis var. alpina, Cochlearia officinalis)

June-August

Cochlearia officinalis subsp. scotica is a biennial or perennial herb which grows in a variety of coastal habitats, including open, stony shores, the crevices between rock and boulders near the sea, shingle spits, sand dunes and short, grazed grassland on cliff-tops and saltmarshes. Lowland. The variation in Cochlearia officinalis s.l. could not be divided satisfactorily into taxa of species rank and so specific conservation of taxa within the complex is not recommended. Instead the maintenance of Cochlearia diversity can be achieved by the continued protection of the habitats in which the ecotypes grow.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wallflower

(Fleur de Nostra-Dama, Flor de pasque, Gillflower, Goldlack, Saint Geourges, Saint Jean, Todrilal, Wild Wallflower)

Cheiranthus cheiri

(Erysimum cheiri)

March-June

A perennial herb widely naturalised on cliffs, old walls and rocks, particularly on calcareous substrates where it is often very persistent. It tolerates poor, thin, dry soils, but a warm site is essential. Lowland.

fwallflowerflo

fwallflowerflos

fwallflowerfol

fwallflowerfor

Flower from Rochester in Kent in May

Flowers from Lyme Regis in May 1979

Foliage

Form from Dorset in May

Wallflower Cabbage

Rhynchosinapis erucastrum

(Erucastrum nasturtiifolium, Sinapis nasturtiifolium, Coincya monensis subsp. cheiranthos plus 22 more)

June-August

An annual or biennial herb naturalised in a few places, for example by docks, roadsides and railways, and on waste ground, but occurring mainly as a casual in a wide variety of waste places. Lowland.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wall Rocket

(Perennial Wall Rocket, Schmalblattriger Doppelsame, Wild Arugula, Wild Rauke, Wild Roquette)

Diplotaxis tenuifolia

(Eruca selvatica, Rucula selvatica, Sisymbrium tenuifolium)

May onwards

A perennial herb, most common in warm, dry habitats, occurring in waste ground, on walls and banks, and in quarries and railway sidings. Lowland. The branches are often used as an ingredient in salads.

fwallflorocket

fwallflosrocket

fwallfolrocket

fwallforrocket

Flower from Strood in Kent on 8 September

Flowers from Strood in Kent on 8 September

Foliage from Strood in Kent on 8 September

Form from Strood in Kent on 8 September

Wall Whitlow-Grass

(Mauer-Felsenblumchen)

Draba muralis

April-June

A winter-annual, found as a native on limestone rocks on open skeletal soils, and on S.-facing ledges and screes. It is also a colonist on old walls, forest tracks and railways, and has been recorded as a garden weed where the conditions of its summer-dry, winter-moist, native habitat are mimicked. Generally lowland, but reaching 490 m in the Craven Pennines (Mid-W. Yorks.).

fwallflowhitlowgrass

fwallflowithstemwhitlowgrass

fwallfolwhitlowgrass

fwallforwhitlowgrass

Flower May

Flower with Stem on 17 May

Foliage on 17 May

Form on 17 May

Watercress

(Agriao, American Water Cress, Berro, Bronkors, Cresson, Cresson d'eau, Cresson de fontaine, Cresson des fontaines, Echte Brunnenkresse, Habb Ar Rashad, Hurf Al May, Lut Putiah, Mizu-Garashi, Oranda-Garashi, Selada-Air, Suterisi)

Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum

(Nasturtium officinale, Nasturtium aquaticum, Nasturtium fontanum, Nasturtium nasturtium-aquatica, Nasturtium officinalis, Radicula nasturtium, Radicula nasturtium-aquaticum, Rorippa nasturtium, Sisymbrium nasturtium, Sysmbrium nasturtium-aquaticu)

June onwards

These perennial herbs grow beside streams both in calcareous and acidic areas, and favour waters that are moderately nutrient-rich but not eutrophic.

fwatercressflo

fwatercressflos

fwatercressfol

fwatercressfor

Flower from Capermacnoghten in County Clare on 17 June

Flowers from Higham in Kent in March

Foliage from Capermacnoghten in County Clare on 17 June

Form from Capermacnoghten in County Clare on 17 June

Wavy Bittercress

Cardamine flexuosa

April-August

A winter- or summer-annual, or rarely a short-lived perennial, most frequent in open, moist, shaded vegetation in marshland, by rivers and streams, and in gardens. It prefers soils which are at least mildly basic, and is absent from those that are strongly acidic. It is an effective colonist of disturbed, fertile habitats. Generally lowland, but reaching 830 m on Snowdon (Caerns.) and 1190 m in the Breadalbanes (Mid Perth).

fwavyflobittercress

fwavyflosbittercress

fwavyfrubittercress

fwavyforbittercress

Flower from Teesdale on 29 May

Flowers from Teesdale on 29 May

Seed Pod developing from Flower from Teesdale on 29 May

Form from Teesdale on 29 May

Warty Cabbage

(Bunias d'orient, Hill mustard, Turkish "Rocket", Zachenschotchen)

Bunias orientalis

May-August

A perennial, or occasionally biennial, herb, very persistent on waste ground, roadsides, docks and railways. Lowland.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

White Mustard

(Bai jie, Mostaza Blanca, Moutarde blanche, Salad Mustard, Senf, Yellow Mustard)

Sinapis alba

(Brassica alba, Brassica hirta)

May onwards

Fields (arable weed on chalky soils). Fodder crop or green manure. Seeds used in White Mustard.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wild Cabbage

(Ornamental Kale, Ornamental Cabbage)

Brassica oleracea

May-August

A perennial herb, found as an apparent native on sea-cliffs, predominantly on chalk and limestone but also on other base-rich substrates. It is most frequent on bare cliff edges, but also grows in maritime grassland and in quarries inland. Elsewhere it is a casual garden escape in waste places and on roadsides. Lowland. Excess cabbage crop at Besthorpe provides winter fodder for hungry sheep.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wild Candytuft

(Candytuft, Bittere Schleifenblume, Bitterer Bauernsenf, Carraspique, Clown's Mustard, Grutzblume, Rocket Candytuft, Teraspic, Thlaspi Blanc)

Iberis amara

(Iberis coronaria)

May-August

An annual, rarely biennial, herb of bare, open ground on S.-facing slopes on chalk, being found in bare places in grassland, particularly rabbit scrapes, and in quarries. It also occurs as an arable weed, and as a casual in a wide variety of ruderal habitats. Lowland. Can be used in homeopathic remedy.

fwildflocandytuft

fwildfloscandytuft

fwildfolcandytuft

fwildforcandytuft

Flower from Folkestone in Kent on 4 July

Flowers from Folkestone in Kent on 4 July

Foliage from Folkestone in Kent on 4 July

Form from Folkestone in Kent on 4 July

Wild Radish

(Hederich, Jointed Charlock, Muli, Rabanillo, Rabanillo Blanco, Rabaniza, Rabano Silvestre, Ravenelle, Runch, Sea Radish)

Raphanus raphanistrum

(Raphanus raphanistrum subsp. raphanistrum)

May onwards

An annual found as a casual or persistent weed in cultivated fields and on roadsides and waste ground.

fwildfloradish1

fwildflobudsradish1

item3a1a1

item4a1a1

Flower June

Flower Buds June

Foliage

Form

Woad

(Ash of Jerusalem, Dyer's Weed, Dyer's Woad, Jerusalem Ash)

Isatis tinctoria

June-August

A biennial or perennial herb, found only in ruderal habitats such as quarries, bare cliffs, arable fields, docks and waste places. It is usually casual, but persists at a few sites including Guildford, Surrey (first recorded in 1814) and Tewkesbury, E. Gloucs. (1818). Lowland.

fwoadflo

fwoadflos

fwoadfol

fwoadfor

Flower May

Flowers 19 May

Foliage July

Form July

Yellow Whitlow-Grass

(Gtodek, Immergrunes Felsenblumchen, Sea-green Whitlow Grass)

Draba aizoides

March-April

This short-lived, cushion-forming, perennial herb is restricted to limestone rocks, where it grows in crevices in humic calcareous soils. Plants that occur in grassland and in bare soil away from rocks seldom survive. Lowland.

fyellowflowhitlowgrass

fyellowfloswhitlowgrass

fyellowfolwhitlowgrass

fyellowforwhitlowgrass

Flower March

Flowers March

Foliage March

Form March

The Botanical Society of the British Isles (BSBI) has the following botanical keys to help you find Wild Flowers:-

"You can find interesting plants everywhere in Britain and Ireland. This site is intended to help you identify them.

On the following pages you will be presented with a questionnaire on the characteristics of the plant you are trying to identify. Fill in the form and press search, the computer will then try and identify the plant you have found.

You may also like to use the system to obtain a check-list of plants from a particular habitat or perhaps find flowers of a particular colour to grow in your garden. Feel free to experiment, there are many uses for the system.

Please feel free to send me your comments, particularly where improvements can be made.

Quentin Groom"

Using these botanical keys and that website, you should be able to identify the native plant.

A Dogs Dinner

At long last, dogs eating their own food using a knife and fork with each dog's food in a bowl, together with the correct etiquette as well as managing their own napkin.

http://www.youtube.com/watch_popup?v=EVwlMVYqMu4&vq=
medium#t=125

 

BLUE WILD FLOWER GALLERY
PAGE MENU

Site Map

Introduction

FLOWER COLOUR Comparison Page,
space,
Site Map page in its flower colour
NOTE Gallery

...Blue Note
...Brown Note
...Cream Note
...Green Note
...Mauve Note
...Multi-Cols Note
...Orange Note
...Pink A-G Note
...Pink H-Z Note
...Purple Note
...Red Note
...White A-D Note
...White E-P Note
...White Q-Z Note
...Yellow A-G Note
...Yellow H-Z Note
...Shrub/Tree Note

BLUE WILD FLOWER GALLERY
PAGE MENU

 

Lists of:-

Edible Plant Parts.

Flower Legend.

Food for
Butterfly/Moth
.

Flowering plants of Chalk and Limestone Page 1
Page 2

Flowering plants of Acid Soil
Page 1

SEED COLOUR
Seed 1
Seed 2

BLUE WILD FLOWER GALLERY
PAGE MENU

 

Habitat Lists:-

Approaching the
Coast (Coastal)
.

Broad-leaved
Woods
.

Grassland - Acid, Neutral, Chalk.

Heaths and Moors.

Hedgerows and Verges.

Lakes, Canals and Rivers.

Marshes, Fens,
Bogs
.

Old Buildings and Walls.

Pinewoods.

River Banks and
other Freshwater Margins
.

Saltmarshes.

Sandy Shores and Dunes.

Shingle Beaches, Rocks and
Cliff Tops
.

Other.
 

BLUE WILD FLOWER GALLERY
PAGE MENU

 

Number of Petals List:-
Without Petals. Other plants
without flowers.
1 Petal or
Composite of
many 1 Petal Flowers as Disc
or Ray Floret .
2 Petals.
3 Petals.
4 Petals.
5 Petals.
6 Petals.
Over 6 Petals.

BLUE WILD FLOWER GALLERY
PAGE MENU

 

Lists of:-

Pollinator.

Poisonous Parts.

Scented Flower, Foliage, Root.

Story of their Common Names.

Use for Flowering Plants

Use for Non-Flowering Plants

 

See Explanation of Structure of this Website with User Guidelines to aid your use of this website.

 

 

 

 

 

CABBAGE WILD FLOWER GALLERY
PAGE MENU


Site Map of pages with content (o)

Introduction

SEED COLOUR
(o)Seed 3

BED PICTURES
(o)Bed 1

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 1


(o)Adder's Tongue
Amaranth
(o)Arrow-Grass
(o)Arum
(o)Balsam
Bamboo
(o)Barberry
(o)Bedstraw
(o)Beech
(o)Bellflower
(o)Bindweed
(o)Birch
(o)Birds-Nest
(o)Birthwort
(o)Bogbean
(o)Bog Myrtle
(o)Borage
(o)Box
(o)Broomrape
(o)Buckthorn
(o)Buddleia
(o)Bur-reed
(o)Buttercup
(o)Butterwort
(o)Cornel (Dogwood)
(o)Crowberry
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 1
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2
Cypress
(o)Daffodil
(o)Daisy
(o)Daisy Cudweeds
(o)Daisy Chamomiles
(o)Daisy Thistle
(o)Daisy Catsears (o)Daisy Hawkweeds
(o)Daisy Hawksbeards
(o)Daphne
(o)Diapensia
(o)Dock Bistorts
(o)Dock Sorrels

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 2


(o)Clubmoss
(o)Duckweed
(o)Eel-Grass
(o)Elm
(o)Filmy Fern
(o)Horsetail
(o)Polypody
Quillwort
(o)Royal Fern
(o)Figwort - Mulleins
(o)Figwort - Speedwells
(o)Flax
(o)Flowering-Rush
(o)Frog-bit
(o)Fumitory
(o)Gentian
(o)Geranium
(o)Glassworts
(o)Gooseberry
(o)Goosefoot
(o)Grass 1
(o)Grass 2
(o)Grass 3
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 1
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 2
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 3 (o)Hazel
(o)Heath
(o)Hemp
(o)Herb-Paris
(o)Holly
(o)Honeysuckle
(o)Horned-Pondweed
(o)Hornwort
(o)Iris
(o)Ivy
(o)Jacobs Ladder
(o)Lily
(o)Lily Garlic
(o)Lime
(o)Lobelia
(o)Loosestrife
(o)Mallow
(o)Maple
(o)Mares-tail
(o)Marsh Pennywort
(o)Melon (Gourd/Cucumber)
 

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 3


(o)Mesem-bryanthemum
(o)Mignonette
(o)Milkwort
(o)Mistletoe
(o)Moschatel
Naiad
(o)Nettle
(o)Nightshade
(o)Oleaster
(o)Olive
(o)Orchid 1
(o)Orchid 2
(o)Orchid 3
(o)Orchid 4
(o)Parnassus-Grass
(o)Peaflower
(o)Peaflower Clover 1
(o)Peaflower Clover 2
(o)Peaflower Clover 3
(o)Peaflower Vetches/Peas
Peony
(o)Periwinkle
Pillwort
Pine
(o)Pink 1
(o)Pink 2
Pipewort
(o)Pitcher-Plant
(o)Plantain
(o)Pondweed
(o)Poppy
(o)Primrose
(o)Purslane
Rannock Rush
(o)Reedmace
(o)Rockrose
(o)Rose 1
(o)Rose 2
(o)Rose 3
(o)Rose 4
(o)Rush
(o)Rush Woodrushes
(o)Saint Johns Wort
Saltmarsh Grasses
(o)Sandalwood
(o)Saxifrage
 

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 4


Seaheath
(o)Sea Lavender
(o)Sedge Rush-like
(o)Sedges Carex 1
(o)Sedges Carex 2
(o)Sedges Carex 3
(o)Sedges Carex 4
(o)Spindle-Tree
(o)Spurge
(o)Stonecrop
(o)Sundew
(o)Tamarisk
Tassel Pondweed
(o)Teasel
(o)Thyme 1
(o)Thyme 2
(o)Umbellifer 1
(o)Umbellifer 2
(o)Valerian
(o)Verbena
(o)Violet
(o)Water Fern
(o)Waterlily
(o)Water Milfoil
(o)Water Plantain
(o)Water Starwort
Waterwort
(o)Willow
(o)Willow-Herb
(o)Wintergreen
(o)Wood-Sorrel
(o)Yam
(o)Yew

 

 

 

 

 

WILD FLOWER GALLERY
PAGE MENU

Site Map of pages with content (o)

Introduction

Poisonous Plants


INDEX LINK TO WILDFLOWER PLANT DESCRIPTION PAGE
a-h
i-p
q-z


FLOWER COLOUR
(o)Blue
(o)Brown
(o)Cream
(o)Green
(o)Mauve
(o)Multi-Coloured
Orange
(o)Pink 1
(o)Pink 2
(o)Purple
(o)Red
(o)White1
(o)White2
(o)White3
(o)Yelow1
(o)Yelow2
(o)Shrub or Small Tree


SEED COLOUR
(o)Seed 1
(o)Seed 2

BED PICTURES
(o)Bed

HABITAT TABLES
Flowers in
Acid Soil

Flowers in
Chalk Soil

Flowers in
Marine Soil

Flowers in
Neutral Soil

Ferns
Grasses
Rushes
Sedges

WILDFLOWER INDEX
Botanical Name
Common Name
 

 

See current Wildflower Common Name Index link Table for more wildflower of the UK common names together with their names in languages from America, Finland, France, Germany, Holland, Italy, Poland, Portugal, Spain and Sweden.

See current Wildflower Botanical Name Index link table for wildflower of the United Kingdom (Great Britain) botanical names.

 

WILD FLOWER Botanical Name INDEX link to Wildflower Family Page; then

Click on Underlined Text in:-

Common Name to view that Plant Description Page
Botanical Name to link to Plant or Seed Supplier
Flowering Months to view photos
Habitat to view further Natural Habitat details and Botanical Society of the British Isles Distribution Map

 

A

G

M

S

Achillea millefolium
Achillea ptarmica

Achyrophorus maculatus

Aconitum anglicum

Aconitum cammarum
Aconitum napellus
Acorus calamus
Actaea spicata
Adiantum capillus-veneris
Adonis annua
Aesculus hippocastanum
Aetopteron lonchitis
Alliaria officinalis
Alliaria petiolata
Alnus cordata
Alnus glutinosa
Alyssum alyssoides
Alyssum calycinum
Alyssum campestre
Alyssum maritima
Alyssum minus
Amaranthus albus
Amaranthus chlorostachys
Amaranthus cruentus
Amaranthus hybridus
Amaranthus paniculatus
Amaranthus retroflexus
Armoracia lapathifolia
Armoracia rusticana
Anaphalis margaritacea
Anchusa arvensis
Anemone apennina
Anemone nemorosa
Anemone pulsatilla
Anemone ranunculoides
Anogramma caespitosa
Anogramma leptophylla
Antennaria dioica
Anthemis arvensis
Anthemis cotula
Anthemis tinctoria
Aponogeton distachyos
Aquilegia pyrenaica
Aquilegia vulgaris
Arabidopsis thaliana Arabis alpina
Arabis brownii
Arabis caucasica
Arabis collina
Arabis glabra
Arabis hirsuta
Arabis petiolata
Arabis petraea
Arabis rosea
Arabis scabra
Arabis stricta
Arabis thaliana
Arabis turrita
Aristolochia clematitis
Artemisia absinthium
Artemisia campestris
Artemesia caudata
Artemesia chamae-melifolia
Artemesia forwoodii
Artemisia maritima
Artemisia norvegica
Artemisia verlotiorum
Artemisia vulgaris
Aspidium lonchitis
Aster linosyris
Arum italicum
Arum italicum subsp. neglectum Arum maculatum
Arum neglectum
Arundinaria jaunsarensis
Arundinaria simonii
Arundinaria vagans
Asarum europaeum
Asperugo procumbens
Asperula cynanchica
Asplenium adiantum-nigrum
Asplenium marinum
Asplenium obovatum
Asplenium ruta-muraria
Asplenium septentrionale
Asplenium trichomanes
Asplenium viride
Aster eminens
Aster junceus
Aster longifolius
Aster novi-belgii
Aster salicfolius
Aster tripolium
Athanasia maritima
Athyrium alpestre
Athyrium distentifolium
Athyrium filix-femina

Galanthus nivalis
Galinsoga aristulata
Galinsoga bicolorata
Galinsoga caracasana
Galinsoga ciliata
Galinsoga
parviflora
Galinsoga quadriradiata

Galium album
Galium aparine
Galium boreale
Galium cruciata
Galium debile
Galium erectum
Galium mollugo
Galium odoratum
Galium palustre
Galium parisiense
Galium pumilum
Galium saxatile
Galium tricorne
Galium tricornutum
Galium uliginosum Galium verum
Glebionis segetum
Gnaphalium luteoalbum
Gnaphalium norvegicum
Gnapalium sylvaticum
Gnaphalium supinum
Gnaphalium uliginosum
Gnaphalium undulatum
Guepinia nudicaulis
Gymnocarpium dryopteris

Mahonia aquifolium
Matricaria chamomilla
Matricaria discoidea
Matricaria matricarioides
Matricaria recutita
Matthiola incana
Matthiola sinuata
Melanosinapis nigra
Menyanthes trifoliata
Mertensia maritima
Monotropa hypopitys
Myagrum paniculatum
Myagrum sativum
Mycelis muralis
Myosotis alpestris
Myosotis arvensis
Myosotis brevifolia
Myosotis caespitosa
Myosotis discolor
Myosotis hispida
Myosotis laxa
Myosotis lingulata
Myosotis palustris
Myosotis ramosissima
Myosotis repens
Myosotis scorpioides
Myosotis secunda
Myosotis sicula
Myosotis stolonifera
Myosotis sylvatica
Myosotis uliginosa
Myosurus minimus
Myra rugosum
Myrica gale

Sasaella ramosa
Sasa palmata
Sasa ramosa
Scorzonera humilis
Scorzoneroides autumnalis
Selaginella selaginoides
Semiarundinaria fastuosa
Senecio aquaticus
Senecio campestris
Senecio capitatus
Senecio cineraria
Senecio erucifolius
Senecio fluviatilis
Senecio integrifolius
Senecio jacobaea
Senecio saracenicus
Senecio smithii
Senecio squalidus
Senecio sylvaticus
Senecio viscosus
Senecio vulgaris
Seriphidium maritimum
Sherardia arvensis
Sinapis alba
Sinapis arvensis
Sinapis incana
Sinapis juncea
Sinapis nasturtiifolium
Sinapis nigra
Sisymbrium alliaria
Sisymbrium altissimum
Sisymbrium gallicum
Sisymbrium islandicum
Sisymbrium loeslelii
Sisymbrium monense
Sisymbrium murale
Sisymbrium nasturtium
Sysmbrium nasturtium-aquaticum
Sisymbrium officinale
Sisymbrium irio
Sisymbrium orientale
Sisymbrium sophia
Sisymbrium tenuifolium
Sisymbrium thalianum
Solidago altissima
Solidago canadensis
Solidago gigantea
Solidago serotina
Solidago serotinoides
Solidago virgaurea
Solidago x leiophallax
Sonchus asper
Sonchus arvensis
Sonchus oleraceus
Sonchus palustris
Sparganium angustifolium
Sparganium emersum
Sparganium erectum
Sparganium minimum
Sparganium natans
Sparganium simplex
Spirodela polyrhiza
Subularia aquatica
Symphyotrichum longifolium
Symphytum asperum
Symphytum asperum x officinale
Symphytum officinale
Symphytum orientale
Symphytum tuberosum
Symphytum x uplandicum

B

H

N

T

Barbarea arcuata
Barbarea intermedia
Barbarea praecox
Barbarea stricta
Barbarea verna
Barbarea vulgaris
Barbarea vulgaris var. arcuata
Barbarea vulgaris var. brachyc
Barbarea vulgaris var. longisi
Barbarea vulgaris var. sylvest
Bellis perennis
Berberis vulgaris
Berteroa incana
Betula nana
Betula pendula
Betula pubescens
Betula verrucosa
Bidens cernua
Bidens frondosa
Bidens tripartita
Blechnum spicant
Borago officinalis
Botrychium lunaria
Brassica adpressa
Brassica alba
Brassica arvensis
Brassica campestris
Brassica hirta
Brassica napus
Brassica nigra
Brassica nigra var. abyssinica
Brassica oleracea
Brassica sinapioides
Brassica sinapistrum
Brassicella monensis
Brassicella wrightii
Buddleja davidii
Buglossoides arvensis
Buglossoides purpurocaerulea
Bunias orientalis
Buxus sempervirens

Helichrysum luteoalbum
Helleborus foetidus

Helleborus viridis
Hesperis matronalis
Hirschfeldia incana
Homogyne alpina
Hornungia alpina
Hornungia petraea
Huperzia selago
Hutchinsia alpina
Hymenophyllum peltatum
Hymenophyllum tunbrigense
Hymenophyllum wilsonii
Hymenophyllum unilaterale
Hypochaeris carpatica
Hypochaeris glabra
Hypochaeris maculata
Hypochaeris radicata
Hypopeltis lonchitis

Nanozostera americana
Narcissus
obvallaris
Narcissus
pseudonarcissus
Narcissus pseudonarcissus subsp. obvallaris
Narcissus pseudoncissus subsp. pseudonarcissus
Nardosmia japonica
Nasturtium aquaticum
Nasturtium armoricia

Nasturtium austriacum
Nasturtium fontanum
Nasturtium microphyllum
Nasturtium nasturtium-aquatica
Nasturtium officinale
Nasturtium officinalis
Nasturtium sylvestre
Nasturtium x sterile
Neslia paniculata
Nymphoides peltata

Tanacetum parthenium
Tanacetum vulgare
Teesdalia iberis

Teesdalia nudicaulis

Tephroseris integrifolia
Thalictrum alpinum
Thalictrum aquilegifolium
Thalictrum flavum
Thalictrum minus
Thelypteris dryopteris
Thelypteris oreopteris
Thlaspi alliaceum
Thlaspi alpestre
Thlaspi alpinum
Thlaspi arvense
Thlaspi bursa-pastoris
Thalspi campestre
Thalspi carulescens
Thlaspi nudicaulis
Thlaspi perfoliatum
Thelycrania sanguinea
Thelypteris palustris
Thelypteris phegopteris
Thelypteris robertiana
Trachystemon orientalis
Tragopogon porrifolius
Tragopogon pratensis
Trichomanes andrewsii
Trichomanes radicans
Trichomanes speciosum
Triglochin maritima
Triglochin maritimum
Triglochin palustre
Triglochin palustris
Tripleurospermum maritimum
Trollius europaeus
Tsitsmati
Turritis glabra
Turritis hirsuta
Tussilago farfara

 

C

I

O

U

 

Cakile maritima
Calamaria lacustris
Caltha palustris
Calystegia sepium
Calystegia silvatica
Calystegia soldanella
Calystegia sylvestris
Camelina parodii
Camelina pilosa
Camelina sativa
Campanula alliariifolia
Campanula glomerata
Campanula latifolia
Campanula medium
Campanula patula
Campanula rapunculoides
Campanula rapunculus
Campanula rotundifolia
Campanula trachelium
Campe barbarea
Capsella bursa-pastoris
Capsella nudicaulis
Cardamine amara
Cardamine bulbifera
Cardamine corymbosa
Cardamine flexuosa
Cardamine hirsuta
Cardamine hirsuta var. corymbosa
Cardamine hirsute
Cardamine impatiens
Cardamine pratensis
Cardaminopsis petraea
Cardaria draba
Capsella rubella
Castanea sativa
Ceterach officinarum
Chamaemelum nobile
Chamae-periclymenum suecicum
Cheiranthus cheiri
Cheiranthus sinuatus
Cheirinia cheiranthoides
Chrysanthemum leucanthemum
Chrysanthemum parthenium
Chrysanthemum segetum
Chrysanthemum vulgare
Chrysocoma linosyris
Cicerbita alpina
Cicerbita macrophylla
Cineraria maritima
Clematis flammula
Clematis vitalba
Clematis viticella
Clypeola alyssoides
Clypeola campestris
Cochlearia alpina
Cochlearia anglica
Cochlearia armorica
Cochlearia danica
Cochlearia fenestrata
Cochlearia macrocarpa
Cochlearia officinalis
Cochlearia officinalis var. alpina
Cochlearia pyrenaica subsp. alpina
Coincya monensis
Coincya monensis subsp. cheiranthos
Coincya monensis subsp. monensis
Coincya wrightii
Consolida ajacis
Consolida ambigua
Consolida orientalis
Convolvulus arvensis
Conyza canadensis
Cornus sanguinea
Cornus suecica
Coronopus didymus
Coronopus squamatus
Cota tinctoria
Cotula coronopifolia
Crambe maritima
Crambe pontica
Crinitaria linosyris
Crithmum maritimum
Cruciata laevipes
Cruciform teesdalia
Cryptogramma crispa
Cuscuta epithymum
Cuscuta europaea
Cynoglossum germanicum
Cynoglossum officinale
Cystopteris fragilis
Cystopteris montana

Iberis amara
Iberis coronaria

Impatiens glandulifera
Impatiens noli-tangere
Impatiens parviflora
Inula conyza
Inula crithmoides
Inula helenium
Inula salicina
Isatis tinctoria
Isoetes echinospora
Isoetes histrix
Isoetes lacustris
Isoetes macrospora
Isoetes rossica

Oligosporus campestris
Omalotheca supina
Omphalodes verna

Ophioglossum lusitanicum
Ophioglossum vulgatum
Oreopteris limbosperma
Orobanche alba
Orobanche artemisiae-campestris
Orobanche caryophyllacea
Orobanche elatior
Orobanche hederae
Orobanche loricata
Orobanche maritima
Orobanche minor
Orobanche picridis
Orobanche purpurea
Orobanche rapum-genistae
Osmunda regalis
Otanthus maritimus

Ulmus campestris
Ulmus carpinifolia
Ulmus diversifolia
Ulmus glabra
Ulmus minor
Ulmus procera
Urostachys selago

Utricularia intermedia

Utricularia minor
Utricularia vulgaris

 

D

J

P

V

 

Delphinium orientale
Dentaria bulbifera
Descurainia sophia
Diotis candidissima
Diotis maritima
Diphasium alpinum
Diaphasiastrum alpinum
Diplotaxis muralis
Diplotaxis tenuifolia
Doronicum pardalianches
Draba aizoides
Draba incana
Draba muralis
Draba norvegica
Draba obconica
Dryopteris abbreviata
Dryopteris aemula
Dryopteris affinis
Dryopteris borreri
Dryopteris carthusiana
Dryopteris cristata
Dryopteris dilatata
Dryopteris expansa
Dryopteris filix-mas
Dryopteris lonchitis
Dryopteris oreades Fomin
Dryopteris phegopteris
Dryopteris spinulosa
Dryopteris submontana
Dryopteris villarii

Jasione montana
Juncus bufonius
Juniperus communis

Pentaglottis sempervirens
Petasites albus
Petasites fragrans
Petasites hybridus
Petasites japonicus
Phegopteris connectilis
Phegopteris polypodioides
Phyllitis scolopendrium
Phyteuma cordifolium
Phyteuma fistulosum
Phyteuma tenerum
Phyteuma orbiculare
Phyteuma spicatum
Picris echioides
Picris hieracioides
Pinguicula grandiflora
Pinguicula lusitanica
Pinguicula vulgaris
Plananthus selago
Pleioblastus simonii
Polypodium interjectum
Polypodium lonchitis
Polypodium montanum
Polypodium vulgare
Polystichum aculeatum
Polystichum asperum
Polystichum lonchitis
Polystichum setiferum
Pritzelago alpina
Pseudosasa japonica
Ptarmica vulgaris
Pteridium aquilinum
Pulicaria dysenterica
Pulicaria vulgaris
Pulmonaria longifolia
Pulmonaria officinalis
Pulsatilla vulgaris
Pyrus cordata

Vandenboschia speciosa
Vittadenia triloba

 

E

K

Q

W

 

Echium plantagineum
Echium vulgare
Empetrum nigrum
Equisetum arvense
Equisetum fluviatile
Equisetum hyemale
Equisetum limosum
Equisetum palustre
Equisetum pratense
Equisetum ramosissimum
Equisetum sylvaticum
Equisetum telmateia
Equisetum variegatum
Eranthis hyemalis
Erigeron acer
Erigeron borealis
Erigeron karvinskianus
Erigeron mucronatus
Erophila krockeri
Erophila majuscula
Erophila verna
Eruca selvatica
Erucastrum gallicum
Erucastrum incanum
Erucastrum nasturtiifolium
Eruka marina
Erysimum alliaria
Erysimum altissimum
Erysimum arcuatum
Erysimum barbarea
Erysimum cheiranthoides
Erysimum cheiri
Erysimum officinale
Erysimum vernum
Eupatorium cannabinum

 

Quercus cerris
Quercus Ilex
Quercus petraea
Quercus robur

Wahlenbergia hederacea
Wolffia arrhiza
Woodsia alpina
Woodsia ilvensis

 

F

L

R

XYZ

 

Fagus sylvatica
Fagus sylvatica cuprea purpurea
Filago apiculata
Filago gallica
Filago germanica
Filago lutescens
Filago maritima
Filago minima
Filago pyramidata
Filago pyramidata subsp. lutescens
Filago spathulata
Filago vulgaris
Frangula alnus

Lactuca macrophylla
Lactuca
saligna
Lactuca
serriola
Lactuca
virosa
Lastrea phegopteris

Lathraea clandestina
Lathraea squamaria
Legousia hybrida
Lemna gibba
Lemna minor
Lemna polyrhiza
Lemna trisulca
Leontodon autumnalis
Leontodon hispidus
Leontodon saxatilis
Leontodon taraxacoides
Lepidotis inundata
Lepidium arvense
Lepidium campestre
Lepidium draba
Lepidium heterophyllum
Lepidium latifolium
Lepidium ruderale
Lepidium sativum
Lepidium scapiferum
Lepidium smithii
Leucanthemum adustum
Leucanthemum vulgare
Leucojum aestivum
Leucojum vernum
Linosyris vulgaris
Lithospermum arvense
Lithospermum officinale
Lithospermum purpurocaeruleum
Lobularia benthamii
Lobularia maritima
Lycopodiella inindata
Lycopodium alpinum
Lycopodium annotinum
Lycopodium clavatum
Lycopodium inundatum
Lycopodium selago
Lycopsis arvensis
Lysichiton americanus

Radicula armoricia
Radicula nasturtium
Radicula nasturtium-aquaticum

Radicula sylvestris
Ranunculus acris
Ranunculus aquatilis
Ranunculus arvensis
Ranunculus auricomus
Ranunculus bulbosus
Ranunculus ficaria
Ranunculus flabellatus
Ranunculus flammula
Ranunculus floribundus
Ranunculus fluitans
Ranunculus hederaceus
Ranunculus lingua
Ranunculus lutarius
Ranunculus marginatus
Ranunculus muricatus
Ranunculus obtusiflorus
Ranunculus omiophyllus
Ranunculus ophioglossifolius
Ranunculus paludosus
Ranunculus parviflorus
Ranunculus peltatus
Ranunculus petiveri
Ranunculus repens
Ranunculus reptans
Ranunculus sardous
Ranunculus sceleratus
Ranunculus spaerospermus
Ranunculus trichophyllus
Ranunculus tripartitus
Raphanus landra
Raphanus landra Moretti
Raphanus raphanistrum
Raphanus raphanistrum subsp. landra
Raphanus raphanistrum ssp. maritimus
Raphanus raphanistrum subsp. raphanistrum
Raphanus rusticanus
Raphanus sativus
Rapistrum rugosum
Rapistrum orientale
Rhamnus cathartica
Rhynchosinapis erucastrum
Rhynchosinapis monensis
Rhynchosinapis wrightii
Rorippa amphibia
Rorippa armoricia
Rorippa austriaca
Rorippa islandica
Rorippa microphylla
Rorippa nasturtium
Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum
Rorippa sylvestris
Rorippa x sterilis
Rubia peregrina
Rucola sylvatica
Rucula selvatica

Xanthium spinosum Yushania anceps
Zostera americana
Zostera angustifolia
Zostera hornemanniana
Zostera japonica
Zostera marina
Zostera nana
Zostera noltei

Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677

 

Site design and content copyright ©May 2008.
Page structure amended October 2012.
Feet changed to inches (cms) July 2015.
Menus and Master changed January 2016.
Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.

Topic
Case Studies
...Drive Foundations with 8 problems caused by clay, ryegrass (kills plants) in Roadstone and CedarGravel creates stable drive surface.
Companion Planting
...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants

Garden
Construction

with ground drains
Garden Design
...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed
Borders

......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants
......Camera photos of Plant supports
Garden
Maintenance

Glossary with a tomato teaching cauliflowers
Home
Library of over 1000 books
Offbeat Glossary with DuLally Bird in its flower clock.
Plants
...in Chalk (Alkaline) Soil
......A-F1, A-F2,
......A-F3, G-L, M-R,
......M-R Roses, S-Z
...in Heavy Clay Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...in Lime-Free
(Acid) Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...in Light Sand Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...Poisonous Plants
...Extra Plant Pages

Soil
...
Interaction between 2 Quartz Sand Grains to make soil
...
How roots of plants are in control in the soil
...
Without replacing Soil Nutrients, the soil will break up to only clay, sand or silt
...
Subsidence caused by water in Clay
...Use water ring for trees/shrubs for first 2 years

Tool Shed with 3 kneeling pads
Useful Data with benefits of Seaweed

................

Topic - Plant Photo Galleries

Topic - Plant with Photo Index of Ivydene Gardens with
Camera Photo Galleries are in the last row


Bulb with its 7 Flower Colours per Month Comparison Pages
...Allium/ Anemone
...Autumn
...Colchicum/ Crocus
...Dahlia
...Gladiolus
......European A-E
......European F-M
......European N-Z
......Eur Non-classified
......American A
......American B
......American C
......American D
......American E
......American F
......American G
......American H
......American I
......American J
......American K
......American L
......American M
......American N
......American O
......American P
......American Q
......American R
......American S
......American T
......American U
......American V
......American W
......American XYZ
......Ame Non-classified
......Australia - empty
......India

......Lithuania
...Hippeastrum/ Lily
...Late Summer
...Narcissus
...Spring
...Tulip
...Winter
...Each of the above ...Bulb Galleries has its own set of Flower Colour Pages
...Flower Shape
...Bulb Form

...Bulb Use

...Bulb in Soil

Further details on bulbs from the Infill Galleries:-
Hardy Bulbs
...Aconitum
...Allium
...Alstroemeria
...Anemone

...Amaryllis
...Anthericum
...Antholyzas
...Apios
...Arisaema
...Arum
...Asphodeline

...Asphodelus
...Belamcanda
...Bloomeria
...Brodiaea
...Bulbocodium

...Calochorti
...Cyclobothrias
...Camassia
...Colchicum
...Convallaria 
...Forcing Lily of the Valley
...Corydalis
...Crinum
...Crosmia
...Montbretia
...Crocus

...Cyclamen
...Dicentra
...Dierama
...Eranthis
...Eremurus
...Erythrnium
...Eucomis

...Fritillaria
...Funkia
...Galanthus
...Galtonia
...Gladiolus
...Hemerocallis

...Hyacinth
...Hyacinths in Pots
...Scilla
...Puschkinia
...Chionodoxa
...Chionoscilla
...Muscari

...Iris
...Kniphofia
...Lapeyrousia
...Leucojum

...Lilium
...Lilium in Pots
...Malvastrum
...Merendera
...Milla
...Narcissus
...Narcissi in Pots

...Ornithogalum
...Oxalis
...Paeonia
...Ranunculus
...Romulea
...Sanguinaria
...Sternbergia
...Schizostylis
...Tecophilaea
...Trillium

...Tulip
...Zephyranthus

Half-Hardy Bulbs
...Acidanthera
...Albuca
...Alstroemeri
...Andro-stephium
...Bassers
...Boussing-aultias
...Bravoas
...Cypellas
...Dahlias
...Galaxis,
...Geissorhizas
...Hesperanthas

...Gladioli
...Ixias
...Sparaxises
...Babianas
...Morphixias
...Tritonias

...Ixiolirions
...Moraeas
...Ornithogalums
...Oxalises
...Phaedra-nassas
...Pancratiums
...Tigridias
...Zephyranthes
...Cooperias


Uses of Bulbs:-
...for Bedding
...in Windowboxes
...in Border
...naturalized in Grass
...in Bulb Frame
...in Woodland Garden
...in Rock Garden
...in Bowls
...in Alpine House
...Bulbs in Greenhouse or Stove:-
...Achimenes
...Alocasias
...Amorpho-phalluses
...Arisaemas
...Arums
...Begonias
...Bomareas
...Caladiums

...Clivias
...Colocasias
...Crinums
...Cyclamens
...Cyrtanthuses
...Eucharises
...Urceocharis
...Eurycles

...Freesias
...Gloxinias
...Haemanthus
...Hippeastrums

...Lachenalias
...Nerines
...Lycorises
...Pencratiums
...Hymenocallises
...Richardias
...Sprekelias
...Tuberoses
...Vallotas
...Watsonias
...Zephyranthes

...Plant Bedding in
......Spring

......Summer
...Bulb houseplants flowering inside House during:-
......January
......February
......March
......April
......May
......June
......July
......August
......September
......October
......November
......December
...Bulbs and other types of plant flowering during:-
......Dec-Jan
......Feb-Mar
......Apr-May
......Jun-Aug
......Sep-Oct
......Nov-Dec
...Selection of the smaller and choicer plants for the Smallest of Gardens with plant flowering during the same 6 periods as in the previous selection


........

If the plant type below has flowers, then the first gallery will include the flower thumbnail in each month of 1 of 6 flower colour comparison pages of each plant in its subsidiary galleries
Aquatic
Bamboo
Bedding
...by Flower Shape

Climber in
3 Sector Vertical Plant System
...Clematis
...Climbers
Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
...Shrubs - Decid
Deciduous Tree
...Trees - Decid
Evergreen Perennial
...P-Evergreen A-L
...P-Evergreen M-Z
...Flower Shape
Evergreen Shrub
...Shrubs - Evgr
...Heather Shrub
Evergreen Tree
...Trees - Evgr
Fern
Grass
Hedging
Herbaceous
Perennial

...P -Herbaceous
...Peony
...Flower Shape
...RHS Wisley
......Mixed Border
......Other Borders
Herb
Odds and Sods
Rhododendron
Rose
...RHS Wisley A-F
...RHS Wisley G-R
...RHS Wisley S-Z
...Rose Use with 3 separate rose indices on each usage of rose page
...Other Roses A-F
...Other Roses G-R
...Other Roses S-Z
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
...Apple

...Cherry
...Pear
Vegetable

Wild Flower is below

The following is a complete hierarchical Plant Selection Process
dependent on the Garden Style chosen

Garden Style
...
Infill Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...
12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...
All Plants Index
...
Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...
Shape, Form
Index

or
use the choices in the following Flower/Foliage Colour
Colour Wheel Galleries

you could use these Flower Colour Wheels with number of colours
All Flowers 53

All Flowers per Month 12 - My Gas Service Engineer found Flow and Return pipes incorrectly positioned on gas boilers and customers had refused to have positioning corrected in 2020, followed by this Website
...User Guidelines
or
Bee instead of wind pollinated plants for hay-fever sufferers
All Bee-Pollinated Flowers per Month 12
...Index
or
Rock Garden and Alpine Flower Colour Wheel with number of colours
Rock Plant Flowers 53

...Rock Plant Photos
or
A Foliage Colour Wheel using 212 web-safe colours instead of the best Colour Wheel of 2058 colours in the Pantone Goe System
All Foliage 212

or
Flower Colour Wheel without photos, but with links to photos
12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index

Topic - Butterfly Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Butterfly
Usage of Plants
by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly

Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly usage of
Plant A-C
Plant C-M
Plant N-W
Butterfly usage of Plant

Wild Flower
with its
flower colour page,
space,
Site Map page in its flower colour
NOTE Gallery
...Blue Note
...Brown Note
...Cream Note
...Green Note
...Mauve Note
...Multi-Cols Note
...Orange Note
...Pink A-G Note
...Pink H-Z Note
...Purple Note
...Red Note
...White A-D Note
...White E-P Note
...White Q-Z Note
...Yellow A-G Note
...Yellow H-Z Note
...Shrub/Tree Note

Poisonous
Wildflower Plants

You can find the wild flower in one of the 23 Wild Flower Galleries or the Colour Wheel
Gallery

If
you know its name, use
Wild Flower Plant Index a-h,
Wild Flower Plant Index i-p or
Wild Flower Plant Index q-z

you know which habitat it lives in,
use
Wild Flowers on
Acid Soil
Habitat Table,
on Calcareous
(Chalk) Soil
,
on Marine Soil,
on Neutral Soil,
is a Fern,
is a Grass,
is a Rush, or
is a Sedge

you know which family it belongs to, use
Wild Flower Family Pages menu above and right

you have seen its flower or seed, use
Comparison Pages
in Wild Flower
Gallery
to identify it or

you have seen its flower, use Comparison Pages containing Wild Flower Plants and Cultivated Plants in the Colour Wheel Gallery

followed by all the Wild Flower Family Pages:-

There are 180 families in the Wildflowers of the UK and they have been split up into 22 Galleries to allow space for up to 100 plants per gallery.

Each plant named in each of the Wildflower Family Pages may have a link to:-

its Plant Description Page in its Common Name in one of those Wildflower Plant Galleries and will have links

to external sites to purchase the plant or seed in its Botanical Name,

to see photos in its Flowering Months and

to read habitat details in its Habitat Column.

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 1
(o)Adder's Tongue
Amaranth
(o)Arrow-Grass
(o)Arum
(o)Balsam
Bamboo
(o)Barberry
(o)Bedstraw
(o)Beech
(o)Bellflower
(o)Bindweed
(o)Birch
(o)Birds-Nest
(o)Birthwort
(o)Bogbean
(o)Bog Myrtle
(o)Borage
(o)Box
(o)Broomrape
(o)Buckthorn
(o)Buddleia
(o)Bur-reed
(o)Buttercup
(o)Butterwort
(o)Cornel (Dogwood)
(o)Crowberry
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 1
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2
Cypress
(o)Daffodil
(o)Daisy
(o)Daisy Cudweeds
(o)Daisy Chamomiles
(o)Daisy Thistle
(o)Daisy Catsears (o)Daisy Hawkweeds
(o)Daisy Hawksbeards
(o)Daphne
(o)Diapensia
(o)Dock Bistorts
(o)Dock Sorrels

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 2
(o)Clubmoss
(o)Duckweed
(o)Eel-Grass
(o)Elm
(o)Filmy Fern
(o)Horsetail
(o)Polypody
Quillwort
(o)Royal Fern
(o)Figwort - Mulleins
(o)Figwort - Speedwells
(o)Flax
(o)Flowering-Rush
(o)Frog-bit
(o)Fumitory
(o)Gentian
(o)Geranium
(o)Glassworts
(o)Gooseberry
(o)Goosefoot
(o)Grass 1
(o)Grass 2
(o)Grass 3
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 1
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 2
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 3
(o)Hazel
(o)Heath
(o)Hemp
(o)Herb-Paris
(o)Holly
(o)Honeysuckle
(o)Horned-Pondweed
(o)Hornwort
(o)Iris
(o)Ivy
(o)Jacobs Ladder
(o)Lily
(o)Lily Garlic
(o)Lime
(o)Lobelia
(o)Loosestrife
(o)Mallow
(o)Maple
(o)Mares-tail
(o)Marsh Pennywort
(o)Melon (Gourd/Cucumber)

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 3
(o)Mesem-bryanthemum
(o)Mignonette
(o)Milkwort
(o)Mistletoe
(o)Moschatel
Naiad
(o)Nettle
(o)Nightshade
(o)Oleaster
(o)Olive
(o)Orchid 1
(o)Orchid 2
(o)Orchid 3
(o)Orchid 4
(o)Parnassus-Grass
(o)Peaflower
(o)Peaflower Clover 1
(o)Peaflower Clover 2
(o)Peaflower Clover 3
(o)Peaflower Vetches/Peas
Peony
(o)Periwinkle
Pillwort
Pine
(o)Pink 1
(o)Pink 2
Pipewort
(o)Pitcher-Plant
(o)Plantain
(o)Pondweed
(o)Poppy
(o)Primrose
(o)Purslane
Rannock Rush
(o)Reedmace
(o)Rockrose
(o)Rose 1
(o)Rose 2
(o)Rose 3
(o)Rose 4
(o)Rush
(o)Rush Woodrushes
(o)Saint Johns Wort
Saltmarsh Grasses
(o)Sandalwood
(o)Saxifrage

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 4
Seaheath
(o)Sea Lavender
(o)Sedge Rush-like
(o)Sedges Carex 1
(o)Sedges Carex 2
(o)Sedges Carex 3
(o)Sedges Carex 4
(o)Spindle-Tree
(o)Spurge
(o)Stonecrop
(o)Sundew
(o)Tamarisk
Tassel Pondweed
(o)Teasel
(o)Thyme 1
(o)Thyme 2
(o)Umbellifer 1
(o)Umbellifer 2
(o)Valerian
(o)Verbena
(o)Violet
(o)Water Fern
(o)Waterlily
(o)Water Milfoil
(o)Water Plantain
(o)Water Starwort
Waterwort
(o)Willow
(o)Willow-Herb
(o)Wintergreen
(o)Wood-Sorrel
(o)Yam
(o)Yew

Topic - Camera Photo Galleries showing all 4000 x 3000 pixels of each photo on your screen that you can then click and drag to your desktop:-

RHS Garden at Wisley
Plant Supports -
When supporting plants in a bed, it is found that not only do those plants grow upwards, but also they expand their roots and footpad sideways each year. Pages
1
, 2, 3, 8, 11,
12, 13,
Plants 4, 7, 10,
Bedding Plants 5,
Plant Supports for Unknown Plants 5
,
Clematis Climbers 6,
the RHS does not appear to either follow it's own pruning advice or advice from The Pruning of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers by George E. Brown.
ISBN 0-571-11084-3 with the plants in Pages 1-7 of this folder. You can see from looking at both these resources as to whether the pruning carried out on the remainder of the plants in Pages 7-15 was correct.
Narcissus (Daffodil) 9,
Phlox Plant Supports 14, 15

Coleus Bedding Foliage Trial - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13, 14, 15,
16, 17, 18, 19, 20,
21, 22, 23, 24, 25,
26, 27, 28, 29, 30,
31, 32
,
Index

National Trust Garden at Sissinghurst Castle
Plant Supports -
Pages for Gallery 1
with Plant Supports
1
, 5, 10
Plants
2
, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9,
11, 12
Recommended Rose Pruning Methods 13
Pages for Gallery 2
with Plant Supports
2
,
Plants 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

Dry Garden of
RHS Garden at
Hyde Hall
Plants - Pages
without Plant Supports
Plants 1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

Nursery of
Peter Beales Roses
Display Garden
Roses Pages
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13

Nursery of
RV Roger
Roses - Pages
A1,A2,A3,A4,A5,
A6,A7,A8,A9,A10,
A11,A12,A13,A14,
B15,
B16,B17,B18,B19,
B20,
B21,B22,B23,B24,
B25,
B26,B27,B28,B29,
B30,
C31,C32,C33,C34,
C35,
C36,C37,C38,C39,
C40,
C41,CD2,D43,D44,
D45,
D46,D47,D48,D49,
E50,
E51,E52
,F53,F54,
F55,
F56,F57,G58,G59,
H60,
H61,I62,K63,L64,
M65,
M66,N67,P68,P69,
P70,

R71,R72,S73,S74,
T75,
V76,Z77, 78,

Damage by Plants in Chilham Village - Pages
1
, 2, 3, 4

Pavements of Funchal, Madeira
Damage to Trees - Pages
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13
for trees 1-54
,
14, 15,
16, 17, 18, 19, 20,
21, 22, 23, 24, 25,
for trees 55-95,
26
, 27, 28, 29, 30,
31, 32, 33, 34, 35,
36, 37,
for trees 95-133,
38
, 39, 40,
41, 42, 43, 44, 45,
for trees 133-166


Chris Garnons-Williams
Work Done - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13

Identity of Plants
Label Problems - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11

Ron and Christine Foord
Garden Flowers - Pages
A1, 2, 3, 4,
5,
6, 7, 8, 9,
10,
11, 12, 13,

The plant with photo in the above Camera Photo Galleries
join

the plants with photos in the other Plant Photo Galleries below in

Plant with Photo Index of Ivydene Gardens
A 1, Photos
B 1, Photos
C 1, Photos
D 1, Photos
E 1, Photos
F 1, Photos
G 1, Photos
H 1, Photos
I 1, Photos
J 1, Photos
K 1, Photos
L 1, Photos
M 1, Photos
N 1, Photos
O 1, Photos
P 1, Photos
Q 1, Photos
R 1, Photos
S 1, Photos
T 1, Photos
U 1, Photos
V 1, Photos
W 1, Photos
X 1 Photos
Y 1, Photos
Z 1 Photos
Articles/Items in Ivydene Gardens

Flower Colour, Number of Petals, Shape and
Plant Use of:-

Rock Garden
...within linked page


Bedding

...Bedding Out
...Filling In
...Screen-ing
...Pots and Troughs
...Window Boxes
...Hanging Baskets
...Spring Bedding
...Summer Bedding
...Winter Bedding
...Foliage instead of Flower
...
Coleus Bedding Photos for use in Public Domain 1

Bulb
...Other than Only Green Foliage
...Bedding or Mass Planting
...Ground-Cover
...Cut-Flower
...Tolerant of Shade
...In Woodland Areas
...Under-plant
...Tolerant of Poor Soil
...Covering Banks
...In Water
...Beside Stream or Water Garden
...Coastal Conditions
...Edging Borders
...Back of Border or Back-ground Plant
...Fragrant Flowers
...Not Fragrant Flowers
...Indoor
House-plant

...Grow in a Patio Pot
...Grow in an Alpine Trough
...Grow in an Alpine House
...Grow in Rock Garden
...Speciman Plant
...Into Native Plant Garden
...Naturalize in Grass
...Grow in Hanging Basket
...Grow in Window-box
...Grow in Green-house
...Grow in Scree
...Naturalized Plant Area
...Grow in Cottage Garden
...Attracts Butterflies
...Attracts Bees
...Resistant to Wildlife
...Bulb in Soil:-
......Chalk
......Clay
......Sand
......Lime-Free (Acid)
......Peat

Rose
...
Bedding
...
Climber /Pillar
...
Cut-Flower
...
Exhibition, Speciman
...
Ground-Cover

...
Grow In A Container
...
Hedge
...
Climber in Tree
...
Woodland
...
Edging Borders
...
Tolerant of Poor Soil
...
Tolerant of Shade
...
Back of Border
...
Adjacent to Water
...
Page for rose use as ARCH ROSE, PERGOLA ROSE, COASTAL CONDITIONS ROSE, WALL ROSE, STANDARD ROSE, COVERING BANKS or THORNLESS ROSES.
...
FRAGRANT ROSES
...
NOT FRAGRANT ROSES

and

Plant Colour Wheel Uses
with
1. Perfect general use soil is composed of 8.3% lime, 16.6% humus, 25% clay and 50% sand, and
2. Why you are continually losing the SOIL STRUCTURE so your soil - will revert to clay, chalk, sand or silt.

Uses of Plant and Flower Shape:-
...Foliage Only
...Other than Green Foliage
...Trees in Lawn
...Trees in Small Gardens
...Wildflower Garden
...Attract Bi
rd
...Attract Butterfly
1
, 2
...Climber on House Wall

...
Climber not on House Wall
...Climber in Tree
...Rabbit-Resistant
...Woodland
...Pollution Barrier
...Part Shade
...Full Shade
...Single Flower provides Pollen for Bees
1
, 2, 3
...Ground-Cover
<60
cm
60-180cm
>
180cm
...Hedge
...Wind-swept
...Covering Banks
...Patio Pot
...Edging Borders
...Back of Border
...Poisonous

...Adjacent to Water
...Bog Garden
...Tolerant of Poor Soil
...Winter-Flowering
...Fragrant
...Not Fragrant
...Exhibition

...
Standard Plant
is 'Ball on Stick'
...
Upright Branches or Sword-shaped leaves
...
Plant to Prevent Entry to Human or Animal
...
Coastal Conditions
...
Tolerant on North-facing Wall
...
Cut Flower
...
Potted Veg Outdoors
...
Potted Veg Indoors
...
Thornless
...
Raised Bed Outdoors Veg
...
Grow in Alkaline Soil A-F
, G-L, M-R,
S-Z
...
Grow in Acidic Soil
...
Grow in Any Soil
...
Grow in Rock Garden
...
Grow Bulbs Indoors

Fragrant Plants:-
Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an Acid Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
1
, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3
Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves
1
, 2
Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5
Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit
1
, 2, 3
Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2
Night-scented Flowering Plants
1
, 2

UKButterflies Larval Foodplants website page lists the larval foodplants used by British butterflies. The name of each foodplant links to a Google search. An indication of whether the foodplant is a primary or secondary food source is also given.

Please note that the Butterfly you see for only a short time has grown up on plants as an egg, caterpillar and chrysalis for up to 11 months, before becoming a butterfly. If the plants that they live on during that time are removed, or sprayed with herbicide, then you will not see the butterfly.
 

Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery.

Some UK native butterflies eat material from UK Native Wildflowers and live on them as eggs, caterpillars (Large Skipper eats False Brome grass - Brachypodium sylvaticum - for 11 months from July to May as a Caterpillar before becoming a Chrysalis within 3 weeks in May) chrysalis or butterflies ALL YEAR ROUND.
Please leave a small area in your garden for wildflowers to grow without disturbance throughout the year for the benefit of butterflies, moths and other wildlife who are dependant on them.

Butterfly
Usage of Plants
by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly

 

Topic -
Plant Photo Galleries for Wildflowers

There are 180 families in the Wildflowers of the UK and they have been split up into 22 Galleries to allow space for up to 100 plants per gallery.

Each plant named in each of the Wildflower Family Pages may have a link to:-

its Plant Description Page in its Common Name in one of those Wildflower Plant Galleries and will have links

to external sites to purchase the plant or seed in its Botanical Name,

to see photos in its Flowering Months and

to read habitat details in its Habitat Column.

 

Wild Flower Gallery
with its
flower colour comparison page,
space,
Site Map page in its flower colour
NOTE Gallery:-
...Blue Note
...Brown Note
...Cream Note
...Green Note
...Mauve Note
...Multi-Cols Note
...Orange Note
...Pink A-G Note
...Pink H-Z Note
...Purple Note
...Red Note
...White A-D Note
...White E-P Note
...White Q-Z Note
...Yellow A-G Note
...Yellow H-Z Note
...Shrub/Tree Note

Each of the above 17 Flower Colour Comparison Pages compares the wildflowers with that flower colour in the top section using the thumbnails of the ones that I have. This is followed by a list of all the Wildflowers of the UK that have that same flower colour. Then, in the right hand table is the list of Wildflowers of the UK with that habitat as shown below:-

White A-D
and
Habitats of Saltmarshes, Beaches, Rocks and Cliff Tops

White E-P
and
Other Habitats

White Q-Z
and
Number of Petals
Cream
and
Coastal Sandy Shores and Dunes
Yellow A-G
and
Pollinator

Yellow H-Z
and
Poisonous Plants
Orange
and
Habitat of Hedgerows and Road Verges
Red
and
Habitat of Pinewoods
Pink A-G
and
Habitats of Lakes, Canals and Rivers

Pink H-Z
and
Habitats of Marshes, Fens and Bogs
Mauve
and
Habitat of Grassland - Acid, Neutral or Chalk
Purple
and
Habitats of Old Buildings and Walls
Blue
and
Flower Legend
Green
and
Habitat of Broad-leaved Woods
Brown
and
Food for Butterfly / Moth
Multi-Coloured
and
Habitats of Heaths and Moors
Shrub and Small Tree
and
Habitats of River Banks and Other Freshwater Margins

Seed 1
and
Scented Flower, Foliage or Root

Seed 2
and
Story of Their Common Names

Non-Flower Plants and
Non-Flowering Plant Use

Introduction
and
Edible Plant Parts

Site Map
and
Use of Plant

 

You can find the wild flower in one of the 23 Wild Flower Galleries or the Colour Wheel
Gallery

If

you know its name, use
Wild Flower Plant Index a-h,
Wild Flower Plant Index i-p or
Wild Flower Plant Index q-z

you know which habitat it lives in,
use
Wild Flowers on
Acid Soil
Habitat Table,
on Calcareous
(Chalk) Soil
,
on Marine Soil,
on Neutral Soil,
is a Fern,
is a Grass,
is a Rush, or
is a Sedge

you know which family it belongs to, use
Wild Flower Family Pages menu below
 

Wild Flower Family Page

(the families within "The Pocket Guide to Wild Flowers" by David McClintock & R.S.R. Fitter, Published in 1956 are not in Common Name alphabetical order and neither are the common names of the plants detailed within each family. These families within that book will have their details described as shown in the next column starting from page 1 in February 2017 until all the families have been completed on page 307.

This may take a few months of my time before I get to the Adder's Tongue Family on page 307.

The information in the above book is back-referenced to the respective page in "Flora of the British Isles" by A.R. Clapham of University of Sheffield,
T.G. Tutin of University College, Leicester and
E.F. Warburg of University of Oxford printed by Cambridge at the University Press in 1952 for each plant in all the families)

followed by

No. of Plants of that Family

that have a row with their details in their flower colour in this central data table;

and then

the relevant entries in the Habitat Index Pages and other characteristics in other Index Pages in the Page Menu / Index Table on the left
(with over-flow in another table below the flower colour in the central data table and then onto
continuation pages)

within this gallery

Adder's Tongue

Amaranth

Arrow-Grass

Arum

Balsam

Bamboo

Barberry 2

Bedstraw

Beech

Bellflower

Bindweed

Birch

Birds-Nest

Birthwort

Bogbean

Bog Myrtle

Borage

Box

Broomrape

Buckthorn

Buddleia

Bur-reed

Buttercup 45

Butterwort

Cornel (Dogwood)

Crowberry

Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 1

Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2

Cypress

Daffodil

Daisy

Daisy Cudweeds

Daisy Chamomiles

Daisy Thistle

Daisy Catsears

Daisy Hawkweeds

Daisy Hawksbeards

Daphne

Diapensia

Dock Bistorts

Dock Sorrels

Clubmoss

Duckweed

Eel-Grass

Elm

Filmy Fern

Horsetail

Polypody

Quillwort

Royal Fern

Figwort - Mulleins

Figwort - Speedwells

Flax

Flowering-Rush

Frog-bit

Fumitory 3

Gentian

Geranium

Glassworts

Gooseberry

Goosefoot

Grass 1

Grass 2

Grass 3

Grass Soft Bromes 1

Grass Soft Bromes 2

Grass Soft Bromes 3

Hazel

Heath

Hemp

Herb-Paris

Holly

Honeysuckle

Horned-Pondweed

Hornwort 2

Iris

Ivy

Jacobs Ladder

Lily

Lily Garlic

Lime

Lobelia

Loosestrife

Mallow

Maple

Mares-tail

Marsh Pennywort

Melon (Gourd/Cucumber)

Mesem-bryanthemum

Mignonette

Milkwort

Mistletoe

Moschatel

Naiad

Nettle

Nightshade

Oleaster

Olive

Orchid 1

Orchid 2

Orchid 3

Orchid 4

Parnassus-Grass

Peaflower

Peaflower Clover 1

Peaflower Clover 2

Peaflower Clover 3

Peaflower Vetches/Peas

Peony 1

Periwinkle

Pillwort

Pine

Pink 1

Pink 2

Pipewort

Pitcher-Plant

Plantain

Pondweed

Poppy 9

Primrose

Purslane

Rannock Rush

Reedmace

Rockrose

Rose 1

Rose 2

Rose 3

Rose 4

Rush

Rush Woodrushes

Saint Johns Wort

Saltmarsh Grasses

Sandalwood

Saxifrage

Seaheath

Sea Lavender

Sedge Rush-like

Sedges Carex 1

Sedges Carex 2

Sedges Carex 3

Sedges Carex 4

Spindle-Tree

Spurge

Stonecrop

Sundew

Tamarisk

Tassel Pondweed

Teasel

Thyme 1

Thyme 2

Umbellifer 1

Umbellifer 2

Valerian

Verbena

Violet

Water Fern

Waterlily 3

Water Milfoil

Water Plantain

Water Starwort

Waterwort

Willow

Willow-Herb

Wintergreen

Wood-Sorrel

Yam

Yew

Total 65

 

Plants used by the Butterflies follow the Plants used by the Egg, Caterpillar and Chrysalis as stated in
A Butterfly Book for the Pocket by Edmund Sandars.
Published by Oxford University Press London: Humphrey Milford in 1939.
 

Plant Name

Butterfly Name

Egg/ Caterpillar/ Chrysalis/ Butterfly

Plant Usage

Plant Usage Months

Alder Buckthorn

Brimstone

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

1 egg under leaf.

Eats leaves.
---

10 days in May-June
28 days.
12 days.

Aspen

Large Tortoiseshell

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

Eggs laid in batches encircling the branch of the food plant.
Feeds on leaves.
Hangs suspended from stem.

Hatches after 18-22 days in April.
30 days in May
9 days in June.

Black Medic

Common Blue

Egg,

Caterpillar


Chrysalis

Groups of eggs on upper side of leaf.
Eats buds and flowers.


Base of food plant.

-
-
Spend winter at the base of the food plant. They resume feeding in March.
2 weeks

Common Birdsfoot Trefoil

Chalk-Hill Blue

Egg,
Caterpillar
Chrysalis

1 egg at base of plant.
Eats leaves.
---

Late August-April
April-June
1 Month

Common Birdsfoot Trefoil

Common Blue

Egg,

Caterpillar


Chrysalis

Groups of eggs on upper side of leaf.
Eats buds and flowers.


Base of food plant.

-
-
Spend winter at the base of the food plant. They resume feeding in March.
2 weeks

Common Birdsfoot Trefoil

Wood White

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

1 egg laid on underside of leaflets or bracts.
Eats leaves.
---

7 days in June.

32 days in June-July.
July-May.

Bitter Vetch

Wood White

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

1 egg laid on underside of leaflets or bracts.
Eats leaves.
---

7 days in June.

32 days in June-July.
July-May.

Borage

Queen of Spain Fritillary

Egg,

Caterpillar


Chrysalis

1 egg laid under the leaf or on top of the flower.
Eats leaves, then before pupating it eats the bloom and leaves of the pansies.
---

7 days in August.

23 days in August-September.

3 weeks in September

Bramble

Holly Blue

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

 

1 egg on underside of a flower bud on its stalk.
Eats flower bud.
---

 

7 days.

28-42 days.
18 days. Early September to Late April for second generation.

Buckthorn

Holly Blue

Egg,


Caterpillar
Chrysalis

 

1 egg on underside of a flower bud on its stalk.
Eats flower bud.
---


 

7 days.


28-42 days.
18 days. Early September to Late April for second generation.

Buckthorn -
Alder Buckthorn and Common Buckthorn

Brimstone

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

1 egg under leaf.

Eats leaves.
---

10 days in May-June.

28 days.
12 days.

Burdocks

Painted Lady

Egg,
Caterpillar
Chrysalis

1 egg on leaf.
Eats leaves.
---

2 weeks
7-11days
7-11 days

Cabbages - Large White eats all cruciferous plants, such as cabbages, mustard, turnips, radishes, cresses, nasturtiums, wild mignonette and dyer's weed

Large White
 

Egg,


Caterpillar
Chrysalis

40-100 eggs on both surfaces of leaf.

Eats leaves.
---
 

May-June and August-Early September. 4.5-17 days.
30-32 days
14 days for May-June eggs, or overwinter till April

Cabbages

Small White

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

1 egg on underside of leaf.

Eats leaves.
---
 

May-June and August. 7 days.
28 days
21 days for May-June eggs, or overwinter till March

Cabbages:-
Charlock,
Cuckoo Flower (Lady's Smock),
Hedge-Mustard,
Garlic-Mustard,
Yellow Rocket (Common Winter-Cress),
Watercress

Green-veined White

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis


 

1 egg on underside of leaf.

Eats leaves.
---


 

July or August; hatches in 3 days.
16 days.
14 days in July or for caterpillars of August, they overwinter till May.

Cabbages:-
Charlock,
Creeping Yellow-cress,
Cuckoo Flower (Lady's Smock),
Dame's Violet,
Hedge-Mustard,
Horseradish,
Garlic-Mustard,
Lady's Smock,
Large Bittercress,
Rock-cress (Common Winter-Cress),
Yellow Rocket (Common Winter-Cress),
Watercress,
Wild Turnip

Orange Tip

Egg,

Caterpillar

Chrysalis

1 egg laid in the tight buds and flowers.
Eats leaves, buds, flowers and especially the seed pods.
---

May-June 7 days.

June-July 24 days.

August-May

Cherry with
Wild Cherry,
Morello Cherry and
Bird Cherry

Large Tortoiseshell

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

Eggs laid in batches encircling the branch of the food plant.
Feeds on leaves.
Hangs suspended from stem.

Hatches after 18-22 days in April.
30 days in May.
9 days in June.

Clovers 1, 2, 3

Common Blue

Egg,

Caterpillar


Chrysalis

Groups of eggs on upper side of leaf.
Eats buds and flowers.


Base of food plant.

-
-
Spend winter at the base of the food plant. They resume feeding in March.
2 weeks.

Clovers 1, 2, 3

Pale Clouded Yellow

Egg,
Caterpillar
Chrysalis

1 egg on leaf.
Eats leaves.

 

10 days in May-June.
July-August.
17 days in August-September.

Clovers 1, 2, 3

Clouded Yellow

Egg,
Caterpillar
Chrysalis

1 egg on leaf.
Eats leaves.
 

6 days in May-June.
30 days.
18 days in July-August.

Cocksfoot is a grass

Large Skipper

Egg,
Caterpillar
Chrysalis

1 egg under leaf.
Eats leaves.
---


11 Months
3 weeks from May

Cow-wheat

(Common CowWheat, Field CowWheat)

Heath Fritillary

Egg,

Caterpillar



Chrysalis

Eggs laid in batches on the under side of the leaves.
Feeds on leaves until end of August. Hibernates on dead leaves until March. Eats young leaves until June.
---

Hatches after 16 days in June.
June-April



25 days in June.

Currants
(Red Currant,
Black Currant and Gooseberry)

Comma

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

Groups of eggs on upper side of leaf.
Eats leaves.
---

 

Devilsbit Scabious

Marsh Fritillary

Egg,

Caterpillar



Chrysalis

Eggs laid in batches on the under side of the leaves.
Feeds on leaves until late August. Hibernates on dead leaves until March. Eats leaves until May.
---

Hatches after 20 days in July.
July-May.



15 days in May.

Dog Violet with
Common Dog Violet,
Heath Dog Violet and
Wood Dog Violet

Silver-washed Fritillary

Egg,
Caterpillar



Chrysalis

1 egg on oak or pine tree trunk
Hibernates in a crevice in the bark of the tree trunk.
Moves out of tree to eat Dog Violet leaves.
On rock or twig.

15 days in July.
August-March.

March-May.

Late June-July

Dog Violet with
Common Dog Violet,
Heath Dog Violet and
Wood Dog Violet

Pearl-bordered Fritillary

Egg,

Caterpillar



Chrysalis

1 egg on leaf or stem.

Feeds on leaves until July. Hibernates on dead leaves until March. Eats young leaves until May.
---

Hatches after 15 days in May-June.
July-May.



9 days in June.

Dog Violet with
Common Dog Violet,
Heath Dog Violet and
Wood Dog Violet

Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary

Egg,

Caterpillar



Chrysalis

1 egg on leaf or stem.

Feeds on leaves until July. Hibernates in dead leaves until March. Eats young leaves until April.
---

Hatches after 10 days in May-June.
June-April



April-June.

Dogwood

Holly Blue

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

 

1 egg on underside of a flower bud on its stalk.
Eats flower bud.
---

 

7 days.

28-42 days.
18 days. Early September to Late April for second generation.

Elm and Wych Elm

Large Tortoiseshell

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

Eggs laid in batches encircling the branch of the food plant.
Feeds on leaves.
Hangs suspended from stem.

Hatches after 18-22 days in April.
30 days in May.
9 days in June.

False Brome is a grass (Wood Brome, Wood False-brome and Slender False-brome)

Large Skipper

Egg,
Caterpillar
Chrysalis

1 egg under leaf.
Eats leaves.
---

...
11 Months
3 weeks from May

Foxglove

Marsh Fritillary

Egg,

Caterpillar



Chrysalis

Eggs laid in batches on the under side of the leaves.
Feeds on leaves until late August. Hibernates on dead leaves until March. Eats leaves until May.
---

Hatches after 20 days in July.
July-May



15 days in May.

Fyfield Pea

Wood White

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

1 egg laid on underside of leaflets or bracts.
Eats leaves.
---

7 days in June.

32 days in June-July.
July-May.

Garden Pansy

Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary

Egg,

Caterpillar


Chrysalis

1 egg on leaf or stem.
Feeds on leaves until July. Hibernates in dead leaves until March. Eats young leaves until April.
---

Hatches after 10 days in May-June.
June-April


April-June.

Gorse

Holly Blue

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

 

1 egg on underside of a flower bud on its stalk.
Eats flower bud.
---

 

7 days.

28-42 days.
18 days. Early September to Late April for second generation.

Heartsease

Queen of Spain Fritillary

Egg,

Caterpillar


Chrysalis

1 egg laid under the leaf or on top of the flower.
Eats leaves, then before pupating it eats the bloom and leaves of the pansies.
---

7 days in August.

23 days in August-September.

3 weeks in September

Hogs's Fennel

Swallowtail

Egg,


Caterpillar


Chrysalis

1 egg on leaf. 5 or 6 eggs may be deposited by separate females on one leaf.
Eats leaves, and moves to stems of sedges or other fen plants before pupating.
---

14 days in July-August.


August-September.


September-May.

Holly

Holly Blue

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

 

1 egg on underside of a flower bud on its stalk.
Eats flower bud.
---

 

7 days.

28-42 days.
18 days. Early September to Late April for second generation.

Honesty
(Lunaria biennis)

Orange Tip

Egg,

Caterpillar

Chrysalis

1 egg laid in the tight buds and flowers.
Eats leaves, buds, flowers and especially the seed pods.
---

May-June 7 days.

June-July 24 days.

August-May

Honeysuckle

Marsh Fritillary

Egg,

Caterpillar



Chrysalis

Eggs laid in batches on the under side of the leaves.
Feeds on leaves until late August. Hibernates on dead leaves until March. Eats leaves until May.
---

Hatches after 20 days in July.
July-May.



15 days in May.

Hop

Comma

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

Groups of eggs on upper side of leaf.
Eats leaves.
---

 

Horseshoe vetch

Adonis Blue




Chalk-Hill Blue


Berger's Clouded Yellow

Egg,
Caterpillar

Chrysalis

Egg,
Caterpillar
Chrysalis

Egg,


Caterpillar

Chrysalis

1 egg under leaf.
Eats leaves.

---

1 egg at base of plant.
Eats leaves.
---

1 egg on leaf.


Eats leaves.

---

1 then
June-March or September to July
3 weeks.

Late August-April.
April-June
1 Month

8-10 days in Late May-June or Middle August-September
June-July or September to October
8-15 days

Ivy

Holly Blue

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

 

1 egg on underside of a flower bud on its stalk.
Eats flower bud.
---

 

7 days.

28-42 days.
18 days. Early September to Late April for second generation.

Kidney Vetch

Chalk-Hill Blue

Egg,
Caterpillar
Chrysalis
Butterfly

1 egg at base of plant.
Eats leaves.
---
Eats nectar.

Late August-April.
April-June
1 Month
20 days

Lucerne

Pale Clouded Yellow



Clouded Yellow

Egg,
Caterpillar
Chrysalis


Egg,
Caterpillar
Chrysalis

1 egg on leaf.
Eats leaves.



1 egg on leaf.
Eats leaves.
---

10 days in May-June.
July-August.
17 days in August-September.

6 days in May-June.
30 days.
18 days in July-August.

Mallows

Painted Lady

Egg,
Caterpillar
Chrysalis

1 egg on leaf.
Eats leaves.
---

2 weeks
7-11days
7-11 days

Melilot

Clouded Yellow

Egg,
Caterpillar
Chrysalis

1 egg on leaf.
Eats leaves.
 

6 days in May-June.
30 days.
18 days in July-August.

Mignonettes

Small White

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

1 egg on underside of leaf.

Eats leaves.
---
 

May-June and August. 7 days.
28 days
21 days for May-June eggs, or overwinter till March

Milk Parsley

Swallowtail

Egg,


Caterpillar


Chrysalis

1 egg on leaf. 5 or 6 eggs may be deposited by separate females on one leaf.
Eats leaves, and moves to stems of sedges or other fen plants before pupating.
---

14 days in July-August.


August-September


September-May

Narrow-leaved Plantain (Ribwort Plantain)

Heath Fritillary

Egg,

Caterpillar



Chrysalis

Eggs laid in batches on the under side of the leaves.
Feeds on leaves until end of August. Hibernates on dead leaves until March. Eats young leaves until June.
---

Hatches after 16 days in June.
June-April.



25 days in June.

Narrow-leaved Plantain (Ribwort Plantain)

Glanville Fritillary

Egg,

Caterpillar



Chrysalis

Eggs laid in batches on the under side of the leaves.
Feeds on leaves until middle of August. Hibernates on dead leaves until March. Eats leaves until April-May.
---

Hatches after 16 days in June.
June-April.



25 days in April-May.

Nasturtium from Gardens

Small White

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

1 egg on underside of leaf.

Eats leaves.
---
 

May-June and August. 7 days.
28 days.
21 days for May-June eggs, or overwinter till March

Oak Tree

Silver-washed Fritillary

Egg,
Caterpillar



Chrysalis

1 egg on tree trunk
Hibernates in a crevice in the bark of the tree trunk.
Moves out of tree to eat Dog Violet leaves.
On rock or twig.

15 days in July.
August-March.

March-May.

Late June-July

Mountain pansy,
Seaside Pansy,
Field Pansy and Cultivated Pansy.
 

Queen of Spain Fritillary

Egg,

Caterpillar

 

Chrysalis

1 egg laid under the leaf or on top of the flower.
Eats leaves of borage, sainfoin and heartsease, then before pupating it eats the bloom and leaves of the pansies.
---

7 days in August.

23 days in August-September
 

3 weeks in September

Pine Tree

Silver-washed Fritillary

Egg,
Caterpillar



Chrysalis

1 egg on tree trunk.
Hibernates in a crevice in the bark of the tree trunk.
Moves out of tree to eat Dog Violet leaves.
On rock or twig.

15 days in July.
August-March.

March-May.

Late June-July

Plantains

Marsh Fritillary

Egg,

Caterpillar



Chrysalis

Eggs laid in batches on the under side of the leaves.
Feeds on leaves until late August. Hibernates on dead leaves until March. Eats leaves until May.
---

Hatches after 20 days in July.
July-May



15 days in May.

Poplar

Large Tortoiseshell

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

Eggs laid in batches encircling the branch of the food plant.
Feeds on leaves.
Hangs suspended from stem.

Hatches after 18-22 days in April.
30 days in May.
9 days in June.

Restharrow

Common Blue

Egg,

Caterpillar


Chrysalis

Groups of eggs on upper side of leaf.
Eats buds and flowers.


Base of food plant.

-
-
Spend winter at the base of the food plant. They resume feeding in March.
2 weeks

Rock-rose

Brown Argus

Egg,
Caterpillar

1 egg under leaf.
Eats leaves.

 

Sainfoin

Queen of Spain Fritillary

Egg,

Caterpillar


Chrysalis

1 egg laid under the leaf or on top of the flower.
Eats leaves, then before pupating it eats the bloom and leaves of the pansies.
---

7 days in August.

23 days in August-September

3 weeks in September

Common Sallow (Willows, Osiers)

Large Tortoiseshell

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

Eggs laid in batches encircling the branch of the food plant.
Feeds on leaves.
Hangs suspended from stem

Hatches after 18-22 days in April.
30 days in May.
9 days in June.

Sea Plantain

Glanville Fritillary

Egg,

Caterpillar



Chrysalis

Eggs laid in batches on the under side of the leaves.
Feeds on leaves until middle of August. Hibernates on dead leaves until March. Eats leaves until April-May.
---

Hatches after 16 days in June.
June-April



25 days in April-May.

Snowberry

Holly Blue

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

 

1 egg on underside of a flower bud on its stalk.
Eats flower bud.
---
 

7 days.

28-42 days.
18 days. Early September to Late April for second generation.

Spindle-tree

Holly Blue

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

 

1 egg on underside of a flower bud on its stalk.
Eats flower bud.
---

 

7 days.

28-42 days.
18 days. Early September to Late April for second generation.

Stinging Nettle

Comma




Painted Lady



Peacock

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

Egg
Caterpillar
Chrysalis

Egg,


Caterpillar

Chrysalis

Groups of eggs on upper side of leaf.
Eats leaves.
---

1 egg on leaf.
Eats leaves.
---

Dense mass of 450-500 eggs on the under side of leaves over a 2 hour period.
Eats leaves, and moves to another plant before pupating.
---






2 weeks in June.
7-11 days.
7-11 days.

14 days in April-May.


28 days.

13days.

Storksbill

Brown Argus

Egg,
Caterpillar

1 egg under leaf.
Eats leaves.

 

Thistles

Painted Lady

Egg,
Caterpillar
Chrysalis

1 egg on leaf.
Eats leaves.
---

2 weeks
7-11days
7-11 days

Trefoils 1, 2, 3

Clouded Yellow

Egg,
Caterpillar
Chrysalis

1 egg on leaf.
Eats leaves.
 

6 days in May-June.
30 days.
18 days in July-August.

Vetches

Common Blue

Egg,

Caterpillar


Chrysalis

Groups of eggs on upper side of leaf.
Eats buds and flowers.


Base of food plant.

-
-
Spend winter at the base of the food plant. They resume feeding in March.
2 weeks

Vetches

Wood White

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

1 egg laid on underside of leaflets or bracts.
Eats leaves.
---

7 days in June.

32 days in June-July.
July-May.

Violets:-
Common Dog Violet,
Hairy Violet,
Heath Dog-violet

Pale Dog violet
Sweet Violet

Dark Green Fritillary

Egg,

Caterpillar


Chrysalis

1 egg on underside of leaf or on stalk.
Hibernates where it hatches.
Eats leaves.

Base of food plant.

July-August for 17 days.

Spends winter on plant until end of March. Eats leaves until end of May.
4 weeks.

Violets:-
Common Dog Violet,
Hairy Violet,
Heath Dog-violet

Pale Dog violet
Sweet Violet

High Brown Fritillary

Egg,

Caterpillar

Chrysalis

1 egg on stem or stalk near plant base.
Feed on young leaves, stalks and stems
---

July to hatch in 8 months in March.
9 weeks ending in May.

4 weeks

Vipers Bugloss

Painted Lady

Egg,
Caterpillar
Chrysalis

1 egg on leaf.
Eats leaves.
---

2 weeks.
7-11days.
7-11 days

Whitebeam
(White Beam)

Large Tortoiseshell

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

Eggs laid in batches encircling the branch of the food plant.
Feeds on leaves.
Hangs suspended from stem.

Hatches after 18-22 days in April.
30 days in May.
9 days in June.

Wild Angelica

Swallowtail

Egg,


Caterpillar


Chrysalis

1 egg on leaf. 5 or 6 eggs may be deposited by separate females on one leaf.
Eats leaves, and moves to stems of sedges or other fen plants before pupating.
---

14 days in July-August.


August-September.


September-May

Willow
(Bay Willow)

Large Tortoiseshell

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

Eggs laid in batches encircling the branch of the food plant.
Feeds on leaves.
Hangs suspended from stem.

Hatches after 18-22 days in April.
30 days in May.
9 days in June.

Wood-Sage

Marsh Fritillary

Egg,

Caterpillar



Chrysalis

Eggs laid in batches on the under side of the leaves.
Feeds on leaves until late August. Hibernates on dead leaves until March. Eats leaves until May.
---

Hatches after 20 days in July.
July-May.



15 days in May.

 

Plants used by the Butterflies

Plant Name

Butterfly Name

Egg/ Caterpillar/ Chrysalis/ Butterfly

Plant Usage

Plant Usage Months

Asters
in gardens

Comma

Butterfly

Eats nectar.

 

Runner and Broad Beans in fields and gardens

Large White


Small White

Butterfly

Eats nectar

April-June or July-September.

March-May or June-September

Aubretia in gardens

Clouded Yellow

Butterfly

Eats nectar

May-June or August till killed by frost and damp in September-November

Birch

Holly Blue

Butterfly

Eats sap exuding from trunk.

April-Mid June and Mid July-Early September for second generation.

Common Birdsfoot Trefoil

Chalk-Hill Blue

Wood White

Marsh Fritillary

Butterfly

Eats nectar.

20 days.


May-June.

30 days in May-June.

Bitter Vetch

Wood White

Butterfly

Eats nectar

May-June

Bluebell

Holly Blue




Pearl-bordered Fritillary

Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary

Butterfly

Eats nectar

April-Mid June and Mid July-Early September for second generation.


June.



June-August.

Bramble

Comma

Silver-washed Fritillary

High Brown Fritillary

Butterfly

Eats nectar.

July-October.

7 weeks in July-August.



June-August

Buddleias
in gardens

Comma

Peacock

Butterfly

Eats nectar.

July-October.

July-May

Bugle

Wood White

Pearl-bordered Fritillary

Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary

Heath Fritillary

Butterfly

Eats nectar

May-June.

June.



June-August.



June-July.

Cabbage and cabbages in fields

Large White


Small White


Green-veined White

Orange Tip

Butterfly

Eats nectar

April-June or July-September.

March-May or June-September.

A Month during May-June or second flight in late July-August.

May-June for 18 days.

Charlock

Painted Lady

Butterfly

Eats nectar

July-October

Clovers 1, 2, 3

Adonis Blue



Chalk-Hill Blue

Painted Lady

Peacock

Large White


Small White

Butterfly

Eats nectar.

1 Month during Mid-May to Mid-June or during August-September

20 days in August.


July-October.

July-May.

April-June or July-September.

March-May or June-September

Clovers 1, 2, 3

Pale Clouded Yellow


Clouded Yellow


Berger's Clouded Yellow


Queen of Spain Fritillary

Butterfly

Eats nectar

May-June or August till killed by frost and damp in September-November

May-June or August till killed by frost and damp in September-November.

1 Month in May-June or August till killed by frost and damp in September-November.

May-September.

Cow-wheat
(Common CowWheat, Field CowWheat)

Heath Fritillary

Butterfly

Eats nectar

June-July

Cuckoo Flower (Lady's Smock)

Wood White

Butterfly

Eats nectar

May-June

Dandelion

Holly Blue



Marsh Fritillary

Butterfly

Eats nectar

April-Mid June and Mid July-Early September for second generation.

30 days in May-June.

Fleabanes

Common Blue

Butterfly

Eats nectar.

3 weeks between May and September

Germander Speedwell (Veronica chamaedrys - Birdseye Speedwell)

Heath Fritillary

Butterfly

Eats nectar

June-July

Greater Knapweed

Comma

Peacock

Clouded Yellow


Brimstone

Butterfly

Eats nectar.

July-October.

July-May.

May-June or August till killed by frost and damp in September-November.

12 months

Hawkbit

Marsh Fritillary

Butterfly

Eats nectar

30 days in May-June.

Heartsease

Queen of Spain Fritillary

Butterfly

Eats nectar

May-September

Hedge Parsley

Orange Tip

Butterfly

Eats nectar.

May-June for 18 days.

Hemp agrimony

Comma

Butterfly

Eats nectar.

July-October

Horseshoe vetch

Adonis Blue

Chalk-Hill Blue

Butterfly

Eats nectar.

1 Month.

20 days

Ivy

Painted Lady

Brimstone

Butterfly

Eats nectar.

Hibernates during winter months in its foliage.

July-October.

October-July

Lucerne

Painted Lady

Large White


Small White


Pale Clouded Yellow


Clouded Yellow


Berger's Clouded Yellow

Butterfly

Eats nectar

July-October.

April-June or July-September.

March-May or June-September

May-June or August till killed by frost and damp in September-November.

May-June or August till killed by frost and damp in September-November.

1 Month in May-June or August till killed by frost and damp in September-November

Marigolds in gardens

Clouded Yellow

Butterfly

Eats nectar

May-June or August till killed by frost and damp in September-November

Marjoram

Adonis Blue



Chalk-Hill Blue

Common Blue

Clouded Yellow

Butterfly

Eats nectar.

1 Month during Mid-May to Mid-June or during August-September.

20 days in August.


3 weeks in May-September.

May-June or August till killed by frost and damp in September-November

Michaelmas Daisies
in gardens

Comma

Butterfly

Eats nectar.

July-October

Mignonettes

Large White


Small White

Butterfly

Eats nectar

April-June or July-September.

March-May or June-September

Narrow-leaved Plantain (Ribwort Plantain)

Heath Fritillary

Butterfly

Eats nectar

June-July

Nasturtiums in gardens

Large White


Small White

Butterfly

Eats nectar

April-June or July-September

March-May or June-September

Oak Tree

Holly Blue

Butterfly

Eats sap exuding from trunk.

April-Mid June and Mid July-Early September for second generation.

Primroses

Pearl-bordered Fritillary

Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary

Butterfly

Eats nectar

June.



June-August.

Ragged Robin

Wood White

Heath Fritillary

Butterfly

Eats nectar

May-June.

June-July.

Scabious

Painted Lady

Peacock

Butterfly

Eats nectar

July-October.

July-May

Sedum

Peacock

Butterfly

Eats nectar

July-May

Teasels

Silver-washed Fritillary

Butterfly

Eats nectar

7 weeks in July-August.

Thistles -
Creeping Thistle, Dwarf Thistle, Marsh Thistle, Meadow Thistle, Melancholy Thistle, Milk Thistle,
Musk Thistle, Seaside Thistle, Scotch Thistle, Spear Thistle, Tuberous Thistle, Welted Thistle, Woolly Thistle

Comma

Painted Lady

Peacock

Swallowtail

Clouded Yellow


Brimstone

Silver-washed Fritillary

High Brown Fritillary

Dark Green Fritillary

Queen of Spain Fritillary

Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary

Butterfly

Eats nectar.

July-October.

July-October.

July-May.

May-July.

May-June or August till killed by frost and damp in September-November.

12 months.

7 weeks in July-August



June-August.


July-August for 6 weeks.


May-September.



June-August.

Thymes

Common Blue

Butterfly

Eats nectar.

3 weeks between May and September

Trefoils 1, 2, 3

Adonis Blue



Chalk-Hill Blue

Glanville Fritillary

Butterfly

 

Eats nectar.
 

1 Month during Mid-May to Mid-June or during August-September

20 days in August.


June-July

Vetches

Chalk-Hill Blue

Glanville Fritillary

Butterfly

Eats nectar.

20 days in August.


June-July.

Violets

Pearl-bordered Fritillary

Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary

Butterfly

Eats nectar

June.



June-August.

Wood-Sage

Heath Fritillary

Butterfly

Eats nectar

June-July

Apple/Pear/Cherry/Plum Fruit Tree Blossom in Spring

Peacock

Butterfly

Eats Nectar

April-May

Rotten Fruit

Peacock

Butterfly

Drinks juice

July-September

Tree sap and damaged ripe fruit, which are high in sugar

Large Tortoiseshell

Butterfly

Hibernates inside hollow trees or outhouses until March. Eats sap or fruit juice until April.

10 months in June-April

Wild Flowers

Large Skipper

Brimstone

Silver-washed Fritillary.

Queen of Spain Fritillary

Butterfly

Eats Nectar

June-August


12 months.

7 weeks in July-August.



May-September

Links to the other Butterflies:-

Black Hairstreak
Brown Hairstreak
Camberwell Beauty
Chequered Skipper
Dingy Skipper
Duke of Burgundy
Essex Skipper
Gatekeeper
Grayling
Green Hairstreak
Grizzled Skipper
Hedge Brown
Large Blue
Large Heath
Long-tailed Blue
Lulworth Skipper
Marbled White
Mazarine Blue
Meadow Brown
Monarch
Northern Brown Argus
Purple Emperor
Purple Hairstreak
Red Admiral
Ringlet
Scotch Argus
Short-tailed Blue
Silver-spotted Skipper
Silver-studded Blue
Small Copper
Small Heath
Small Mountain Ringlet
Small Skipper
Small Tortoiseshell
Speckled Wood
Wall Brown
White Admiral
White-letter Hairstreak