Topic
Case Studies
...Drive
...Foundations

Companion Planting
...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants

Garden Construction
Garden Design
...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed Borders
......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants Garden Maintenance
Glossary
Home
Library
Offbeat Glossary
Plants
...in Chalk (Alkaline) Soil
......A-F1, A-F2,
......A-F3, G-L, M-R,
......M-R Roses, S-Z
...in Heavy Clay Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...in Lime-Free (Acid) Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...in Light Sand Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...Poisonous Plants
Soil
...Soil Nutrients
Tool Shed
Useful Data

................

Topic - Plant Photo Galleries
Plant with Photo Index of Ivydene Gardens
A 1, Photos
B 1, Photos
C 1, Photos
D 1, Photos
E 1, Photos
F 1, Photos
G 1, Photos
H 1, Photos
I 1, Photos
J 1, Photos
K 1, Photos
L 1, Photos
M 1, Photos
N 1, Photos
O 1, Photos
P 1, Photos
Q 1, Photos
R 1, Photos
S 1, Photos
T 1, Photos
U 1, Photos
V 1, Photos
W 1, Photos
X 1 Photos
Y 1, Photos
Z 1 Photos
Articles/Items in Ivydene Gardens
Flower Shape and Plant Use of
Bedding
Bulb
Evergreen Perennial
Herbaceous Perennial
Rose
Evergreen Shrub
Deciduous Shrub
Evergreen Tree
Deciduous Tree
Annual
Fern
Wildflower

Aquatic
Bamboo
Bedding
...by Flower Shape

Bulb
...Allium/ Anemone
...Autumn
...Colchicum/ Crocus
...Dahlia
...Gladiolus
...Hippeastrum/ Lily
...Late Summer
...Narcissus
...Spring
...Tulip
...Winter
...Each of the above ...Bulb Galleries has its own set of Flower Colour Pages
...Flower Shape
Climber
...Clematis
...Climbers
Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
...Shrubs - Decid
Deciduous Tree
...Trees - Decid
Evergreen Perennial
...P-Evergreen A-L
...P-Evergreen M-Z
...Flower Shape
Evergreen Shrub
...Shrubs - Evgr
...Heather Shrub
Evergreen Tree
...Trees - Evgr
Fern
Grass
Hedging
Herbaceous
Perennial

...P -Herbaceous
...Peony
...Flower Shape
...RHS Wisley
......Mixed Border
......Other Borders
Herb
Odds and Sods
Rhododendron
Rose
...RHS Wisley A-F
...RHS Wisley G-R
...RHS Wisley S-Z
...Rose Use
...Other Roses A-F
...Other Roses G-R
...Other Roses S-Z
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
...Apple

...Cherry
...Pear
Vegetable

Wild Flower
with its
flower colour page,
space,
Site Map page in its flower colour
NOTE Gallery
...Blue Note
...Brown Note
...Cream Note
...Green Note
...Mauve Note
...Multi-Cols Note
...Orange Note
...Pink A-G Note
...Pink H-Z Note
...Purple Note
...Red Note
...White A-D Note
...White E-P Note
...White Q-Z Note
...Yellow A-G Note
...Yellow H-Z Note
...Shrub/Tree Note
Poisonous
Wildflower Plants

............

Topic - Flower/Foliage Colour
Colour Wheel Galleries

Following your choice using Garden Style then that changes your Plant Selection Process
Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form
Index

or
you could use these Flower Colour Wheels with number of colours
All Flowers 53

......Use of Plant and
...Flower Shape
*
All Flowers per Month 12
with its
Explanation of
Structure of this Website with

...User Guidelines
All Bee-Pollinated Flowers per Month 12
...Index
Rock Garden and Alpine Flower Colour Wheel with number of colours
Rock Plant Flowers 53

...Rock Plant Index A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, NO, PQ, R, S, T, UVWXYZ
...Rock Plant Photos

or
these Foliage Colour Wheels structures, which I have done but until I can take the photos and I am certain of the plant label's validity, these may not progress much further
All Foliage 212

All Spring Foliage 212
All Summer Foliage 212
All Autumn Foliage 212
All Winter Foliage 212

or
Flower Colour Wheel without photos, but with links to photos
12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index

............

Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Butterfly
Usage of Plants
by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly

Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly usage of
Plant A-C
Plant C-M
Plant N-W
Butterfly usage of Plant

followed by all the Wild Flower Family Pages:-

There are 180 families in the Wildflowers of the UK and they have been split up into 22 Galleries to allow space for up to 100 plants per gallery.

Each plant named in each of the Wildflower Family Pages may have a link to:-

its Plant Description Page in its Common Name in one of those Wildflower Plant Galleries

and does have links:-

to external sites to purchase the plant or seed in its Botanical Name,

to see photos in its Flowering Months and

to read habitat details in its Habitat Column.

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 1


(o)Adder's Tongue
Amaranth
(o)Arrow-Grass
(o)Arum
(o)Balsam
Bamboo
(o)Barberry
(o)Bedstraw
(o)Beech
(o)Bellflower
(o)Bindweed
(o)Birch
(o)Birds-Nest
(o)Birthwort
(o)Bogbean
(o)Bog Myrtle
(o)Borage
(o)Box
(o)Broomrape
(o)Buckthorn
(o)Buddleia
(o)Bur-reed
(o)Buttercup
(o)Butterwort
(o)Cornel (Dogwood)
(o)Crowberry
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 1
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2
Cypress
(o)Daffodil
(o)Daisy
(o)Daisy Cudweeds
(o)Daisy Chamomiles
(o)Daisy Thistle
(o)Daisy Catsears (o)Daisy Hawkweeds
(o)Daisy Hawksbeards
(o)Daphne
(o)Diapensia
(o)Dock Bistorts
(o)Dock Sorrels

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 2


(o)Clubmoss
(o)Duckweed
(o)Eel-Grass
(o)Elm
(o)Filmy Fern
(o)Horsetail
(o)Polypody
Quillwort
(o)Royal Fern
(o)Figwort - Mulleins
(o)Figwort - Speedwells
(o)Flax
(o)Flowering-Rush
(o)Frog-bit
(o)Fumitory
(o)Gentian
(o)Geranium
(o)Glassworts
(o)Gooseberry
(o)Goosefoot
(o)Grass 1
(o)Grass 2
(o)Grass 3
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 1
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 2
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 3
(o)Hazel
(o)Heath
(o)Hemp
(o)Herb-Paris
(o)Holly
(o)Honeysuckle
(o)Horned-Pondweed
(o)Hornwort
(o)Iris
(o)Ivy
(o)Jacobs Ladder
(o)Lily
(o)Lily Garlic
(o)Lime
(o)Lobelia
(o)Loosestrife
(o)Mallow
(o)Maple
(o)Mares-tail
(o)Marsh Pennywort
(o)Melon (Gourd/Cucumber)
 

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 3


(o)Mesem-bryanthemum
(o)Mignonette
(o)Milkwort
(o)Mistletoe
(o)Moschatel
Naiad
(o)Nettle
(o)Nightshade
(o)Oleaster
(o)Olive
(o)Orchid 1
(o)Orchid 2
(o)Orchid 3
(o)Orchid 4
(o)Parnassus-Grass
(o)Peaflower
(o)Peaflower Clover 1
(o)Peaflower Clover 2
(o)Peaflower Clover 3
(o)Peaflower Vetches/Peas
Peony
(o)Periwinkle
Pillwort
Pine
(o)Pink 1
(o)Pink 2
Pipewort
(o)Pitcher-Plant
(o)Plantain
(o)Pondweed
(o)Poppy
(o)Primrose
(o)Purslane
Rannock Rush
(o)Reedmace
(o)Rockrose
(o)Rose 1
(o)Rose 2
(o)Rose 3
(o)Rose 4
(o)Rush
(o)Rush Woodrushes
(o)Saint Johns Wort
Saltmarsh Grasses
(o)Sandalwood
(o)Saxifrage
 

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 4


Seaheath
(o)Sea Lavender
(o)Sedge Rush-like
(o)Sedges Carex 1
(o)Sedges Carex 2
(o)Sedges Carex 3
(o)Sedges Carex 4
(o)Spindle-Tree
(o)Spurge
(o)Stonecrop
(o)Sundew
(o)Tamarisk
Tassel Pondweed
(o)Teasel
(o)Thyme 1
(o)Thyme 2
(o)Umbellifer 1
(o)Umbellifer 2
(o)Valerian
(o)Verbena
(o)Violet
(o)Water Fern
(o)Waterlily
(o)Water Milfoil
(o)Water Plantain
(o)Water Starwort
Waterwort
(o)Willow
(o)Willow-Herb
(o)Wintergreen
(o)Wood-Sorrel
(o)Yam
(o)Yew

 

It is worth remembering that especially with roses that the colour of the petals of the flower may change - The following photos are of Rosa 'Lincolnshire Poacher' which I took on the same day in R.V. Roger's Nursery Field:-

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot91a1a1a

Closed Bud

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot92a1a1a

Opening Bud

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot93a1a1a

Juvenile Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot94a1a1a

Older Juvenile Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot95a1a1a

Middle-aged Flower - Flower Colour in Season in its
Rose Description Page is
"Buff Yellow, with a very slight pink tint at the edges in May-October."

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot96a1a1a

Mature Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot97a1a1a

Juvenile Flower and Dying Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot98a1a1a

Form of Rose Bush

There are 720 roses in the Rose Galleries; many of which have the above series of pictures in their respective Rose Description Page.

So one might avoid the disappointment that the 2 elephants had when their trunks were entwined instead of them each carrying their trunk using their own trunk, and your disappointment of buying a rose to discover that the colour you bought it for is only the case when it has its juvenile flowers; if you look at all the photos of the roses in the respective Rose Description Page!!!!

 

 

Fragrant Plants adds the use of another of your 5 senses in your garden:-
Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers.

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Leaves.

Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Bark.

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an
Acid Soil
.

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil
.

Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
.

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers.

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Leaves.

Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves.

Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers.

Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit.

Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers.

Night-scented Flowering Plants.

Scented Aquatic Plants.

Plants with Scented Fruits.

Plants with Scented Roots.

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Wood.

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Gums.

Scented Cacti and Succulents.

Plants bearing Flowers or Leaves of Unpleasant Smell.
 

Flower Perfume Group:-

Indoloid Group.

Aminoid Group with scent - Hawthorn.

Heavy Group with scents -
Jonquil and
Lily.

Aromatic Group with scents - Almond,
Aniseed, Balsamic,
Carnation, Cinnamon, Clove,
Spicy and
Vanilla.

Violet Group.

Rose Group.

Lemon Group with scent -
Verbena.

Fruit-scented Group with scents -
Apricot,
Fruity,
Green Apple,
Orange, Pineapple,
Ripe Apple , Ripe Banana and
Ripe Plum.

Animal-scented Group with scents -
Cat,
Dog,
Ferret,
Fox,
Goat,
Human Perspiration,
Musk,
Ripe Apple and
Tom Cat.

Honey Group.

Unpleasant Smell Group with scents -
Animal,
Fetid,
Fishy,
Foxy,
Fur-like,
Garlic,
Hemlock,
Manure,
Nauseating,
Perspiration,
Petrol,
Putrid,
Rancid,
Sickly,
Skunk,
Stale Lint,
Sulphur and
Urinous.

Miscellaneous Group with scents -
Balm,
Brandy,
Cedar,
Cloying,
Cowslip,
Cucumber,
Damask Rose, Daphne,
Exotic,
Freesia,
Fur-like,
Gardenia,
Hay-like,
Heliotrope, Honeysuckle,
Hops,
Hyacinth,
Incense-like, Jasmine,
Laburnham,
Lilac,
Lily of the Valley, Meadowsweet, Mignonette,
Mint,
Mossy,
Muscat,
Muscatel,
Myrtle-like,
Newly Mown Hay, Nutmeg,
Piercing,
Primrose,
Pungent,
Resinous, Sandalwood, Sassafras,
Seductive,
Slight,
Soft,
Stephanotis,
Sulphur,
Starch,
Sweet,
Sweet-briar,
Tea-rose,
Treacle and
Very Sweet.

 

Ivydene Gardens Colour Wheel - Plant Use and Flower Shape Gallery:
Plant is Adjacent to Water Use.

Also, view the plants in the pages in the

 

 

Flowering Months range abbreviates month
to its first 3 letters (Apr-Jun is April, May and June).

Click on centre of thumbnail to move from this page to the
Plant Description Page of the Plant named in the Text box below that photo.

The Comments Row of that Plant Description
links to where you personally can purchase that plant via mail-order.

Bulb and Perennial Height from Text Border Colour

Brown =
0-12
inches
(0-30
cms)

Blue = 12-24 inches (30-60 cms)

Green = 24-36 inches (60-90 cms)

Red = 36-72 inches (90-180 cms)

Black = 72+ inches (180+ cms)

Bulb and Perennial Soil Moisture from Text Background


Wet Soil


Moist Soil


Dry Soil

mimulusprimuloidesflot1

mitellaflobreweriformmay81

omphalodesflotcappadocicaformapr71

ophiopogonplaniscapusnigrescensflot

alliumcflogeyerirvroger

alliumcflo1macranthumrvroger

alliumcflomaximowicziirvroger

alliumcfloursinumrvroger

CLAY, PEATY. Mimulus primul-oides Erythr-anthe primul-oides SUN AND PART SHADE
Jul-Aug

LEAFY ACIDIC SAND Mitella breweri

PART SHADE

May-Jul

Beside stream

CHALK AND PEATY. Omphal-odes cappad-ocica PART SHADE

Apr

Acid Sand Peaty. Ophiopo-gon plan-iscapus 'Nigresc-ens' SUN, PART SHADE

Jul-Aug

CHALK, SAND.
Allium geyeri
SUN

Apr-May

Besides streams and in moist mead-ows

SAND.
Allium macran-thum
SUN

Jul-Aug
Do not plant at pond edge. Plant on stream bank

CHALK, SAND.
Allium maxim-owiczii
SUN

May-Jul
Damp meadows, along river-sides, wetlands

CHALK, SAND.
Allium ursinum
SUN, PART SHADE

May-Jun

alliumcfloplummeraervroger1

anemonecflo1demissakevock

anemonecflot9trullifoliakevock

 

 

 

 

 

ANY FERTILE SOIL.
Allium plumm-erae
SUN

Jun-Sep Noxious Weed in USA

CHALK, SAND.
Anemone demissa
SUN, PART SHADE

May-Jul

Stream-side

SAND WITH PEAT.
Anemone trullifolia
PART SHADE

Apr-Aug

Stream-side

 

 

 

 

 

alliumcfloangulosumrvroger

alliumcflotriquetrumgeetee

anemonecflorupicolakevock

 

 

 

 

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a38a1a

CHALK, SAND.
Allium angul-osum
Sun, part shade. White flower

Jun-Aug Damp meadows near rivers

CHALK, SAND.
Allium triq-uetrum
Sun, Part shade, Full shade

Apr-Jun

SAND IN SCREE.
Anemone rupicola
SUN

Jun-Aug

Stream-side

 

 

 

 

 

iriscflot9laevigata1

alliumcflojesdianumpurplekingrvroger

alliumcflonutansrvroger

alliumcfloscorodoprasumrvroger

alliumcflowallichiirvroger

 

 

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a46b1

ACIDIC SAND with compost.
Iris laevigata

SUN

May-Jun

CHALK, SAND.
Allium jesdi-anum 'Purple King' SUN

May-Jul

ANY WELL-DRAINED SOIL.
Allium nutans
SUN

Jun-Jul
In wet meadows

CHALK, SAND.
Allium scorodo-prasum SUN

May-Aug

Sandy river banks

CHALK, SAND.
Allium wallichii SUN

Jul-Sep

Stream banks

 

 

 

aruncusdioicusflot9

impatiensflottinctoria

anemonepflo1hupehensiskevock

irisflotpseudacorus

lilliumcfloduchartreirvroger1

 

 

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a46a1a

CLAY.
Aruncus dioicus


PART AND FULL SHADE

Jun-Jul

Along-side Stream-sides, Water Garden

POT CO-MPOST Impat-iens tinctoria

FULL SUN

Jul-Oct

ACIDIC SAND, CHALK.
Anemone hupe-hensis
PART SHADE

Aug-Sep

ACIDIC SAND.
Iris pseud-acorus

SUN

Aug-Sep

ACIDIC SAND, PEAT. Lilium duch-artrei
PART SHADE for flowers and roots
Jun-Jul

In marshy ground

 

 

 


The above bulbs come from Beside Stream or Water Garden page in the Bulb Shape Gallery

rosablackflo2jackgarnonwilliams2e1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shrub
Height from Text Border Colour

Brown =
0-12
inches
(0-30
cms)

Blue = 12-36 inches (30-90 cms)

Green = 36-60 inches (90-150 cms)

Red = 60-120 inches (150-300 cms)

Black = 120+ inches (300+ cms)

Shrub
Soil Moisture from Text Background


Wet Soil


Moist Soil


Dry Soil

rosablackflo2jackgarnonwilliams1a1a

 

 

 

rosablackflo2jackgarnonwilliams3a1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

rosablackflo2jackgarnonwilliams5a1

 

 

 

rosablackflo2jackgarnonwilliams4a1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

rosablackflo2jackgarnonwilliams2a1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tree
Height from Text Border Colour

Brown =
0-240
inches
(0-600
cms)

Blue = 240-480 inches (600-1200 cms)

Green = 480+ inches (1200+ cms)

Red = Potted

Black = Use in Small Garden

Tree
Soil Moisture from Text Background


Wet Soil


Moist Soil


Dry Soil

rosablackflo2jackgarnonwilliams1b1a

 

 

 

rosablackflo2jackgarnonwilliams3b1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

rosablackflo2jackgarnonwilliams6a1

 

 

 

rosablackflo2jackgarnonwilliams4b1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

rosablackflo2jackgarnonwilliams2b1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Climber
Height from Text Border Colour

 

Blue = 0-36 inches (0-90 cms)

Green = 36-120 inches (90-300 cms)

Red = 120+ inches (180+ cms)

 

Climber
Soil Moisture from Text Background


Wet Soil


Moist Soil


Dry Soil

rosablackflo2jackgarnonwilliams1c1a

 

 

 

rosablackflo2jackgarnonwilliams3c1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

rosablackflo2jackgarnonwilliams7a1

 

 

 

rosablackflo2jackgarnonwilliams4c1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

rosablackflo2jackgarnonwilliams2c1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Aquatic, Bamboo, Bedding, Conifer, Fern, Grass, Herb, Rhododendron, Rose, Soft Fruit, Top Fruit, Vegetable and Wildflower
Height from Text Border Colour

 

Blue = 0-24 inches (0-60 cms)

Green = 24-72 inches (60-180 cms)

Red =
72+ inches (180+ cms)

 

Aquatic, Bamboo, Bedding, Conifer, Fern, Grass, Herb, Rhododendron, Rose, Soft Fruit, Top Fruit, Vegetable and Wildflower
Soil Moisture from Text Background


Wet Soil


Moist Soil


Dry Soil

rosablackflo2jackgarnonwilliams1d1a

 

 

 

rosablackflo2jackgarnonwilliams3d1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

rosanutkanaplenaflot2

rosavillosaflot2

These are the roses which are excellent to be Adjacent to Water

himalayanflotbalsam

 

 

 

MODERN SHRUB 10 Rosa nutkana 'Plena'
 

SUN

MODERN SHRUB 10 Rosa villosa

SUN AND PART SHADE

 

 

BALSAM Himal-ayan Balsam WATER-WAY BANKS

Jul-Oct

Annual. Wild-flower

 

 

 

rosacaninadogroseflot3

rosaexcelsacflorogerltd3

rosagardeniaflomidcgarnonswilliams2

rosamargueritehillingCflorogerltd1

rosanevadacflorogerltd1

rosacerisebouquetflot2

rosapaulshimalayanmuskcflorogerltd3

rosasanderswhiteramblercflorogerltd3

MODERN SHRUB 10 Rosa canina 'Dog Rose' Sun and Part Shade

RAM-BLER 16 Rosa 'Excelsa' SUN AND PART SHADE

RAM-BLER 16 Rosa 'Gar-denia'

SUN

MODERN SHRUB 10 Rosa 'Marg-uerite Hilling' SUN

MODERN SHRUB 10 Rosa 'Nevada' SUN

MODERN SHRUB 10 Rosa 'Cerise Bouq-uet'

SUN

RAMB-LER 12 Rosa 'Paul's Himal-ayan Musk'
SUN

RAM-BLER 16 Rosa 'Sanders White Rambler' Sun and part shade

rosathefieldroseflot2

rosakiftsgatecflorogerltd3

rosamulliganiiflot3

rosamoyesiiflot

rosaweddingdaycflorogerltd3

 

 

 

RAMB-LER 16 Rosa 'The Field Rose'

SUN AND PART SHADE

CLIMber 18 Rosa filipes 'Kifts-gate' SUN AND PART SHADE

CLIMber 18 Rosa mullig-anii


SUN AND PART SHADE

WILD 38 Rosa moyesii

SUN AND PART SHADE

CLIMber 18 Rosa 'Wedding Day' Climbing

SUN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Surface soil moisture is the water that is in the upper 10 cm (4 inches) of soil, whereas root zone soil moisture is the water that is available to plants, which is generally considered to be in the upper 200 cm (80 inches) of soil:-

  • Wet Soil has Saturated water content of 20-50% water/soil and is Fully saturated soil
  • Moist Soil has Field capacity of 10-35% water/soil and is Soil moisture 2–3 days after a rain or irrigation
  • Dry Soil has Permanent wilting point of 1-25% water/soil and is Minimum soil moisture at which a plant wilts
  • Residual water content of 0.1-10% water/soil and is Remaining water at high tension
  • Available Water Capacity for plants is the difference between water content at field capacity and permanent wilting point

 

Colour Wheel - Plant Use and Flower Shape Gallery

Site Map

 

Dark Tone
or Shades (Colours mixed with Black) is the outer circle of colours.

Mid-Tone
(Colours mixed with Grey) is the next circle of colours.

Pure Hue
(the Primary, Secondary or Tertiary Colour named) is the next circle of colours.

Pastel
(Colours mixed with White) is the innermost circle of colours.

 

These 12 colour spokes of Dark Tone, Mid-Tone, Pure Hue and Pastel are split into:-

Number

Primary Colour Name

Pure Hue Colour Name Used

1

Red

Red

2

Yellow

Yellow

3

Blue

Blue

Number

Secondary Colour Name

Pure Hue Colour Name Used

10

Orange

Vitamin C

11

Green

Lime

12

Violet

Magenta

Number

Tertiary Colour Name

Pure Hue Colour Name Used

100

Red Orange

Orange

101

Yellow Orange

Tangerine

102

Yellow Green

Lovely Lime

103

Blue Green

Light Teal

104

Blue Violet

Grape

105

Red Violet

Process Pagenta

Plant Bloom
Dec-Jan
Feb-Mar

Plant Bloom
Apr-May
Jun-Aug

Plant Bloom
Sep-Oct
Nov-Dec

There are other pages on Plants which bloom in each month of the year in this website:-

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Click on Flower Colour above Colour Name to compare flowers of same colour and different plant types or 1,
then 2, 3, or 4 for following pages

 

 

 

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White 1, 2

 

White 3

 

White Wild-flower 1, 2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gray

 

Silver
1
, 2

Black

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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105

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

100

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Blood Red 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Dried Blood
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chocolate 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

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10

 

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Fuzzy Wuzzy 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Forbidden
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Heatland 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Royal Purple
1

 

 

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Rusty Pelican
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Red 1, 2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Calihoe
1

 

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Process Pagenta
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Orange
1

 

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Tuscany
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Flat Pink
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Magenta
1

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Vitamin C 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pink
1
, 2

 

Orangelin
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

104

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

101

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Magenta Shift
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Atomic Tangerine
1

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Violet
1

The Bands
1

 

Grape
1

 

Mauve
1

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Sand
1

 

Tang-erine
1

Buddha Gold
1

Browser Caramel 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Off-White Blue
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bone
1
, 2

 

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Blue
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yellow
1
, 2

 

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Baby Blue
1

 

 

 

 

 

Lime-ade
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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2

 

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Periwinkle 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pine Glade
1

 

 

 

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Light Teal
1

 

Offwhite Green 1

 

Lovely Lime
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Navy Blue
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Grass Stain
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

103

 

Aqua
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lime 1

 

 

 

Slimer 2
1

 

102

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Blue Stone
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weak Green 1

 

 

 

Verdun Green
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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11

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pakistan Green 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

When you have reached the required Flower Colour Page, then click on Flowering Months of the required plant to compare this flower with others
from the same Plant Type - Bulbs, Climbers, Evergreen perennials - in that month
OR
with others from the plants at RHS Wisley in that month

Plant Selection by Flower Colour

Blue Flowers

Bedding.
Bulb.
Climber.
Evergr Per.
Evergr Shrub.
Wild Flower.
 

Orange Flowers

Bedding.

Wild Flower.

Other Colour Flowers

Bedding.

Bulb.
Climber.
Evergr Per.
Evergr Shrub.
Wild Flower.

Red Flowers

Bedding.

Bulb.
Climber.
Decid Shrub.
Evergr Per.
Evergr Shrub.
Herbac Per.
Rose.
Wild Flower.

White Flowers

Bedding.

Bulb.
Climber.
Decid Shrub.
Decid Tree.
Evergr Per.
Evergr Shrub.
Herbac Per.
Rose.
Wild Flower.
 

Yellow Flowers

Bedding.
Bulb.
Climber.
Decid Shrub.
Evergr Per.
Evergr Shrub.
Herbac Per.
Rose.
Wild Flower.
 

 

Plant Index to all compared thumbnails of this flower colour in this page:-

Click on Flowering Period Month to compare this flower EITHER with others from the same Plant Type - Bulbs, Climbers, Evergreen Perennials - in that month OR with others from the plants at RHS Wisley in that month

Plant Name.

A Ground Cover Name from the 1000 Ground Cover List from PLANTS Topic is in Brown

Flower Colour with
Flower Thumbnail

Flowering
Months
with Link to Flower Colour Comparison Page in that month

Form Thumbnail

Height x Width in inches (cms) -
1 inch = 2.5 cms,
12 inches = 1 foot,
36 inches = 3 feet = 1 yard,
40 inches = 100 cms

Foliage Colour with Foliage Thumbnail

Plant Use

Comments

Bulbs

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mimulus
primuloides
(Erythranthe primuloides, Monkey Flower, Musk)
UK native plant Primrose Monkey-flower from the Figwort Family
 

Yellow with Red-spotted
throats

mimulusprimuloidesflot2

July, August

mimulusprimuloidesfort1

Moss-like Mat.
5 Sepal, tubular-shaped flower on a stem

4 x 8
(9 x 21)

Clay, Peaty.
Full Sun, Part Shade.
Very Moist - Native USA Plant in Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast.

Light to Mid Green, lance-shaped leaves in a basal rosette.

mimulusprimuloidesfolt1

Plant in damp section of rock garden. A ground cover for small, moist situations, creek side situations.

It grows in wet habitat in mountains and plateau areas, such as stream banks.
The plant forms like bulblets which go dormant in winter so it should emerge again in Spring.

Mitella breweri
(Bishop's Cap, Mitrewort)

Yellowish-Green

mitellaflobreweriformmay81a1

May, June, July

mitellabrewerifort1

Clump.
5 petals in saucer-shaped flowers on a
Spike.

6 x 8
(15 x 21)

Leafy Acidic Sand.
Part Shade
Moist

Mid Green, shiny, hairy

mitellabrewerifolt1

Use for groundcover in a woodland garden. Grows in moist meadows, moist woods, along streams and mountain forests. Suitable for containers.

Self-seeds freely. Very pretty tiny pale green flowers on many short flower spikes. It creeps to form dense carpets under trees and shrubs.

Omphalodes
cappadocica
(Cappa-docian Navelwort, Blue-eyed Mary)

White-eyed,
azure Blue

omphalodesflotcappadocicaformapr71a1

April

omphalodesfortcappadocicaformapr71a

Clump.
5 petal, star-shaped flower on a spray

10 x 16
(24 x 39)

Chalk, Peaty.
Part Shade
Moist

The foliage is a very bright green and heart shaped, forming 40cm patches of tight rosettes all year round.

omphalodesfoltcappadocicaformapr71a

Use Navelwort as groundcover in a moist, shady, border, rock garden or woodland garden to create a slowly creeping carpet of shiny leaves

Prefers areas with moist soil and dappled shade in the afternoon but can tolerate occasional periods of drought.
Native to woodland habitats in Turkey.

Ophiopogon
planiscapus
'Nigrescens'
(Lilyturf, Mondo Grass)

Pale Purplish-White

ophiopogonplaniscapusnigrescensflot2a

July, August

ophiopogonplaniscapusnigrescensfort2a

Clump, stemless,
Spreading.
5 petal, bell-shaped flowers on a Short spike

8 x 12
(21 x 30)

ophiopogonplaniscapusnigrescensfrut2a

seed capsules

Acid Sand with Peaty.
Full Sun, but prefers Part Shade.
Moist

Almost Black foliage

ophiopogonplaniscapusnigrescensfolt2a

Can be used as a turf subst-itute (no mowing though)

Grow as grassy groundcover in raised beds, for border edging, in a rock garden or peat bed. Also alongside streams and pond margins. This may also be grown in containers and wintered indoors in a sunny window.

For growth as a ground cover, plants are best spaced 4” apart.
Top-dress annually with leaf mould in the autumn. Contrast this with yellow or grey-foliaged plants, such as Golden Creeping Jenny (Lysimachia nummularia ‘Aurea') or Creeping Lamium (Lamium maculatum).

Iris laevigata
(Japanese Water Iris, Rabbit-ear Iris, Kakitsubata, Kombirei )

The Species Iris Group of North America (SIGNA) has further details on this plant.

Purple-Blue

iriscflot9laevigata2

May, June

irisfortlaevigata1
Stemless.
6 petals in an umbel

30 x 6
(75 x 15)

Acidic Sand with composted organic material.
Full Sun
Wet - It is found growing in shallow waters and seems to prefer marshy and still ponds although it can also be grown in damp soil if conditions are right.

Mid Green, sword-shaped leaves

irisfoltlaevigata1

Double-pot your plants for insulation from the sun’s radiant heat, also for decorative purposes and let them flower in a cold greenhouse

The Japanese Water Iris much prefers to be grown in water. Can be used in small water features as well as a marginal in ponds.

Recom-mended water depth over crown of plant:
0 - 10cm (0 - 4 inches)

Broad sword-shaped leaves with tall mid-blue iris flowers which have a narrow cream splash on the falls. For cultivation indoors of bulbous Irises, a compost of equal parts light loam (sandy loam), leaf mould, and silver sand

Aruncus dioicus
(Goatsbeard)

Creamy-White

aruncusdioicusflot9a1

June, July

aruncusdioicusfort9a

Clump
Plume

72 x 48
(180 x 120)

Clay
Part Shade, Full Shade
Moist or Wet

Pinnately compound, Mid-Green

aruncusdioicusfolt9a

Moist wood-lands. Good for cutting. Native garden, a specimen, or groups along stream or water gardens. Mass down a slope.

This plant demands space. Mix with gunneras and Campanula latifolia, which are also self-sowing. Border background plant.

Impatiens
tinctoria
(Balsam)

Scented White

impatiensflottinctoria1a

July, August,
September, October

The butterfly-shaped flowers appear at the tops of the branches most months of the year.  The spur-shaped blossoms are white with red streaks, and have a curved, red spur in back that's almost 5 inches long!  The blooms have a sweet aroma and are especially fragrant in the morning.

96 x 36
(240 x 90)

John Innes No. 2 for pots.
Full Sun - It prefers filtered sunlight, or bright shade with some morning sun.
Moderate to high humidity - over 40% is recommended.

Large, ovate-lanceolate, Green

Can be grown as houseplant in the UK, since it is frost tender.

The plant can be brought indoors over the winter, where it may stay evergreen and continue flowering.  It will need a very large pot - at least 15 gallons.  If the pot is too small, the tubers may break it!  It can be grown outdoors in the ground in the Isle of Wight and the Channel Islands if mulched heavily and given overhead protection. 

Impatiens tinctoria comes from higher elevations in central Africa, where the climate is relatively cool.  Ideally it prefers temperatures between about 50 and 80 degrees Centigrade.  It can tolerate temperatures in the 80s and even above, but it might decline in consistently hot temperatures, especially if nights are warm. Like most Impatiens, it enjoys moist, well draining soil and regular feeding. 

Iris pseudacorus
(Yellow Flag, Pale yellow iris, water flag)

Yellow Flag is a Native UK plant from the Iris Family.

Yellow

irisflotpseudacorus2a
3 large downward-spreading sepals and 3 smaller erect petals

August, September

irisfortpseudacorus1
Stemless.

3 petals in star-shaped flower.

36-48 x 12 (90-120 x 30)

Acidic Sand.
Full Sun
Wet - Grows in water to 25 cm deep, or very near water, such as lakeside muds.

Grey-Green, sword-like

irisfoltpseudacorus1

Mulch with organic matter in the Spring.

Yellow Flag can be invasive when planted as a marginal in a pond. Clumped distribution in grasslands, more linear growth in woodlands. Indoor plant within water.

Partially expose the rhizome when planting in groups of three 6-12 inches apart. After 4 years, divide and replant in fresh soil. It is a weed in New Zealand and prohibited in USA. It is used as an erosion control plant

Allium geyeri
(Geyer Onion, Geyer's Onion, Bulbil Onion)

Pink

alliumcflogeyerirvroger1

April, May

Bell to Urn shaped flowers.

3-12 x 2
(8-30 x 5)

Chalk or Sand
Full Sun
Moist

Narrow dark green cylindrical leaves

Pollinated by bees. Grows by streams. Repels moles and deer. Grows well with Roses, beet and chaomile, but it inhibits the growth of legumes.

Easy to grow species from the meadows of the western USA, producing small bright pink flowers.

Allium macranthum

Mauve-Purple

alliumcflo1macranthumrvroger1

July, August

Clump.
Bell-shaped flowers in loose umbel on Drumstick

6 x 4
(15 x 10)

Sandy Soil
Full Sun
Moist - dislikes dry soils - do not put near pond edge

Narrow, flattened, Grayish-Green channeled leaves. Almost evergreen.

Interplant with ferns both to fill the space when its below ground. Grow in rock garden. Deer resistant.

Grows in high mountain meadows and stream banks in moist soil. Its root is fleshy and almost rhizomatous.

Allium maximowiczii
(Maximovich chive, Oriental Chive)

Rose-Pink and
Dark Pink

alliumcflomaximowicziirvroger1

May, June, July

Umbel on Drumstick.

6 x 4
(15 x 10)

Sand or Chalk
Full Sun
Moist

1 or 2 narrow green leaves

Grows in damp meadows, along riversides, forest margins, and wetlands.

The 10.3Mb PDF of the Phanerogram Flora of Mt. Yupari, Prov. Ishikari, Hokkaido, Japan provides further details of its native habitat.

Allium ursinum (Wild Garlic, Bear Garlic, ramsons, buckrams, wild garlic, broad-leaved garlic, wood garlic, bear leek, or bear's garlic)

White

alliumcfloursinumrvroger1

May, June

Strong garlic odour in 6 tepal, star-shaped flowers in umbel on drumstick

12 x 12
(30 x 30)
Well-drained Chalk, Sand
Full Sun and Part Shade (Thrives well in shade of woodland)
Moist - likes summer moisture

Basal, linear, 10-15 inches long and 1.5 inches wide Dark Green leaves emerge in the Spring before the flowers.

Grows in deciduous woodlands with, in the UK, bluebells. Groundcover only in woodland. Add sand to clay soils as needed to improve drainage.

Foliage dies down in June.
Naturalizes well even in quite dense shade. Grow with roses, carrots, beet and chamomile, but it inhibits the growth of legumes. Edible leaves.

Allium plummerae
(Tanners Canyon Onion, Plummer's Onion)

Icing Pink or White

alliumcfloplummeraervroger1a

June, July,
August, September

12 x 12
(30 x 30)

Any fertile soil
Full Sun
Moist

Upright tufts of strongly keeled grayish-green 10-20 inch long leaves

Grows in marshes, alongside streams and rocky slopes.

Noxious weed in only 46 states of USA; one of the Federal and State Noxious weeds.

Anemone demissa

White, Blue, Red
or Purple

anemonecflo1demissakevock1

May, June, July

6 petalled star shape bloom in a plate

6 x 6
(15 x 15)

Chalk, Sand
Part Shade or Full Sun
Moist

Dark Green

Woodland, Streamsides,
Naturalize in grass

Native to forests, sparse forests, scrub, grassy slopes and streamsides from 3000-5000 metres in North India.

Anemone trullifolia
(In China -
chi ye yin lian hua)

White fading to Blue.
Can be White,
Yellow, Pinkish,
Purplish or Blue in
China

anemonecflot9trullifoliakevock1

April,
May,
June,
July,
August

Clump.
5 tepal star-shape bloom on a stem

6 x 12-15
(15 x 30-38)
Sand and Peaty in cool moist spot
Part Shade
Moist. Avoid soil becoming completely dry during the summer and suspend watering in the winter.

Velvet/fuzzy textured Mid Green

Its native habitat is streamsides in forests and alpine meadows.

There are also 7 varieties of Anemone trullifolia.

St Andrews Botanic Garden May 2011 collaborated with colleagues in China.

Allium angulosum (Mouse Garlic)

Lilac-Purple or White

alliumcfloangulosumrvroger1

June, July, August
Clump. Upright Form
Cup-shaped fragrant umbels

8-18 x 12 (20-45 x 30)
Chalk, Sand. Damp meadows near rivers.
Full Sun and part shade from light woodland. Moist

12 inch long narrow deeply keeled dark green leaves

Plant with Echinops ritro, Lavandula angustifolia 'Munstead', Myrtus communis and Allium tuberosum.

Native from Europe to Siberia and whole plant is edible. Pollinated by bees. Not affected by deer. Haven for butterflies. Cut flower. Suitable for container and edging

Allium triquetrum
(Three Cornered Garlic, Stinking Onions, White flowered onion, in New Zealand it is known as onion weed)

White with
Green midvein

alliumcflotriquetrumgeetee1

April, May, June

Drooping one-sided umbel.

Never plant this without knowing how invasive it is.

18 x 8
(45 x 20)

Well-drained Chalk, Sand
Full Sun and Part Shade
Moist

Basal, linear, 10-15 inches long and 1.5 inches wide Dark Green leaves.

alliumcfoltriquetrumgeetee

Excellent as ground cover in poor well-drained soil in sun or shade where it will keep weeds under check, but keep it away from mixed borders. Can be used along the bottom of hedgebanks.

Do not use in USA
Thrives well in shade - full shade of deep woodland and part shade of light woodland. All parts of the plant are edible.

Best to use in a pot in the UK because it will invade.

Anemone rupicola
(Anemone batangensis, Anemone rupestris)

White, Yellowish
or Purplish

anemonecflorupicolakevock1

June, July,
August

5 tepal star shape bloom

4-10 x 6
(10-25 x 15)

Sandy loam with leaf soil and grit
Full Sun
Moist

Pale Green much divided 3-lobed leaves

Suitable in rock garden.

Its native habitat is woods, streamsides, stone cliffs and gravelly slopes from 2400-4200 metres.

Allium jesdianum
'Purple King
'
(Drumstick Onion)

Deep Purple

alliumcflojesdianumpurplekingrvroger1

May, June, July

Umbel on Drumstick

28 x 12
(70 x 30)

Well-drained Chalk, Sand
Full Sun
Moist

Mid-Green strap-shaped leaves. Foliage dies off soon after bloom.

Good cut flower. It will not grow if planted after December. Plant amongst summer flowering perennials and grasses. Will naturalize.

Requires plenty of moisture when growing; tolerates growing in very wet soil. Grow with roses to repel aphids.

Allium nutans
(Nodding Onion, Siberian Garlic Chive, Mangyr, Blue Chives)

Mid-Pink

alliumcflonutansrvroger1

June, July

Upright Star-shaped flowers in umbel on drumstick

18-36 x 9-12 (45-90 x 23-30)

Any well-drained Soil
Full Sun
Moist

Extra wide flat mid-green

The whole plant is said to repel insects and moles. Liked by Bees and Butterflies. Grow in Pot.

Native habitat of stony slopes and meadows on the steppes of central asia. Meadows and damp places in Tibet.

Allium scoro-doprasum
(Sand Leek, Rocambole)

Lilac to Purplish

alliumcfloscorodoprasumrvroger1

May, June, July, August

6 sepal flowers in a globular cluster on a drumstick with onion-like aroma

16-36 x 4
(40-90 x 10)

Well-drained Chalk or Sand . Native habitat of grassland and scrub on dry soils.
Full Sun
Dry

Mid Green

Coastal conditions. Sandy river banks and in open damp broad-leaved woodland, forest margin, shores, hillside meadows and hedgerows.

A bulbous, perennial herb spreading mainly by bulbils in rough grassland and waste ground, on road verges and track sides and by railways.

Allium wallichii
(Jimbu, Dzimbu)

Rose-Purple with
Green middle

alliumcflowallichiirvroger1

July, August,
September

Clump.
Star-shaped flowers in loose umbel

6-30 x 4
(15-75 x 10)

Well-drained Chalk, Sand
Full Sun
Moist - since it is fully open to the monsoon rains the flower stem is strongly built!

0.25-0.8 inches wide and 8-20 inches long, keeled, dark Green

Provides a welcome splash of colour in the autumn border and cut flowers. Use for edging and middle of border.

These plants can be allowed to self-seed to make impressive clumps. Edible flowers and cooked leaves. It's native habitat is forest margins, scrub, moist meadows and stream banks

Anemone hupehensis
(Japanese Anemone, Hupeh Anemone, Japanese Thimbleweed,
Chinese Common Name is da po wan hua hua)

White, Pink or Purple

anemonepflo1hupehensiskevock1

August, September

Clump and
Spreader.
5 petalled star shape bloom

36-48 x 18 (90-120 x 45)

Well-drained Acidic Sand is preferred - will tolerate fertile chalky soil.
Part Shade
Moist or Wet

2-8 inch long, 2-6 inch wide basal Green leaves with lower surface pale Green

In China is native and naturalized on scrub, grassy slopes and streamsides in hill regions.

Good Companions - Japanese anemones mix well with many vibrant autumn flowers, including Aster 'Little Carlow' and Aster laevis 'Calliope'.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Herbaceous Perennials

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Evergreen Perennials

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deciduous Shrub

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Evergreen Shrub

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deciduous Tree

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Evergreen Tree

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deciduous Climber

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Evergreen Climber

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Aquatic, Bamboo, Bedding, Conifer,
Fern,
Grass,
Herb,
Rhodo-dendron,
Rose,
Soft Fruit,
Top Fruit, Vegetable and Wildflower

 

 

 

 

 

 

Impatiens glandulifera (Himalayan Balsam)

Purplish-Pink
himalayanflotbalsam1

Jul-Oct
Pink Wild-flowers

72 x 36
(180 x 90)

Green

Annual stabilising stream banks. Background in Bog garden. Thornless.

Invasive in spreading its seeds. Best kept beside ponds and lakes, so that seeds do not escape outside your property.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


These roses come from Roses which can be Adjacent to Water in Rose Use Gallery Introduction.
There are another 700 roses in Rose INDEX
 

Rosa nutkana Plena
(Nootka Rose)

Pink
rosanutkanaplenaflot1a

Jun-Aug
followed by Ornamental hip display.

72 x 48
(180 x 120)

Spacing 60
(150)

Dark Greyish-Green and strong, relatively thornless, nut-brown stems.

Woodland and covert planting.
Grow in Pots.
Grow next to water.
Hedge.
Rose for poorer soils.
Shade.
Fragrant

Nutkana Roses are easy-going and will do well in almost any garden. This rose hates wet weather when in flower.

Tolerant of Poor Soils, so broadcast rose fertilizer in early summer as well.

Rosa villosa
(Rosa pomifera, Rosa 'Apple Rose')

Pink
rosavillosaflot1a1

Jun-Aug.
Very fragrant. Ornamental orange, apple-shaped and well covered in bristles, hip display.

72 x 60
(180 x 150)

Greyish-downy Green - very slightly fragrant - foliage.

Exhibition.
Shade.
Grow next to water.
Woodland.
Rose for poorer soils.
North-facing wall.

Glauca (Rubrifolia) and Villosa Roses are useful for unending supplies of foliage for flower-arranging.
'Rose hips have more than 20 times the amount of vitamin C as oranges.  They also help boost the immune system and relax inflammation. When you harvest rose hips, you have to remove the little hairs (and seeds) inside the hip.  These hairs were the source  of the ”itching powder” advertised in the back of comic books and in gag shops.  The little fibers are  easy to remove in hips that are this large.  Most rosa rugosa — shrub roses — will produce big, meaty hips." from Curious Farm.

Rosa canina 'Dog Rose'
(Dog Rose)

The most common ancient wild rose native to Britain and Europe.

Pale Pink
rosacaninadogroseflot3a1
Once-blooming.

Jun-Aug followed by ornamental hip display, which are used in Rose Hip Syrup

120 x 72 (300 x 180)

Medium, matte, medium green foliage.  5 to 7 leaflets.

Grow into Trees and Hedges.
Grow next to water.
Woodland.
Rose for poorer soils.
North-facing wall.
Shade.
Fragrant.

Canina Roses as the 'Dog Rose' is a beautiful native hedgerow plant. They are best in a woodland or wild garden setting. Useful to grow into trees and into hedges as a food source for the bees and birds.
Tall, arching, armed with thorns / prickles, upright.

Rosa 'Excelsa'
(Rosa 'Red Dorothy Perkins')

Crimson
rosaexcelsacflorogerltd1

Jul-Aug

Flowers repeatedly from midsummer onwards.

180 x 144
(450 x 360)

Foliage exceptionally dark green and glossy with long arching stems which are easily trained.

Rambler Ground-cover.
Grow into Trees.
Grow next to water.
Rose for poorer soils.
North-facing wall.
Shade.
Potted plant.

Multiflora Ramblers were very popular from 1900-1925 and are very floriferous for 4 weeks in early summer. Usually, they are robust, healthy and have few thorns. Ideal and looks fantastic grown as a pillar, over an arch or up a wall. Can be grown in a north facing aspect. Hardy. Good disease resistance.

Rosa 'Gardenia'

Cream, ages to white
rosagardeniaflomidcgarnonswilliams1

May-Oct

240 x 180
(610 x 455)

Glossy, Dark Green.
Requires spring freeze protection.  
Can be grown in the ground or in a container (container requires winter protection).  
Prune after flowering is finished.

Climber,
Grow in Trees,
Grow in Pots, Tolerant of Poor Soil,
Tolerant of Shade,
Grow adjacent to Water.
Fragrant

Bushy upright climber.
Cream, yellow center, ages to white .  Strong, green apple fragrance.  30 petals.  Average diameter 4".  Medium, full (26-40 petals), borne mostly solitary, in small clusters, cupped, quartered bloom form. Spring or summer flush with scattered later bloom.

Rosa 'Marguerite Hilling'

Pink
rosamargueritehillingCflorogerltd1a

May-Jun
with intermittent flowers throughout the remainder of summer and well into autumn

96 x 84
(240 x 210)

Spacing is 80
(200)

Light Green

Climber Rose.
Hedge.
Woodland and covert Planting.
Grow next to water.
Rose for poorer soils.
Thornless.
Fragrant

It is a large, rounded bush covered with bloom. The stems are long, arching and almost thornless, bearing flowers all along their branches. The Swedish Rose Society recommends Marguerite Hilling for northern Sweden.

Rosa 'Nevada'

Single, White
rosanevadacflorogerltd1a

May-Jun

96 x 84
(240 x 210)

Plentiful, Light Green

Climber Rose.
Hedge.
Woodland and covert Planting.
Grow next to water.
Rose for poorer soils.
Fragrant

A superb vigorous, dense but tidy shrub with dark chocolate-brown stems and sparse thorns.

Rosa multi-bracteata 'Cerise Bouquet'

Red
rosacerisebouquetflot1a

Jun-Aug

144 x 144 (360 x 360)

Dense Greyish-Green foliage on long arching branches.

Grow next to Water.
Climber.
Grow into trees. Woodland and Covert Planting.
Speciman.
Rose for Poorer Soils.
Shade

Multibracteata Hybrids are shrubs with fern-like leaves from thick arching stems with numerous spiky thorns. It can be quite spectacular in full flush as a specimen plant.
Remove old canes and dead or diseased wood.  Do not dead head.  Do not prune.  This rose blooms on old wood.

Rosa 'Pauls Himalayan Musk'

Lilac Pink fading to White
rosapaulshimalayanmuskcflorogerltd1

Once-blooming in July

240 x 144 (600 x 360)

Drooping leaves are slightly glossy and darkish green, with hints of copper when young.

Grow next to water.
Climber.
Grow into trees.
Rose for Poorer soils.
North-facing walls.
Shade.
Fragrant

One of the most vigorous ramblers available - plant at the base of a tree and in a few years the crown will be a mass of cascading musk scented flowers.

Rosa 'Sanders White'
(Rosa 'Sanders White Rambler')

White
rosasanderswhiteramblercflorogerltd1a

Jun-Aug

Flowers with great freedom when most of the other ramblers have nearly finished. 

144 x 96
(360 x 240)

Spacing 60
(150)

Glossy foliage and long, flexible, trailing growth.

Rambler.
Ground-cover.
Grow into Trees.
Rose for poorer soils.
North-facing wall.
Shade.
Grow next to water.
Fragrant

Abundant, almost rosette-shaped, pure white blooms in cascading clusters, sometimes singly, with mild fragrance. One of the best white ramblers. Growth pliable with ample, stubby thorns.

Rosa 'The Field Rose'
(Rosa arvensis)

Pure White
rosathefieldroseflot

Jun-Aug followed by hip display

240 x 120 (600 x 300)

Light Green with thin dark stems covered with well-spaced thorns.

Grow next to water.
Ground-cover.
Grow into trees.
Woodland.
Rose for poorer soils.
Shade.
Fragrant.

Roses prefer acidic soil of pH 6.5 (sand) but will tolerate alkaline soils up to pH 7.5 (chalk). Mix 25 litres farmyard manure, or pulverized tree bark with bone meal, in soil before planting. Broadcast rose fertilizer in early Spring.

Rosa filipes 'Kiftsgate'

Creamy-white
rosakiftsgatecflorogerltd1

Jul

360 x 240
(900 x 600)

Spacing 120
(300)

Large, profuse and glossy, green tinted copper when young. Dark green changes to rich russet in the autumn.

Climber Rose.
Ground-cover.
Grow into Trees.
Rose for poorer soils.
North-facing walls.
Shade.
Grow next to water.
Fragrant.

Climbing Floribundas are sports of Floribunda roses. They will perform well in any situation. Fragrant, creamy-white blooms with golden stamens are borne in huge, cascading trusses in mid-summer, followed by thousands of small red hips in the autumn.

Rosa mulliganii

White
rosamulliganiiflot1a

Jun-Aug

followed by ornamental small round Red hips display.

180 x 120
(450 x 300)

Almost evergreen, profuse, long, leathery, serrated, Dark Green, (reddish-pink juvenile foliage). Strong stems achieve great heights in trees supporting them.

Climber Rose.
Ground-cover.
Grow into Trees.
Rose for poorer soils.
North-facing wall.
Shade.
Grow next to water.
Fragrant.

Rosa mulliganii is a massive rambler and one of the biggest of all climbing roses in this country with broad, sharp, hooked thorns.

Rosa moyesii

Dark Crimson
rosamoyesiiflot1a

Jun-Aug

followed by large crop of orange-red, flagon-shaped hips

120 x 72
(300 x 180)

Dark Green. As a shrub, it is vigorous and solid, but if allowed to grow too long without pruning, it loses its foliage at the base.

Woodland and covert planting.
Flower-arranging using its hips.
Rose for poorer soils.
Shade.
Grow next to water.

Rosa moyesii species is one of the best and most garden-worthy to have come from the wilds of China. It can also be used as a wall rose

Rosa 'Wedding Day' Climbing

White
rosaweddingdaycflorogerltd1a

Jun-Aug

360 x 180
(900 x 450)

Bright green and glossy. Outstanding rose with clear green relatively thornless stems. Growth is rampant, capable of considerable climbing feats when festooning trees, seeming not to mind the shade.

Climber Rose.
Woodland and covert Planting.
Grow into Trees.
Grow next to water.
Rose for poorer soils.
North-facing wall.
Shade.
Grow next to water.
 

Climbing Floribundas are sports of Floribunda roses. They have a profusion of exceptionally fragrant flowers on vigorous climbing plants and will perform well in any situation.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677

 

Site design and content copyright ©July 2017. Plant Use and Flower Shape pages added July 2017. Amending Table Layout and adding Plant data, December 2022. Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the breakage of the link to the Safety Regulations for man walking with Red Flag before Automobile.  

If you are looking for specialist nurseries or garden centres in the UK our plant finder comes complete with an easy to use A-Z list of garden plants that makes finding plants for sale online easy. To help with plant identification we include many photographs and individual plant descriptions.

Once you have found the plant you are looking for we provide easy access to growers and nurseries who have these species for sale, many with mail order or 'online' buying facilities

whattypeoffish

Topic
Plants detailed in this website by
Botanical Name

A, B, C, D, E, F, G,
H, I, J, K, L, M, N,
O, P, Q, R, S, T, U,
V, W, X, Y, Z ,
Bulb
A1
, 2, 3, B, C1, 2,
D, E, F, G, Glad,
H, I, J, K, L1, 2,
M, N, O, P, Q, R,
S, T, U, V, W, XYZ ,
Evergreen Perennial
A
, B, C, D, E, F, G,
H, I, J, K, L, M, N,
O, P, Q, R, S, T, U,
V, W, X, Y, Z ,
Herbaceous Perennial
A1
, 2, B, C, D, E, F,
G, H, I, J, K, L, M,
N, O, P1, 2, Q, R,
S, T, U, V, W, XYZ,
Diascia Photo Album,
UK Peony Index

Wildflower
Botanical Names,
Common Names ,

will be
compared in:- Flower colour/month
Evergreen Perennial
,
F
lower shape Wildflower Flower Shape and
Plant use
Evergreen Perennial Flower Shape,
Bee plants for hay-fever sufferers

Bee-Pollinated Index
Butterfly
Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis, Butterfly Usage
of Plants.
Chalk
A, B, C, D, E, F, G,
H, I, J, K, L, M, N,
O, P, QR, S, T, UV,
WXYZ
Companion Planting
A, B, C, D, E, F, G,
H, I, J, K, L, M, N,
O, P, Q, R , S, T,
U ,V, W, X, Y, Z,
Pest Control using Plants
Fern Fern
1000 Ground Cover A, B, C, D, E, F, G,
H, I, J, K, L, M, N,
O, P, Q, R, S, T, U,
V, W, XYZ ,
Rock Garden and Alpine Flowers
A, B, C, D, E, F, G,
H, I, J, K, L, M,
NO, PQ, R, S, T,
UVWXYZ

Rose Rose Use

These 5 have Page links in rows below
Bulbs from the Infill Galleries (next row), Camera Photos,
Plant Colour Wheel Uses,
Sense of Fragrance, Wild Flower


Case Studies
...Drive Foundations
Ryegrass and turf kills plants within Roadstone and in Topsoil due to it starving and dehydrating them.
CEDAdrive creates stable drive surface and drains rain into your ground, rather than onto the public road.
8 problems caused by building house on clay or with house-wall attached to clay.
Pre-building work on polluted soil.

Companion Planting
to provide a Companion Plant to aid your selected plant or deter its pests

Garden
Construction

with ground drains

Garden Design
...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed
Borders

......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants
......Camera photos of Plant supports
Garden
Maintenance

Glossary with a tomato teaching cauliflowers
Home
Library of over 1000 books
Offbeat Glossary with DuLally Bird in its flower clock.

Plants
...in Chalk
(Alkaline) Soil
......A-F1, A-F2,
......A-F3, G-L, M-R,
......M-R Roses, S-Z
...in Heavy
Clay Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...in Lime-Free
(Acid) Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...in Light
Sand Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z.
...Poisonous Plants.
...Extra Plant Pages
with its 6 Plant Selection Levels

Soil
...
Interaction between 2 Quartz Sand Grains to make soil
...
How roots of plants are in control in the soil
...
Without replacing Soil Nutrients, the soil will break up to only clay, sand or silt
...
Subsidence caused by water in Clay
...
Use water ring for trees/shrubs for first 2 years.

Tool Shed with 3 kneeling pads
Useful Data with benefits of Seaweed

Topic -
Plant Photo Galleries
If the plant type below has flowers, then the first gallery will include the flower thumbnail in each month of 1 of 6 colour comparison pages of each plant in its subsidiary galleries, as a low-level Plant Selection Process

Aquatic
Bamboo
Bedding
...by Flower Shape

Bulb
...Allium/ Anemone
...Autumn
...Colchicum/ Crocus
...Dahlia
...Gladiolus with its 40 Flower Colours
......European A-E
......European F-M
......European N-Z
......European Non-classified
......American A,
B, C, D, E, F, G,
H, I, J, K, L, M,
N, O, P, Q, R, S,
T, U, V, W, XYZ
......American Non-classified
......Australia - empty
......India
......Lithuania
...Hippeastrum/ Lily
...Late Summer
...Narcissus
...Spring
...Tulip
...Winter
...Each of the above ...Bulb Galleries has its own set of Flower Colour Pages
...Flower Shape
...Bulb Form

...Bulb Use

...Bulb in Soil


Further details on bulbs from the Infill Galleries:-
Hardy Bulbs
...Aconitum
...Allium
...Alstroemeria
...Anemone

...Amaryllis
...Anthericum
...Antholyzas
...Apios
...Arisaema
...Arum
...Asphodeline

...Asphodelus
...Belamcanda
...Bloomeria
...Brodiaea
...Bulbocodium

...Calochorti
...Cyclobothrias
...Camassia
...Colchicum
...Convallaria 
...Forcing Lily of the Valley
...Corydalis
...Crinum
...Crosmia
...Montbretia
...Crocus

...Cyclamen
...Dicentra
...Dierama
...Eranthis
...Eremurus
...Erythrnium
...Eucomis

...Fritillaria
...Funkia
...Galanthus
...Galtonia
...Gladiolus
...Hemerocallis

...Hyacinth
...Hyacinths in Pots
...Scilla
...Puschkinia
...Chionodoxa
...Chionoscilla
...Muscari

...Iris
...Kniphofia
...Lapeyrousia
...Leucojum

...Lilium
...Lilium in Pots
...Malvastrum
...Merendera
...Milla
...Narcissus
...Narcissi in Pots

...Ornithogalum
...Oxalis
...Paeonia
...Ranunculus
...Romulea
...Sanguinaria
...Sternbergia
...Schizostylis
...Tecophilaea
...Trillium

...Tulip
...Zephyranthus

Half-Hardy Bulbs
...Acidanthera
...Albuca
...Alstroemeri
...Andro-stephium
...Bassers
...Boussing-aultias
...Bravoas
...Cypellas
...Dahlias
...Galaxis,
...Geissorhizas
...Hesperanthas

...Gladioli
...Ixias
...Sparaxises
...Babianas
...Morphixias
...Tritonias

...Ixiolirions
...Moraeas
...Ornithogalums
...Oxalises
...Phaedra-nassas
...Pancratiums
...Tigridias
...Zephyranthes
...Cooperias

Uses of Bulbs:-
...for Bedding
...in Windowboxes
...in Border
...naturalized in Grass
...in Bulb Frame
...in Woodland Garden
...in Rock Garden
...in Bowls
...in Alpine House
...Bulbs in Green-house or Stove:-
...Achimenes
...Alocasias
...Amorpho-phalluses
...Arisaemas
...Arums
...Begonias
...Bomareas
...Caladiums

...Clivias
...Colocasias
...Crinums
...Cyclamens
...Cyrtanthuses
...Eucharises
...Urceocharis
...Eurycles

...Freesias
...Gloxinias
...Haemanthus
...Hippeastrums

...Lachenalias
...Nerines
...Lycorises
...Pencratiums
...Hymenocallises
...Richardias
...Sprekelias
...Tuberoses
...Vallotas
...Watsonias
...Zephyranthes

...Plant Bedding in
......Spring

......Summer
...Bulb houseplants flowering during:-
......January
......February
......March
......April
......May
......June
......July
......August
......September
......October
......November
......December
...Bulbs and other types of plant flowering during:-
......Dec-Jan
......Feb-Mar
......Apr-May
......Jun-Aug
......Sep-Oct
......Nov-Dec
...Selection of the smaller and choicer plants for the Smallest of Gardens with plant flowering during the same 6 periods as in the previous selection

Climber in
3 Sector Vertical Plant System
...Clematis
...Climbers
Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
...Shrubs - Decid
Deciduous Tree
...Trees - Decid
Evergreen Perennial
...P-Evergreen A-L
...P-Evergreen M-Z
...Flower Shape
Evergreen Shrub
...Shrubs - Evergreen
...Heather Shrub
...Heather Index
......Andromeda
......Bruckenthalia
......Calluna
......Daboecia
......Erica: Carnea
......Erica: Cinerea
......Erica: Others
Evergreen Tree
...Trees - Evergreen
Fern
Grass
Hedging
Herbaceous
Perennial

...P -Herbaceous
...Peony
...Flower Shape
...RHS Wisley
......Mixed Border
......Other Borders
Herb
Odds and Sods
Rhododendron

Rose
...RHS Wisley A-F
...RHS Wisley G-R
...RHS Wisley S-Z
...Rose Use - page links in row 6. Rose, RHS Wisley and Other Roses rose indices on each Rose Use page
...Other Roses A-F
...Other Roses G-R
...Other Roses S-Z
Pruning Methods
Photo Index
R 1, 2, 3
Peter Beales Roses
RV Roger
Roses

Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
...Apple

...Cherry
...Pear
Vegetable
Wild Flower and
Butterfly page links are in next row

Topic -
UK Butterfly:-
...Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly Usage
of Plants.
...Plant Usage by
Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly.

Both native wildflowers and cultivated plants, with these
...Flower Shape,
...
Uses in USA,
...
Uses in UK and
...
Flo Cols / month are used by Butter-flies native in UK


Wild Flower
with its wildflower flower colour page, space,
data page(s).
...Blue Site Map.
Scented Flower, Foliage, Root.
Story of their Common Names.
Use of Plant with Flowers.
Use for Non-Flowering Plants.
Edible Plant Parts.
Flower Legend.
Flowering plants of
Chalk and
Limestone 1
, 2.
Flowering plants of Acid Soil
1.
...Brown Botanical Names.
Food for
Butterfly/Moth.

...Cream Common Names.
Coastal and Dunes.
Sandy Shores and Dunes.
...Green Broad-leaved Woods.
...Mauve Grassland - Acid, Neutral, Chalk.
...Multi-Cols Heaths and Moors.
...Orange Hedge-rows and Verges.
...Pink A-G Lakes, Canals and Rivers.
...Pink H-Z Marshes, Fens, Bogs.
...Purple Old Buildings and Walls.
...Red Pinewoods.
...White A-D
Saltmarshes.
Shingle Beaches, Rocks and Cliff Tops.
...White E-P Other.
...White Q-Z Number of Petals.
...Yellow A-G
Pollinator.
...Yellow H-Z
Poisonous Parts.
...Shrub/Tree River Banks and other Freshwater Margins. and together with cultivated plants in
Colour Wheel.

You know its
name:-
a-h, i-p, q-z,
Botanical Names, or Common Names,
habitat:-
on
Acid Soil,
on
Calcareous
(Chalk) Soil
,
on
Marine Soil,
on
Neutral Soil,
is a
Fern,
is a
Grass,
is a
Rush,
is a
Sedge, or
is
Poisonous.

Each plant in each WILD FLOWER FAMILY PAGE will have a link to:-
1) its created Plant Description Page in its Common Name column, then external sites:-
2) to purchase the plant or seed in its Botanical Name column,
3) to see photos in its Flowering Months column and
4) to read habitat details in its Habitat Column.
Adder's Tongue
Amaranth
Arrow-Grass
Arum
Balsam
Bamboo
Barberry
Bedstraw
Beech
Bellflower
Bindweed
Birch
Birds-Nest
Birthwort
Bogbean
Bog Myrtle
Borage
Box
Broomrape
Buckthorn
Buddleia
Bur-reed
Buttercup
Butterwort
Cornel (Dogwood)
Crowberry
Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 1
Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2
Cypress
Daffodil
Daisy
Daisy Cudweeds
Daisy Chamomiles
Daisy Thistle
Daisy Catsears Daisy Hawkweeds
Daisy Hawksbeards
Daphne
Diapensia
Dock Bistorts
Dock Sorrels
Clubmoss
Duckweed
Eel-Grass
Elm
Filmy Fern
Horsetail
Polypody
Quillwort
Royal Fern
Figwort - Mulleins
Figwort - Speedwells
Flax
Flowering-Rush
Frog-bit
Fumitory
Gentian
Geranium
Glassworts
Gooseberry
Goosefoot
Grass 1
Grass 2
Grass 3
Grass Soft
Bromes 1

Grass Soft
Bromes 2

Grass Soft
Bromes 3

Hazel
Heath
Hemp
Herb-Paris
Holly
Honeysuckle
Horned-Pondweed
Hornwort
Iris
Ivy
Jacobs Ladder
Lily
Lily Garlic
Lime
Lobelia
Loosestrife
Mallow
Maple
Mares-tail
Marsh Pennywort
Melon (Gourd/Cucumber)
Mesem-bryanthemum
Mignonette
Milkwort
Mistletoe
Moschatel
Naiad
Nettle
Nightshade
Oleaster
Olive
Orchid 1
Orchid 2
Orchid 3
Orchid 4
Parnassus-Grass
Peaflower
Peaflower
Clover 1

Peaflower
Clover 2

Peaflower
Clover 3

Peaflower Vetches/Peas
Peony
Periwinkle
Pillwort
Pine
Pink 1
Pink 2
Pipewort
Pitcher-Plant
Plantain
Pondweed
Poppy
Primrose
Purslane
Rannock Rush
Reedmace
Rockrose
Rose 1
Rose 2
Rose 3
Rose 4
Rush
Rush Woodrushes
Saint Johns Wort
Saltmarsh Grasses
Sandalwood
Saxifrage
Seaheath
Sea Lavender
Sedge Rush-like
Sedges Carex 1
Sedges Carex 2
Sedges Carex 3
Sedges Carex 4
Spindle-Tree
Spurge
Stonecrop
Sundew
Tamarisk
Tassel Pondweed
Teasel
Thyme 1
Thyme 2
Umbellifer 1
Umbellifer 2
Valerian
Verbena
Violet
Water Fern
Waterlily
Water Milfoil
Water Plantain
Water Starwort
Waterwort
Willow
Willow-Herb
Wintergreen
Wood-Sorrel
Yam
Yew


Topic -
The following is a complete hierarchical Plant Selection Process

dependent on the Garden Style chosen
Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form
Index


Topic -
Flower/Foliage Colour Wheel Galleries with number of colours as a high-level Plant Selection Process

All Flowers 53 with
...Use of Plant and
Flower Shape
- page links in bottom row

All Foliage 53
instead of redundant
...(All Foliage 212)


All Flowers
per Month 12


Bee instead of wind pollinated plants for hay-fever sufferers
All Bee-Pollinated Flowers
per Month
12
...Index

Rock Garden and Alpine Flowers
Rock Plant Flowers 53
INDEX
A, B, C, D, E, F,
G, H, I, J, K, L,
M, NO, PQ, R, S,
T, UVWXYZ
...Rock Plant Photos

Flower Colour Wheel without photos, but with links to photos
12 Bloom Colours
per Month Index

...All Plants Index


Topic -
Use of Plant in your Plant Selection Process

Plant Colour Wheel Uses
with
1. Perfect general use soil is composed of 8.3% lime, 16.6% humus, 25% clay and 50% sand, and
2. Why you are continually losing the SOIL STRUCTURE so your soil - will revert to clay, chalk, sand or silt.
Uses of Plant and Flower Shape:-
...Foliage Only
...Other than Green Foliage
...Trees in Lawn
...Trees in Small Gardens
...Wildflower Garden
...Attract Bird
...Attract Butterfly
1
, 2
...Climber on House Wall
...Climber not on House Wall
...Climber in Tree
...Rabbit-Resistant
...Woodland
...Pollution Barrier
...Part Shade
...Full Shade
...Single Flower provides Pollen for Bees
1
, 2, 3
...Ground-Cover
<60
cm
60-180cm
>180cm
...Hedge
...Wind-swept
...Covering Banks
...Patio Pot
...Edging Borders
...Back of Border
...Poisonous
...Adjacent to Water
...Bog Garden
...Tolerant of Poor Soil
...Winter-Flowering
...Fragrant
...Not Fragrant
...Exhibition
...Standard Plant is 'Ball on Stick'
...Upright Branches or Sword-shaped leaves
...Plant to Prevent Entry to Human or Animal
...Coastal Conditions
...Tolerant on North-facing Wall
...Cut Flower
...Potted Veg Outdoors
...Potted Veg Indoors
...Thornless
...Raised Bed Outdoors Veg
...Grow in Alkaline Soil A-F, G-L, M-R,
S-Z
...Grow in Acidic Soil
...Grow in Any Soil
...Grow in Rock Garden
...Grow Bulbs Indoors

Uses of Bedding
...Bedding Out
...Filling In
...Screen-ing
...Pots and Troughs
...Window Boxes
...Hanging Baskets
...Spring Bedding
...Summer Bedding
...Winter Bedding
...Foliage instead of Flower
...Coleus Bedding Photos for use in Public Domain 1

Uses of Bulb
...Other than Only Green Foliage
...Bedding or Mass Planting
...Ground-Cover
...Cut-Flower
...Tolerant of Shade
...In Woodland Areas
...Under-plant
...Tolerant of Poor Soil
...Covering Banks
...In Water
...Beside Stream or Water Garden
...Coastal Conditions
...Edging Borders
...Back of Border or Back-ground Plant
...Fragrant Flowers
...Not Fragrant Flowers
...Indoor
House-plant

...Grow in a Patio Pot
...Grow in an Alpine Trough
...Grow in an Alpine House
...Grow in Rock Garden
...Speciman Plant
...Into Native Plant Garden
...Naturalize in Grass
...Grow in Hanging Basket
...Grow in Window-box
...Grow in Green-house
...Grow in Scree
...Naturalized Plant Area
...Grow in Cottage Garden
...Attracts Butterflies
...Attracts Bees
...Resistant to Wildlife
...Bulb in Soil:-
......Chalk
......Clay
......Sand
......Lime-Free (Acid)
......Peat

Uses of Rose
Rose Index

...Bedding 1, 2
...Climber /Pillar
...Cut-Flower 1, 2
...Exhibition, Speciman
...Ground-Cover
...Grow In A Container 1, 2
...Hedge 1, 2
...Climber in Tree
...Woodland
...Edging Borders
...Tolerant of Poor Soil 1, 2
...Tolerant of Shade
...Back of Border
...Adjacent to Water
...Page for rose use as ARCH ROSE, PERGOLA ROSE, COASTAL CONDITIONS ROSE, WALL ROSE, STANDARD ROSE, COVERING BANKS or THORNLESS ROSES.
...FRAGRANT ROSES
...NOT FRAGRANT ROSES


Topic -
Camera Photo Galleries showing all 4000 x 3000 pixels of each photo on your screen that you can then click and drag it to your desktop as part of a Plant Selection Process:-

RHS Garden at Wisley

Plant Supports -
When supporting plants in a bed, it is found that not only do those plants grow upwards, but also they expand their roots and footpad sideways each year. Pages
1
, 2, 3, 8, 11,
12, 13,
Plants 4, 7, 10,
Bedding Plants 5,
Plant Supports for Unknown Plants 5
,
Clematis Climbers 6,
the RHS does not appear to either follow it's own pruning advice or advice from The Pruning of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers by George E. Brown.
ISBN 0-571-11084-3 with the plants in Pages 1-7 of this folder. You can see from looking at both these resources as to whether the pruning carried out on the remainder of the plants in Pages 7-15 was correct.

Narcissus (Daffodil) 9,
Phlox Plant Supports 14, 15

Coleus Bedding Foliage Trial - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13, 14, 15,
16, 17, 18, 19, 20,
21, 22, 23, 24, 25,
26, 27, 28, 29, 30,
31, 32, Index

National Trust Garden at Sissinghurst Castle
Plant Supports -
Pages for Gallery 1

with Plant Supports
1, 5, 10
Plants
2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9,
11, 12
Recommended Rose Pruning Methods 13
Pages for Gallery 2
with Plant Supports
2
,
Plants 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

Dry Garden of
RHS Garden at
Hyde Hall

Plants - Pages
without Plant Supports
Plants 1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

Nursery of
Peter Beales Roses
Display Garden

Roses Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13

Nursery of
RV Roger

Roses - Pages
A1,A2,A3,A4,A5,
A6,A7,A8,A9,A10,
A11,A12,A13,A14,
B15,
B16,B17,B18,B19,
B20,
B21,B22,B23,B24,
B25,
B26,B27,B28,B29,
B30,
C31,C32,C33,C34,
C35,
C36,C37,C38,C39,
C40,
C41,CD2,D43,D44,
D45,
D46,D47,D48,D49,
E50,
E51,E52,F53,F54,
F55,
F56,F57,G58,G59,
H60,
H61,I62,K63,L64,
M65,
M66,N67,P68,P69,
P70,
R71,R72,S73,S74,
T75,
V76,Z77, 78,

Damage by Plants in Chilham Village - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4

Pavements of Funchal, Madeira
Damage to Trees - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13
for trees 1-54,
14, 15,
16, 17, 18, 19, 20,
21, 22, 23, 24, 25,
for trees 55-95,
26, 27, 28, 29, 30,
31, 32, 33, 34, 35,
36, 37,
for trees 95-133,
38, 39, 40,
41, 42, 43, 44, 45,
for trees 133-166

Chris Garnons-Williams
Work Done - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13

Identity of Plants
Label Problems - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11

Ron and Christine Foord - 1036 photos only inserted so far - Garden Flowers - Start Page of each Gallery
AB1 ,AN14,BA27,
CH40,CR52,DR63,
FR74,GE85,HE96,

Plant with Photo Index of Ivydene Gardens - 1187
A 1, 2, Photos - 43
B 1, Photos - 13
C 1, Photos - 35
D 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7,
Photos - 411
with Plants causing damage to buildings in Chilham Village and Damage to Trees in Pavements of Funchal
E 1, Photos - 21
F 1, Photos - 1
G 1, Photos - 5
H 1, Photos - 21
I 1, Photos - 8
J 1, Photos - 1
K 1, Photos - 1
L 1, Photos - 85
with Label Problems
M 1, Photos - 9
N 1, Photos - 12
O 1, Photos - 5
P 1, Photos - 54
Q 1, Photos -
R 1, 2, 3,
Photos - 229
S 1, Photos - 111
T 1, Photos - 13
U 1, Photos - 5
V 1, Photos - 4
W 1, Photos - 100
with Work Done by Chris Garnons-Williams
X 1 Photos -
Y 1, Photos -
Z 1 Photos -
Articles/Items in Ivydene Gardens - 88
Flower Colour, Num of Petals, Shape and
Plant Use of:-
Rock Garden
within linked page

 

Topic -
Fragrant Plants as a Plant Selection Process for your sense of smell:-

Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an Acid Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
1
, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3
Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves
1
, 2
Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5
Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit
1
, 2, 3
Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2
Night-scented Flowering Plants
1
, 2


Topic -
Website User Guidelines


My Gas Service Engineer found Flow and Return pipes incorrectly positioned on gas boilers and customers had refused to have positioning corrected in 2020.
 

PLANT USE AND FLOWER SHAPE GALLERY PAGES
compares the use and flower shape of plants in this website
- WHICH ARE THOSE PLANTS FROM OTHER GALLERIES
BESIDES THE WILDFLOWER SHAPE GALLERY -
combined with those already compared in
Bedding,
Bulb,
Evergreen Perennial,
Herbaceous Perennial and
Roses
pages as linked to in row
Topic - Use of Plant in your Plant Selection Process
in the TOPIC table - on the extreme left - at the end of this page with this Tip Colour background.

PLANTS FLOWER SHAPE GALLERY PAGES

lessershapemeadowrue2a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

alliumcflohaireasytogrowbulbs1a1a1a1a1a

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14c2a1a1a1a1a1a1

irisflotpseudacorus1a1a1a1a1a1a1

aethionemacfloarmenumfoord1a2a1a1a1a1a

anemonecflo1hybridafoord1a2a1a1a1a1a

anemonecflo1blandafoord1a1a1a1a1a1a

Number of Flower Petals

Petal-less

1

2

3

4

5

Above 5

 

anthericumcfloliliagofoord1a1a1a1a1a1a1

alliumcflo1roseumrvroger1a1a1a1a

geraniumflocineremuballerina1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

paeoniamlokosewitschiiflot1a1a1a1a1a1a1

paeoniaveitchiiwoodwardiiflot1a1a1a1a1a1

acantholinumcflop99glumaceumfoord1a

stachysflotmacrantha1a1a1a1a1a1a

Flower Shape - Simple

Stars with Single Flowers

Bowls

Cups and Saucers

Globes

Goblets and Chalices

Trumpets

Funnels

 

digitalismertonensiscflorvroger1a2a1a1a1a1

fuchsiaflotcalicehoffman1a1a1a1a1a1a

ericacarneacflosspringwoodwhitedeeproot1a1a1a1a1a1a1

phloxflotsubulatatemiskaming1a1a1a1a1a1a

Rose Petal Count from Rose Use Gallery

Single:
1-7 Petals

Semi-Double:
8-15 Petals

Flower Shape - Simple

Bells

Thimbles

Urns

Salver-form

Double:
Page 1
,
Page 2
16-25 Petals

Full:
26-40 Petals

Very Full:
40+ Petals

 

prunellaflotgrandiflora1a1a1a1a1a1

aquilegiacfloformosafoord1a2a1a1a1a

acanthusspinosuscflocoblands1a2a1a1a1a

lathyrusflotvernus1a2a1a1a1a

anemonecflo1coronariastbrigidgeetee1a1a1a1a

echinaceacflo1purpurealustrehybridsgarnonswilliams1a2a1a1a1a

centaureacfloatropurpureakavanagh1a1a1a1a1a

Flower Shape - Elabor-ated

Tubes, Lips and Straps

Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

Hats, Hoods and Helmets

Stan-dards, Wings and Keels

Discs and Florets

Pin-Cushions

Tufts and Petal-less Cluster

 

androsacecforyargongensiskevock1a1a1a1a1

androsacecflorigidakevock1a1a1a1a1

argyranthemumflotcmadeiracrestedyellow1a1b1a1a1

armeriacflomaritimakevock1a1a1a1a1

anemonecflonemerosaalbaplenarvroger1a1a1a1a1

Rose Bloom Shape from Rose Use Gallery

High-Centred,

Cupped,
 

Flower Shape - Elabor-ated

Cushion

Umbel

Buttons with Double Flowers

Pompoms

Stars with Semi-Double Flowers

Flat,

Globular,

Pompon,

Rosette

 

bergeniamorningredcforcoblands1a1a1a1a1a1

ajugacfloreptansatropurpurea1a1a1a1a1a

lamiumflotorvala2a1a1a1a1a1

astilbepurplelancecflokevock1a1a1a1a1a1

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a1433a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a1434a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

androsacecfor1albanakevock1a1a1a1a1a

Natural Arrange-ments

Bunches, Posies and Sprays (Group)

Columns, Spikes and Spires

Whorls, Tiers and Cande-labra

Plumes and Tails

Chains and Tassels

Clouds, Garlands and Cascades

Sphere, Dome (Clusters), Drumstick and Plate

Plant Use

Bedding Out and Bedding Out of Roses

Bedding for Filling In

Bedding for Screening

Bedding for Pots and Troughs

Bedding in Window Boxes

Bedding in Hanging Baskets

Bedding Foliage

Bedding:- Spring

Summer

Winter

Foliage Only

Other than Green Foliage

Trees in Lawn

Trees in Small Gardens
 

Wildflower Garden

Attract Bird
Attract Butterfly
1
, 2

Climber on House Wall

Climber not on House Wall

Climber in Tree

Rabbit-Resistant
 

Woodland

Pollution Barrier

Part Shade

Full Shade

Single Flower provides Pollen for Bees
1
, 2, 3

Ground-Cover
<60c
m
60-180cm
>180cm

Hedge

Wind-swept

Covering Banks

Patio Pot

Edging Borders

Back of Border

Poisonous

Adjacent to Water

Bog Garden
 

Tolerant of Poor Soil

Winter-Flowering
 

Fragrant

Not Fragrant

Exhibition

Standard Plant is 'Ball on Stick'

Upright Branches or Sword-shaped leaves

Plant to Prevent Entry to Human or Animal

Coastal Con-ditions

Tolerant on North-facing Wall

Cut Flower

Potted Veg Outdoors

Potted Veg Indoors

Thornless

Raised Bed Outdoors Veg

Grow in Alkaline Soil A-F, G-L, M-R, S-Z

Grow in Acidic Soil

Grow in Any Soil

Grow in Rock Garden

Grow Bulbs Indoors

Potted Fruit Outdoors

Potted Fruit Indoors

Fruit Outdoors

Plants for Outdoor
Containers Index
A-C
,
D-M,
N-Z

 

 

 

STAGE 2
INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERY 1
PAGES

Site Map

STAGE 1 GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY PAGES Links to pages in Table alongside on the left with Garden Design Topic Pages

Website Structure Explanation and User Guidelines

Plant Type
 

STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3 with its Cultivation Requirements

Aquatic
(Water Plants) for

Anti-erosion River-bank

Marginal Plants (Bog Garden Plants)
1
, 2

Oxy-genating Weeds

Water Lilies

Floating Plants

Water-side Plants
and Plants for Dry Margins next to a Pond
1
, 2

Wildlife Pond Plants

The Daily Telegraph Best Flowers to Grow and Cut by David Joyce (ISBN 0 7112 2366 1) groups plants according to defined characteristics of flower simple shape, elaborated shape, flower details and flower textures. Using that system, this plant gallery has thumbnail pictures in:-

  • Number of Flower Petals
  • Flower Simple Shape, Flower Elaborated Shape and
  • Flower Natural Arrangement Pages

A thumbnail of a plant can be in each of the above 3.
The text menu above links to those pages and the thumbnails in the menu link to the Plant Description Page of that flower.
Explaination of each page is at its bottom.

BEDDING PLANT USE AND FLOWER SHAPE GALLERY PAGES

Flower Colour

Bicolour

Blue

Green

Orange

Other Colours

Pink

Purple

Red

White

White / Bicolour

Yellow

 

 

 

Flower Simple Shape

3 Petals

4 Petals

5 Petals

6 Petals

Stars

Bowls, Cups and Saucers

Globes, Goblets and Chalices

irisflotpseudacorus1a1b

aethionemacfloarmenumfoord1a1a1

anemonecflo1hybridafoord1a1a1

 

anthericumcfloliliagofoord1a1a1b

geraniumflocineremuballerina1a1a1a1a1a1b

paeoniamlokosewitschiiflot1a1a1b

Trumpets and Funnels

Bells, Thimbles and Urns

 

Single Flower provides pollen for bees

 

2 Petals

 

acantholinumcflop99glumaceumfoord1a1

digitalismertonensiscflorvroger1a1a1

 

anagalisflotcskylover1a1a1

 

cupheacflollaveakavanagh1a1a

 

Flower Elabor-ated Shape

Tubes, Lips and Lobes

Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

Hats, Hoods and Helmets

Standards, Wings and Keels

Discs and Florets

Pin-cushions and Tufts

Rosettes, Buttons and Pompons

prunellaflotgrandiflora1a1b

aquilegiacfloformosafoord1a1a1

acanthusspinosuscflocoblands1a1a1

lathyrusflotvernus1a1a1

brachyscomecflorigidulakevock1a1a1

echinaceacflo1purpurealustrehybridsgarnonswilliams1a1a1

argyranthemumflotcmadeiracrestedyellow1a1a1

Bedding Plant Use

Bedding Out

Filling In

Screen-ing

Pots and Troughs

Window Boxes

Hanging Baskets

Spring Bedding

Summer Bedding

Winter Bedding

Foliage Use of Bedding

There are more Bedding Plants in Bedding Pages of Infill Plants Index Gallery like
Bedding for Chalky Soil and
Bedding for Clay Soil

Single Flower provides pollen for bees

 

 

BULB USE AND FLOWER SHAPE GALLERY PAGES
 

BULB FLOWER SHAPE GALLERY PAGES

lessershapemeadowrue2a1a1a1a1a

alliumcflohaireasytogrowbulbs1a1

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14c2a1a1a

irisflotpseudacorus1a1a1a

aethionemacfloarmenumfoord1a2a1

anemonecflo1hybridafoord1a2a1

anemonecflo1blandafoord1a1a1

Number of Flower Petals

Petal-less

1

2

3

4

5

Above 5

 

anthericumcfloliliagofoord1a1a1a1a

alliumcflo1roseumrvroger1a1

geraniumflocineremuballerina1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

paeoniamlokosewitschiiflot1a1a1a1a

paeoniaveitchiiwoodwardiiflot1a1a1a

acantholinumcflop99glumaceumfoord1a1a

stachysflotmacrantha1a1a1a1

Flower Shape - Simple

Stars with Single Flowers

Bowls

Cups and Saucers

Globes

Goblets and Chalices

Trumpets

Funnels

 

digitalismertonensiscflorvroger1a2a1

fuchsiaflotcalicehoffman1a1a1a

ericacarneacflosspringwoodwhitedeeproot1a1a1a1

phloxflotsubulatatemiskaming1a1a1a

 

 

 

Flower Shape - Simple

Bells

Thimbles

Urns

Salverform

 

 

 

 

prunellaflotgrandiflora1a1a1a

aquilegiacfloformosafoord1a2a1

acanthusspinosuscflocoblands1a2a1

lathyrusflotvernus1a2a1

anemonecflo1coronariastbrigidgeetee1a1

echinaceacflo1purpurealustrehybridsgarnonswilliams1a2a1

centaureacfloatropurpureakavanagh1a1a1

Flower Shape - Elabor-ated

Tubes, Lips and Straps

Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

Hats, Hoods and Helmets

Stan-dards, Wings and Keels

Discs and Florets

Pin-Cushions

Tufts and Petal-less Cluster

 

androsacecforyargongensiskevock1a1

androsacecflorigidakevock1a1

argyranthemumflotcmadeiracrestedyellow1a1

armeriacflomaritimakevock1a1

anemonecflonemerosaalbaplenarvroger1a1

 

 

Flower Shape - Elabor-ated

Cushion

Umbel

Buttons with Double Flowers

Pompoms

Stars with Semi-Double Flowers

 

 

 

bergeniamorningredcforcoblands1a1a1a

ajugacfloreptansatropurpurea1a1a1

lamiumflotorvala2a1a1a

astilbepurplelancecflokevock1a1a1a

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a1433a1a1a1a1a

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a1434a1a1a1a1a

androsacecfor1albanakevock1a1a1

Natural Arrange-ments

Bunches, Posies and Sprays (Group)

Columns, Spikes and Spires

Whorls, Tiers and Cande-labra

Plumes and Tails

Chains and Tassels

Clouds, Garlands and Cascades

Sphere, Dome (Clusters), Drumstick and Plate

Bulb Use

Bulbs for Bedding

Plant each Bedding Plant with a Ground, Edging or Dot Plant for
Spring
1
, 2
or
Summer
1
, 2

Bulbs in Window-boxes

Grow in Window-box

Grow in a Patio Pot
1
, 2

Bulbs natural-ised in grass

Natural-ized Plant Area

Indoor Bulbs flowering in December
January
February

Indoor House-plant

Indoor Bulbs for
March
April
May

Indoor
Bulbs for
June
July
August

Indoor Bulbs for Sep-tember
October
November

 

Patio Con-tainers with Biennials for Pots in Green-house / Con-servatory.

Bulbs in Bowls

Hyacin-ths in Pots

Lilium in Pots

Narcissi in Pots

Stemless. Sword-shaped Leaves

Other than Only Green Foliage

Edging Borders

Grow in Hanging Basket

Bedding or Mass Planting

Cut-Flower
1
, 2

 

 

EVERGREEN PERENNIAL FLOWER SHAPE GALLERY PAGES

 

lessershapemeadowrue1a1

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14c1a1a

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14c2a1

ajugacflo1genevensisfoord1

aethionemacfloarmenumfoord2

anemonecflo1hybridafoord1a1

anemonecflo1blandafoord1a2

Number of Flower Petals

Petal-less

1

2

3

4

5

Above 5

 

anthericumcfloliliagofoord1a1

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14k1c1

geraniumflocineremuballerina1a1a

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14k1a1a

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14k1b1a

acantholinumcflop99glumaceumfoord1a1b

stachysflotmacrantha2

Flower Shape - Simple

Stars

Bowls

Cups and Saucers

Globes

Goblets and Chalices

Trumpets

Funnels

 

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14q1a

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14r1a1

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14s1b1

phloxflotsubulatatemiskaming2

 

 

 

Flower Shape - Simple

Bells

Thimbles

Urns

Salverform

 

 

 

 

prunellaflotgrandiflora2

aquilegiacfloformosafoord2

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14u1a1

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14v1a1

brachyscomecflorigidulakevock2

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14x1a1

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14y1a1

Flower Shape - Elabor-ated

Tubes, Lips and Straps

Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

Hats, Hoods and Helmets

Stan-dards, Wings and Keels

Discs and Florets

Pin-Cushions

Tufts

 

androsacecforyargongensiskevock3

androsaceflorigidakevock1

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a1428a1a

armeriaflomaritimakevock1

 

 

 

Flower Shape - Elabor-ated

Cushion

Umbel

Buttons

Pompoms

 

 

 

 

bergeniamorningredcforcoblands2

ajugacfloreptansatropurpurea1a

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a1431a1a

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a1432a1a

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a1433a1a

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a1434a1a

androsacecfor1albanakevock2

Natural Arrange-ments

Bunches, Posies and Sprays

Columns, Spikes and Spires

Whorls, Tiers and Cande-labra

Plumes and Tails

Chains and Tassels

Clouds, Garlands and Cascades

Spheres, Domes and Plates

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


HERBACEOUS PERENNIAL FLOWER SHAPE GALLERY PAGES

 

lessershapemeadowrue2a1a1a

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14c1a2

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14c2b

irisflotpseudacorus1

aethionemacfloarmenumfoord1a

anemonecflo1hybridafoord1

anemonecflo1blandafoord1

Number of Flower Petals

Petal-less

1

2

3

4

5

Above 5

 

anthericumcfloliliagofoord1b

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14k1a2

geraniumflocineremuballerina1a1a1a1a

paeoniamlokosewitschiiflot1a

paeoniaveitchiiwoodwardiiflot1

acantholinumcflop99glumaceumfoord1a1c

stachysflotmacrantha1a

Flower Shape - Simple

Stars

Bowls

Cups and Saucers

Globes

Goblets and Chalices

Trumpets

Funnels

 

digitalismertonensiscflorvroger1

fuchsiaflotcalicehoffman1a

ericacarneacflosspringwoodwhitedeeproot1a1

phloxflotsubulatatemiskaming1a

 

 

 

Flower Shape - Simple

Bells

Thimbles

Urns

Salverform

 

 

 

 

prunellaflotgrandiflora1a

aquilegiacfloformosafoord1a

acanthusspinosuscflocoblands1

lathyrusflotvernus1

brachyscomecflorigidulakevock1a

echinaceacflo1purpurealustrehybridsgarnonswilliams1

centaureacfloatropurpureakavanagh1

Flower Shape - Elabor-ated

Tubes, Lips and Straps

Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

Hats, Hoods and Helmets

Stan-dards, Wings and Keels

Discs and Florets

Pin-Cushions

Tufts

 

androsacecforyargongensiskevock2a

androsacecflorigidakevock2

argyranthemumflotcmadeiracrestedyellow2

armeriacflomaritimakevock2

 

 

 

Flower Shape - Elabor-ated

Cushion

Umbel

Buttons

Pompoms

 

 

 

 

bergeniamorningredcforcoblands1a

ajugacfloreptansatropurpurea2

lamiumflotorvala2a

astilbepurplelancecflokevock1a

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a1433a1a1a

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a1434a1a1a

androsacecfor1albanakevock1a

Natural Arrange-ments

Bunches, Posies and Sprays

Columns, Spikes and Spires

Whorls, Tiers and Cande-labra

Plumes and Tails

Chains and Tassels

Clouds, Garlands and Cascades

Spheres, Domes and Plates

 

 

 

WILDFLOWER PLANT USE AND FLOWER SHAPE GALLERY PAGES

Lists of:-
Edible Plant Parts.
Flower Legend.
Food for
Butterfly/Moth
.

 


INDEX LINK TO WILDFLOWER PLANT DESCRIPTION PAGE
a-h
i-p
q-z

 

BUTTERFLY
Butterfly
Usage of Plants
by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly

Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly usage of
Plant A-C
Plant C-M
Plant N-W
Butterfly usage of Plant

Habitat Lists:-
Approaching the
Coast (Coastal)
.
Broad-leaved
Woods
.
Grassland - Acid, Neutral, Chalk.
Heaths and Moors.
Hedgerows and Verges.
Lakes, Canals and Rivers.
Marshes, Fens,
Bogs
.
Old Buildings and Walls.
Pinewoods.
River Banks and
other Freshwater Margins
.
Saltmarshes.
Sandy Shores and Dunes.
Shingle Beaches, Rocks and
Cliff Tops
.
Other.

Number of Petals List:-
Without Petals. Other plants
without flowers.
1 Petal or
Composite of
many 1 Petal Flowers as Disc
or Ray Floret .
2 Petals.
3 Petals.
4 Petals.
5 Petals.
6 Petals.
Over 6 Petals.

 


FLOWER COLOUR
(o)Blue
(o)Brown
(o)Cream
(o)Green
(o)Mauve
(o)Multi-Coloured
Orange
(o)Pink 1
(o)Pink 2
(o)Purple
(o)Red
(o)White1
(o)White2
(o)White3
(o)Yelow1
(o)Yelow2
(o)Shrub or Small Tree

Lists of:-
Pollinator.
Poisonous Parts.
Scented Flower, Foliage, Root.
Story of their Common Names.
Use

Non-Flowering Plants
Use for Non-Flowering Plants

 

 

HABITAT TABLES
Flowers in
Acid Soil

Flowers in
Chalk Soil

Flowers in
Marine Soil

Flowers in
Neutral Soil

Ferns
Grasses
Rushes
Sedges

 

To locate mail-order nursery for plants from the UK in this gallery try using search in RHS Find a Plant.

To locate plants in the European Union (EU) try using Search Term in Gardens4You and Meilland Richardier in France.

To locate mail-order nursery for plants from America in this gallery try using search in Plant Lust.

To locate plant information in Australia try using Plant Finder in Gardening Australia.

 

The following details come from Cactus Art:-

"A flower is the the complex sexual reproductive structure of Angiosperms, typically consisting of an axis bearing perianth parts, androecium (male) and gynoecium (female).    

Bisexual flower show four distinctive parts arranged in rings inside each other which are technically modified leaves: Sepal, petal, stamen & pistil. This flower is referred to as complete (with all four parts) and perfect (with "male" stamens and "female" pistil). The ovary ripens into a fruit and the ovules inside develop into seeds.

Incomplete flowers are lacking one or more of the four main parts. Imperfect (unisexual) flowers contain a pistil or stamens, but not both. The colourful parts of a flower and its scent attract pollinators and guide them to the nectary, usually at the base of the flower tube.

partsofaflowersmallest1

 

Androecium (male Parts or stamens)
It is made up of the filament and anther, it is the pollen producing part of the plant.
Anther This is the part of the stamen that produces and contains pollen. 
Filament This is the fine hair-like stalk that the anther sits on top of.
Pollen This is the dust-like male reproductive cell of flowering plants.

Gynoecium (female Parts or carpels or pistil)
 It is made up of the stigma, style, and ovary. Each pistil is constructed of one to many rolled leaflike structures.
Stigma
This is the part of the pistil  which receives the pollen grains and on which they germinate. 
Style
This is the long stalk that the stigma sits on top of ovary. 
Ovary
The part of the plant that contains the ovules. 
Ovule
The part of the ovary that becomes the seeds. 

Petal 
The colorful, often bright part of the flower (corolla). 
Sepal 
The parts that look like little green leaves that cover the outside of a flower bud (calix). 
(Undifferentiated "Perianth segment" that are not clearly differentiated into sepals and petals, take the names of tepals.)"

 

 

 

The following details come from Nectary Genomics:-

"NECTAR. Many flowering plants attract potential pollinators by offering a reward of floral nectar. The primary solutes found in most nectars are varying ratios of sucrose, glucose and fructose, which can range from as little a 8% (w/w) in some species to as high as 80% in others. This abundance of simple sugars has resulted in the general perception that nectar consists of little more than sugar-water; however, numerous studies indicate that it is actually a complex mixture of components. Additional compounds found in a variety of nectars include other sugars, all 20 standard amino acids, phenolics, alkaloids, flavonoids, terpenes, vitamins, organic acids, oils, free fatty acids, metal ions and proteins.

NECTARIES. An organ known as the floral nectary is responsible for producing the complex mixture of compounds found in nectar. Nectaries can occur in different areas of flowers, and often take on diverse forms in different species, even to the point of being used for taxonomic purposes. Nectaries undergo remarkable morphological and metabolic changes during the course of floral development. For example, it is known that pre-secretory nectaries in a number of species accumulate large amounts of starch, which is followed by a rapid degradation of amyloplast granules just prior to anthesis and nectar secretion. These sugars presumably serve as a source of nectar carbohydrate.

WHY STUDY NECTAR? Nearly one-third of all worldwide crops are dependent on animals to achieve efficient pollination. In addition, U.S. pollinator-dependent crops have been estimated to have an annual value of up to $15 billion. Many crop species are largely self-incompatible (not self-fertile) and almost entirely on animal pollinators to achieve full fecundity; poor pollinator visitation has been reported to reduce yields of certain species by up to 50%."

 

The following details about DOUBLE FLOWERS comes from Wikipedia:-

"Double-flowered" describes varieties of flowers with extra petals, often containing flowers within flowers. The double-flowered trait is often noted alongside the scientific name with the abbreviation fl. pl. (flore pleno, a Latin ablative form meaning "with full flower"). The first abnormality to be documented in flowers, double flowers are popular varieties of many commercial flower types, including roses, camellias and carnations. In some double-flowered varieties all of the reproductive organs are converted to petals — as a result, they are sexually sterile and must be propagated through cuttings. Many double-flowered plants have little wildlife value as access to the nectaries is typically blocked by the mutation.

 

There is further photographic, diagramatic and text about Double Flowers from an education department - dept.ca.uky.edu - in the University of Kentucky in America.

 

"Meet the plant hunter obsessed with double-flowering blooms" - an article from The Telegraph.

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