Ivydene Gardens Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery:
Rock Garden Plant Index: B

Botanical Plant Name



Height and Spread in Inches


Position and Pro-tection

Flower Colour / Nearest Colour Wheel - Flowers Colour

Months of Flowering




"One species of evergreen shrublet from Japan to Kamtchatca. It forms a dense mat clad with mid-green, sometimes bronzed, linear leaves and starry flowers with four petal lobes borne in short racemes. In cultivation, however, the flowers are rarely produced.

Can be used effectively to trail over the edge of a trough or sink garden in a sunny position where the redected warmth from the stone may induce flower bud formation. A well-drained, peaty compost which never becomes totally arid is essential. Propagation by cuttings in late summer or seed in spring." from Encyclopedia of Alpine Garden Society.

gmelinii (musciformis)



1 x 8



























The following information comes from "The Culture of Bulbs, Bulbous Plants and Tubers Made Plain" by Sir J. L. Cotter; published by Hutchinson & Co in 1925:-

I think a bulb may be most clearly defined as an underground stem, surrounded at its base by fleshy scales which are rolled into each other in the case of bulbs such as those of the Tulip and Daffodil, and are overlapping as in the case of the Lily.
I think as a speciman of a really perfect bulb, we can find no better example than an Onion.
The scales of the bulb are there for a two-fold purpose:-

  • They are firstly really a modified form of leaves, whose duty is to hold food in reserve for the embryo stem and flowers.
  • Secondly, they are the covering which Nature has provided for these young growths during the period of rest.

When everything is favourable to the culture of bulbs more food is stored up than is required for the sustenance of the embryo growths; then young bulblets or off-shoots are formed on the side of the bulb, and this is the manner in which many varieties are increased, or in some cases by which the stock is maintained. It must not be thought, however, that all bulbs grow in this manner. Some last for several seasons, suich as the Daffodil and Hyacinth; while others appear to be completely absorbed by the stem in the act of flowering. The most common example of this disappearance is found in the case of the Tulip. It is curious how many people, even among experienced gardeners, are unaware of this habit of Tulips. Often I have heard the remark: "My Tulip bulbs do not seem to increase in size," the speaker being quite unaware that he was dealing with a completely new bulb.



In appearance a corm is very like a bulb to the casual observer, and indeed the 2 terms are very loosely intermixed. How often, when at a bulb merchant's, do we hear a customer enquiring for Gladiolus "bulbs".
Cut a bulb and corm in two, and the difference will be at once apparent;

  • instead of the scales of the former with a fairly large disc in the centre,
  • we find a solid substance with just a few slight ridges showing, these ridges being the remains of thin scales that the corm developed in its early days.

By the way, I might mention at this point that if corms are carefully cut through the centre from top to bottom, and the freshly-cut sides protected by some substance such as lime, in 9 cases out of 10 each half will grow.
The habit of growth of a corm is quite unlike that of bulbs with the exception of the Tulip, the whole contents going to supply the stem and flower spike, and a fresh corm being formed on the base of that which has been used up. This can be most clearly seen in the case of the Gladiolus and the Montbretia. On being lifted, the corm attached to the stem will be found to be a shrivelled and useless husk, with a plump newly-formed corm attached to the lower side. Sometimes there are 2 and even 3 fresh growths.




I think may be best described as an enlarged underground stem, its function being precisely the same as in the case of a bulb or corm - the storing of supplies for the future stem and flower.

Tubers vary immensely in both appearance and habits, some being of one season's duration only; (I think probably the best known example of this sort of tuber is Tropaelum Tubersosum), or, of a perennial nature, such as those of the Anemone, Tuberous Rooted Begonia, etc.

In the case of those tubers having the habit of the Tropaelum, the whole reserve of food is given up to the new growth, the old tuber, its function having been fulfilled, dying. Another striking example of this class of tuber is the potato, well-known to everybody. Those tubers which have a perennial habit have the power of giving forth sufficient sustenance to maintain the stems and flowers, at the same time retaining sufficient nourishment to considerably increase in size themselves. This, I think, is particularly noticeable in the case of Tuberous Rooted Begonia and Gloxinias. I have frequently found tubers of these plants to increase to double and treble their original size in a single season, and yet give a prolific mass of bloom.

I may mention here that tubers can be increased by cutting in the same manner as potatoes, care being exercised to see that each part has at least one living "eye". I invariably practised this method of propagation when dealing with choice Begonia or Gloxinia tubers, many thousands of which I raised each year from seed.



The care of the leaves of all bulbous plants is of the greatest importance if any success is to be expected. The leaves of plants eat the carbon and oxygen in the atmosphere in the form of carbon-dioxide. Under the influence of sunlight the oxygen is given off again, while the carbon is retained for the production of starch and other materials necessary to plant life. These materials undergo a special preparation by the aid of chlorophyll in the leaves, and are conducted down in due course to the bulb, corm or tuber, as the case may be, to form the reservoirs for the next season's growth. Chlorophyll is a chemical which is rsponsible for the general health of all plants, and among other things for the green colour of the leaves. Its absence in sufficient quantities produces a general debility of the plant, with a consequent paling of the foliage, one might almost describe it as anaemia. The correct botanical name of the complaint is chlorosis, and is sometimes artificially produced to obtain a bizarre effect,as in the case of the variegated Aspidistra.

It will be seen from what I have said that the maintenance in good health of the leaves of bulbous plants is of the utmost importance. On no account should they be removed until they have turned yellow, when it will be known that their work is finished. For this reason bulbs should only be naturalised in grass, where it can be left unmown until July without causing annoyance. Time after time, I have had the complaint made to me that bulbs naturalised in clumps or ribbons along the edges of drives were gradually ceasing to flower, and in every case found that the grass had been mown as soon as the flowers had begun to fade.

It may here be mentioned that leaves can only become green through the action of daylight, and although the majority of bulbous plants are intolerant of full sunlight, it should not be excluded altogether.

Partial shade I have always found to give the most suitable results."

Beggars can't be choosers:-

Recorded in John Heywood's Dialogue of Proverbs of 1546, this phrase means that when you can't have exactly what you want, you should be satisfied with whatever you are given.


I wanted a dog blanket, but this arrangement is warmer!!

(from National Geographic's best photos for 2010!)


Rock Plant Colour Wheel - Flowers Link Map

Click on Number in Colour Wheel or Black sections below:-



Some abbreviations have been used in compiling the list of Rock Plants for small gardens in order to make it possible to provide all the required information at a glance in a condensed form.


First is the name of the genus to which the plant belongs which is given in capitals. Under the generic name the names of the species and varieties are recorded.

Link to photos, cultivation details or mail-order business that sells it.

Link in *** to Rock Garden Colour Wheel Page with photo of the plant at bottom of page. Then, More Photos Page links to further photos / description in its Rock Plant Photos Gallery Page.


Details of which container to grow the plant in:-


Abbreviated to:-

  • B for Bulb
  • H for Herb - any non-woody plant that is not a tree or shrub
  • HP for Herbaceous Perennial
  • S for Shrub
  • SS for Sub-shrub

followed by

  • E for Evergreen
  • D for Deciduous

Height and Spread

The approximate height is given first in inches, followed by the approximate spread, when mature. 1 inch (") = 25.4 millimetres (mm)


The figures A, B, C and D denote that the plant in question requires one of the following soil mixtures:-

  • A. Equal parts of loam, leafmould and sand. This is a suitable mixture for plants which require a light, open, porous soil with good drainage. A good mixture for troughs in a sheltered position in part shade. All bulbs and conifers do well in this medium.
  • B. Equal parts of loam, leafmould, peat and sand. This is more retentive of water but is well-drained and will grow all the plants in this Rock Plant List which are suitable for full sun, and it is ideal for woodland plants in part shade.
  • C. Four parts leafmould and one part each of loam and sand. A soil for growing dwarf rhododendrons and other ericaceous plants in the raised bed type of trough and peat beds.
  • D. Three parts Cornish silver sand and one part flaked leafmould. For all difficult and rare high alpines, including most of the cushion type. The trough containing this mixture is best situated in part shade.

which may be followed by

  • N for when a neutral pH medium is required.
  • L for when a limey pH medum is required.

Where no additional letter is given, the plant will thrive under either condition.

Position and Protection

The following terms and abbreviations used singly or in combination will minimize the risk of planting in an unsuitable spot:-

  • C --- This means that the plant will do well planted on its side in a crevice built up on the rocks for preference.
  • P --- This plant requires a pane of glass suspended over it in winter, generally from October to the end of March.
  • PS -- A part-shady spot or facing west with protection from the south by a shadow cast by either a rock or shrub.
  • SA -- Shady position either facing north or protected by a rock.
  • Sun - This means that the plant will require a normal amount of direct sunlight.
  • W --- The plant will do well planted in a vertical position in the side of a trough or scree frame.

Flower Colour, Nearest Colour Wheel - Flowers Colour and Months of Flowering

These 3 columns are self-explanatory;
for example, Orange June, means that

  • the flowers are orange (if the plant has a Plant Description Page in this website then the link from here will be to that Plant Description Page otherwise to a Plant Description found on the Internet),
  • orange3 in the Colour Wheel - Flowers is the nearest colour for the majority of the flower petal (either from a flower image in this website or an image found on the Internet), with link to the Colour Wheel - Flowers Colour and
  • the flowering month is June with link to the flower photo on the Internet.

A double entry such as
Orange August
Red October
means that the plant has orange flowers in August and red fruits or berries in October.


A general idea to the best method of increasing the stock:-

  • C ---- Half-ripened wood at the end of July.
  • D ----- Division.
  • GC ---- Green Cuttings in late spring.
  • L ------ Layering.
  • Leaf C - The plant is best propagated by leaf cuttings.
  • RC ----- Fully ripened wood at the end of September.
  • Root C - The plant is best propagated by cutting the thick root thongs at the end of September.
  • S ------- The best method is by seed.

may be followed by

  • H - Where this letter is placed after any of the above abbreviations, it means that bottom heat is essential to obtain a fair percentage of strikes.
    The omission of this letter does not mean that bottom heat cannot be employed; in fact, its use will certainly save an appreciable amount of time taken to increase the stock.

A combination of the above will denote that the plant can be increased by all the methods which those abbreviated letters stand for.

Propagation Seed Composts

"I am giving 3 types of composts which will be numbered 1, 2 and 3 so that they will not be confused with the potting mixtures. The number of the compost will be noted under the heading of propagation in the list of plants. These are not offered as the only types in which seedlings may be grown, but they have proved their worth over many years. As it will only be on rare occasions that a bushel of compost of any one of the seed mixtures will be required, I will give the size of the box which can be constructed easily to hold a quarter of a bushel, an amount more in keeping with the average amateur's need. The inside measurements of the box, which is best made of wood are 10 by 10 x 5.5 inches deep (25 by 25 x 13.25 cms). By doubling the depth a half bushel measure is available.

Compost 1
A mixture that has been found suitable for all the ordinary and easy types of alpine seed is the John Innes seed compost.
It can of course be mixed at home as required. Only the amount needed at the time should be made for its lasting qualities are strictly limited. All the following ingredients are mixed by bulk, not weight, and are best used dry after mixing, storing the compost for a day or 2 before use.

  • Take 2 parts of medium-heavy sterilised loam from a reliable source, full of rotted grass roots. The soil should be rubbed down between the hands into a light granular texture. All fibrous material must be retained and if large; cut into small pieces with scissors and mixed into the loam. On no account should the loam be sieved. This will spoil the texture of the finished compost and cause it to pack readily, a state of affairs to be avoided, for it is essential that the soil be open and granular in texture.
  • Add 1 part of sieved peat,
  • 1 part of Cornish sand

and well mix the whole together dry. Afterwards to this is added

  • 1.5 ounces of superphosphate of lime and
  • 0.75 ounces of chalk

to each bushel of compost. If this mixture is to be used for plants which are lime haters, the chalk should be omitted.


Compost 2
The more difficult and rare plants need a light, open soil in which to germinate and the following has been tried and found suitable. Equal parts by bulk of medium heavy fibrous loam and leaf-mould. Both the loam and leaf-mould should be sterilised and then rubbed down to a fine granular texture. The particles are better if small, but should not be sieved. To this is added 2 parts of Cornish sand, after sieving through a 1/16 inch sieve (2 mm) as the larger particles are not needed.


Compost 3
Shade-loving dwarf rhododendrons and other ericaceous and woodland plants like a more spongy yet still open medium. This consists of equal parts leaf-mould, peat and Cornish sand. The leaf-mould must be sterilised and rubbed down fine, the peat and sand should be sieved though a 1/16 inch (2 mm) sieve, and the wole well mixed together.


Both composts 2 and 3 need a very fine sprinkling of superphosphate of lime, just under 0.5 ounce for a quarter of a bushel of mixture or to be more precise 3/8 of an ounce. The superphosphate is needed by the seedlings in their early growth. In fact it is essential as a plant food as soon as the seed starts to germinate, so it must be mixed with the composts, not applied afterwards. " from Collector's Alpines by Royton E. Heath published in 1964 by Collingridge Limited.



Site design and content copyright ©October 2010. Page structure amended November 2012. Rock Plant Photos Gallery added August 2013. Topic Menu amended July 2015. Chris Garnons-Williams.

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Vancouver Island Rock and Alpine Garden Society is a club of plant lovers living near Victoria, British Columbia, Canada, who visit, study, photograph, draw and grow alpine plants, bog dwellers and woodlanders, whether native or exotic. We encourage the propagation and distribution of plants.


List of Desirable Plants (from Vancouver Island Rock
and Alpine Garden Society)

Asterisks following entries in the list denote plants known to the author from local gardens. Double asterisks indicate species which have done particularly well in the author's rock garden which is located mostly on south-facing slopes. No, or only short-term experience is available for the unmarked species, but they are expected to perform well and should be tried wherever obtainable.

Acantholimon, various spp. - still being tested; more information wanted*
• Achillea ageratifolia [= Anthemis aizoon] (Greece)**
Achillea chrysocoma (Balkans, Asia Minor)**
• Achillea umbellata (Greece)
Aethionema, all spp. (SE Europe, Asia Minor)**
• Allium flavum, A. moly, A. neapolitanum (S Europe)*
• Allium insubricum (Lago di Garda, L.d.Como, Italy)
• Allium moschatum (Mediterr.) white
• Allium narcissiflorum (SE Europe)
• Allium ostrovskianum (Central Asia)*
• Allium triquetrum (E Mediterranean), and many others
• Alyssum argenteum (SE Europe)
• Alyssum armenum (Turkey)
• Alyssum atlanticum (W Mediterranean, Morocco)
• Alyssum cuneifolium (Mediterr.) - very low cushions
• Alyssum doerfleri (Balkans)
• Alyssum lycaonicum (Turkey)
Alyssum montanum (Mediterranean, Eurasia)*
• Alyssum olympicum (Greece)
Alyssum saxatile (Europe and Balkans)*
• Alyssum serpyllifolium (W Mediterranean)
• Anacyclus depressus (N Africa)*
• Anagallis linifolia (S Europe to N Africa)**
• Androsace armeniaca var macrantha (Turkey) - monocarpic*
Androsace villosa (Asia Minor) sun-loving, lime
• Andryala aghardii (S.Spain) silvery-leaved subshrub*
• Anemone appennina (S Europe)
Anemone blanda, A. coronaria, A. fulgens, A. hortensis,
A. pavonina (all in Greece, Asia M)*
• Anthemis biebersteiniana (Asia Minor)
• Anthemis cretica and subspecies (Asia M.)*
• Aphyllanthes monspeliensis (S France)*
• Aquilegia discolor (Spain)**
• Arabis caucasica (SE Europe to Iran)*
• Arabis procurrens (SE Europe)*
Arenaria balearica (Sardinia, Corsica, Balearic Islands)*
• Arenaria montana and form 'Grandiflora` (S Alps, Pyrenees)*
• Arenaria purpurascens (Spain)*
Arenaria tetraquetra (Italy, Spain) sun-loving
Armeria caespitosa (Pyrenees)**
• Asarina procumbens (Spain)*
• Asperula boissierii (Greece) - v. short, cushion-forming, pink-fl.
• Asperula gussonii (Sicilian mtns.) less compact than boissierii
Asperula lilaciflora (Mediterranean)
• Asperula nitida (Greece, Turkey)*
• Asperula sintenisii (Turkey) glaucous
• Asperula suberosa (Greece, Bulgaria) white hairy - no winter wetness
• Asphodeline lutea, A. liburnica (Mediterr.)*
• Asphodeline taurica (Taurus M.) - inflorescence w. silvery bracts
• Asteriscus maritimus (Mediterr.) - subshrubby, tender*
• Astragalus angustifolius (Balkans, Asia Minor)
• Astragalus sempervirens (Pyrenees, S Alps, Balkans)
• Aubrieta, all spp. and cultivars (E Mediterranean)**
• Buxus sempervirens (Mediterranean, S Europe, W Asia),
only the dwarf form 'Suffruticosa`
• Campanula andrewsii (Peloponnese)
• Campanula arvatica (N. Spain) - only 5 cm
• Campanula elatines (NW Italy) hot cliffs
• Campanula fragilis (S. Italy) - like turbinata; coastal limestone rocks
• Campanula garganica (SE Italy, Greece)*
• Campanula isophylla (N. Italy)*
• Campanula oreades (E Greece) among rocks, crevices*
• Campanula portenschlagiana (Dalmatia).**
• Campanula poscharskyana (W Yugoslavia) stony places*
• Campanula rupicola (Greece, Mt.Parnassus) limestone cliffs
• Campanula saxatilis (Aegean Islands) limestone crevices*
• Catananche caespitosa (Atlas)
• Cerastium tomentosum (Italy) - may be invasive*
• Chionodoxa gigantea, C. luciliae (Asia Minor)*
• Chrysanthemum hosmariense (Atlas Mts.)**
• Chrysanthemum pallidum ssp. spathulifolium (SE Spain)
• Chrysanthemum radicans (SE Spain) soft yellow
• Chrysanthemum tomentosum (Corsica)
• Cistus: With age, some of the species are too expansive
for small rock gardens
• Cistus albanicus (Albania) white, low
• Cistus clusii (S Spain, S Italy) white, low
• Cistus ladaniferus [frost hardiness marginal] (W Mediterr.)*
• Cistus salviaefolius (Mediterranean)*
• Colchicum, all spp., except C. autumnale (Europe, Mediterranean,
to Central Asia)*
• Convolvulus boissieri (Spain to Greece) - lime
• Convolvulus cneorum (W Mediterr.) - small shrub**
• Convolvulus compactus (Turkey)
• Crepis incana (Greece)
• Crocus, the vast majority of all spp., except C. vernus and
some of its hybrids. (S Europe,
• Mediterranean, to C Asia)*
• Cyclamen, all hardy spp., except Cyclamen purpurascens
(Mediterranean to W Asia)*
• Cytisus ardoinii (SW Alps)
• Cytisus decumbens (S Europe)*
• Cytisus demissus (Greece)*
• Cytisus pulchellus (Albania)
• Daphne blagayana (SE Europe) creamy white, limestone
• Daphne collina (S Italy)
• Daphne jasminea (Greece, N Africa) evergreen,
wh.-fld., purplish buds, borderline
• Daphne oleoides (S Europe and Asia Minor)
• Daphne sericea (Crete) - similar to collina**
• Dianthus, the following and others, except
those from high elevations in Alps.
• Dianthus brevicaulis (Turkey) - lime*
• Dianthus deltoides (Europe, Asia)**
• Dianthus erinaceus (Asia Minor)
• Dianthus gratianopolitanus (Europe)**
• Dianthus haematocalyx and
ssp. pindicola (Yugoslavia to Greece)**
• Dianthus microlepis (Bulgaria) no lime
• Dianthus monspessulanus (S Europe)*
• Dianthus spiculifolius (Balkans, Carpathians)**
• Dictamnus albus (N Mediterr.) limestone
• Doronicum columnae (Alps to Asia Minor)*
• Draba acaulis (Turkey, Ala Dag)
• Draba bruniifolia (Asia Minor)**
• Draba dedeana (Spain) white-fl.*
• Draba elegans (Cilician Taurus)
• Draba hispanica (E and S Spain)
• Draba rigida (Armenia)*
• Draba rosularis (Turkey)*
• Echinospartium horridum (Spain, Portugal)
• Edraianthus dalmaticus (Dalmatia)*
• Edrainathus graminifolius (Italy and Greece)**
• Edraianthus dinaricus, E. pumilio**, E. serpyllifolius (Dalmatia)
• Epimedium perralderianum (Algeria) yellow*
• Eranthis cilicica (Asia Minor)*
• Eranthis hiemalis (S Europe)*
• Erinacea anthyllis (Spain and N Africa)*
• Erodium absinthoides (Asia Minor)
• Erodium cazorlanum (Spain)
• Erodium chamaedrioides (Majorca)
• Erodium corsicum (Corsica)*
• Erodium supracanum (Pyrenees) grey finely divided foliage
• Erysimum sp., known mistakenly
as E."kotschyanum" in local gardens - low**
• Erysimum wilczeckianum (N Africa) - low, large pale yellow flowers*
• Euphorbia capitulata (Greece) - lime*
• Euphorbia myrsinites (Mediterranean)**
• Fritillaria, virtually all old-world spp., except F. meleagris*
• Galanthus, all spp., except G. nivalis
(SE Europe to W Asia); G. elwesii most suitable.*
• Genista dalmatica (Balkans) low
• Genista lydia (Balkans, Asia Minor)*
• Genista hispanica (SW Europe) spiny, lower than radiata
• Gentiana: Most spp. demand summer moisture
• Gentiana dinarica, some acaulis-group hybrids
after the roots have reached depth*
• Gentiana olivieri (Turkey to Central Asia) summer-dormant
• Gentiana septemfida (Asia Minor) when well established*
• Geranium cazorlense (Spain) very low
• Geranium cinereum and forms (Spain to Caucasus)*
• Geranium dalmaticum (Dalmatia)**
• Geranium incanum (S Africa)
• Globularia cordifolia (Europe and N Mediterranean)**
• Globularia nudicaulis (Alps to Yugoslavia)*
• Gypsophila repens (Alps and N Mediterranean Mts.)*
• Gypsophila petraea (Carpathians)*
• Haberlea rhodopensis (Balkans) - some shade**
• Halimiocistus ingwersonii - generic hybrid - (Portugal)*
• Halimium lasianthum (Portugal, Spain)*
• Helianthemum appenninum (N Mediterranean to Asia Minor)*
• Helianthemum lunulatum (S Europe)*
• Helianthemum nummularium and
ssp. grandiflorum (Europe, Asia M.)
• Helichrysum frigidum (Corsica)
• Hypericum athoum (Greece)*
• Hypericum balearicum (Balearic Islands) - 50 cm shrub**
• Hypericum empetrifolium (Greece)**
• Hypericum olympicum, H. polyphyllum (Asia Minor)**
• Hypericum repens (Asia Minor)
• Iberis gibraltarica (Spain)
• Iberis saxatilis (S Europe)**
• Iberis sempervirens (S Europe to Asia Minor)**
• Iberis tauricum (Turkey)*
• Iris attica (Yugoslavia to Turkey)
• Iris lutescens [=chamaeiris] (W Spain and Portugal)**
• Iris melitta [=suaveolens] (Bulgaria to Turkey)**
• Iris pumila (Austria and E)**
• Iris reichenbachii (Balkans)
• Iris reticulata -section, most spp.*
• Leucojum autumnale (Portugal, N Africa)
• Leucojum roseum (Corsica, Sardinia)
• Leucojum trichophyllum (Spain, Portugal, N Africa)
• Lilium candidum (S Mediterranean) lime
• Lilium chalcedonicum ? (Greece)
• Lilium croceum (S Alps)
• Lilium pomponium (N Mediterranean)
• Linaria pallida (Italy)
• Linum campanulatum (Spain, Italy) yellow
• Linum capitatum (E Mediterr., S Europe) y.,
woody base, better than compactum*
• Linum "Gemmel's Hybrid", mound-forming
• Linum leucanthum (Greece) white; very short cushion
• Linum punctatum (C and E Mediterr) mat-forming, blue
• Linum suffruticosum (W Meditterr.) pale pink;
'Salsoloides` and 'Prostratum`
• Linum tauricum (Greece +?) yellow, v.delicate,
narrow lvs and branches, short
• Lithodora diffusa (S Europe)*
• Matricaria oreades (Asia Minor)
• Moltkia petraea (Greece)
• Moltkia suffruticosa (N Italy)
• Morina persica (Greece to Iran)
• Morisia monantha (Corsica, Sardinia)*
• Muscari, all spp. (S Europe, Mediterranean, Asia Minor)*
• Narcissus, all dwarf spp. (Portugal to N Africa)
and most others, except some derived from N.
• pseudonarcissus, N. cyclamineus, and N. jonquilla*
• Onosma albo-roseum (Turkey, Iraq, Syria)*
• Onosma frutescens (Greece)
• Onosma nanum (Turkey)
• Onosma polyphyllum (Crimea)
• Onosma stellulatum (W Yugoslavia)
• Onosma tauricum (SE Europe to Turkey)*
• Origanum amanum (Anatolia)
• Origanum dictamnus (E Mediterr.)
• Origanum scabrum v. pulchrum (S Greece)
• Ornithogalum nutans (SE Europe)**
• Ornithogalum sibthorpii (Balkan to Crete)
• Paeonia cambessedessii (Balearic Islands, Corsica)*
• Paeonia clusii (Crete) white, smallest
• Paeonia tenuifolia (SE Europe, Asia Minor)
• Paraquilegia grandiflora (from Afghanistan E)
• Pelargonium endlicherianum (Turkey)*
• Polygala chamaebuxus (Alps)*
• Polygala microphylla (W Spain, Portugal)
• Polygala nicaensis (S Europe to Russia)
• Polygala stocksiana (Turkey to Transcaucasia)
• Primula fedtschenkoi (C Asia) summer-dormant
• Primula juliae (SE Caucasus)*
• Primula kaufmanniana (C Asia) summer-dormant
• Primula palinurii (S Italy) summer-dormant
• Primula vulgaris (W and S Europe, to Asia Minor, Armenia)**
• Primula vulgaris var. rubra [= P. abchasica] (E Mediterranean)
• Primula vulgaris ssp. sibthorpii (Balkans)*
• Prunus prostrata (Mediterranean)
• Pterocephalus parnassii (Greece)**
• Pterocephalus pinardii (Turkey)*
• Pterocephalus spathulatus (SE Spain)
• Ptilotrichum purpureum(SE Spain)
• Ptilotrichum spinosum (N Spain)**
• Puschkinia hyacinthoides, P. libanotica (Asia Minor)*
• Ramonda myconii (Pyrenees) [Note: Ramondas need shade]*
• Ramonda nathaliae (Macedonia, Albania)
• Ranunculus abnormis (Spain, Portugal) yellow
• Ranunculus calandrinioides (N Africa)**
• Ranunculus gramineus (Mediterranean)**
• Ranunculus kochii (from Turkey S and E) ficaria-type
• Ranunculus millefoliatus (Mediterr)
• Ranunculus millefolius (from Turkey S)
• Ranunculus parnassifolius (Pyrenees)
• Ranunculus rupestris (W Mediterr)
• Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus` (Mediterranean)*
• Rosularia aizoon, R. pallida , others (Asia Minor)*
• Salvia albimaculata (Turkey)
• Salvia blepharochlaena (Turkey)
• Salvia caespitosa (Turkey)*
• Salvia eriophora (Turkey)
• Santolina chamaecyparissus 'Corsica`,
also known as S. incana nana (Mediterranean)*
• Saponaria caespitosa (Spain)*
• Saponaria ocymoides (SW Europe)**
• Saponaria x olivana [infertile cross S. caespitosa x S. pumilio]**
• Saponaria pulvinaris (Asia Minor)
• Saponaria pumilio (SE Europe to Lebanon)
• Satureja croatica (Balkans)
• Satureja montana (Mediterranean to S Russia)*
• Saxifraga canaliculata (Spain)*
• Saxifraga lingulata [=callosa] var. australis (Italy)*
• Saxifraga lingulata var. catalaunica (Spain)
• Saxifraga longifolia (E Spain)
• Saxifraga trifurcata (N Spain)
• Scabiosa graminifolia (Pyrenees to Dalmatia)*
• Scilla hispanica (Spain, Portugal)*
• Scilla sibirica (Balkans, Asia M., to S Russia)*
• Scutellaria orientalis (Balkans,
Asia Minor) [needs scree conditions]*
• Sedum acre (N Africa to N Asia)*
• Sedum album (N Africa to N Asia)**
• Sedum atlanticum (Atlas)
• Sedum brevifolium (Spain)
• Sedum caeruleum (Corsica to N Africa)
• Sedum dasyphyllum (Europe, N Africa)*
• Sedum gypsicolum (Spain to Atlas)
• Sedum idaeum (Crete)
• Sedum jaccardianum (Atlas)
• Sedum laconicum (Greece)
• Sedum lagascae (Iberia)
• Sedum magellense (Mediterr)
• Sedum sediforme (S Europe, N Africa, Asia Minor)
• Sedum sempervivoides (Turkey)
• Sedum tenuifolium (Mediterr)
• Sedum tristriatum (Greece)
• Sedum urvillei (Balkans)
• Sempervivum, all spp. (Mediterranean,
S Europe, Asia Minor)*
• Silene boryi (S Spain)
• Silene caryophylloides (Turkey)
• Silene parnassica (E Mediterr.)
• Silene pindicola (N Greece)
• Silene schafta (E Caucasus, N Iran)**
• Silene vallesiaca (S France to Greece)
• Stachys amanica (Turkey)
• Stachys candida (Greece)
• Stachys chrysantha (Greece)
• Stachys citrina (Turkey)
• Stachys lavandulifolia (Turkey, Iran, Iraq)
• Stachys spruneri (SE Greece)
• Sternbergia clusiana, S. lutea (Mediterranean)*
• Tanacetum pallidum (Spain)
• Tanacetum pulverulentum (N Spain, Portugal)
• Teucrium aroanicum (Greece)
• Teucrium pyrenaicum (Pyrenees, W France)*
• Teucrium polium aureum (Turkey)**
• Thalictrum orientale (Greece, Asia Minor)
• Thalictrum tuberosum (Spain) as above
• Thlaspi nevadense (Spain)
• Thlaspi sintenisii (Turkey)
• Thlaspi stylosum (Appenines)
• Thymus caespititius (Portugal)
• Thymus capitatus (Portugal) small shrub
• Thymus cilicicus (Asia Minor)
• Thymus longiflorus (Spain)
• Tulipa (Mediterranean to Central Asia): Almost
all species tulips are ideal for our conditions.
• Recommended are: T. bakeri**, T. batalinii**,
T. chrysantha, T. clusiana, T. humilis**, T.
• linifolia**, T. pulchella, T. saxatilis**,
T. sprengeri, T. tarda**, T. urumiensis.**
• Verbascum acaule (S Greece)
• Verbascum arcturus (Crete)
• Verbascum dumulosum (Asia Minor) and hybrid 'Letitia`**
• Verbascum pestalozzae (Turkey)
• Veronica armena, V. cinerea (Asia Minor)
• Veronica bombycina (Turkey)
• Veronica caespitosa (Lebanon, Turkey)
• Veronica pontica (Balkans)
• Veronica prostrata (Europe, Asia Minor, Siberia)*
• Veronica saturejoides (Dalmatia)*
• Veronica whittallii (Asia Minor)**
• Viola bertolonii and ssp. corsica (Italy, Balkans)*
• Viola cazorlensis (S Spain) shrubby, beautiful
• Viola crassiuscula (S Spain)
• Viola doerfleri (Yugoslavia)
• Viola eugeniae (Italy)
• Viola eximia (Balkans)
• Viola graeca (Greece, Italy)
• Viola gracilis (Balkans, Asia Minor)*



There are other pages on Plants which bloom in each month of the year in this website:-





Explanation of Structure of this Website with User Guidelines Page for those photo galleries with Photos
(of either ones I have taken myself or others which have been loaned only for use on this website from external sources)




when I do not have my own or ones from mail-order nursery photos , then from March 2016, if you want to start from the uppermost design levels through to your choice of cultivated and wildflower plants to change your Plant Selection Process then use the following galleries:-

  • Create and input all plants known by Amateur Gardening inserted into their Sanders' Encyclopaedia from their edition published in 1960 (originally published by them in 1895) into these
    • Stage 1 - Garden Style Index Gallery,
    • Stage 2 - Infill Plants Index Gallery being the only gallery from these 7 with photos (from Wikimedia Commons) ,
    • Stage 3 - All Plants Index Gallery with each plant species in its own Plant Type Page followed by choice from Stage 4a, 4b, 4c and/or 4d REMEMBERING THE CONSTRAINTS ON THE SELECTION FROM THE CHOICES MADE IN STAGES 1 AND 2
    • Stage 4a - 12 Bloom Colours per Month Index Gallery,
    • Stage 4b - 12 Foliage Colours per Month Index Gallery with
    • Stage 4c - Cultivation, Position, Use Index Gallery and
    • Stage 4d - Shape, Form Index Gallery
    • Unfortunately, if you want to have 100's of choices on selection of plants from 1000's of 1200 pixels wide by up to 16,300 pixels in length webpages, which you can jump to from almost any of the pages in these 7 galleries above, you have to put up with those links to those choices being on
      • the left topic menu table,
      • the header of the middle data table and on
      • the page/index menu table on the right of every page of those galleries.



I hope that you find that the information in this website is useful to you:-

I like reading and that is shown by the index in my Library, where I provide lists of books to take you between designing, maintaining or building a garden and the hierarchy of books on plants taking you from

There are these systems for choosing plants as shown in

  • Plants topic
  • Garden Style Index Gallery
  • Colour Wheel of All Flowers 53 flower colours
  • Colour Wheel of All Flowers per Month 53 flower colours
  • Flower Shape
  • This All Bee-Pollinated Flowers gallery compares 13 flower colour photos per month for many plants from the other Galleries, by clicking on the 1 in the relevant Flower per month Colour in the Colour Wheel down on the right,
  • the Bee-pollinated Index Gallery provides the tabular index of another 264 plants with the relevant colour in that respective month:-
    • 51 ANNUALS
    • 11 BIENNIALS
    • 4 CLIMBERS
    • 2 GRASSES which cause hayfever

82 rock garden plants (with photos) suitable for small garden areas; split into:-

3 BULBS - Spring Catalogue. For planting in February/ May
2 BULBS - Late Summer Catalogue. For planting in July/ September
7 BULBS - Autumn Catalogue. For planting in September/ November
2 Bulbs - Winter Catalogue. For planting in November/ March
in the Rock Plant Flowers Gallery.
All the remaining rock garden plants detailed in the Rock Garden Plant Index pages in the Rock Plant Flowers are waiting to receive photos, before they can be added to the 1 of the 52 Rockgarden Colour Wheel - Flowers Pages and then the above list.

I am taking photos of rock garden plants suitable for small gardens and if they do not have their own Plant Description Page in this website, then each photo of each plant will be located at the bottom of the relevant 1 of 52 Rockgarden Flower Colour Wheel pages. Usually a link in *** to that page of 35 will be included in the Name field of the respective Index Page, for:-

Then a link using More Photos Page links to the Rock Plant Photos Gallery for each of the above 35 Rock Garden Plants


Site Map for Direct Link to Plant Description Page from their Petal Colour being nearest Colour to Colour in a Colour Wheel Page


Small size plant in Flower Colours

Miniature size plant in Flower Colours

Small Size plant flower in Month

Miniature Size plant flower in Month

including those from the Camera Photo Galleries as detailed in row 3 of the Topic Table on the left.
Click on the centre of each thumbnail in the following flower colour month pages to transfer to the description of that plant in a Camera Photo Gallery Page:-

Dark Tone or Shades
(Colours mixed with Black)
(Colours mixed with Grey)
Pure Hue
(the Primary, Secondary or Tertiary Colour named)
(Colours mixed with White)

(o)Rock Plant: A
(o)Rock Plant: B
(o)Rock Plant: C
(o)Rock Plant: D
(o)Rock Plant: E
(o)Rock Plant: F
(o)Rock Plant: G
(o)Rock Plant: H
(o)Rock Plant: I
(o)Rock Plant: J
(o)Rock Plant: K
(o)Rock Plant: L
(o)Rock Plant: M
(o)Rock Plant: NO
(o)Rock Plant: PQ
(o)Rock Plant: R
(o)Rock Plant: S
(o)Rock Plant: T
(o)Rock Plant: UVWXYZ




Rock plants for Sunny Sites.

Rock plants for Shady Sites.

Early Bloom in the Rock Garden.

Summer Bloom in the Rock Garden.

Late Bloom in the Rock Garden.

Rock plants of Creeping and Trailing Habit.

Rock plants with Evergreen Foliage.

Rock Plants with Silvery or Variegated Foliage.

Rock plants needing the protection of Sheet of Glass in Winter.

Rock plants which hate Lime.

Lime Lovers.

Peat Lovers.


Plants for sunny sites in the Wall Garden.

Plants for Shady Sites in the Wall Garden.

Plants for a Dry Site on a Wall.

Plants for a Moderately Dry Site on a Wall.

Plants for a Moist Site on a Wall.

Plants for Positions on Top of Walls.

Plants to Hang Down from the Upper Parts of a Wall.

Website Structure Explanation and User Guidelines



Some Good Rock Plants
with Some Plants that Thrive on the Moraine

Plants for the Alpine House

Plants for the Miniature Rock Garden
with Some Bulbs and Tubers for the Rock Garden,
Some Bulbs for the Alpine House and
Bulbs and Tubers suitable for Naturalizing in Grass

Shrubs for the Rock Garden
with Rounded, Pyramidal, and Erect Growth. Then, Heath-like Lime Haters and last is Trailers and Prostrate Shrubs. Next Table has Gentiana for the Rock Garden followed by Pinks (Dianthus) for the Rock Garden

Moisture-loving Trees and Shrubs for Bog or Water Garden
with Conifers (Dwarf) and Ornamental Grasses for the Rock or Marsh Garden


Plants for Wall Garden
with Plants for the Paved Garden

Plants for the Water Garden

Plants for the Bog Garden
with Alpine Primulas for the Rock Garden,
Alpine Primulas for the Bog Garden and
Campanulas for the Rock Garden


The Moraine or Scree Garden - Many of the alpines will not prosper in the ordinary rock garden. They require that the natural conditions under which they live in the wild state shall be copied as nearly as possible in the rock garden. The plants to which we refer grow on mountain slopes covered with loose stones, where the melting of the snow during summer provides them with plenty of ice-cold water and where a blanket of snow protects them during the winter. The conditions we must endeavour to reproduce are, therefore: adequate moisture for the roots in summer while the plants are growing, but at the same time good drainage:
and secondly, protection from damp in the winter. The moraine is intended to provide these requirements, and can be made quite cheaply anywhere in the rock garden. Plants requiring very diverse kinds of soil may thus, with great effect, be grown in close proximity.

Making the Moraine
An ideal and natural position for the moraine would be in the sun at the lower end of a miniature valley between 2 rocky spurs, the gorge gradually expanding into a flat bed of scree with occasional boulders strewn over it. The extent of the moraine will vary in proportion to the size of the whole rock garden. If the latter is large, the moraine may cover an area of many square yards (square metres); on the other hand, it may be nothing more than a small, well-drained pocket or crevice filled with moraine mixture in which a single specimen is grown.
To construct the moraine, dig out about 30 inches (75cms) of the soil and make the bottom of the basin or trench slope slightly towards the front: the slope must not be too steep or the moraine will become over-dry in summer. The lower 10 inches (25cms) must be made water-tight by means of puddling with clay or by means of cement. Make an outlet in front, which when closed keeps about 10 inches (25 cms) of water, but not more, in the lowest parts of the basin, while when the outlet is open no water can remain in the basin. Now cover the bottom of the trench with about 10 inches (25 cms) of rubble, stones, or any material that will afford good drainage. Above this place another 6 inches (15 cms) or so of smaller stones roughly 2 inches (5 cms) in diameter; these will fill the gaps between the larger stones and prevent the small grit above from sinking through and blocking the drainage. The hollow is then filled up with a mixture of stone chips and gravel. Over this again is thrown a covering, an inch or so (2.5 cm) in thickness, formed of a mixture of equal parts of ordinary garden soil, leaf mould, and small stone chips similar to those used in frosty weather for sprinkling on wood-paved roads. Limestone or sandstone chips are excellent and easily obtained; flint chips should not be used, as they do not conserve moisture. Place a few boulders in the moraine to break up the surface and to give the plants some protection. A natural trickle of water may be led into the top of the moraine, or each day sufficient moisture may be given from a watering-can to cause an overflow from the outlet at the bottom. From November to May, when no additional moisture is needed in the moraine, the outlet should be left open.
The overflow from the moraine may be led into a small pool, which will add great charm to the rock garden, and is easy to construct while the garden is being made. In it may be grown rushes and small water plants, while the overflow from it will provide an excellent situation for bog plants or for any alpines loving plenty of moisture. When planting, the gardener should remember the conditions under which each plant lives in its native state, and should set it in the rock garden accordingly. Many plants that have proved failures in the rock garden proper will, on transplantation to the moraine, flourish.
The inhabitants of the moraine are not so rampant as many alpines grown in the rock garden proper, but for all that, the more vigorous should be kept in check. A light top-dressing of equal parts of loam, leaf-mould, and stone chips will be required in spring and again in early autumn.

Protection of Plants in Winter
Plants whose leaves are covered with fluff or down are, when in their natural haunts, usually protected from damp during the winter by a coat of snow. When they are grown out of doors in England, they must, therefore, be given a covering of glass during the winter months: that is, from the middle of October to the beginning of March. When the plant is a small one nestling in a crevice between the rocks, it is often possible to cover it with a sheet of glass resting on the surrounding rocks; but when this cannot be done, 4 pieces of stiff galvanized wire should be inserted firmly in the ground and bent over at the top to hold the glass plate securely in position over the plant. If the weather is especially severe or the plant very delicate, 4 additional pieces of glass may be set in the soil and supported by the wires so as to form 4 walls protecting the plant. Sufficient space between the glass roof and the tops of the 4 walls should be left for adequate ventilation (but not enough to admit the rain or snow) or the plants will be liable to damp-off. Hand-lights and bell-glasses may also be used, but in all cases adequate ventilation should be provided. The frost will often raise the plants from the soil, especially those planted the previous autumn. In spring, therefore, each plant should be carefully scrutinized, and, if necessary, gently pressed down into the soil. Dead leaves must be removed from around the plants, and a top-dressing of fine, sandy loam and leaf-mould should be sifted round and close up to the crowns.

Topic - Over 1060 links in this table to a topic in a topic folder or page within that folder of this website
Case Studies
...Drive Foundations
Ryegrass and turf kills plants within Roadstone and in Topsoil due to it starving and dehydrating them.
CEDAdrive creates stable drive surface and drains rain into your ground, rather than onto the public road.
8 problems caused by building house on clay or with house-wall attached to clay.
Pre-building work on polluted soil.

Companion Planting
A ,B ,C ,D ,E ,
F ,G ,H ,I ,J ,K ,
L ,M ,N ,O ,P ,Q ,
R ,S ,T ,U ,V ,W ,
X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants
to provide a Companion Plant to aid your selected plant or deter its pests


with ground drains
Garden Design
...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed

......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants
......Camera photos of Plant supports

Glossary with a tomato teaching cauliflowers
Library of over 1000 books
Offbeat Glossary with DuLally Bird in its flower clock.

...in Chalk
(Alkaline) Soil
......A-F1, A-F2,
......A-F3, G-L, M-R,
......M-R Roses, S-Z
...in Heavy
Clay Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
...in Lime-Free
(Acid) Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
...in Light
Sand Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
...Poisonous Plants.
...Extra Plant Pages
with its 6 Plant Selection Levels

Interaction between 2 Quartz Sand Grains to make soil
How roots of plants are in control in the soil
Without replacing Soil Nutrients, the soil will break up to only clay, sand or silt
Subsidence caused by water in Clay
Use water ring for trees/shrubs for first 2 years.

Tool Shed with 3 kneeling pads
Useful Data with benefits of Seaweed

Topic -
Plant Photo Galleries
with Plant Botanical Index of all plants detailed in this website

...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z

If the plant type below has flowers, then the first gallery will include the flower thumbnail in each month of 1 of 6 or 7 flower colour comparison pages of each plant in its subsidiary galleries, as a low-level Plant Selection Process
...by Flower Shape

Bulb Index
A1, 2, 3, B, C1, 2,
D, E, F, G, Glad,
H, I, J, K, L1, 2,
M, N, O, P, Q, R,
S, T, U, V, W, XYZ
...Allium/ Anemone
...Colchicum/ Crocus
...Gladiolus with its 40 Flower Colours
......European A-E
......European F-M
......European N-Z
......European Non-classified
......American A,
B, C, D, E, F, G,
H, I, J, K, L, M,
N, O, P, Q, R, S,
T, U, V, W, XYZ
......American Non-classified
......Australia - empty
...Hippeastrum/ Lily
...Late Summer
...Each of the above ...Bulb Galleries has its own set of Flower Colour Pages
...Flower Shape
...Bulb Form

...Bulb Use

...Bulb in Soil

Further details on bulbs from the Infill Galleries:-
Hardy Bulbs



...Forcing Lily of the Valley



...Hyacinths in Pots


...Lilium in Pots
...Narcissi in Pots



Half-Hardy Bulbs



Uses of Bulbs:-
...for Bedding
...in Windowboxes
...in Border
...naturalized in Grass
...in Bulb Frame
...in Woodland Garden
...in Rock Garden
...in Bowls
...in Alpine House
...Bulbs in Greenhouse or Stove:-




...Plant Bedding in

...Bulb houseplants flowering inside House during:-
...Bulbs and other types of plant flowering during:-
...Selection of the smaller and choicer plants for the Smallest of Gardens with plant flowering during the same 6 periods as in the previous selection

Climber in
3 Sector Vertical Plant System
Deciduous Shrub
...Shrubs - Decid
Deciduous Tree
...Trees - Decid
Evergreen Perennial
...P-Evergreen A-L
...P-Evergreen M-Z
...Flower Shape
Evergreen Shrub
...Shrubs - Evergreen
...Heather Shrub
...Heather Index
......Erica: Carnea
......Erica: Cinerea
......Erica: Others
Evergreen Tree
...Trees - Evergreen

...Diascia Photo Album,
...UK Peony Index

...P -Herbaceous
...Flower Shape
...RHS Wisley
......Mixed Border
......Other Borders
Odds and Sods

...RHS Wisley A-F
...RHS Wisley G-R
...RHS Wisley S-Z
...Rose Use - page links in row 6. Rose, RHS Wisley and Other Roses rose indices on each Rose Use page
...Other Roses A-F
...Other Roses G-R
...Other Roses S-Z
Pruning Methods
Photo Index
R 1, 2, 3
Peter Beales Roses
RV Roger

Soft Fruit
Top Fruit

Wild Flower and
Butterfly page links are in next row

Topic -
UK Butterfly:-
...Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly Usage
of Plants.
...Plant Usage by
Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly.

Both native wildflowers and cultivated plants, with these
...Flower Shape,
Uses in USA,
Uses in UK and
Flo Cols / month are used by Butter-flies native in UK

Wild Flower
with its wildflower flower colour page, space,
data page(s).
...Blue Site Map.
Scented Flower, Foliage, Root.
Story of their Common Names.
Use of Plant with Flowers.
Use for Non-Flowering Plants.
Edible Plant Parts.
Flower Legend.
Flowering plants of
Chalk and
Limestone 1
, 2.
Flowering plants of Acid Soil
...Brown Botanical Names.
Food for

...Cream Common Names.
Coastal and Dunes.
Sandy Shores and Dunes.
...Green Broad-leaved Woods.
...Mauve Grassland - Acid, Neutral, Chalk.
...Multi-Cols Heaths and Moors.
...Orange Hedge-rows and Verges.
...Pink A-G Lakes, Canals and Rivers.
...Pink H-Z Marshes, Fens, Bogs.
...Purple Old Buildings and Walls.
...Red Pinewoods.
...White A-D
Shingle Beaches, Rocks and Cliff Tops.
...White E-P Other.
...White Q-Z Number of Petals.
...Yellow A-G
...Yellow H-Z
Poisonous Parts.
...Shrub/Tree River Banks and other Freshwater Margins. and together with cultivated plants in
Colour Wheel.

You know its
a-h, i-p, q-z,
Botanical Names, or Common Names,
Acid Soil,
(Chalk) Soil
Marine Soil,
Neutral Soil,
is a
is a
is a
is a
Sedge, or

Each plant in each WILD FLOWER FAMILY PAGE will have a link to:-
1) its created Plant Description Page in its Common Name column, then external sites:-
2) to purchase the plant or seed in its Botanical Name column,
3) to see photos in its Flowering Months column and
4) to read habitat details in its Habitat Column.
Adder's Tongue
Bog Myrtle
Cornel (Dogwood)
Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 1
Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2
Daisy Cudweeds
Daisy Chamomiles
Daisy Thistle
Daisy Catsears Daisy Hawkweeds
Daisy Hawksbeards
Dock Bistorts
Dock Sorrels
Filmy Fern
Royal Fern
Figwort - Mulleins
Figwort - Speedwells
Grass 1
Grass 2
Grass 3
Grass Soft
Bromes 1

Grass Soft
Bromes 2

Grass Soft
Bromes 3

Jacobs Ladder
Lily Garlic
Marsh Pennywort
Melon (Gourd/Cucumber)
Orchid 1
Orchid 2
Orchid 3
Orchid 4
Clover 1

Clover 2

Clover 3

Peaflower Vetches/Peas
Pink 1
Pink 2
Rannock Rush
Rose 1
Rose 2
Rose 3
Rose 4
Rush Woodrushes
Saint Johns Wort
Saltmarsh Grasses
Sea Lavender
Sedge Rush-like
Sedges Carex 1
Sedges Carex 2
Sedges Carex 3
Sedges Carex 4
Tassel Pondweed
Thyme 1
Thyme 2
Umbellifer 1
Umbellifer 2
Water Fern
Water Milfoil
Water Plantain
Water Starwort

Topic -
The following is a complete hierarchical Plant Selection Process

dependent on the Garden Style chosen
Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form

Topic -
Flower/Foliage Colour Wheel Galleries with number of colours as a high-level Plant Selection Process

All Flowers 53 with
...Use of Plant and
Flower Shape
- page links in bottom row

All Foliage 53
instead of redundant
...(All Foliage 212)

All Flowers
per Month 12

Bee instead of wind pollinated plants for hay-fever sufferers
All Bee-Pollinated Flowers
per Month

Rock Garden and Alpine Flowers
Rock Plant Flowers 53
A, B, C, D, E, F,
G, H, I, J, K, L,
M, NO, PQ, R, S,
...Rock Plant Photos

Flower Colour Wheel without photos, but with links to photos
12 Bloom Colours
per Month Index

...All Plants Index

Topic -
Use of Plant in your Plant Selection Process

Plant Colour Wheel Uses
1. Perfect general use soil is composed of 8.3% lime, 16.6% humus, 25% clay and 50% sand, and
2. Why you are continually losing the SOIL STRUCTURE so your soil - will revert to clay, chalk, sand or silt.
Uses of Plant and Flower Shape:-
...Foliage Only
...Other than Green Foliage
...Trees in Lawn
...Trees in Small Gardens
...Wildflower Garden
...Attract Bird
...Attract Butterfly
, 2
...Climber on House Wall
...Climber not on House Wall
...Climber in Tree
...Pollution Barrier
...Part Shade
...Full Shade
...Single Flower provides Pollen for Bees
, 2, 3
...Covering Banks
...Patio Pot
...Edging Borders
...Back of Border
...Adjacent to Water
...Bog Garden
...Tolerant of Poor Soil
...Not Fragrant
...Standard Plant is 'Ball on Stick'
...Upright Branches or Sword-shaped leaves
...Plant to Prevent Entry to Human or Animal
...Coastal Conditions
...Tolerant on North-facing Wall
...Cut Flower
...Potted Veg Outdoors
...Potted Veg Indoors
...Raised Bed Outdoors Veg
...Grow in Alkaline Soil A-F, G-L, M-R,
...Grow in Acidic Soil
...Grow in Any Soil
...Grow in Rock Garden
...Grow Bulbs Indoors

Uses of Bedding
...Bedding Out
...Filling In
...Pots and Troughs
...Window Boxes
...Hanging Baskets
...Spring Bedding
...Summer Bedding
...Winter Bedding
...Foliage instead of Flower
...Coleus Bedding Photos for use in Public Domain 1

Uses of Bulb
...Other than Only Green Foliage
...Bedding or Mass Planting
...Tolerant of Shade
...In Woodland Areas
...Tolerant of Poor Soil
...Covering Banks
...In Water
...Beside Stream or Water Garden
...Coastal Conditions
...Edging Borders
...Back of Border or Back-ground Plant
...Fragrant Flowers
...Not Fragrant Flowers

...Grow in a Patio Pot
...Grow in an Alpine Trough
...Grow in an Alpine House
...Grow in Rock Garden
...Speciman Plant
...Into Native Plant Garden
...Naturalize in Grass
...Grow in Hanging Basket
...Grow in Window-box
...Grow in Green-house
...Grow in Scree
...Naturalized Plant Area
...Grow in Cottage Garden
...Attracts Butterflies
...Attracts Bees
...Resistant to Wildlife
...Bulb in Soil:-
......Lime-Free (Acid)

Uses of Rose
Rose Index

...Bedding 1, 2
...Climber /Pillar
...Cut-Flower 1, 2
...Exhibition, Speciman
...Grow In A Container 1, 2
...Hedge 1, 2
...Climber in Tree
...Edging Borders
...Tolerant of Poor Soil 1, 2
...Tolerant of Shade
...Back of Border
...Adjacent to Water

Topic -
Camera Photo Galleries showing all 4000 x 3000 pixels of each photo on your screen that you can then click and drag it to your desktop as part of a Plant Selection Process:-

RHS Garden at Wisley

Plant Supports -
When supporting plants in a bed, it is found that not only do those plants grow upwards, but also they expand their roots and footpad sideways each year. Pages
, 2, 3, 8, 11,
12, 13,
Plants 4, 7, 10,
Bedding Plants 5,
Plant Supports for Unknown Plants 5
Clematis Climbers 6,
the RHS does not appear to either follow it's own pruning advice or advice from The Pruning of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers by George E. Brown.
ISBN 0-571-11084-3 with the plants in Pages 1-7 of this folder. You can see from looking at both these resources as to whether the pruning carried out on the remainder of the plants in Pages 7-15 was correct.

Narcissus (Daffodil) 9,
Phlox Plant Supports 14, 15

Coleus Bedding Foliage Trial - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13, 14, 15,
16, 17, 18, 19, 20,
21, 22, 23, 24, 25,
26, 27, 28, 29, 30,
31, 32, Index

National Trust Garden at Sissinghurst Castle
Plant Supports -
Pages for Gallery 1

with Plant Supports
1, 5, 10
2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9,
11, 12
Recommended Rose Pruning Methods 13
Pages for Gallery 2
with Plant Supports
Plants 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

Dry Garden of
RHS Garden at
Hyde Hall

Plants - Pages
without Plant Supports
Plants 1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

Nursery of
Peter Beales Roses
Display Garden

Roses Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13

Nursery of
RV Roger

Roses - Pages
V76,Z77, 78,

Damage by Plants in Chilham Village - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4

Pavements of Funchal, Madeira
Damage to Trees - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13
for trees 1-54,
14, 15,
16, 17, 18, 19, 20,
21, 22, 23, 24, 25,
for trees 55-95,
26, 27, 28, 29, 30,
31, 32, 33, 34, 35,
36, 37,
for trees 95-133,
38, 39, 40,
41, 42, 43, 44, 45,
for trees 133-166

Chris Garnons-Williams
Work Done - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13

Identity of Plants
Label Problems - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,

Ron and Christine Foord - 1036 photos only inserted so far - Garden Flowers - Start Page of each Gallery
AB1 ,AN14,BA27,

Plant with Photo Index of Ivydene Gardens - 1187
A 1, 2, Photos - 43
B 1, Photos - 13
C 1, Photos - 35
D 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7,
Photos - 411
with Plants causing damage to buildings in Chilham Village and Damage to Trees in Pavements of Funchal
E 1, Photos - 21
F 1, Photos - 1
G 1, Photos - 5
H 1, Photos - 21
I 1, Photos - 8
J 1, Photos - 1
K 1, Photos - 1
L 1, Photos - 85
with Label Problems
M 1, Photos - 9
N 1, Photos - 12
O 1, Photos - 5
P 1, Photos - 54
Q 1, Photos -
R 1, 2, 3,
Photos - 229
S 1, Photos - 111
T 1, Photos - 13
U 1, Photos - 5
V 1, Photos - 4
W 1, Photos - 100
with Work Done by Chris Garnons-Williams
X 1 Photos -
Y 1, Photos -
Z 1 Photos -
Articles/Items in Ivydene Gardens - 88
Flower Colour, Num of Petals, Shape and
Plant Use of:-
Rock Garden
within linked page


Topic -
Fragrant Plants as a Plant Selection Process for your sense of smell:-

Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an Acid Soil
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers
, 2, 3
Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves
, 2
Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers
, 2, 3, 4, 5
Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit
, 2, 3
Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers
, 2
Night-scented Flowering Plants
, 2

Topic -
Website User Guidelines

My Gas Service Engineer found Flow and Return pipes incorrectly positioned on gas boilers and customers had refused to have positioning corrected in 2020.

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