Ivydene Gardens Home: Contact Chris Garnons-Williams

This is Page 16,342 -
You are very privileged in being able to view the ONLY page in this website with a PAGE NUMBER, which unfortunately bears no relationship whatsoever to the true number of pages which are in this website on 16 December 2021.


The contact information is in the next row, but I think you may find this more useful:-

Never Fail Cake. ( Recipe by A. Whybrow) amended by Chris Garnons-Williams

Ingredients to boil for 25 minutes:-

  • 3 mugs fruit (mixed) - I tend to use the Villier and Bosch Large Mugs, dried mixed fruit, chopped dates, chopped apricots, chopped prunes; with bought mixed peel and glace cherries added after the 3 mugs of the mixed fruit of the previous ones in this list
  • 1 mug sugar - I tend to use Dark Molasses in one third and two thirds light molasses
  • 1.5 mugs water
  • 4 oz margarine or butter - I tend to use unsalted butter

Remaining instructions:-

  • Whisk 4 large eggs and a pinch of salt in a mixing bowl, then
  • When boiled mixture is cool mix
    • the contents of that mixing bowl into it before
    • mixing 1 teaspoon of Bicarbonate of Soda to 2 mugs of sifted Self-Raising (S.R.) flour in that empty mixing bowl - You can substitute 2 mugs of sifted Self-Raising flour for 1.5 mugs of sifted self-raising flour and 0.5 mugs of wholemeal flour plus 1 teaspoon of Baking Powder. Then fold that mixture over the cooled mixture in the boiled mixture pan, until the flour has been completely mixed in.
  • Spoon into a greased and lined cake tin (7-8 in. square or round)
    spoon it into 54 fairy cake cases preceeded by a glace cherry or candied orange peel/diced glace ginger on the top.
  • You can leave it to rise for 30 minutes before baking in the oven to increase its lightness once cooked,
  • Bake at 160c or 325 - 350F or Mark 3.5-4 (fan 140c) for approx. 1.5 hours for 1 lb loaf tins or 1 hour 50 minutes for an 8 inch lined circular cake tin. The cake should rise at least 50% in size. Bake the fairy cakes at fan 140c for 55 minutes - they will come out with a thin crisper darker top layer and a moist sponge-like texture remainder (since they are in fairy cake cases, the cake when eaten will only be touched by the person peeling the case away from the cake and then eating it).
  • Remove from oven having tested for it being fully cooked with a skewer, empty out of tin onto a mesh tray and leave to cool.

Unfortunately humans do not seem to be able to keep their hands off it, so its shelf life is limited.

You can use 2pcs-Baking Silicone Bread and Loaf Rectangle Bakeware Non-Stick Loaf Pan instead of re-lining cake tins each time. Then after cooking the cake and it has cooled down, you can remove it from the silcone loaf pan quite easily without it sticking to it.


Chris Garnons-Williams is the Sole Trader of Ivydene Horticultural Services.

Email is a more certain method of communication at any time rather than mobile phone; since the mobile is normally switched off.
Email: Click on
Ivydene Horticultural Services to get an email set up to me.
Mail sent to mail@ivydenegardens.co.uk will not get to me.
This email link is in white text on a burgundy colour background in the Text Box under the Worm Logo in all the pages of all the topics.
I shall receive email number 6 - extrapolating from the days of the previous 5 - on 15 March 2025. The reply should be sent within a month after the shock has been recovered from.
Delicate flower with

  • too close a proximity to those of a female persuasion like a female dentist (even though I was only looking at one hair which had strayed from her coiffure during the time she was working on my teeth and nothing else) caused my warfarin levels to go haywire for 2 months
  • restricted comfortable air temperature of room between 18 and 20 degrees Centigrade,
  • noise level in the cinema or theatre is too high and
  • dancing / squash / gliding is not available - motorbicycle accident left one third of my brain detached from my skull and this stops me going gliding as well when the glider enters an air pocket and it drops.
  • exciting life I lead isn't it?


Ivydene Horticultural Services
1 Eastmoor Farm Cottages
Moor Street
Kent. ME8 8QE

There are no materials stored at the above address and no clients are seen at the above address.



Due to under-work and ill-health in March 2013, management have decided to retire:-
On 17 March 2013, I attended Medway Hospital whilst coughing up blood from my lungs. Tests were carried out and I left the following day with medication for:-

  • a) atrial fibrillation (Irregular Heart Rhythm),
  • b) impaired left ventricular function (The left ventricle is the thickest of the heart’s chambers and is responsible for pumping oxygenated blood to tissues all over the body. By contrast, the right ventricle solely pumps blood to the lungs),
  • c) lower respiratory tract infection (Respiratory tract infections (RTIs) are any infection of the sinuses, throat, airways or lungs. Lower respiratory tract infections – which affect the airways and lungs) to add to
  • d) prolactin-secreting macroadenoma of the pituary (These pituitary tumors (also called adenomas) secrete excessive amounts of prolactin. Prolactin is the hormone that stimulates milk production by the breasts.) diagnosed in April 2001.

The following information was sent by a Locum Consultant Cardiologist from Medway Maritime Hospital on 17 January 2014:-

  • Diagnosis:-
    • 1. Moderate to poor left ventricular function with hypokinesia in the inferior and posterior walls.
    • 2. Permanent atrial fibrillation with three failed attempts of cardioversion.
    • 3. History of prolactin-screting macroadenoma of the pituary now Micro prolactinoma
    • 4. history of mild restrictive pulmonary function test.
  • Medications: Ramipril, Bisoprolol, Simvastatin, Spironolactin, Cabergoline, Warfarin, Salbutamol, Seretide.
  • I have reviewed tis gentleman in clinic today. Overall he is much better. We managed to bring down his atrial fibrillation from 120 to 84 (normal heart rate should be regular and between 60 and 100 beats a minute when you are resting - 120 is too high). His BP is 140/97 (BP is Blood Pressure , where ideal blood pressure is between 90/60 and 120/80. 140/97 is too high and above high blood pressure). His symptoms of heart failure are much better, less short of breath and less ankle swelling.

On 7 January 2016, my doctor stated that I also had Type 2 Diabetes (Diabetes is a lifelong condition that causes a person's blood sugar level to become too high. Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body doesn't produce enough insulin to function properly, or the body’s cells don't react to insulin. This means that glucose stays in the blood and isn't used as fuel for energy. Diabetes is also responsible for most cases of kidney failure and lower limb amputation (other than accidents).)

On 12 March 2020, my eye doctor stated that I had Glaucoma in both eyes, since the Field Test indicated a lack of peripheral vision, so now both eyes need the drops. Looking on the bright side, I have slowed down the rate of collecting imperfections in my body system.


As you can see from the above that I am "in the pink of health" and not yet "pushing up the daisies".
Although unable to physically work for a lengthy period, my mental facilities are still at my command to assist at problems:-

  • having my 27,000 Raw Camera Images and potential of 15,000 digitised slides from Ron and Christine Foord to create photo galleries with plant descriptions under the raw camera image. Then adding thumbnails of them to the respective Comparison Pages of the 6 colours per month in the relevant plant type photo gallery - after amending the index pages in those galleries to add plant use, soil, soil moisture and sun aspect to each plant. I am starting with the Alliums and Anemones from the Allium and Anemone Gallery, amending their index on Index Page A of the Bulb Plant Gallery and further comparing them in Bulb Shape Gallery in March 2020.
  • like the multiplicity of problems with the trees in the pavements in Funchal, where I have explained how these trees grow, what to do to save them, how to reduce climate change / flooding and improve the mental health of the native as well as the visiting population at the same time.
    See Pavements of Funchal, Madeira
    Damage to Trees
    , 2, 3, 4. and links to pages about this problem in the table on the right.
  • the errors at the Royal Horticultural Society Garden at Wisley, so that other gardens open to the public do not make the same mistakes.
    ...RHS Mixed Borders
    ......Bedding Plants
    .........Flower Shape
    ......Her Perennials
    ......Other Plants
    .........Flower Shape
  • create a ringbinder booklet of permanent planting and the other pages on bedding, so that that garden - accessible by the public - can inform the public how the gardeners designed the planting plan and the pupils in the schools/ horticutural colleges can then attend that garden in a practical sense to learn from it and the different ways of changing the planting each year to give a different effect, so that perhaps they can start to do that to their own gardens instead of accepting the bog standard of lawn surrounded by 18 inch (45 cm) borders with no more that 15 different types of plant mostly put there by the builder or the owner getting the plants from the supermarket or garden centre at Easter.
  • even if you live in a flat in a skyscraper, you can still have a garden in your home -
    see Garden Style .
  • there are thousands of comparison pages in my over 26,000 page website - 1 of which should provide you with some help with interacting with the natural plant world even if it is only growing your own herbs on your kitchen internal window ledge.
  • I can also teach you piggle-wigging.
    The full effect can be felt during an accident, but being fully cognisant that Health and Safety Regulation 15(t) subsection 12.a para 14 clause (A.a) means that I can tell you but cannot allow you to carry out the practical - otherwise I could lose my current non-existing teaching licence as bestowed on me by the University in Holland for


Heath Pearlwort


Site design and content copyright ©April 2007. Page structure amended October 2012. Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.  

It should be remembered that links to external websites may no longer be valid after a time. If you would like to send me an email to that effect, then I may be able to correct that problem. Currently in February 2019, I have more than 1,000,000 links in this website - during 12 years many of them will now be invalid. If you google the main part of the address, you might still find that the domainstill exists and from there find the same information on a different page.


The Copyright Permissions Page detail who and what images have been allowed from those people to be shown on my website.

Nothing is bought or sold in this website - it costs me thousands of pounds a year to photograph the plants, create it, maintain it and publish it on the web. Links to external websites are produced and provided by me; to those who sell the services or plants - that I consider are good - free of commission from or to me.

"The main systems of the human body are:

  1. Circulatory system / Cardiovascular system:
    1. ◦ Circulates blood around the body via the heart, arteries and veins, delivering oxygen and nutrients to organs and cells and carrying their waste products away.
    2. ◦ Keeps the body's temperature in a safe range.
  2. Digestive system and Excretory system:
    1. ◦ System to absorb nutrients and remove waste via the gastrointestinal tract, including the mouth, esophagus, stomach and intestines.
    2. ◦ Eliminates waste from the body.
  3. 3 Endocrine system: ◦ Influences the function of the body using hormones.
  4. Integumentary system / Exocrine system:◦ Skin, hair, nails, sweat and other exocrine glands.
  5. Immune system and lymphatic system:
    1. ◦ Defends the body against pathogens that may harm the body.
    2. ◦ The system comprising a network of lymphatic vessels that carry a clear fluid called lymph.
  6. Muscular system: ◦ Enables the body to move using muscles.
  7. Nervous system: ◦ Collects and processes information from the senses via nerves and the brain and tells the muscles to contract to cause physical actions.
  8. Renal system / Urinary system ◦ The system where the kidneys filter blood to produce urine, and get rid of waste.
  9. Reproductive system: ◦ The reproductive organs required for the production of offspring.
  10. Respiratory system: ◦ Brings air into and out of the lungs to absorb oxygen and remove carbon dioxide.
  11. Skeletal System: ◦ Bones maintain the structure of the body and its organs.

" from Wikipedia.

"A mature tree has three basic parts: 1) roots, 2) crown, and 3) trunk or bole, with these functions:-

Roots -

  1. Anchoring the tree to the soil
  2. Absorbing water and minerals from the soil
  3. Storing of reserve food
  4. Preventing soil erosion

Crown -

  1. Leaves produce food for the plant
  2. Leaves help to filter dust and other particles present in the air, thus keep the air clean
  3. Leaves keep the plant cool through the loss of water by evaporation
  4. Twigs help to give rise to new plants
  5. Boughs and branches store food materials in the form of sugar that are required by the plant for their growth and metabolism
  6. Boughs and branches provide strength and support to the plant

Trunk or Bole

  1. Bark protects the delicate inside wood of the tree
  2. Cambium helps in making new cells thus allowing the tree to grow in diameter
  3. Outer bark and sapwood helps in supporting the crown and providing the tree its shape
  4. Pith and sapwood conducts water and minerals from the roots to the leaves
  5. Inner bark transports the foods prepared by the leaves to all parts of a plant
  6. Outer bark and cambium provides mechanical strength to the plant

" from ScienceFacts.net.

Function 1 - Breathing in oxygen and expelling carbon dioxide keeps humans alive.

"An average size tree produces enough oxygen in one year to keep a family of four breathing." from Nitrofil.

Roots require both oxygen and water.
Permanently saturated soil will kill the roots and the tree. It will also stop oxygen being absorbed by the roots and also kill the roots.

Compacted soil will also kill the roots since air and water cannot reach them. "On a park property that receives flood irrigation, a project manager informed me that they wait at least 5 days after an irrigation cycle to conduct any business in and around the park trees. This is a great policy to help prevent damage to the roots that rely on adequate soil oxygen to remain functional and healthy." from Integrity Tree Service. Compacted soil occurs on tarmac pavements when they are created by rollers and compactioin machines. Once that has finished then both people and vehicles compact the soil on a regular basis. The tarmac surface stops the rain, oxygen and nutrients from getting below into the soil, so once those elements have been used by the roots, then the roots will have excreted its waste products and then they will die off.

This shows the roots of a tree onthe ground surface and another where the cowded roots are girdling a tree - this girdle will then kill the tree, since eventually the sapwood will no longer go past it to the roots having been converted into dead heartwood and thus water and nutrients will not transported up the trunk

Function 2 - This uses the mouth to take in food and water, which is then digested by the digestion system, with water.

Roots absorb the nutrients dissolved in water. These then get transferred up the roots, the trunk and to the crown together with water goes up in the sapwood.

Function 2 - As the food is digested it produces nutrients for circulation round the body in the Circulatory System of Function 1.

Leaves produce food for the plant.
"The amount of photosynthesis that can occur in the leaves is directly related to the amount of water that the roots can absorb. A small root system can only support the photosynthesis of a small canopy, and roots can only grow larger if they have enough energy (sugar) provided by the leaves. In this way, the tree must balance its above ground and below ground growth. Topping a tree will stunt its growth by limiting the amount of photosynthesis that can occur in the leaves (by the way, NEVER top trees- it is very dangerous and bad for the tree). Likewise, cutting roots or restricting the roots’ growing space will limit the amount of water that can be transported to the leaves for photosynthesis." from Tree Physiology Primer.

Function 2 - When we eat too much then the excess will most likely be converted to fat and stored somewhere in the body for later use when food supply is insufficient.

The Trunk transports the food prepared by the leaves to all parts of the plant.

"It is well known that trees act as carbon sinks, taking in carbon dioxide from the air during photosynthesis and releasing the oxygen that humans breathe. While trees use carbon dioxide to make their own food, they actually need oxygen (much like humans do) to process that food into energy.
In order to use stored starch for growth, trees must convert the sugars back into energy through a process called respiration. Respiration requires oxygen. During respiration, sugar and oxygen are combined to produce energy, with water and carbon dioxide created as byproducts. The energy that is released can then be used to make new tissues. Humans do the same thing when they process stored sugars. While trees take in oxygen from their surroundings, humans breathe it in with their lungs. Just as a person who is exercising needs to breathe deeply, a tree that is actively growing needs an immediate source of oxygen." from Tree Physiology Primer.

Function 7 - The nervous system indicates if there is a problem. This is passed to the Brain, which hopefully will have a solution, which gets transmitted to the respective parts of the body to execute this solution.

If a problem occurs on a branch of a tree, that information is transmitted down the nerve system in the centre of each branch and trunk to junction between the roots and the trunk. A possible solution is then transmitted back to the affected area. We had a clump og hostas growing in a small bed shadowed by fencing. Each spring the slugs would eat the foliage. The hosta got fed up with this and sent instructions to the new leaves to produce something that the slugs would not like. Then for several years we had lovely hostas with flowers before being herbaceous they died down in the autumn. Some trees in our local park had their juvenile foliage stripped off during some springtimes by caterpillars. They got round that by producing another set of leaves once all the caterpillars had transposed. Plants can also help each other and although they do not have lightning fast nerve systems, they get along

I can further wate my time in trying to get the most stupid animal in this world to understand that it is killing itself and the world round itself with concrete, tarmac and metal.

You have the answer in

  • hemp to stop polluting the world with petrol and its air pollution,
  • building, build, building without updating the water and waste supply systems,
    not updating the transport structure to provide a moving transport system instead of it being stationary,
    stop overloading businesses so that they have to employ an accountant on a full time basis for a 1 man business with all the new requirements,
    190,000 people have contracted Covid-19 within the last week in the UK, but you get schoolgirls getting on public buses, all jammed together some with face masks, others without, eating chocolates passed them to each other, drinking pop and laughing at you if you complain. They might get it and be unaffected, but if I get it, even though I have had the 2 jabs and the booster jab, I will probaly not survive. I am going to have to have my groceries delivered and not go on the bus in the future if I am any chance of surviving in this crazy country. Despite this and taking extreme care, I still got it, and have recently recovered (April 2022).
  • by getting rid of the doctors via taxation and form-filling - 2 out the 4 surgeries in my local health centre have closed in the pandemic.



Welcome - Ivydene Gardens informs you how to design, construct and maintain your private garden using organic methods and companion planting.

About Chris
Garnons-Williams - About Chris Garnons-Williams, with my

Mission Purpose - Mission Statement,

Contact Chris
Garnons-Williams * - Contact Information,

About Ivydene Horticultural Services - Work Details,

Website Design History - Website Design History and

Copyright Permissions - Copyright Permissions.

Site Map - Ivydene Gardens Site Map



Sub Menu to each Page of this Topic of the HOME PAGES, with normally a * after Page you are viewing.
Page Menu may also have an Index (Flower Colour, Flowering Months, Height and Width) of all plants of that type in that Topic - Plant Photo Gallery.


Problems with trees in pavements in Funchal, Madeira in January/February 2018
Death of tree roots and
Death of tree trunks/branches caused by people.
Solution to problems for trees caused by people using irrigation -
Growth of Pollarded Tree in Hotel Garden in 1 year provides a water solution to this destruction.

Damage to Tree Trunks 1, 2, 3, 4 caused by people,
Damage to Tree Roots caused by people,
Area of Open Ground round trees,
New Trees in pavements 1, 2,
Irrigation of current trees,
Watersprouts on trees,
Crossing Branches in trees,
Utility Equipment with tree Foliage,
Lights on trees,
Bycycle Lane in Pavement,
Public Gardens alongside pavements,
Hotel/Private Gardens alongside pavements,
Current Permeable Pavement Surface round trees and
Irrigation and Fertilising of trees.

Camera Photo Galleries:-
Pavements of Funchal, Madeira
Damage to Trees
, 2, 3, 4.
Will visitors to Madeira worry about having branches or trees in public places fall on them? No; according to Engineer Francisco Pedro Freitas Andrade of Est. Marmeleiros, No 1, Jardins & Espaces Verdes who is Chef de Diviso Câmara Municipal do Funchal; Departamento de Ciência e de Recursos Naturais; Divisão de Jardins e Espaços Verdes Urbanos in charge of the trees within the pavements within the area controlled by Funchal Municipality -
See Monitoring of Trees in pavements in Funchal, Madeira from September 2019 to February 2010 1, 2 pages by his department.

Demise of trees in pavements in St. Peter Port, Guernsey caused by people to their Roots

Medway Proposed New School Comments in September 2019



Problems with electrical re-wire in my home, with the knowledge after the event that the client can do nothing about it, since Napid requires you to re-use the same contractor to fix the problems. Would you after reading these pages?

We wrote the
concerns about the electrical work on 21.03.21;
Questions concerning electrics on 21.03.21 and
re-wire narrative on 19.04.2021
which had no effect on the credit card company or Napid. So we commisioned the following report to see if that will make any difference.
Pages 10, 11, 12, 13 contain information concerning the condition of the electrical installation of the complete rewiring of my home by Mr Manderson of Manderson Electrical Services Ltd, with the report by a qualified electrician and this statement about the work carried out:-
"The result of my observations and testing, I am recommending that all the fixed wiring be recovered and a complete new fixed wiring installation is installed. Unfortunately the work previously carried out is of such a poor standard I cannot re-use any of it."
Mr Manderson is a Part P Registered Electrician with Napit; Registered Competent Person Electrical; Approved Electrician from Napit; City & Guilds Qualified; Part P Electrical Safety; and Honest & Transparent. His firm was employed to replace all the wiring, power sockets, light switches and lights and make sure that rodents could not attack them to chew through the cables or cause an
electrical problem.
10 lists 18 electrical faults on the new wiring, re-use of the old wiring, and old wiring that was still either in use or had been cut at the old power socket, at the old light fitting, or old light switch (the plasterers filled an old power socket metal box and short-circuited the fuse - it will be fine in 30 minutes sir; 4 hours later it was still shorting, so presumably that would explain why they switched off one of the fuses in the old fuseboard - see photo on page 15 of the report. As clients; we do appreciate having the opportunity of electrocuting ourselves from their re-wire work) where


The above was a pointless waste of time - we have now had the house completely rewired again without any recompense from the original contractor's lies, thiefery and extremely dangerous work with the government body Napit being no help at all. The unfortunate consequence of either buying a house or having anything done to it is that you the owner can and will be totally screwed by the majority of the British Workforce.
I have looked at a job of the third replacement of turf in a back garden of a new house. The back garden was clay and sloped down to the house - that house will have subsidence problems within 10 years. The only way that it might save itself is to rip up the lawn and plant shrubs that will absorb every drop of rain that falls on that garden -
you are not allowed to either drain into the storm drain of the house which is what takes the rain from the roof of the house/garage or
drain the rainwater from your garden to outside your property onto either public land or into somebody else's property.
I refused the job and told the owner to get onto the builders to rectify their error.
Since builders are repeating the same error on a massive scale in Ashford, the poor owners of new £500,000 houses are going to be upset.

Topic - Over 1060 links in this table to a topic in a topic folder or page within that folder of this website
Case Studies
...Drive Foundations
Ryegrass and turf kills plants within Roadstone and in Topsoil due to it starving and dehydrating them.
CEDAdrive creates stable drive surface and drains rain into your ground, rather than onto the public road.
8 problems caused by building house on clay or with house-wall attached to clay.
Pre-building work on polluted soil.

Companion Planting
...A ,B ,C ,D ,E ,
...F ,G ,H ,I ,J ,K ,
...L ,M ,N ,O ,P ,Q ,
...R ,S ,T ,U ,V ,W ,
...X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants
to provide a Companion Plant to aid your selected plant or deter its pests


with ground drains
Garden Design
...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed

......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants
........Flower Shape
......Camera photos of Plant supports

Glossary with a tomato teaching cauliflowers
Library of over 1000 books
Offbeat Glossary with DuLally Bird in its flower clock.

...Groundcover A,
B, C, D, E, F, G, H,
I, J, K, L, M, N, O,
P, Q, R, S, T, U, V,
...in Chalk (Alkaline) Soil A-F1, A-F2,
A-F3, G-L, M-R,
M-R Roses, S-Z
...in Heavy Clay Soil
A-F, G-L, M-R, S-Z
...in Lime-Free (Acid) Soil A-F, G-L, M-R,
...in Light Sand Soil
A-F, G-L, M-R, S-Z.
...Poisonous Plants.
...Extra Plant Pages
with its 6 Plant Selection Levels

Interaction between 2 Quartz Sand Grains to make soil
How roots of plants are in control in the soil
Without replacing Soil Nutrients, the soil will break up to only clay, sand or silt
Subsidence caused by water in Clay
Use water ring for trees/shrubs for first 2 years.

Tool Shed with 3 kneeling pads
Useful Data with benefits of Seaweed

Topic -
Plant Photo Galleries
with Plant Botanical Index

...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z

If the plant type below has flowers, then the first gallery will include the flower thumbnail in each month of 1 of 6 or 7 flower colour comparison pages of each plant in its subsidiary galleries, as a low-level Plant Selection Process
...by Flower Shape

Bulb Index
A1, 2, 3, B, C1, 2,
D, E, F, G, Glad,
H, I, J, K, L1, 2,
M, N, O, P, Q, R,
S, T, U, V, W, XYZ
...Allium/ Anemone
...Colchicum/ Crocus
...Gladiolus with its 40 Flower Colours
......European A-E
......European F-M
......European N-Z
......Eur Non-classified
......American A
......American B
......American C
......American D
......American E
......American F
......American G
......American H
......American I
......American J
......American K
......American L
......American M
......American N
......American O
......American P
......American Q
......American R
......American S
......American T
......American U
......American V
......American W
......American XYZ
......Ame Non-classified
......Australia - empty
...Hippeastrum/ Lily
...Late Summer
...Each of the above ...Bulb Galleries has its own set of Flower Colour Pages
...Flower Shape
...Bulb Form

...Bulb Use

...Bulb in Soil

Further details on bulbs from the Infill Galleries:-
Hardy Bulbs



...Forcing Lily of the Valley



...Hyacinths in Pots


...Lilium in Pots
...Narcissi in Pots



Half-Hardy Bulbs



Uses of Bulbs:-
...for Bedding
...in Windowboxes
...in Border
...naturalized in Grass
...in Bulb Frame
...in Woodland Garden
...in Rock Garden
...in Bowls
...in Alpine House
...Bulbs in Greenhouse or Stove:-




...Plant Bedding in

...Bulb houseplants flowering inside House during:-
...Bulbs and other types of plant flowering during:-
...Selection of the smaller and choicer plants for the Smallest of Gardens with plant flowering during the same 6 periods as in the previous selection

Climber in
3 Sector Vertical Plant System
Deciduous Shrub
...Shrubs - Decid
Deciduous Tree
...Trees - Decid
Evergreen Perennial
...P-Evergreen A-L
...P-Evergreen M-Z
...Flower Shape
Evergreen Shrub
...Shrubs - Evergreen
...Heather Shrub
...Heather Index
......Erica: Carnea
......Erica: Cinerea
......Erica: Others
Evergreen Tree
...Trees - Evergreen

...Diascia Photo Album,
...UK Peony Index

...P -Herbaceous
...Flower Shape
...RHS Wisley
......Mixed Border
......Other Borders
Odds and Sods

...RHS Wisley A-F
...RHS Wisley G-R
...RHS Wisley S-Z
...Rose Use - page links in row 6. Rose, RHS Wisley and Other Roses rose indices on each Rose Use page
...Other Roses A-F
...Other Roses G-R
...Other Roses S-Z
Pruning Methods
Photo Index
R 1, 2, 3
Peter Beales Roses
RV Roger

Soft Fruit
Top Fruit

Wild Flower and
Butterfly page links are in next row

Topic -
Butterflies in the UK mostly use native UK wildflowers.

Butterfly Species.

Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly Usage
of Plants.

Plant Usage by
Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and

Wild Flower
...Flower Shape and Landscape Uses

with its
flower colour page,
Site Map page in its flower colour NOTE Gallery
...Blue Note
....Scented Flower, Foliage, Root
....Story of their Common Names
....Use of Plant with Flowers
....Use for Non-Flowering Plants
....Edible Plant Parts
....Flower Legend
Flowering plants of Chalk and Limestone Page 1, Page 2
Flowering plants of Acid Soil Page 1
...Brown Botanical Names
....Food for

...Cream Common Names
....Coastal and Dunes
....Sandy Shores and Dunes
...Green Note

...Mauve Note
....Grassland - Acid, Neutral, Chalk
...Multi-Cols Note
....Heaths and Moors
...Orange Note
....Hedgerows and Verges
...Pink A-G Note
....Lakes, Canals and Rivers
...Pink H-Z Note
....Marshes, Fens,

...Purple Note
....Old Buildings and Walls
...Red Note
...White A-D Note
....Shingle Beaches, Rocks and Cliff Tops
...White E-P Note
...White Q-Z Note
....Number of Petals
...Yellow A-G Note
...Yellow H-Z Note
....Poisonous Parts
...Shrub/Tree Note
....River Banks and
other Freshwater Margins

Wildflower Plants.

You know its name, use
Wild Flower Plant Index a-h, i-p, q-z.
You know which habitat it lives in, use
Acid Soil,
(Chalk) Soil
Marine Soil,
Neutral Soil,
is a
is a
is a
Rush, or
is a
You have seen its flower, use Comparison Pages containing Wild Flower Plants and Cultivated Plants in the
Colour Wheel Gallery.

Each plant named in each of the 180 Wildflower Family Pages within their 23 Galleries may have a link to:-
1) its Plant Description Page in its Common Name column in one of those Wildflower Plant Galleries and will have links,
2) to external sites to purchase the plant or seed in its Botanical Name column,
3) to see photos in its Flowering Months column and
4) to read habitat details in its Habitat Column.

(o)Adder's Tongue
(o)Bog Myrtle
(o)Cornel (Dogwood)
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 1
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2
(o)Daisy Cudweeds
(o)Daisy Chamomiles
(o)Daisy Thistle
(o)Daisy Catsears (o)Daisy Hawkweeds
(o)Daisy Hawksbeards
(o)Dock Bistorts
(o)Dock Sorrels
(o)Filmy Fern
(o)Royal Fern
(o)Figwort - Mulleins
(o)Figwort - Speedwells
(o)Grass 1
(o)Grass 2
(o)Grass 3
(o)Grass Soft
Bromes 1

(o)Grass Soft
Bromes 2

(o)Grass Soft
Bromes 3

(o)Jacobs Ladder
(o)Lily Garlic
(o)Marsh Pennywort
(o)Melon (Gourd/Cucumber)
(o)Orchid 1
(o)Orchid 2
(o)Orchid 3
(o)Orchid 4
Clover 1

Clover 2

Clover 3

(o)Peaflower Vetches/Peas
(o)Pink 1
(o)Pink 2
Rannock Rush
(o)Rose 1
(o)Rose 2
(o)Rose 3
(o)Rose 4
(o)Rush Woodrushes
(o)Saint Johns Wort
Saltmarsh Grasses
(o)Sea Lavender
(o)Sedge Rush-like
(o)Sedges Carex 1
(o)Sedges Carex 2
(o)Sedges Carex 3
(o)Sedges Carex 4
Tassel Pondweed
(o)Thyme 1
(o)Thyme 2
(o)Umbellifer 1
(o)Umbellifer 2
(o)Water Fern
(o)Water Milfoil
(o)Water Plantain
(o)Water Starwort

Topic -
The following is a complete hierarchical Plant Selection Process

dependent on the Garden Style chosen
Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form


Topic -
Flower/Foliage Colour Wheel Galleries with number of colours as a high-level Plant Selection Process

All Flowers 53 with
...Use of Plant and
Flower Shape
- page links in bottom row

All Foliage 53
instead of redundant
...(All Foliage 212)

All Flowers
per Month 12

Bee instead of wind pollinated plants for hay-fever sufferers
All Bee-Pollinated Flowers
per Month

Rock Garden and Alpine Flowers
Rock Plant Flowers 53
A, B, C, D, E, F,
G, H, I, J, K, L,
M, NO, PQ, R, S,
...Rock Plant Photos

Flower Colour Wheel without photos, but with links to photos
12 Bloom Colours
per Month Index

...All Plants Index

Topic -
Use of Plant in your Plant Selection Process

Plant Colour Wheel Uses
1. Perfect general use soil is composed of 8.3% lime, 16.6% humus, 25% clay and 50% sand, and
2. Why you are continually losing the SOIL STRUCTURE so your soil - will revert to clay, chalk, sand or silt.
Uses of Plant and Flower Shape:-
...Foliage Only
...Other than Green Foliage
...Trees in Lawn
...Trees in Small Gardens
...Wildflower Garden
...Attract Bird
...Attract Butterfly
, 2
...Climber on House Wall
...Climber not on House Wall
...Climber in Tree
...Pollution Barrier
...Part Shade
...Full Shade
...Single Flower provides Pollen for Bees
, 2, 3
...Covering Banks
...Patio Pot
...Edging Borders
...Back of Border
...Adjacent to Water
...Bog Garden
...Tolerant of Poor Soil
...Not Fragrant
...Standard Plant is 'Ball on Stick'
...Upright Branches or Sword-shaped leaves
...Plant to Prevent Entry to Human or Animal
...Coastal Conditions
...Tolerant on North-facing Wall
...Cut Flower
...Potted Veg Outdoors
...Potted Veg Indoors
...Raised Bed Outdoors Veg
...Grow in Alkaline Soil A-F, G-L, M-R,
...Grow in Acidic Soil
...Grow in Any Soil
...Grow in Rock Garden
...Grow Bulbs Indoors

Uses of Bedding
...Bedding Out
...Filling In
...Pots and Troughs
...Window Boxes
...Hanging Baskets
...Spring Bedding
...Summer Bedding
...Winter Bedding
...Foliage instead of Flower
...Coleus Bedding Photos for use in Public Domain 1

Uses of Bulb
...Other than Only Green Foliage
...Bedding or Mass Planting
...Tolerant of Shade
...In Woodland Areas
...Tolerant of Poor Soil
...Covering Banks
...In Water
...Beside Stream or Water Garden
...Coastal Conditions
...Edging Borders
...Back of Border or Back-ground Plant
...Fragrant Flowers
...Not Fragrant Flowers

...Grow in a Patio Pot
...Grow in an Alpine Trough
...Grow in an Alpine House
...Grow in Rock Garden
...Speciman Plant
...Into Native Plant Garden
...Naturalize in Grass
...Grow in Hanging Basket
...Grow in Window-box
...Grow in Green-house
...Grow in Scree
...Naturalized Plant Area
...Grow in Cottage Garden
...Attracts Butterflies
...Attracts Bees
...Resistant to Wildlife
...Bulb in Soil:-
......Lime-Free (Acid)

Uses of Rose
Rose Index

...Bedding 1, 2
...Climber /Pillar
...Cut-Flower 1, 2
...Exhibition, Speciman
...Grow In A Container 1, 2
...Hedge 1, 2
...Climber in Tree
...Edging Borders
...Tolerant of Poor Soil 1, 2
...Tolerant of Shade
...Back of Border
...Adjacent to Water

Topic -
Camera Photo Galleries showing all 4000 x 3000 pixels of each photo on your screen that you can then click and drag it to your desktop as part of a Plant Selection Process:-

RHS Garden at Wisley

Plant Supports -
When supporting plants in a bed, it is found that not only do those plants grow upwards, but also they expand their roots and footpad sideways each year. Pages
, 2, 3, 8, 11,
12, 13,
Plants 4, 7, 10,
Bedding Plants 5,
Plant Supports for Unknown Plants 5
Clematis Climbers 6,
the RHS does not appear to either follow it's own pruning advice or advice from The Pruning of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers by George E. Brown.
ISBN 0-571-11084-3 with the plants in Pages 1-7 of this folder. You can see from looking at both these resources as to whether the pruning carried out on the remainder of the plants in Pages 7-15 was correct.

Narcissus (Daffodil) 9,
Phlox Plant Supports 14, 15

Coleus Bedding Foliage Trial - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13, 14, 15,
16, 17, 18, 19, 20,
21, 22, 23, 24, 25,
26, 27, 28, 29, 30,
31, 32, Index

National Trust Garden at Sissinghurst Castle
Plant Supports -
Pages for Gallery 1

with Plant Supports
1, 5, 10
2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9,
11, 12
Recommended Rose Pruning Methods 13
Pages for Gallery 2
with Plant Supports
Plants 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

Dry Garden of
RHS Garden at
Hyde Hall

Plants - Pages
without Plant Supports
Plants 1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

Nursery of
Peter Beales Roses
Display Garden

Roses Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13

Nursery of
RV Roger

Roses - Pages
V76,Z77, 78,

Damage by Plants in Chilham Village - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4

Pavements of Funchal, Madeira
Damage to Trees - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13
for trees 1-54,
14, 15,
16, 17, 18, 19, 20,
21, 22, 23, 24, 25,
for trees 55-95,
26, 27, 28, 29, 30,
31, 32, 33, 34, 35,
36, 37,
for trees 95-133,
38, 39, 40,
41, 42, 43, 44, 45,
for trees 133-166

Chris Garnons-Williams
Work Done - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13

Identity of Plants
Label Problems - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,

Ron and Christine Foord - 1036 photos only inserted so far - Garden Flowers - Start Page of each Gallery
AB1 ,AN14,BA27,

Plant with Photo Index of Ivydene Gardens - 1187
A 1, 2, Photos - 43
B 1, Photos - 13
C 1, Photos - 35
D 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7,
Photos - 411
with Plants causing damage to buildings in Chilham Village and Damage to Trees in Pavements of Funchal
E 1, Photos - 21
F 1, Photos - 1
G 1, Photos - 5
H 1, Photos - 21
I 1, Photos - 8
J 1, Photos - 1
K 1, Photos - 1
L 1, Photos - 85
with Label Problems
M 1, Photos - 9
N 1, Photos - 12
O 1, Photos - 5
P 1, Photos - 54
Q 1, Photos -
R 1, 2, 3,
Photos - 229
S 1, Photos - 111
T 1, Photos - 13
U 1, Photos - 5
V 1, Photos - 4
W 1, Photos - 100
with Work Done by Chris Garnons-Williams
X 1 Photos -
Y 1, Photos -
Z 1 Photos -
Articles/Items in Ivydene Gardens - 88
Flower Colour, Num of Petals, Shape and
Plant Use of:-
Rock Garden
within linked page



Topic -
Fragrant Plants as a Plant Selection Process for your sense of smell:-

Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an Acid Soil
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers
, 2, 3
Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves
, 2
Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers
, 2, 3, 4, 5
Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit
, 2, 3
Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers
, 2
Night-scented Flowering Plants
, 2

Topic -
Website User Guidelines

My Gas Service Engineer found Flow and Return pipes incorrectly positioned on gas boilers and customers had refused to have positioning corrected in 2020.

More Details

Cultural Needs of Plants
from Chapter 4 in Fern Grower's Manual by Barbara Joe Hoshizaki & Robbin C. Moran. Revised and Expanded Edition. Published in 2001 by Timber Press, Inc. Reprinted 2002, 2006. ISBN-13:978-0-

"Understanding Fern Needs
Ferns have the same basic growing requirements as other plants and will thrive when these are met. There is nothing mysterious about the requirements - they are not something known only to people with green thumbs - but the best gardeners are those who understand plant requirements and are careful about satisfying them.
What, then, does a fern need?

All plants need water.
Water in the soil prevents roots from drying, and all mineral nutrients taken up by the roots must be dissolved in the soil water. Besides water in the soil, most plants need water in the air. Adequate humidity keeps the plant from drying out. Leaves need water for photosynthesis and to keep from wilting.
All green plants need light to manufacture food (sugars) by photosynthesis. Some plants need more light than others, and some can flourish in sun or shade. Most ferns, however, prefer some amount of shade.
For photosynthesis, plants require carbon dioxide, a gas that is exhaled by animals as waste. Carbon dioxide diffuses into plants through tiny pores, called stomata, that abound on the lower surface of the leaves. In the leaf, carbon dioxide is combined with the hydrogen from water to form carbohydrates, the plant's food. This process takes place only in the presence of light and chlorophyll, a green pigment found in plant cells. To enhance growth, some commercial growers increase the carbon dioxide level in their greenhouses to 600ppm (parts per million), or twice the amount typically found in the air.
Plants need oxygen. The green plants of a plant do not require much oxygen from the air because plants produce more oxygen by photosynthesis than they use. The excess oxygen liberated from the plants is used by all animals, including humans. What do plants do with oxygen? They use it just as we do, to release the energy stored in food. We use energy to move about, to talk, to grow, to think - in fact, for all our life processes. Although plants don't talk or move much, they do grow and metabolize and must carry on all their life processes using oxygen to release the stored energy in their food.
Roots need air all the time. They get it from the air spaces between the soil particles. Overwatering displaces the air between soil particles with water, thereby removing the oxygen needed by the roots. This reduces the root's ability to absorb mineral nutrients and can foster root-rot.
Plants need minerals to grow properly. The minerals are mined from the soil by the plant's root system. If a certain mineral is missing, such as calcium needed for developing cell walls, then the plant will be stunted, discoloured, or deformed.
Some plants tolerate a wide range of temperatures, whereas others are fussy. If the temperature is too high or low, the machinery of the plant will not operate satisfactorily or will cease entirely.

The basic needs of plants are not hard to supply, but growing success depends on attending to these needs with care and exactitude. The remainder of this chapter is devoted to a discussion of these requirements, with the exception of mineral needs, which are discussed in Chapter 5."


It is worth remembering that especially with roses that the colour of the petals of the flower may change - The following photos are of Rosa 'Lincolnshire Poacher' which I took on the same day in R.V. Roger's Nursery Field:-


Closed Bud


Opening Bud


Juvenile Flower


Older Juvenile Flower


Middle-aged Flower - Flower Colour in Season in its
Rose Description Page is
"Buff Yellow, with a very slight pink tint at the edges in May-October."


Mature Flower


Juvenile Flower and Dying Flower


Form of Rose Bush

There are 720 roses in the Rose Galleries; many of which have the above series of pictures in their respective Rose Description Page.

So one might avoid the disappointment that the 2 elephants had when their trunks were entwined instead of them each carrying their trunk using their own trunk, and your disappointment of buying a rose to discover that the colour you bought it for is only the case when it has its juvenile flowers; if you look at all the photos of the roses in the respective Rose Description Page!!!!


There are 180 families in the Wildflowers of the UK and they have been split up into 22 Galleries to allow space for up to 100 plants per gallery.

Each plant named in each of the Wildflower Family Pages may have a link to:-

its Plant Description Page in its Common Name in one of those Wildflower Plant Galleries

and it does have links:-

to external sites to purchase the plant or seed in its Botanical Name,

to see photos in its Flowering Months and

to read habitat details in its Habitat Column.


Links to external websites like the link to "the Man walking in front of car to warn pedestrians of a horseless vehicle approaching" would be correct when I inserted it after March 2007, but it is possible that those horseless vehicles may now exceed the walking pace of that man and thus that link will currently be br
ok en .... .....

My advice is Google the name on the link and see if you can find the new link. If you sent me an email after clicking Ivydene Horticultural Services text under the Worm Logo on any page, then; as the first after March 2010 you would be the third emailer since 2007, I could then change that link in that 1 of the 15,743 pages. Currently (August 2016).

Other websites provide you with cookies - I am sorry but I am too poor to afford them. If I save the pennies from my pension for the next visitor, I am almost certain in March 2023, that I could afford to make that 4th visitor to this website a Never Fail Cake. I would then be able to save for more years for the postage.