Ivydene Gardens Heather Evergreen Shrub Index
Gallery:
Erica carnea Cultivars Index Page 1 of 2

 

Species: Erica carnea:-

 

"Erica carnea : winter heath, mountain heath - synonym: Erica herbacea
Low shrub to 0.3m tall, branches creeping, often rooting. Leaves in whorls of 4, to 8mm long. Flowers 2–3 in axillary clusters on short side-shoots; calyx 4-lobed, waxy, thicker in texture than corolla, coloured (usually similar to that of corolla); corolla lavender-mauve to pink, often becoming darker with age, or white, to 9mm long, ovoid-tubular; stamens 8, emergent; anthers without spurs; style-end not enlarged; nectar profuse.
Blooms in late winter and spring.
Low-growing heath from the alpine regions of Europe. The flowering times of cultivars of Erica carnea vary markedly, plants in milder climates being as much as two months earlier than those in colder conditions. Generally, they can be expected to show flower for 6-8 weeks. Winter heath tolerates lime and a little shade and, with a few exceptions, rarely requires pruning. It is one of the hardiest of all heaths, suitable for hardiness zone 4.
Care must be taken when pruning Erica carnea because buds for the next year's flowers form as early as July. It is safest to prune immediately after the flowers have faded. Prune around the edges and very lightly over the top of the plant.

Closely related to Irish heath (Erica erigena).

  • Erica carnea f. alba : corolla pure white.
  • Erica carnea f. aureifolia : foliage golden or yellow.
  • Erica carnea f. carnea : corolla various shades of pink, not pure white. " from The Heather Society.

 

"One of the hardiest of all heaths and very easy to grow in almost any soil. All exhibit a dwarf carpeting habit and with few exceptions, rarely require pruning. Care must be taken when pruning as Erica carnea buds as early as July. It is safer to prune immediately after the flowers have faded. Prune around the edges and very lightly over the top of the plant.
The flowering times of Erica carnea vary markedly, plants in milder climates being as much as 2 months earlier than those in colder conditions. Generally they can be expected to show flower for 6-8 weeks within the time span stated." from The Handy Guide to Heathers by David and Anne Small.

 

"Prep the soil. Heaths and heathers are acid lovers, preferring a soil pH of 4.5-5.5. Although some heaths are more tolerant of alkaline soil, particularly Irish heath (Erica erigena), most types will struggle. Work in damp peat moss or other acidic soil amendments, particularly if your soil is pH neutral (6.5-7.5). Till or loosen the soil and dig holes twice as wide as each plant's root ball to encourage roots to spread.
Provide drainage. Without good drainage, these plants just won't grow. For clay soil (which provides neither the right pH nor proper drainage), build a raised bed with equal parts topsoil, sand, and composted bark or peat moss, which will create acidic soil that properly drains. For boggy soil (which may be the right pH but too wet), make a modest
berm." from Better Homes and Gardens in America.

 

"Erica carnea is one of the hardiest of heathers.  Provides good winter color with its long blooming season.  Established plants need little care.  When spaced properly, they form a carpet for a good ground cover.  Plants can be sheared lightly after flowers fade but not any later as flower buds are formed during the summer.  Annual light shearing, especially while plants are young, makes for a bushier plant that does not form a bare, woody center with age.  Most carneas are prostrate in habit and grow quickly.  These are excellent for rock gardens, slopes and drifts of much needed winter color.  New tip growth is often cream colored.  Erica carnea are some of the easiest heathers to grow and thrive in almost any soil.  Any winter damaged stems can be pruned in spring.  Grows in Zone 3 if good snow cover but won’t catch much blooming under the snow.
Hardy to Zone 4  (-30 degrees) with protection and warmer." from Heaths and Heathers.

 

Heather Evergreen Shrub Cultivar or Hybrid Name
with link to its Description Page

Erica carnea
f carnea
'Adrienne Duncan'

Erica carnea
f aureifolia
'Aztec Gold'

Erica carnea
'Ann Sparkes'

Erica carnea
'Margery Frearson'

Erica carnea
'Alan Coates'

Erica carnea
'James Backhouse'
in this Gallery
and
in the Erica carnea Gallery

Erica carnea
'C. J. Backhouse'

 

 

Flower Bud

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Photo from
 

Ericacarneaaztecgoldflobudgarnonswilliams

Photo from
October 2014

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Photo from
 

Ericacarneamargeryfrearsonflobudgarnonswilliams

Photo from
January 2015

Ericacarneaalancoatesflobudgarnonswilliams

Photo from
January 2015

Ericacarneajamesbackhouseflobudgarnonswilliams

Photo from
January 2015

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Flower Bud Stalk

ericacarneaadrienneduncanMG3877

Photo from
 

Ericacarneaaztecgoldflobudstalkgarnonswilliams

Photo from
October 2014

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Ericacarneamargeryfrearsonflobudstalkgarnonswilliams

Photo from
January 2015

Ericacarneaalancoatesflobudstalkgarnonswilliams

Photo from
January 2015

Ericacarneajamesbackhouseflobudstalkgarnonswilliams

Photo of buds with flowers below from
January 2015

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Flower and Flower Colour
with link to its
Flower Colour Page

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Heliotrope - H12

Photo from
 

Ericacarneaaztecgoldflogarnonswilliams

Shell Pink - H16
flowers darken to
Heliotrope - H12

Photo from
January 2015
with Photos of the Heliotrope flowers below from March 2015

Ericacarneaannsparkesflo2garnonswilliams

Rose Pink - H7 flowers darken to
Heliotrope - H12

Photo from
February 2015

Ericacarneamargeryfrearsonflogarnonswilliams

Lilac-Pink - H11

Photo from
January 2015

Ericacarneaalancoatesflogarnonswilliams

Heliotrope - H12

Photo from
January 2015

Ericacarneajamesbackhouseflogarnonswilliams

Lavender - H3

Photo from
January 2015

Ericacarneacjbackhouseflogarnonswilliams

Lavender - H3

Photo from
January 2015

 

 

Flower Stalk

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Photo of flower stalk from
 

Ericacarneaaztecgoldflostalkgarnonswilliams

Photo of flower stalk from
January 2015

Ericacarneaannsparkesflostalkgarnonswilliams

Photo of flower stalk from
February 2015

Ericacarneamargeryfrearsonflostalkgarnonswilliams

Photo from
January 2015

Ericacarneaalancoatesflostalkgarnonswilliams

Photo from
January 2015

Ericacarneajamesbackhouseflostalkgarnonswilliams

Photo from
January 2015

Ericacarneacjbackhouseflostalkgarnonswilliams

Photo from
January 2015

 

 

Flowers

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Photo of flowers from
 

Ericacarneaaztecgoldflosgarnonswilliams

Photo of flowers from
January 2015

Ericacarneaannsparkesflosgarnonswilliams

Photo of flowers from
February 2015

Ericacarneamargeryfrearsonflosgarnonswilliams

Photo of Flowers from
January 2015

Ericacarneaalancoatesflosgarnonswilliams

Photo from
January 2015

Ericacarneajamesbackhouseflosgarnonswilliams

Photo from
January 2015

Ericacarneacjbackhouseflosgarnonswilliams

Photo from
January 2015

 

 

Seed

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ericacarneajamesbackhouseIMG2294

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Seedhead

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Flowering Months with link to its Flowering Month Page

January,
February,
March,
April

January,
February,
March,
April

February,
March,
April,
May

January,
February,
March

February,
March

March,
April

March,
April

 

 

Height x Spread in inches (cms) (1 inch = 2.5 cms, 12" = 1 foot = 30 cms)
and Comment

6 x 14 (15 x 35)

Heliotrope (H12) flowers, I–IV; dark green foliage with a tinge of bronze hue; vigorous; height 10–15cm; spread 31–45cm. Has a longer flowering period than ‘Vivellii’ which it resembles. Seedling found at Blairgowrie (Perthshire, Scotland) by Jack Stitt and named after Lady Duncan of Jordanstoun.

Recommended by
The Heather Society

8 x 14 (20 x 35)

Shell-pink (H16) flowers darken to heliotrope (H12), I–IV; golden yellow foliage in summer, turning deep gold with orange and bronze tints in winter; bushy compact habit; height 20cm; spread 35cm.

6 x 10 (15 x 25)

The flowers, February-May, open Rose Pink - H7 and darken to Heliotrope - H12. The orange foliage turns crimson under cold stress with bronze tips during the rest of the year. Distinctive. Recommended by the Heather Society.

6 x 18 (15 x 45)

Lilac-Pink (H11) flowers, January-March, with green foliage in summer turning a yellow-bronze in winter.

6 x 12 (15 x 30)

Heliotrope (H12) flowers, February-March, with dark green foliage

6 x 16 (15 x 40)

Lavender (H3) flowers, March-April, with Mid Green Foliage. Loose straggly habit.

6 x 12 (15 x 30)

Pale Lavender (H3) flowers, March-April, with mid green foliage. Moderate spreader.

 

Fol-iage Stalk Col-our

Spring
with link to its
Spring Foliage Colour Page

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Dark Green foliage with a tinge of bronze hue

Photo from
 

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Golden yellow foliage in summer, turning deep gold with orange and bronze tints in winter

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Summer with link to its
Summer Foliage Colour Page

Ericacarneaadrienneduncanfolsumkavanagh

Dark Green foliage with a tinge of bronze hue

Photo of seeds and foliage from
July 2013

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Golden yellow foliage in summer, turning deep gold with orange and bronze tints in winter

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Autumn with link to its
Autumn Foliage Colour Page

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Dark Green foliage with a tinge of bronze hue

Photo from
 

Ericacarneaaztecgoldfolautgarnonswilliams

Golden yellow foliage in summer, turning deep gold with orange and bronze tints in winter

Photo from
October 2014

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Winter
with link to its
Winter Foliage Colour Page

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Dark Green foliage with a tinge of bronze hue

Photo from
 

Ericacarneaaztecgoldfolwingarnonswilliams

Golden yellow foliage in summer, turning deep gold with orange and bronze tints in winter

Photo from
January 2015

Ericacarneaannsparkesfolwingarnonswilliams

Orange foliage turned Crimson foliage under cold stress

Photo from
February 2015

Ericacarneamargeryfrearsonfolwingarnonswilliams

Green foliage in summer turning a yellow-bronze in winter.

Photo from
January 2015

Ericacarneaalancoatesfolwingarnonswilliams

Dark Green foliage

Photo from
January 2015

Ericacarneajamesbackhousefolwingarnonswilliams

Mid Green foliage

Photo from
January 2015

Ericacarneacjbackhousefolwingarnonswilliams

Mid Green foliage

Photo from
January 2015

 

Form dis-plays Over-all Fol-iage Col-our

Spring form
with link to supplier in the UK.

Email John Hall Plants for availability of more than 1000 heather cultivars or see further nursery list below.

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Photo of form from
 

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Forest Edge Nurseries - a wholesale business

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Highland Heathers and
Burncoose Nurseries

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Triscombe Nurseries

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Summer form with link to supplier in Europe

Heather's Heide online shop from Holland is closed on Sunday

Ericacarneaadrienneduncanforsumkavanagh

Heather's Heide

Photo of form from
July 2013

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Heather's Heide

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Heather's Heide

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Heather's Heide

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Heather's Heide and
Esveld

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Heather's Heide

 

Autumn form with link to supplier in USA

Ericacarneaadrienneduncanforautkavanagh

Heaths and Heathers

Photo of form of flower buds and foliage from
October 2014

Ericacarneaaztecgoldforautgarnonswilliams

Heaths and Heathers

Photo of form of flower buds and foliage from
October 2014

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Heaths and Heathers

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Heaths and Heathers

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Heaths and Heathers

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Heaths and Heathers

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Winter form
with link to supplier in Canada

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Photo of form from
 

Ericacarneaaztecgoldforwingarnonswilliams

Photo of form of flower buds, flowers and foliage from
January 2015

Ericacarneaannsparkesforwingarnonswilliams

Bunchberry Nurseries

Photo of form of flowers with orange foliage turned crimson in the cold from
February 2015

Ericacarneamargeryfrearsonforwingarnonswilliams

Photo from
January 2015

Ericacarneaalancoatesforwingarnonswilliams

Photo from
January 2015

Ericacarneajamesbackhouseforwingarnonswilliams

Photo from
January 2015

Ericacarneacjbackhouseforwingarnonswilliams

Photo from
January 2015

 

 

Flower

 

Ericacarneaaztecgoldflo2garnonswilliams

Shell Pink - H16
flowers darken to
Heliotrope - H12

Photo from
March 2015

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Flower Stalk

 

Ericacarneaaztecgoldflostalk2garnonswilliams

Photo of flower stalk from
March 2015

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Form

 

Ericacarneaaztecgoldforsprgarnonswilliams

Photo of form of flowers and foliage from
March 2015

 

 

 

 

 

 

"Anyone during the summer months, who has walked over the moor lands throughout the British Isles will appreciate the magnificent mass of colour provided by Heathers. Heathers are native to not only the British Isles, but also much of mainland Europe to northern Italy and as far north as Iceland. Due to seed of our native Calluna vulgaris (Scotch Heather) being accidentally introduced on packaging materials, it has also become naturalised in parts of Nova Scotia and Eastern Canada.

We had better point out that there are more heather species (Erica) in South Africa than anywhere else in the world. Many of these have been introduced and sold as pot grown house plants, which if after flowering they are planted out in the garden, then they will die during the winter months. So do make sure the heather you are purchasing is hardy enough to be grown outdoors in the garden.

Most of the heathers require a fertile, moist, but not waterlogged, acid soil. By incorporating plenty of composted bark, or peat, we grow them quite successfully in a sandy loam of Ph6.5, which is almost neutral. If you garden on soils with a high lime content, it is better to create beds raised 15/20cm above your normal soil level and infill this with half and half JI 3 compost and composted bark, or peat. Heathers can also be grown in tubs, or troughs, but Calluna’s and Erica cinerea hate hot feet, but both species like an open sunny site and will not produce so many flowers if grown in dense shade. The winter flowering heather, Erica carnea, is a mountain plant consequently it will tolerate drier soils and warmer sites and will grow in fertile soils of PH7 with less bark, or peat being used.

FLOWERING TIMES
Erica carnea is a superb winter flowering, dwarf evergreen shrub. Over 130 named forms have been introduced varying in size, foliage and flower colour. Flowering time is usually from December to March when there is little else in flower.

Erica erigena is a strong growing shrub, which will attain between 75 cm and 2 metres and flowers during April and May. It has sported a number of foliage and flower cultivars, but they will not tolerate wet feet and exposed sites, but the hybrids between this species and Erica carnea are named Erica x darleyensis and these - although almost as tough as Erica carnea - are much stronger growers growing between 45 and 70cms in height. The x darleyensis cultivars produce flowers from white through to dark amethyst - all flower from December to May.

The tree heather, Erica arborea forms a small tree in Southern Europe where its roots are used to make briar pipes, but it is very tender. However, the variety alpina has been growing in our nursery showground for many years where - if left to its own devices - would attain 2-3 metres in height. It is massed with honey scented white flowers in April-May.

Erica cinerea is a superb low growing shrub which, according to cultivar, is massed with flowers of varying colours from June to September. Daboecia cantabrica also flowers at this time with attractive urn shaped flowers. The sub species scotica is lower growing and freer flowering.

Although there is only one species in Calluna vulgaris; over 600 named cultivars have been introduced, varying from dwarfs of 7cms to those which attain 60cms and with foliage of green, silver, or yellow. The flowers also vary from white to beetroot-red and appear from late June to September. Erica vagans, the Cornish Heath brings the season to a close; its stiff, upright branches produce masses of white, lavender, or pink flowers in September-October.

PRUNING
All of the summer flowering heathers can be pruned after flowering, or the brown seed heads left on until April. Erica arborea alpina and the x darleyensis hybrids can if room allows, be left to their own devices. If room is restricted they can be pruned over as soon as their flowers have faded.

" from Goscote Nurseries.

 

Heather Evergreen Shrub Cultivar or Hybrid Name
with link to its Description Page

Erica carnea
'Atrorubra'

Erica carnea
'Christine Fletcher'

Erica carnea
'Clare Wilkinson'

Erica carnea
'David's Seedling'

Erica carnea
'Early Red'

Erica carnea
f. aureifolia
'Foxhollow'

Erica carnea
'Gelber Findling'

 

 

Flower Bud

item2g1a42b

Photo from
 

Ericacarneachristinefletcherflobudgarnonswilliams

Photo from
January 2015

Ericacarneaclarewilkinsonflobudgarnonswilliams

Photo of Juvenile Buds from
November 2014

ericacarneadavidsseedlingIMG2076b

Ericacarneaearlyredflobudgarnonswilliams

Photo of Flower Buds from
October 2014

Ericacarneafoxhollowflobudgarnonswilliams

Photo of Flower Buds from
27 February 2015

Ericacarneagelberfindlingflobudgarnonswilliams

Photo of flower bud from
2 January 2015

 

 

Flower Bud Stalk

Ericacarneaatrorubraflobudstalkgarnonswilliams

Photo from
February 2015

Ericacarneachristinefletcherflobudstalkgarnonswilliams

Photo from
January 2015

Ericacarneaclarewilkinsonflobudstalkgarnonswilliams

Photo of Maturing Buds from
October 2014

Ericacarneadavidsseedlingflobudstalkgarnonswilliams

Photo of Flower Buds and Flowers on the same stalk from
October 2014

Ericacarneaearlyredflobudstalkgarnonswilliams

Photo of Flower Buds on a stalk from
October 2014

Ericacarneafoxhollowflobudstalkgarnonswilliams

Photo of Flower Buds on stalks from
27 February 2015

Ericacarneagelberfindlingflobudstalkgarnonswilliams

Photo of flower buds and flowers from
2 January 2015

 

 

Flower and Flower Colour
with link to its
Flower Colour Page

Ericacarneaatrorubraflogarnonswilliams

Deep Pink - H8

Photo from
February 2015
 

Ericacarneachristinefletcherflogarnonswilliams

Open Shell Pink - H16 and darken through the season to Heliotrope - H12

Photo from
February 2015

Ericacarneaclarewilkinsonflogarnonswilliams

Shell Pink - H16

Photo from
January 2015

See below for change of flower colour in April

Ericacarneadavidsseedlingflo1garnonswilliams

Open Pink - H8 and darken to Heliotrope - H12 with time

Photo from
January 2015

See below for darkened flower colour with time with its photo taken on the same day

Ericacarneaearlyredflo1garnonswilliams

Pale Lilac Pink - H11

Photo from
January 2015

See below for change of flower colour in April

Ericacarneafoxhollowflo1garnonswilliams

Heliotrope - H12 to Shell Pink - H16 flowers, depending on ther exposure to the sun

Photo from
14 March 2015

See below for other flower colour

Ericacarneagelberfindlingflo1garnonswilliams

Pink - H8

Photo from
14 March 2015

See below for change from Lilac Pink flower colour in January to Pink of March

 

 

Flower Stalk

Ericacarneaatrorubraflostalkgarnonswilliams

Photo of flower stalk from
February 2015
 

Ericacarneachristinefletcherflostalkgarnonswilliams

Photo of flower stalk from
February 2015

Ericacarneaclarewilkinsonflostalkgarnonswilliams

Photo of flower stalk from
January 2015

Ericacarneadavidsseedlingflostalk1garnonswilliams

Photo of flower stalk from
January 2015

Ericacarneaearlyredflostalk1garnonswilliams

Photo of flower stalk from
January 2015

Ericacarneafoxhollowflostalkgarnonswilliams

Photo of flower stalks with change of flower colour from
14 March 2015

Ericacarneagelberfindlingflostalk1garnonswilliams

Photo of flower stalk from
14 March 2015

 

 

Flowers

Ericacarneaatrorubraflosgarnonswilliams

Photo of flowers from
February 2015
 

Ericacarneachristinefletcherflosgarnonswilliams

Photo of flowers from February 2015

Ericacarneaclarewilkinsonflosgarnonswilliams

Photo of flowers from
January 2015

Ericacarneadavidsseedlingflos1garnonswilliams

Photo of flowers and buds with dead pine needles from
January 2015

Ericacarneaearlyredflosgarnonswilliams

Photo of flowers with dead pine needles from
January 2015

Ericacarneafoxhollowflosgarnonswilliams

Photo of the different colours of these flowers with dead pine needles and dead deciduous tree leaves from
14 March 2015

Ericacarneagelberfindlingflosgarnonswilliams

Photo of flowers from
14 March 2015

 

 

Seed

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Seedhead

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Flowering Months

January,
February,
March,
April,
May

March,
April

January,
February,
March,
April,
May

December,
January
,
February,
March,
April,
May

October,
November,
December
,
January
,
February,
March

January,
February,
March,
April

January,
February,
March

 

 

Height x Spread in inches (cms) (1 inch = 2.5 cms, 12" = 1 foot = 30 cms)
and Comment

6 x 16 (15 x 40)

Deep Pink (H8) flowers, January-May, with mid green foliage.

6 x 22 (15 x 55)

The flowers, March-April, open Shell Pink (H16) and darken through the season to Heliotrope (H12). Dark Green foliage. Moderate spreader.

6 x 14 (15 x 35)

Long racemes of Shell Pink (H16) flowers, January-May, with mid green foliage. Free flowering. Vigorous trailing habit.

6 x 20 (15 x 50)

The flowers, December-May, open Pink (H8) and darken to Heliotrope (H12) with time. Mid green foliage. A good floriferous cultivar.

6 x 16 (15 x 40)

Pale Lilac Pink (H11) flowers, October-March, with dark green foliage. Spreading habit.

6 x 16 (15 x 40)

Heliotrope (H12) to Shell Pink (H16) flowers, depending on the exposure to the sun, January-April, with yellow foliage tipped bronze for most of the year, which deepens to orange/red in very cold weather. Sparse flowers but outstanding foliage. Heather Society recommended.

6 x 10 (10-15 x 21-25)

Pink (H8) Flowers, January-March, orange-green foliage and shoots tipped yellow in summer, compact, height 10-15cm, spread 21-25cm in habit similar to 'Lesley Sparkes', which has greener foliage. Chance seedling found in his garden by Fritz Kircher (Hamburg, Germany)

 

Fol-iage Stalk Col-our

Spring
with link to its
Spring Foliage Colour Page

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Mid Green

Photo from
 

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Ericacarneaclarewilkinsonfolsprgarnonswilliams

Mid Green

Photo from
April 2015

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Ericacarneaearlyredfolsprgarnonswilliams

Dark Green

Photo from
April 2015

Ericacarneafoxhollowfolsprgarnonswilliams

Yellow

Yellow foliage tipped bronze for most of the year, which deepens to orange/red in very cold weather. See yellow foliage below.
Photo from
14 March 2015

Ericacarneagelberfindlingfolsprgarnonswilliams

Orange-green foliage and shoots tipped yellow in summer

Photo from
14 March 2015

 

Summer with link to its
Summer Foliage Colour Page

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Mid Green

Photo from
 

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Mid Green

Photo from
 

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Orange-green foliage and shoots tipped yellow in summer

 

Autumn with link to its
Autumn Foliage Colour Page

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Mid Green

Photo from
 

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Mid Green

Photo from
 

Ericacarneadavidsseedlingfolautgarnonswilliams

Mid Green

Photo from
October 2014

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ericacarneagelberfindlingIMG0625

Orange-green foliage and shoots tipped yellow in summer

 

Winter
with link to its
Winter Foliage Colour Page

Ericacarneaatrorubrafolwingarnonswilliams

Mid Green

Photo from
February 2015
 

Ericacarneachristinefletcherfolwingarnonswilliams

Dark Green

Photo from
January 2015

Ericacarneaclarewilkinsonfolwingarnonswilliams

Mid Green

Photo from
January 2015

Ericacarneadavidsseedlingfolwingarnonswilliams

Mid Green

Photo from
January 2015

Ericacarneaearlyredfolwingarnonswilliams

Dark Green

Photo from
January 2015

Ericacarneafoxhollowfolwingarnonswilliams

Orange/Red

Yellow foliage tipped bronze for most of the year, which deepens to orange/red in very cold weather

Photo from
27 February 2015

Ericacarneagelberfindlingfolwingarnonswilliams

Orange-green foliage and shoots tipped yellow in summer

Photo from
2 January 2015

 

Form dis-plays Over-all Fol-iage Col-our

Spring form
with link to supplier in the UK.

Email John Hall Plants for availability of more than 1000 heather cultivars or see further nursery list above.

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Photo of form from
 

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Ericacarneaclarewilkinsonforsprgarnonswilliams

 

Photo of form with flowers from
April 2015

See below for change of flower colour in April from January 2015

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Email John Hall Plants for availability

Photo

Ericacarneaearlyredforspr2garnonswilliams

Email John Hall Plants for availability

Photo of form with flowers and dead deciduous tree leaves from
April 2015

Ericacarneafoxhollowforsprgarnonswilliams

Highland Heathers or
Email John Hall Plants for availability

Photo of form with flowers and dead deciduous tree leaves and dead pine needles from
14 March 2015

Ericacarneagelberfindlingforsprgarnonswilliams

Email John Hall Plants for availability

Photo of form with flowers and dead deciduous tree leaves from
14 March 2015

 

Summer form with link to supplier in Europe

Heather's Heide online shop from Holland is closed on Sunday

item2g1a71b

Heather's Heide

Photo of form from
 

item2g1a73a

Heather's Heide

Photo of form from
 

item2g1a72a

Heather's Heide

Photo of form from

item2g1a74a

Heather's Heide

Photo of form from

item2g1a75a

Heather's Heide

Photo of form from

item2g1a76a

Heather's Heide

Photo of form from

item2g1a77a

Heather's Heide

 

Autumn form with link to supplier in USA

item2g1a78b

Heaths and Heathers

Photo of form from
 

item2g1a79a

Heaths and Heathers

Photo of form from

Ericacarneaclarewilkinsonforautgarnonswilliams

Heaths and Heathers

Photo of form with flower buds from
November 2014

Ericacarneadavidsseedlingforautgarnonswilliams

Heaths and Heathers

Photo of form with flower buds from
October 2014

Ericacarneaearlyredforautgarnonswilliams

Heaths and Heathers

Photo of form with flower buds from
October 2014

item2g1a83a

Heaths and Heathers

item2g1a84a

 

Winter form
with link to supplier in Canada

Ericacarneaatrorubraforwingarnonswilliams

Photo of form with flowers from
February 2015

Ericacarneachristinefletcherforwingarnonswilliams

Photo of form with flowers from
February 2015

Ericacarneaclarewilkinsonforwingarnonswilliams

Photo of form with flower buds and flowers from
January 2015

See above and below for change of flower colour in April 2015

Ericacarneadavidsseedlingforwingarnonswilliams

Photo of form with flower buds and flowers from
January 2015

Ericacarneaearlyredforwingarnonswilliams

Photo of form with flower buds and flowers from
January 2015

Ericacarneafoxhollowforwingarnonswilliams

Bunchberry Nurseries

Photo of form with flowers, dead deciduous tree leaves and dead pine needles from
27 February 2015

Ericacarneagelberfindlingforwingarnonswilliams

 

Photo of form with flower buds and flowers, with dead deciduous tree leaves from
2 January 2015

 

 

Flower

 

 

Ericacarneaclarewilkinsonflo2garnonswilliams

Photo of flower from
April 2015

Ericacarneadavidsseedlingflo2garnonswilliams

Open Pink - H8 and darken to Heliotrope - H12 with time

Photo from
January 2015

Ericacarneaearlyredflo2garnonswilliams

The Pale Lilac Pink - H11 flower colour has changed to this colour in April 2015

Ericacarneafoxhollowflo2garnonswilliams

Photo of flower from
27 February 2015

Ericacarneagelberfindlingflo2garnonswilliams

Photo of Lilac Pink flower from
2 January 2015

 

 

Flower Stalk

 

 

Ericacarneaclarewilkinsonflostalk2garnonswilliams

Photo of flower stalk from
April 2015

Ericacarneadavidsseedlingflostalk2garnonswilliams

Photo of flower stalk from
January 2015

Ericacarneaearlyredflostalk2garnonswilliams

Photo of flower stalk from
April 2015

Ericacarneafoxhollowfolspr2garnonswilliams

Photo of Yellow foliage tipped bronze for most of the year, which deepens to orange/red in very cold weather from
25 April 2015

Ericacarneagelberfindlingflostalk2garnonswilliams

Photo of flower stalk from
2 January 2015

 

 

Form

 

 

Ericacarneaclarewilkinsonforspr2garnonswilliams

Photo of form with flowers from same clump as in January but this photo was taken in April

 

Ericacarneaearlyredforsprgarnonswilliams

Photo of form with flowers from different clump as in January but this photo was taken in April

item2g1a55a3

Ericacarneagelberfindlingforwin2garnonswilliams

Photo of form with flower buds, flowers and dead deciduous tree leaves from
2 January 2015

 

Depending on which heather species you choose with their 1 from the official 18 heather colours in the top menu, you can have flowers throughout the year, which is very useful for their pollination by bees.

Click on the 1 in the Colour Wheel below to link to those thumbnails in their Comparison Gallery - with their index of those bee-pollinated plants in addition to heathers of that flower colour in that month -
to compare their blooms:-

bloomsmonth2a1a

 

"RHS Plants for Pollinators
There are lots of ways to make your garden as perfect for pollinators as possible with the RHS
We have compiled two downloadable plant lists to help gardeners identify plants that will provide nectar and pollen for bees and many other types of pollinating insects:
 

How to attract and support pollinating insects

  • Aim to have plants that are attractive to pollinating insects in flower from early spring to late autumn.
  • Grow garden plants with flowers that attract pollinating insects.
  • Avoid plants with double or multi-petalled flowers. Such flowers may lack nectar and pollen, or insects may have difficulty in gaining access.
  • Never use pesticides on plants when they are in flower.
  • Where appropriate, British wildflowers can be an attractive addition to planting schemes and may help support a wider range of pollinating insects.
  • Observe the plants in your garden. If you know of plants with blooms that regularly attract insects, let us know.
  • Encourage bees by keeping honeybees yourself or allowing a beekeeper to place hives in your garden. Nest boxes containing cardboard tubes or hollow plant stems, or holes drilled in blocks of wood will provide nest sites for some species of solitary bees. Such nests are available from garden centres or you can make your own (holes/tubes should be in a mixture of sizes with a diameter of 2 - 8mm / (0.08 - 0.32 in))." from the RHS.

Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677

 

Site design and content copyright ©December 2014. Index Page for each Comparison Page of Heather Comparison Gallery created in this Gallery in December 2014. Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.
It is possible that the carrier pigeon used in the original link may have died and thus that link currently may no longer be functional. 

Some heathers besides having flowers have foliage colours that change from 1 season to the next season in the UK -

  • Spring (March, April, May),
  • Summer (June, July, August),
  • Autumn (September, October, November) and
  • Winter (December, January, February).


The Heather Comparison Gallery provides comparison pages of the:-

  • 18 flower colours with flower and flower stalk as shown in the menu table at the top of this page,
  • 18 flower colours with flower and flower stalk in each of the months that heather flowers,
  • 7 foliage colours with foliage stalk and form per season as shown in the menu table at the top of this page, and
  • Each of the Heather Cultivar Groups with flowers

and the Index for the heathers shown in each of these Comparison Pages is in 1 or more Index Pages in the relevant Heather Evergreen Shrub Index Gallery instead of being in the same Comparison page, due to their being too many to include within the available space.
THIS COMBINATION OF FOLIAGE COLOUR CHANGE CAN BE USED IN YOUR GARDEN DESIGN TO AID DIFFERENT GROUNDCOVER FOLIAGE COLOURS IN DIFFERENT SEASONS, together with the months of flower buds before flowering and the post months of seedheads.

<-------- Title of Page

(o) in front of Page Name or Index Page No in this Main Menu Table indicates that all pages linked to from that cell have content.

SPRING FOLIAGE COLOUR
with Foliage Stalk and Form

Index Page No.

AUTUMN FOLIAGE COLOUR
with Foliage Stalk and Form

Index Page No.

CULTIVAR GROUP with Flowers
Erica Hardy Heaths:-

Index Page No.

CULTIVAR GROUP with Flowers
Erica Hardy Heaths:-

Index Page No.

HEATHER EVERGREEN SHRUB
INDEX GALLERY PAGES

Index Page No.


Site Map

Introduction

Index Page No.

Click on Colour below to change to its Heather Flower Colour Page with Flower and Flower Stalk

Spr-Bronze

1

(o) Aut-Bronze

(o) 1

Erica garforthensis

(o) 1

Erica tetralix

1

CULTIVAR GROUP with Flowers

 

FLOWERING SEASON
with Flower and Flower Stalk

 

(o) H0
White
item2e1a1i1a1a1a1e1a1b

Index Page No.

(o) H1 Amethyst
item2e1a1i1a1a1a1q1a1

Index Page No.

H2
Mauve
item2e1a1i1a1a1a1a1a1a

Index Page No.

(o) Spr-Green

(o) 1

(o) Aut-Green

(o)
1 2

Erica gaudificans

(o) 1

Erica umbellata

1

Andromeda

(o) 1

(o) January
Winter

(o)
1 2

(o) 1

(o) 1

1

Spr-Grey

1

(o) Aut-Grey

(o) 1

(o) Erica x griffithsii

(o) 1

Erica vagans

1

Bruckenthalia spiculifolia changed to
Erica spiculifolia

1

(o)February
Winter

(o)
1 2

(o) H3
Lavender
item2e1a1i1a1a1a1c1a1a

(o) 1

H4
Lilac
item2e1a1i1a1a1a1d1a1a

1

H5
Ruby
item2e1a1i1a1a1a1f1a1a

1

(o) Spr-Orange

(o) 1

Aut-Orange

1

Erica krameri

(o) 1

Erica veitchii

1

(o) Calluna

(o) 1

(o) March
Spring

(o)
1 2

Spr-Red

1

Aut-Red

1

(o) Erica lusitanica

(o) 1

Erica watsonii

1

(o) Daboecia

(o) 1

(o) April
Spring

(o)
1 2

H6
Cerise
item2e1a1i1a1a1a1g1a1a

1

(o) H7
Rose Pink
item2e1a1i1a1a1a1h1a1a

(o) 1

(o) H8
Pink
item2e1a1i1a1a1a1i1a1a

(o) 1

(o) Spr-Yellow

(o) 1

(o) Aut-Yellow

(o) 1

(o) Erica mackayana

(o) 1

Erica williamsii

1

Erica Hardy Heaths:-

 

(o) May
Spring

(o) 1

(o) Spr-Other Colour

(o) 1

Aut-Other Colour

1

Erica maderensis

(o) 1

 

 

Erica x afroeuropea

(o) 1

(o) June
Summer

(o) 1

(o) H9
Beetroot
item2e1a1i1a1a1a1j1a1a

(o) 1

(o) H10
Purple
item2e1a1i1a1a1a1k1a1a

(o) 1

(o) H11
Lilac Pink
item2e1a1i1a1a1a1l1a1a

(o) 1

 

 

 

 

(o) Erica manipuliflora

(o) 1

 

 

Erica andevalensis now treated as Erica mackayana ssp andevalensis

1

(o) July
Summer

(o) 1

SUMMER FOLIAGE COLOUR
with Foliage Stalk and Form

 

WINTER FOLIAGE COLOUR
with Foliage Stalk and Form

 

Erica multiflora

1

SEED COLOUR

 

(o) Erica arborea

(o) 1

(o) August
Summer

(o) 1

(o) H12 Heliotrope
item2e1a1i1a1a1a1m1a1a

(o) 1

H13 Crimson
item2e1a1i1a1a1a1n1a1a

1

(o) H14 Magenta
item2e1a1i1a1a1a1o1a1a

(o) 1

(o) Sum-Bronze

(o) 1

(o) Win-Bronze

(o) 1

(o) Erica
oldenburgensis

(o) 1

Seed

1

(o) Erica x arendsiana

(o) 1

(o) September
Autumn

(o) 1

(o) Sum-Green

(o)
1 2

(o) Win-Green

(o)
1 2

Erica platycodon

1

 

 

(o) Erica australis

(o) 1

(o) October
Autumn

(o) 1

H15 Salmon

item2e1a1i1a1a1a1p1a1a

1

(o) H16
Shell Pink

item2e1a1i1a1a1a1b1a1a

(o) 1

(o) H17 Multi-Coloured
item2e1a1i1a1a1a1e1a1a1

(o) 1

Sum-Grey

1

Win-Grey

1

Erica scoparia

1

BED PICTURES

 

(o) Erica azorica
(Syn.
Erica scoparia subsp. azorica)

(o) 1

(o) November
Autumn

(o) 1

Sum-Orange

1

(o) Win-Orange

(o) 1

Erica sicula

1

Garden

1

(o) Erica carnea

(o)
1 2

(o) December
Winter

(o) 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sum-Red

1

(o) Win-Red

(o) 1

(o) Erica spiculifolia

(o) 1

 

 

(o) Erica ciliaris

(o) 1

 

 

 

 

Website Structure Explanation and
User Guidelines

 

 

 

(o) Sum-Yellow

(o) 1

(o) Win-Yellow

(o) 1

(o) Erica stuartii

(o) 1


(o) COMMENTS

(o) Erica cinerea

(o) 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sum-Other Colour

1

(o) Win-Other Colour

(o) 1

Erica terminalis

1

(o) Erica x darleyensis

(o) 1

The 2 rows of "Height x Spread in inches (cms) (1 inch = 2.5 cms, 12" = 1 foot = 30 cms) and Comment" state the Heather Description from 'Handy Guide to Heathers Descriptions & Suppliers of over 1000 varieties" by David & Anne Small, published in 1992 by Denbeigh Heather Nurseries (ISBN 0-9519160-0-9). This gives the official Heather Society flower colour(s) and foliage colour(s).
Photos from Chris Garnons-Williams are added to that respective flower colour or foliage colour page in the Shrub Heather Gallery and the relevant index page in this gallery IRRESPECTIVE OF THE ACTUAL FLOWER COLOUR OR FOLIAGE COLOUR (stated in the Handy Guide) IN THE IMAGE THAT WAS TAKEN BY CHRIS GARNONS-WILLIAMS.

(o) Erica erigena

(o) 1

End of Main Menu - See Sub-Menu and Data below:-

Topic
Case Studies
...Drive Foundations
Ryegrass and turf kills plants within Roadstone and in Topsoil due to it starving and dehydrating them.
CedarGravel creates stable drive surface and drains rain into your ground, rather than onto the public road.

8 problems caused by building house on clay or with house-wall attached to clay.
Pre-building work on polluted soil.

Companion Planting
...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants

Garden
Construction

with ground drains
Garden Design
...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed
Borders

......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants
......Camera photos of Plant supports
Garden
Maintenance

Glossary with a tomato teaching cauliflowers
Home
Library of over 1000 books
Offbeat Glossary with DuLally Bird in its flower clock.
Plants
...in Chalk (Alkaline) Soil
......A-F1, A-F2,
......A-F3, G-L, M-R,
......M-R Roses, S-Z
...in Heavy Clay Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...in Lime-Free
(Acid) Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...in Light Sand Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...Poisonous Plants
...Extra Plant Pages

Soil
...
Interaction between 2 Quartz Sand Grains to make soil
...
How roots of plants are in control in the soil
...
Without replacing Soil Nutrients, the soil will break up to only clay, sand or silt
...
Subsidence caused by water in Clay
...Use water ring for trees/shrubs for first 2 years

Tool Shed with 3 kneeling pads
Useful Data with benefits of Seaweed

................

Topic - Plant Photo Galleries

Topic - Plant with Photo Index of Ivydene Gardens with
Camera Photo Galleries are in the last row


Bulb with its 7 Flower Colours per Month Comparison Pages
...Allium/ Anemone
...Autumn
...Colchicum/ Crocus
...Dahlia
...Gladiolus
......European A-E
......European F-M
......European N-Z
......Eur Non-classified
......American A
......American B
......American C
......American D
......American E
......American F
......American G
......American H
......American I
......American J
......American K
......American L
......American M
......American N
......American O
......American P
......American Q
......American R
......American S
......American T
......American U
......American V
......American W
......American XYZ
......Ame Non-classified
......Australia - empty
......India

......Lithuania
...Hippeastrum/ Lily
...Late Summer
...Narcissus
...Spring
...Tulip
...Winter
...Each of the above ...Bulb Galleries has its own set of Flower Colour Pages
...Flower Shape
...Bulb Form

...Bulb Use

...Bulb in Soil

Further details on bulbs from the Infill Galleries:-
Hardy Bulbs
...Aconitum
...Allium
...Alstroemeria
...Anemone

...Amaryllis
...Anthericum
...Antholyzas
...Apios
...Arisaema
...Arum
...Asphodeline

...Asphodelus
...Belamcanda
...Bloomeria
...Brodiaea
...Bulbocodium

...Calochorti
...Cyclobothrias
...Camassia
...Colchicum
...Convallaria 
...Forcing Lily of the Valley
...Corydalis
...Crinum
...Crosmia
...Montbretia
...Crocus

...Cyclamen
...Dicentra
...Dierama
...Eranthis
...Eremurus
...Erythrnium
...Eucomis

...Fritillaria
...Funkia
...Galanthus
...Galtonia
...Gladiolus
...Hemerocallis

...Hyacinth
...Hyacinths in Pots
...Scilla
...Puschkinia
...Chionodoxa
...Chionoscilla
...Muscari

...Iris
...Kniphofia
...Lapeyrousia
...Leucojum

...Lilium
...Lilium in Pots
...Malvastrum
...Merendera
...Milla
...Narcissus
...Narcissi in Pots

...Ornithogalum
...Oxalis
...Paeonia
...Ranunculus
...Romulea
...Sanguinaria
...Sternbergia
...Schizostylis
...Tecophilaea
...Trillium

...Tulip
...Zephyranthus

Half-Hardy Bulbs
...Acidanthera
...Albuca
...Alstroemeri
...Andro-stephium
...Bassers
...Boussing-aultias
...Bravoas
...Cypellas
...Dahlias
...Galaxis,
...Geissorhizas
...Hesperanthas

...Gladioli
...Ixias
...Sparaxises
...Babianas
...Morphixias
...Tritonias

...Ixiolirions
...Moraeas
...Ornithogalums
...Oxalises
...Phaedra-nassas
...Pancratiums
...Tigridias
...Zephyranthes
...Cooperias


Uses of Bulbs:-
...for Bedding
...in Windowboxes
...in Border
...naturalized in Grass
...in Bulb Frame
...in Woodland Garden
...in Rock Garden
...in Bowls
...in Alpine House
...Bulbs in Greenhouse or Stove:-
...Achimenes
...Alocasias
...Amorpho-phalluses
...Arisaemas
...Arums
...Begonias
...Bomareas
...Caladiums

...Clivias
...Colocasias
...Crinums
...Cyclamens
...Cyrtanthuses
...Eucharises
...Urceocharis
...Eurycles

...Freesias
...Gloxinias
...Haemanthus
...Hippeastrums

...Lachenalias
...Nerines
...Lycorises
...Pencratiums
...Hymenocallises
...Richardias
...Sprekelias
...Tuberoses
...Vallotas
...Watsonias
...Zephyranthes

...Plant Bedding in
......Spring

......Summer
...Bulb houseplants flowering inside House during:-
......January
......February
......March
......April
......May
......June
......July
......August
......September
......October
......November
......December
...Bulbs and other types of plant flowering during:-
......Dec-Jan
......Feb-Mar
......Apr-May
......Jun-Aug
......Sep-Oct
......Nov-Dec
...Selection of the smaller and choicer plants for the Smallest of Gardens with plant flowering during the same 6 periods as in the previous selection


........

If the plant type below has flowers, then the first gallery will include the flower thumbnail in each month of 1 of 6 flower colour comparison pages of each plant in its subsidiary galleries
Aquatic
Bamboo
Bedding
...by Flower Shape

Climber in
3 Sector Vertical Plant System
...Clematis
...Climbers
Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
...Shrubs - Decid
Deciduous Tree
...Trees - Decid
Evergreen Perennial
...P-Evergreen A-L
...P-Evergreen M-Z
...Flower Shape
Evergreen Shrub
...Shrubs - Evgr
...Heather Shrub
Evergreen Tree
...Trees - Evgr
Fern
Grass
Hedging
Herbaceous
Perennial

...P -Herbaceous
...Peony
...Flower Shape
...RHS Wisley
......Mixed Border
......Other Borders
Herb
Odds and Sods
Rhododendron
Rose
...RHS Wisley A-F
...RHS Wisley G-R
...RHS Wisley S-Z
...Rose Use with 3 separate rose indices on each usage of rose page
...Other Roses A-F
...Other Roses G-R
...Other Roses S-Z
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
...Apple

...Cherry
...Pear
Vegetable

Wild Flower is below

The following is a complete hierarchical Plant Selection Process
dependent on the Garden Style chosen

Garden Style
...
Infill Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...
12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...
All Plants Index
...
Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...
Shape, Form
Index

or
use the choices in the following Flower/Foliage Colour
Colour Wheel Galleries

you could use these Flower Colour Wheels with number of colours
All Flowers 53

All Flowers per Month 12 - My Gas Service Engineer found Flow and Return pipes incorrectly positioned on gas boilers and customers had refused to have positioning corrected in 2020, followed by this Website
...User Guidelines
or
Bee instead of wind pollinated plants for hay-fever sufferers
All Bee-Pollinated Flowers per Month 12
...Index
or
Rock Garden and Alpine Flower Colour Wheel with number of colours
Rock Plant Flowers 53

...Rock Plant Photos
or
A Foliage Colour Wheel using 212 web-safe colours instead of the best Colour Wheel of 2058 colours in the Pantone Goe System
All Foliage 212

or
Flower Colour Wheel without photos, but with links to photos
12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index

Topic - Butterfly Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Butterfly
Usage of Plants
by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly

Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly usage of
Plant A-C
Plant C-M
Plant N-W
Butterfly usage of Plant

Wild Flower
with its
flower colour page,
space,
Site Map page in its flower colour
NOTE Gallery
...Blue Note
...Brown Note
...Cream Note
...Green Note
...Mauve Note
...Multi-Cols Note
...Orange Note
...Pink A-G Note
...Pink H-Z Note
...Purple Note
...Red Note
...White A-D Note
...White E-P Note
...White Q-Z Note
...Yellow A-G Note
...Yellow H-Z Note
...Shrub/Tree Note

Poisonous
Wildflower Plants

You can find the wild flower in one of the 23 Wild Flower Galleries or the Colour Wheel
Gallery

If
you know its name, use
Wild Flower Plant Index a-h,
Wild Flower Plant Index i-p or
Wild Flower Plant Index q-z

you know which habitat it lives in,
use
Wild Flowers on
Acid Soil
Habitat Table,
on Calcareous
(Chalk) Soil
,
on Marine Soil,
on Neutral Soil,
is a Fern,
is a Grass,
is a Rush, or
is a Sedge

you know which family it belongs to, use
Wild Flower Family Pages menu above and right

you have seen its flower or seed, use
Comparison Pages
in Wild Flower
Gallery
to identify it or

you have seen its flower, use Comparison Pages containing Wild Flower Plants and Cultivated Plants in the Colour Wheel Gallery

followed by all the Wild Flower Family Pages:-

There are 180 families in the Wildflowers of the UK and they have been split up into 22 Galleries to allow space for up to 100 plants per gallery.

Each plant named in each of the Wildflower Family Pages may have a link to:-

its Plant Description Page in its Common Name in one of those Wildflower Plant Galleries and will have links

to external sites to purchase the plant or seed in its Botanical Name,

to see photos in its Flowering Months and

to read habitat details in its Habitat Column.

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 1
(o)Adder's Tongue
Amaranth
(o)Arrow-Grass
(o)Arum
(o)Balsam
Bamboo
(o)Barberry
(o)Bedstraw
(o)Beech
(o)Bellflower
(o)Bindweed
(o)Birch
(o)Birds-Nest
(o)Birthwort
(o)Bogbean
(o)Bog Myrtle
(o)Borage
(o)Box
(o)Broomrape
(o)Buckthorn
(o)Buddleia
(o)Bur-reed
(o)Buttercup
(o)Butterwort
(o)Cornel (Dogwood)
(o)Crowberry
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 1
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2
Cypress
(o)Daffodil
(o)Daisy
(o)Daisy Cudweeds
(o)Daisy Chamomiles
(o)Daisy Thistle
(o)Daisy Catsears (o)Daisy Hawkweeds
(o)Daisy Hawksbeards
(o)Daphne
(o)Diapensia
(o)Dock Bistorts
(o)Dock Sorrels

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 2
(o)Clubmoss
(o)Duckweed
(o)Eel-Grass
(o)Elm
(o)Filmy Fern
(o)Horsetail
(o)Polypody
Quillwort
(o)Royal Fern
(o)Figwort - Mulleins
(o)Figwort - Speedwells
(o)Flax
(o)Flowering-Rush
(o)Frog-bit
(o)Fumitory
(o)Gentian
(o)Geranium
(o)Glassworts
(o)Gooseberry
(o)Goosefoot
(o)Grass 1
(o)Grass 2
(o)Grass 3
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 1
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 2
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 3
(o)Hazel
(o)Heath
(o)Hemp
(o)Herb-Paris
(o)Holly
(o)Honeysuckle
(o)Horned-Pondweed
(o)Hornwort
(o)Iris
(o)Ivy
(o)Jacobs Ladder
(o)Lily
(o)Lily Garlic
(o)Lime
(o)Lobelia
(o)Loosestrife
(o)Mallow
(o)Maple
(o)Mares-tail
(o)Marsh Pennywort
(o)Melon (Gourd/Cucumber)

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 3
(o)Mesem-bryanthemum
(o)Mignonette
(o)Milkwort
(o)Mistletoe
(o)Moschatel
Naiad
(o)Nettle
(o)Nightshade
(o)Oleaster
(o)Olive
(o)Orchid 1
(o)Orchid 2
(o)Orchid 3
(o)Orchid 4
(o)Parnassus-Grass
(o)Peaflower
(o)Peaflower Clover 1
(o)Peaflower Clover 2
(o)Peaflower Clover 3
(o)Peaflower Vetches/Peas
Peony
(o)Periwinkle
Pillwort
Pine
(o)Pink 1
(o)Pink 2
Pipewort
(o)Pitcher-Plant
(o)Plantain
(o)Pondweed
(o)Poppy
(o)Primrose
(o)Purslane
Rannock Rush
(o)Reedmace
(o)Rockrose
(o)Rose 1
(o)Rose 2
(o)Rose 3
(o)Rose 4
(o)Rush
(o)Rush Woodrushes
(o)Saint Johns Wort
Saltmarsh Grasses
(o)Sandalwood
(o)Saxifrage

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 4
Seaheath
(o)Sea Lavender
(o)Sedge Rush-like
(o)Sedges Carex 1
(o)Sedges Carex 2
(o)Sedges Carex 3
(o)Sedges Carex 4
(o)Spindle-Tree
(o)Spurge
(o)Stonecrop
(o)Sundew
(o)Tamarisk
Tassel Pondweed
(o)Teasel
(o)Thyme 1
(o)Thyme 2
(o)Umbellifer 1
(o)Umbellifer 2
(o)Valerian
(o)Verbena
(o)Violet
(o)Water Fern
(o)Waterlily
(o)Water Milfoil
(o)Water Plantain
(o)Water Starwort
Waterwort
(o)Willow
(o)Willow-Herb
(o)Wintergreen
(o)Wood-Sorrel
(o)Yam
(o)Yew

Topic - Camera Photo Galleries showing all 4000 x 3000 pixels of each photo on your screen that you can then click and drag to your desktop:-

RHS Garden at Wisley
Plant Supports -
When supporting plants in a bed, it is found that not only do those plants grow upwards, but also they expand their roots and footpad sideways each year. Pages
1
, 2, 3, 8, 11,
12, 13,
Plants 4, 7, 10,
Bedding Plants 5,
Plant Supports for Unknown Plants 5
,
Clematis Climbers 6,
the RHS does not appear to either follow it's own pruning advice or advice from The Pruning of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers by George E. Brown.
ISBN 0-571-11084-3 with the plants in Pages 1-7 of this folder. You can see from looking at both these resources as to whether the pruning carried out on the remainder of the plants in Pages 7-15 was correct.
Narcissus (Daffodil) 9,
Phlox Plant Supports 14, 15

Coleus Bedding Foliage Trial - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13, 14, 15,
16, 17, 18, 19, 20,
21, 22, 23, 24, 25,
26, 27, 28, 29, 30,
31, 32
,
Index

National Trust Garden at Sissinghurst Castle
Plant Supports -
Pages for Gallery 1
with Plant Supports
1
, 5, 10
Plants
2
, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9,
11, 12
Recommended Rose Pruning Methods 13
Pages for Gallery 2
with Plant Supports
2
,
Plants 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

Dry Garden of
RHS Garden at
Hyde Hall
Plants - Pages
without Plant Supports
Plants 1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

Nursery of
Peter Beales Roses
Display Garden
Roses Pages
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13

Nursery of
RV Roger
Roses - Pages
A1,A2,A3,A4,A5,
A6,A7,A8,A9,A10,
A11,A12,A13,A14,
B15,
B16,B17,B18,B19,
B20,
B21,B22,B23,B24,
B25,
B26,B27,B28,B29,
B30,
C31,C32,C33,C34,
C35,
C36,C37,C38,C39,
C40,
C41,CD2,D43,D44,
D45,
D46,D47,D48,D49,
E50,
E51,E52
,F53,F54,
F55,
F56,F57,G58,G59,
H60,
H61,I62,K63,L64,
M65,
M66,N67,P68,P69,
P70,

R71,R72,S73,S74,
T75,
V76,Z77, 78,

Damage by Plants in Chilham Village - Pages
1
, 2, 3, 4

Pavements of Funchal, Madeira
Damage to Trees - Pages
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13
for trees 1-54
,
14, 15,
16, 17, 18, 19, 20,
21, 22, 23, 24, 25,
for trees 55-95,
26
, 27, 28, 29, 30,
31, 32, 33, 34, 35,
36, 37,
for trees 95-133,
38
, 39, 40,
41, 42, 43, 44, 45,
for trees 133-166


Chris Garnons-Williams
Work Done - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13

Identity of Plants
Label Problems - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11

Ron and Christine Foord
Garden Flowers - Pages
A1, 2, 3, 4,
5,
6, 7, 8, 9,
10,
11, 12, 13,

The plant with photo in the above Camera Photo Galleries
join

the plants with photos in the other Plant Photo Galleries below in

Plant with Photo Index of Ivydene Gardens
A 1, Photos
B 1, Photos
C 1, Photos
D 1, Photos
E 1, Photos
F 1, Photos
G 1, Photos
H 1, Photos
I 1, Photos
J 1, Photos
K 1, Photos
L 1, Photos
M 1, Photos
N 1, Photos
O 1, Photos
P 1, Photos
Q 1, Photos
R 1, Photos
S 1, Photos
T 1, Photos
U 1, Photos
V 1, Photos
W 1, Photos
X 1 Photos
Y 1, Photos
Z 1 Photos
Articles/Items in Ivydene Gardens

Flower Colour, Number of Petals, Shape and
Plant Use of:-

Rock Garden
...within linked page


Bedding

...Bedding Out
...Filling In
...Screen-ing
...Pots and Troughs
...Window Boxes
...Hanging Baskets
...Spring Bedding
...Summer Bedding
...Winter Bedding
...Foliage instead of Flower
...
Coleus Bedding Photos for use in Public Domain 1

Bulb
...Other than Only Green Foliage
...Bedding or Mass Planting
...Ground-Cover
...Cut-Flower
...Tolerant of Shade
...In Woodland Areas
...Under-plant
...Tolerant of Poor Soil
...Covering Banks
...In Water
...Beside Stream or Water Garden
...Coastal Conditions
...Edging Borders
...Back of Border or Back-ground Plant
...Fragrant Flowers
...Not Fragrant Flowers
...Indoor
House-plant

...Grow in a Patio Pot
...Grow in an Alpine Trough
...Grow in an Alpine House
...Grow in Rock Garden
...Speciman Plant
...Into Native Plant Garden
...Naturalize in Grass
...Grow in Hanging Basket
...Grow in Window-box
...Grow in Green-house
...Grow in Scree
...Naturalized Plant Area
...Grow in Cottage Garden
...Attracts Butterflies
...Attracts Bees
...Resistant to Wildlife
...Bulb in Soil:-
......Chalk
......Clay
......Sand
......Lime-Free (Acid)
......Peat

Rose
...
Bedding
...
Climber /Pillar
...
Cut-Flower
...
Exhibition, Speciman
...
Ground-Cover

...
Grow In A Container
...
Hedge
...
Climber in Tree
...
Woodland
...
Edging Borders
...
Tolerant of Poor Soil
...
Tolerant of Shade
...
Back of Border
...
Adjacent to Water
...
Page for rose use as ARCH ROSE, PERGOLA ROSE, COASTAL CONDITIONS ROSE, WALL ROSE, STANDARD ROSE, COVERING BANKS or THORNLESS ROSES.
...
FRAGRANT ROSES
...
NOT FRAGRANT ROSES

and

Plant Colour Wheel Uses
with
1. Perfect general use soil is composed of 8.3% lime, 16.6% humus, 25% clay and 50% sand, and
2. Why you are continually losing the SOIL STRUCTURE so your soil - will revert to clay, chalk, sand or silt.

Uses of Plant and Flower Shape:-
...Foliage Only
...Other than Green Foliage
...Trees in Lawn
...Trees in Small Gardens
...Wildflower Garden
...Attract Bi
rd
...Attract Butterfly
1
, 2
...Climber on House Wall

...
Climber not on House Wall
...Climber in Tree
...Rabbit-Resistant
...Woodland
...Pollution Barrier
...Part Shade
...Full Shade
...Single Flower provides Pollen for Bees
1
, 2, 3
...Ground-Cover
<60
cm
60-180cm
>
180cm
...Hedge
...Wind-swept
...Covering Banks
...Patio Pot
...Edging Borders
...Back of Border
...Poisonous

...Adjacent to Water
...Bog Garden
...Tolerant of Poor Soil
...Winter-Flowering
...Fragrant
...Not Fragrant
...Exhibition

...
Standard Plant
is 'Ball on Stick'
...
Upright Branches or Sword-shaped leaves
...
Plant to Prevent Entry to Human or Animal
...
Coastal Conditions
...
Tolerant on North-facing Wall
...
Cut Flower
...
Potted Veg Outdoors
...
Potted Veg Indoors
...
Thornless
...
Raised Bed Outdoors Veg
...
Grow in Alkaline Soil A-F
, G-L, M-R,
S-Z
...
Grow in Acidic Soil
...
Grow in Any Soil
...
Grow in Rock Garden
...
Grow Bulbs Indoors

Fragrant Plants:-
Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an Acid Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
1
, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3
Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves
1
, 2
Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5
Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit
1
, 2, 3
Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2
Night-scented Flowering Plants
1
, 2

Topic
Remaining Topic Table is now on the right hand side.


Plants

...Plant Selection of 6 levels with lists by:

1 - Plant Use including Bee Pollinated Plants for Hay Fever Sufferers, Groundcover and
Poisonous Plants

2 - Plants for Soil
Any, Chalk, Clay, Lime-free, Sandy, Peaty
2a Plant Requirements
2b Form - Tree Growth Shape
Columnar

2b Shrub/ Perennial Growth Habit
Mat

2c - Garden Use
Bedding

2d - Plant Type
Bulb


Refining Selection
3a - Flower Colour
Blue Flowers
Photos -
Bedding

Bulb
Climber
Evergr Per
Evergr Shrub
Wild Flower
3b - Flower Shape
Photos -
Bedding

Evergr Per
Herbac Per
3c - Foliage Colour
Large Leaves

Other

Non-Green Foliage 1
Non-Green Foliage 2
Sword-shaped Leaves

4 - Pruning Requirements
Pruning Plants

5 - 1000 Groundcover Plants
Plant Name - A

6 - Then, finally use
COMPANION PLANTING to

aid your plant selected or to
deter Pests



Topic - Plant Photo Galleries
Evergreen Shrub
...Shrubs - Evgr
...Shrub Heathers
......Gallery,
......Species Index Page with
......Pages describing each Heather of that Species Index Page

......Andromeda
.........Andromeda In
......
Bruckenthalia
......Calluna
.........Index AC
.........AB-AP,
.........AP-BU,
.........BU-CW,
.........
Index D-G
.........DB-FA,
.........FA-GO,
.........GO-GU,
.........
Index H-L
.........HA-IN,
.........IN-LO,
.........LO-LY,
.........
Index M-R
.........MA-PA,
.........PA-RO,
.........RO-RU,
.........
Index S-Z
.........SA-SO,
.........SP-WH,
.........WI-YV

......Daboecia
.........Daboecia In
.........Index
.........cantabrica
.........x scotica

......Erica: Carnea
.........Carnea Index
.........AD-JO
.........JO-RO
.........RU-WI
......Erica: Cinerea
.........Index
.........AM-HE,
.........HO-RO,
.........RO-WI

......Erica: Others
.........Others Index
.........Others 1
.........Others 2
.........Others 3
.........Others 4
.........
Darleyensis In
.........darleyensis 1
.........darleyensis 2
.........
Tetralix Index
.........tetralix
.........
Vagans Index
.........vagans
...Heather Shrub
...Heather Index

 

 

STAGE 4C CULTIVATION, POSITION, USE GALLERY

 

Cultivation Requirements of Plant

Outdoor / Garden Cultivation

1

Indoor / House Cultivation

1

Cool Greenhouse (and Alpine House) Cultivation with artificial heating in the Winter

1

Conservatory Cultivation with heating throughout the year

1

Stovehouse Cultivation with heating throughout the year for Tropical Plants

1

 

Sun Aspect

Full Sun

1

Part Shade

1

Full Shade

1

 

Soil Type

Any Soil

1

Chalky Soil

1

Clay Soil

1

Lime-Free Soil

1

Peaty Soil

1

Sandy Soil

1

Acid Soil

1

Alkaline Soil

1

Badly-drained Soil

1

 

Soil Moisture

Dry

1

Moist

1

Wet

1

 

Position for Plant

Back of Shady Border

1

Back of Shrub Border

1

Bedding

1

Bog Garden

1

Coastal Conditions / Seaside

1

Container in Garden

1

Front of Border

1

Ground Cover 0-24 inches (0-60 cms)

1

Ground Cover 24-72 inches (60-180 cms)

1

Ground Cover Over 72 inches (180 cms)

1

Hanging Basket

1

Hedge

1

Hedge - Thorny

1

Pollution Barrier

1

Pond

1

Pot in House, Greenhouse, Conservatory or Stovehouse

1

Raised Bed

1

Rest of Border

1

Rock Garden

1

Scree Bed

1

Speciman on Lawn

1

Sunny Border

1

Tree for Lawn

1

Tree/Shrub for Small Garden

1, 2,
3, 4,
5, 6,
7, 8,
9, 10,
11,12,
13,14,
15,16,
uses of tree/ shrub

Wildflower

1

Windbreak

1

Woodland

1

 

Use of Plant

Pollen or nectar for Bees

1

Hosts to Butterflies

1

Encouraging birds / wildlife, providing food and shelter

1

Bee-Pollinated plants for Hay Fever Sufferers

1

Berries / Fruit

1

Dry Site in Full Sun

1

Dry Shade

1

Filtering noise

1

Flower Arrange-ments

1

Fragrant Flower

1

Language of Flowers

1

Low maintenance

1

Moist Shade

1

Moist and swampy Sites

1

Nitrogen fixing plants

1

Not Fragrant Flower

1

Rabbit-Resistant

1

Speciman Plant

1

Thornless

1

Tolerant of Poor Soil

1

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Plant Foliage

Aromatic Foliage

1

Autumn Foliage

1

Finely Cut Leaves

1

Large Leaves

1

Yellow Variegated Foliage

1

White Variegated Foliage

1

Red / Purple Variegated Foliage

1

Silver, Grey and Glaucous Foliage

1

Sword-shaped Leaves

1

 

 

Flower Shape

Number of Flower Petals

Petal-less
lessershapemeadowrue2a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

1 Petal

1

2 Petals

1

3 Petals
irisflotpseudacorus1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

4 Petals
aethionemacfloarmenumfoord1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

5 Petals
anemonecflo1hybridafoord1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Above 5
anemonecflo1blandafoord1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

 

Flower Shape - Simple

Stars
anthericumcfloliliagofoord1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Bowls
 

1

Cups and Saucers
euphorbiacflo1wallichiigarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Globes
paeoniamlokosewitschiiflot1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Goblets and Chalices
paeoniaveitchiiwoodwardiiflot1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Trumpets
acantholimoncfloglumaceumfoord1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Funnels
stachysflotmacrantha1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Bells
digitalismertonensiscflorvroger1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Thimbles
fuchsiaflotcalicehoffman1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Urns
ericacarneacflosspringwoodwhitedeeproot1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Salverform

phloxflotsubulatatemiskaming1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

 

Flower Shape - Elaborated

Tubes, Lips and Straps
prunellaflotgrandiflora1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Slippers, Spurs and Lockets
aquilegiacfloformosafoord1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Hats, Hoods and Helmets
acanthusspinosuscflocoblands1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Standards, Wings and Keels
lathyrusflotvernus1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Discs and Florets
brachyscomecflorigidulakevock1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Pin-Cushions
echinaceacflo1purpurealustrehybridsgarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Tufts
centaureacfloatropurpureakavanagh1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Cushion
androsacecforyargongensiskevock1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Umbel
agapanthuscflos1campanulatusalbidusgarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Buttons
argyranthemumflotcmadeiracrestedyellow1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Pompoms
armeriacflomaritimakevock1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

 

Natural Arrangements

Bunches, Posies, Sprays
bergeniamorningredcforcoblands1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Columns, Spikes and Spires
ajugacfloreptansatropurpurea1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Whorls, Tiers and Candelabra
lamiumflotorvala2a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Plumes and Tails
astilbepurplelancecflokevock1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Chains and Tassels
 

1

Clouds, Garlands and Cascades
 

1

Spheres, Domes (Clusters), Plates and Drumsticks
androsacecfor1albanakevock1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Shrub, Tree Shape

Columnar
ccolumnarshape1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Oval
covalshape1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Rounded or Spherical
croundedshape1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Flattened Spherical
cflattenedsphericalshape1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Narrow Conical / Narrow Pyramidal
cnarrowconicalshape1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Broad Conical / Broad Pyramidal
cbroadpyramidalshape1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Ovoid /
Egg-Shaped

ceggshapedshape1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Broad Ovoid
cbroadovoidshape1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Narrow Vase-shaped / Inverted Ovoid
cnarrowvaseshapedshape1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Fan-Shaped /Vase-Shaped
cfanshapedshape1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Broad Fan-Shaped / Broad Vase-Shaped
cbroadfanshapedshape1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Narrow Weeping
cnarrowweepingshape1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Broad Weeping
cbroadweepingshape1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Palm

1

 

Conifer Cone

1

 

Form

Arching

1

Climbing

1

Clump-Forming

1

Mat-Forming

1

Mound-Forming

1

Prostrate

1

Spreading

1

Stemless

1

Upright

1

 

Poisonous Plant

1

 

STAGE 1
GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY

 

Fragrant Plants adds the use of another of your 5 senses in your garden:-
Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Leaves
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5

Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Bark
1
, 2, 3

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an
Acid Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4

Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
1
, 2, 3

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Leaves
1
, 2, 3

Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves
1
, 2

Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5

Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit
1
, 2, 3

Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2

Night-scented Flowering Plants
1
, 2

Scented Aquatic Plants
1


Plants with Scented Fruits
1


Plants with Scented Roots
1
, 2

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Wood
1


Trees and Shrubs with Scented Gums
1


Scented Cacti and Succulents
1


Plants bearing Flowers or Leaves of Unpleasant Smell
1
, 2
 

 

STAGE 2
INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERY 3

Fan-trained Shape
fantrainedshape2a1a1a1a1a1

From Rhododendrons, boxwood, azaleas, clematis, novelties, bay trees, hardy plants, evergreens : novelties bulbs, cannas novelties, palms, araucarias, ferns, vines, orchids, flowering shrubs, ornamental grasses and trees book, via Wikimedia Commons

 

Ramblers Scramblers & Twiners by Michael Jefferson-Brown (ISBN 0 - 7153 - 0942 - 0) describes how to choose, plant and nurture over 500 high-performance climbing plants and wall shrubs, so that more can be made of your garden if you think not just laterally on the ground but use the vertical support structures including the house as well.

The Gardener's Illustrated Encyclopedia of Climbers & Wall Shrubs - A Guide to more than 2000 varieties including Roses, Clematis and Fruit Trees by Brian Davis. (ISBN 0-670-82929-3) provides the lists for 'Choosing the right Shrub or Climber' together with Average Height and Spread after 5 years, 10 years and 20 years.

 

STAGE 2
INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3


Gardening with Alpines by Stanley B. Whitehead. Garden Book Club.
Published in 1962. It provides most of the data about the Alpines.

Plant Solutions 1000+ suggestions for every garden situation by Nigel Colborn ISBN
13:978
0 00 719312 7, provides many of the plants for the pages in these Galleries.

Essential Annuals The 100 Best for Design and Cultivation. Text by Elizabeth Murray. Photography by Derek Fell. ISBN 0-517-66177-2, provides data about annuals.

Indoor Bulb
Growing by
Edward Pearson
. Published by Purnell & Sons, Ltd in 1953. It provides the data about Indoor Bulbs and Bulbs in
Window-boxes.

Colour All The
Year In My Garden
: A selection of choice varieties - annuals, biennials, perennials, bulbs, climbers and trees and shrubs - that will give a continuity of colour
in the garden throughout the year. Edited by C.H. Middleton. Gardening Book
from Ward, Lock & Co published in 1938, provides plant data for a calendar of plants in bloom throughout the year and for those in the smallest garden.
The Book of Bulbs by S. Arnott, F.R.H.S. Printed by
Turnbull & Spears, Edinburgh in 1901. This provides data about Hardy Bulbs, Half-Hardy Bulbs, Greenhouse and Stove Bulbs.

Collins Guide to
Bulbs by Patrick
M. Synge
. ISBN
0 00 214016-0
First Edition 1961, Second Edition 1971, Reprinted 1973. This provides data on bulbs for bedding, bulbs in the border, bulbs naturalised in grass, bulbs in the woodland garden, bulbs in the rock garden, bulbs in pans in the alpine house, bulbs in the greenhouse, bulbs in bowls and the bulb frame.

Annuals & Biennials, the best annual and biennial plants and their uses in the garden by Gertrude Jekyll published in 1916 and
republished by Forgotten Books in 2012
(Forgotten Books
is a London-based book publisher specializing in the restoration of old books, both fiction and non-fiction. Today we have
372,702 books available to read online, download as ebooks, or
purchase in print.).

Cut Flowers All The Year from The New Illustrated
Gardening Encyclopedia
by Richard Sudell, printed before May 1935 for the plant names in each month, followed by details for culture and propagation.

Mr. Middleton's Garden Book by
Daily Express Publication,
reprinted 1941
for the individual
cultivar names with evergreen/
deciduous, flower colour, flower month and height.

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Tree and Shrubs in Garden Design -

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Clay Soils (neutral to slightly acid)

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Dry Acid Soils

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Shallow Soil over Chalk

Trees and Shrubs tolerant of both extreme Acidity and Alkalinity

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Damp Sites

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Industrial Areas

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Cold Exposed Areas

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Seaside Areas

Shrubs suitable for Heavy Shade

Shrubs and Climbers suitable for NORTH- and EAST-facing Walls

Shrubs suitable for Ground Cover

Trees of Pendulous Habit

Trees and Shrubs of Upright or Fastigiate Habit

Trees and Shrubs with Ornamental Bark or Twigs

Trees and Shrubs with Bold Foliage

Trees and Shrubs for Autumn Colour

Trees and Shrubs with Red or Purple Foliage

Trees and Shrubs with Golden or Yellow Foliage

Trees and Shrubs with Grey or Silver Foliage

Trees and Shrubs with Variegated Foliage

Trees and Shrubs bearing Ornamental Fruit

Trees and Shrubs with Fragrant or Scented Flowers

Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Foliage

Flowering Trees and Shrubs for Every Month:-
Jan
, Feb, Mar, Apr, May, Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct, Nov, Dec

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