Ivydene Gardens Heather Erica: Other Hardy Heaths Gallery:
Other heather cultivars Page 3 of 4

SHRUB EVERGREEN GALLERY PAGES

Site Map of pages with content (o)

Introduction

FLOWER COLOUR
(o)
Blue
(o)Orange
(o)Other Colours
(o)Pink
(o)Red
(o)White
(o)Yellow

FOLIAGE COLOUR
Black
Blue
Brown
Bronze
(o)Green
(o)Grey
(o)Purple
(o)Red
Silver
(o)Variegated White
(o)Variegated Yellow
White
(o)Yellow
(o)4 Season Colour

7 Flower Colours per Month in Colour Wheel below IN EVERGREEN SHRUB GALLERY. Click on Black or White box in Colour of Month.

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(o) COMMENTS

 

 

HEATHER ERICA: OTHER HARDY HEATHS EVERGREEN SHRUB GALLERY PAGES
Site Map of pages with content (o)

Introduction


(o) in front of Page Name or Index Page No in this Main Menu Table indicates that all pages linked to from that cell have content.

1 (o)January
1 is Flowering Season January in Shrub Heathers Gallery
(o)January is Flowering Season January in Shrub Heather Gallery


Click on Colour below to link to its Heather Flower Colour Page in Shrub Heather gallery.

Click on H number to link to its Heather Flower Colour Page in the Shrub Heathers Gallery. Heathers in that Gallery are inserted in the relevant page according to their given H number, not according to what their actual flower colour looks like.

Photos from Chris Garnons-Williams are added to that respective flower colour or foliage colour page in the Shrub Heather Gallery and the relevant index page in Shrub Heather Index Gallery IRRESPECTIVE OF THE ACTUAL FLOWER COLOUR OR FOLIAGE COLOUR (stated in the Handy Guide) IN THE IMAGE THAT WAS TAKEN BY CHRIS GARNONS-WILLIAMS.


FLOWERING SEASON
1 (o)January
1 (o)February
1 (o)March
1 (o)April
1 (o)May
1 (o)June
1 (o)July
1 (o)August
1 (o)September
1 (o)October
1 (o)November
1 (o)December


SPRING FOLIAGE COLOUR
1 (o)Spri-Bronze
1 (o)Spri-Green
1
(o)Spri-Grey
1
(o)Spri-Orange
1
(o)Spri-Red
1
(o)Spri-Yellow
1
(o)Spri-Other

SUMMER FOLIAGE COLOUR
1 (o)Sum-Bronze
1 (o)Sum-Green
1
(o)Sum-Grey
1
Sum-Orange
1
(o)Sum-Red
1
(o)Sum-Yellow
1
(o)Sum-Other

AUTUMN FOLIAGE COLOUR
1 (o)Aut-Bronze
1 (o)Aut-Green
1
(o)Aut-Grey
1
Aut-Orange
1
(o)Aut-Red
1
(o)Aut-Yellow
1
(o)Aut-Other

WINTER FOLIAGE COLOUR
1 (o)Win-Bronze
1 (o)Win-Green
1
(o)Win-Grey
1
(o)Win-Orange
1
(o)Win-Red
1
(o)Win-Yellow
1
(o)Win-Other
 


CULTIVAR GROUP
1...Andromeda
.....Bruckenthalia
.....Bruckenthalia
.....spiculifolia
.....changed to
1...
Erica spiculifolia

1,2.(o)Calluna and
.....Calluna Gallery
1...(o)Daboecia and
.....Daboecia Gallery

.....Erica
.....Others Gallery

.....and

.....Erica
.....Hardy Heaths:-
1...Erica
.....afroeuropea

1...Erica
.....andevalensis

.....now treated as
.....Erica mackayana
.....ssp andevalensis

1...(o)Erica arborea
1...Erica arendsiana
1...Erica australis
1...Erica azorica
.....(Syn.
.....Erica scoparia
.....subsp. azorica)
1...(o)Erica carnea
.....and
.....
Carnea Gallery

1...Erica cillaris
1...(o)Erica cinerea
.....and
.....Cinerea Gallery
1...(o)Erica
.....darleyensis

1...Erica erigena
1...Erica
.....garforthensis

1...Erica gaudificans
1...Erica griffithsii
1...Erica krameri
1...(o)Erica lusitanica
1...(o)Erica
.....mackayana

1...Erica maderensis
1...Erica
.....manipuliflora

1...Erica multiflora
1...Erica
.....oldenburgensis

1...Erica platycodon
1...Erica scoparia
1...Erica sicula
1...Erica spiculifolia
1...Erica stuartii
1...
Erica terminalis
1...(o)Erica tetralix
1...Erica umbellata
1...(o)Erica vagans
1...Erica veitchii
1...Erica watsonii
1...
Erica williamsii

SEED COLOUR
.....
Seed

BED PICTURES
.....
Garden

H1 Amethyst
item2e1a1i1a1a1a1q1a1a1a1a1a1a

H2
Mauve

item2e1a1i1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

H3
Lavender

item2e1a1i1a1a1a1c1a1a1a1a1a1a1

H4
Lilac

item2e1a1i1a1a1a1d1a1a1a1a1a1a1

H0
White

item2e1a1i1a1a1a1e1a1b1a1a1a1a1

H5
Ruby

item2e1a1i1a1a1a1f1a1a1a1a1a1a1

H6
Cerise

item2e1a1i1a1a1a1g1a1a1a1a1a1a1

H7
Rose Pink

item2e1a1i1a1a1a1h1a1a1a1a1a1a1

H8
Pink

item2e1a1i1a1a1a1i1a1a1a1a1a1a1

Heather label moved from valid to invalid Heather

H9
Beetroot

item2e1a1i1a1a1a1j1a1a1a1a1a1a1

H10
Purple

item2e1a1i1a1a1a1k1a1a1a1a1a1a1

H11
Lilac Pink

item2e1a1i1a1a1a1l1a1a1a1a1a1a1

H12 Heliotrope
item2e1a1i1a1a1a1m1a1a1a1a1a1a1

 

H13 Crimson
item2e1a1i1a1a1a1n1a1a1a1a1a1a1

H14 Magenta
item2e1a1i1a1a1a1o1a1a1a1a1a1a1

H15
Salmon

item2e1a1i1a1a1a1p1a1a1a1a1a1a1

H16
Shell Pink

item2e1a1i1a1a1a1b1a1a1a1a1a1a1

H17 Multi-Coloured
item2e1a1i1a1a1a1e1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

 

 

 

 

 


Some heathers besides having flowers have foliage colours that change from 1 season to the next season in the UK -

  • Spring (March, April, May),
  • Summer (June, July, August),
  • Autumn (September, October, November) and
  • Winter (December, January, February).


The Shrub Heathers Comparison Gallery provides comparison pages of the:-

  • 18 flower colours with flower and flower stalk as shown in the menu table above,
  • 18 flower colours with flower and flower stalk in each of the months that heather flowers,
  • 7 foliage colours with foliage stalk and form per season as shown in the menu table above, and
  • Each of the Heather Cultivar Groups with flowers


THIS COMBINATION OF FOLIAGE COLOUR CHANGE CAN BE USED IN YOUR GARDEN DESIGN TO AID DIFFERENT GROUNDCOVER FOLIAGE COLOURS IN DIFFERENT SEASONS, together with the months of flower buds before flowering and the post months of seedheads.
 

 

 

"Handy Guide to Heathers - Descriptions & Suppliers of over 1000 varieties" by David & Anne Small. Published in 1992 by Denbeigh Heather Nurseries in the UK. ISBN 0-9519160-0-9. It provides a handy reference to descriptions of heathers in the genera Andromeda, Bruckenthalia, Calluna, Daboecia and Erica which are commercially cultivated in Britain, Europe and North America. The information has very largely come from the work of the Heather Society on producing an International Register of all heather names irrespective of whether they are in commercial use or not.

Heather Evergreen Shrub Name

Flower Colour

Flowering Months

Height x Spread in inches (cms) (1 inch = 2.5 cms, 12" = 1 foot = 30 cms)

Foliage Colour

Spring

Summer

Autumn

Winter


Other Heathers Index
with
Description in Table row 1
for
each other heather cultivar
Other Heather Index

 


Description in table row 1 with
Flower and Form in table row 2 and Foliage Photos in row 3
for
each other heather cultivar
Other Heather 1
Other Heather 2
Other Heather 3
Other Heather 4
 


"Handy Guide to Heathers - Descriptions & Suppliers of over 1000 varieties" by David & Anne Small. Published in 1992 by Denbeigh Heather Nurseries in the UK. ISBN 0-9519160-0-9. It provides a handy reference to descriptions of heathers in the genera Andromeda, Bruckenthalia, Calluna, Daboecia and Erica which are commercially cultivated in Britain, Europe and North America. The information has very largely come from the work of the Heather Society on producing an International Register of all heather names irrespective of whether they are in commercial use or not.

Erica griffithsii

"Griffiths's Heath is a Shrub to 0.5m tall; shoots erect or spreading; leaves in whorls of 4, to 8mm long; 1–4 flowers in axillary umbels on short leafy shoots, scented; calyx 4-lobed, variously coloured green or pink; corolla pink, campanulate, to 3mm long; stamens 8, erect, fully emerged; anthers without spurs.
Blooms in late summer and autumn.
A hybrid between Erica manipuliflora (whorled heath) and Erica vagans (Cornish heath) which occurred by chance in Britain in the mid-twentieth century. The clones are lime-tolerant, hardy (suitable for zone 6), and have the vigour of whorled heath and the compactness and early flowering of Cornish heath. Named after Professor John Griffiths, the first person to create the hybrid deliberately. " from The Heather Society.


Species: Erica x griffithsii:-

 

Since these heathers in this species are lime-tolerant, then I suggest that you "Prep the soil. Heaths and heathers are acid lovers, preferring a soil pH of 4.5-5.5. Although some heaths are more tolerant of alkaline soil, particularly Irish heath (Erica erigena), most types will struggle. Work in damp peat moss or other acidic soil amendments, particularly if your soil is pH neutral (6.5-7.5). Till or loosen the soil and dig holes twice as wide as each plant's root ball to encourage roots to spread.
Provide drainage. Without good drainage, these plants just won't grow. For clay soil (which provides neither the right pH nor proper drainage), build a raised bed with equal parts topsoil, sand, and composted bark or peat moss, which will create acidic soil that properly drains. For boggy soil (which may be the right pH but too wet), make a modest
berm." from Better Homes and Gardens in America.

 

"Erica x griffithsii : Griffiths's heath
 

• Erica x griffithsii Clones" from The Heather Society, who use the following in their descriptions - "Flower colours are indicated using the colours given in The Heather Society’s colour chart, with a code of the colour; thus, H9 is the code for the colour called beetroot. Flowering periods are indicated by Roman numerals from I to XII (each equivalent to a month); thus, for example, IX-XII means September to December (in northern hemisphere)."

 

 

"Erica x griffithsii are hybrids that tend to have the vigor of Erica manipuliflora and the compactness and early flowering of Erica vagans.  They seem to be able to grow well even in alkaline soil.  A few in this group used to be in the Erica manipuliflora group but have since been found to be hybrids.  So, if you used to know them as Erica manipuliflora, that is the reason for the change.
Hardy to at least Zone 6 (-10 degrees) and warmer. " from Heaths and Heathers.
 

'Ashlea Gold'
berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a38a1a5a42a43a1a2a2a1b2b2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spring Mar-May
item1d1a

 

Summer Jun-Aug
item1a1a1

Autumn Sep-Nov
item1b2a1

Winter Dec-Feb
item1c2a1

'Elegant Spike'

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spring Mar-May
item1e22a

 

Summer Jun-Aug
item1a2v1

Autumn Sep-Nov
item1b3v1

Winter Dec-Feb
item1c3v1

'Valerie Griffiths'

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spring Mar-May
item1e2a1

 

Summer Jun-Aug
item1a2a1a

Autumn Sep-Nov
item1b3a1a

Winter Dec-Feb
item1c3a1a

Erica lusitanica


"A tree heath found naturally on acid soil in Portugal, Northern Spain and South West France and has the longest flowering period of any tree heath. Capable of withstanding a considerable amount of drought." from The Handy Guide to Heathers by David and Anne Small.
 


Species: Erica lusitanica:-

"Erica lusitanica : Portuguese heath
White flowers, XII–V, buts sometimes tinged pink; mid-green foliage; open erect habit; height to 1-4.5m; spread 61–75cm; leaves in whorls of 4 (sometimes in 3s), to 7mm long; flowers numerous and crowded appearing to form elongated spikes: 1–4 flowers in each terminal umbel at tip of short, leafy lateral shoots; calyx conical, with 4 lobes, white, waxy; corolla white, often tinged pink in bud, bell-shaped to tubular, to 5mm long; stamens 8, included; filaments white, with hairs on lower third; anthers with 2 spurs; style-end emergent, tinged red; nectar copious.
Blooms in winter and spring.
Native in widely scattered and relatively small areas in western and southern Portugal; south-western and north-eastern Spain and south-western France (Gironde). Also occurs as a naturalized garden-escape in places are widely separated as Hawaii, Tasmania, England and California. It has the longest flowering period of any tree heath, and will grow in most soils and is suitable for hardiness zone 8." from The Heather Society.

 

"Erica lusitanica originates in southwest France, Spain and Portugal.  These tree heaths need acid soil.  They are quite drought tolerant.  They have naturalized in Northern California along the freeways and are successfully competing with the dreaded Scotch Broom.
Zone 7 (0 degrees) and warmer.  Take off heavy snow loads to avoid breakage." from Heaths and Heathers.

 

Erica lusitanica is treated as a weed in New Zealand and Australia.
 

Erica lusitanica and
Heather Index Gallery
Ericalusitanicacflo1garnonwilliams2

White - H0

March, April, May

40 x 28 (100 x 70)

Medium Green
berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a38a1a5a42a33c2

Medium Green

Medium Green

Medium Green
Ericalusitanicacfolwin1garnonwilliams2

Spring Mar-May
item1e20a1

 

Summer Jun-Aug
item1a2t1a

Autumn Sep-Nov
item1b3t1a

Winter Dec-Feb
item1c3t1a

'George Hunt' - H0
Ericalusitanicageorgehuntcflogarnonwilliams2

White - H0

March, April

28 x 18
(70 x 45)

Bright Yellow

Bright Yellow

Bright Yellow

Bright Yellow
Ericalusitanicageorgehuntcfolwingarnonwilliams2

Spring Mar-May
item1e19a1

 

Summer Jun-Aug
item1a2s1a

Autumn Sep-Nov
item1b3s1a

Winter Dec-Feb
item1c3s1a

'Sheffield Park'
berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a38a1a5a42a43a1a2a2a1b2a1d

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spring Mar-May
item1e18a1

 

Summer Jun-Aug
item1a2r1a

Autumn Sep-Nov
item1b3r1a

Winter Dec-Feb
item1c3r1a

Erica mackayana


"Another lime hater found naturally in boggy ground in western Ireland and north-west Spain. It provides neat ground cover, but is suspect in very dry conditions. It produces new shoots from the roots, which can be detached to form new plants." from The Handy Guide to Heathers by David and Anne Small.
 


Species - Erica mackayana (Syn. Erica crawfordii, Erica mackaii):-

"Erica mackayana. Another lime hater found naturally in boggy ground in Western Ireland and North-West Spain. It provides neat ground cover, but is suspect in very dry conditions. It produces new shoots from the roots, which can be detached to form new plants." from The Handy Guide to Heathers by David and Anne Small.

"Erica mackayana : Mackay's heath (formerly Erica mackaiana)
Bushy shrub to 1.5m tall, branches ascending or sprawling; leaves in evenly spaced whorls of 4, always spreading more or less horizontally, obovate, flat; terminal umbels of about 10 flowers, evenly spaced, not lop-sided; flowers stalks not woolly; calyx of 4 unequal, free, green sepals, to 3.5mm long, not woolly on outside; corolla urn-shaped, to 7mm long, pale to dark pink, usually darker on sunlit side, or pure white; stamens 8, included; anthers with spurs; style-end emergent; nectar produced.
Blooms in summer (and early autumn).
Only found in western Ireland (counties Kerry, Galway, Mayo, Donegal) and northern Spain. Plants of Irish origin are hardy to zone 7 with protection, while the taller, more vigorous plants of Spanish origin vary from zone 8 to zone 7. All require damp, lime-free soil, and provide neat ground-cover but are suspect in dry conditions. Erica mackayana produces new shoots from the roots which can be detached to form new plants.
Closely related to cross-leaved heath (Erica tetralix) and also to the Andévalo heath (Erica andevalensis):-

"Erica mackayana grows naturally in boggy ground in W. Ireland and NW Spain.  It makes a neat ground cover that always attracts attention.  It is a superb foliage plant.  It is a lime hater.  Struggles in very dry spots.  Foliage is damaged at 10 degrees.  We think some in this group are hardy to only Zone 8. With protection, it can be grown in Zone 7 (0 degrees F) and warmer.  Rare plants in nurseries." from Heaths and Heathers in USA.
 

'Donegal'
berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a38a1a5a42a43a1a2a2a1b2a1a3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spring Mar-May
item1e16a1

 

Summer Jun-Aug
item1a2p1a

Autumn Sep-Nov
item1b3p1a

Winter Dec-Feb
item1c3p1a

f. eburnea
'Doctor Ronald Gray'
berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a38a1a5a42a43a1a2a2a1b2a1b2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spring Mar-May
item1e15a1

 

Summer Jun-Aug
item1a2o1a

Autumn Sep-Nov
item1b3o1a

Winter Dec-Feb
item1c3o1a

'Errigal Dusk'

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spring Mar-May
item1e14a1

 

Summer Jun-Aug
item1a2n1a

Autumn Sep-Nov
item1b3n1a

Winter Dec-Feb
item1c3n1a

'Maura' - H12
berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a38a1a5a42a33b

Heliotrope - H12

July, August, September

10 x 14
(25 x 35)

Mid Grey-Green

Mid Grey-Green

Mid Grey-Green

Mid Grey-Green

Spring Mar-May
item1e13a1

 

Summer Jun-Aug
item1a2m1a

Autumn Sep-Nov
item1b3m1a

Winter Dec-Feb
item1c3m1a

f. multiplicata 'Plena'
berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a38a1a5a42a43a1a2a2a1b2a1a1c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spring Mar-May
item1e12a1

 

Summer Jun-Aug
item1a2l1a

Autumn Sep-Nov
item1b3l1a

Winter Dec-Feb
item1c3l1a

'Plena'

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spring Mar-May
item1e11a1

 

Summer Jun-Aug
item1a2k1a

Autumn Sep-Nov
item1b3k1a

Winter Dec-Feb
item1c3k1a

'Shining Light'

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spring Mar-May
item1e10a1

 

Summer Jun-Aug
item1a2j1a

Autumn Sep-Nov
item1b3j1a

Winter Dec-Feb
item1c3j1a

Erica manipuliflora


"An eastern Mediterranean species which is lime tolerant, and happily grows on magnesium deficient soils (unlike Erica vagans). There are 2 distinct populations now classified as sub-species:-

  • Erica manipuliflora ssp anthura
    This sub-species is found bordering the Adriatic and in Turkey having close inflorescences like Erica vagans, brown stems and leaves to 7mm usually spreading. It is hardier than the other sub-species.
  • Erica manipuliflora ssp manipiliflora
    The typical sub-species found in the central and eastern Aegean area, has narrow interrupted inflorescenses, very short erect leaves and whitish stems. Likely to suffer damage at temperatures below -10 degrees Centigrade." from The Handy Guide to Heathers by David and Anne Small."
     


Species: Erica manipuliflora:-

 

"Erica manipuliflora : whorled heath
synonym: Erica verticillata (invalid).
Shrub, erect or spreading or prostrate (especially at high altitude), to 4m tall; leaves in whorls of 3 or 4, to 9mm long; flowers 1–5 in axillary umbels on very short shoots; calyx of 4 free sepals or 4-lobed with unequal lobes fused at base; corolla bell-shaped, to 4.5 mm long, in varying shades of mauve or pink, or rarely white (Erica manipuliflora f. albiflora); stamens 8, emergent; anther without spurs; nectar produced.
Blooms in late summer and autumn.
An eastern Mediterranean species occurring from Italy (Apulia) through Croatia, Montenegro, Albania, Greece (including Crete, and the Ionian and Aegean islands), Turkey, northern Cyprus, Syria, and Lebanon. It is lime-tolerant and happily grows on magnesium-deficient soils. Suitable for hardiness zone 8.
Closely related to Cornish heath (Erica vagans). Only pink-flowered cultivars are commercially available at present but white-flowered plants are known in cultivation (one clone has been named 'Olivia Hall' but it is not commercially available).

Erica manipuliflora " from The Heather Society.

 

"Prep the soil. Heaths and heathers are acid lovers, preferring a soil pH of 4.5-5.5. Although some heaths are more tolerant of alkaline soil, particularly Irish heath (Erica erigena), most types will struggle. Work in damp peat moss or other acidic soil amendments, particularly if your soil is pH neutral (6.5-7.5). Till or loosen the soil and dig holes twice as wide as each plant's root ball to encourage roots to spread.
Provide drainage. Without good drainage, these plants just won't grow. For clay soil (which provides neither the right pH nor proper drainage), build a raised bed with equal parts topsoil, sand, and composted bark or peat moss, which will create acidic soil that properly drains. For boggy soil (which may be the right pH but too wet), make a modest
berm." from Better Homes and Gardens in America.

 

"Erica manipuliflora originate in the eastern Mediterranean.  They are tall and have a spiky habit.  One of the few fragrant Ericas.  They are lime tolerant.  Rarely found in nurseries.  Some formerly in this group are now listed under Erica x griffithsii.
Hardy to Zone 7 (0 degrees) with protection and warmer." from Heaths and Heathers.
 

Erica manipuliflora

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spring Mar-May
item1e9a1

 

Summer Jun-Aug
item1a2i1a

Autumn Sep-Nov
item1b3i1a

Winter Dec-Feb
item1c3i1a

Erica manipuliflora ssp anthura
'Corfu'

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spring Mar-May
item1e8a1

 

Summer Jun-Aug
item1a2h1a

Autumn Sep-Nov
item1b3h1a

Winter Dec-Feb
item1c3h1a

Erica manipuliflora ssp anthura
'Don Richards'

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spring Mar-May
item1e7a1

 

Summer Jun-Aug
item1a2g1a

Autumn Sep-Nov
item1b3g1a

Winter Dec-Feb
item1c3g1a

Erica manipuliflora ssp anthura
'Korcula'

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spring Mar-May
item1e1a1

 

Summer Jun-Aug
item1a2f1a

Autumn Sep-Nov
item1b3f1a

Winter Dec-Feb
item1c3f1a

Erica manipuliflora ssp manipuliflora
'Aldeburgh'

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spring Mar-May
item1e6a1

 

Summer Jun-Aug
item1a2e1a

Autumn Sep-Nov
item1b3e1a

Winter Dec-Feb
item1c3e1a

Erica oldenburgensis


"Oldenburg Heath is a Shrub to 1m tall; leaves in whorls of 3, linear, to 1cm long; flowers on axillary shoots in terminal whorls of 3–5; calyx with 4 unequal lobes, waxy, thicker in texture than corolla, usually white with green or yellow-green tips; corolla ovoid, pink, to 5mm long; stamens 8, often malformed; anthers without spurs.
Blooms in winter to late spring.
Deliberately created hybrid between tree heather (Erica arborea) and winter heath (Erica carnea)which have inherited the hardiness of the winter heath, created by Kurt Kramer (Edewecht, Germany). They exhibit brightly coloured new growth in spring. Lime-tolerant and suitable for zones 5-9. " from The Heather Society.
 


"Erica x oldenburgensis : Oldenburg heath

The 2 varieties:-

  • ‘Ammerland’
    Soft pink flowers, March-May, with mid-green foliage which is tipped with vivid orange in spring. Looking more like Erica arborea, it has a much more compact and rounded habit. Named after a region in northern Germany.
  • ‘Oldenburg’
    White flowers, March-May, with mid-green Erica arborea like foliage. Broad spreading habit. This hybrid was deliberately raised by Kurt Kramer in Germany and named after the region in which he lives." from The Heather Society.
     

"Prep the soil. Heaths and heathers are acid lovers, preferring a soil pH of 4.5-5.5. Although some heaths are more tolerant of alkaline soil, particularly Irish heath (Erica erigena), most types will struggle. Work in damp peat moss or other acidic soil amendments, particularly if your soil is pH neutral (6.5-7.5). Till or loosen the soil and dig holes twice as wide as each plant's root ball to encourage roots to spread.
Provide drainage. Without good drainage, these plants just won't grow. For clay soil (which provides neither the right pH nor proper drainage), build a raised bed with equal parts topsoil, sand, and composted bark or peat moss, which will create acidic soil that properly drains. For boggy soil (which may be the right pH but too wet), make a modest
berm." from Better Homes and Gardens in America.
 

ammerland
berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a38a1a5a42a43a1a2a2a1b2b1b2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spring Mar-May
item1e4a1

 

Summer Jun-Aug
item1a2c1a

Autumn Sep-Nov
item1b3c1a

Winter Dec-Feb
item1c3c1a

oldenburgh

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spring Mar-May
item1n7a1

 

Summer Jun-Aug
item1a11g1a

Autumn Sep-Nov
item1b12f1a

Winter Dec-Feb
item1c12f1a

Erica spiculifolia


"A dwarf, heather like shrub with tiny dense foliage with flowers displayed above the plant in short compact racemes. Ideal for the heather garden with a flowering season earlier than most Daboecia and Erica cinerea." from The Handy Guide to Heathers by David and Anne Small.
 


Species - Erica spiculifolia:-

"This evergreen shrublet found in acid, sub-alpine regions of the Balkan peninsula and northern Turkey. It has small, needle-like dark green leaves with short dense racemes of usually pink flowers which are held above the plant, usually in June but sometimes later. A dwarf plant which is highly recommended for the small heather garden as it flowers between the winter-flowering and early summer-flowering heathers. It requires a lime-free soil and thrives best in full sun." from Spring Park Nursery.

"Erica spiculifolia (Bruckenthalia) - Bruckenthalia's beautiful name has been changed to plain old Erica.  This is probably the hardiest heath of all.  When all others are damaged, Bruckenthalia remains unharmed.  Needs good drainage, acid soil and sun.  The flowers are held above the plants in short compact racemes.  It is an early season bloomer and sometimes blooms again in the fall.  They rot off at the base branch by branch if too wet. Zone 4 (-30 below) - probably Zone 3 - and warmer." from Heaths and Heathers.
 

Erica spiculifolia

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spring Mar-May
item1n5a1

 

Summer Jun-Aug
item1a11e1a

Autumn Sep-Nov
item1b12d1a

Winter Dec-Feb
item1c12d1a

Erica spiculifolia 'Balkan Rose'
berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a38a1a5a42a43a1a2a2a1b2a1a1a2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spring Mar-May
item1n4a1

 

Summer Jun-Aug
item1a11d1a

Autumn Sep-Nov
item1b12c1a

Winter Dec-Feb
item1c12c1a

Erica x stuartii


"A natural hybrid between Erica mackaiana and Erica tetralix in Connemara and Donegal, Ireland. It is apparently absent from north-west Spain, the only site where the 2 parents co-exist." from The Handy Guide to Heathers by David and Anne Small.
 


Species: Erica x stuartii:-

 

"Erica x stuartii : Praeger's heath, Stuart's heath
synonym: Erica x praegeri

Low shrub usually less than 0.5m tall; young shoots often brightly coloured; leaves in whorls of 4, more or less evenly spaced but internodes increasing in length towards inflorescence; flowers in terminal umbel; calyx with 4 separate, often unequal sepals, to 3mm long; corolla urn-shaped, pink; stamens 8, included; anthers with spurs; nectar produced, conspicuous.

Blooms in summer and autumn.

Praeger's heath is a naturally occurring hybrid between Mackay's heath (Erica mackayana) and cross-leaved heath (Erica tetralix) which has been known for a long time from Connemara and Donegal but also occurs in Kerry and has recently been reported from northern Spain. Its habit and cultural requirements are similar to those for the Irish clones of Mackay's heath. All the named cultivars exhibit brightly coloured spring growth and are suitable for hardiness zone 7.

 

 

"Erica x stuartii natural hybrid of Erica mackaiana and Erica tetralix.  It prefers acid soil.  Unfortunately, these are virtually unknown by American gardeners.  When we take them to sales, they are top sellers in spring with their beautiful tip color.

Zones 5 (-20 degrees) and warmer." from Heaths and Heathers.
 

'Connemara' - H14 and
Heather Index Gallery
berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a38a1a5a42a34b

Magenta - H14

July, August, September

10 x 20
(25 x 50)

Dark Grey Green

Dark Grey Green

Dark Grey Green

Dark Grey Green

Spring Mar-May
item1n2a1

 

Summer Jun-Aug
item1a11b1a

Autumn Sep-Nov
item1b12a1a

Winter Dec-Feb
item1c12a1a

'Irish Lemon' (Erica erigena 'Irish Lemon' in error for Erica x stuartii 'Irish Lemon'

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spring Mar-May
item1n1a

 

Summer Jun-Aug
item1a11a1

Autumn Sep-Nov
item1b12g1

Winter Dec-Feb
item1c12g1

'Irish Orange'
berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a38a1a5a42a43a2a1a1b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spring Mar-May
item1m1a

 

Summer Jun-Aug
item1a10a1

Autumn Sep-Nov
item1b11a1

Winter Dec-Feb
item1c11a1

'Nacung'
berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a38a1a5a42a43a2a1a2c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spring Mar-May
item1l1a

 

Summer Jun-Aug
item1a9a1

Autumn Sep-Nov
item1b10a1

Winter Dec-Feb
item1c10a1

'Stuartii'

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spring Mar-May
item1k1a

 

Summer Jun-Aug
item1a8a1

Autumn Sep-Nov
item1b9a1

Winter Dec-Feb
item1c9a1


berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a38a1a5a42a3a1a1x1a1a10a1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spring Mar-May
item1j1a

 

Summer Jun-Aug
item1a7a1

Autumn Sep-Nov
item1b8a1

Winter Dec-Feb
item1c8a1


berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a38a1a5a42a3a1a1x1a1a9a1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spring Mar-May
item1i1a

 

Summer Jun-Aug
item1a6a1

Autumn Sep-Nov
item1b7a1

Winter Dec-Feb
item1c7a1


berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a38a1a5a42a3a1a1x1a1a8a1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spring Mar-May
item1h1a

 

Summer Jun-Aug
item1a5a1

Autumn Sep-Nov
item1b6a1

Winter Dec-Feb
item1c6a1


berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a38a1a5a42a3a1a1x1a1a7a1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spring Mar-May
item1g1a

 

Summer Jun-Aug
item1a4a1

Autumn Sep-Nov
item1b5a1

Winter Dec-Feb
item1c5a1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677

 

 

Site design and content copyright ©May 2012.
Page structure amended January 2013.
Index pages added with thumbnails November 2018.
Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.

 

Heather Evergreen Shrub Name

Flower Colour

Flowering Months

Height x Spread in inches (cms) (1 inch = 2.5 cms, 12" = 1 foot = 30 cms)

Foliage Colour

Spring

Summer

Autumn

Winter


Other Heathers Index
with
Description in Table row 1
for
each other heather cultivar
Other Heather Index

 


Description in table row 1 with
Flower and Form in table row 2 and Foliage Photos in row 3
for
each other heather cultivar
Other Heather 1
Other Heather 2
Other Heather 3
Other Heather 4
 


"Handy Guide to Heathers - Descriptions & Suppliers of over 1000 varieties" by David & Anne Small. Published in 1992 by Denbeigh Heather Nurseries in the UK. ISBN 0-9519160-0-9. It provides a handy reference to descriptions of heathers in the genera Andromeda, Bruckenthalia, Calluna, Daboecia and Erica which are commercially cultivated in Britain, Europe and North America. The information has very largely come from the work of the Heather Society on producing an International Register of all heather names irrespective of whether they are in commercial use or not.

Erica griffithsii

"Griffiths's Heath is a Shrub to 0.5m tall; shoots erect or spreading; leaves in whorls of 4, to 8mm long; 1–4 flowers in axillary umbels on short leafy shoots, scented; calyx 4-lobed, variously coloured green or pink; corolla pink, campanulate, to 3mm long; stamens 8, erect, fully emerged; anthers without spurs.
Blooms in late summer and autumn.
A hybrid between Erica manipuliflora (whorled heath) and Erica vagans (Cornish heath) which occurred by chance in Britain in the mid-twentieth century. The clones are lime-tolerant, hardy (suitable for zone 6), and have the vigour of whorled heath and the compactness and early flowering of Cornish heath. Named after Professor John Griffiths, the first person to create the hybrid deliberately. " from The Heather Society.

'Ashlea Gold'
berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a38a1a5a42a43a1a2a2a1b2b1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item132a1a1a1

 

item1a32a1a1a1

'Elegant Spike'

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item133a1a1a1

 

item1a33a1a1a1

'Valerie Griffiths'

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item134a1a1a1

 

item1a34a1a1a1

Erica lusitanica


"A tree heath found naturally on acid soil in Portugal, Northern Spain and South West France and has the longest flowering period of any tree heath. Capable of withstanding a considerable amount of drought."
 

Erica lusitanica and
Heather Index Gallery
Ericalusitanicacflo1garnonwilliams1

White - H0

March, April, May

40 x 28 (100 x 70)

Medium Green
berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a38a1a5a42a33c1

Medium Green

Medium Green

Medium Green
Ericalusitanicacfolwin1garnonwilliams1

item136a1a1a1

 

item1a36a1a1a1

'George Hunt' - H0
Ericalusitanicageorgehuntcflogarnonwilliams1

White - H0

March, April

28 x 18
(70 x 45)

Bright Yellow

Bright Yellow

Bright Yellow

Bright Yellow
Ericalusitanicageorgehuntcfolwingarnonwilliams1

item137a1a1a1

 

item1a37a1a1a1

'Sheffield Park'
berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a38a1a5a42a43a1a2a2a1b2a1c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item138a1a1a

 

item1a38a1a1a

Erica mackayana


"Another lime hater found naturally in boggy ground in western Ireland and north-west Spain. It provides neat ground cover, but is suspect in very dry conditions. It produces new shoots from the roots, which can be detached to form new plants." from The Handy Guide to Heathers by David and Anne Small.
 

'Donegal'
berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a38a1a5a42a43a1a2a2a1b2a1a2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item1c1a1a1a

 

item1a3a1a1a1

f. eburnea
'Doctor Ronald Gray'
berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a38a1a5a42a43a1a2a2a1b2a1b1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item1d1a1a1a

 

item1a4a1a1a1

'Errigal Dusk'

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item1e1a1a1a

 

item1a5a1a1a1

'Maura' - H12
berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a38a1a5a42a33a

Heliotrope - H12

July, August, September

10 x 14
(25 x 35)

Mid Grey-Green

Mid Grey-Green

Mid Grey-Green

Mid Grey-Green

item1f1a1a1a

 

item1a6a1a1a1

f. multiplicata 'Plena'
berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a38a1a5a42a43a1a2a2a1b2a1a1b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item1g1a1a1a

 

item1a7a1a1a1

'Plena'

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item1h1a1a1a

 

item1a8a1a1a1

'Shining Light'

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item1i1a1a1a

 

item1a9a1a1a1

Erica manipuliflora


"An eastern Mediterranean species which is lime tolerant, and happily grows on magnesium deficient soils (unlike Erica vagans). There are 2 distinct populations now classified as sub-species:-

  • Erica manipuliflora ssp anthura
    This sub-species is found bordering the Adriatic and in Turkey having close inflorescences like Erica vagans, brown stems and leaves to 7mm usually spreading. It is hardier than the other sub-species.
  • Erica manipuliflora ssp manipiliflora
    The typical sub-species found in the central and eastern Aegean area, has narrow interrupted inflorescenses, very short erect leaves and whitish stems. Likely to suffer damage at temperatures below -10 degrees Centigrade." from The Handy Guide to Heathers by David and Anne Small."
     

Erica manipuliflora

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item1k1a1a1a

 

item1a11a1a1a1

Erica manipuliflora ssp anthura
'Corfu'

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item1l1a1a1a

 

item1a12a1a1a1

Erica manipuliflora ssp anthura
'Don Richards'

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item1m1a1a1a

 

item1a13a1a1a1

Erica manipuliflora ssp anthura
'Korcula'

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item1n1a1a1a

 

item1a14a1a1a1

Erica manipuliflora ssp manipuliflora
'Aldeburgh'

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item1o1a1a1a

 

item1a15a1a1a1

Erica oldenburgensis


"Oldenburg Heath is a Shrub to 1m tall; leaves in whorls of 3, linear, to 1cm long; flowers on axillary shoots in terminal whorls of 3–5; calyx with 4 unequal lobes, waxy, thicker in texture than corolla, usually white with green or yellow-green tips; corolla ovoid, pink, to 5mm long; stamens 8, often malformed; anthers without spurs.
Blooms in winter to late spring.
Deliberately created hybrid between tree heather (Erica arborea) and winter heath (Erica carnea)which have inherited the hardiness of the winter heath, created by Kurt Kramer (Edewecht, Germany). They exhibit brightly coloured new growth in spring. Lime-tolerant and suitable for zones 5-9. " from The Heather Society.
 

ammerland
berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a38a1a5a42a43a1a2a2a1b2b1b1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item1q1a1a1a

 

item1a17a1a1a1

oldenburgh

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item1r1a1a1a

 

item1a18a1a1a1

Erica spiculifolia


"A dwarf, heather like shrub with tiny dense foliage with flowers displayed above the plant in short compact racemes. Ideal for the heather garden with a flowering season earlier than most Daboecia and Erica cinerea." from The Handy Guide to Heathers by David and Anne Small.
 

Erica spiculifolia

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item1t1a1a1a

 

item1a20a1a1a1

Erica spiculifolia 'Balkan Rose'
berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a38a1a5a42a43a1a2a2a1b2a1a1a1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item1u1a1a1a

 

item1a21a1a1a1

Erica x stuartii


"A natural hybrid between Erica mackaiana and Erica tetralix in Connemara and Donegal, Ireland. It is apparently absent from north-west Spain, the only site where the 2 parents co-exist." from The Handy Guide to Heathers by David and Anne Small.
 

'Connemara' - H14 and
Heather Index Gallery
berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a38a1a5a42a34a

Magenta - H14

July, August, September

10 x 20
(25 x 50)

Dark Grey Green

Dark Grey Green

Dark Grey Green

Dark Grey Green

item1w1a1a1a

 

item1a23a1a1a1

'Irish Lemon' (Erica erigena 'Irish Lemon' in error for Erica x stuartii 'Irish Lemon'

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item1x1a1a1a

 

item1a24a1a1a1

'Irish Orange'
berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a38a1a5a42a43a2a1a1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item1y1a1a1a

 

item1a25a1a1a1

'Nacung'
berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a38a1a5a42a43a2a1a2b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item1z1a1a1a

 

item1a26a1a1a1

'Stuartii'

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item127a1a1a1

 

item1a27a1a1a1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item128a1a1a1

 

item1a28a1a1a1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item129a1a1a1

 

item1a29a1a1a1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item130a1a1a1

 

item1a30a1a1a1

Topic
Remaining Topic Table is now on the right hand side.


Plants

...Plant Selection of 6 levels with lists by:

1 - Plant Use including Bee Pollinated Plants for Hay Fever Sufferers, Groundcover and
Poisonous Plants

2 - Plants for Soil
Any, Chalk, Clay, Lime-free, Sandy, Peaty
2a Plant Requirements
2b Form - Tree Growth Shape
Columnar

2b Shrub/ Perennial Growth Habit
Mat

2c - Garden Use
Bedding

2d - Plant Type
Bulb


Refining Selection
3a - Flower Colour
Blue Flowers
Photos -
Bedding

Bulb
Climber
Evergr Per
Evergr Shrub
Wild Flower
3b - Flower Shape
Photos -
Bedding

Evergr Per
Herbac Per
3c - Foliage Colour
Large Leaves

Other

Non-Green Foliage 1
Non-Green Foliage 2
Sword-shaped Leaves

4 - Pruning Requirements
Pruning Plants

5 - 1000 Groundcover Plants
Plant Name - A

6 - Then, finally use
COMPANION PLANTING to

aid your plant selected or to
deter Pests



Topic - Plant Photo Galleries
Evergreen Shrub
...Shrubs - Evgr
...Shrub Heathers
......Gallery,
......Species Index Page with
......Pages describing each Heather of that Species Index Page

......Andromeda
.........Andromeda In
......
Bruckenthalia
......Calluna
.........Index AC
.........AB-AP,
.........AP-BU,
.........BU-CW,
.........
Index D-G
.........DB-FA,
.........FA-GO,
.........GO-GU,
.........
Index H-L
.........HA-IN,
.........IN-LO,
.........LO-LY,
.........
Index M-R
.........MA-PA,
.........PA-RO,
.........RO-RU,
.........
Index S-Z
.........SA-SO,
.........SP-WH,
.........WI-YV

......Daboecia
.........Daboecia In
.........Index
.........cantabrica
.........x scotica

......Erica: Carnea
.........Carnea Index
.........AD-JO
.........JO-RO
.........RU-WI
......Erica: Cinerea
.........Index
.........AM-HE,
.........HO-RO,
.........RO-WI

......Erica: Others
.........Others Index
.........Others 1
.........Others 2
.........Others 3
.........Others 4
.........
Darleyensis In
.........darleyensis 1
.........darleyensis 2
.........
Tetralix Index
.........tetralix
.........
Vagans Index
.........vagans
...Heather Shrub
...Heather Index

 

 

STAGE 4C CULTIVATION, POSITION, USE GALLERY

 

Cultivation Requirements of Plant

Outdoor / Garden Cultivation

1

Indoor / House Cultivation

1

Cool Greenhouse (and Alpine House) Cultivation with artificial heating in the Winter

1

Conservatory Cultivation with heating throughout the year

1

Stovehouse Cultivation with heating throughout the year for Tropical Plants

1

 

Sun Aspect

Full Sun

1

Part Shade

1

Full Shade

1

 

Soil Type

Any Soil

1

Chalky Soil

1

Clay Soil

1

Lime-Free Soil

1

Peaty Soil

1

Sandy Soil

1

Acid Soil

1

Alkaline Soil

1

Badly-drained Soil

1

 

Soil Moisture

Dry

1

Moist

1

Wet

1

 

Position for Plant

Back of Shady Border

1

Back of Shrub Border

1

Bedding

1

Bog Garden

1

Coastal Conditions / Seaside

1

Container in Garden

1

Front of Border

1

Ground Cover 0-24 inches (0-60 cms)

1

Ground Cover 24-72 inches (60-180 cms)

1

Ground Cover Over 72 inches (180 cms)

1

Hanging Basket

1

Hedge

1

Hedge - Thorny

1

Pollution Barrier

1

Pond

1

Pot in House, Greenhouse, Conservatory or Stovehouse

1

Raised Bed

1

Rest of Border

1

Rock Garden

1

Scree Bed

1

Speciman on Lawn

1

Sunny Border

1

Tree for Lawn

1

Tree/Shrub for Small Garden

1, 2,
3, 4,
5, 6,
7, 8,
9, 10,
11,12,
13,14,
15,16,
uses of tree/ shrub

Wildflower

1

Windbreak

1

Woodland

1

 

Use of Plant

Pollen or nectar for Bees

1

Hosts to Butterflies

1

Encouraging birds / wildlife, providing food and shelter

1

Bee-Pollinated plants for Hay Fever Sufferers

1

Berries / Fruit

1

Dry Site in Full Sun

1

Dry Shade

1

Filtering noise

1

Flower Arrange-ments

1

Fragrant Flower

1

Language of Flowers

1

Low maintenance

1

Moist Shade

1

Moist and swampy Sites

1

Nitrogen fixing plants

1

Not Fragrant Flower

1

Rabbit-Resistant

1

Speciman Plant

1

Thornless

1

Tolerant of Poor Soil

1

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Plant Foliage

Aromatic Foliage

1

Autumn Foliage

1

Finely Cut Leaves

1

Large Leaves

1

Yellow Variegated Foliage

1

White Variegated Foliage

1

Red / Purple Variegated Foliage

1

Silver, Grey and Glaucous Foliage

1

Sword-shaped Leaves

1

 

 

Flower Shape

Number of Flower Petals

Petal-less
lessershapemeadowrue2a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

1 Petal

1

2 Petals

1

3 Petals
irisflotpseudacorus1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

4 Petals
aethionemacfloarmenumfoord1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

5 Petals
anemonecflo1hybridafoord1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Above 5
anemonecflo1blandafoord1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

 

Flower Shape - Simple

Stars
anthericumcfloliliagofoord1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Bowls
 

1

Cups and Saucers
euphorbiacflo1wallichiigarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Globes
paeoniamlokosewitschiiflot1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Goblets and Chalices
paeoniaveitchiiwoodwardiiflot1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Trumpets
acantholimoncfloglumaceumfoord1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Funnels
stachysflotmacrantha1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Bells
digitalismertonensiscflorvroger1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Thimbles
fuchsiaflotcalicehoffman1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Urns
ericacarneacflosspringwoodwhitedeeproot1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Salverform

phloxflotsubulatatemiskaming1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

 

Flower Shape - Elaborated

Tubes, Lips and Straps
prunellaflotgrandiflora1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Slippers, Spurs and Lockets
aquilegiacfloformosafoord1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Hats, Hoods and Helmets
acanthusspinosuscflocoblands1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Standards, Wings and Keels
lathyrusflotvernus1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Discs and Florets
brachyscomecflorigidulakevock1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Pin-Cushions
echinaceacflo1purpurealustrehybridsgarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Tufts
centaureacfloatropurpureakavanagh1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Cushion
androsacecforyargongensiskevock1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Umbel
agapanthuscflos1campanulatusalbidusgarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Buttons
argyranthemumflotcmadeiracrestedyellow1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Pompoms
armeriacflomaritimakevock1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

 

Natural Arrangements

Bunches, Posies, Sprays
bergeniamorningredcforcoblands1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Columns, Spikes and Spires
ajugacfloreptansatropurpurea1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Whorls, Tiers and Candelabra
lamiumflotorvala2a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Plumes and Tails
astilbepurplelancecflokevock1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Chains and Tassels
 

1

Clouds, Garlands and Cascades
 

1

Spheres, Domes (Clusters), Plates and Drumsticks
androsacecfor1albanakevock1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Shrub, Tree Shape

Columnar
ccolumnarshape1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Oval
covalshape1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Rounded or Spherical
croundedshape1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Flattened Spherical
cflattenedsphericalshape1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Narrow Conical / Narrow Pyramidal
cnarrowconicalshape1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Broad Conical / Broad Pyramidal
cbroadpyramidalshape1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Ovoid /
Egg-Shaped

ceggshapedshape1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Broad Ovoid
cbroadovoidshape1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Narrow Vase-shaped / Inverted Ovoid
cnarrowvaseshapedshape1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Fan-Shaped /Vase-Shaped
cfanshapedshape1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Broad Fan-Shaped / Broad Vase-Shaped
cbroadfanshapedshape1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Narrow Weeping
cnarrowweepingshape1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Broad Weeping
cbroadweepingshape1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Palm

1

 

Conifer Cone

1

 

Form

Arching

1

Climbing

1

Clump-Forming

1

Mat-Forming

1

Mound-Forming

1

Prostrate

1

Spreading

1

Stemless

1

Upright

1

 

Poisonous Plant

1

 

STAGE 1
GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY

 

Fragrant Plants adds the use of another of your 5 senses in your garden:-
Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Leaves
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5

Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Bark
1
, 2, 3

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an
Acid Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4

Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
1
, 2, 3

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Leaves
1
, 2, 3

Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves
1
, 2

Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5

Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit
1
, 2, 3

Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2

Night-scented Flowering Plants
1
, 2

Scented Aquatic Plants
1


Plants with Scented Fruits
1


Plants with Scented Roots
1
, 2

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Wood
1


Trees and Shrubs with Scented Gums
1


Scented Cacti and Succulents
1


Plants bearing Flowers or Leaves of Unpleasant Smell
1
, 2
 

 

STAGE 2
INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERY 3

Fan-trained Shape
fantrainedshape2a1a1a1a1a1

From Rhododendrons, boxwood, azaleas, clematis, novelties, bay trees, hardy plants, evergreens : novelties bulbs, cannas novelties, palms, araucarias, ferns, vines, orchids, flowering shrubs, ornamental grasses and trees book, via Wikimedia Commons

 

Ramblers Scramblers & Twiners by Michael Jefferson-Brown (ISBN 0 - 7153 - 0942 - 0) describes how to choose, plant and nurture over 500 high-performance climbing plants and wall shrubs, so that more can be made of your garden if you think not just laterally on the ground but use the vertical support structures including the house as well.

The Gardener's Illustrated Encyclopedia of Climbers & Wall Shrubs - A Guide to more than 2000 varieties including Roses, Clematis and Fruit Trees by Brian Davis. (ISBN 0-670-82929-3) provides the lists for 'Choosing the right Shrub or Climber' together with Average Height and Spread after 5 years, 10 years and 20 years.

 

STAGE 2
INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3


Gardening with Alpines by Stanley B. Whitehead. Garden Book Club.
Published in 1962. It provides most of the data about the Alpines.

Plant Solutions 1000+ suggestions for every garden situation by Nigel Colborn ISBN
13:978
0 00 719312 7, provides many of the plants for the pages in these Galleries.

Essential Annuals The 100 Best for Design and Cultivation. Text by Elizabeth Murray. Photography by Derek Fell. ISBN 0-517-66177-2, provides data about annuals.

Indoor Bulb
Growing by
Edward Pearson
. Published by Purnell & Sons, Ltd in 1953. It provides the data about Indoor Bulbs and Bulbs in
Window-boxes.

Colour All The
Year In My Garden
: A selection of choice varieties - annuals, biennials, perennials, bulbs, climbers and trees and shrubs - that will give a continuity of colour
in the garden throughout the year. Edited by C.H. Middleton. Gardening Book
from Ward, Lock & Co published in 1938, provides plant data for a calendar of plants in bloom throughout the year and for those in the smallest garden.
The Book of Bulbs by S. Arnott, F.R.H.S. Printed by
Turnbull & Spears, Edinburgh in 1901. This provides data about Hardy Bulbs, Half-Hardy Bulbs, Greenhouse and Stove Bulbs.

Collins Guide to
Bulbs by Patrick
M. Synge
. ISBN
0 00 214016-0
First Edition 1961, Second Edition 1971, Reprinted 1973. This provides data on bulbs for bedding, bulbs in the border, bulbs naturalised in grass, bulbs in the woodland garden, bulbs in the rock garden, bulbs in pans in the alpine house, bulbs in the greenhouse, bulbs in bowls and the bulb frame.

Annuals & Biennials, the best annual and biennial plants and their uses in the garden by Gertrude Jekyll published in 1916 and
republished by Forgotten Books in 2012
(Forgotten Books
is a London-based book publisher specializing in the restoration of old books, both fiction and non-fiction. Today we have
372,702 books available to read online, download as ebooks, or
purchase in print.).

Cut Flowers All The Year from The New Illustrated
Gardening Encyclopedia
by Richard Sudell, printed before May 1935 for the plant names in each month, followed by details for culture and propagation.

Mr. Middleton's Garden Book by
Daily Express Publication,
reprinted 1941
for the individual
cultivar names with evergreen/
deciduous, flower colour, flower month and height.

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Tree and Shrubs in Garden Design -

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Clay Soils (neutral to slightly acid)

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Dry Acid Soils

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Shallow Soil over Chalk

Trees and Shrubs tolerant of both extreme Acidity and Alkalinity

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Damp Sites

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Industrial Areas

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Cold Exposed Areas

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Seaside Areas

Shrubs suitable for Heavy Shade

Shrubs and Climbers suitable for NORTH- and EAST-facing Walls

Shrubs suitable for Ground Cover

Trees of Pendulous Habit

Trees and Shrubs of Upright or Fastigiate Habit

Trees and Shrubs with Ornamental Bark or Twigs

Trees and Shrubs with Bold Foliage

Trees and Shrubs for Autumn Colour

Trees and Shrubs with Red or Purple Foliage

Trees and Shrubs with Golden or Yellow Foliage

Trees and Shrubs with Grey or Silver Foliage

Trees and Shrubs with Variegated Foliage

Trees and Shrubs bearing Ornamental Fruit

Trees and Shrubs with Fragrant or Scented Flowers

Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Foliage

Flowering Trees and Shrubs for Every Month:-
Jan
, Feb, Mar, Apr, May, Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct, Nov, Dec

Topic
Case Studies
...Drive Foundations
Ryegrass and turf kills plants within Roadstone and in Topsoil due to it starving and dehydrating them.
CedarGravel creates stable drive surface and drains rain into your ground, rather than onto the public road.

8 problems caused by building house on clay or with house-wall attached to clay.
Pre-building work on polluted soil.

Companion Planting
...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants

Garden
Construction

with ground drains
Garden Design
...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed
Borders

......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants
......Camera photos of Plant supports
Garden
Maintenance

Glossary with a tomato teaching cauliflowers
Home
Library of over 1000 books
Offbeat Glossary with DuLally Bird in its flower clock.
Plants
...in Chalk (Alkaline) Soil
......A-F1, A-F2,
......A-F3, G-L, M-R,
......M-R Roses, S-Z
...in Heavy Clay Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...in Lime-Free
(Acid) Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...in Light Sand Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...Poisonous Plants
...Extra Plant Pages

Soil
...
Interaction between 2 Quartz Sand Grains to make soil
...
How roots of plants are in control in the soil
...
Without replacing Soil Nutrients, the soil will break up to only clay, sand or silt
...
Subsidence caused by water in Clay
...Use water ring for trees/shrubs for first 2 years

Tool Shed with 3 kneeling pads
Useful Data with benefits of Seaweed

................

Topic - Plant Photo Galleries

Topic - Plant with Photo Index of Ivydene Gardens with
Camera Photo Galleries are in the last row


Bulb with its 7 Flower Colours per Month Comparison Pages
...Allium/ Anemone
...Autumn
...Colchicum/ Crocus
...Dahlia
...Gladiolus
......European A-E
......European F-M
......European N-Z
......Eur Non-classified
......American A
......American B
......American C
......American D
......American E
......American F
......American G
......American H
......American I
......American J
......American K
......American L
......American M
......American N
......American O
......American P
......American Q
......American R
......American S
......American T
......American U
......American V
......American W
......American XYZ
......Ame Non-classified
......Australia - empty
......India

......Lithuania
...Hippeastrum/ Lily
...Late Summer
...Narcissus
...Spring
...Tulip
...Winter
...Each of the above ...Bulb Galleries has its own set of Flower Colour Pages
...Flower Shape
...Bulb Form

...Bulb Use

...Bulb in Soil

Further details on bulbs from the Infill Galleries:-
Hardy Bulbs
...Aconitum
...Allium
...Alstroemeria
...Anemone

...Amaryllis
...Anthericum
...Antholyzas
...Apios
...Arisaema
...Arum
...Asphodeline

...Asphodelus
...Belamcanda
...Bloomeria
...Brodiaea
...Bulbocodium

...Calochorti
...Cyclobothrias
...Camassia
...Colchicum
...Convallaria 
...Forcing Lily of the Valley
...Corydalis
...Crinum
...Crosmia
...Montbretia
...Crocus

...Cyclamen
...Dicentra
...Dierama
...Eranthis
...Eremurus
...Erythrnium
...Eucomis

...Fritillaria
...Funkia
...Galanthus
...Galtonia
...Gladiolus
...Hemerocallis

...Hyacinth
...Hyacinths in Pots
...Scilla
...Puschkinia
...Chionodoxa
...Chionoscilla
...Muscari

...Iris
...Kniphofia
...Lapeyrousia
...Leucojum

...Lilium
...Lilium in Pots
...Malvastrum
...Merendera
...Milla
...Narcissus
...Narcissi in Pots

...Ornithogalum
...Oxalis
...Paeonia
...Ranunculus
...Romulea
...Sanguinaria
...Sternbergia
...Schizostylis
...Tecophilaea
...Trillium

...Tulip
...Zephyranthus

Half-Hardy Bulbs
...Acidanthera
...Albuca
...Alstroemeri
...Andro-stephium
...Bassers
...Boussing-aultias
...Bravoas
...Cypellas
...Dahlias
...Galaxis,
...Geissorhizas
...Hesperanthas

...Gladioli
...Ixias
...Sparaxises
...Babianas
...Morphixias
...Tritonias

...Ixiolirions
...Moraeas
...Ornithogalums
...Oxalises
...Phaedra-nassas
...Pancratiums
...Tigridias
...Zephyranthes
...Cooperias


Uses of Bulbs:-
...for Bedding
...in Windowboxes
...in Border
...naturalized in Grass
...in Bulb Frame
...in Woodland Garden
...in Rock Garden
...in Bowls
...in Alpine House
...Bulbs in Greenhouse or Stove:-
...Achimenes
...Alocasias
...Amorpho-phalluses
...Arisaemas
...Arums
...Begonias
...Bomareas
...Caladiums

...Clivias
...Colocasias
...Crinums
...Cyclamens
...Cyrtanthuses
...Eucharises
...Urceocharis
...Eurycles

...Freesias
...Gloxinias
...Haemanthus
...Hippeastrums

...Lachenalias
...Nerines
...Lycorises
...Pencratiums
...Hymenocallises
...Richardias
...Sprekelias
...Tuberoses
...Vallotas
...Watsonias
...Zephyranthes

...Plant Bedding in
......Spring

......Summer
...Bulb houseplants flowering inside House during:-
......January
......February
......March
......April
......May
......June
......July
......August
......September
......October
......November
......December
...Bulbs and other types of plant flowering during:-
......Dec-Jan
......Feb-Mar
......Apr-May
......Jun-Aug
......Sep-Oct
......Nov-Dec
...Selection of the smaller and choicer plants for the Smallest of Gardens with plant flowering during the same 6 periods as in the previous selection


........

If the plant type below has flowers, then the first gallery will include the flower thumbnail in each month of 1 of 6 flower colour comparison pages of each plant in its subsidiary galleries
Aquatic
Bamboo
Bedding
...by Flower Shape

Climber in
3 Sector Vertical Plant System
...Clematis
...Climbers
Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
...Shrubs - Decid
Deciduous Tree
...Trees - Decid
Evergreen Perennial
...P-Evergreen A-L
...P-Evergreen M-Z
...Flower Shape
Evergreen Shrub
...Shrubs - Evgr
...Heather Shrub
Evergreen Tree
...Trees - Evgr
Fern
Grass
Hedging
Herbaceous
Perennial

...P -Herbaceous
...Peony
...Flower Shape
...RHS Wisley
......Mixed Border
......Other Borders
Herb
Odds and Sods
Rhododendron
Rose
...RHS Wisley A-F
...RHS Wisley G-R
...RHS Wisley S-Z
...Rose Use with 3 separate rose indices on each usage of rose page
...Other Roses A-F
...Other Roses G-R
...Other Roses S-Z
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
...Apple

...Cherry
...Pear
Vegetable

Wild Flower is below

The following is a complete hierarchical Plant Selection Process
dependent on the Garden Style chosen

Garden Style
...
Infill Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...
12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...
All Plants Index
...
Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...
Shape, Form
Index

or
use the choices in the following Flower/Foliage Colour
Colour Wheel Galleries

you could use these Flower Colour Wheels with number of colours
All Flowers 53

All Flowers per Month 12 - My Gas Service Engineer found Flow and Return pipes incorrectly positioned on gas boilers and customers had refused to have positioning corrected in 2020, followed by this Website
...User Guidelines
or
Bee instead of wind pollinated plants for hay-fever sufferers
All Bee-Pollinated Flowers per Month 12
...Index
or
Rock Garden and Alpine Flower Colour Wheel with number of colours
Rock Plant Flowers 53

...Rock Plant Photos
or
A Foliage Colour Wheel using 212 web-safe colours instead of the best Colour Wheel of 2058 colours in the Pantone Goe System
All Foliage 212

or
Flower Colour Wheel without photos, but with links to photos
12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index

Topic - Butterfly Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Butterfly
Usage of Plants
by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly

Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly usage of
Plant A-C
Plant C-M
Plant N-W
Butterfly usage of Plant

Wild Flower
with its
flower colour page,
space,
Site Map page in its flower colour
NOTE Gallery
...Blue Note
...Brown Note
...Cream Note
...Green Note
...Mauve Note
...Multi-Cols Note
...Orange Note
...Pink A-G Note
...Pink H-Z Note
...Purple Note
...Red Note
...White A-D Note
...White E-P Note
...White Q-Z Note
...Yellow A-G Note
...Yellow H-Z Note
...Shrub/Tree Note

Poisonous
Wildflower Plants

You can find the wild flower in one of the 23 Wild Flower Galleries or the Colour Wheel
Gallery

If
you know its name, use
Wild Flower Plant Index a-h,
Wild Flower Plant Index i-p or
Wild Flower Plant Index q-z

you know which habitat it lives in,
use
Wild Flowers on
Acid Soil
Habitat Table,
on Calcareous
(Chalk) Soil
,
on Marine Soil,
on Neutral Soil,
is a Fern,
is a Grass,
is a Rush, or
is a Sedge

you know which family it belongs to, use
Wild Flower Family Pages menu above and right

you have seen its flower or seed, use
Comparison Pages
in Wild Flower
Gallery
to identify it or

you have seen its flower, use Comparison Pages containing Wild Flower Plants and Cultivated Plants in the Colour Wheel Gallery

followed by all the Wild Flower Family Pages:-

There are 180 families in the Wildflowers of the UK and they have been split up into 22 Galleries to allow space for up to 100 plants per gallery.

Each plant named in each of the Wildflower Family Pages may have a link to:-

its Plant Description Page in its Common Name in one of those Wildflower Plant Galleries and will have links

to external sites to purchase the plant or seed in its Botanical Name,

to see photos in its Flowering Months and

to read habitat details in its Habitat Column.

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 1
(o)Adder's Tongue
Amaranth
(o)Arrow-Grass
(o)Arum
(o)Balsam
Bamboo
(o)Barberry
(o)Bedstraw
(o)Beech
(o)Bellflower
(o)Bindweed
(o)Birch
(o)Birds-Nest
(o)Birthwort
(o)Bogbean
(o)Bog Myrtle
(o)Borage
(o)Box
(o)Broomrape
(o)Buckthorn
(o)Buddleia
(o)Bur-reed
(o)Buttercup
(o)Butterwort
(o)Cornel (Dogwood)
(o)Crowberry
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 1
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2
Cypress
(o)Daffodil
(o)Daisy
(o)Daisy Cudweeds
(o)Daisy Chamomiles
(o)Daisy Thistle
(o)Daisy Catsears (o)Daisy Hawkweeds
(o)Daisy Hawksbeards
(o)Daphne
(o)Diapensia
(o)Dock Bistorts
(o)Dock Sorrels

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 2
(o)Clubmoss
(o)Duckweed
(o)Eel-Grass
(o)Elm
(o)Filmy Fern
(o)Horsetail
(o)Polypody
Quillwort
(o)Royal Fern
(o)Figwort - Mulleins
(o)Figwort - Speedwells
(o)Flax
(o)Flowering-Rush
(o)Frog-bit
(o)Fumitory
(o)Gentian
(o)Geranium
(o)Glassworts
(o)Gooseberry
(o)Goosefoot
(o)Grass 1
(o)Grass 2
(o)Grass 3
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 1
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 2
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 3
(o)Hazel
(o)Heath
(o)Hemp
(o)Herb-Paris
(o)Holly
(o)Honeysuckle
(o)Horned-Pondweed
(o)Hornwort
(o)Iris
(o)Ivy
(o)Jacobs Ladder
(o)Lily
(o)Lily Garlic
(o)Lime
(o)Lobelia
(o)Loosestrife
(o)Mallow
(o)Maple
(o)Mares-tail
(o)Marsh Pennywort
(o)Melon (Gourd/Cucumber)

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 3
(o)Mesem-bryanthemum
(o)Mignonette
(o)Milkwort
(o)Mistletoe
(o)Moschatel
Naiad
(o)Nettle
(o)Nightshade
(o)Oleaster
(o)Olive
(o)Orchid 1
(o)Orchid 2
(o)Orchid 3
(o)Orchid 4
(o)Parnassus-Grass
(o)Peaflower
(o)Peaflower Clover 1
(o)Peaflower Clover 2
(o)Peaflower Clover 3
(o)Peaflower Vetches/Peas
Peony
(o)Periwinkle
Pillwort
Pine
(o)Pink 1
(o)Pink 2
Pipewort
(o)Pitcher-Plant
(o)Plantain
(o)Pondweed
(o)Poppy
(o)Primrose
(o)Purslane
Rannock Rush
(o)Reedmace
(o)Rockrose
(o)Rose 1
(o)Rose 2
(o)Rose 3
(o)Rose 4
(o)Rush
(o)Rush Woodrushes
(o)Saint Johns Wort
Saltmarsh Grasses
(o)Sandalwood
(o)Saxifrage

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 4
Seaheath
(o)Sea Lavender
(o)Sedge Rush-like
(o)Sedges Carex 1
(o)Sedges Carex 2
(o)Sedges Carex 3
(o)Sedges Carex 4
(o)Spindle-Tree
(o)Spurge
(o)Stonecrop
(o)Sundew
(o)Tamarisk
Tassel Pondweed
(o)Teasel
(o)Thyme 1
(o)Thyme 2
(o)Umbellifer 1
(o)Umbellifer 2
(o)Valerian
(o)Verbena
(o)Violet
(o)Water Fern
(o)Waterlily
(o)Water Milfoil
(o)Water Plantain
(o)Water Starwort
Waterwort
(o)Willow
(o)Willow-Herb
(o)Wintergreen
(o)Wood-Sorrel
(o)Yam
(o)Yew

Topic - Camera Photo Galleries showing all 4000 x 3000 pixels of each photo on your screen that you can then click and drag to your desktop:-

RHS Garden at Wisley
Plant Supports -
When supporting plants in a bed, it is found that not only do those plants grow upwards, but also they expand their roots and footpad sideways each year. Pages
1
, 2, 3, 8, 11,
12, 13,
Plants 4, 7, 10,
Bedding Plants 5,
Plant Supports for Unknown Plants 5
,
Clematis Climbers 6,
the RHS does not appear to either follow it's own pruning advice or advice from The Pruning of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers by George E. Brown.
ISBN 0-571-11084-3 with the plants in Pages 1-7 of this folder. You can see from looking at both these resources as to whether the pruning carried out on the remainder of the plants in Pages 7-15 was correct.
Narcissus (Daffodil) 9,
Phlox Plant Supports 14, 15

Coleus Bedding Foliage Trial - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13, 14, 15,
16, 17, 18, 19, 20,
21, 22, 23, 24, 25,
26, 27, 28, 29, 30,
31, 32
,
Index

National Trust Garden at Sissinghurst Castle
Plant Supports -
Pages for Gallery 1
with Plant Supports
1
, 5, 10
Plants
2
, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9,
11, 12
Recommended Rose Pruning Methods 13
Pages for Gallery 2
with Plant Supports
2
,
Plants 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

Dry Garden of
RHS Garden at
Hyde Hall
Plants - Pages
without Plant Supports
Plants 1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

Nursery of
Peter Beales Roses
Display Garden
Roses Pages
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13

Nursery of
RV Roger
Roses - Pages
A1,A2,A3,A4,A5,
A6,A7,A8,A9,A10,
A11,A12,A13,A14,
B15,
B16,B17,B18,B19,
B20,
B21,B22,B23,B24,
B25,
B26,B27,B28,B29,
B30,
C31,C32,C33,C34,
C35,
C36,C37,C38,C39,
C40,
C41,CD2,D43,D44,
D45,
D46,D47,D48,D49,
E50,
E51,E52
,F53,F54,
F55,
F56,F57,G58,G59,
H60,
H61,I62,K63,L64,
M65,
M66,N67,P68,P69,
P70,

R71,R72,S73,S74,
T75,
V76,Z77, 78,

Damage by Plants in Chilham Village - Pages
1
, 2, 3, 4

Pavements of Funchal, Madeira
Damage to Trees - Pages
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13
for trees 1-54
,
14, 15,
16, 17, 18, 19, 20,
21, 22, 23, 24, 25,
for trees 55-95,
26
, 27, 28, 29, 30,
31, 32, 33, 34, 35,
36, 37,
for trees 95-133,
38
, 39, 40,
41, 42, 43, 44, 45,
for trees 133-166


Chris Garnons-Williams
Work Done - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13

Identity of Plants
Label Problems - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11

Ron and Christine Foord
Garden Flowers - Pages
A1, 2, 3, 4,
5,
6, 7, 8, 9,
10,
11, 12, 13,

The plant with photo in the above Camera Photo Galleries
join

the plants with photos in the other Plant Photo Galleries below in

Plant with Photo Index of Ivydene Gardens
A 1, Photos
B 1, Photos
C 1, Photos
D 1, Photos
E 1, Photos
F 1, Photos
G 1, Photos
H 1, Photos
I 1, Photos
J 1, Photos
K 1, Photos
L 1, Photos
M 1, Photos
N 1, Photos
O 1, Photos
P 1, Photos
Q 1, Photos
R 1, Photos
S 1, Photos
T 1, Photos
U 1, Photos
V 1, Photos
W 1, Photos
X 1 Photos
Y 1, Photos
Z 1 Photos
Articles/Items in Ivydene Gardens

Flower Colour, Number of Petals, Shape and
Plant Use of:-

Rock Garden
...within linked page


Bedding

...Bedding Out
...Filling In
...Screen-ing
...Pots and Troughs
...Window Boxes
...Hanging Baskets
...Spring Bedding
...Summer Bedding
...Winter Bedding
...Foliage instead of Flower
...
Coleus Bedding Photos for use in Public Domain 1

Bulb
...Other than Only Green Foliage
...Bedding or Mass Planting
...Ground-Cover
...Cut-Flower
...Tolerant of Shade
...In Woodland Areas
...Under-plant
...Tolerant of Poor Soil
...Covering Banks
...In Water
...Beside Stream or Water Garden
...Coastal Conditions
...Edging Borders
...Back of Border or Back-ground Plant
...Fragrant Flowers
...Not Fragrant Flowers
...Indoor
House-plant

...Grow in a Patio Pot
...Grow in an Alpine Trough
...Grow in an Alpine House
...Grow in Rock Garden
...Speciman Plant
...Into Native Plant Garden
...Naturalize in Grass
...Grow in Hanging Basket
...Grow in Window-box
...Grow in Green-house
...Grow in Scree
...Naturalized Plant Area
...Grow in Cottage Garden
...Attracts Butterflies
...Attracts Bees
...Resistant to Wildlife
...Bulb in Soil:-
......Chalk
......Clay
......Sand
......Lime-Free (Acid)
......Peat

Rose
...
Bedding
...
Climber /Pillar
...
Cut-Flower
...
Exhibition, Speciman
...
Ground-Cover

...
Grow In A Container
...
Hedge
...
Climber in Tree
...
Woodland
...
Edging Borders
...
Tolerant of Poor Soil
...
Tolerant of Shade
...
Back of Border
...
Adjacent to Water
...
Page for rose use as ARCH ROSE, PERGOLA ROSE, COASTAL CONDITIONS ROSE, WALL ROSE, STANDARD ROSE, COVERING BANKS or THORNLESS ROSES.
...
FRAGRANT ROSES
...
NOT FRAGRANT ROSES

and

Plant Colour Wheel Uses
with
1. Perfect general use soil is composed of 8.3% lime, 16.6% humus, 25% clay and 50% sand, and
2. Why you are continually losing the SOIL STRUCTURE so your soil - will revert to clay, chalk, sand or silt.

Uses of Plant and Flower Shape:-
...Foliage Only
...Other than Green Foliage
...Trees in Lawn
...Trees in Small Gardens
...Wildflower Garden
...Attract Bi
rd
...Attract Butterfly
1
, 2
...Climber on House Wall

...
Climber not on House Wall
...Climber in Tree
...Rabbit-Resistant
...Woodland
...Pollution Barrier
...Part Shade
...Full Shade
...Single Flower provides Pollen for Bees
1
, 2, 3
...Ground-Cover
<60
cm
60-180cm
>
180cm
...Hedge
...Wind-swept
...Covering Banks
...Patio Pot
...Edging Borders
...Back of Border
...Poisonous

...Adjacent to Water
...Bog Garden
...Tolerant of Poor Soil
...Winter-Flowering
...Fragrant
...Not Fragrant
...Exhibition

...
Standard Plant
is 'Ball on Stick'
...
Upright Branches or Sword-shaped leaves
...
Plant to Prevent Entry to Human or Animal
...
Coastal Conditions
...
Tolerant on North-facing Wall
...
Cut Flower
...
Potted Veg Outdoors
...
Potted Veg Indoors
...
Thornless
...
Raised Bed Outdoors Veg
...
Grow in Alkaline Soil A-F
, G-L, M-R,
S-Z
...
Grow in Acidic Soil
...
Grow in Any Soil
...
Grow in Rock Garden
...
Grow Bulbs Indoors

Fragrant Plants:-
Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an Acid Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
1
, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3
Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves
1
, 2
Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5
Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit
1
, 2, 3
Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2
Night-scented Flowering Plants
1
, 2

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