rosahandelflorogerltd

See further photos in table on the right.

Flower. Photo from R.V. Roger Ltd

Plant Name

Rosa 'Handel'

Common Name

---

Soil

Roses prefer acidic soil of pH 6.5 (sand) but will tolerate alkaline soils up to pH 7.5 (chalk). Mix 25 litres farmyard manure, or pulverized tree bark with bone meal, in soil before planting. Broadcast rose fertilizer in early Spring.

Tolerant of Poor Soils, so broadcast rose fertilizer in early summer as well.

Sun Aspect

Full Sun.

Soil Moisture

Moist.

Plant Type

Modern Roses: 17 Large-Flowered Climber Non-Recurrent from the Modern Climbing Roses classification.

Height x Spread in inches (cms)
(1 inch = 2.5 cms,
12 inches = 1 foot = 30 cms,
24 inches = 2 feet)

144 x 96 (360 x 240)

Foliage

Glossy dark green almost purple foliage

Flower Colour in Season. Hips

Large, semi-double blooms, cupped until fully open, silver-white with pink to red markings specially on the petal edges. These markings intensify with age.

Flowering is Continuous throughout the summer. Slightly fragrant.

Comment

"A repeat flowering climbing rose. Uniquely coloured blooms are produced singularly and in clusters throughout the summer into the autumn. The slightly fragrant blooms are cream edged rosy pink which intensifies with age. Foliage is a glossy green tinted bronze. A relatively thornless climber. Hardy. Spray regularly against disease. Grows to 350cm in height.". from British Roses.

A good variety with dark stems.

 

"Striking display of cream, edged dark-pink blooms. Popular climber which repeat flowers all season. Height: 3.5m." from R.V. Roger Ltd.

 

"Bred by Samuel Darragh McGredy IV (1965).

Introduced in Ireland by Samuel McGredy and Son, Nurserymen (Ireland) as 'Händel'.

Introduced in New Zealand by Avenue Roses/Avenue Nurseries (Levin) Ltd. in 1966 as 'Handel'.

White, rose-pink edges.  None to mild fragrance.  22 to 24 petals.  Average diameter 3.5".  Large, very double, cupped bloom form.  Blooms in flushes throughout the season.  

Climbing.  Glossy, dark green foliage.  

Height of 5' to 11' (150 to 335 cm).  
Width of 7' to 8' (215 to 245 cm).

USDA zone 6b through 9b (default).  
Can be used for cut flower.  
Disease susceptibility: susceptible to Black Spot." from Help Me Find.  

Suitable for growing:

 

Recommended " planting distance is 72 inches (180 cms) apart" from Roses UK.

Available from
British Roses and
R.V. Roger Ltd (Open ground roses despatched between November and March, Containerised roses despatched between May and October) in the UK with
Help Me Find in America and
Tasman Bay Roses in New Zealand.

For further details on the cultivation of roses, consult the Royal National Rose Society.

"A website devoted to roses, clematis and peonies and all that is gardening related, including selecting, buying, breeding, caring for and exhibiting.  We have cataloged over 44,000 roses and have more than 160,000 photos along with thousands of Rose nurseries, public and private gardens, Rose societies, authors, breeders, hybridizers and publications from all over the world. Click Buy From tab on the Help Me Find page to locate sellers of this rose or Gardens tab to locate public, private and member gardens growing this rose." from Help Me Find in America.

 

Flower Colour

Other Colours

Orange

Pink

Red

White

Yellow

2 or more Colours Page 1

2 or more Colours Page 2

Produces Hips

Rose Use

Rose Index
of

Rose Plant,

Rose RHS

and

Other Rose Galleries

Bedding

Page 1
Page 2

Climber /Pillar

Cut-Flower
Page 1

Page 2

Exhibition, Speciman

Ground-Cover

Grow In Container
Page 1

Page 2

Hedge

Page 1
Page 2

Climber in Tree

Woodland

Edging Borders

Tolerant of Poor Soil
Page 1

Page 2

Tolerant of Shade

Back of Border

Adjacent to Water

On North-Facing Wall

Page for rose use as ARCH ROSE, PERGOLA ROSE, COASTAL CONDITIONS ROSE, WALL ROSE, STANDARD ROSE, COVERING BANKS or THORNLESS ROSES.

FRAGRANT ROSES Page 1 and Page 2 - The roses inserted into this page are described as Moderately Fragrant or Very Fragrant in the relevant Rose Plant Description Page.

NOT FRAGRANT ROSES - The roses inserted into this page are described as Slightly Fragrant or nothing mentioned about fragrance in the relevant Rose Plant Description Page.
 

Rose Bloom Shape

rosaacapulcocflo1a
High Centred

rosaamberqueenflomidcgarnonswilliams1a
Cupped

rosaballerinacflorogerltd1
Flat

rosahenrimartincflorogerltd1
Globular

rosabuffbeautyCflorogerltd1
Pompon

rosaprosperitycflorogerltd1
Rosette

 

Click on thumbnail to change to Plant Description Page of the Rose Plant named in the text below that photo .
The Comments Row of that Rose Plant Description Page details where that Rose Plant is available from.

Rose
Petal Count

rosacantabrigiensiscflorogerltd1
Single:

1-7
Petals

rosafragrantdelightcflo1a
Semi-double: 8-15 Petals

rosaarthurbellcflomid2garnonswilliams1a
Double
1
, 2
16-25 Petals

rosagoldenramblercflorogerltd1
Full:

26-40 Petals

rosabobwoolleycflorogerltd1
Very Full:

40+ Petals

 

Rose Plant Height from Text Border
(1 inch = 2.5 cms,
12 inches = 1 foot = 30 cms,
24 inches = 2 feet)

Blue = 0-24 inches (0-60 cms)
Cyan = 0-24 inches (0-60 cms)

Green=24-72 inches (60-180 cms)
Green=24-72 inches (60-180 cms)

Red = 72+ inches (180+ cms)
Pink = 72+ inches (180+ cms)

Rose Plant Soil Moisture from Text Background

Wet Soil

Moist Soil

Dry Soil

 

If there is no Rose Index Table on the right hand side, then all 4 Rose Index Tables are in the Site Map.

ROSE PLANT GALLERY PAGE MENU
Rose Plant Site Map
of pages with content (o)

Introduction

FOLIAGE COLOUR
(o)Green 1
(o)Green 2
(o)Green 3

MODERN SHRUB ROSE TYPE SHAPE
(o)1 Recur Large-Flo
(o)2 Recur Cluster-Flo
(o)3 Ground-Cover Recur
(o)4 Hybrid Tea
(o)5 Floribunda
6 Dwarf Cluster-Flo
(o)6a Dwarf Large-Flo
(o)7 Polyantha
(o)8 Miniature and Patio
9 Non-Recur Large-Flo
(o)10 Non-Recur Cluster-Flo
(o)11 Ground-Cover Non-Recur

MODERN CLIMBER ROSE TYPE SHAPE
(o)12 Rambler Recur
(o)13 Large-Flo Recur
(o)14 Cluster-Flo Recur
15 Miniature Recur
(o)16 Rambler Non-Recur
(o)17 Large-Flo Non-Recur
(o)18 Cluster-Flo Non-Recur
19 Miniature Non-Recur
(o)19a-d English Roses - Austin Roses

 

ROSE PLANT GALLERY PAGES

Website Structure Explanation and User Guidelines



OLD GARDEN SHRUB ROSE TYPE SHAPE

(o)20 Alba
(o)21 Bourbon
22 Boursalt
(o)23 China
(o)24 Damask
(o)25 Gallica
26 Hybrid Perpetual
(o)27 Moss
(o)28 Portland
(o)29 Provence
(o)30 Sweet Briar
(o)31 Tea

OLD GARDEN CLIMBER ROSE TYPE SHAPE
32 Rambler Ayrshire
33 Bourbon
34 Boursalt
35 Tea
(o)36 Noisette
(o)37 Sempervirens

WILD ROSE TYPE SHAPE
(o)38 Non-Climbing
(o)39 Climbing

HIP COLOUR
(o)Hip Colour

BED PICTURES
(o)Garden Pictures
 

rosahandelflobud1garnonwilliams

Closed Buds.
Photo from Pickering, North Yorkshire by Chris Garnons-Williams within 21-25 July 2014.

rosahandelflobud2garnonwilliams

Open Bud.
Photo from Pickering, North Yorkshire by Chris Garnons-Williams within 21-25 July 2014.

rosahandelflo1garnonwilliams

Juvenile Flower.
Photo from Pickering, North Yorkshire by Chris Garnons-Williams within 21-25 July 2014.

rosahandelflo2garnonwilliams

Juvenile Flower.
Photo from Pickering, North Yorkshire by Chris Garnons-Williams within 21-25 July 2014.

rosahandelflo3garnonwilliams

Middle-aged Flower.
Photo from Pickering, North Yorkshire by Chris Garnons-Williams within 21-25 July 2014.

rosahandelflo4garnonwilliams

Mature Flower.
Photo from Pickering, North Yorkshire by Chris Garnons-Williams within 21-25 July 2014.

rosahandelflo5garnonwilliams

Dead Flower with fallen Flower petals on ground.
Photo from Pickering, North Yorkshire by Chris Garnons-Williams within 21-25 July 2014.

rosahandelforgarnonwilliams

Form.
Photo from Pickering, North Yorkshire by Chris Garnons-Williams within 21-25 July 2014.

rosahandelfolgarnonwilliams

Burgundy Juvenile Foliage through to Dark Green Mature Foliage.
Photo from Pickering, North Yorkshire by Chris Garnons-Williams within 21-25 July 2014.

 

 

"History of Handel Roses:

The rose Handel was first bred in Ireland in 1965 by Samuel McGredy IV. McGredy operated a very popular rose nursery in northern Ireland with his sons up until 1972 when he took his entire company to New Zealand because the climate allowed him to grow without the use of greenhouses. He created Handel by crossing the Columbine rose with the climbing floribunda Heidelberg rose. The result is a gorgeous pink rose that develops dark pink to red edges.

Handel roses will grow to heights anywhere from 5 feet tall, all the way up to 15 feet tall. They will reach a horizontal width about 7 or 8 feet across. The blooms on the rose Handel are quite big and will reach an average diameter of about 4 inches across. The blooms will be very full and contain up to 30 or more petals each. This rose has a very subtle fragrance that isn't overly pervasive. If you are wondering if this rose will grow in your particular climate, it will thrive in zones 6 through 9.

Growing Handel Roses:

Growing the rose Handel is not terribly difficult however it is somewhat susceptible to the common rose disease Black Spot. Because of this you should take care that your rose isn't planted in a location where the soil stays damp for long periods of time. One good way of combating diseases like blackspot and Mildew, which frequently affect roses whose leaves are constantly damp, is to plant your rose in a location that gets good air circulation through your garden. The more air that moves across the leaves, the more they can dry out and the easier it will be to keep them healthy.

Handel roses are also repeat bloomers, which means they will need a lot of sun light if you want to get the most out of them. Try to pick a location where they will get a minimum of 6 to 8 hours each day of direct sun light. If you are able to give them more, then that is even better. Another trick you can use is to find your rose Handel a location where it will get exposure to the early morning sun light. This helps to dry the dew off the leaves early and goes a long way towards keeping them healthy and disease free.

Planting Handel Roses:

Planting the rose Handel is not all that difficult and you can get the job done with a few basic hand tools you probably already have in your shed. The first thing you should do before you even start digging is take a trip to the local garden center and pick up a bag of a good organic compost. This stuff makes a great amendment for just about any soil type and when you dig your hole, mix it in with the loose soil at a ratio of 1 part compost for every 2 parts soil.

If you bought your Handel roses locally, then chances are they were already established in containers and probably ready to bloom. These are the easiest to plant because all of the guesswork has already been done for you. All you need to do is dig a hole that is at least twice the diameter of the container, and equally as deep. This will allow ample room around the root ball for your new soil mix, while still keeping the bud union at the same depth it was originally planted. This is very important.

If you bought your climbing rose Handel online, then it was most likely shipped to you as a bareroot plant. You should first soak the plant overnight in a bucket of lukewarm water, prior to planting day, to rehydrate the roots. Then dig a hole that is as wide as the longest roots, and deep enough to allow you to set the plant atop a mound of soil and still keep the bud union about an inch or two below the surface.

Set your rose Handel in place atop the mound and spread the roots out in all directions. Take your new soil mix and back fill the hole about halfway to start. Then use the garden hose and water the loose soil heavily, until it flows around the roots like mud. Once this is done, you can go ahead and back fill the hole the rest of the way and give it one more heavy watering. Top off any final settling that may have occurred. It is also recommended that you cover the exposed canes of the bareroot plant with a mound of mulch while new growth is forming. This will help prevent the canes from drying out and you can remove the mound once new growth has formed.

Caring for Handel Roses:

Taking care of the rose Handel is pretty straight forward and you can follow basic rose care guidelines. You need to make sure that you give your roses ample water, but you must also be sure that you are not overwatering them. A good rule of thumb is one deep watering per week, unless you live in a very hot or dry region.

You can also give your Handel roses a dose of a good all-purpose granular fertilizer in early spring when the leaves begin to bud. Since this is a repeat bloomer, it will benefit greatly from additional feeding throughout the growing season. I will typically give my roses a second dose right before the first big bloom, and then a third dose sometime around midsummer to encourage late season blooms.

Pruning Handel Roses:

You should always prune the rose Handel in early spring before the leaves start to bud. Start off by removing all the dead wood, along with any canes that are discolored from disease. Next, prune back any lateral canes that overlap one another as these will eventually compete with each other for sun light once the leaves fully open. Lastly, you can give your climbing roses a light pruning for shape, and to encourage new growth.

This is also a great time to rake up around the base of your rose Handel and clean up all the dead leaves and debris that may have collected there. Throw away this material in the trash along with your cuttings. Never let rotting material lay around your roses as it could become a breeding ground for certain pests and diseases. I always finish up my pruning by giving my roses a fresh layer of mulch to start off the growing season." from 1001 Landscaping Ideas.

 

Topic
Plants detailed in this website by
Botanical Name

A, B, C, D, E, F, G,
H, I, J, K, L, M, N,
O, P, Q, R, S, T, U,
V, W, X, Y, Z ,
Bulb
A1, 2, 3, B, C1, 2,
D, E, F, G, Glad,
H, I, J, K, L1, 2,
M, N, O, P, Q, R,
S, T, U, V, W, XYZ ,
Evergreen Perennial
A, B, C, D, E, F, G,
H, I, J, K, L, M, N,
O, P, Q, R, S, T, U,
V, W, X, Y, Z ,
Herbaceous Perennial
A1, 2, B, C, D, E, F,
G, H, I, J, K, L, M,
N, O, P1, 2, Q, R,
S, T, U, V, W, XYZ,
Diascia Photo Album,
UK Peony Index
Wildflower
Botanical Names,
Common Names ,
will be compared in:- Flower colour/month
Evergreen Perennial,
Flower shape
Wildflower Flower Shape
and Plant use
Evergreen Perennial Flower Shape,
Bee plants for hay-fever sufferers
Bee-Pollinated Index
Butterfly
Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis, Butterfly Usage of Plants.
Chalk
A, B, C, D, E, F, G,
H, I, J, K, L, M, N,
O, P, QR, S, T, UV,
WXYZ
Companion Planting
A, B, C, D, E, F, G,
H, I, J, K, L, M, N,
O, P, Q, R , S, T,
U ,V, W, X, Y, Z,
Pest Control using Plants
Fern
Fern
1000 Ground Cover
A, B, C, D, E, F, G,
H, I, J, K, L, M, N,
O, P, Q, R, S, T, U,
V, W, XYZ ,
Rock Garden and Alpine Flowers
A, B, C, D, E, F, G,
H, I, J, K, L, M,
NO, PQ, R, S, T,
UVWXYZ
Rose
Rose Use
These 5 have Page links in rows below
Bulbs from the Infill Galleries (next row),
Camera Photos,
Plant Colour Wheel Uses,
Sense of Fragrance, Wild Flower

Case Studies
...Drive Foundations
Ryegrass and turf kills plants within Roadstone and in Topsoil due to it starving and dehydrating them.
CEDAdrive creates stable drive surface and drains rain into your ground, rather than onto the public road.
8 problems caused by building house on clay or with house-wall attached to clay.
Pre-building work on polluted soil.

Companion Planting
to provide a Companion Plant to aid your selected plant or deter its pests

Garden
Construction

with ground drains

Garden Design
...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed
Borders

......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants
......Camera photos of Plant supports
Garden
Maintenance

Glossary with a tomato teaching cauliflowers
Home
Library of over 1000 books
Offbeat Glossary with DuLally Bird in its flower clock.

Plants
...in Chalk
(Alkaline) Soil
......A-F1, A-F2,
......A-F3, G-L, M-R,
......M-R Roses, S-Z
...in Heavy
Clay Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...in Lime-Free
(Acid) Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...in Light
Sand Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z.
...Poisonous Plants.
...Extra Plant Pages
with its 6 Plant Selection Levels

Soil
...
Interaction between 2 Quartz Sand Grains to make soil
...
How roots of plants are in control in the soil
...
Without replacing Soil Nutrients, the soil will break up to only clay, sand or silt
...
Subsidence caused by water in Clay
...
Use water ring for trees/shrubs for first 2 years.

Tool Shed with 3 kneeling pads
Useful Data with benefits of Seaweed

Topic -
Plant Photo Galleries
If the plant type below has flowers, then the first gallery will include the flower thumbnail in each month of 1 of 6 colour comparison pages of each plant in its subsidiary galleries, as a low-level Plant Selection Process

Aquatic
Bamboo
Bedding
...by Flower Shape

Bulb
...Allium/ Anemone
...Autumn
...Colchicum/ Crocus
...Dahlia
...Gladiolus with its 40 Flower Colours
......European A-E
......European F-M
......European N-Z
......European Non-classified
......American A,
B, C, D, E, F, G,
H, I, J, K, L, M,
N, O, P, Q, R, S,
T, U, V, W, XYZ
......American Non-classified
......Australia - empty
......India
......Lithuania
...Hippeastrum/ Lily
...Late Summer
...Narcissus
...Spring
...Tulip
...Winter
...Each of the above ...Bulb Galleries has its own set of Flower Colour Pages
...Flower Shape
...Bulb Form

...Bulb Use

...Bulb in Soil


Further details on bulbs from the Infill Galleries:-
Hardy Bulbs
...Aconitum
...Allium
...Alstroemeria
...Anemone

...Amaryllis
...Anthericum
...Antholyzas
...Apios
...Arisaema
...Arum
...Asphodeline

...Asphodelus
...Belamcanda
...Bloomeria
...Brodiaea
...Bulbocodium

...Calochorti
...Cyclobothrias
...Camassia
...Colchicum
...Convallaria 
...Forcing Lily of the Valley
...Corydalis
...Crinum
...Crosmia
...Montbretia
...Crocus

...Cyclamen
...Dicentra
...Dierama
...Eranthis
...Eremurus
...Erythrnium
...Eucomis

...Fritillaria
...Funkia
...Galanthus
...Galtonia
...Gladiolus
...Hemerocallis

...Hyacinth
...Hyacinths in Pots
...Scilla
...Puschkinia
...Chionodoxa
...Chionoscilla
...Muscari

...Iris
...Kniphofia
...Lapeyrousia
...Leucojum

...Lilium
...Lilium in Pots
...Malvastrum
...Merendera
...Milla
...Narcissus
...Narcissi in Pots

...Ornithogalum
...Oxalis
...Paeonia
...Ranunculus
...Romulea
...Sanguinaria
...Sternbergia
...Schizostylis
...Tecophilaea
...Trillium

...Tulip
...Zephyranthus

Half-Hardy Bulbs
...Acidanthera
...Albuca
...Alstroemeri
...Andro-stephium
...Bassers
...Boussing-aultias
...Bravoas
...Cypellas
...Dahlias
...Galaxis,
...Geissorhizas
...Hesperanthas

...Gladioli
...Ixias
...Sparaxises
...Babianas
...Morphixias
...Tritonias

...Ixiolirions
...Moraeas
...Ornithogalums
...Oxalises
...Phaedra-nassas
...Pancratiums
...Tigridias
...Zephyranthes
...Cooperias

Uses of Bulbs:-
...for Bedding
...in Windowboxes
...in Border
...naturalized in Grass
...in Bulb Frame
...in Woodland Garden
...in Rock Garden
...in Bowls
...in Alpine House
...Bulbs in Green-house or Stove:-
...Achimenes
...Alocasias
...Amorpho-phalluses
...Arisaemas
...Arums
...Begonias
...Bomareas
...Caladiums

...Clivias
...Colocasias
...Crinums
...Cyclamens
...Cyrtanthuses
...Eucharises
...Urceocharis
...Eurycles

...Freesias
...Gloxinias
...Haemanthus
...Hippeastrums

...Lachenalias
...Nerines
...Lycorises
...Pencratiums
...Hymenocallises
...Richardias
...Sprekelias
...Tuberoses
...Vallotas
...Watsonias
...Zephyranthes

...Plant Bedding in
......Spring

......Summer
...Bulb houseplants flowering during:-
......January
......February
......March
......April
......May
......June
......July
......August
......September
......October
......November
......December
...Bulbs and other types of plant flowering during:-
......Dec-Jan
......Feb-Mar
......Apr-May
......Jun-Aug
......Sep-Oct
......Nov-Dec
...Selection of the smaller and choicer plants for the Smallest of Gardens with plant flowering during the same 6 periods as in the previous selection

Climber in
3 Sector Vertical Plant System
...Clematis
...Climbers
Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
...Shrubs - Decid
Deciduous Tree
...Trees - Decid
Evergreen Perennial
...P-Evergreen A-L
...P-Evergreen M-Z
...Flower Shape
Evergreen Shrub
...Shrubs - Evergreen
...Heather Shrub
...Heather Index
......Andromeda
......Bruckenthalia
......Calluna
......Daboecia
......Erica: Carnea
......Erica: Cinerea
......Erica: Others
Evergreen Tree
...Trees - Evergreen
Fern
Grass
Hedging
Herbaceous
Perennial

...P -Herbaceous
...Peony
...Flower Shape
...RHS Wisley
......Mixed Border
......Other Borders
Herb
Odds and Sods
Rhododendron

Rose
...RHS Wisley A-F
...RHS Wisley G-R
...RHS Wisley S-Z
...Rose Use - page links in row 6. Rose, RHS Wisley and Other Roses rose indices on each Rose Use page
...Other Roses A-F
...Other Roses G-R
...Other Roses S-Z
Pruning Methods
Photo Index
R 1, 2, 3
Peter Beales Roses
RV Roger
Roses

Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
...Apple

...Cherry
...Pear
Vegetable
Wild Flower and
Butterfly page links are in next row

Topic -
UK Butterfly:-
...Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly Usage
of Plants.
...Plant Usage by
Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly.
They use both native wildflowers and cultivated plants, with these
...Flower Shape,
...
Uses in USA,
...
Uses in UK and
...
Flo Cols / month


Wild Flower
with its wildflower flower colour page, space,
data page(s).
...Blue Site Map.
Scented Flower, Foliage, Root.
Story of their Common Names.
Use of Plant with Flowers.
Use for Non-Flowering Plants.
Edible Plant Parts.
Flower Legend.
Flowering plants of
Chalk and
Limestone 1
, 2.
Flowering plants of Acid Soil
1.
...Brown Botanical Names.
Food for
Butterfly/Moth.

...Cream Common Names.
Coastal and Dunes.
Sandy Shores and Dunes.
...Green Broad-leaved Woods.
...Mauve Grassland - Acid, Neutral, Chalk.
...Multi-Cols Heaths and Moors.
...Orange Hedge-rows and Verges.
...Pink A-G Lakes, Canals and Rivers.
...Pink H-Z Marshes, Fens, Bogs.
...Purple Old Buildings and Walls.
...Red Pinewoods.
...White A-D
Saltmarshes.
Shingle Beaches, Rocks and Cliff Tops.
...White E-P Other.
...White Q-Z Number of Petals.
...Yellow A-G
Pollinator.
...Yellow H-Z
Poisonous Parts.
...Shrub/Tree River Banks and other Freshwater Margins. and together with cultivated plants in
Colour Wheel.

You know its
name:-
a-h, i-p, q-z,
Botanical Names, or Common Names,
habitat:-
on
Acid Soil,
on
Calcareous
(Chalk) Soil
,
on
Marine Soil,
on
Neutral Soil,
is a
Fern,
is a
Grass,
is a
Rush,
is a
Sedge, or
is
Poisonous.

Each plant in each WILD FLOWER FAMILY PAGE will have a link to:-
1) its created Plant Description Page in its Common Name column, then external sites:-
2) to purchase the plant or seed in its Botanical Name column,
3) to see photos in its Flowering Months column and
4) to read habitat details in its Habitat Column.
Adder's Tongue
Amaranth
Arrow-Grass
Arum
Balsam
Bamboo
Barberry
Bedstraw
Beech
Bellflower
Bindweed
Birch
Birds-Nest
Birthwort
Bogbean
Bog Myrtle
Borage
Box
Broomrape
Buckthorn
Buddleia
Bur-reed
Buttercup
Butterwort
Cornel (Dogwood)
Crowberry
Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 1
Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2
Cypress
Daffodil
Daisy
Daisy Cudweeds
Daisy Chamomiles
Daisy Thistle
Daisy Catsears Daisy Hawkweeds
Daisy Hawksbeards
Daphne
Diapensia
Dock Bistorts
Dock Sorrels
Clubmoss
Duckweed
Eel-Grass
Elm
Filmy Fern
Horsetail
Polypody
Quillwort
Royal Fern
Figwort - Mulleins
Figwort - Speedwells
Flax
Flowering-Rush
Frog-bit
Fumitory
Gentian
Geranium
Glassworts
Gooseberry
Goosefoot
Grass 1
Grass 2
Grass 3
Grass Soft
Bromes 1

Grass Soft
Bromes 2

Grass Soft
Bromes 3

Hazel
Heath
Hemp
Herb-Paris
Holly
Honeysuckle
Horned-Pondweed
Hornwort
Iris
Ivy
Jacobs Ladder
Lily
Lily Garlic
Lime
Lobelia
Loosestrife
Mallow
Maple
Mares-tail
Marsh Pennywort
Melon (Gourd/Cucumber)
Mesem-bryanthemum
Mignonette
Milkwort
Mistletoe
Moschatel
Naiad
Nettle
Nightshade
Oleaster
Olive
Orchid 1
Orchid 2
Orchid 3
Orchid 4
Parnassus-Grass
Peaflower
Peaflower
Clover 1

Peaflower
Clover 2

Peaflower
Clover 3

Peaflower Vetches/Peas
Peony
Periwinkle
Pillwort
Pine
Pink 1
Pink 2
Pipewort
Pitcher-Plant
Plantain
Pondweed
Poppy
Primrose
Purslane
Rannock Rush
Reedmace
Rockrose
Rose 1
Rose 2
Rose 3
Rose 4
Rush
Rush Woodrushes
Saint Johns Wort
Saltmarsh Grasses
Sandalwood
Saxifrage
Seaheath
Sea Lavender
Sedge Rush-like
Sedges Carex 1
Sedges Carex 2
Sedges Carex 3
Sedges Carex 4
Spindle-Tree
Spurge
Stonecrop
Sundew
Tamarisk
Tassel Pondweed
Teasel
Thyme 1
Thyme 2
Umbellifer 1
Umbellifer 2
Valerian
Verbena
Violet
Water Fern
Waterlily
Water Milfoil
Water Plantain
Water Starwort
Waterwort
Willow
Willow-Herb
Wintergreen
Wood-Sorrel
Yam
Yew


Topic -
The following is a complete hierarchical Plant Selection Process

dependent on the Garden Style chosen
Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form
Index


Topic -
Flower/Foliage Colour Wheel Galleries with number of colours as a high-level Plant Selection Process

All Flowers 53 with
...Use of Plant and
Flower Shape
- page links in bottom row

All Foliage 53
instead of redundant
...(All Foliage 212)


All Flowers
per Month 12


Bee instead of wind pollinated plants for hay-fever sufferers
All Bee-Pollinated Flowers
per Month
12
...Index

Rock Garden and Alpine Flowers
Rock Plant Flowers 53
INDEX
A, B, C, D, E, F,
G, H, I, J, K, L,
M, NO, PQ, R, S,
T, UVWXYZ
...Rock Plant Photos

Flower Colour Wheel without photos, but with links to photos
12 Bloom Colours
per Month Index

...All Plants Index


Topic -
Use of Plant in your Plant Selection Process

Plant Colour Wheel Uses
with
1. Perfect general use soil is composed of 8.3% lime, 16.6% humus, 25% clay and 50% sand, and
2. Why you are continually losing the SOIL STRUCTURE so your soil - will revert to clay, chalk, sand or silt.
Uses of Plant and Flower Shape:-
...Foliage Only
...Other than Green Foliage
...Trees in Lawn
...Trees in Small Gardens
...Wildflower Garden
...Attract Bird
...Attract Butterfly
1
, 2
...Climber on House Wall
...Climber not on House Wall
...Climber in Tree
...Rabbit-Resistant
...Woodland
...Pollution Barrier
...Part Shade
...Full Shade
...Single Flower provides Pollen for Bees
1
, 2, 3
...Ground-Cover
<60
cm
60-180cm
>180cm
...Hedge
...Wind-swept
...Covering Banks
...Patio Pot
...Edging Borders
...Back of Border
...Poisonous
...Adjacent to Water
...Bog Garden
...Tolerant of Poor Soil
...Winter-Flowering
...Fragrant
...Not Fragrant
...Exhibition
...Standard Plant is 'Ball on Stick'
...Upright Branches or Sword-shaped leaves
...Plant to Prevent Entry to Human or Animal
...Coastal Conditions
...Tolerant on North-facing Wall
...Cut Flower
...Potted Veg Outdoors
...Potted Veg Indoors
...Thornless
...Raised Bed Outdoors Veg
...Grow in Alkaline Soil A-F, G-L, M-R,
S-Z
...Grow in Acidic Soil
...Grow in Any Soil
...Grow in Rock Garden
...Grow Bulbs Indoors

Uses of Bedding
...Bedding Out
...Filling In
...Screen-ing
...Pots and Troughs
...Window Boxes
...Hanging Baskets
...Spring Bedding
...Summer Bedding
...Winter Bedding
...Foliage instead of Flower
...Coleus Bedding Photos for use in Public Domain 1

Uses of Bulb
...Other than Only Green Foliage
...Bedding or Mass Planting
...Ground-Cover
...Cut-Flower
...Tolerant of Shade
...In Woodland Areas
...Under-plant
...Tolerant of Poor Soil
...Covering Banks
...In Water
...Beside Stream or Water Garden
...Coastal Conditions
...Edging Borders
...Back of Border or Back-ground Plant
...Fragrant Flowers
...Not Fragrant Flowers
...Indoor
House-plant

...Grow in a Patio Pot
...Grow in an Alpine Trough
...Grow in an Alpine House
...Grow in Rock Garden
...Speciman Plant
...Into Native Plant Garden
...Naturalize in Grass
...Grow in Hanging Basket
...Grow in Window-box
...Grow in Green-house
...Grow in Scree
...Naturalized Plant Area
...Grow in Cottage Garden
...Attracts Butterflies
...Attracts Bees
...Resistant to Wildlife
...Bulb in Soil:-
......Chalk
......Clay
......Sand
......Lime-Free (Acid)
......Peat

Uses of Rose
...Bedding
...Climber /Pillar
...Cut-Flower
...Exhibition, Speciman
...Ground-Cover
...Grow In A Container
...Hedge
...Climber in Tree
...Woodland
...Edging Borders
...Tolerant of Poor Soil
...Tolerant of Shade
...Back of Border
...Adjacent to Water
...Page for rose use as ARCH ROSE, PERGOLA ROSE, COASTAL CONDITIONS ROSE, WALL ROSE, STANDARD ROSE, COVERING BANKS or THORNLESS ROSES.
...FRAGRANT ROSES
...NOT FRAGRANT ROSES


Topic -
Camera Photo Galleries showing all 4000 x 3000 pixels of each photo on your screen that you can then click and drag it to your desktop as part of a Plant Selection Process:-

RHS Garden at Wisley

Plant Supports -
When supporting plants in a bed, it is found that not only do those plants grow upwards, but also they expand their roots and footpad sideways each year. Pages
1
, 2, 3, 8, 11,
12, 13,
Plants 4, 7, 10,
Bedding Plants 5,
Plant Supports for Unknown Plants 5
,
Clematis Climbers 6,
the RHS does not appear to either follow it's own pruning advice or advice from The Pruning of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers by George E. Brown.
ISBN 0-571-11084-3 with the plants in Pages 1-7 of this folder. You can see from looking at both these resources as to whether the pruning carried out on the remainder of the plants in Pages 7-15 was correct.

Narcissus (Daffodil) 9,
Phlox Plant Supports 14, 15

Coleus Bedding Foliage Trial - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13, 14, 15,
16, 17, 18, 19, 20,
21, 22, 23, 24, 25,
26, 27, 28, 29, 30,
31, 32, Index

National Trust Garden at Sissinghurst Castle
Plant Supports -
Pages for Gallery 1

with Plant Supports
1, 5, 10
Plants
2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9,
11, 12
Recommended Rose Pruning Methods 13
Pages for Gallery 2
with Plant Supports
2
,
Plants 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

Dry Garden of
RHS Garden at
Hyde Hall

Plants - Pages
without Plant Supports
Plants 1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

Nursery of
Peter Beales Roses
Display Garden

Roses Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13

Nursery of
RV Roger

Roses - Pages
A1,A2,A3,A4,A5,
A6,A7,A8,A9,A10,
A11,A12,A13,A14,
B15,
B16,B17,B18,B19,
B20,
B21,B22,B23,B24,
B25,
B26,B27,B28,B29,
B30,
C31,C32,C33,C34,
C35,
C36,C37,C38,C39,
C40,
C41,CD2,D43,D44,
D45,
D46,D47,D48,D49,
E50,
E51,E52,F53,F54,
F55,
F56,F57,G58,G59,
H60,
H61,I62,K63,L64,
M65,
M66,N67,P68,P69,
P70,
R71,R72,S73,S74,
T75,
V76,Z77, 78,

Damage by Plants in Chilham Village - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4

Pavements of Funchal, Madeira
Damage to Trees - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13
for trees 1-54,
14, 15,
16, 17, 18, 19, 20,
21, 22, 23, 24, 25,
for trees 55-95,
26, 27, 28, 29, 30,
31, 32, 33, 34, 35,
36, 37,
for trees 95-133,
38, 39, 40,
41, 42, 43, 44, 45,
for trees 133-166

Chris Garnons-Williams
Work Done - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13

Identity of Plants
Label Problems - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11

Ron and Christine Foord - 1036 photos only inserted so far - Garden Flowers - Start Page of each Gallery
AB1 ,AN14,BA27,
CH40,CR52,DR63,
FR74,GE85,HE96,

Plant with Photo Index of Ivydene Gardens - 1187
A 1, 2, Photos - 43
B 1, Photos - 13
C 1, Photos - 35
D 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7,
Photos - 411
with Plants causing damage to buildings in Chilham Village and Damage to Trees in Pavements of Funchal
E 1, Photos - 21
F 1, Photos - 1
G 1, Photos - 5
H 1, Photos - 21
I 1, Photos - 8
J 1, Photos - 1
K 1, Photos - 1
L 1, Photos - 85
with Label Problems
M 1, Photos - 9
N 1, Photos - 12
O 1, Photos - 5
P 1, Photos - 54
Q 1, Photos -
R 1, 2, 3,
Photos - 229
S 1, Photos - 111
T 1, Photos - 13
U 1, Photos - 5
V 1, Photos - 4
W 1, Photos - 100
with Work Done by Chris Garnons-Williams
X 1 Photos -
Y 1, Photos -
Z 1 Photos -
Articles/Items in Ivydene Gardens - 88
Flower Colour, Num of Petals, Shape and
Plant Use of:-
Rock Garden
within linked page


Topic -
Fragrant Plants as a Plant Selection Process for your sense of smell:-

Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an Acid Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
1
, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3
Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves
1
, 2
Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5
Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit
1
, 2, 3
Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2
Night-scented Flowering Plants
1
, 2


Topic -
Website User Guidelines


My Gas Service Engineer found Flow and Return pipes incorrectly positioned on gas boilers and customers had refused to have positioning corrected in 2020.

 

The following practical advice was written by Percy Thrower in his Percy Thrower's Practical Guides Roses and published by W.H. & L. Collingridge Ltd in 1964:-

"Soils and Situations
Roses, ideally like a deep, good quality loam, not waterlogged or sour, but well supplied with plant foods and stiff enough to allow the roots to find a congenial cool run. I believe that, with good cultivation and the proper use of manure, almost any garden in the British Isles may be made to produce quite satisfactory roses.
Roses do not like to be dried out, yet they appreciate enough sun to ensure thorough ripening of the wood. The more open the beds are to light and air, the better. If the soil is naturally light and quick draining as in sand, it must have sufficient organic matter added to ensure that during dry spells it will not become parched."

See Interaction between 2 Quartz Sand Grains to make soil page on how to add clay etc to a sandy soil and how to add sand to a clay soil to get a SOIL towards a Perfect general use soil, which is composed of 8.3% lime, 16.6% humus, 25% clay and 50% sand.

"Organic matter is equally useful on clay soils to improve their texture and prevent them cracking in hot weather."

A 150mm deep mulch of mixed peat, sharp washed sand and horticultural grit was applied on top of a heavy clay soil to improve its structure, and stop the plants therein from drowning in Soil Formation - What is Soil Texture? page.

"While, of course, partly rotted organic materials provide the basis of nearly all natural plant food taken up by the roots, they also act as a sponge, holding on to soil moisture which should otherwise be lost. At the same time soil texture is improved enormously by the air spaces left as the material breaks down further into humuds and it is from this that clay soils particularly benefit.

Humus.
Humus itself is the end product of the complex breaking down of organic materials added to the soil. It takes some time to reach this state and because of this, I try to give my roses regular dressings of organic matter each year, knowing that this breaking-down process is going on all the time.
Humus can be provided in a variety of ways, the best being as well-rotted farmyard or stable manure. Unfortunately, this is not often readily obtained near a town, and haulage over long distance may make the price prohibitive.

In Britain, unless you own the well-rotted farmyard manure, you cannot take it and transport it as a member of the public. You have to get the owner who could be a company or an individual to transport it to your property, which is why there are great heaps of the stuff lying on farmers and stable owners properties, which could benefit householder's gardens - another example of crass government stupidity.

Any decayed vegetable matter may be used with advantage if well worked in. There must be tons of kitchen vegetable trimmings put into dustbins each year which could, and should, be added to the garden compost heap.
Lawn mowings and other garden refuse, stacked for a few months and turned occasionally, will rot down into good manure.

When I was maintaining my customer's gardens, the gardens were too small to have large compost bins that I could apply sufficient prunings/weeds each fortnight for it to compost properly. So I advised my clients to have a small plastic dustbin under their sinks for vegetable and fruit peelings, used tea bags/coffee grounds and eggshells, which I could then apply to a newly weeded area in the garden as a 3 inch (7.5cm) deep mulch and cover over with a 0.5 inch (1 cm) layer of mown grass/mown prunings/mown removed weeds. That would decompose to produce humus, stop weed seeds germinating, stop the ground from drying out due to wind and sun; and reuse that organic matter for those garden plants.

Cultivation
Double digging is the most satisfactory preparation for roses. This means thoroughly breaking up the soil to a depth of about 24 inches (60cms). The work is commenced by taking out a 24 inch wide trench across the plot to a depth of 12 inches (30 cms), and wheeling the soil removed from this to the other end of the patch. Then, the gardener gets into the trench and, with a strong digging fork, breaks up the bottom soil as deeply as possible. A 6 inch (15cm) depth of well-rotted manure is incorporated with this soil which has been dug over at the bottom of the trench.
The work proceeds by opening an adjacent trench 24 inches in width and turning the soil onto the broken soil lying in the previous trench.
Now the bottom of this new trench is forked.
Manure is not wanted at first in the top soil because it check early root development in newly planted roses, but there is no reason why sheep's wool/bracken, straw or Green Compost should not be used to improve the texture of the top soil.
To complete the pre-planting preparations it is a good plan to dress the soil with bone-meal or hoof and horn, which will benefit the roses over an extended period.

The above cultivation is a pipedream in the modern gardens in Britain, since it is more than likely that there is a very little depth of topsoil below the turf, before you get to the subsoil of clay or sand with perhaps rubble on top of that subsoil.
I suggest that you dig down through the turf as far as you can using a fork, then fork in a depth of 6 inches (15cms) layer of sheep's wool/bracken, straw or Green Compost. Then using the fork mix this with the next forkfull of turf/soil, before repeating the process until the bed for the roses has been dug. Water the dug area with a a good amount of water.
Leave the dug area for 3 months.
Then, Dig down 2 forks depth and laying this to one side.
Apply the manure to the bottom of the trench and mix it with a fork's depth of the next part of the turf/soil depth of trench. Next, apply a 3 inch (7.5cm) depth layer of sheep's wool/bracken, straw or Green Compost. Then dig the second fork depth fork depth to lay on top of that mulch. Repeat the process until completion.
Leave for 2 months before applying the
bone-meal or hoof and horn.

Planting
Roses can be planted at any time from late October to late March, but from past experience I have found that November is probably the most favourable month. Many roses are now grown in pots and these can be transplanted at any time, even in mid-summer, providing moist soil is kept around the roots.

Faults to avoid in planting.
There are 3 things to avoid as each of them may check the plants severely. They are:

  • allowing the roots to become dry before or during the time of planting;
  • planting too deeply, and
  • doubling up some of the roots so that their ends are pointing upwards instead of outwards or downwards as they should

To these I would add insufficient firming of the soil, but I do not regard this as quite so serious as the other 3, particularly if roses are planted in the autumn, because the amount of rain we usually get in 1964 then soon consolidates the soil even if it has not been well trodden down in the first place.

Arrival from nursery.
Roses, if properly packed, should arrive from the nursery with their roots reasonably moist, but if they appear to be dry, do not hesitate to stand them in a bucket of water for 30 minutes to get a thorough soaking. Then, either dig a hole big enough to accomodate all the roots in the bundle of roses and cover them immediately with soil, or wrap damp hemp sacking or straw around them.
If the rose arrives in a pot, then soak it for 30 minutes in the bucket. Take them out of the bucket and wrap them in damp hemp sacking or straw to prevent them drying out.
It may take several hours to plant a large number properly and in that time roots can be seriously damaged by drying out if left exposed to the sun or a drying wind.

His book will explain everything else you need to know!!!
 

 

---------

 

 

I Can Garden has information like this:-

"Spring 2013 promises to be “Rose Heaven” for fans of David Austin Roses. The famous Shropshire, England rose breeder is introducing six exquisite new English Rose varieties to North America. The six varieties – deliciously fragrant and robust, season-long repeat bloomers -- are available by mail order from www.davidaustinroses.com.

The six new English Roses are:-

‘Wollerton Old Hall’, a beautiful chalice-shaped, creamy-apricot colored rose considered to be one of the most fragrant English Roses of all time with a delicious strong myrrh scent with elements of citrus;

‘Lady Salisbury’, a plump, multi-petalled pure pink rose with great Old Rose charm;

‘Fighting Temeraire’, an abundantly-blooming, rich apricot rose with an award-winning fruity fragrance with notes of lemon zest;

‘England’s Rose’, a particularly tough and reliable variety with glowing pink flowers and a strong Old Rose fragrance with a warm spicy character;

‘Queen Anne’ with pure rose-pink flowers, few thorns and an appealing full-bodied Old Rose fragrance;

‘The Lady’s Blush’ a lightly-scented, semi-double, soft pink rose with lovely open flowers exhibiting unusual grace and freshness.

David Austin’s English Roses are known for combining the romantic flower forms and perfume of Old Roses with the broad color range and repeat-flowering of modern roses. As a rose breeder, David Austin’s achievement is in marrying this lovely “English Rose” look with tough-as-nails garden performance, vigorous growth, full bushes, disease resistance and prolific season-long bloom. English Roses are suited to growing in full sun or partial shade provided the site is not overhung by tree canopies. Gardeners who long to recreate the English cottage garden style in their yard can rest assured that these are roses with passports. They are not only grown in England, but are truly world travelers, found throughout the U.S.A. and Canada and, indeed, in every rose growing country in the world.

All David Austin roses sold in North America are specially selected for North American growing conditions and climate zones. All are grown and shipped within North America. Also available free upon request, is David Austin’s award-winning catalog, "The Handbook of Roses 2013," a must-have for rose lovers, with 120 pages of color illustrations." from Six New David Austin English Roses by Sally Ferguson. October 21, 2012

 

How to grow and care for roses in Australia. and
why you should combine roses with other plants.
How to use companion plants with roses from David Austin Roses.
Underplanting Roses - Companion Plants for Roses by Gardenia Creating Gardens.

All the Rose Index Tables are in the Rose Plants Site Map Page.
Each of the roses in the 343 Roses Table includes bloom colour thumbnail, rose use, height and width with link to its Rose Description Page.

There are further details on roses in the Plants section.

 

"The 5 P’s For Easy Rose Growing

1. Planning

2. Preparation

3. Planting

4. Pruning

5. Preservation

Planning

Try to plan well in advance of purchasing your roses. Roses come in a multitude of sizes, habits and colours. They prefer a sunny position and a neutral or slightly acidic well drained soil. Certain roses will tolerate differing degrees of shade and some will thrive in poor soils. Do your homework.

Preparation

The area to be planted should be free of weeds and deeply dug with the addition of plenty of organic matter such as well rotted farmyard manure or garden compost plus bonemeal. Soil that has previously grown roses should be removed to a depth of 45cms and replaced with fresh soil from elsewhere. This should be completed well before planting to allow the soil to settle.

Planting

Bare root roses can be planted from November until March provided the soil is workable. Dig a hole large enough to accommodate the roots. Mix a handful of bonemeal with the excavated soil. Spread the roots out in the hole and gradually replace the soil firming well so the union (where the shoots meet the roots) is 2-3 cms. below the soil, water well. If conditions are very wet or frosty when your roses arrive they can be kept unopened in their packaging for a week or more and planted as soon as things improve.

Pruning

This is a way to maintain a healthy, productive and well balanced plant. Different types of roses require different strategies so see the group headings on the website for more detailed pruning guides. Always use sharp secateurs or loppers and try to prune just above an outward facing bud (where the leaf stalk meets the stem) with a cut sloping down away from the bud. Remove any dead, damaged or diseased wood before pruning.

Preservation

Roses can be long lived plants provided they are properly maintained. They require plenty of moisture and nutrients to stay healthy and flourish. In dry spells water well, especially in the first few years after planting. The application of a deep mulch in the spring will help to retain water. Feed twice a year on heavy soils (March and June) and more regularly on lighter soils with a good rose fertilizer or fish blood and bone. Pests and diseases are best controlled with good husbandry. There are some good organic products on the market now that can be used to help maintain your plants health. Any suckers (shoots growing from the rootstock) should be pulled off (not cut) as soon as possible." from Trevor White Old Fashioned Roses.

 

---------

 

"Pruning roses - the sissinghurst method

Pruning roses the Sissinghurst way helps create those wonderful fountains of roses you see in summer gardens - delicious-smelling, out-of-control geysers of flowers that effuse all over the garden. Pruning roses like this means you don't get those boring little twiggy bushes, all leg and no body, surrounded by bare ground.

The Sissinghurst rose pruning technique originated at Cliveden with the Astors' head gardener Jack Vass, who moved to Sissinghurst in 1939.

Vita Sackville-West loved her roses, particularly the dark, rich Gallicas such as 'Charles de Mills', 'Tuscany Superb' and 'Cardinal de Richelieu', but it was Jack Vass who started to grow them in this exceptional way, and roses have been pruned and trained like this at Sissinghurst ever since. Other National Trust properties send their gardeners here to learn this ingenious technique.

The rose pruning philosophy can be summed up as "treat them mean, keep them keen". If you put every stem of a rose plant under pressure, bending and stressing it, the rose will flower more prolifically. The plant's biochemistry tells the bush it's on the way out and so needs to make as many flowers as possible.

THE SISSINGHURST ROSE PRUNING TECHNIQUE

Climbers and ramblers

The rose pruning season at Sissinghurst starts in November with the climbers and ramblers that cover almost every one of the terracotta brick walls.

First, the gardeners cut off most of that year's growth. This keeps the framework of the rose clear and prevents the plant from becoming too woody.

Next, large woody stems are taken out - almost to the base - to encourage new shoots. These will flower the following year.

The remaining branches are re-attached to the wall, stem by stem, starting from the middle of the plant, working outwards, with the pruned tip of each branch bent down and attached to the one below.

Climbers such as 'Paul's Lemon Pillar' are a bit more reluctant than ramblers like 'Albertine' and the famous Rosa mulliganii on the frame in the centre of the White Garden, which are very bendy and easy to train.

Shrub roses

Once the wall roses are done, it's the turn of the border shrubs. They should be pruned before they come into leaf to prevent leaf buds and shoots from being damaged as their stems are manipulated. Depending on their habit, shrub roses are trained in one of three ways.

The tall, rangy bushes with stiffer branches (such as 'Charles de Mills', 'Ispahan', 'Gloire de France', 'Cardinal de Richelieu' and 'Camayeux') are twirled up a frame of four chestnut or hazel poles. Every pruned tip is bent and attached to a length below.

The big leggy shrubs, which put out great, pliable, triffid arms that are easy to tie down and train, are bent on to hazel hoops arranged around the skirts of the plant. Roses with this lax habit include 'Constance Spry', 'Fantin-Latour', 'Zéphirine Drouhin', 'Madame Isaac Pereire', 'Coupe d'Hébé', 'Henri Martin' and 'Souvenir du Dr Jamain'.

All the old and diseased wood is removed and then, stem by stem, last year's wood is bent over and tied onto the hazel hoop. You start at the outside of the plant and tie that in first and then move towards the middle, using the plant's own branches to build up the web and - in the case of 'Constance Spry' and 'Henri Martin' - create a fantastic height, one layer domed and attached to the one below. Without any sign of a flower, this looks magnificent as soon as it's complete, and in a couple of months, each stem, curved almost to ground level, will flower abundantly.

That leaves just the contained, well behaved, less prolific varieties ('Petite de Hollande', 'Madame Knorr', 'Chapeau de Napoléon', ( syn. Rosa x centifolia 'Cristata') and those that produce branches too stiff to bend ('Felicia' and the newish David Austin rose, 'William Shakespeare 2000'). These are pruned hard, then each bush is attached to a single stake, cut to about the height of the pruned bush and attached by twine. Without the stake, even these will topple under the weight of their summer growth.

For those who live in the North, where some roses are yet to leaf, you could get bending now. If your roses are already too advanced for this year, come and see how it's all done at Sissinghurst." from Sarah Raven.

 

Peter Beales Roses - An illustrated encyclopedia and grower's handbook of species roses, old roses and modern roses, shrub roses and climbers by Peter Beales (ISBN 0-00-272178-3) is an excellent book concerning roses and what can be grown in different parts of the world.

Excellent Roses

I think that the following shrubs are excellent roses for their type:-

Bloom Colour

Rose Type

Rose Name

Height x Width in inches (cms)

Comments

Shrubs

Apricot

rosasouthamptoncflorogerltd

Flori-bunda Shrub 5

Southam-pton

36 x 24 inches (90-60 cms)

Excellent for bedding, hedging and in pots. Moderately fragrant blooms.

Apricot

rosasweetdreamcflorogerltd

Patio Bush 8

Sweet Dream

36 x 24 inches (90-60 cms)

The most popular selling rose in England. Use for bedding, in hedges or pots.

Apricot fading to pink

rosasilverjubileecflo1

Hybrid Tea Shrub 4

Silver Jubilee

42 x 24 (105 x 60)

One of the best roses ever raised and popular for bedding, hedging, and growing in pots; with thorny stems.

 

 

 

 

 

Reddish-Brown

rosahotchocolatecflo

Flori-bunda Shrub 5

Hot Chocolate

36 x 32 (90 x 80)

Awarded the accolade of novelty rose 2006. Use for bedding and in pots.

Crimson-Purple

rosaroseraiedelhaycflorogerltd

Modern Shrub 2

Roseraie de l'Hay

72 x 60 (180 x 150)

One of the best-loved rugosas. Use for impenetrable fragrant flowered hedge

 

 

 

 

 

Red

rosadorismorgancflo1

Mini-flora Shrub 6a

Doris Morgan

18 x 18 inches (45-45 cms)

Award of Excellence in 2003. Use for bedding and in pots. Moderately fragrant.

Red and Crimson

rosamarlenacflorogerltd

Flori-bunda Shrub 5

Marlena

18 x 18 inches (45-45 cms)

Bronze tinted dark green foliage on reliable ground cover. Also for use in bedding, hedging and pots.

Crimson

rosaalecsredflot

Hybrid Tea Shrub 4

Alec's Red

30 x 24 inches (75-60 cms)

A good all-rounder which is suitable for bedding or planting in groups as bushes or standards with outstanding sweet fragrance

Crimson

rosagladtidingscflorogerltd

Flori-bunda Shrub 5

Glad Tidings

30 x 24 inches (75-60 cms)

Excellent for bedding, hedging, in pots and for non-fragrant cut bloom.

Crimson red with white eye

rosamatangicflorogerltd

Flori-bunda Shrub 5

Matangi

36 x 24 inches (90-60 cms)

Excellent for bedding and hedges.

Orange-red

rosatonyjacklincflorogerltd

Flor-bunda Shrub 5

Tony Jacklin

36 x 24 inches (90-60 cms)

Use for bedding, hedging and slightly fragrant cut flower for the house and exhibition.

Crimson

rosagallicaofficinaliscflorogerltd

Gallica Shrub 25

Rosa gallica officinalis

36 x 36 inches (90-90 cms)

In the Middle Ages its scent-retaining properties were much valued by apothecaries. Use for Hedging, cutting and in pots. Rosa gallica versicolor is its striped bloom sport.

Crimson

rosaroyalwilliamcflorogerltd

Hybrid Tea Shrub 4

Royal William

48 x 24 inches (120-60 cms)

Rose of the Year 1987. Ideal for bedding, grow in pots and as a very fragrant cut flower

Crimsonrosaprestigecfloanderson

Modern Shrub 2

Prestige

48 x 36 inches (120-90 cms)

Healthy very floriferous grower, makes a good hedge or speciman bush 4-6 feet high.

Red

rosaingridbergmancflorogerltd

Hybrid Tea Shrub 4

Ingrid Bergman

54 x 24 (135 x 60)

Use in bedding, in pots and as a very fragrant cut bloom

Crimson

rosahenrimartincflorogerltd

Moss Shrub 27

Henri Martin

60 x 48 inches (150-120 cms)

Well worth growing for the sheer quantity of very fragrant blooms produced. Use for Hedging

Vermilion

rosaalexandercflo1

Modern Shrub 1

Alexander

78 x 48 (195 x 120)

Ideal for the back of the border or for hedging. Good for cutting.

Crimson

rosamoyesiiflot

Wild Roses Shrub 38

Rosa moyesii

120 x 72 (300 x 180)

Shrub with hips in the autumn. Use as wall plant, or for Woodland and covert planting.

 

 

 

 

 

Orange

rosaamberstarcflo1

Mini-ature Bush 8

Amber Star

15 x 15 (38 x 38)

Easy to grow. Good for close-density bedding, in pots or external window boxes. Exhibition variety and slightly fragrant cut flower.

Orange

rosajustjoeycflo1

Hybrid Tea Shrub 4

Just Joey

24 x 24 inches (60-60 cms)

Use in bedding and pots. Moderate fragrance.

Orangerosadawnchoruscflo

Hybrid Tea Shrub 4

Dawn Chorus

30 x 18 inches (75-45 cms)

Rose of the Year 1993. Use as bedding.

Orange

rosahallecflo1

Hybrid Tea Shrub 4

Halle

36 x 24 inches (90-60 cms)

Extremely free flowering and very fragrant. Use for bedding and hedging.

 

 

 

 

 

Pinkrosajeanmermozcflorogerltd

Poly-antha Shrub 7

Jean Mermoz

24 x 18 inches (60-45 cms)

Bedding, Ground-cover and in pots. Slightly fragrant.

Pinkrosaenglishmisscflo1

Flori-bunda Shrub 5

English Miss

24 x 24 inches (60-60 cms)

Use for bedding, hedging and in pots. Slightly fragrant.

Pinkrosadoncharltoncflorogerltd

Hybrid Tea Shrub 4

Don Charlton

30 x 24 (75 x 60)

Very fragrant and a good cut flower.

PinkrosajillyjewelCflorogerltd

Mini-ature Bush 8

Jilly Jewel

30 x 30 inches (75-75 cms)

Used in cut flower production throughout the world

Pink

rosapinkparfaitcflorogerltd

Flori-bunda Shrub 5

Pink Parfait

36 x 24 inches (90-60 cms)

Excellent for bedding, hedging, in pots and slightly fragrant cut blooms.

Pinkrosacecilebrunnerwhiteflot

China Shrub 23

Cecile Brunner White

48 x 24 inches (120-60 cms)

Compact growth makes it perfect for the front of the border.

Pink

rosafrudagmarcflo1hartopp

Modern Shrub 2

Fru Dagmar Hartopp

48 x 48 inches (120-120 cms)

Grows almost anywhere. Good autumn foliage and hips. Can be used as ground cover and grown in pots.

Pinkrosafeliciacflorogerltd

Modern Shrub 2

Felicia

48 x 48 inches (120-120 cms)

Fragrant Specimen plant.

Pink

rosathequeenelizabethcflorogerltd

Flor-bunda Shrub 5

The Queen Elizabeth Rose

60 x 30 (150 x 75)

Outstanding vigorous, upright, and reliable for hedging, in pots and slightly fragrant cut flowers.

Pink

rosacaninadogroseflot

Modern Shrub 10

Rosa canina Dog Rose

120 x 72 (300 x 180)

The flowers of this native rose provide food for the bees and the hips provide food for the birds, in hedges.

 

 

 

 

 

Purple-violetrosatwiceinabluemooncflo1

Hybrid Tea Shrub 4

Twice in a Blue Moon

36-60 x 18 (90-150 x 45)

Use for bedding, growing in pots and very fragrant cut flower.

 

 

 

 

 

White

rosasilverweddingcflorogerltd

Hybrid Tea Shrub 4

Silver Wedding

30 x 24 (75 x 60)

Use for bedding, growing in pots and as a slightly fragrant superb cut flower.

Whiterosamargaretmerrillcflorogerltd

Flor-bunda Shrub 5

Margaret Merril

30 x 24 (75 x 60)

Use for bedding, hedging, in pots and very fragrant cut flowers.

White

rosaicebergcflo1

Flori-bunda Shrub 5

Iceberg (Shrub)

36 x 24 inches (90-60 cms)

One of the best Floribundas ever raised and the most popular white Floribunda. Use for bedding hedging, in pots and moderate fragrance cut flowers.

Whiterosairrisistiblecflorogerltd

Mini-ature Bush 8

Irresistible

36 x 30 inches (90-75 cms)

Best exhibit show mini

Whiterosapimpinellifoliaflot

Port-land Shrub 28

Rosa pimpinelli-folia

36 x 36 inches (90-90 cms)

Good thorny impenetrable hedge

Whiterosablancdoubledecoubertcflorogerltd

Modern Shrub 2

Rosa 'Blanc Double de Coubert'

60 x 48 inches (150-120 cms)

Good thorny rugosa impenetrable hedge

Whiterosaprosperitycflorogerltd

Modern Shrub 2

Prosperity

60 x 48 inches (150-120 cms)

Fragrant flowers on arching shoots in a hedge

 

 

 

 

 

 

Growing Roses in Containers

Select large terracotta pots or deep half barrels for soil volume and root stability.

Place the pot onto feet and add a drainage layer of 1" depth of pea-shingle at the bottom with 1" layer of Cotton Wool on top to prevent the compost mixture from mixing with the pea-shingle, so that the plants cannot drown or be continuosly waterlogged. Pot up in November with bare root plants using 4 parts by volume of John Innes No 3 with 1 part of either Multi-Purpose Compost or 1 of cow manure.

The plant should receive sunshine for at least half the day, with the pot being in shade. Top-dress with granular rose fertiliser in the Spring; avoid feeding after August and replace the compost every second year.

Grow the following patio and miniature roses in 14 inch deep pots and ground cover, half-standards or climbing roses in minimum of 18 inch deep pots:-

Climbers

Ground Cover

Miniature and patio roses

Half-Standards

  • Rosa 'Flower Power' with Peachy-Salmon Flowers from Cants Roses
  • Rosa 'Frothy' with White flowers Flowers from Cants Roses
  • Rosa ' Pink Hit' with Soft Pink Flowers from Cants Roses
  • Rosa 'Scarlet Hit' with Red Flowers from Cants Roses
  • Rosa 'Shine On' with Orange Flowers from Cants Roses
  • Rosa 'Shrimp Hit' with Red Flowers from Cants Roses
  • Rosa 'Sun Hit' with Yellow Flowers from Cants Roses
  • Rosa 'Sweet Dream' with Apricot-peach Flowers from Cants Roses
  • Rosa 'Sweet Memories' with Yellow Flowers from Cants Roses
  • Rosa 'Wildfire' with Orange Flowers from Cants Roses

Yellowrosadoreencflorogerltd

Hybrid Tea Shrub 4

Doreen

18 x 24 (45 x 60)

Very popular short dense plant with thorny stems

Yellowrosagwentcflo1

Ground Cover 10

Gwent

24 x 120 (60 x 300)

Ground cover use and in pots. Slightly fragrant blooms.

Yellow

rosaamberqueencflo

Flori-bunda Shrub 5

Amber Queen

24 x 24 inches (60-60 cms)

Use for bedding, growing in pots and moderately fragrant cut flower.

Yellow

rosafreedomcflorogerltd

Hybrid Tea Shrub 4

Freedom

30 x 24 (75 x 60)

One of the best Hybrid Teas for bedding and mass planting with moderate fragrance and retention of bloom colour

Yellowrosagoldenweddingcflo1

Modern Shrub 2

Golden Wedding

36 x 36 inches (90-90 cms)

Compact shrub with plenty of foliage for use in bedding.

Yellowrosagrahamthomascflo1coblands

Modern Shrub 1

Graham Thomas

48 x 36 inches (120-90 cms)

Good for Hedging, or growing in pots.

Yellow

rosapeaceflot

Hybrid Tea Shrub 4

Peace

48 x 36 inches (120-90 cms)

Perhaps the best known and loved rose of all time. Use for hedges, as a slightly fragrant cut flower and for exhibition. Chicago Peace is identical to Rosa 'Peace' except for colour, which is a coppery yellow base overlaid with deep pink.

Yellow

rosachinatowncflorogerltd

Flori-bunda Shrub 5

China-town

48 x 36 inches (120-90 cms)

Use as a free-standing shrub, bedding or hedging with very fragrant blooms.

Yellow

rosabuffbeautyCflorogerltd

Modern Shrub 2

Buff Beauty

60 x 60 (150 x 150)

Vigorous Hedge with strongly scented flowers continuously through the summer.

Yellow

rosafruhlingsgoldcflorogerltd

Modern Shrub 10

Fruhlings-gold

84 X 60 (210 x 150)

A very fragrant flowering shrub in the Spring only and use for Hedging

Yellow

rosamaigoldcflo

Modern Shrub 10

Maigold

120 x 96 (300 x 240)

Superb climber as a pillar rose, on walls, fences or into trees with moderate fragrance.

 

 

 

 

 

Apricot and Pink

rosapartygirlcflorogerltd

Mini-ature Bush 8

Party Girl

12 x 24 (30 x 60)

Excellent compact exhibition rose for edging borders. Spice fragrant blooms drop off cleanly.

Yellow and Redrosadancingflamecflorogerltd

Mini-ature Bush 8

Dancing Flame

24 x 24 inches (60-60 cms)

Use for bedding, pot, cut flower and outstanding for exhibition

Yellow and Redrosatequilasunrisecflorogerltd

Hybrid Tea Shrub 4

Tequila Sunrise

30 x 24 (75 x 60)

Use for bedding, hedges and growing in pots. Slight fragrance.

Orange, Red and Yellowrosalivingfirecflorogerltd

Flori-bunda Shrub 5

Living Fire

30 x 24 (75 x 60)

Tolerates shade. Use for bedding, hedging and for slight fragrance cut flower.

Apricot yellow and pinkrosaapricotsilkcflo1

Hybrid Tea Shrub 4

Apricot Silk

36 x 18 (90 x 45)

Excellent cut flower and moderately fragrant.

Pink, Apricot and ivoryrosafificflorogerltd

Flori-bunda Shrub 5

Fifi

36 x 24 inches (90-60 cms)

Reliable upright rose for bedding, in pots and very fragrant cut flower.

 

 

 

 

 

Excellent Roses

I think that the following Climbers are excellent in their type:-

Bloom Colour

Rose Type

Rose Name

Height x Width in inches

Comments

Climbers/Ramblers

Apricotrosabreathoflifecflo1

Clim-ber 17

Breath of Life

120 x 72 (300 x 180)

Reliable climber and moderately fragrant cut flowers.

 

 

 

 

 

Lavender -Purple flecked with White

rosaveilchenblauflot1

Ram-bler 16

Veilchen-blau

180 x 144 (450 x 360)

The blue Rose is an ideal and beautiful companion for cream and white ramblers when grown through old trees or supported on a wall facing any direction. Moderately fragrant.

 

 

 

 

 

Pink

rosaalohaflot1

Modern Clim-ber 13

Aloha

120 x 72 (300 x 180)

Superb climber as a pillar rose, on walls, fences or into pergolas. Very fragrant cut flower.

Pink

rosazephirinedrouhincflo1a

Bour-bon Shrub 21

Zephirine Drouhin

120 x 72 (300 x 180)

Thornless shoots with very fragrant blooms on a pillar rose, or climber which can be grown into trees.

Pinkrosanewdawncflorogerltd1

Ram-bler 16

New Dawn

120 x 96 (300 x 240)

Ideal smaller rambling rose with very fragrant blooms.

Pink

rosapinkperpetuecflorogerltd1

Clim-ber 17

Pink Perpetue

144 x 96 (360 x 240)

One of the outstanding modern climbers with moderate fragrance, excellent foliage and tolerant of shade.

Pink

rosaladysylviacfloclimbing1

Clim-ber 17

Lady Sylvia Climbing

180 x 120 (450 x 300)

One of the most popular climbers of the 1930s. Used for hedges, grown into trees and provides very fragrant cut flowers.

Pink

rosamadammegregoirestaechelincflorogerltd1

Clim-ber 17

Madamme Gregoire Staechelin

180 x 120 (450 x 300)

A climbing rose of exceptional vigour. If it is not dead-headed it produces superb, large, orange-red hips in the autumn.

Red

rosadublinbaycflorogerltd1

Clim-ber 17

Dublin Bay

84 x 60 (210 x 150)

A very good Pillar Rose as well as a large shrub or a hedge; with slightly fragrant blooms.

Red

rosathatsjazzCflo1a

Modern Clim-ber 13

Thats Jazz

120 x 72 (300 x 180)

Vigorous and disease resistant. Use as Climber, Pillar rose, in trees and in pots. Slightly fragrant blooms.

 

 

 

 

 

Whiterosamrsherbertstevensclimbingcflorogerltd1

Clim-ber 17

Mrs Herbert Stevens Climbing

144 x 96 (360 x 240)

One of the best white climbers. Very fragrant cut blooms.

Whiterosaalbericbarbiercflo1

Ram-bler 16

Alberic Barbier

180 x 120 (450 x 300)

One of the best ramblers for growing into trees. Slightly fragrant blooms.

White

rosamadammealfredcarrierecflorogerltd1

Noisette Climber 36

Madamme Alfred Carriere

180 x 120 (450 x 300)

Growth is vigorous with sparse thorns. It flowers almost continuously throughout the season and is quite tolerant of a North-facing wall situation. Moderately fragrant Climber or Pillar rose. Grow into trees. Good for cutting.

White

rosaramblingrectorcflorogerltd1

Ram-bler 16

Rambling Rector

240 x 180 (600 x 450)

Superb as a tree or hedgerow climber with fragrant flowers and small hips in the autumn.

White

rosaseagullcflorogerltd1

Ram-bler 16

Seagull

300 x 216 (750 x 540)

An established plant in full flush of highly scented flower is a sight to remember. Grow into trees

White

rosaweddingdaycflorogerltd1

Clim-ber 18

Wedding Day

360 x 180 (900 x 450)

Thornless stems growth is rampant, capable of festooning tall trees.

 

 

 

 

 

Yellow

rosalaurafordcflorogerltd1

Clim-ber 13

Laura Ford

96 x 36 (240 x 90)

Constantly in non-fragrant flower during the Summer. Use as Pillar Rose or in Pots

Yellow

rosaemilygraycflorogerltd1

Ram-bler 16

Emily Gray

180 x 120 (450 x 300)

An outstanding moderately fragrant rose. Very floriferous on a vigorous plant.

This plant gallery has thumbnail pictures of rose flowers in the following colours:-

  • (o)Other Colours
  • (o)Orange
  • (o)Pink
  • (o)Red
  • (o)White
  • (o)Yellow
  • (o)2 or More Colours

This plant gallery has thumbnail pictures of rose foliage in the following colours:-

  • (o)Green
  • (o)Grey
  • (o)Purple
  • Red
  • (o)Bronze
  • Variegated White (or Silver) and Green
  • Variegated Yellow and Green
  • White
  • Yellow
  • Foliage changes colour from Summer to Autumn
  • Foliage changes colour from 1 season to another

Rose Class

This plant gallery has bloom thumbnail pictures of Modern Roses from the World Federation of Rose Societies Rose Classes in the following classes as adopted by the British National Rose Society last century:-

  • The links for these Rose Classes are in the table on the left:-
  • (o)1 Modern Shrub Recurrent Large-Flowered
  • (o)2 Modern Shrub Recurrent Cluster-Flowered
  • (o)3 Ground-Cover Recurrent
  • (o)4 Large-Flowered Hybrid Tea
  • (o)5 Cluster-Flowered Floribunda
  • 6 - Dwarf Cluster-Flowered
  • (o)6a - Dwarf Large-Flowered (Mini-flora in the American Rose Society Classification)
  • (o)7 Polyantha
  • (o)8 Miniature and Patio
  • 9 Modern Shrub Non-Recurrent Large-Flowered
  • (o)10 Modern Shrub Non-Recurrent Cluster-Flowered
  • (o)11 Ground-Cover Non-Recurrent
  • (o)12 Rambler Recurrent
  • (o)13 Large-Flowered Climber Recurrent
  • (o)14 Cluster-Flowered Climber Recurrent
  • 15 Climbing Miniature Recurrent
  • (o)16 Rambler Non-Recurrent
  • (o)17 Large-Flowered Climber Non-Recurrent
  • (o)18 Cluster-Flowered Climber Non-Recurrent
  • 19 Climbing Miniature Non-Recurrent

This plant gallery has bloom thumbnail pictures of Old Garden Roses from the World Federation of Rose Societies Rose Classes in the following classes as adopted by the British National Rose Society last century:-

  • (o)20 Alba (Shrubs)
  • (o)21 Bourbon (Shrubs)
  • 22 Boursalt (Shrub)
  • (o)23 China (Shrubs
  • (o)24 Damask (Shrubs)
  • (o)25 Gallica (Shrubs)
  • 26 Hybrid Perpetual (Shrubs)
  • (o)27 Moss (Shrubs)
  • (o)28 Portland (Shrubs)
  • (o)29 Provence (Centifolia) (Shrubs)
  • (o)30 Sweet Briar (Shrubs)
  • (o)31 Tea (Shrubs)
  • 32 Ayrshire
  • 33 Climbing Bourbon (Climbers)
  • 34 Climbing Boursalt (Climbers)
  • 35 Climbing Tea (Climbers)
  • (o)36 Noisette (Climbers)
  • (o)37 Sempervirens (Climbers) 1

This plant gallery has overall shape thumbnail pictures of Wild Roses from the World Federation of Rose Societies Rose Classes in the following classes as adopted by the British National Rose Society last century:-

  • (o)38 Wild Roses Non-Climbing
  • (o)39 Wild Roses Climbing

Thie Rose Plant 2 gallery has thumbnail pictures of rose hips with their colour:-

If you click on a thumbnail another window opens with up to 9 larger images (Flower, Foliage, Flower Bud, Old Garden Roses Group Plant Shape or Modern Roses Group shape and Hips- for Flower, Foliage, Shape and Hip pages) and the following plant description:-

  1. Plant Name
  2. Common Name
  3. Soil. They prefer fertile, humus-rich, well-drained soil like acidic sand.
  4. Sun Aspect
  5. Soil Moisture
  6. Plant Type
  7. Height x Spread in feet
  8. Foliage
  9. Flower Colour in Month(s). Hips.
  10. Comments - Form Type, Pruning Group, Native UK Plant.

The Site Map for Individual Rose Plants gives you access to the above 9 larger images and plant description for all the plants detailed in this Rose Plant Gallery in alphabetical order following the Old Garden Roses or Modern Roses Group name.

The Rose Plant 2 gallery has pictures of (o) rose flower beds with description.

Together with the Plants, Companion Planting and Offbeat Glossary sections of this website, these photographs should aid your choice of plant for your garden.

Most of this gallery photographs were provided by Chris Garnons-Williams, and others by R. V. Roger and Christine Foord.

Site design and content copyright ©November 2009.
Page structure amended in September 2012. Mail-order Nursery links updated June 2013 and again in May 2014. Flower Colour and Rose Use added to Non-RHS Bowes-Lyon Rose Garden Rose Index above in May 2014.
Format of text updated, added this table and the 343 roses table to each page Feb 2024.
Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services is not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.  

 

 

343 Roses with only bloom colour, rose use and rose name in this Index menu of Roses from Rose Plant Gallery, where they came from the nursery of R.V. Roger, who gave permission for me to use his photos from his website, and this gallery was created in 2007-2009.

Index of 147 Roses with only bloom, photo, rose use, rose name, rose class number, height and width in this Index menu of Roses from Other Roses A-F , Other Roses G-R , Other Roses S-Z Galleries, where they were the extra Roses that I took photos of in the nursery field of R.V. Roger Nurseries in 2014 is in the Rose Plant Site Map Page.

Copied from

Ivydene Gardens Other Roses S-Z Gallery:
Click on links below to see roses in other colours and different rose use for the Roses grown by R.V. Roger in 2009:-

Click for further details on WISLEY WISLEY Rose Plant Classification System:-

Rosa Wisley 2008 'AUSbreeze' is:-

  • Wisley 2008 is the Exhibition Name, the name it is introduced to the public by, the name that is used in retail and its cultivar name.
  • 'AUSbreeze' is the Registration Name, which is AUS to indicate that David Austin Roses Limited was its breeder and breeze was its name. Rosa England's Rose 'Auslounge' is described as England's Rose Varietal Name : Auslounge by Roses UK. So, besides the Registration Name, we also have the Varietal Name - see further naming problems in Rosa 'England's Rose' (AUSrace) page.

 

Normal Rose Plant Classification System:-

Now you should not confuse the above system with the usual retail name of Rosa 'Wisley 2008' (Ausbreeze) by Austin Roses where

  • 'Wisley 2008' is the cultivar name and
  • (Ausbreeze) is its Registration Name ( This is used in the trade to make absolutely certain that they know what the rose is). To differentiate the 2 parts of the Registration Name Ausbreeze would normally appear as AUSbreeze.


Link Index to
343 roses from the Alphabetical List of All Roses in the Rose Gallery from the Roses
(318 Rose Description Pages in the Rose Gallery) and
25 Rose Description Pages of those 343 roses in the Rose Use Gallery

 

G.
Gay Gordons Not available to buy in June 2014
2 Colours 1

Gentle Touch
Pink Pot Hed

Gertrude Jekyll
Pink Hed

Giggles
Pink Cut Exh Pot

Gioia

Gipsy Boy
Red Cli

Glad Tidings
Red Bed Cut Pot Hed

Glenfiddich
Yellow Bed Pot Hed

Gloire de Dijon
2 Colours 1 Pot

Gloria Dei

Glowing Amber
2 Colours 1 Bed Cut Exh Pot

Golden Chersonese
Yellow Bed

Golden Rambler
Yellow Cli Tre

Golden Showers
Yellow Cli

Golden Wedding
Yellow Bed

Goldilocks
Yellow Bed

Grace Abounding
2 Colours 1 Bed Pot Hed

Grace de Monaco
Pink Bed Pot

Grace Donnelly
2 Colours 2 Bed

Graham Thomas
Yellow Pot Hed

Great Double White

Gwent
Yellow Gro Pot
 

 

N.
Nevada
White Cli Hed Woo

New Dawn
Pink Cli

Nozomi
Pink Gro Pot
 

 

U.

 

Roses in this Gallery
Link Index contains the following:-

Rose Name Link followed by Rose Colour Link on next line:-

Other
Orange
Pink
Red
White
Yellow
2 Colours 1
2 Colours 2

followed by Rose Use:-

Arc for Arch, Pergola
Bed 1
, 2 for Bedding
Cli for Climber/Pillar
Cut 1, 2 for Cut-Flower
Edg for Edge of Border
Exh for Exhibition ,
Speciman
Fra 1, 2 for Fragrant
Gro for Ground-Cover
Hed 1, 2 for Hedge
Nor for North-facing Wall
Por 1, 2 for Tolerant of Poor Soil
Pot 1, 2 for Grow in Container
Shd for Tolerant of Shade
Tre for Climber in Tree
Woo for Woodland

 

Flower Shape
Cupped
Flat
Globular
High-Centered
Pompon
Rosette

Petal Count
Single
Semi-Double
Double 1, 2
Full
Very Full

If there is no colour following the plant name, this indicates that this name is either
a synonym of a Rose with a different retail name and its Rose Description Page already exists in this website
or
it is the Registration Name used by the Trade and the Rose Description Page of its retail name already exists in this website

.......................

 

Rose INDEX Page includes bloom colour thumbnail, rose use, height and width with link to its Rose Description Page.

 

A.
Acapulco
2 Colours 1 Bed

Adelaide d' Orleans
Pink Cli Hed Tre

Admiral Rodney
Pink Exh Woo

Affirm
Pink Bed Exh

Alba Maxima
White Hed Woo

Alberic Barbier
White Cli Pot Tre

Albertine
Pink Cli Tre

Alchymist
Yellow Cli

Alecs Red
Red Bed

Alexander
Red Hed Cut

Alistair Stella Gray

Aloha
Pink Cli Cut

Amber Queen
Yellow Bed Cut Pot

Amber Star
2 Colours 1 Bed
Cut Exh Pot

Amber Sunset
2 Colours 1 Bed
Cut Exh Pot

American Pillar
Pink Cli Gro Tre

Anabell
Orange Bed

Andeli

Annabelle

Apple Rose

Apricot Silk
2 Colours 1 Bed Cut

Apricot Sweet Dream

Arizona Sunset
2 Colours 2 Bed
Cut Exh Pot

Armosa

Arthur Bell
Yellow Bed Cut
Pot Hed

Arthur Bell Climbing
Yellow Cli Hed Tre

Arthur Merrill
Red Bed

Austrian Copper

Autumn
2 Colours 1 Bed
 

 

H.
Halle
Orange Bed Hed

Handel
2 Colours 1 Cli

Hannah

Hannah Hauxwell
Pink Pot

Hanne
Red Bed

Harry

Harry Wheatcroft
2 Colours 2 Bed

Heaven Scent
Red Bed Cut Pot Hed

Helens Trust
Red Bed Exh

Henri Martin
Red Hed

Hermosa
Pink

Hilde
Red Cut Exh

Honorine de Brabant
2 Colours 1 Cli

HORjemma

HORlexstrip

HORluisbond

HORminstrel

Hot Chocolate
Other Bed Pot

Hot Tamale
2 Colours 1 Bed Cut Exh Pot
 

 

O.
Old Glory
Red Cut Exh

Orangeade
Orange Bed Hed

Orange Sensation
Orange Bed Hed
 

 

 

"Roses UK is a joint marketing venture between BARB (British Association Of Rose Breeders) and the British Rose Group of the HTA (previously known as the British Rose Growers Association) aimed at maintaining and increasing the profile of the nation's favourite flower, the rose, through promotional activities.

Amongst its major activities is included responsibility for the organisation of the annual rose festival held at the RHS Hampton Court Palace Flower Show.

Roses UK also manages the Rose of the Year trials - a competition that has been running since 1982 and one that  is designed to select, through nationwide trials,  the best of new rose introductions, entered by professional rose breeders, for a given year.

The Gold Standard Rose Trial, independently managed by NIAB (National Institute of Agricultural Botany in Cambridge) on behalf of the British Association of Rose Breeders (BARB) is also promoted by Roses UK.

ROSES UK IS NEITHER A RETAILER NOR WHOLESALER OF ROSES".

 

V.
Veilchenblau
Other Cli Tre

Vera Parker
Red Exh

Voice of Thousands
2 Colours 1 Bed
 

 

B.
Baby Bio
Yellow Bed Pot Hed

Baby Boomer
Pink Bed

Baby Carnaval

Baby Katie
2 Colours 2 Bed
Cut Exh Pot

Baby Masquerade
2 Colours 1 Bed
Cut Pot

Ballerina
2 Colours 1 Bed

Baron Girod de L'Ain
Red Hed

Barry Stephens
2 Colours 1 Bed
Cut Exh

BATamy

BATmercury

Behold
Yellow Bed Cut
Exh Pot

Benardella's Pearl

BENben

BENday

BENfebu

BENfig

BENhile

BENmagic

BENmfig

BENpete

Berkshire
Red Gro Pot

Berolina

Betty's Smile
Pink Bed

Big Chief
Red Cut Exh

Birthday Girl
Other Bed Pot Hed

Black Jack
2 Colours 1 Cli
Cut Exh

Blanc Double de Coubert
White Pot Hed

Blessings
Pink Bed Cut

Blossomtime

Blossom Time
2 Colours 1 Cli

Blue Monday

Blue Moon
Other Bed Cut Exh Pot

Blush Noisette
Pink Cli

Bob Woolley
2 Colours 1 Cut Exh

Bobby Charlton
Pink Cut Exh Pot

Bonica
Pink Gro Pot Hed

Bonn
Red Hed

Bonny Prince Charlies Rose

Breath of Life
Orange Cli Cut

BRIincog

BRIman

BRIstar

Buff Beauty
Yellow Pot Hed

Burnet Rose
 

 

I.
Iceberg (Climber)
White Cli

Iceberg (Shrub)
White Bed Cut Pot Hed

Incarnata

Incognito
2 Colours 1 Cut Exh

Ingrid Bergman
Red Bed Cut Pot

Irenes Delight
Pink Bed Cut

Irish Beauty

Irish Wonder

Irresistible
White Cut Exh
 

 

P.
Paddy McGredy
Red Bed Pot Hed

Party Girl
2 Colours 2 Cut Exh

Pascali
White Bed Cut Pot

Paul Crampel
Orange Gro Pot Hed

Paul Grampel


Pauls Himalayan Musk
Other Cli

Pauls Lemon Pillar
2 Colours 1 Cli Cut

Pauls Scarlet
Red Cli Tre

Pax
White Hed

Peace
2 Colours 1 Cut Exh Hed

Pearl

Pearl Drift
White Gro Pot

Peer Gynt
2 Colours 1 Bed Cut Exh Pot Hed

Penelope
Pink Pot Hed

Peppermint Ice
White Bed Cut

Perle d'Or
2 Colours 1 Exh

Phoebe's Frilled Pink

Picasso
2 Colours 1

Pierrine
Pink Cut Exh

Pink Grootendorst
Pink Pot Hed Woo

Pink Parfait
Pink Bed Cut Pot Hed

Pink Perpetue
Pink Cli

Pirouette

Portland Trailblazer

Premiere Ballerine

Prestige
Red Exh Hed

Prima Ballerina
Pink Bed Cut

Prosperity
White Hed

Provence Rose
 

 

W.
Warm Welcome
Red Cli Pot

Wedding Day Climbing
White Cli Tre
Woo

Wendy Cussons
Red Cut Exh

Whisky Mac
Yellow Bed
Cut Pot

White Baby Rambler

White Bath
White Pot Hed

White Moss

White Rose of York

Wilhelm
Red Hed

Winchester Cathedral
White Bed Pot Hed

Woburn Abbey
2 Colours 1 Bed
Cut Pot Hed

World Rose
 

 

C.
Cabbage Rose
Pink Woo

Caledonian
2 Colours 1 Bed

Camaieux
2 Colours 1 Cut
Pot Hed

Cantabrigiensis
White Woo

Caribia

Castle of Mey
Orange Bed

Catherine Cookson
2 Colours 1 Bed
Cut Exh

Cecile Brunner White
White Bed Pot

Chanelle
White Bed Hed

Chapeau de Napoleon

Charismatic

Charlotte
Yellow Bed

Chelsea Belle
2 Colours 2 Cut Exh

Cheshire Rose

Chicago Peace
Yellow Bed Cut Hed

Childs Play
2 Colours 2 Bed
Cut Exh

Chinatown
Yellow Bed Hed

Chloe Star
Yellow

City of Leeds
Pink Bed Hed

Clifton Moss

COCbaden

Coeur d'Amour

Columbian Climber
Pink Cli Cut Pot

Compassion
2 Colours 1 Cli Cut

Complicata
Pink Cli Exh Hed

Copper Delight
2 Colours 1 Bed

Cornelia
Pink Pot Hed

Crimson Glory
Red Bed

Crimson Glory Climber
Red Cli Cut

Crimson Rambler
Red Tre

Cuisse de Nymphe
 

 

J.
Jacobite Rose

JACnor

JACorca

JACpoy

James Mason
Red Pot Hed

Jan Guest
2 Colours 2 Bed

Jean Kenneally
Other Cut Exh

Jean Mermoz
Pink Bed Gro Pot

Jemma Giblin
Yellow Pot

Jilly Jewel
Pink Bed Cut Exh Pot

Jiminy Cricket
Red Bed Pot Hed

Josephine Bruce
Red Bed Pot

Just Jenny
Other Pot

Just Joey
Orange Bed Pot
 

 

Q.
Queen Elizabeth
 

 

 

The Royal National Rose Society is "is not only the world’s oldest specialist plant society but the foremost global authority on the cultivation and care of the rose. Established in 1876, the RNRS now has a membership that spans the globe and includes many affiliated horticultural societies and research libraries, as well as thousands of rose- loving individuals.

Today, the RNRS is best known for its flagship Gardens of the Rose at Chiswell Green in Hertfordshire, on the outskirts of St Albans. Opened 50 years ago by the then Patron of the Society, the Princess Royal, The Gardens of the Rose offer five acres of stunning displays of tens of thousands of roses, both traditional and contemporary, complemented by a huge selection of companion plants.

A major objective is the administration of the RNRS International rose trials which are open to both professional and amateur rose breeders. Visit our International Rose Trials page for some background to the trialling process.

The Society is also recognised as a governing body in the administration of showing and judging roses in the UK. Visit our shows area page for details of forthcoming events."

 

X.
X Rated
2 Colours 1
Cut Exh
 

 

D.
Daily Sketch
2 Colours 1 Bed Hed

Dancing Flame
2 Colours 2 Bed
Cut Exh Pot

Danse de Feu
Red Cli

Darius

Darling Jenny
2 Colours 1 Cut Exh

Dawn Chorus
Orange Bed

Daybreak
Yellow Pot Hed

Dearest
Pink Bed Hed

Debbie Thomas
Pink Cut Exh

Deep Secret
Red Bed Cut

Deidre Hall
Other Bed Cut Exh

Dianthiflora

DICjem

DieKOR

Die Welt
2 Colours 1 Bed Cut

Doctor Dick

Dog Rose
Pink Hed Tre

Don Charlton
Pink Bed Cut Exh

Doreen
2 Colours 2 Bed

Doris Morgan
Red Bed Pot

Doris Tysterman
Orange Bed Cut Pot Hed

Dorothy Perkins
Pink Gro

Double Delight
2 Colours 2 Cut Pot

Double French Rose

Double Gold
Yellow Cut Exh Pot

Dr Dick
2 Colours 2 Bed
Cut Exh

Dr John Dickman
Other Bed Cut
Exh Pot

Dublin Bay
Red Cli Hed

Duftzauber

Dutch Gold
Yellow Bed Cut Exh
 

 

K.
Katharine Zeimet
White Gro Hed

Katherina Zeimet

Katherine Zeimet

Kathleen
Pink Exh

Kathleen Harrop
Pink Bed Cli

Kazanlik
Pink Woo

Kiftsgate
White Cli Gro Tre

Kim
2 Colours 1 Bed Pot Hed

KINfancy

Kitty Hawk
Pink Cut Exh

Konigliche Hoheit

KORbell

Korona
Red Bed Pot Hed

KORpriwa

Korresia
Yellow Bed Pot Hed

Kristin
2 Colours 1 Bed Cut Exh
 

 

 

"Find That Rose, the guide for rose lovers in the UK is now in its 31st year (2014). This website is based on the variety and Growers details, and also gives you planting and care advice.
There are roses for every situation. Breeders over the last decade or so have increased the choice with Patio/Courtyard climbers...suitable for the smaller gardens where taller and wider climbers are just too big.

The Book Find That Rose is designed to:

Help you find the rose of your choice
To help you contact specialist Rose Growers and suppliers
Discover who supplies roses mail order
Advise you which rose growers export
Help retailers and local authorities find a wholesale grower

Details of the 31st Edition of Find That Rose….. the book:Listing approx.  3,550 varieties available in the UK Approximately 200 new varieties listed in the 31st Edition.
46 growers/suppliers featured.
New for the 31st Edition - Dates of Variety Introductions.
Help in tracing a variety with a particular Christian name, or one for a special event.
Details on where you can see roses in bloom this summer.
All this and a Rose Discount voucher towards purchases of roses from select members.
To get the full pictures… i.e. the Book Find That Rose see request a Brochure"

 

R.
Rachel Kathleen
Red Bed Hed

Rambling Rector
White Hed Tre Woo

Red Coat
Red Cli Hed Woo

Red Devil
Red Cut Exh

Red Dorothy Perkins

Red Moss

Red Rose of Lancaster

Red Splendour
Red Bed

Regensberg
2 Colours 1 Bed Pot

Remember Me
2 Colours 1 Bed

Rosa arvensis

Rosa banksiae lutea
Yellow Cli

Rosa canina Dog Rose

Rosa x cantabrigiensis

Rosa x centifolia muscosa
Pink Exh

Rosa eglanteria

Rosa foetida bicolor
Orange Bed Cli Pot

Rosa gallica officinalis
Red Cut Pot Hed

Rosa gallica versicolor
2 Colours 1 Cut Pot Hed

Rosa glauca
Pink Cut Hed Woo

Rosa hugonis
Yellow Woo

Rosa lutea punicea

Rosa mulliganii
White Cli Gro Tre

Rosa multi-bracteata Cerise Bouquet
Red Cli Exh Woo

Rosa moyesii
Red Cli Woo

Rosa Mundi

Rosa nutkana Plena
Pink Pot Woo

Rosa pimpinellifolia
White Pot Hed Woo

Rosa pomifera

Rosa pteragonis cantabrigiensis

Rosa rubrifolia

Rosa rubiginosa

Rosa rugosa
Pink Hed Woo

Rosa rugosa alba
White Hed Woo

Rosa rugosa atropurpurea
Other Hed Woo

Rosa rugosa rubra

Rosa villosa
Pink Exh

Rosa x centifolia

Rosa x centifolia 'Cristata'

Rose Baby

Rosemary Rose
Red Bed Cut Pot Hed

Rose of Provins

Roseraie de l'Hay
Other Hed Woo

Rosy Cushion
Pink Gro Pot

Royal Gold
Yellow Cli Cut

Royal Highness
Pink Bed Cut Exh

Royal Salute
Red Cut Exh

Royal William
Red Bed Cut Pot

Ruby Baby
2 Colours 2 Cut Exh

Ruby Pendant
Other Cut Exh Hed

Ruby Wedding
Red Bed Cut Pot
 

 

Y.
Yellow Banksia

Yellow Cecile Brunner

Yorkshire Lady
2 Colours 1
Cut Exh
 

 

E.
Eglantine Rose

Elizabeth of Glamis
Orange Bed Cut Hed

Emily Gray
Yellow Tre

Ena Harkness
Red Bed

Ena Harkness Climbing
Red Cli Cut

Engineers Rose

English Miss
Pink Bed Pot Hed

Escapade
Other Bed Cut
Exh Pot Hed

Etoile de Hollande Climbing
Red Cli

Evelyn Fison
Red Bed Pot Hed

Excelsa
Red Gro Tre
 

 

L.
Lady Sylvia
2 Colours 2 Bed Cut Cut Pot

Lady Sylvia Climbing
Pink Cli Hed Tre

Lady Penzance
Pink Woo

Landora

La Seduisante

Laura Ford
Yellow Cli Pot

La Virginale

L.D. Braithwaite
Red Cut Gro Pot

Leicester Abbey
Red Bed

Liberty Bell
2 Colours 1 Bed Cut Exh Pot

Lili Marlene
Red Bed

Lincolnshire Poacher
2 Colours 1 Bed

Linville
2 Colours 2 Cut Exh

Little Amy
2 Colours 2 Bed Cut Exh Pot

Little Dorrit
Pink Bed Pot

2 Colours 2 Cut Exh

Little Muff
Pink Cut Exh

Living Fire
2 Colours 1 Bed Cut Hed

Lord Penzance
2 Colours 1 Hed Woo

Luis Desamero
Yellow Cut Exh

LYOgi
 

 

S.
Sanders White

Sanders White Rambler

White Gro Tre

Sarah Van Fleet
Pink Pot Hed Woo

SAVachild

SAVadouble

SAVahold

SAVahowdy

SAVamor

SAVascent

SAVor

Scentsational
Other Cut Exh

Schneelicht
White Hed Woo

Schneewittchen

Schoolgirl
Orange Cli

Scotch Briar

Seagull
White Tre

SEAsoon

Selfridges
Yellow Cut Exh

Shailer's White Moss
White Cli

Sherired

Signature
Pink Bed Exh

Silver Anniversary
White Cut Exh

Silver Jubilee
Pink Bed Pot Hed

Silver Wedding
2 Colours 1 Bed Cut Pot

Sir Neville Marriner
Pink Bed

Sissi

Skyrocket

Someday Soon
Yellow Cut Exh

Southampton
2 Colours 2 Bed Pot Hed

Souvenir de Claudius Denoyel
Red Cli

Spanish Beauty

Sparkle Berry

Spectacular

St Cecilia
Pink Bed Cut Pot Hed

Starship
Yellow Bed Cut Exh Pot

Sunbird

Sunblest
Yellow Bed Cut Pot

Sunset Boulevard
Pink Bed

Sunsprite

Super Star
Red Bed Cut Pot Hed

Susan Ann

Sweet Briar
Pink Pot Hed Woo

Sweet Caroline
2 Colours 1 Cut Exh

Sweet Dream
Other Bed Pot Hed

Sweet Dreams
 

 

Z.
Zephirine Drouhin
Pink Cli Tre

Zigeunerknabe
 

 

F.
Fairhope
Yellow Bed Cut Exh

Fancy Pants
2 Colours 2 Bed
Cut Exh Pot

Fantin Latour
Pink Hed Woo

Fee des Neiges

Felicia
Pink Exh Pot Hed

Fifi
2 Colours 1 Bed
Cut Pot

Figurine
2 Colours 2 Bed
Cut Exh Pot

Fimbriata
White Hed Woo
Hed

FOUmich

Fragrant Cloud
Red Bed Pot

Fragrant Delight
Pink Bed Pot Hed

Francois Juranville
Pink Gro Tre

Frau Astrid Spath
Pink Bed Pot

Frau Dagmar Hartopp

Freddie Mercury
2 Colours 2 Bed

Freddy Mercury

Fred Loads
Pink Exh Hed

Freedom
Yellow Bed Pot

Fresia

Friesia

Fru Dagmar Hartopp
Pink Gro Pot Woo

Fru Dagmar Hastrup
Pink

Fruhlingsduft
2 Colours 1 Hed
Woo

Fruhlingsgold
Yellow Hed Woo

Fruhlingsmorgen
2 Colours 1 Hed
Woo

FRYhunky

FRYminicot
 

 

M.
MACros

Madamme Alfred Carriere
2 Colours 1 Cli Cut Tre

Madamme A Meilland

Madamme Caroline Testout Climbing
Pink Cli

Madamme Gregoire Staechelin
Pink Cli

Madamme Isaac Periere
Pink Cli

Mme Neumann

Maidens Blush Great
Pink Cli Cut Hed Woo

Maidens Blush Small
Pink Cut Pot Hed Woo

Maigold
Yellow Cli Tre

Mainzer Fastnacht

Maltese Rose

MANglow

Margaret Hall
Pink Bed Cut Exh

Margaret Merril
White Bed Cut Pot Hed

Margo Koster
Orange Bed Gro Pot Hed

Marguerite Hilling
Pink Cli Hed Woo

Marlena
Red Bed Gro Pot Hed Hed

Masquerade
2 Colours 1 Bed Pot Hed

Masquerade Climbing
2 Colours 1 Cli

Matangi
2 Colours 1 Bed Hed

Max Graf
Pink Gro

McGredy's Sunset
2 Colours 1 Bed

McGredys Yellow
Yellow Bed Cut

Melanie Lemaire

Merlot
2 Colours 1 Bed Cut Exh

Mermaid
Yellow Cli

MICaroline

Michel Cholet
Other Cut Exh

Michelle Chole
t

Michele Meilland
2 Colours 1 Bed Cut Pot

MICpie

Mignon

Mike Thompson
Red Cut Exh

Minnie Pearl
Pink Cut Exh Pot

Miss Flippins
2 Colours 1 Cut Exh

Moonlight
White Hed

Morning Jewel
Pink Cli

Mother's Love
Pink Cut Exh

Mrs Herbert Stevens Climbing
White Cli Cut

Mrs Sam McGredy Climbing
Red Cli Cut

Muff's Pet
Pink Cut Exh

Myra
2 Colours 1 Bed
 

 

T.
TALchelsea

TALfairhope

Tanbakede

Tequila Sunrise
2 Colours 1 Bed Pot Hed

Thats Jazz
Red Cli Pot Tre

The Apothecay's Rose

The Blue Rose

The Crested Provence Rose
Pink Woo

The Fairy
Pink Bed Gro Pot Hed

The Field Rose
White Gro Hed Woo

The Queen Elizabeth Rose
Pink Cut Pot Hed

The Sweetheart Rose

The World

Thinking of You
Red Bed

This is The Day
Red Bed Cut Exh Pot

Tickled Pink
Pink Bed Exh

Tina Turner
2 Colours 1 Bed

TINeally

TINlove

TINluis

TINresist

TINx

Tip Top
Pink Bed Pot Hed

Tom Foster
Yellow Bed

Tony Jacklin
Red Bed Cut Exh Hed

Topsi
Red Bed Pot Hed

Tour de Malakoff

Trigintipetala

Tropical Twist
2 Colours 1 Cut Exh

Tropicana

Trumpeter
Red Bed Pot Hed

TUCflame

TUCkflip

Turners Crimson

Tuscany Superb
Red Cut Pot Hed

Twice in a Blue Moon
Other Bed Cut Pot

Typhoon
2 Colours 1
 

 

Further links to Roses for:-

Companion Plants for Roses:-

  • See How to use Companion Plants from David Austin Roses.
  • "Many roses are pruned in winter and aren't very attractive at this time. Underplant them with a succession of spring bulbs such as snowdrops, crocus, grape hyacinths, narcissi, early-flowering tulips and late-flowering tulips, before the roses start to bloom.
    Alliums come up year after year and their violet, globe-like flowers look great with early roses. Alliums and other members of the onion family are said to ward off aphids, prevent rose black spot and even make the scent of roses stronger.
    The perennial wallflower, Erysimum 'Bowles's Mauve', starts flowering in spring and continues through summer – a great foil for white, pink, crimson or red roses. It then continues to flower for the rest of the year, providing interest after the roses have faded. Keep deadheading it for the best results.
    Most lilies come into flower just as the first flush of roses is beginning to go over. Tall, blowsy Lilium regale bears beautiful, white, pink-flushed flowers with a delicious fragrance. It also makes a good cut flower.
    Roses look great underplanted with hardy geraniums. Purple-blue geraniums like 'Rozanne' look good with many colours of rose, while pale pink Geranium x oxonianum 'Wargrave Pink' looks especially pretty with crimson roses such as 'Darcey Bussell'.
    Salvias come in a range of colours and make great partners for roses – they're long-flowering and their spire shapes give contrasting structure and interest. They also attract a huge number of beneficial insects and it's said that they help to keep mildew and blackspot at bay.
    Verbascums begin flowering in May and are still going when roses begin to bloom. They come in a wide range of colours, including yellow, white and peachy orange (such as 'Clementine', shown here). Their tall spires contrast beautifully with roses.
    Nepetas form a carpet of blue and look especially good with pink, crimson, red and even yellow roses. Nepeta ‘Six Hills Giant’ can be quite vigorous, so if you're short on space, go for Nepeta racemosa 'Walker's Low'. They attract many pollinators, especially bees and hoverflies.
    Penstemons not only look great with roses – they also keep the show going once they've finished blooming, often well into autumn. In shades of purple, pink, crimson or white, they look lovely with apricot, cream and pink roses.
    English lavender, Lavandula angustifolia, especially the dark purple-blue ‘Hidcote’, looks wonderful with apricot, pink, crimson or red roses. When not in flower, it offers neat mounds of evergreen, aromatic foliage.
    Late-flowering clematis make the perfect planting partners for climbing roses, especially rambling roses, which flower only once in summer. Depending on the varieties you grow, you could have your rose and clematis flowering together or the clematis flowering after the rose has finished, extending the season of colour to your pergola or arch.
    Other plants to grow with roses
    Alchemilla mollis, Campanulas, Grasses such as Stipa tenuissima, Gaura lindheimerei and
    Asters" from Gardeners World.
  • Underplanting Roses - Companion Plants for Roses from Gardenia.
  • What should you not plant around roses?
    Avoid plant companions with extensive root systems, such as large shrubs, that will deplete the soil of the resources your roses need to stay healthy. Roses, like many plants, won't flourish if they have to compete for water and nutrients.

    "Roses thrive in almost any USDA hardiness zone, depending on the variety. They love the sun and need soil that drains well. Roses are also classified heavy feeders, needing nutritious soil lower in nitrogen. Constantly wet roots and soil will lead to a plethora of problems, especially root rot.
    With these conditions in mind, there are a few plants not suited to roses:
    Bunchberry - needs shade and lots of water to thrive.
    Toad Lilies - need well-draining soil but do best in full shade.
    Leopard Plants - have a love of shade and need slightly alkaline soil that is moist.
    Fuchsia - shade is a requirement for this plant to thrive, along with rich moist soil." from Blooming Backyard.
     

Site design and content copyright ©October 2014. Updated flower colour page links from Rose Plant Gallery to Rose Plant 2 Gallery June 2024. Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services is not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.  

"Pruning roses - the sissinghurst method

Pruning roses the Sissinghurst way helps create those wonderful fountains of roses you see in summer gardens - delicious-smelling, out-of-control geysers of flowers that effuse all over the garden. Pruning roses like this means you don't get those boring little twiggy bushes, all leg and no body, surrounded by bare ground.

The Sissinghurst rose pruning technique originated at Cliveden with the Astors' head gardener Jack Vass, who moved to Sissinghurst in 1939.

Vita Sackville-West loved her roses, particularly the dark, rich Gallicas such as 'Charles de Mills', 'Tuscany Superb' and 'Cardinal de Richelieu', but it was Jack Vass who started to grow them in this exceptional way, and roses have been pruned and trained like this at Sissinghurst ever since. Other National Trust properties send their gardeners here to learn this ingenious technique.

The rose pruning philosophy can be summed up as "treat them mean, keep them keen". If you put every stem of a rose plant under pressure, bending and stressing it, the rose will flower more prolifically. The plant's biochemistry tells the bush it's on the way out and so needs to make as many flowers as possible.

THE SISSINGHURST ROSE PRUNING TECHNIQUE

Climbers and ramblers

The rose pruning season at Sissinghurst starts in November with the climbers and ramblers that cover almost every one of the terracotta brick walls.

First, the gardeners cut off most of that year's growth. This keeps the framework of the rose clear and prevents the plant from becoming too woody.

Next, large woody stems are taken out - almost to the base - to encourage new shoots. These will flower the following year.

The remaining branches are re-attached to the wall, stem by stem, starting from the middle of the plant, working outwards, with the pruned tip of each branch bent down and attached to the one below.

Climbers such as 'Paul's Lemon Pillar' are a bit more reluctant than ramblers like 'Albertine' and the famous Rosa mulliganii on the frame in the centre of the White Garden, which are very bendy and easy to train.

Shrub roses

Once the wall roses are done, it's the turn of the border shrubs. They should be pruned before they come into leaf to prevent leaf buds and shoots from being damaged as their stems are manipulated. Depending on their habit, shrub roses are trained in one of three ways.

The tall, rangy bushes with stiffer branches (such as 'Charles de Mills', 'Ispahan', 'Gloire de France', 'Cardinal de Richelieu' and 'Camayeux') are twirled up a frame of four chestnut or hazel poles. Every pruned tip is bent and attached to a length below.

The big leggy shrubs, which put out great, pliable, triffid arms that are easy to tie down and train, are bent on to hazel hoops arranged around the skirts of the plant. Roses with this lax habit include 'Constance Spry', 'Fantin-Latour', 'Zéphirine Drouhin', 'Madame Isaac Pereire', 'Coupe d'Hébé', 'Henri Martin' and 'Souvenir du Dr Jamain'.

All the old and diseased wood is removed and then, stem by stem, last year's wood is bent over and tied onto the hazel hoop. You start at the outside of the plant and tie that in first and then move towards the middle, using the plant's own branches to build up the web and - in the case of 'Constance Spry' and 'Henri Martin' - create a fantastic height, one layer domed and attached to the one below. Without any sign of a flower, this looks magnificent as soon as it's complete, and in a couple of months, each stem, curved almost to ground level, will flower abundantly.

That leaves just the contained, well behaved, less prolific varieties ('Petite de Hollande', 'Madame Knorr', 'Chapeau de Napoléon', ( syn. Rosa x centifolia 'Cristata') and those that produce branches too stiff to bend ('Felicia' and the newish David Austin rose, 'William Shakespeare 2000'). These are pruned hard, then each bush is attached to a single stake, cut to about the height of the pruned bush and attached by twine. Without the stake, even these will topple under the weight of their summer growth.

For those who live in the North, where some roses are yet to leaf, you could get bending now. If your roses are already too advanced for this year, come and see how it's all done at Sissinghurst." from Sarah Raven.

"The 5 P’s For Easy Rose Growing

1. Planning

2. Preparation

3. Planting

4. Pruning

5. Preservation

Planning

Try to plan well in advance of purchasing your roses. Roses come in a multitude of sizes, habits and colours. They prefer a sunny position and a neutral or slightly acidic well drained soil. Certain roses will tolerate differing degrees of shade and some will thrive in poor soils. Do your homework.

Preparation

The area to be planted should be free of weeds and deeply dug with the addition of plenty of organic matter such as well rotted farmyard manure or garden compost plus bonemeal. Soil that has previously grown roses should be removed to a depth of 45cms and replaced with fresh soil from elsewhere. This should be completed well before planting to allow the soil to settle.

Planting

Bare root roses can be planted from November until March provided the soil is workable. Dig a hole large enough to accommodate the roots. Mix a handful of bonemeal with the excavated soil. Spread the roots out in the hole and gradually replace the soil firming well so the union (where the shoots meet the roots) is 2-3 cms. below the soil, water well. If conditions are very wet or frosty when your roses arrive they can be kept unopened in their packaging for a week or more and planted as soon as things improve.

Pruning

This is a way to maintain a healthy, productive and well balanced plant. Different types of roses require different strategies so see the group headings on the website for more detailed pruning guides. Always use sharp secateurs or loppers and try to prune just above an outward facing bud (where the leaf stalk meets the stem) with a cut sloping down away from the bud. Remove any dead, damaged or diseased wood before pruning.

Preservation

Roses can be long lived plants provided they are properly maintained. They require plenty of moisture and nutrients to stay healthy and flourish. In dry spells water well, especially in the first few years after planting. The application of a deep mulch in the spring will help to retain water. Feed twice a year on heavy soils (March and June) and more regularly on lighter soils with a good rose fertilizer or fish blood and bone. Pests and diseases are best controlled with good husbandry. There are some good organic products on the market now that can be used to help maintain your plants health. Any suckers (shoots growing from the rootstock) should be pulled off (not cut) as soon as possible." from Trevor White Old Fashioned Roses.