Ivydene Gardens Stage 4d - Perennial, Shrub and Tree Shape and Form Index Gallery:
Trees and Shrubs in Garden Design - Shrubs suitable for Ground Cover

Ivydene Gardens Stage 4d - Perennial, Shrub and Tree Shape and Form Index Gallery:
Trees and Shrubs in Garden Design - Shrubs suitable for Ground Cover

Botanical Plant Name

with link to
UK or
European Union
mail-order supplier for you to contact to buy this plant

Flower Colour

Sun Aspect of Full Sun,
Part Shade, Full Shade

with link to external website for photo/data

Flowering Months

with row in each month that it flowers in that colour in
STAGE 4A
12 BLOOM COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY
/

with link to
USA or
Canada
mail-order supplier

Height with Spacings or Width (W) in inches (cms)

1 inch =
2.5 cms
12 inches = 30 cms
40 inches = 100 cms

Foliage Colour


with row in relevant pages that it has foliage of that colour in
STAGE 4B
12 FOLIAGE COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY

or
Background Colour nearest to middle-aged leaf colour from 212 foliage colours /

followed by
Soil Moisture:-
Dry,
Moist,
Wet

with link to Australia or New Zealand mail-order supplier

 

with data for rows in
STAGE 4C CULTIVATION, POSITION, USE GALLERY and
STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Pages

Plant Type is:-

A for Aquatic
Ann for Annual / Biennial
Ba for Bamboo
Bu for Bulb
Cl for Climber
Co for Conifer
F for Fern
G for Grass
H for Herb
P for Perennial
Rh for Rhodo-dendron, Azalea, Camellia
Ro for Rose
Sh for Shrub
So for Soft Fruit
To for Top Fruit
Tr for Tree
V for Vegetable
W for Wildflower

followed by:-
E for Evergreen,
D for Deciduous,
H for Herbaceous,
Alpine for being an Alpine as well as being 1 of above Plant Type /

 
Acid for Acidic,
Alk for Alkaline,
Any for AnySoil
 

with links to
STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES
1
, 2, 3
and
STAGE 3
ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERIES
1
, 2
pages
 

 

This list of Trees and Shrubs in Garden Design - suitable for Clay Soil (neutral to slightly acid) is from The Hillier Manual of Trees & Shrubs, Consultant Editors John Hillier & Allen Coombes, First published in 1972; this edition published by David & Charles 2002.

Garden centres were now springing up across the country. Hillier’s first, in Winchester, was trading from the mid-1960’s and was further developed in 1971. The Company had never lost touch with the small gardener through its mail order service but, as garden centres became big business throughout the UK, so its mail order to the individual retail customer was replaced by a network of Hillier Garden Centre stockists in 1992. However, the Hillier catalogue remains in folk memory and its spirit lives on in the above Harold Hillier’s Manual of Trees and Shrubs. Hillier grow and sell trees for categories of Car Parks, Conifers, Drought Tolerant, Garden Trees, Housing Estates, Multi-stem, Narrow Streets, Specimen Trees, Streetwise, Transitional and Wide Roads/Avenues. Hillier grows and sells other Hardy Nursery Stock with categories of Feature Plants, Ferns, Grasses, New, Perennials and Shrubs.

 

Shrubs

 

 

 

 

Arcto-staphylos nevadensis

Arcto-staphylos uva-ursi
in Plants

Artemisia 'Powis Castle'
in Plants

Aucuba japonica 'Nana Rotundifolia'

Berberis tsangpoensis

Berberis wilsoniae
in Plants

Buxus microphylla
in Plants

Buxus sempervirens 'Prostrata'

Calluna vulgaris and cultivars
in Plants

Ceanothus 'Blue Cushion'

Ceanothus griseus 'Yankee Point'

Ceanothus 'Pin Cushion'

Ceanothus prostratus

Ceanothus thyrsiflorus var. repens
in Plants

Cornus canadensis
in Plants

Cornus sericea 'Kelseyi'

 

 

Cotoneaster, several, including

Cotoneaster 'Coral Beauty'
in Plants

Cotoneaster dammeri

Cotoneaster horizontalis
in Plants

Cotoneaster integrifolius
in Plants

Cotoneaster nanshan

Cotoneaster radicans

Cotoneaster salicifolius 'Gnom'

Cotoneaster x suecicus 'Skogholm'

Cotoneaster 'Valkenburg'

 

 

Cytisus x beanii

Cytisus scoparius subsp. maritimus

Daboecia cantabrica and cultivars
in Plants

Erica (most)
in Plants

Euonymus fortunei and cultivars
in Plants

Gaultheria (most)
in Plants

X Halimiocistus 'Ingwersenii'

X Halimiocistus sahucii

 

 

 

 

Hebe many, especially

Hebe albicans

Hebe pinguifolia 'Pagei'

Hebe rakaiensis

Hebe 'Youngii'
in Plants

 

Hedera (most)
in Plants

Helian-themum (all)
in Plants

Hypericum calycinum
in Plants

Hypericum x moserianum

Jasminum nudiflorum
in Plants

Jasminum parkeri

Leptospermum rupestre

Leucothoe fontan-esiana and cultivars
in Plants

Leucothoe keiskii

Lithodora diffusa and cultivars
in Plants

Lonicera pileata
in Plants

Mahonia aquifolium 'Apollo'

Mahonia nervosa
in Plants

Mahonia repens
in Plants

Mitchella repens

Muehlen-beckia (all)

Pachysandra terminalis
in Plants

Pimelea prostrata
in Plants

Potentilla fruticosa 'Abbotswood'
in Plants

Potentilla fruticosa 'Longacre'
in Plants

Potentilla fruticosa 'Medicine Wheel Mountain'

Prunus laurocerasus 'Green Carpet'

Prunus laurocerasus 'Low 'n' Green'

Prunus laurocerasus 'Mount Vernon'

Rhodo-dendron (many, especially members of the Subsections Lapponica and Saluenensia)
in Plants

Rhodo-dendron Evergreen Azaleas (most)

Ribes laurifolium

Rosa
'Max Graf'
rosamaxgrafcflorogerltd

Rosa nitida

Rosa 'Paulii'

Rosa 'Raubritter'

Rosa wichurana

Rosmarinus officinalis var. prostratus
in Plants

Rubus 'Betty Ashburner'
in Plants

Rubus pentalobus
in Plants

Rubus tricolor
in Plants

Salix, several, including

Salix x cottetii

Salix repens and cultivars
in Plants

Salix uva-ursi

Salix yezoalpina

 

Santolina (all)
in Plants

Sarcocca hookeriana var. humilis
in Plants

Stephanandra incisa 'Crispa'
in Plants

Symphori-carpos x chenaultii 'Hancock'
in Plants

Ulex gallii 'Mizen'

 

Vaccinium, many, specially

Vaccinium delavayi
in Plants

Vaccinium glaucoalbum

Vaccinium myrtillus
in Plants

Vaccinium vitis-idaea

 

Viburnum davidii
in Plants

Vinca (all)
in Plants

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Conifers

 

 

 

 

Cephalotaxus fortunei 'Prostrate Spreader'

 

 

 

 

 

Juniperus communis, several forms, including

Juniperus communis var. depressa

Juniperus communis 'Hornibrookii'

Juniperus communis 'Repanda'
in Plants

 

 

Juniperus virginiana
'Grey Owl'
in Plants

Juniperus horizontalis and cultivars
in Plants

Juniperus x pfitzeriana (several cultivars)
in Plants

Juniperus rigida subsp. conferta
in Plants

Juniperus sabina 'Tam no Blight'

Juniperus sabina 'Tamarisci-folia'

Juniperus squamata
'Blue Carpet'
in Plants

Picea abies 'Reflexa'

Pinus strobus 'Prostrata'

Podocarpus lawrencei

Podocarpus nivalis

Taxus baccata 'Repandens'
in Plants

Taxus baccata 'Repens Aurea'
in Plants

Tsuga canadensis 'Bennett'

Tsuga canadensis 'Branklyn'

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bamboos

 

 

 

 

Indocalumnus tessellatus

Pleioblastus humilis var. pumilus

Sasa veitchii
in Plants

Shibataea kumasasa
in Plants

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Topic
Table on this page has moved from
this Table Column 1 position
to Table Column 4 position.
 

 

STAGE 4C CULTIVATION, POSITION, USE GALLERY

 

Cultivation Requirements of Plant

Outdoor / Garden Cultivation

1

Indoor / House Cultivation

1

Cool Greenhouse (and Alpine House) Cultivation with artificial heating in the Winter

1

Conservatory Cultivation with heating throughout the year

1

Stovehouse Cultivation with heating throughout the year for Tropical Plants

1

 

Sun Aspect

Full Sun

1

Part Shade

1

Full Shade

1

 

Soil Type

Any Soil

1

Chalky Soil

1

Clay Soil

1

Lime-Free Soil

1

Peaty Soil

1

Sandy Soil

1

Acid Soil

1

Alkaline Soil

1

Badly-drained Soil

1

 

Soil Moisture

Dry

1

Moist

1

Wet

1

 

Position for Plant

Back of Shady Border

1

Back of Shrub Border

1

Bedding

1

Bog Garden

1

Coastal Conditions / Seaside

1

Container in Garden

1

Front of Border

1

Ground Cover 0-24 inches (0-60 cms)

1

Ground Cover 24-72 inches (60-180 cms)

1

Ground Cover Over 72 inches (180 cms)

1

Hanging Basket

1

Hedge

1

Hedge - Thorny

1

Pollution Barrier

1

Pond

1

Pot in House, Greenhouse, Conservatory or Stovehouse

1

Raised Bed

1

Rest of Border

1

Rock Garden

1

Scree Bed

1

Speciman on Lawn

1

Sunny Border

1

Tree for Lawn

1

Tree/Shrub for Small Garden

1, 2,
3, 4,
5, 6,
7, 8,
9, 10,
11,12,
13,14,
15,16,
uses of tree/ shrub

Wildflower

1

Windbreak

1

Woodland

1

 

Use of Plant

Pollen or nectar for Bees

1

Hosts to Butterflies

1

Encouraging birds / wildlife, providing food and shelter

1

Bee-Pollinated plants for Hay Fever Sufferers

1

Berries / Fruit

1

Dry Site in Full Sun

1

Dry Shade

1

Filtering noise

1

Flower Arrange-ments

Growing Plants for the Church

1



1, 2,
3, 4,
5, 6,
7, 8,
9,10,
11,12,
13,14

Fragrant Flower

1

Language of Flowers

1

Low maintenance

1

Moist Shade

1

Moist and swampy Sites

1

Nitrogen fixing plants

1

Not Fragrant Flower

1

Rabbit-Resistant

1

Speciman Plant

1

Thornless

1

Tolerant of Poor Soil

1

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Plant Foliage

Aromatic Foliage

1

Autumn Foliage

1

Finely Cut Leaves

1

Large Leaves

1

Yellow Variegated Foliage

1

White Variegated Foliage

1

Red / Purple Variegated Foliage

1

Silver, Grey and Glaucous Foliage

1

Sword-shaped Leaves

1

 

 

Flower Shape

Number of Flower Petals

Petal-less
lessershapemeadowrue2a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

1 Petal

1

2 Petals

1

3 Petals
irisflotpseudacorus1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

4 Petals
aethionemacfloarmenumfoord1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

5 Petals
anemonecflo1hybridafoord1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Above 5
anemonecflo1blandafoord1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

 

Flower Shape - Simple

Stars
anthericumcfloliliagofoord1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Bowls
 

1

Cups and Saucers
euphorbiacflo1wallichiigarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Globes
paeoniamlokosewitschiiflot1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Goblets and Chalices
paeoniaveitchiiwoodwardiiflot1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Trumpets
acantholinumcflop99glumaceumfoord

1

Funnels
stachysflotmacrantha1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Bells
digitalismertonensiscflorvroger1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Thimbles
fuchsiaflotcalicehoffman1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Urns
ericacarneacflosspringwoodwhitedeeproot1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Salverform

phloxflotsubulatatemiskaming1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

 

Flower Shape - Elaborated

Tubes, Lips and Straps
prunellaflotgrandiflora1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Slippers, Spurs and Lockets
aquilegiacfloformosafoord1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Hats, Hoods and Helmets
acanthusspinosuscflocoblands1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Standards, Wings and Keels
lathyrusflotvernus1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Discs and Florets
brachyscomecflorigidulakevock1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Pin-Cushions
echinaceacflo1purpurealustrehybridsgarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Tufts
centaureacfloatropurpureakavanagh1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Cushion
androsacecforyargongensiskevock1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Umbel
agapanthuscflos1campanulatusalbidusgarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Buttons
argyranthemumflotcmadeiracrestedyellow1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Pompoms
armeriacflomaritimakevock1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

 

Natural Arrangements

Bunches, Posies, Sprays
bergeniamorningredcforcoblands1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Columns, Spikes and Spires
ajugacfloreptansatropurpurea1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Whorls, Tiers and Candelabra
lamiumflotorvala2a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Plumes and Tails
astilbepurplelancecflokevock1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Chains and Tassels
 

1

Clouds, Garlands and Cascades
 

1

Spheres, Domes (Clusters), Plates and Drumsticks
androsacecfor1albanakevock1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Shrub, Tree Shape

Columnar
ccolumnarshape1a1a1a1a1a

1

Oval
covalshape1a1a1a1a1a

1

Rounded or Spherical
croundedshape1a1a1a1a1a

1

Flattened Spherical
cflattenedsphericalshape1a1a1a1a1a

1

Narrow Conical / Narrow Pyramidal
cnarrowconicalshape1a1a1a1a1a

1

Broad Conical / Broad Pyramidal
cbroadpyramidalshape1a1a1a1a1a

1

Ovoid /
Egg-Shaped

ceggshapedshape1a1a1a1a1a

1

Broad Ovoid
cbroadovoidshape1a1a1a1a1a

1

Narrow Vase-shaped / Inverted Ovoid
cnarrowvaseshapedshape1a1a1a1a1a

1

Fan-Shaped /Vase-Shaped
cfanshapedshape1a1a1a1a1a

1

Broad Fan-Shaped / Broad Vase-Shaped
cbroadfanshapedshape1a1a1a1a1a

1

Narrow Weeping
cnarrowweepingshape1a1a1a1a1a

1

Broad Weeping
cbroadweepingshape1a1a1a1a1a

1

Palm

1

 

Conifer Cone

1

 

Form

Arching

1

Climbing

1

Clump-Forming

1

Mat-Forming

1

Mound-Forming

1

Prostrate

1

Spreading

1

Stemless

1

Upright

1

 

Poisonous Plant

1

 

STAGE 1
GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY

 

Fragrant Plants adds the use of another of your 5 senses in your garden:-
Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Leaves
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5

Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Bark
1
, 2, 3

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an
Acid Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4

Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
1
, 2, 3

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Leaves
1
, 2, 3

Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves
1
, 2

Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5

Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit
1
, 2, 3

Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2

Night-scented Flowering Plants
1
, 2

Scented Aquatic Plants
1


Plants with Scented Fruits
1


Plants with Scented Roots
1
, 2

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Wood
1


Trees and Shrubs with Scented Gums
1


Scented Cacti and Succulents
1


Plants bearing Flowers or Leaves of Unpleasant Smell
1
, 2
 

 

STAGE 2
INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERY 3

Fan-trained Shape
fantrainedshape2a1a1a1

From Rhododendrons, boxwood, azaleas, clematis, novelties, bay trees, hardy plants, evergreens : novelties bulbs, cannas novelties, palms, araucarias, ferns, vines, orchids, flowering shrubs, ornamental grasses and trees book, via Wikimedia Commons

 

Ramblers Scramblers & Twiners by Michael Jefferson-Brown (ISBN 0 - 7153 - 0942 - 0) describes how to choose, plant and nurture over 500 high-performance climbing plants and wall shrubs, so that more can be made of your garden if you think not just laterally on the ground but use the vertical support structures including the house as well.

The Gardener's Illustrated Encyclopedia of Climbers & Wall Shrubs - A Guide to more than 2000 varieties including Roses, Clematis and Fruit Trees by Brian Davis. (ISBN 0-670-82929-3) provides the lists for 'Choosing the right Shrub or Climber' together with Average Height and Spread after 5 years, 10 years and 20 years.

 

STAGE 2
INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3


Gardening with Alpines by Stanley B. Whitehead. Garden Book Club.
Published in 1962. It provides most of the data about the Alpines.

Plant Solutions 1000+ suggestions for every garden situation by Nigel Colborn ISBN
13:978
0 00 719312 7, provides many of the plants for the pages in these Galleries.

Essential Annuals The 100 Best for Design and Cultivation. Text by Elizabeth Murray. Photography by Derek Fell. ISBN 0-517-66177-2, provides data about annuals.

Indoor Bulb
Growing by
Edward Pearson
. Published by Purnell & Sons, Ltd in 1953. It provides the data about Indoor Bulbs and Bulbs in
Window-boxes.

Colour All The
Year In My Garden
: A selection of choice varieties - annuals, biennials, perennials, bulbs, climbers and trees and shrubs - that will give a continuity of colour
in the garden throughout the year. Edited by C.H. Middleton. Gardening Book
from Ward, Lock & Co published in 1938, provides plant data for a calendar of plants in bloom throughout the year and for those in the smallest garden.
The Book of Bulbs by S. Arnott, F.R.H.S. Printed by
Turnbull & Spears, Edinburgh in 1901. This provides data about Hardy Bulbs, Half-Hardy Bulbs, Greenhouse and Stove Bulbs.

Collins Guide to
Bulbs by Patrick
M. Synge
. ISBN
0 00 214016-0
First Edition 1961, Second Edition 1971, Reprinted 1973. This provides data on bulbs for bedding, bulbs in the border, bulbs naturalised in grass, bulbs in the woodland garden, bulbs in the rock garden, bulbs in pans in the alpine house, bulbs in the greenhouse, bulbs in bowls and the bulb frame.

Annuals & Biennials, the best annual and biennial plants and their uses in the garden by Gertrude Jekyll published in 1916 and
republished by Forgotten Books in 2012
(Forgotten Books
is a London-based book publisher specializing in the restoration of old books, both fiction and non-fiction. Today we have
372,702 books available to read online, download as ebooks, or
purchase in print.).

Cut Flowers All The Year from The New Illustrated
Gardening Encyclopedia
by Richard Sudell, printed before May 1935 for the plant names in each month, followed by details for culture and propagation.

Mr. Middleton's Garden Book by
Daily Express Publication,
reprinted 1941
for the individual
cultivar names with evergreen/
deciduous, flower colour, flower month and height.

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Tree and Shrubs in Garden Design -

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Clay Soils (neutral to slightly acid)

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Dry Acid Soils

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Shallow Soil over Chalk

Trees and Shrubs tolerant of both extreme Acidity and Alkalinity

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Damp Sites

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Industrial Areas

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Cold Exposed Areas

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Seaside Areas

Shrubs suitable for Heavy Shade

Shrubs and Climbers suitable for NORTH- and EAST-facing Walls

Shrubs suitable for Ground Cover

Trees of Pendulous Habit

Trees and Shrubs of Upright or Fastigiate Habit

Trees and Shrubs with Ornamental Bark or Twigs

Trees and Shrubs with Bold Foliage

Trees and Shrubs for Autumn Colour

Trees and Shrubs with Red or Purple Foliage

Trees and Shrubs with Golden or Yellow Foliage

Trees and Shrubs with Grey or Silver Foliage

Trees and Shrubs with Variegated Foliage

Trees and Shrubs bearing Ornamental Fruit

Trees and Shrubs with Fragrant or Scented Flowers

Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Foliage

Flowering Trees and Shrubs for Every Month:-
Jan
, Feb, Mar, Apr, May, Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct, Nov, Dec

The following table shows the linkages for the information about the plants
described in Sanders' Encyclopedia of Gardening in The Gardeners' Golden Treasury, revised by A. G. L Hellyer F.L.S, Editor of 'Amateur Gardening', (thirty-first impression of original published in 1895) was published in 1960 by W. H. & L. Collingridge Limited,
between:-

  • Stage 1 - Garden Style Index Gallery (in this Table) and Stage 1 Fragrant Plants (in Table on left), then
  • Stage 2 - 3 Infill Plants Index Galleries (in Table on right), then
  • Stage 3a - All Plants Index Gallery with each plant species in its own Plant Type Page followed by choice from Stage 4a, 4b, 4c and/or 4d REMEMBERING THE CONSTRAINTS ON THE SELECTION FROM THE CHOICES MADE IN STAGES 1 AND 2 (in this Table)
  • Stage 3b - All2 Plants Index Gallery for Alpines without a Garden for your health and productivity (in this Table)
  • Stage 4a - 12 Bloom Colours per Month Index Gallery (in Table on right)
  • Stage 4b - 12 Foliage Colours per Month Index Gallery (in Table on right) with
    column for Deciduous / Herbaceous plants with the same foliage colour during their growing season and
    column for Evergreen plants with the same foliage colour during the entire year
  • Stage 4c - Cultivation, Position, Use Index Gallery (in Table on left)
  • Stage 4d - Shape, Form Index Gallery (in Table on left)

STAGE 1 GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY
It would be useful if when you decide to change your garden that you use a uniform garden style throughout your garden and the GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY aims to provide pointers.
The new pages (April 2016) in the gallery will have a suitable list of plants on each page (as that plant gets further detailed in the ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY), then each row containing that plant name in the GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY will also be updated. I aim to input details of plants starting with A in alphabetical order to Z.

Private Garden Design:-
What is your Budget and What are the purposes for your garden?
Designing for a purpose: Areas which require answers before answering your Designing for a Purpose Questionaire.
Then, do the Site Survey with Photographs, before putting the Current Garden Design on paper or in your computer.
Using the Broad Design elements of Scale, which Garden Style to use:-
Low Maintenance Garden Style, Cottage Garden Style, Wildlife Garden Style or Japanese Garden Style and the
Hard and Soft Landscaping elements, create the Broad Proposed Design. Then, the Detailed Design of each Hard Landscaping item followed by the Soft Landscaping elements: The Soil, changing the Microclimate; and the
Plant Selection is influenced by the Colour Wheel, with Plant Quantities determined by time to establish versus width between plants and Companion Planting will provide helpful neighbouring plants
or
Click on text in cells below to jump to that page describing that data.

 


Container

Gardening at my work-place

 

<----

 

Yes
|
v


Do you want to garden and grow plants?

 

No

Cannot be bothered.
If you wish to improve your productivity and health, then, plant an Alpine Pan in your work area or at home using the information within Alpines without a Garden by Lawrence D. Hills, using these pages:-


Potted
House-plant


<----
|
|
v


No
Garden

At Home with Gard-ening Area


Yes


---->

Balcony Garden or Roof Garden


Yes
---->

Grow flowers for flower arranging and vegetables on Balcony Garden or Roof Garden

Pan Plant Back-grou-nd Colour

STAGE 3b
ALL2 PLANTS INDEX GALLERY

|
v


Conservatory Gardening

|
<--
|

 

|
No
-->

Outside Garden
|
v

Pan, Trough and Window-Box Odds and Sods
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13, 14,
15

The beginner's dozen for the small pan

Plants for the pan gar-den


Stovehouse for Tropical Plants

|
<--

An extra dozen for the larger pan

Kinds of Pan Plants that may be split up and tucked in Corners and Crevices

|
|
v

Miniature trees and shrubs for pan

The leafy soil pan

The gritty soil pan

The Limy Soil Plan

Blue Flower Colour Pan Plants

Lilac, Violet and Purple Flower Colour Pan Plants

Reds, Carm-ines Flower Colour Pan Plants

Pinks Flower Colour Pan Plants

White Flower Colour Pan Plants and Bicol-ored

Yellow Flower Colour Pan Plants

Blue Flower Colour Trough Plants

Violet, Lilac and Purple Flower Colour Trough Plants

|
|
v

Reds and Carm-ines Flower Colour Trough Plants

Pinks - all shades Flower Colour Trough Plants

Yellow Flower Colour Trough Plants

White and Cream Flower Colour Trough Plants

Bi-colour-ed Flower Colour Trough Plants

Feb Flower Season Pan

Mar Flower Season Pan

Apr Flower Season Pan

May Flower Season Pan

Jun Flower Season Pan

Jul Flower Season Pan

Aug Flower Season Pan

Sep Flower Season Pan

|
|
v

Oct Flower Season Pan

Nov Flower Season Pan

Pans for Semi-shade

Pans for In-doors

Mini-ature Pot

Feb Flower Season Trough

Mar Flower Season Trough

Apr Flower Season Trough

May Flower Season Trough

Jun Flower Season Trough

Jul Flower Season Trough

Aug Flower Season Trough

Sep Flower Season Trough

|
|
v

Oct Flower Season Trough

Nov Flower Season Trough

Dec Flower Season Trough

Bulb Pan

Bulb Cover-ing Carp-eters

Trough and Window-box plants 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Trough and Window-Box Background Colour

Pan Plant
Alpines without a Garden

ABC 1
Pan Plants

DEF 1
Pan Plants

GHI
Pan Plants

JKL 1
Pan Plants

|
|
v

MNO 1
Pan Plants

PQR 1
Pan Plants

STU 1
Pan Plants

V 1
Pan Plants

WXYZ 1
Pan Plants

You need to know the following:-
1. How much time per week are you prepared to look after your garden or prepared to pay someone else to do it for you?
2. How much are you are prepared to spend on creating your garden and then on its maintenance for its feeding and replacement of its plants and hard landscaping?
3. In order for you to go into your garden, there must be mystery in it, so that from any position in the house you cannot see all the garden, otherwise you will not be tempted to go out into it.
4. You must decide what garden style you are going to use THROUGHOUT the garden and make sure of using 3. the mystery in it as well.
5. What plants do you want to keep in your existing garden and incorporate into your new garden?
6. What Human Problems do you have and what Site Problems are there?

A) Bee Pollinated Plants for Hay Fever Sufferers List leads onto the
B) Bee Pollinated Bloom in Month galleries and
C) extra Plants for Hay Fever Sufferers.


<----

Human Prob-lems
v


---->

Blind,
Deaf,
in a Wheelchair, or
you cannot bend easily

 

 

 

Garden Style, which takes into account the Human Problems above

 

 

Classic Mixed Style


<----

Cottage Garden Style


<----

.
v


---->

Naturalistic Style

Formal English Garden

 

Mediterranean Style


<----

Meadow and Corn-field


<----

.
.
v


---->

Paving and Gravel inland,
Coastal Conditions near the sea, Seashore with shingle/sand

 

 

 

 

Problem Sites within your chosen Garden Style from the above

 

 

Exposure to Wind


<----

Excess Shade


<----

Exce-ssively Dry Shade


<----


<----

.
.
.
.
.
v


---->

Exce-ssively Hot, Sunny and Dry Site is suitable for Drought Resistant Plants

Excessively Wet Soil - especially when caused by poor drainage

Control of Pests (Aphids, Rabbits, Deer, Mice, Mole, Snails) / Disease by Companion Planting in Garden

Whether your Heavy Clay or Light Sandy / Chalk Soil is excessively Alkaline (limy) / Acidic or not, then there is an Action Plan for you to do with your soil, which will improve its texture to make its structure into a productive soil instead of it returning to being just sand, chalk, silt or clay.


<----

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
v


---->

Problems caused by builders:- 1. Lack of soil on top of builders rubble in garden of just built house.
2. Clay soil of Garden slopes towards house with no drainage of this rainwater by the house wall.

In planning your beds for your garden, before the vertical hard-landscaping framework and the vertical speciman planting is inserted into your soft landscaping plan, the following is useful to consider:-
1. The ground plan usually depends upon 1 or more unalterable existing features. The position of the doors of the house will dictate the positions of paths, the shortest route to the kitchen may indicate the best place for a paved area for eating and drinking out of doors, or the kept trees/shrubs may indicate what garden style is used.
2. Rules of Proportion -
A. A border should be roughly 1/2 as wide as the hedge or wall behind it.
B. The proportion of planted areas to paved or turfed areas should be 1/3 to 2/3, or a 1/4 to 3/4, not 1/2 and 1/2.
C. Within a bed or border, unless a 2-dimensional pattern on the ground is the objective, the height and bulk of the plants should be varied to avoid monotony; it is particularly important to provide strong planting, in terms of either height or bulk or both, at either end of a long bed.
D. The ground surface provides a background to the plants that is as important as the hedges, walls or fences that surround it. Grass is perhaps the most satisfying carpet to use, the cool green forming a restful antidote to the dancing colours of the flowers. Use different coloured pea-shingle inside Cedar Gravel for people in wheelchairs, or infirm in their legs or who suffer from Hay Fever.

Reasons for stopping infilling of Sense of Fragrance section on 28/07/2016 at end of Sense of Fragrance from Stephen Lacey Page. From September 2017 will be creating the following new pages on Sense of Fragrance using Scented Flora of the World by Roy Genders.
ISBN 0 7090 5440 8:-

 

 

 

|
v

 

 

 

 

 

After you have selected your vertical hard-landscaping framework and the vertical speciman plants for each bed or border, you will need to infill with plants taking the following into account:-

 

 

 

Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Leaves 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Bark 1, 2, 3
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an
Acid Soil 1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil 1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Sandy Soil 1
, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers 1, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Leaves 1, 2, 3
Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves 1, 2
Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit 1, 2, 3
Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers 1, 2
Night-scented Flowering Plants 1, 2
Scented Aquatic Plants.
Plants with Scented Fruits.
Plants with Scented Roots 1, 2
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Wood.
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Gums.
Scented Cacti and Succulents.
Plants bearing Flowers or Leaves of Unpleasant Smell 1, 2

Flower Perfume Group:-
Miscellaneous Group with scents - Balm, Brandy, Cedar, Cloying, Cowslip, Cucumber, Damask Rose, Daphne, Exotic, Freesia, Fur-like, Gardenia, Hay-like, Heliotrope, Honeysuckle, Hops, Hyacinth, Incense-like, Jasmine, Laburnham, Lilac, Lily of the Valley, Meadowsweet, Mignonette, Mint, Mossy, Muscat, Muscatel, Myrtle-like, Newly Mown Hay, Nutmeg, Piercing, Primrose, Pungent, Resinous, Sandalwood, Sassafras, Seductive, Slight, Soft, Stephanotis, Sulphur, Starch, Sweet, Sweet-briar, Tea-rose, Treacle and Very Sweet.

Flower Perfume Group:-
Indoloid Group.
Aminoid Group with scent - Hawthorn.
Heavy Group with scents -
Jonquil and
Lily.
Aromatic Group with scents - Almond,
Aniseed, Balsamic,
Carnation, Cinnamon, Clove,
Spicy and
Vanilla.
Violet Group.
Rose Group.
Lemon Group with scent -
Verbena.
Fruit-scented Group with scents -
Apricot,
Fruity,
Green Apple,
Orange, Pineapple,
Ripe Apple , Ripe Banana and
Ripe Plum.
 

Flower Perfume Group:-
Animal-scented Group with scents -
Cat,
Dog,
Ferret,
Fox,
Goat,
Human Perspiration,
Musk,
Ripe Apple and
Tom Cat.
Honey Group.
Unpleasant Smell Group with scents -
Animal,
Fetid,
Fishy,
Foxy,
Fur-like,
Garlic,
Hemlock,
Manure,
Nauseating,
Perspiration,
Petrol,
Putrid,
Rancid,
Sickly,
Skunk,
Stale Lint
Sulphur and
Urinous,

Leaf Perfume Group:-
Turpentine Group.
Camphor and Eucalyptus Group.
Mint Group.
Sulphur Group.
Indoloid Group.
Aminoid Group.
Heavy Group.
Aromatic Group.
Violet Group.
Rose Group.
Lemon Group.
Fruit-scented Group.
Animal-scented Group.
Honey Group.

Scent of Wood, Bark and Roots Group:-
Aromatic Group.
Turpentine Group.
Rose Group.
Violet Group.
Stale Perspiration Group.

 

Scent of Fungi Group:-
Indoloid Group.
Aminoid Group.
Sulphur Group.
Aromatic Group.
Rose Group.
Violet Group.
Fruit Group.
Animal Group.
Honey Group

Sense of Sight

Emotion of
Hot /Cool; Calm / Agitated

Emotion of
Low-key / High Key


<----

.
.
.
v

Emotion of
Inviting
/ Forbidding

Emotion of Intellectual versus Emotional

Sense of Touch

Sense of Taste

Sense of Sound

 

 

STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3 for
lists of plants of 1 plant type for 1 cultivation requirement is in Table on right

 

 

 

STAGE 3a ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY
Click on Blue or underlined text to jump to page comparing flower thumbnails of that blue colour in the
Other Plant Photo Galleries. RedPP is Red, Pink, Purple and Other is Unusual or Other Flower Colour.

Plant Type
with links to Other Plant Photo Galleries

ABC

DEF

GHI

JKL

MNO

PQR

STU

VWX

YZ

Alpine in Evergreen Perennial,
Herbaceous Perennial and Rock Garden

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Aquatic

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Annual/ Biennial

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Bamboo

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Bedding, 25
RHS Mixed Border Beds 75 and
Flower Shape, Flower Colour and Bedding Plant Use

1

Blue

1

Green

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

RedPP

1

Purple

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Bicolour

Other Flower Colours

White / Colour Bicolour

Bulb, 746 with Use, Flower Colour/Shape of
Allium / Anemone, Colchicum / Crocus, Dahlia, Gladiolus, Narcissus and Tulip

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Climber 71 Clematis, 58 other Climbers with Use, Flower Colour and Shape

1

Blue

1

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Conifer

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Deciduous Shrub 43 with Use and Flower Colour

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Deciduous Tree

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Evergreen Perennial 104 with Use, Flower Colour, Flower Shape and Number of Petals

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Evergreen Shrub 46, Semi-Evergreen Shrub and Heather 74 with Use and Flower Colour

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Evergreen Tree

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Fern with 706 ferns
within 21 types and 41 uses

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Grass

1

1

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

Herbaceous Perennial 91,
RHS Mixed Border Beds 176 and
Peonies 46 with Flower Colour/Shape

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Herb

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Odds and Sods

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Rhododendron, Azalea, Camellia

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Rose with 720 roses within Flower Colour, Flower Shape, Rose Petal Count and Rose Use

1

1

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

RedPP

1

 

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Soft Fruit

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Sub-Shrub

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Top Fruit

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Vegetable

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Wildflower 1918 with
Plants used by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterflies in the UK
I am inserting the plants described in Sanders' Encyclopedia of Gardening into STAGE 3a ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY

1

Blue

1

Green

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

Red

1

Purple

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Multi-colour

Cream

Mauve

Brown

Shrub and Small Tree

Botanical Names Page

Common Names Page

Finally, you might be advised to check that the adjacent plants to the one you have chosen for that position in a flower bed are suitable; by checking the entry in Companion Planting - like clicking A page for checking Abies - and Pest Control page if you have a pest to control in this part of the flower bed.
Companion Planting
- A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, X, Y, Z
Pest Control using Plants

 

STAGE 1 GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY
The planning a Rose Garden chapter from Rose Gardens by Jane Fearnley-Whitingstall ISBN 0 7011 3344 9 and
Plant Solutions by Nigel Colborn provides information for this gallery.

STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3 Reference books for these galleries in Table on left

STAGE 3a ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY
In addition to these 10 galleries, there are links to the Other Plant Photo Galleries in the table above like Bulb , which have plant descriptions accessed by clicking a flower thumbnail in its flower comparison page. Click the respective flower colour - like Green - to change page to that flower colour comparison page. Then, you can also choose these other plants.
It will also state the Plant Combinations for each plant from The Ulimate Visual Guide to Successful Plant Harmony - The Encyclopedia of Planting Combinations by Tony Lord ISBN 1-55209-623-8

STAGE 4C CULTIVATION, POSITION, USE GALLERY
Some extra details about the Cultivation Requirements of Plant:- Outdoor /Garden Cultivation, Indoor / House Cultivation, Cool Green-house Cultivation with artificial heating in the Winter, Conservatory Cultivation with heating throughout the year, and Stovehouse Cultivation with heating throughout the year for Tropical Plants

Since 2006, I have requested photos etc from the Mail-Order Nurseries in the UK and later from the rest of the World. Few nurseries have responded.
I worked for a lady, who with her husband took 35 mm slides of plants in the 1960's and 1970's. She allowed me to digitise some of her Kodachrome slides, which I have used in my website. I discovered that at least the green colour of the foliage became very much darker over that period of years to 2008, by comparing wildflower photos from her slides with digital photos supplied by a current Wildflower mail-order nursery, so I stopped creating my Foliage Galleries.
I bought myself a camera some years ago and started taking photos, some of which have been put into the website. I started taking photos of the Heathers at the Royal Horticultural Society at Wisley garden. I have displayed the Heathers foliage in closeup since their leaves are 2mm long and in macro-scale in the Heather Galleries - sometimes the foliage colour at the terminal end of the foliage stem is only a few leaves, whereas others have the same foliage colour throughout the stem. I discovered that some of the heathers did not have the correct plant label, since the flower colour did not correspond with the flower colour in the literature. I was informed that since kids have free rein, that perhaps they move the plant labels. Since, I cannot rely that the heather plant label next to the heather plant is valid, I have stopped taking photos of those heathers.
This leaves a small problem, especially since very few gardens open to the public have their plants labelled so that the public can use the data on their label to buy that named plant from a nursery or garden centre. Currently (June 2018) I insert photos from Wikimedia Commons as well as my own.
I have found the above book - which does not contain any colour plant photos. Since it had the following experts help in creating it, I have decided to use its information in these 10 galleries to help the public:-

  • T.W. Sanders Editor of Amateur Gardening in 1895.
  • A.J Macself Editor of Amateur Gardening in 1926 - both Sanders and Macself had worked entirely to the handlists published by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • A.G.L. Hellyer in this work of revision and also in checking the all-important cultural notes sought the help of experts in the various classes of plant:-
    • Mr S.A. Pearce, Assistant Curator at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew undertook the revision of those genera of plants which in this country are mainly grown under glass.
    • Mr Will Ingwersen dealt with the Rock plants,
    • Mr N. Catchpole made himself responsible for trees and shrubs;
    • Mr G.A Phillips for herbaceous plants,
    • Mrs Francis Perry for water plants,
    • Mr A.J. Macself for ferns,
    • Mr E. Cooper for orchids,
    • Mr J.S Dakers for annuals,
    • Miss Doreen Crowther for fruit and vegetables

with the aid of further information from other books, magazines and cross-checking on the internet.
In this edition of the book Sander's Encyclopaedia, the individual soil mixtures to grow plants have been retained, for it was considered that many gardeners might still wish to use them in certain circumstances. The John Innes mixtures may be substituted wherever desired. Details of these individual mixtures will be put into these galleries.

STAGE 4D
PERENNIAL, SHRUB, TREE SHAPE AND FORM INDEX GALLERY
PAGES

Site Map

STAGE 1 GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY PAGES Links to pages in Table alongside on the left with Garden Design Topic Pages

Website Structure Explanation and User Guidelines

Plant Type
 

STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3 with its Cultivation Requirements

Alpines for Rock Garden (See Rock Garden Plant Flowers)

Alpine Shrubs and Conifers

The Alpine Meadow
Page 1
Page 2
Page 3

The Alpine Border
1
, 2

Alpine Plants for a Purpose

The Alpines that Dislike Lime 1, 2

Alpines and Walls
Dry Sunny Walls 1a, b
Tops of Walls 2a, b
Dry Shady and Conifers 3a, b

Alpines and
Paving
1
, 2

Sink and Trough gardens
1
, 2

Aquatic
(Water Plants) for

Anti-erosion River-bank

Marginal Plants (Bog Garden Plants)
1
, 2

Oxy-genating Weeds

Water Lilies

Floating Plants

Water-side Plants
and Plants for Dry Margins next to a Pond
1
, 2

Wildlife Pond Plants

Annual for

----------------



 

 

ANY PLANT TYPE for
Cut Flowers in
January 1, 2
February
March 1, 2
April
May 1, 2
June 1, 2
July 1, 2
August
September
October
November
December

Exposed Sites

Sheltered Sites with Green-house Annuals from 1916

Extra Poor Soil with Half-Hardy Annuals from 1916

Very Rich Soil with Biennials from 1916

Gap-filling in Mixed Borders with Hardy Annuals from 1916

Patio Con-tainers

Cut Flowers
1
, 2, 3 Ever-lasting Flowers with Red Flowers from 1916

Attract-ing bene-ficial insects
1
, 2

Scent / Fra-grance with Annuals for Cool or Shady Places from 1916

Low-allergen Gardens for Hay Fever Sufferers

Annual Plant Pairing Ideas and Colour Schemes with Annuals
1
, 2

Low-Growing Annuals
1
, 2

Medium-Growing Annuals

Tall-Growing Annuals with White Flowers from 1916

Black or Brown Flowers

Blue to Purple Flowers

Green Flowers with Annuals and Biennials from 1916

Red to Pink Flowers and Cut Flowers
Page
1
, 2, 3

White Flowers
1
, 2

Yellow or Orange Flowers
1
, 2

Dec-orative Foliage

Moist Soil

Shade
1
, 2

House-plants with Yellow Flowers from 1916

Edging Beds

Hanging Baskets

Vining Annuals

 

Bedding for

Spring Bedding

Summer Bedding

Autumn/ Winter Bedding

Bedding for Light Sandy Soil

Bedding for Acid Soil

Bedding for Chalky Soil

Bedding for Clay Soil

Black Flowers

Blue Flowers

Orange Flowers

Pink Flowers

Long Flowering

Coloured Leaves

Attract-ive to Wildlife including Bees, Butterflies and Moths

Purple Flowers

Red Flowers

White Flowers

Yellow Flowers

Multi-Coloured Flowers

Aromatic Foliage or Scented Flowers

Bedding Plant Use

Flowers with 2 Petals

Flowers with 3 Petals

Flowers with
4 Petals

Flowers with 5 Petals

Flowers with 6 Petals

Flowers with more than 6 Petals

Use in Hanging Baskets

Flower Simple Shape

Shape of
Stars

Shape of
Bowls, Cups and Saucers

Shape of
Globes, Goblets and Chalices

Shape of
Trumpets and Funnels

Shape of
Bells, Thimbles and Urns

Use in Pots and Troughs

Flower Elabo-rated Shape

Shape of
Tubes, Lips and Lobes

Shape of
Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

Shape of
Hats, Hoods and Helmets

 

Use in
Screen-ing

Use in
Window Boxes

Shape of
Stand-ards, Wings and Keels

Shape of
Discs and Florets

Shape of
Pin-Cushions and Tufts

Shape of
Rosettes, Buttons and Pompons

 

Use in Bedding Out

Use in
Filling In

Biennial for

Cottage and Other Gardens
1
, 2

Cut Flower with Biennials for Rock Work from 1916

Patio Con-tainers with Biennials for Pots in Green-house / Con-servatory

Bene-ficial to Wildlife with Purple and Blue Flowers from 1916

Scent with Biennials for Sunny Banks or Borders from 1916

 

 

Bulb for
--------------
Explan-ation Intro to Bulbs
--------------
725 Blue, White, Yellow, Unusual Colour, or Red-Purple-Pink flowering Bulbs in each month they flower.

Indoor Bulbs for
Dec-ember
January
February

Indoor Bulbs for
March
April
May

Indoor
Bulbs for
June
July
August

Indoor Bulbs for Sep-tember
October
November

Bulbs in Window-boxes
1
, 2

Bulbs in the Border

Bulbs natural-ised in Grass

Any Plant Type (some grown in Cool Green-house) Bloom-ing in
Dec-Jan
Feb-Mar

Any Plant Type (some grown in Cool Green-house) Bloom-ing in
Apr-May
Jun-Aug 1, 2, 3, 4

Any Plant Type (some grown in Cool Green-house) Bloom-ing in
Sep-Oct
Nov-Dec

Any Plant Type Blooming in Smallest of Gardens

Bulbs for the Bulb Frame

Bulbs in the Wood-land Garden

Bulbs in the Rock Garden

Bulbs in Green-house or Stove

Achi-menes, Alocasias, Amorpho-phalluses, Aris-aemas, Arums, Begonias, Bomar-eas, Calad-iums

Clivias,
Colo-casias, Crinums, Cyclam-ens, Cyrt-anthuses, Euchar-ises, Urceo-charis, Eurycles

Freesias, Gloxinias, Hae-manthus, Hipp-eastrums

Lachen-alias, Nerines, Lycorises, Pen-cratiums, Hymen-ocallises, Richardias, Sprekelias, Tuberoses, Vallotas, Watsonias, Zephy-ranthes

Bulbs in Bowls

Bulbs in the Alpine House

Hardy Bulbs

Aconitum, Allium, Alstroe-meria, Anemone 1, 1a

Amaryllis, Antheri-cum, Antholy-zas, Apios, Arisaema, Arum, Aspho-deline,

Aspho-delus, Belam-canda, Bloom-eria, Brodiae, Bulbo-codium

Calo-chorti, Cyclo-bothras, Camassia, Col-chicum, Con-vallaria,
Forcing Lily of the Valley, Corydalis, Crinum, Crosmia, Mon-tbretia , Crocus

Cyclamen, Dicentra, Dierama, Eranthis, Eremurus, Ery-thrnium, Eucomis

Fritillaria, Funkia, Gal-anthus, Galtonia, Gladiolus, Hemero-callis

Hya-cinth, Hya-cinths in Pots,
Scilla, Pusch-kinia, Chion-odoxa, Chiono-scilla, Muscari

Iris,
Kniphofia, Lapey-rousia, Leucojum

Lilium,

Lilium in Pots, Malvastrum, Merendera, Milla, Narcissus, Narcissi in Pots

Orni-thogalum, Oxalis, Paeonia, Ran-unculus, Romulea, Sanguin-aria,
Stern-bergia,
Schi-zostylis, Teco-philaea, Trillium

Tulip,
Zephy-ranthus

Half-Hardy Bulbs

Acidan-thera, Albuca, Alstroe-meri, Andro-stephium, Bassers, Boussing-aultias, Bravoas, Cypellas, Dahlias, Galaxis,
Geis-sorhizas, Hesper-anthas

Gladioli, Ixias,
Sparaxises, Babianas, Morphixias, Tritonias

Ixio-lirions, Moraeas, Orni-thogal-ums, Oxalises, Phaedra-nassas,
Pan-cratiums, Tigridias, Zephyr-anthes, Cooper-ias

Bulbs for Bedding

Plant each Bedding Plant with a Ground, Edging or Dot Plant for
Spring
1
, 2
or
Summer
1
, 2

Climber 3 sector Vertical Plant System with

Any Plant Type flowers in
Jan,
Feb,
Mar,
Apr,
May 1, 2
Jun,
Jul,
Aug,
Sep,
Oct,
Nov,
Dec
 

----------
Choosing the right Plant

1a.
The Base -
Base of Wall Plants

1b.
Annuals

1c.
Herbs and Vege-tables

1d.
Cut
flowers, Cut Foliage

1e.
Scented flower or foliage

1f.
Foliage use only

 

2a. 1,2,3,4
The Prime - Wall Shrubs

2b.
Fruit trees

3a.
The Higher Reaches -
House-wall Ramblers

3b. 1,2
Non-House-Wall - Climbing Twiners

3c.
Non-House-Wall - Self-clinging Climbers

Raised
Bed
for Wheel-chair Users

Plants for Wildlife-Use as well

Fastest Covering

Least prot-ruding growth when fan-trained

1, 2
Evergreen

Use as
Hedge

Exposed Positions

Use as Ground-cover

1,2
Ornam-ental Fruit

Scented Flowers

1, 2
Autumn Foliage Colour

Winter Bark

Winter and Early Spring Flowers

Summer Colour or Shape of Foliage

Edible Fruit

Needs Conserv-atory or Green-house

Large
Pots and Con-tainers
1
, 2

Cut Flowers

Attractive to Bees

Climber - Simple Flower Shape

anthericumcfloliliagofoord1a
Stars

geraniumflocineremuballerina1a1
Bowls, Cups and Saucers

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14k1a1a1a1a1a1a
Globes, Goblets and Chalices

acantholinumcflop99glumaceumfoord1
Trumpets and Funnels

phloxflotsubulatatemiskaming
Salver-form

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14q1a1a1a1a1a
Bells, Thimbles and Urns

 

Climber - Elabo-rated Flower Shape

prunellaflotgrandiflora
Tubes, Lips and Straps

aquilegiacfloformosafoord
Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14u1a1a1a1a1a1
Hats, Hoods and Helmets

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14v1a1a1a1a1a1
Stand-ards, Wings and Keels

brachyscomecflorigidulakevock
Disks and Florets

andosacecforyargongensiskevock
Pin-cushions, Tufts, Petal-less and Cushions

armeriaflomaritimakevock
Umbels, Buttons and Pompoms

 

STAGE 4A 12 BLOOM COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Blue

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Mauve

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Purple

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Brown

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Cream

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Green

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Orange

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Pink

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Red

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
White

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1 Yellow

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Un-
usual

1
Multi-Colou-red

1
Each Flower Diff-

1
erent Colour

 

STAGE 4B 12 FOLIAGE COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY
Deciduous Shrubs or Trees, Herbaceous Perennials or Bulbs- if that changes from the main colour for instance to a different autumn colour, then it will be in this column and the relevant colour for those months of Win (Winter), Spr (Spring), Sum (Summer) or Aut (Autumn) group as well.
Evergreen Shrubs or Trees, Evergreen Perennials - if that changes from the main colour for instance to a different autumn colour, then it will be in this column and the relevant colour for those months of Win (Winter), Spr (Spring), Sum (Summer) or Aut (Autumn) group as well.

Jan Win

Feb Win

Mar Spr

Apr Spr

May Spr

Jun Sum

Jul Sum

Aug Sum

Sep Aut

Oct Aut

Nov Aut

Dec Win

Decid
Herba

Ever-green

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Blue

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Mauve

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Purple

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Black

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Bronze

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Green

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Orange

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Pink

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Red

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Grey

1
White

1
Silver

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Yellow

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Un-
usual

1
Varie-gated

1

1

1

1

Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677


Site design and content copyright ©March 2016.
Top menus altered June 2018.
Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.  

Ivydene
Horticultural
Services

Scented Flora of the World by Roy Genders - was first published in 1977 and this paperback edition was published on 1 August 1994 ISBN 0 7090 5440 8:-
This comprehensive book looks at scented flowers and leaves of plants from all over the world. The work has been prepared to the standards of the Index Kewensis, and is filled with the most interesting facts about the scented flora of the world.

I am using the above book from someone who took 30 years to compile it from notes made of his detailed observations of growing plants in preference to
The RHS Companion to Scented Plants Hardcover – 16 Oct 2014 by Stephen Lacey (Author), Andrew Lawson (Photographer) ISBN 978-0-7112-3574-8 even though this is the only major reference work on scent and scented plants which is endorsed by the Royal Horticultural Society. See reasons for stopping infilling of previous Sense of Fragrance section on 28/07/2016 at end of Sense of Fragrance from Stephen Lacey Page.

The Propagation of Alpines by Lawrence D. Hills. Published in 1950 by Faber and Faber Limited describes every method of propagation for 2,500 species. Unlike modern books published since 1980, this one states exactly what to do and is precisely what you require if you want to increase your alpines.

Topic
Plants detailed in this website by
Botanical Name

A, B, C, D, E, F, G,
H, I, J, K, L, M, N,
O, P, Q, R, S, T, U,
V, W, X, Y, Z ,
Bulb
A1
, 2, 3, B, C1, 2,
D, E, F, G, Glad,
H, I, J, K, L1, 2,
M, N, O, P, Q, R,
S, T, U, V, W, XYZ ,
Evergreen Perennial
A
, B, C, D, E, F, G,
H, I, J, K, L, M, N,
O, P, Q, R, S, T, U,
V, W, X, Y, Z ,
Herbaceous Perennial
A1
, 2, B, C, D, E, F,
G, H, I, J, K, L, M,
N, O, P1, 2, Q, R,
S, T, U, V, W, XYZ,
Diascia Photo Album,
UK Peony Index

Wildflower
Botanical Names,
Common Names ,

will be
compared in:- Flower colour/month
Evergreen Perennial
,
F
lower shape Wildflower Flower Shape and
Plant use
Evergreen Perennial Flower Shape,
Bee plants for hay-fever sufferers

Bee-Pollinated Index
Butterfly
Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis, Butterfly Usage
of Plants.
Chalk
A, B, C, D, E, F, G,
H, I, J, K, L, M, N,
O, P, QR, S, T, UV,
WXYZ
Companion Planting
A, B, C, D, E, F, G,
H, I, J, K, L, M, N,
O, P, Q, R , S, T,
U ,V, W, X, Y, Z,
Pest Control using Plants
Fern Fern
1000 Ground Cover A, B, C, D, E, F, G,
H, I, J, K, L, M, N,
O, P, Q, R, S, T, U,
V, W, XYZ ,
Rock Garden and Alpine Flowers
A, B, C, D, E, F, G,
H, I, J, K, L, M,
NO, PQ, R, S, T,
UVWXYZ

Rose Rose Use

These 5 have Page links in rows below
Bulbs from the Infill Galleries (next row), Camera Photos,
Plant Colour Wheel Uses,
Sense of Fragrance, Wild Flower


Case Studies
...Drive Foundations
Ryegrass and turf kills plants within Roadstone and in Topsoil due to it starving and dehydrating them.
CEDAdrive creates stable drive surface and drains rain into your ground, rather than onto the public road.
8 problems caused by building house on clay or with house-wall attached to clay.
Pre-building work on polluted soil.

Companion Planting
to provide a Companion Plant to aid your selected plant or deter its pests

Garden
Construction

with ground drains

Garden Design
...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed
Borders

......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants
......Camera photos of Plant supports
Garden
Maintenance

Glossary with a tomato teaching cauliflowers
Home
Library of over 1000 books
Offbeat Glossary with DuLally Bird in its flower clock.

Plants
...in Chalk
(Alkaline) Soil
......A-F1, A-F2,
......A-F3, G-L, M-R,
......M-R Roses, S-Z
...in Heavy
Clay Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...in Lime-Free
(Acid) Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...in Light
Sand Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z.
...Poisonous Plants.
...Extra Plant Pages
with its 6 Plant Selection Levels

Soil
...
Interaction between 2 Quartz Sand Grains to make soil
...
How roots of plants are in control in the soil
...
Without replacing Soil Nutrients, the soil will break up to only clay, sand or silt
...
Subsidence caused by water in Clay
...
Use water ring for trees/shrubs for first 2 years.

Tool Shed with 3 kneeling pads
Useful Data with benefits of Seaweed

Topic -
Plant Photo Galleries
If the plant type below has flowers, then the first gallery will include the flower thumbnail in each month of 1 of 6 colour comparison pages of each plant in its subsidiary galleries, as a low-level Plant Selection Process

Aquatic
Bamboo
Bedding
...by Flower Shape

Bulb
...Allium/ Anemone
...Autumn
...Colchicum/ Crocus
...Dahlia
...Gladiolus with its 40 Flower Colours
......European A-E
......European F-M
......European N-Z
......European Non-classified
......American A,
B, C, D, E, F, G,
H, I, J, K, L, M,
N, O, P, Q, R, S,
T, U, V, W, XYZ
......American Non-classified
......Australia - empty
......India
......Lithuania
...Hippeastrum/ Lily
...Late Summer
...Narcissus
...Spring
...Tulip
...Winter
...Each of the above ...Bulb Galleries has its own set of Flower Colour Pages
...Flower Shape
...Bulb Form

...Bulb Use

...Bulb in Soil


Further details on bulbs from the Infill Galleries:-
Hardy Bulbs
...Aconitum
...Allium
...Alstroemeria
...Anemone

...Amaryllis
...Anthericum
...Antholyzas
...Apios
...Arisaema
...Arum
...Asphodeline

...Asphodelus
...Belamcanda
...Bloomeria
...Brodiaea
...Bulbocodium

...Calochorti
...Cyclobothrias
...Camassia
...Colchicum
...Convallaria 
...Forcing Lily of the Valley
...Corydalis
...Crinum
...Crosmia
...Montbretia
...Crocus

...Cyclamen
...Dicentra
...Dierama
...Eranthis
...Eremurus
...Erythrnium
...Eucomis

...Fritillaria
...Funkia
...Galanthus
...Galtonia
...Gladiolus
...Hemerocallis

...Hyacinth
...Hyacinths in Pots
...Scilla
...Puschkinia
...Chionodoxa
...Chionoscilla
...Muscari

...Iris
...Kniphofia
...Lapeyrousia
...Leucojum

...Lilium
...Lilium in Pots
...Malvastrum
...Merendera
...Milla
...Narcissus
...Narcissi in Pots

...Ornithogalum
...Oxalis
...Paeonia
...Ranunculus
...Romulea
...Sanguinaria
...Sternbergia
...Schizostylis
...Tecophilaea
...Trillium

...Tulip
...Zephyranthus

Half-Hardy Bulbs
...Acidanthera
...Albuca
...Alstroemeri
...Andro-stephium
...Bassers
...Boussing-aultias
...Bravoas
...Cypellas
...Dahlias
...Galaxis,
...Geissorhizas
...Hesperanthas

...Gladioli
...Ixias
...Sparaxises
...Babianas
...Morphixias
...Tritonias

...Ixiolirions
...Moraeas
...Ornithogalums
...Oxalises
...Phaedra-nassas
...Pancratiums
...Tigridias
...Zephyranthes
...Cooperias

Uses of Bulbs:-
...for Bedding
...in Windowboxes
...in Border
...naturalized in Grass
...in Bulb Frame
...in Woodland Garden
...in Rock Garden
...in Bowls
...in Alpine House
...Bulbs in Green-house or Stove:-
...Achimenes
...Alocasias
...Amorpho-phalluses
...Arisaemas
...Arums
...Begonias
...Bomareas
...Caladiums

...Clivias
...Colocasias
...Crinums
...Cyclamens
...Cyrtanthuses
...Eucharises
...Urceocharis
...Eurycles

...Freesias
...Gloxinias
...Haemanthus
...Hippeastrums

...Lachenalias
...Nerines
...Lycorises
...Pencratiums
...Hymenocallises
...Richardias
...Sprekelias
...Tuberoses
...Vallotas
...Watsonias
...Zephyranthes

...Plant Bedding in
......Spring

......Summer
...Bulb houseplants flowering during:-
......January
......February
......March
......April
......May
......June
......July
......August
......September
......October
......November
......December
...Bulbs and other types of plant flowering during:-
......Dec-Jan
......Feb-Mar
......Apr-May
......Jun-Aug
......Sep-Oct
......Nov-Dec
...Selection of the smaller and choicer plants for the Smallest of Gardens with plant flowering during the same 6 periods as in the previous selection

Climber in
3 Sector Vertical Plant System
...Clematis
...Climbers
Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
...Shrubs - Decid
Deciduous Tree
...Trees - Decid
Evergreen Perennial
...P-Evergreen A-L
...P-Evergreen M-Z
...Flower Shape
Evergreen Shrub
...Shrubs - Evergreen
...Heather Shrub
...Heather Index
......Andromeda
......Bruckenthalia
......Calluna
......Daboecia
......Erica: Carnea
......Erica: Cinerea
......Erica: Others
Evergreen Tree
...Trees - Evergreen
Fern
Grass
Hedging
Herbaceous
Perennial

...P -Herbaceous
...Peony
...Flower Shape
...RHS Wisley
......Mixed Border
......Other Borders
Herb
Odds and Sods
Rhododendron

Rose
...RHS Wisley A-F
...RHS Wisley G-R
...RHS Wisley S-Z
...Rose Use - page links in row 6. Rose, RHS Wisley and Other Roses rose indices on each Rose Use page
...Other Roses A-F
...Other Roses G-R
...Other Roses S-Z
Pruning Methods
Photo Index
R 1, 2, 3
Peter Beales Roses
RV Roger
Roses

Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
...Apple

...Cherry
...Pear
Vegetable
Wild Flower and
Butterfly page links are in next row

Topic -
UK Butterfly:-
...Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly Usage
of Plants.
...Plant Usage by
Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly.

Both native wildflowers and cultivated plants, with these
...Flower Shape,
...
Uses in USA,
...
Uses in UK and
...
Flo Cols / month are used by Butter-flies native in UK


Wild Flower
with its wildflower flower colour page, space,
data page(s).
...Blue Site Map.
Scented Flower, Foliage, Root.
Story of their Common Names.
Use of Plant with Flowers.
Use for Non-Flowering Plants.
Edible Plant Parts.
Flower Legend.
Flowering plants of
Chalk and
Limestone 1
, 2.
Flowering plants of Acid Soil
1.
...Brown Botanical Names.
Food for
Butterfly/Moth.

...Cream Common Names.
Coastal and Dunes.
Sandy Shores and Dunes.
...Green Broad-leaved Woods.
...Mauve Grassland - Acid, Neutral, Chalk.
...Multi-Cols Heaths and Moors.
...Orange Hedge-rows and Verges.
...Pink A-G Lakes, Canals and Rivers.
...Pink H-Z Marshes, Fens, Bogs.
...Purple Old Buildings and Walls.
...Red Pinewoods.
...White A-D
Saltmarshes.
Shingle Beaches, Rocks and Cliff Tops.
...White E-P Other.
...White Q-Z Number of Petals.
...Yellow A-G
Pollinator.
...Yellow H-Z
Poisonous Parts.
...Shrub/Tree River Banks and other Freshwater Margins. and together with cultivated plants in
Colour Wheel.

You know its
name:-
a-h, i-p, q-z,
Botanical Names, or Common Names,
habitat:-
on
Acid Soil,
on
Calcareous
(Chalk) Soil
,
on
Marine Soil,
on
Neutral Soil,
is a
Fern,
is a
Grass,
is a
Rush,
is a
Sedge, or
is
Poisonous.

Each plant in each WILD FLOWER FAMILY PAGE will have a link to:-
1) its created Plant Description Page in its Common Name column, then external sites:-
2) to purchase the plant or seed in its Botanical Name column,
3) to see photos in its Flowering Months column and
4) to read habitat details in its Habitat Column.
Adder's Tongue
Amaranth
Arrow-Grass
Arum
Balsam
Bamboo
Barberry
Bedstraw
Beech
Bellflower
Bindweed
Birch
Birds-Nest
Birthwort
Bogbean
Bog Myrtle
Borage
Box
Broomrape
Buckthorn
Buddleia
Bur-reed
Buttercup
Butterwort
Cornel (Dogwood)
Crowberry
Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 1
Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2
Cypress
Daffodil
Daisy
Daisy Cudweeds
Daisy Chamomiles
Daisy Thistle
Daisy Catsears Daisy Hawkweeds
Daisy Hawksbeards
Daphne
Diapensia
Dock Bistorts
Dock Sorrels
Clubmoss
Duckweed
Eel-Grass
Elm
Filmy Fern
Horsetail
Polypody
Quillwort
Royal Fern
Figwort - Mulleins
Figwort - Speedwells
Flax
Flowering-Rush
Frog-bit
Fumitory
Gentian
Geranium
Glassworts
Gooseberry
Goosefoot
Grass 1
Grass 2
Grass 3
Grass Soft
Bromes 1

Grass Soft
Bromes 2

Grass Soft
Bromes 3

Hazel
Heath
Hemp
Herb-Paris
Holly
Honeysuckle
Horned-Pondweed
Hornwort
Iris
Ivy
Jacobs Ladder
Lily
Lily Garlic
Lime
Lobelia
Loosestrife
Mallow
Maple
Mares-tail
Marsh Pennywort
Melon (Gourd/Cucumber)
Mesem-bryanthemum
Mignonette
Milkwort
Mistletoe
Moschatel
Naiad
Nettle
Nightshade
Oleaster
Olive
Orchid 1
Orchid 2
Orchid 3
Orchid 4
Parnassus-Grass
Peaflower
Peaflower
Clover 1

Peaflower
Clover 2

Peaflower
Clover 3

Peaflower Vetches/Peas
Peony
Periwinkle
Pillwort
Pine
Pink 1
Pink 2
Pipewort
Pitcher-Plant
Plantain
Pondweed
Poppy
Primrose
Purslane
Rannock Rush
Reedmace
Rockrose
Rose 1
Rose 2
Rose 3
Rose 4
Rush
Rush Woodrushes
Saint Johns Wort
Saltmarsh Grasses
Sandalwood
Saxifrage
Seaheath
Sea Lavender
Sedge Rush-like
Sedges Carex 1
Sedges Carex 2
Sedges Carex 3
Sedges Carex 4
Spindle-Tree
Spurge
Stonecrop
Sundew
Tamarisk
Tassel Pondweed
Teasel
Thyme 1
Thyme 2
Umbellifer 1
Umbellifer 2
Valerian
Verbena
Violet
Water Fern
Waterlily
Water Milfoil
Water Plantain
Water Starwort
Waterwort
Willow
Willow-Herb
Wintergreen
Wood-Sorrel
Yam
Yew


Topic -
The following is a complete hierarchical Plant Selection Process

dependent on the Garden Style chosen
Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form
Index


Topic -
Flower/Foliage Colour Wheel Galleries with number of colours as a high-level Plant Selection Process

All Flowers 53 with
...Use of Plant and
Flower Shape
- page links in bottom row

All Foliage 53
instead of redundant
...(All Foliage 212)


All Flowers
per Month 12


Bee instead of wind pollinated plants for hay-fever sufferers
All Bee-Pollinated Flowers
per Month
12
...Index

Rock Garden and Alpine Flowers
Rock Plant Flowers 53
INDEX
A, B, C, D, E, F,
G, H, I, J, K, L,
M, NO, PQ, R, S,
T, UVWXYZ
...Rock Plant Photos

Flower Colour Wheel without photos, but with links to photos
12 Bloom Colours
per Month Index

...All Plants Index


Topic -
Use of Plant in your Plant Selection Process

Plant Colour Wheel Uses
with
1. Perfect general use soil is composed of 8.3% lime, 16.6% humus, 25% clay and 50% sand, and
2. Why you are continually losing the SOIL STRUCTURE so your soil - will revert to clay, chalk, sand or silt.
Uses of Plant and Flower Shape:-
...Foliage Only
...Other than Green Foliage
...Trees in Lawn
...Trees in Small Gardens
...Wildflower Garden
...Attract Bird
...Attract Butterfly
1
, 2
...Climber on House Wall
...Climber not on House Wall
...Climber in Tree
...Rabbit-Resistant
...Woodland
...Pollution Barrier
...Part Shade
...Full Shade
...Single Flower provides Pollen for Bees
1
, 2, 3
...Ground-Cover
<60
cm
60-180cm
>180cm
...Hedge
...Wind-swept
...Covering Banks
...Patio Pot
...Edging Borders
...Back of Border
...Poisonous
...Adjacent to Water
...Bog Garden
...Tolerant of Poor Soil
...Winter-Flowering
...Fragrant
...Not Fragrant
...Exhibition
...Standard Plant is 'Ball on Stick'
...Upright Branches or Sword-shaped leaves
...Plant to Prevent Entry to Human or Animal
...Coastal Conditions
...Tolerant on North-facing Wall
...Cut Flower
...Potted Veg Outdoors
...Potted Veg Indoors
...Thornless
...Raised Bed Outdoors Veg
...Grow in Alkaline Soil A-F, G-L, M-R,
S-Z
...Grow in Acidic Soil
...Grow in Any Soil
...Grow in Rock Garden
...Grow Bulbs Indoors

Uses of Bedding
...Bedding Out
...Filling In
...Screen-ing
...Pots and Troughs
...Window Boxes
...Hanging Baskets
...Spring Bedding
...Summer Bedding
...Winter Bedding
...Foliage instead of Flower
...Coleus Bedding Photos for use in Public Domain 1

Uses of Bulb
...Other than Only Green Foliage
...Bedding or Mass Planting
...Ground-Cover
...Cut-Flower
...Tolerant of Shade
...In Woodland Areas
...Under-plant
...Tolerant of Poor Soil
...Covering Banks
...In Water
...Beside Stream or Water Garden
...Coastal Conditions
...Edging Borders
...Back of Border or Back-ground Plant
...Fragrant Flowers
...Not Fragrant Flowers
...Indoor
House-plant

...Grow in a Patio Pot
...Grow in an Alpine Trough
...Grow in an Alpine House
...Grow in Rock Garden
...Speciman Plant
...Into Native Plant Garden
...Naturalize in Grass
...Grow in Hanging Basket
...Grow in Window-box
...Grow in Green-house
...Grow in Scree
...Naturalized Plant Area
...Grow in Cottage Garden
...Attracts Butterflies
...Attracts Bees
...Resistant to Wildlife
...Bulb in Soil:-
......Chalk
......Clay
......Sand
......Lime-Free (Acid)
......Peat

Uses of Rose
...Bedding
...Climber /Pillar
...Cut-Flower
...Exhibition, Speciman
...Ground-Cover
...Grow In A Container
...Hedge
...Climber in Tree
...Woodland
...Edging Borders
...Tolerant of Poor Soil
...Tolerant of Shade
...Back of Border
...Adjacent to Water
...Page for rose use as ARCH ROSE, PERGOLA ROSE, COASTAL CONDITIONS ROSE, WALL ROSE, STANDARD ROSE, COVERING BANKS or THORNLESS ROSES.
...FRAGRANT ROSES
...NOT FRAGRANT ROSES


Topic -
Camera Photo Galleries showing all 4000 x 3000 pixels of each photo on your screen that you can then click and drag it to your desktop as part of a Plant Selection Process:-

RHS Garden at Wisley

Plant Supports -
When supporting plants in a bed, it is found that not only do those plants grow upwards, but also they expand their roots and footpad sideways each year. Pages
1
, 2, 3, 8, 11,
12, 13,
Plants 4, 7, 10,
Bedding Plants 5,
Plant Supports for Unknown Plants 5
,
Clematis Climbers 6,
the RHS does not appear to either follow it's own pruning advice or advice from The Pruning of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers by George E. Brown.
ISBN 0-571-11084-3 with the plants in Pages 1-7 of this folder. You can see from looking at both these resources as to whether the pruning carried out on the remainder of the plants in Pages 7-15 was correct.

Narcissus (Daffodil) 9,
Phlox Plant Supports 14, 15

Coleus Bedding Foliage Trial - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13, 14, 15,
16, 17, 18, 19, 20,
21, 22, 23, 24, 25,
26, 27, 28, 29, 30,
31, 32, Index

National Trust Garden at Sissinghurst Castle
Plant Supports -
Pages for Gallery 1

with Plant Supports
1, 5, 10
Plants
2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9,
11, 12
Recommended Rose Pruning Methods 13
Pages for Gallery 2
with Plant Supports
2
,
Plants 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

Dry Garden of
RHS Garden at
Hyde Hall

Plants - Pages
without Plant Supports
Plants 1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

Nursery of
Peter Beales Roses
Display Garden

Roses Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13

Nursery of
RV Roger

Roses - Pages
A1,A2,A3,A4,A5,
A6,A7,A8,A9,A10,
A11,A12,A13,A14,
B15,
B16,B17,B18,B19,
B20,
B21,B22,B23,B24,
B25,
B26,B27,B28,B29,
B30,
C31,C32,C33,C34,
C35,
C36,C37,C38,C39,
C40,
C41,CD2,D43,D44,
D45,
D46,D47,D48,D49,
E50,
E51,E52,F53,F54,
F55,
F56,F57,G58,G59,
H60,
H61,I62,K63,L64,
M65,
M66,N67,P68,P69,
P70,
R71,R72,S73,S74,
T75,
V76,Z77, 78,

Damage by Plants in Chilham Village - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4

Pavements of Funchal, Madeira
Damage to Trees - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13
for trees 1-54,
14, 15,
16, 17, 18, 19, 20,
21, 22, 23, 24, 25,
for trees 55-95,
26, 27, 28, 29, 30,
31, 32, 33, 34, 35,
36, 37,
for trees 95-133,
38, 39, 40,
41, 42, 43, 44, 45,
for trees 133-166

Chris Garnons-Williams
Work Done - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13

Identity of Plants
Label Problems - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11

Ron and Christine Foord - 1036 photos only inserted so far - Garden Flowers - Start Page of each Gallery
AB1 ,AN14,BA27,
CH40,CR52,DR63,
FR74,GE85,HE96,

Plant with Photo Index of Ivydene Gardens - 1187
A 1, 2, Photos - 43
B 1, Photos - 13
C 1, Photos - 35
D 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7,
Photos - 411
with Plants causing damage to buildings in Chilham Village and Damage to Trees in Pavements of Funchal
E 1, Photos - 21
F 1, Photos - 1
G 1, Photos - 5
H 1, Photos - 21
I 1, Photos - 8
J 1, Photos - 1
K 1, Photos - 1
L 1, Photos - 85
with Label Problems
M 1, Photos - 9
N 1, Photos - 12
O 1, Photos - 5
P 1, Photos - 54
Q 1, Photos -
R 1, 2, 3,
Photos - 229
S 1, Photos - 111
T 1, Photos - 13
U 1, Photos - 5
V 1, Photos - 4
W 1, Photos - 100
with Work Done by Chris Garnons-Williams
X 1 Photos -
Y 1, Photos -
Z 1 Photos -
Articles/Items in Ivydene Gardens - 88
Flower Colour, Num of Petals, Shape and
Plant Use of:-
Rock Garden
within linked page


Topic -
Fragrant Plants as a Plant Selection Process for your sense of smell:-

Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an Acid Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
1
, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3
Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves
1
, 2
Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5
Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit
1
, 2, 3
Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2
Night-scented Flowering Plants
1
, 2


Topic -
Website User Guidelines


My Gas Service Engineer found Flow and Return pipes incorrectly positioned on gas boilers and customers had refused to have positioning corrected in 2020.

 

This table section copied from Plant Botanical Index Fern Page.

So, why not use ferns in your garden to be the ground cover between your shrubs/trees?

FERN PLANTS GALLERY PAGES

Fern Culture
from Sections 1-10 of Ferns and Fern Culture by J. Birkenhead, F.R.H.S.
Published by John Heywood in Manchester in
May, 1892 with
Rules for Fern Culture
followed by
Sections
1 Modes of Growth
2 Compost
3 Compost for various Genera, growing in pots, pans or baskets
4 Various Habits of Ferns
5 Various Modes of Cultivation
6 Light
7 Temperature
8 Ferns in Dwelling-Houses
9 Propagation (in Use in Brackish Water in Coastal District Page)

10 Selection of Ferns

with

British Ferns and their Allies comprising the Ferns, Club-mosses, Pepperworts and Horsetails by Thomas Moore, F.L.S, F.H.S., Etc. London George Routledge and Sons, Broadway, Ludgate Hill. Hardcover published in 1861 provides details on British Ferns

 

SPORE COLOUR
Spore

BED PICTURES
Garden

TYPE OF FERN TO GROW
....Aquatic
....Boston/ Fishbone/
Lace/ Sword

....Cloak/Lip/Hand
....Filmy and Crepe
....Lacy Ground
(o)Lady
....Maidenhair
(o)Miscellaneous
(o)Primitive/ Oddities
....Scrambling/ Umbrella/ Coral/ Pouch
....Selaginellas
(o)Shield/ Buckler/ Holly
....Squirrel/ Rabbit/ Hare's Foot
....Staghorn/ Elkhorn/ Epiphyte
....Tassel, Clubmoss
....The Brakes
....The Polypodies
(o)The Spleenworts
....The Tree Ferns
....Water/ Hard/ Rasp/ Chain

USE OF FERN
(o)Cold-hardy
(o)From Lime-hating Soil
(o)From Limestone Soil
(o)Hanging Basket
(o)Indoor Decoration
(o)Outdoor Pot
(o)Terrariums
(o)Wet Soils
(o)Ground Cover
(o)Pendulous Fronds
 

All Hardy Fern Foundation members have unlimited access to our spore exchange and can choose from a wide variety of ferns. Our resource pages include publications and books about ferns as well as useful websites.

See
Ferns in Britain and Ireland
or the

British Pteridological Society
for further details and photos.

Mail Order UK Fern Nursery
Shady Plants has ferns for
Vertical Fern Gardens and Companion Plants for growing with Ferns.

TYPE OF FERN TO GROW WITH PHOTOS
using information from
Fern Grower's Manual by Barbara Joe Hoshizaki & Robbin C. Moran and
The Encyclopaedia of Ferns An Introduction to Ferns, their Structure, Biology, Economic Importance, Cultivation and Propagation by David L. Jones ISBN 0 88192 054 1


Aquatic Ferns (Azolla, Ceratopteris, Marsilea, Pilularia, Regnellidium, Salvinia)

Boston ferns (Nephrolepis exaltata), Fishbone ferns (Nephrolepis cordifolia), Lace ferns and Sword ferns

Cloak, Lip, Hand Ferns and their Hardy Relatives (Bommeria, Cheilanthes, Doryopteris, Gymnopteris, Hemionitis, Notholaena, Paraceterach, Pellae, Pleurosorus, Quercifilix) 1,
2, 3

Davallia Ferns (Araiostegia, Davallia, Davallodes, Gymno-grammitis, Humata, Leucostegia, Scyphularia, Trogostolon) 1,
2

Fern Allies (Psilotums or Whisk Ferns, Lycopodiums or Ground Pines, Selaginellas or Spike Mosses, and Equisetums, Horsetails or Scouring Rushes) 1, 2

Filmy and Crepe Ferns (Hymenophyllum, Trichomanes, Leptopteris) 1, 2

Lacy Ground Ferns (Culcita, Dennstaedtia, Histiopteris, Hypolepis, Leptolepia, Microlepia, Paesia, Pteridium)
1
, 2

Lady Ferns and Their Allies (Allantodia, Athyrium, Diplazium, Lunathyrium, Pseudo-cystopteris, Callipteris, Cornopteris, Cystopteris) 1, 2

Maidenhair Ferns (Adiantum) 1, 2

Miscellaneous Ferns (Acrostichum, Actiniopteris, Anemia, Anogramma, Anopteris, Blotiella, Bolbitis, Christella, Coniogramma, Cryptogramma, Ctenitis, Cyclosorus, Didymochlaena, Dipteris, Elaphoglossum, Equisetum, Gymnocarpium, Llavea, Lonchitis, Lygodium, Macrothelypteris, Oeontrichia, Oleandra, Onoclea, Onychium, Oreopteris, Parathelypteris, Phegopteris, Photinopteris, Pityrogramma, Pneumatopteris, Psilotum, Stenochlaena, Thelypteris, Vittaria)
1
, 2, 3, 4 including Fern Allies of Equisetum and Psilotum or Whisk Ferns

Polypodium Ferns and Relatives (Anarthropteris, Belvisia, Campyloneurum, Colysis, Crypsinus, Dictymia, Gonphlebium, Lecanopteris, Lemmaphyllum, Lexogramme, Microgramma, Microsorum, Niphidium, Phlebodium, Phymatosurus, Pleopeltis, Polypodium, Pyrrosia, Selliguea) 1, 2, 3

Primitive Ferns and Fern Oddities (Angiopteris, Botrychium, Christensenia, Danaea, Helminthostachys, Marattia, Ophioglossum, Osmunda and Todea)

Scrambling, Umbrella, Coral and Pouch Ferns (Dicranopteris, Diploptergium, Gleichenia, Sticherus)

Shield, Buckler, Holly Ferns and their Relatives (Arachniodes, Cyrtomium, Dryopteris, Lastreopsis, Matteuccia, Polystichum, Rumohra, Tectaria and Woodsia) 1, 2, 3, 4

Spleenworts Ferns (Asplenium) 1, 2, 3

Staghorns, Elkhorns and other large epiphytes (Aglaomorpha, Drynaria, Merinthosorus, Platycerium, Pseudodrynaria) 1, 2

Fern Allies - Tassel Ferns and Clubmosses (Lycopodium)

The Brakes (Pteris) 1, 2

Tree Ferns (Cibotium, Cnemidaria, Cyathea, Dicksonia, Nephelea and Trichipteris) 1, 2

Water, Hard, Rasp and Chain Ferns (Blechnum, Doodia, Woodwardia, Sadleria) 1, 2

Xerophytic Ferns (Actinopteris, Astrolepis, Cheilanthes, Doryopteris, Notholaena, Pellaea, Pityrogramma) 1, 2
 

USE OF FERN WITH PHOTOS
using information from Fern Grower's Manual by Barbara Joe Hoshizaki & Robbin C. Moran and
The Encyclopaedia of Ferns An Introduction to Ferns, their Structure, Biology, Economic Importance, Cultivation and Propagation by David L. Jones ISBN 0 88192 054 1


Outdoor Use in
Northeastern United States Zones 3-6
Southeastern United States Zones 6-8
Southern Florida and Hawaii Zones 10-11
Central United States Zones 3-6
Northwestern United States Zones 5-8 with some Zone 9
Southwestern United States Zones 6-9
Coastal Central and Southern California Zones 9-10

Accent
Aquatic 1, 2

Basket 1,
Ferns for Hanging Baskets 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Ferns for Hanging Baskets with Pendulous Fronds or weeping Growth Habit 7, 8

Bog or Wet-Soil 1,
Ferns for Wet Soils 2, 3

Border and Foundation 1, 2
Cold-hardy Ferns 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Colour in Fern Fronds 1, 2, 3, 4
Conservatory (Stove House) or Heated Greenhouse 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Drier Soil 1, 2, 3, 4
Grows on Rock (epilithic) 1, 2
Borne on Leaf (epiphyllous) 1, 2
Grows on another Plant (epiphyte) 1, 2
Evergreen and Deciduous
Fronds in Floral Decorations

Ferns for Acid Soil 1,
Lime-hating (Calcifluges) 2, 3, 4, 5

Ferns for Basic or Limestone Soil 1,
Ferns Found on Limestone or Basic Soils (Calciphiles) 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10

Grow in Coastal Region

Ferns for Ground Cover 1,
Ground Cover Ferns 2, 3, 4, 5

Ferns of the Atlantic Fringe with associated plants (1 - Atlantic Cliff-top Grassland, Ledges and Rough Slopes; 2 - Clay Coasts and Dunes of South-East Ireland; 3 - Limestones of Western Atlantic Coasts; 4 - Hebridean Machair; 5 - Horsetail Flushes, Ditches and Stream Margins; 6 - Water Margin Osmunda Habitats; 7 - Western, Low-lying, Wet, Acid Woodlands; 8 - Western, Oak and Oak-Birch Woodlands and Ravines, in the UK and Ireland)
Ferns in Coastal District with associated plants (Hard Rock Cliffs, Soft Rock Cliffs, Clay Coasts, or Coastal Sand-Dunes in the UK)
Ferns of Grasslands and Rock Outcrops (Grasslands; Rocks, Quarries and Mines in the UK)
Ferns of Heath and Moorland with associated plants (1 - Bracken Heath; 2 - Ferns of Moist Heathland Slopes and Margins of Rills and Streams; 3 - Heathland Horsetails, 4 - Heathland Clubmosses, in the UK)
Ferns of Lower Mountain Habitats with associated plants (1 - Upland Slopes and Screes; 2 - Base-rich, Upland Springs and Flushes; 3 - Base-rich, Upland, Streamside Sands and Gravels; 4 - Juniper Shrub Woodland, in the UK)
Ferns for Man-Made Landscapes with associated plants (South-western Hedgebanks, Hedgerows and Ditches, Walls and Stonework, Water Mills and Wells, Lime Kilns and abandoned Lime-Workings, Pit heaps and Shale Bings, Canals, Railways and Their Environs in the UK)
Ferns of Upper Mountain Habitats with associated plants (1 - High Mountain, Basic Cliffs and Ledges; 2 - High, Cliff Gullies; 3 - High Mountain Corries, Snow Patches and Fern beds; 4 - Ridges, Plateaux and High Summits, in the UK)
Ferns for Wetlands with associated plants (1- Ponds, Flooded Mineral Workings and Wet Heathland Hollows; 2 - Lakes and Reservoirs; 3 - Fens; 4 - Ferns of the Norfolk Broads' Fens; 5 - Willow Epiphytes in the UK)
Ferns in Woodland with associated plants (1 - Dry, Lowland, Deciduous Woodland; 2 - Inland, Limestone, Valley Woodland; 3 - Base-rich Clay, Valley Woodland; 4 - Basic, Spring-fed Woodland; 5 - Ravine Woodland on Mixed Rock-types; 6 - Native Pine Forest in the UK)


Ferns in Hedges or Hedgebanks
Outdoor Containers 1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
Rapidly Growing Fern 1, 2
Resurrection Fern
Rock Garden and Wall Ferns 1
, 2,
3, 4, 5
Shade Tolerant 1, 2, 3, 4
Slowly Growing Fern
Sun Tolerant 1
, 2, 3, 4

House Fern in Trough Garden 1,
Fern Suitable for
Indoor Decoration 2
, 3, 4, 5, 6

House Fern in Terrarium, Wardian Case or
Bottle Garden 1
,
Ferns suitable for Terrariums, Wardian Cases 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
 

Grow in Woodlands 1, 2, 3, 4
 

See
Ferns in Britain and Ireland
or the
British Pteridological Society
for further details and photos.

Mail Order UK Fern Nursery
Shady Plants has ferns for
Vertical Fern Gardens and Companion Plants for growing with Ferns.

The remarkable sex life of ferns:-

  • Formation of spores in the capsule (sporangia) underneath a fertile leaf.
  • When they are ripe, the millions of spores are thrown out by the sporangia when it bursts open.
  • A spore that lands on good soil (moist and light) produces a prothallium (of approximately 6mm) onto which male and female organs develop. The spermatozoa from the male organ swim across moisture to fertilise the eggs.
  • On the prothallium the impregnated egg creates a new plant which takes root; the first leaves have an aberrant shape.

Use of Fern

 

Cold-Hardy Ferns

From Appendix 8 of The Encyclopaedia of Ferns An Introduction to Ferns, their Structure, Biology, Economic Importance, Cultivation and Propagation by David L. Jones ISBN 0 88192 054 1:-

The following ferns will succeed very well in temperate regions. Those marked with an * are very hardy to frosts or snow and so are suitable for the British Isles.

Adiantum aethiopicum* Adiantum- Flora of North America

Adiantum capillus-junonis. Care of Adiantum (Maidenhair) Ferns

Adiantum capillus-veneris*

Adiantum diaphanum

Adiantum formosum

Adiantum hispidulum

Adiantum pedatum*

Adiantum raddianum

Adiantum venustum*

Allantodia australis

Allantodia squamigera

Arachniodes aristata

Arachniodes simplicior

Arachniodes standishii

Asplenium adiantum-nigrum* Asplenium - Wikipedia

Asplenium australasicum

Asplenium bulbiferum*

Asplenium fissum*

Asplenium flabellifolium

Asplenium flaccidum

Asplenium fontanum*

Asplenium hookerianum*

Asplenium marinum

Asplenium oblongifolium

Asplenium platyneuron

Asplenium richardii

Asplenium ruta-muraria

Asplenium sarelii

Asplenium scleroprium

Asplenium scolopendrium and cultivars

Asplenium septentrionale*

Asplenium trichomanes*

Asplenium viride*

Athyrium asplenoides Athyrium - Wikipedia

Athyrium brevifrons

Athyrium deltoidofrons

Athyrium distentifolium

Athyrium filix-femina and cultivars

Athyrium flexile

Athyrium niponicum var pictum

Athyrium otophorum

Athyrium spinulosum

Blechnum capense Blechnum - Wikipedia

Blechnum chilense

Blechnum discolor*

Blechnum fluviatile*

Blechnum lanceolatum

Blechnum magellanicum

Blechnum minus*

Blechnum nudum*

Blechnum patersonii

Blechnum penna-marina*

Blechnum procerum*

Blechnum spicant*

Blechnum tabulare*

Blechnum vulcanicum*

Cheilanthes austrotenuifolia*
Cheilanthes - Wikipedia

Cheilanthes distans

Cheilanthes gracillima

Coniogramme japonica

Cornopteris crenulatoserrulatum

Cryptogramma crispa*

Culcita dubia*

Cyathea australis* Cyathea - Wikipedia

Cyathea brownii

Cyathea colunsoi*

Cyathea cunninghamii

Cyathea dealbata

Cyathea medullaris

Cyathea smithii*

Cyathea woolsiana

Cyrtomium caryotideum Cyrtomium - Wikipedia

Cyrtomium falcatum

Cyrtomium fortunei

Cystopteris bulbifera*

Cystopteris fragilis*

Davallia canariensis Davallia - Wikipedia

Davallia mariesii*

Davallia tasmanii

Davallia trichomanoides

Dennstaedtia davallioides

Dennstaedtia punctiloba*

Dicksonia antarctica* Dicksonia - Wikipedia

Dicksonia fibrosa*

Dicksonia lanata*

Dicksonia squarrosa*

Diplazium assimile Diplazium - Wikipedia

Diplazium sibiricum*

Diplazium subsinuatum

Diplazium tomitaroanum

Doodia aspera* Doodia - Wikipedia

Doodia caudata

Doodia media*

Dryopteris aemula Dryopteris - Wikipedia

Dryopteris affinis and cultivars

Dryopteris assimilis*

Dryopteris carthusiana*

Dryopteris clintoniana

Dryopteris cycadina

Dryopteris dilatata

Dryopteris erythrosora

Dryopteris filix-mas and cultivars

Dryopteris goldiana

Dryopteris intermedia

Dryopteris marginalis

Dryopteris oreades

Dryopteris sieboldii

Dryopteris submontana

Gymnocarpium dryopteris*
Gymnocarpium - Wikipedia

Gymnocarpium robertianum

Histiopteris incisa*

Hypolepis australe

Hypolepis millefolium

Hypolepis punctata

Hypolepis rugosula

Lastreopsis acuminata* Lastreopsis - Wikipedia

Lastreopsis decomposita

Lastreopsis glabella

Lastreopsis hispida

Lastreopsis microsora

Lastreopsis munita

Lastreopsis velutina

Lemmaphyllum microphyllum

Leptolepia novae-zealandiae

Leptopteris hymenophylloides

Leptopteris superba

Lunathyrium japonicum

Lunathyrium thelypterioides

Nephrolepis cordifolia

Onoclea sensibilis

Osmunda cinnamomea Osmunda - Wikipedia

Osmunda claytoniana

Osmunda regalis and cultivars

Paesia scaberula

Pellaea atropurpurea

Pellaea falcata

Pellaea rotundifolia

Pellaea viridis

Phegopteris connectilis

Phegopteris hexagonoptera

Polypodium australe Polypodium - Wikipedia

Polypodium formosanum

Polypodium glycyrrhiza

Polypodium polypodioides

Polypodium scouleri

Polypodium vulgare and cultivars

Polystichum acrostichoides* Polystichum - Wikipedia

Polystichum aculeatum* and cultivars

Polystichum andersonii

Polystichum braunii

Polystichum cystostegia*

Polystichum lonchitis

Polystichum munitum*

Polystichum polyblepharum*

Polystichum proliferum*

Polystichum retroso-paleaceum

Polystichum richardii

Polystichum setiferum*

Polystichum tsus-simense

Polystichum vestitum

Pseudocystopteris atkinsonii

Pseudocystopteris spinulosum

Pteris comans Pteris - Wikipedia

Pteris cretica and cultivars

Pteris macilenta

Pteris multifida

Pteris tremula

Pteris umbrosa

Pteris vittata

Rumora adiantiformis

Selaginella helvetica Selaginella - Wikipedia

Selaginella kraussiana*

Selaginella wallacei

Thelypteris palustris

Thelypteris simulata Thelypteris - Wikipedia

Todea barbara* Todea - Wikipedia

Woodsia alpina* Woodsia - Wikipedia

Woodsia ilvensis

Woodsia obtusa

Woodwardia areolata Woodwardia - Wikipedia

Woodwardia fimbriata*

Woodwardia orientalis

Woodwardia radicans

Woodwardia virginica*

 

Ferns for Hanging Baskets

From Chapter 21 - Specialized containers and systems of culture, and Appendix 3 of The Encyclopaedia of Ferns An Introduction to Ferns, their Structure, Biology, Economic Importance, Cultivation and Propagation by David L. Jones ISBN 0 88192 054 1:-


The following ferns are suitable for cultivation in baskets and similar containers in the regions specified. Those with a creeping habit of growth are marked with an *. See With Pendulous Fronds Page for a list of ferns with pendulous fronds.

Species

Region

Adiantum diaphanum* Adiantum- Flora of North America

Tropical-Temperate

Aglaomorpha meyeniana

Tropical-Temperate

Anarthropteris lanceolata*

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Asplenium aethiopicum Asplenium - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Asplenium alatum

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Asplenium attenuatum

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

Asplenium auritum

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Asplenium belangeri

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Asplenium bulbiferum

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Asplenium cristatum

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Asplenium cuneatum

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Asplenium daucifolium

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Asplenium flabellifolium

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Asplenium lamprocaulon

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Asplenium normale

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Asplenium paleacum

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Asplenium radicans

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Asplenium serra

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Asplenium serratum

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Asplenium simplicifrons

Tropical-Temperate

Belvisia mucronata*

Tropical-Temperate

Blechnum fluviatile Blechnum - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Blechnum occidentale

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Campyloneurum latum Campyloneurum - Wikipedia

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Campyloneurum phyllitidis

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Campyloneurum radicans

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Colysis ampla*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Colysis hemionitidea*

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

Colysis sayeri*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Cyrtomium caryotideum Cyrtomium - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Cyrtomium falcatum

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Cyrtomium macrophyllum

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Davallia bullata* Davallia - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Davallia canariensis*

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Davallia corniculata*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Davallia denticulata*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Davallia divaricata*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Davallia embolostegia*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Davallia epiphylla*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Davallia fejeeensis*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Davallia mariesii*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Davallia pyxidata*

Tropical-Temperate

Davallia solida*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Davallia tasmanii*

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Davallia trichomanoides*

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Davallodes hirsutum*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Dictymia brownii

Tropical-Temperate

Dictymia macrocarpa*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Dictymia percussa*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Polypodium australe and cultivars*
Polypodium - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Polypodium chnoodes*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Polypodium dissimile*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Polypodium formosanum*

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

Polypodium fraxinifolium*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Polypodium glaucophyllum*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Polypodium loriceum*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Polypodium pectinatum*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Polypodium plumula*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Polypodium polypodioides*

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Polypodium sanctae-rosae*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Polypodium scouleri*

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

Polypodium thyssanolepis*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Polypodium triseriale*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Polypodium vulgare and cultivars

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Polystichum lentum Polystichum - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Pseudodrynaria coronans

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Psilotum nudum

Tropical-Temperate

Pteris ensiformis and cultivars Pteris - Wikipedia

Tropical-Temperate

Pteris multifida and cultivars

Tropical-Temperate

Pyrrosia confluens*

Tropical-Temperate

Pyrrosia hastata*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Pyrrosia lanceolata*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Pyrrosia lingua and cultivars

Tropical-Temperate

Pyrrosia longifolia*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Pyrrosia nummularifolia*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Pyrrosia piloselloides

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Pyrrosia polydactylis*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Pyrrosia rupestris*

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Pyrrosia serpens*

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Rumora adiantiformis*

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Sadleria cyatheoides

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Scyphularia pentaphylla*

Tropical-Temperate

Scyphularia triphylla*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Selliguea feei*

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

Stenochlaena palustris*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Stenochlaena tenuifolia*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Woodwardia orientalis Woodwardia - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

 

 

 

Ferns Suitable for Outdoor Containers

From Chapter 19 - Ferns for containers, indoors and out, and Appendix 6 of The Encyclopaedia of Ferns An Introduction to Ferns, their Structure, Biology, Economic Importance, Cultivation and Propagation by David L. Jones ISBN 0 88192 054 1:-


Most of the fern species listed below need a protected part shade situation. Those marked with an * can be tolerant of exposure to Full Sun.

Fern Species

Region

Comments

Adiantum macrophyllum Adiantum- Flora of North America

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Fronds erect

Adiantum peruvianum

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Arching fronds

Adiantum polyphyllum

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Spreading

Adiantum trapeziforme

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Spreading

Angiopteris evecta

Tropical-Temperate

Needs plenty of water

Arachniodes aristata

Tropical-Temperate

Very hardy

Arachniodes standishii

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

Very attractive

Asplenium australasicum* Asplenium - Wikipedia

Tropical-Temperate

Excellent

Asplenium bulbiferum

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Do not overpot, arching fronds

Asplenium cymbifolium

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Sensitive to cold

Asplenium daucifolium

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Fine and lacy

Asplenium dimorphum

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Variable fronds

Asplenium milnei

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

Shiny fronds

Asplenium musifolium

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Erect rosette

Asplenium nidus*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Cold sensitive

Asplenium oblongifolium

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Dense

Asplenium scleroprium*

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Dense, leathery

Asplenium simplicifrons

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

Rosette of narrow fronds

Athyrium filix-femina and cultivars Athyrium - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

May be Deciduous

Blechnum braziliense
Blechnum - Wikipedia

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Attractive

Blechnum capense

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Hardy

Blechnum cartilagineum*

Tropical-Temperate

Hardy

Blechnum gibbum

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Attractive

Blechnum nudum

Temperate-Tropical

Needs plenty of water

Blechnum orientale

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Hardy

Cibotium glaucum

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Forms trunk

Coniogramme intermedia

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

Dark fronds

Culcita dubia*

Tropical-Temperate

Very hardy

Cyathea australis*
Cyathea - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Very hardy

Cyathea brownii*

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Fast

Cyathea capensis

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Hardy

Cyathea celebica

Tropical-Temperate

Prickly

Cyathea contaminans*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Fast

Cyathea cooperi*

Tropical-Temperate

Fast

Cyathea dealbata

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Excellent

Cyathea dregei

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Hardy

Cyathea medullaris*

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Fast

Cyathea rebeccae

Tropical-Temperate

Excellent

Cyathea robusta

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Decorative

Cyathea woollsiana

Tropical-Temperate

Excellent

Dicksonia antarctica*

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Very hardy

Dicksonia fibrosa
Dicksonia - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Very hardy

Dicksonia sellowiana

Semi-Tropical

Slender

Dicksonia squarrosa*

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Very hardy

Dicksonia youngiae

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

Attractive

Didymochlaena truncatula

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Lovely fronds

Diplazium dilatatum
Diplazium - Wikipedia

Tropical-Temperate

Arching fronds

Diplazium werckleanum

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Dark fronds

Drynaria quercifolia*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Very hardy

Dryopteris affinis

Dryopteris - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Hardy

Dryopteris filix-mas

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

May be deciduous

Lastreopsis decomposita Lastreopsis - Wikipedia

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

Hardy

Lastreopsis marginans

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

Shiny fronds

Lastreopsis microsora

Tropical-Temperate

Hardy

Lastreopsis velutina

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Soft fronds

Leucostegia immersa

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Coarse mix

Leucostegia pallida

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Coarse mix

Marattia salicina

Tropical-Temperate

Hardy

Microlepia firma

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Hardy

Microlepia hirta

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Hardy

Microlepia playtphylla

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Tall

Microlepia speluncae

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Soft fronds

Microlepia strigosa

Tropical-Temperate

Graceful

Microsorum pappei

Tropical-Temperate

Slowly spreading

Microsorum punctatum* and cultivars

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Hardy

Nephrolepis biserrata and cultivars Nephrolepis - Wikipedia

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

needs plenty of water

Nephrolepis cordifolia* and cultivars

Tropical-Temperate

hardy

Nephrolepis exaltata* (larger cultivars)

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

hardy

Nephrolepis falcata* and cultivars

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

hardy

Nephrolepis hirsutula*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

hardy

Nephrolepis obliterata*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

hardy

Niphidium crassifolium

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

coarse mix

Osmunda regalis
Osmunda - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

deciduous

Phlebodium aureum and cultivars

Tropical-Temperate

coarse mix

Phymatosorus diversifolius

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

hardy

Phymatosorus longissimus

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

coarse mix

Phymatosorus nigrescens

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

coarse mix

Phymatosorus parksii*

Tropical-Temperate

bushy clump

Phymatosorus scolopendria

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

coarse mix

Pityrogramma calomelanos*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

very hardy

Polystichum aculeatum
Polystichum - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

fronds harsh

Polystichum proliferum

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

hardy

Polystichum retroso-paleacum

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

dark, glossy green

Polystichum setiferum

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

fronds spreading

Polystichum vestitum

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

fronds harsh

Pseudodrynaria coronans*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

coarse mix

Pteris biaurita Pteris - Wikipedia

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

hardy

Pteris hendersonii

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

attractive

Pteris microptera

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

hardy

Pteris pacifica

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

shiny fronds

Pteris quadriaurita

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

large

Pteris tripartita

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

large

Pteris umbrosa

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

bushy

Pteris wallichiana

Tropical-Temperate

large

Rumora adiantiformis* (Cape form)

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

large, very hardy

Woodwardia fimbriata
Woodwardia - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

erect

Woodwardia orientalis

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

spreading fronds

Woodwardia radicans

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

hardy

 

Ferns for Wet Soils

From Appendix 7 of The Encyclopaedia of Ferns An Introduction to Ferns, their Structure, Biology, Economic Importance, Cultivation and Propagation by David L. Jones ISBN 0 88192 054 1:-

Acrostichum aureum Acrostichum - Wikipedia

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Acrostichum danaeifolium

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Acrostichum speciosum

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Allantantodia australis

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Ampelopteris prolifera*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Angiopteris evecta

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Athyrium filix-femina Athyrium - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Blechnum articulatum Blechnum - Wikipedia

Tropical-Temperate

Blechnum capense

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Blechnum discolor*

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Blechnum fluviatile

Temperate

Blechnum indicum*

Tropical-Temperate

Blechnum lanceolatum

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Blechnum minus*

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Blechnum nudum

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Blechnum patersonii

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Blechnum serrulatum*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Blechnum wattsii*

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Blotiella lindeniana

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

Cyathea australis* Cyathea - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Cyathea smithii*

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Cyclosorus interruptus*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Dennstaedtia davallioides*

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Dicksonia antarctica* Dicksonia - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Dicksonia herbertii*

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

Diplazium dietrichianum* Diplazium - Wikipedia

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Diplazium dilatatum

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

Diplazium esculentum*

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Diplazium riparium

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Equisetum myriochaetum*

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Helminthostachys zeylanica*

Tropical

Histiopteris incisa*

Temperate-Tropical

Hypolepis punctata*

Temperate-Tropical

Hypolepis rugosula

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Lunathyrium japonicum

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Lygodium circinnatum Lygodium - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Lygodium flexuosum

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Lygodium microphyllum*

Tropical-Temperate

Marattia salicina

Tropical-Temperate

Microlepia speluncae

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Nephrolepis biserrata* Nephrolepis - Wikipedia

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Onoclea sensibilis*

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Osmunda cinnamomea* Osmunda - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Osmunda regalis*

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Parathelypteris beddomei*

Tropical

Pilularia globifera

Temperate

Plagiogyria pectinata

Semi-Tropical

Pseumatopteris pennigera

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Pseumatopteris sogerensis

Tropical-Temperate

Pseudophegopteris paludosa

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Pteris comans* Pteris - Wikipedia

Temperate

Pteris umbrosa*

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Selaginella kraussiana Selaginella - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Thelypteris confluens* Thelypteris - Wikipedia

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

Todea barbara* Todea - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Woodwardia virginica Woodwardia - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

 

Lime-hating Ferns (Calcifluges)

From Appendix 10 of The Encyclopaedia of Ferns An Introduction to Ferns, their Structure, Biology, Economic Importance, Cultivation and Propagation by David L. Jones ISBN 0 88192 054 1:-

The following ferns resent lime and may die (or suffer badly bleached foliage) if it is included in their potting mix or added to the soil around their roots. Those marked with an asterisk * are particularly sensitive.

Species

Adiantum bradleyi

Asplenium forisiacum

Asplenium montanum

Asplenium pinnatifidum

Asplenium septentrionale

Asplenium trichomanes ssp. trichomanes

Blechnum spicant

Cryptogramma brunnoniana *

Cryptogramma brunnoniana crispa *

Dryopteris celsa

Gleichenia alpina

Gleichenia alpina dicarpa

Gleichenia alpina microphylla

Lygodium palmatum *

Oreopteris limbosperma

Phegopteris connectilis

Thelypteris palustris

Thelypteris palustris simulata

 

Ferns found on Limestone or Basic Soils (Calciphiles)

"The following fern species are recorded as growing on limestone, or in basic soils. They are presented here as an aid to understanding their cultivation requirements, as lime may be necessary for their successful growth. Some species only occur sporadically on limestone, others grow on it commonly and are marked *" from Appendix 9 of The Encyclopaedia of Ferns An Introduction to Ferns, their Structure, Biology, Economic Importance, Cultivation and Propagation by David L. Jones ISBN 0 88192 054 1.

Adenoderris glandulosa

Adenoderris sororia

Actiniopteris radiata

Actiniopteris braunii*

Adiantum capillus-veneris*

Adiantum caudatum Adiantum- Flora of North America

Adiantum fragile

Adiantum incisum

Adiantum malesianum*

Adiantum melanoleucum

Adiantum philippense

Adiantum reniforme*

Adiantum resiliens

Adiantum soboliferum*

Adiantum stenochlamys*

Adiantum tenerum*

Adiantum tricholepis

Adiantum wilesianum*

Adiantum zollingeri*

Adiantopsis paupercula*

Adiantopsis pedata*

Anemia adiantifolia*

Anemia cicutaria

Anemia mexicana

Anemia speciosa

Anemia wrightii

Anopteris hexagona

Arcypteris irregularis

Asplenium adiantoides* Asplenium - Wikipedia

Asplenium adiantum-nigrum

Asplenium ceterach*

Asplenium cristatum

Asplenium dentatum

Asplenium ebenoides

Asplenium fissum

Asplenium fontanum

Asplenium heterochroum

Asplenium hoffmannii

Asplenium lepidum

Asplenium macrophyllum

Asplenium majoricum

Asplenium milnei

Asplenium myriophyllum

Asplenium olivaceum

Asplenium palmeri

Asplenium pellucidum

Asplenium phyllitidis

Asplenium pumilum

Asplenium resiliens

Asplenium rhizophyllum*

Asplenium ruta-muraria*

Asplenium salignum

Asplenium scolopendrium

Asplenium seelosii

Asplenium squamulatum*

Asplenium tenerum

Asplenium trichomanes

Asplenium trichomanes-dentatum*

Asplenium unilaterale

Asplenium viride

Athyrium pinnatum Athyrium - Wikipedia

Athyrium prescottianum

Blechnum finlaysonianum Blechnum - Wikipedia

Bolbitis aliena*

Bolbitis portoricensis

Bommeria hispida*

Bommeria pedata*

Ceterach cordatum

Cheilanthes alabamensis*
Cheilanthes - Wikipedia

Cheilanthes candida

Cheilanthes eatonii

Cheilanthes farinosa*

Cheilanthes feei

Cheilanthes horridula

Cheilanthes induta

Cheilanthes leucopoda*

Cheilanthes marlothii

Cheilanthes microphylla*

Cheilanthes pteridiodes

Cheilanthes rufa

Cheilanthes scariosa*

Cheilanthes villosa

Christella dentata

Christata parasitica

Crypsinus enervis

Cryptogramma stelleri

Ctenitis hirta*

Ctenitis sloanei

Cyclopeltis crenata

Cyclopeltis semicordata

Cyrtomium auriculatum Cyrtomium - Wikipedia

Cyrtomium falcatum*

Cyrtomium juglandifolium

Cystopteris bulbifera

Cystopteris fragilis

Davallia denticulata

Davallia solida Davallia - Wikipedia

Diplazium cordifolium Diplazium - Wikipedia

Diplazium esculentum

Diplazium montanum

Doryopteris allenae*

Doryopteris concolor

Doryopteris ludens*

Doryopteris papuana*

Drynaria bonii*

Drynaria quercifolia

Drynaria rigidula

Drynaria sparsisora

Dryopteris ludoviciana Dryopteris - Wikipedia

Dryopteris submontana

Dryopteris villari

Gymnocarpium robertianum*

Hemionitis arifolia

Heterogonium alderwereltii*

Heterogonium pinnatum*

Humata heterophylla

Humata pectinata

Hypodematium crenatum

Hypodematium fauriei

Lemmaphyllum accedens

Lepisorus longifolius

Leptochilus decurrens

Llavea cordifolia

Loxogramme avenia

Loxogramme scolopendrina

Lygodium polystachyum*

Matteuccia struthiopteris

Microgramma heterophyllum

Microlepia speluncae

Microsorum musifolium

Microsorum punctatum

Neocheiropteris palmatopedata

Nephelea fulgens

Nephelea woodwardioides

Nephrolepis biserrata Nephrolepis - Wikipedia

Nephrolepis dicksonioides*

Nephrolepis falcata

Nephrolepis hirsutula

Nephrolepis radicans

Notholaena aschenborniana* Notholaena - Wikipedia

Notholaena candida*

Notholaena dealbata

Notholaena formosa*

Notholaena grayi*

Notholaena greggii*

Notholaena limitanea

Notholaena neglecta*

Notholaena parvifolia*

Notholaena rigida*

Notholaena sinuata*

Notholaena standleyi

Odontosoria clavata

Oleandra undulata

Ophioglossum englemanii

Pellaea atropurpurea* Pellaea - Wikipedia

Pellaea breweri

Pellaea dolomiticola*

Pellaea glabella

Pellaea intermedia

Pellaea ovata*

Pellaea pringlei

Pellaea sagittata*

Pellaea ternifolia*

Photinopteris speciosa

Phymatosorus nigrescens

Phymatosorus scolopendria

Pityrogramma calomelanos

Pneumatopteris pennigera

Polypodium australe Polypodium - Wikipedia

Polypodium dispersum

Polypodium papillosum

Polypodium plumula

Polypodium ptilodon

Polypodium vulgare

Polystichum aculeatum Polystichum - Wikipedia

Polystichum echinatum*

Polystichum christianae*

Polystichum harrisae*

Polystichum lindsaeifolium*

Polystichum triangulum

Pterideum aquilinum Pterideum - Wikipedia

Pterideum aquilinum var. caudatum

Pterideum aquilinum var. feei

Pterideum esculentum

Pteridrys syrmatica

Pteris bahamensis* Pteris - Wikipedia

Pteris cretica*

Pteris ensiformis

Pteris longifolia

Pteris longipinnula*

Pteris mertensioides

Pteris multifida

Pteris scabripes

Pteris tripartita

Pteris vittata*

Pyrrosia floccigera

Pyrrosia lanceolata

Pyrrosia penangiana*

Pyrrosia stigmosa*

Pyrrosia varia

Selaginella lepidophylla* Selaginella - Wikipedia

Selaginella pilifera*

Sphenomeris clavata

Taenitis blechnoides

Tectaria x amesiana Tectaria - Wikipedia

Tectaria amplifolia*

Tectaria barberi

Tectaria devexa*

Tectaria griffithii

Tectaria heracleifolia*

Tectaria incisa

Tectaria lobata*

Tectaria macrodonta

Tectaria pedata*

Tectaria variolosa

Thelypteris augescens Thelypteris - Wikipedia

Thelypteris blanda

Thelypteris guadalupensis*

Thelypteris immersa

Thelypteris leptoclada*

Thelypteris ovata

Thelypteris pilosa

Thelypteris reptans*

Thelypteris resiliens

Thelypteris toganetra

Thelypteris tuerckheimii

Vittaria angustifolia Vittaria - Wikipedia

Vittaria elongata

Woodsia fragilis Woodsia - Wikipedia

Woodsia glabella

 

Ferns Suitable for Indoor Decoration

From Chapter 19 - Ferns for containers, indoors and out, and Appendix 1 of The Encyclopaedia of Ferns An Introduction to Ferns, their Structure, Biology, Economic Importance, Cultivation and Propagation by David L. Jones ISBN 0 88192 054 1:-

Species

Region

Light Tolerance

Comments

Adiantum capillus-veneris Adiantum- Flora of North America

Temperate-Tropical

Bright

Can be tricky

Adiantum capillus-veneris 'Banksianum'

Temperate-Tropical

Bright

Excellent indoors

Adiantum capillus-veneris 'Fimbriatum'

Temperate-Tropical

Bright

deeply cut fronds

Adiantum capillus-veneris 'Imbricatum'

Temperate-Tropical

Bright

cascading fronds

Adiantum capillus-veneris 'Scintilla'

Temperate-Tropical

Bright

shallow pot

Adiantum raddianum

Temperate-Tropical

Bright

an adaptable species

Adiantum raddianum 'Elegans'

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Bright

hardy

Adiantum raddianum 'Fragrantissimum'

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Bright

vigorous grower

Adiantum raddianum 'Fritz Luth'

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Bright

very popular

Adiantum raddianum 'Gracillimum'

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Bright

finely divided fronds

Adiantum raddianum 'Lawsonianum'

Temperate-Tropical

Bright

hardy

Adiantum raddianum 'Pacific Maid'

Semi-Tropical-Tropical

Bright

best in tropics

Adiantum raddianum 'Weigandii'

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Bright

hardy

Adiantum tenerum

Tropical

Bright

good in tropics

Adiantum tenerum 'Fergusonii'

Tropical

Bright

strong grower

Adiantum tenerum

Tropical

Bright

good in tropics

Adiantum tenerum 'Fergusonii'

Tropical

Bright

strong grower

Adiantum tenerum 'Gloriosum Roseum'

Tropical

Bright

attractive fern

Adiantum tenerum 'Scutum Roseum'

Tropical

Bright

pink new growth

Asplenium australasicum Asplenium - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Bright

grows large, hardy

Asplenium bulbiferum

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

dull-bright

very adaptable

Asplenium cymbifolium

Tropical

Bright

grows large

Asplenium daucifolium

Temperate-Tropical

dull-bright

very adaptable

Asplenium dimorphum

Temperate-Tropical

dull-bright

very adaptable

Asplenium musifolium

Tropical

Bright

grows large

Asplenium nidus

Tropical

Bright

grows large

Asplenium oblongifolium

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

dull-bright

hardy

Asplenium laserpitifolium

Tropical

Bright

difficult subject

Asplenium shuttleworthianum

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

dull-bright

very adaptable

Asplenium simplicifrons

Temperate-Tropical

dull-bright

very adaptable

Blechnum articulatum Blechnum - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

dull-bright

adaptable

Blechnum braziliense

Semi-Tropical-Tropical

Bright

hardy and adaptable

Blechnum gibbum

Temperate-Tropical

Bright

very attractive

Blechnum moorei

Semi-Tropical-Tropical

Bright

seems hardy

Blechnum occidentale

Semi-Tropical-Tropical

Bright

colourful new growth

Cyrtomium caryotideum Cyrtomium - Wikipedia

Temperate-Tropical

Bright

attractive

Cyrtomium falcatum and cultivars

Temperate-Tropical

dull-bright

hardy and acceptable

Cyrtomium macrophyllum

Semi-Tropical-Tropical

Bright

adaptable

Davallia bullata

Davallia - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

dull-bright

very hardy

Davallia fejeensis

Semi-Tropical-Tropical

Bright

beautiful

Davallia mariesii

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

dull-bright

very hardy

Davallia solida

Semi-Tropical-Tropical

Bright

adaptable

Davallia trichomanoides

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

dull-bright

very hardy

Dicksonia antarctica

Dicksonia - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

dull-bright

very hardy

Didymochlaena truncatula

Semi-Tropical-Tropical

dull-bright

hardy and adaptable

Doryopteris pedata

Tropical-Temperate

Bright

can be difficult

Drynaria quercifolia

Tropical-Temperate

Bright

hardy

Dryopteris affinis

Dryopteris - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

dull-bright

hardy

Dryopteris filix-mas

Wild Flower Gallery Dryopteris filix-mas

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

dull-bright

hardy

Goniophlebium persicifolium

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Bright

adaptable

Goniophlebium subauriculatum Goniophlebium - The Plant List

Tropical-Temperate

Bright

hardy

Goniophlebium verrucosum

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Bright

difficult

Humata griffithiana

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

Bright

hardy, deciduous

Humata tyermanii

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

Bright

very attractive

Llavea cordifolia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

dull-bright

hardy

Lycopodium phlegmaria Lycopodium - Wikipedia

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Bright

difficult

Lycopodium phlegmaroides

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Bright

difficult

Lycopodium squarrosum

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Bright

difficult

Lygodium flexuosum Lygodium - Wikipedia

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Bright

hardy

Lygodium japonicum

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Bright

hardy

Lygodium microphyllum

Tropical-Temperate

Bright

hardy

Macrothelypteris polypodioides

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Bright

attractive

Microlepia strigosa and cultivars

Tropical-Temperate

 

attractive

Microsorum punctatum and cultivars

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Bright

very hardy

Nephrolepis biserrata Nephrolepis - Wikipedia

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

dull-bright

grows large

Nephrolepis cordifolia and cultivars

Temperate-Tropical

dull-bright

very hardy and adaptable

Nephrolepis exaltata and cultivars

Tropical-Temperate

dull-bright

hardy

Nephrolepis falcata 'Furcans'

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Bright

decorative

Onoclea sensibilis

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Bright

pale colour

Pellaea falcata
Pellaea - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Bright

hardy

Pellaea rotundifolia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Bright

very rewarding

Pellaea viridis

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Bright

difficult

Phlebodium aureum and cultivars

Tropical-Temperate

Bright

hardy

Phymatosorus parksii

Tropical-Temperate

dull-bright

hardy

Polypodium australe and cultivars
Polypodium - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Bright

hardy

Polypodium formosanum

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Bright

popular

Polypodium vulgare and cultivars

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Bright

hardy

Polystichum lentum Polystichum - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Bright

spreading habit

Polystichum retroso-paleaceum

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Bright

shiny fronds

Polystichum tsus-simense

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Bright

upright tussock

Pteris cretica and cultivars Pteris - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Bright

colourful and interesting

Pteris ensiformis and cultivars

Tropical-Temperate

Bright

compact

Pteris tremula

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

Bright

light green fronds

Pyrrosia confluens

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

dull-bright

hardy

Pyrrosia longifolia

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Bright

cold sensitive

Pyrrosia rupestris

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

dull-bright

hardy

Pyrrosia serpens

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

dull-bright

hardy

Rumora adiantiformis

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

dull-bright

very hardy

Sadleria cyatheoides

Tropical-Temperate

Bright

very decorative

Scyhularia pentaphylla

Tropical-Temperate

dull-bright

coarse mix

Scyhularia pycnocarpa

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

dull-bright

coarse mix

Selaginella kraussiana

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

dull-bright

spreading

Stenochlaena palustris

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

dull-bright

adaptable

Tectaria heracleifolia Tectaria - Wikipedia

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

Bright

interesting subject

Woodwardia orientalis Woodwardia - Wikipedia

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

Bright

large

Woodwardia radicans

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

Bright

large

 

Terrarium

Terrariums are mini indoor gardens that are perfect for people who want to decorate their home or office with houseplants, but don't have a lot of time to care for them.

Instructions to make your own terrarium from ehow.com:-

  • Select a glass container. Large jars, compotes or aquariums are all excellent choices for building a terrarium. Make sure to clean it well with hot, soapy water before you start.
  • Next you want to create the terrarium's drainage layer. Layer about an inch of large pea gravel in the bottom of the container. If the container has a narrow opening, create a funnel with the paper, then pour the gravel through the funnel and use a chopstick to move the gravel into place. Add a ½-inch layer of ground charcoal over the gravel.
  • Pour 2 to 3 inches of fresh potting soil over the drainage layer. Use a sterilized soil mix. The soil and drainage layer should take up about 1/4 of the terrarium container's space.
  • Select small plants that all require the same type of care. For example, use all tropical sun-loving or all drought-tolerant plants. Never mix plants with different growing requirements.
  • Think about how you want to place the plants within the container. Taller plants should go in the back of the jar and shorter ones in the front. Dig planting holes in the soil with a chopstick or your hand if it fits through the container's opening.
  • Remove the plants from their containers. Trim off any yellow or brown foliage. Remove any extra soil from around the roots, then tease the roots apart gently, and place the plants into the planting holes. Cover the roots with soil and gently firm the soil around each plant.
  • Water the terrarium after all the plants are in place. Use a funnel to wash the sides of the terrarium as you water.
  • If you created a tropical terrarium, you have the option of covering the jar with a lid or glass dish. This step will seal the environment and create a miniature rain forest. Just be aware that sealed terrariums are at risk of overheating if placed near a sunny window. Skip this step if you used drought tolerant plants, such as cacti and succulents, as it will create too humid an environment for them.
  • Tips and warnings :-
  • Some plants that do well in terrariums are African violets,ferns and hypoestes. Others are listed in the Garden Helper.
  • Moisture will appear on the inside of the jar. Crack the lid for a few hours to allow some moisture to escape.
  • Use very little fertilizer - you want to keep the plants small and not encourage new growth.
  • Don't overwater. The plants will create their own moisture through evaporation. When the sides of the glass are dry and no moisture is evident inside the jar, water sparingly.

From Chapter 21 - Specialized containers and systems of culture, and Appendix 2 of The Encyclopaedia of Ferns An Introduction to Ferns, their Structure, Biology, Economic Importance, Cultivation and Propagation by David L. Jones ISBN 0 88192 054 1:-

The following species are small enough for cultivation in terrariums. Those suitable only for larger terrariums are marked with an *. The list includes creeping ferns as well as those with a clumping growth habit. Some ferns dislike excessive humidity but will succeed well in a drier terrarium. These are indicated under comments.

Species

Region

Comments

Actiniopteris semiflabella

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

excellent

Adiantum capillus-veneris* Adiantum- Flora of North America

Tropical-Temperate

needs lime

Adiantum diaphanum

Tropical-Temperate

excellent, spreading habit

Adiantum hispidulum

Tropical-Temperate

performs well

Adiantum raddianum* and cultivars

Tropical-Temperate

smaller growing cultivars

Adiantum reniforme

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

likes dry atmosphere best

Anarthropteris lanceolata

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

spreading habit

Anogramma chaerophylla

Tropical-Temperate

fast growing, may naturalize

Anogramma leptophylla

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

likes drier atmosphere

Asplenium adiantum-nigrum* Asplenium - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

performs well

Asplenium alternans

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

drier atmosphere, alkaline mix

Asplenium attenuatum

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

likes drier atmosphere

Asplenium aureum

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

clumping

Asplenium capillipes

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

small clump

Asplenium cardiophyllum

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

tiny creeping species

Asplenium ceterach

Temperate

drier atmosphere, alkaline mix

Asplenium cheilosorum

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

creeping habit

Asplenium flabellifolium

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

spreading habit

Asplenium formosum*

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

clumping

Asplenium hookerianum

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

delicate fronds

Asplenium normale

Tropical-Temperate

clumping

Asplenium oligophlebium

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

clumping

Asplenium pekinense

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

small clumps

Asplenium prolongatum

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

tip rooting

Asplenium rhizophyllum

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

needs lime, tip rooting

Asplenium ruprechtii

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

tip rooting

Asplenium ruta-muraria

Temperate

needs lime

Asplenium septentrionale

Temperate

small clumps

Asplenium trichomanes

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

needs lime

Asplenium tripteropus

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

proliferous

Asplenium varians

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

small clump

Asplenium viride

Temperate

needs lime

Blechnum chambersii*
Blechnum - Wikipedia

Temperate

erect clump

Blechnum fluviatile

Temperate

flat clump

Blechnum membranaceum

Temperate

neat grower

Blechnum penna-marina

Temperate

spreading habit

Blechnum spicant and cultivars

Temperate

small clumps

Bolbitis heteroclita form

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

spreading mossy carpet

Callistopteris bauerana

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

finely divided fronds

Cardiomanes reniforme

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

appealing fronds

Cheilanthes argentea
Cheilanthes - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

needs dry atmosphere

Cheilanthes austroteniufolia*

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

spreading, adaptable

Cheilanthes californica

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

needs dry atmosphere

Cheilanthes covillei

Temperate

needs dry atmosphere

Cheilanthes distans

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

spreading, adaptable

Cheilanthes sieberi

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

spreading adaptable

Cystopteris bulbifera

Temperate

may naturalize

Cystopteris fragilis

Temperate

delicate fronds

Diplazium subsinuatum
Diplazium - Wikipedia

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

excellent, distinctive fronds

Diplazium tomitaroanum

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

clumping

Doodia caudata Doodia - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

small clumps

Doryopteris concolor

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

likes drier atmosphere

Doryopteris ludens

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

dry, needs lime

Doryopteris palmata

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

dry, needs lime, difficult

Gymnopteris marantae

Temperate

dry, difficult

Lemmaphyllum accedens

Tropical-Temperate

creeping habit

Lemmaphyllum microphyllum

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

creeping habit

Leptopteris fraseri*

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

needs high humidity

Leptopteris hymeno-phylloides*

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

needs high humidity

Leptopteris superba*

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

needs high humidity

Macroglena caudata

Tropical-Temperate

excellent, needs coarse mix

Nephrolepis exaltata 'Mini Ruffle' Nephrolepis - Wikipedia

Tropical-Temperate

small, ruffled clumps

Notholaena sinuata*
Notholaena - Wikipedia

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

dry

Notholaena standleyi*

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

dry, may need lime

Oenotrichia tripinnata*

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

excellent

Paraceterach muelleri*

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

dry

Paraceterach reynoldsii

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

dry

Pleurosorus rutifolius

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

dry

Pteris ensiformis and cultivars Pteris - Wikipedia

Tropical-Temperate

excellent

Pyrrosia rupestris

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

drier

Pyrossia serpens

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

drier

Quercifilix zeylanica

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

drier

Selaginella australiensis
Selaginella - Wikipedia

Tropical-Temperate

spreading

Selaginella brisbanensis

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

spreading

Selaginella kraussiana

Temperate-Semi-Tropical

spreading

Selaginella longipinna

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

clumping

Selaginella martensii

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

clumping

Selaginella mollis

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

spreading

Selaginella serpens

Tropical-Semi-Tropical

spreading

Selaginella umbrosa

Semi-Tropical-Temperate

clumping

Trichomanes species

Tropical-Temperate

needs high humidity

 

This table section copied from Plant Botanical Index H page
 

Form of Perennials, Annuals, Bulbs, Climbers:-
Mat-forming.
Stems densely cover the ground and the flowers extend above.
Prostrate or Trailing.
Stems spread out on the ground and the flowers are borne close to the foliage.
Cushion or Mound-forming.
Tightly packed stems form a low clump and the flowers are close to the foliage.
Spreading or Creeping.
Stems extend horizontally then ascend, forming a densely packed mass.
Clump-forming.
Leaf-stalks and flower stems arise at ground level to form a dense mass.
Stemless.
Leaf-stalks and flower stems arise at ground level.
Erect or Upright.
Upright stems stand vertical, supporting leaves and the flowers.
Climbing and Scandent.
Long flexible stems are supported by other plants or structures.
Arching.
Long upright stems arch over from the upright towards the ground.

------

What to do about Subsidence caused by Clay? Page explains what to do about trees/shrubs/hedges that may damage the foundations of your property.
What happened to a new building, which was caused by the builder, 6 years after it was built. The new owner was then landed with a large bill. The Builder warranty is first 2 years, then years 3-10 can be covered by NHBC Buildmark.

Most modern houses cannot afford large shrubs, trees or hedges within 10 feet = 120 inches = 300cms of a house wall or a garden wall, so it is best to use:-
Growing Edibles in Containers inside your home,
and
Soft Fruit List with soft fruit bush (Blueberry, Gooseberry, Blackcurrant, Redcurrant, Whitecurrant or Jostaberry) instead of a shrub from the shrub lists provides you with the size of shrub suitable for most current gardens.
The Raspberry may be used as a mini-hedge in the garden to separate areas or against your boundary fences/walls.
The Blackberry, Boysenberry and Tayberry cane climbers can also be used as mini-hedges or to clothe walls/fences/pergolas.
They all provide you with edible fruit. The Soft Fruit Gallery compares colour photographs of some soft fruits,
and
Choosing a top fruit tree or remaining top fruit instead of a tree from the tree list provides you with a plant of a size that is suitable for most current gardens. These trees also produce edible fruit. Further details in these galleries -
Top Fruit Apple, Cherry, Pear
or
You could use 1 of the trees from the Deciduous and Evergreen Trees suitable for Small Gardens.

------

The overall amount of sunlight received depends on aspect, the direction your garden faces:-
North-facing gardens get the least light and can be damp.
South-facing gardens get the most light.
East-facing gardens get morning light.
West-facing gardens get afternoon and evening light.

-----

Acid Site - An acid soil has a pH value below 7.0. Clay soils are usually acid and retentive of moisture, requiring drainage. The addition of grit or coarse sand makes them more manageable. Peaty soil is acidic with fewer nutrients and also requires drainage.
Alkaline Soil - An alkaline soil has a pH value above 7.0. Soils that form a thin layer over chalk restrict plant selection to those tolerant of drought.
Bank / Slope problems include soil erosion, surface water, summer drought and poor access (create path using mattock to pull an earth section 180 degrees over down the slope). Then, stabilise the earth with 4 inches (10cms) depth of spent mushroom compost under the chicken wire; before planting climbers/plants through it.
Cold Exposed Inland Site is an area that is open to the elements and that includes cold, biting winds, the glare of full sun, frost and snow - These plants are able to withstand very low temperatures and those winds in the South of England.

Tree/Shrub Shape:-

columnarshape1a1a1Columnar Tree/Shrub Form

A tree shape designed by nature to be a haven for nesting birds.

ovalshape1a1a1Oval Tree/Shrub Form

 

 

 

roundedshape1a1a1Rounded or Spherical Tree/Shrub Form

 

 

 

flattenedsphericalshape1a1a1Flattened Spherical Tree/Shrub Form

 

 

 

narrowconicalshape1a1a1Narrow Conical/ Narrow Pyramidal Tree/Shrub Form.
These are neat and shapely, thus being trees for the tidy gardener. The narrowness of the tree means that bands of dense shade sweep across the garden - never creating dense shade in one area all day.

broadconicalshape1a1a1Broad Conical/ Broad Pyramidal Tree/Shrub Form.

These are neat and shapely, thus being trees for the tidy gardener.

eggshapedshape1a1a1Ovoid/ Egg-Shaped Tree/Shrub Shape

 

 

 

broadovoidshape1a1a1Broad Ovoid Tree/Shrub Shape

Broad-headed trees usually cast a large area of light dappled shade and have broad spreading branches so loved by birds and animals.

-----

Surface soil moisture is the water that is in the upper 10 cm (4 inches) of soil, whereas root zone soil moisture is the water that is available to plants, which is generally considered to be in the upper 200 cm (80 inches) of soil:-
Wet Soil has Saturated water content of 20-50% water/soil and is Fully saturated soil.
Moist Soil has Field capacity of 10-35% water/soil and is Soil moisture 2–3 days after a rain or irrigation.
Dry Soil has Permanent wilting point of 1-25% water/soil and is Minimum soil moisture at which a plant wilts.
Residual water content of 0.1-10% water/soil and is Remaining water at high tension.
Available Water Capacity for plants is the difference between water content at field capacity and permanent wilting point.

-----

Dust and Pollution Barrier - Plants with large horizontal leaves are particularly effective in filtering dust from the environment, with mature trees being capable of filtering up to 70% of dust particles caused by traffic. Plants can also help offset the pollution effects of traffic. 20 trees are needed to absorb the carbon dioxide produced by 1 car driven for 60 miles.
Front of Border / Path Edges - Soften edges for large masses of paving or lawn with groundcover plants. Random areas Within Paths can be planted with flat-growing plants. Other groundcover plants are planted in the Rest of Border.

Tree/Shrub Shape:-

invertedovoidshape1a1a1Narrow Vase-Shaped/ Inverted Ovoid Tree/Shrub Shape

 

 

fanshaped1a1a1aFan-Shaped/ Vase-Shaped Tree/Shrub Shape

 

 

 

broadfanshapedshape1a1a1Broad Fan-Shaped/ Broad Vase-Shaped Tree/Shrub Shape

Broad-headed trees usually cast a large area of light dappled shade and have broad spreading branches so loved by birds and animals.

narrowweepingshape1a1a1Narrow Weeping Tree/Shrub Shape

Very useful for children to use as a secret den. The narrowness of the tree means that bands of dense shade sweep across the garden - never creating dense shade in one area all day.

broadweepingshape1a1a1Broad Weeping Tree/Shrub Shape

 

 

 

Single-stemmed Palm, Cycad, or similar tree Tree/Shrub Shape

Multi-stemmed Palm, Cycad, or similar Tree Tree/Shrub Shape

-----

Other uses of plants:-
Crevices Garden Use
Hanging Basket Use
Large Leaves Use
Pollution Barrier 1, 2 Use
Rock Garden Use
Thorny Hedge Use
Trees for Lawns Use
Windbreak Use
Non-Tree Plants in Woodland Use
Gardens by the Bay is the place to find perfect companions for all your bulbs, perennials and ornamental grasses.

-----

Sun Aspect:-
Full Sun: At least 6 full hours of direct sunlight. Many sun lovers enjoy more than 6 hours per day, but need regular water to endure the heat.
Part Shade: 3 - 6 hours of sun each day, preferably in the morning and early afternoon. The plant will need some relief from the intense late afternoon sun, either from shade provided by a nearby tree or planting it on the east side of a building.
Dappled Sun - DS in Part Shade Column: Dappled sunlight is similar to partial shade. It is the sun that makes its way through the branches of a deciduous tree. Woodland plants and underplantings prefer this type of sunlight over even the limited direct exposure they would get from partial shade.
Full Shade: Less than 3 hours of direct sunlight each day, with filtered sunlight during the rest of the day. Full shade does not mean no sun.

-----

Seaside Plants that deal with salt-carrying gales and blown sand; by you using copious amounts of compost and thick mulch to conserve soil moisture.
Sound Barrier - The sound waves passing through the plant interact with leaves and branches, some being deflected and some being turned into heat energy. A wide band of planting is necessary to achieve a large reduction in the decibel level.
Wind Barrier - By planting a natural windbreak you will create a permeable barrier that lets a degree of air movement pass through it and provide shelter by as far as 30 times their height downwind.
Woodland ground cover under the shade of tree canopies.

 

 

This table copied from Plant Botanical Index Plant Use and Flower Shape Page.

PLANT USE AND FLOWER SHAPE GALLERY PAGES

 

This Gallery compares the use and flower shape of plants in this website combined with those already compared in
Bedding, Bulb, Evergreen Perennial, Herbaceous Perennial and Roses pages as linked to in the table at the end of this page.
 

PLANTS FLOWER SHAPE GALLERY PAGES

lessershapemeadowrue2a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

alliumcflohaireasytogrowbulbs1a1a1a1a

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14c2a1a1a1a1a1

irisflotpseudacorus1a1a1a1a1a1

aethionemacfloarmenumfoord1a2a1a1a1a

anemonecflo1hybridafoord1a2a1a1a1a

anemonecflo1blandafoord1a1a1a1a1a

Number of Flower Petals

Petal-less

1

2

3

4

5

Above 5

 

anthericumcfloliliagofoord1a1a1a1a1a1a

alliumcflo1roseumrvroger1a1a1a1

geraniumflocineremuballerina1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

paeoniamlokosewitschiiflot1a1a1a1a1a1a

paeoniaveitchiiwoodwardiiflot1a1a1a1a1a

acantholinumcflop99glumaceumfoord2

stachysflotmacrantha1a1a1a1a1a1

Flower Shape - Simple

Stars with Single Flowers

Bowls

Cups and Saucers

Globes

Goblets and Chalices

Trumpets

Funnels

 

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Rose Petal Count from Rose Use Gallery
 

Single:
1-7 Petals

Semi-Double:
8-15 Petals
 

Flower Shape - Simple

Bells

Thimbles

Urns

Salver-form

Double:
Page 1
,
Page 2
16-25 Petals

Full:
26-40 Petals

Very Full:
40+ Petals

 

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Flower Shape - Elabor-ated

Tubes, Lips and Straps

Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

Hats, Hoods and Helmets

Stan-dards, Wings and Keels

Discs and Florets

Pin-Cushions

Tufts and Petal-less Cluster

 

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Rose Bloom Shape from Rose Use Gallery

High-Centred,

Cupped,
 

Flower Shape - Elabor-ated

Cushion

Umbel

Buttons with Double Flowers

Pompoms

Stars with Semi-Double Flowers

Flat,

Globular,
 

Pompon,

Rosette

 

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Natural Arrange-ments

Bunches, Posies and Sprays (Group)

Columns, Spikes and Spires

Whorls, Tiers and Cande-labra

Plumes and Tails

Chains and Tassels

Clouds, Garlands and Cascades

Sphere, Dome (Clusters), Drumstick and Plate

Plant Use

BEDDING OUT and Bedding Out of Roses

BEDDING for Filling In

BEDDING for Screening

BEDDING for Pots and Troughs

BEDDING in Window Boxes

BEDDING in Hanging Baskets

BEDDING Foliage

BEDDING
Spring

Summer

Winter

Foliage Only

Other Than Green Foliage
 

Trees in Lawn

Trees in Small Gardens
 

Wildflower Garden

Attract Bird Attract Butterfly 1, 2
 

Climber on House Wall

Climber not on House Wall

Climber in Tree

Rabbit-Resistant

Wood-land

Pollution Barrier

Part Shade

Full Shade

Single Flower provides Pollen for Bees
1
, 2, 3

Ground-Cover
<60
cm
60-180cm
>180cm

Hedge

Wind-swept

Covering Banks

Patio Pot

Edging Borders

Back of Border

Poisonous

Adjacent to Water

Bog Garden

Tolerant of Poor Soil

Winter-Flowering
 

Fragrant

Not Fragrant

Exhibition

Standard Plant is 'Ball on Stick'

Upright Branches or Sword-shaped leaves

Plant to Prevent Entry to Human or Animal

Tolerant of Coastal Con-ditions

Tolerant on North-facing Wall

Cut Flower

Potted Veg Outdoors

Potted Veg Indoors
 

Thornless

Raised Bed Outdoors Veg
 

Grow in Alkaline Soil A-F, G-L, M-R, S-Z

Grow in Acidic Soil

Grow in Any Soil

Grow in Rock Garden

Grow Bulbs Indoors

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