Flower. Photo from Christine Foord

Click on photos from Rockstone Garden where bulbs have been planted in the lawn

Foliage. Photo from Christine Foord

See photo from Colorblends

Form. Photo from Christine Foord

See photo from Botanical Square

See photos from Robs Plants

Plant Name

Tulipa humilis 'Violacea' 15E10MC

Division 15 - Species Tulips and their Cultivars, flowering Early-season, height 10 inches and Multi-Colour flower.

See Introduction for further explaination of above Tulip Classification Code

'Violacea' is is a naturally occuring variant of T. humilis, this variant having been discovered in Kurdistan. It is a dwarf botanical, called a crocus-tulip because of its ultra-short stature and early bloom.

Common Name

The Red Crocus Tulip


Thin soil over Chalk or Sand

Sun Aspect

Full Sun

Soil Moisture


Plant Type


Height x Spread in inches (cms)
(1 inch = 2.5 cms,
12 inches = 1 foot = 30 cms,
24 inches = 2 feet,
3 feet = 1 yard,
40 inches = 100 cms)

10 x 6 (25 x 15)


Glaucous Grey-Green

Flower Colour in Month(s). Fruit

Violet-Purple with Yellow or Blue-Black basal marks in March-April


Upright Stemless Form. Miscellaneous Group Hybrid tulip suitable for a rock garden. Keep dry in summer dormancy.

"Humilis varieties of tulip flower from mid-March through April, all small but spectacular, with goblet-shaped flowers. They are all easy to grow, excellent for pots and look ideal mixed with other mid-spring delicate bulbs such as anemones and the smaller fritillaries in a border.

Don't plant tulip bulbs until the cold weather has set in during the Autumn - this helps wipe out viral and fungal diseases. Leave the browning foliage on your tulips until every leaf has died right down - this allows the bulb to store more food.

Tulips make supreme cut flowers. Strip the bottom leaves, tie the stems in paper and soak for 8 hours. This helps keep the stems straight." from Sarah Raven's Kitchen & Garden.

" 'Violacea' from different bulb producers have an unusually broad variation in habit & appearance, though few of the varied clones have been given individual names. The one shown on this page we have designed 'Violacea #1' but we have a another that is very different from another grower, so we've given it a separate page as 'Violacea #2.' We have a third clone of 'Violacea' which is again quite different in bloom-time, size, & appearance, but that one has been blessed with its own name, 'Persian Pearl.'

'Violacea #1' grows along a rockery ledge in full morning sun near the base of a hawthorn tree & alongside dwarf reticulated irises. It is four or at most five inches (10-12.5 cms) tall, which despite such smallness is nevertheless a bit bigger than 'Violacea #2.' It's fat bright electric fuchsia-pink buds are showy by mid-February, as shown in the first photo. These buds became bigger & bigger but remain globe-shaped & never really opened all the way, as shown in the second photo from early March. 'Violacea #2' does not bloom quite this early, but it produces its leaves first; when the leaves of 'Violacea #1' emerge, the already-pink bud pokes out of the ground at the same time." from Paghat.


Tulipa humilis puchella 'Violacea Black Base' is available from Pottertons Nursery , Kevock Garden Plants and Sarah Raven's Kitchen & Garden

Wooden Shoe Tulip Farm in America



Single Flower. Photo from Christine Foord

Flowers. Photo from Kevock Garden Plants


Site Map of pages with content (o)



.Other Colours

Other Colour


(o)1 Single Early
(o)2 Double Early
(o)3 Triumph
(o)4 Darwin Tulips and Darwin Hybrids
(o)5 Single Late
(o)6 Lily-flowered
7 Fringed
8 Viridiflora
9 Rembrandt
10 Parrot
11 Double Late
12 Kaufmanniana
13 Fosteriana
14 Greigii
(o)15 Species
16 Multiflowering
17 Breeder
18 Flamed
19 Feathered

Seed Colour

(o) Garden

(o)Early Season/ March
(o)Mid Season/ April
(o)Late Season/ May






Website Structure Explanation and User Guidelines









7 Flower Colours per Month in Colour Wheel below in BULB, CORM, RHIZOME and TUBER GALLERY.

Click on Black or White box in Colour of Month.


Tulip - a plant with a large, brightly coloured, bell-shaped flower on a stem that grows from a bulb, or the flower itself.


Besides the above Bulb Flower Colour Comparison Pages, you also have the following Comparison Pages:-
...Bulb Flower Shape -
7 pages of Number of Petals ...... 5 petals,
23 pages of Flower Shape ......... Stars and
7 pages of Natural Arrangements Drumstick

...Bulb Form
7 pages of Bulb Form ...Clump-forming
...Bulb Use
33 pages of Bulb Use ...Mass Planting,
Grow in Patio Pot and
Use in Coastal Conditions
...Bulb Preferred Soil

5 pages of Soil preferred by Bulb ...Chalk

BULB, CORM, RHIZOME AND TUBER INDEX - There are over 700 bulbs in the bulb galleries. The respective flower thumbnail, months of flowering, height and width, foliage thumbnail, form thumbnail use and comments are in the relevant index page below:-
(o): A
(o): B
(o): C
(o): D
(o): E
(o): F
(o): G
(o): H
(o): I
....: J
....: K
(o): L
(o): M
(o): N
(o): O
(o): P
....: Q
....: R
(o): S
(o): T
....: U
(o): V
....: W
(o): XYZ








A tulip classification code can be created as follows:-

Division Number, Flowering Season, Height in inches and Main Flower Colour.

So Tulipa 'Apeldoorn' 4L24R is:-

  • Division 4
  • Late Season Flowering
  • 24 inches high and
  • Red is Main Colour

Elegant Tulip Bulbs has lists of tulips in the following colours:-

  • Cream - C
  • Green - G
  • Orange - O
  • Multi-colour - MC
  • Pink - PI
  • Purple - PU
  • Red - R
  • Salmon - S
  • Violet - V
  • White - W
  • Yellow - Y
  • Other Colours - apricot, black, bronze, brown, blue, maroon, vermilion - OC

See Introduction Page for details on Tulipa Divisions

In the Index below there are

  • 6 tulips with their own tulip description page (Comparison pages with these tulips change to their description page when the middle of their thumbnail is clicked) and
  • 16 which are detailed with a photo and description in the correct Tulipa Division Comparison Page (comparison pages with these tulips change to the Division Page for that tulip when the middle of its thumbnail is clicked, and its description is within a row in the data table in the middle)

Bulb, Corm, Rhizome or Tuber Name

Flower Colour with
Flower Thumbnail

What colors do Tulips come in?


Form Thumbnail

Height x Width in inches (cms) -
1 inch = 2.5 cms,
12 inches = 1 foot,
36 inches = 3 feet = 1 yard,
40 inches = 100 cms

Foliage Colour with Foliage Thumbnail

Bulb Use


Tulipa Division 1: Single Early

'Brilliant Star',
'Couleur Cardinal',
'General De Wet'
(Emperor's Crown)

'Couleur Cardinal' 1M24R







Tulipa Division 2: Double Early

'Murillo Maxima',
'Orange Nassau'
'Peach Blossom'







Tulipa Division 3: Triumph

'Garden Party',







Tulipa Division 4: Darwin Tulips

'Sweet Harmony',
'Clara Butt',
'Queen of Bartignons',
'Paul Richter',
'Bleu Aimable' and
'Queen of Night'

'Bleu Aimable' 4M22PU


'Queen of Night' 4L24PU






Tulipa Division 4: Darwin Hybrids
The Darwin Hybrids have become the most important tulip class for garden and landscape use in the United States.

Tulipa 'Apeldoorn' 4L24R




After flowering dead-head and apply a balanced liquid fertiliser each week for the first month. Once the foliage has died down naturally lift the bulbs and store in a cool greenhouse.

24 x 6
(60 x 15)



Darwin Group Hybrid tulip suitable for bedding, naturalizing, pots and good for cut flowers.

Upright, Stemless Form. This can be planted with wall flowers (Erysimum cheiri or Cheiranthus) and Anemone to give a long flowering and beautiful spring display unsurpassed in colour and scent.

'Beauty of Apeldoorn',
'Big Chief',
'Holland's Glory',
'Jewel of Spring',
'Red Matador'

'Beauty of Apeldoorn' 4L24MC


'Jewel of Spring' 4M20Y






Tulipa Division 5: Single Late

'Blushing Bride',
'Elsie Eloff',







Tulipa Division 6: Lily-flowered

'China Pink',
'Queen of Sheba',
'Red Shine',
'West Point'
'White Triumpator'

'White Triumph-ator' 6L26W







Tulipa Division 7: Fringed (Crispa)

'Burgundy Lace',
'Cool Crystal',
'Fringed Elegance',
'Sensual Touch'
'Sunset Miami'

'Daytona' 7L20W







Tulipa Division 8: Viridiflora

'China Town',
'Flaming Spring Green',
'Golden Artist,
'Green Star',
'Night Rider',
'Spring Green'

'Flaming Spring Green' 8L20MC


'Spring Green' 8L20MC


'Virichic' 8L18MC





Tulipa Division 9: Rembrandt

'Cordell Hull'







Tulipa Division 10: Parrot

'Black Parrot',
'Blue Parrot

'Black Parrot' 10L20MC


'Blue Parrot' 10M12MC






Tulipa Division 11: Double Late or Peony-flowered

'Gerbrand Kieft'
'Mount Tacoma'

'Angelique' 11L14MC







Tulipa Division 12: Kaufmanniana

'Alfred Cortot',
'Cesar Franck',
'Fritz Kreisler',
'Heart's Delight',
'The First'

'Stresa' 12M12MC







Tulipa Division 13: Fosteriana (Emperor)

'Golden Eagle',
'Madame Lefeber',
'Albert Heijn',
'Apricot Emperor',
'Exotic Emperor',
'Flaming Purissima',
'Orange Emperor',
'Red Emperor',
'Sweet Sixteen',
'White Emperor' and
'Yellow Purissima'

'Purissima' 13E16W


'Yellow Purissima' 13E16Y






Tulipa Division 14: Greigii

Margaret Herbst',
'Oriental Splendour'
'Red Riding Hood'







Tulipa Division 15: Species (Botanical)
Wild or species tulips are perennials. Under optimal conditions, they will come back year after year and usually increase in numbers. They are less vulnerable to stormy spring weather, and their generally short stems don't bend in strong winds.Their flowers usually remain closed through the morning or on cloudy days, showing only the outside color of the petals. When warmed by the sun, they open to reveal another petal color on the inside. It's like having two different flowers in the same space at once.

Tulipa batalinii 15M15Y

Pale Yellow


April, May


15 x 6
(37.5 x 15)

Grey-green with wavy red margins


Grow in rock garden and keep dry in the summer dormancy.

Upright and Stemless Forms with star-shaped flowers.
Tulipa batalinii is a native of Soviet Central Asia where it grows on stony hillsides.

Tulipa tarda 15M6MC

White with Yellow


April, May


6 x 6
(15 x 15)

Shiny bright green


Grow in rock garden and keep dry in the summer.

Stemless Form.
This little gem is a dwarf, clump-forming species, bearing star-shaped, deep orange flowers with the petals tipped with cream and marked on the back red and green.

Tulipa turkestanica 15E12W



March, April


12 x 6
(30 x 15)



Suitable for a rock garden. Keep dry in summer dormancy.

Upright and Stemless Forms with star-shaped flowers.

Readily self-seeds and naturalizes an area.

Tulipa urumiensis 15M6Y



April, May


6 x 6
(15 x 15)

Glaucous Mid-Green


Tulip suitable for a rock garden. Keep dry in summer dormancy.
Good for the front of borders. Good in pots mixed with grape hyacinths.

Upright and Stemless Forms, slightly fragrant, star-shaped flowers.
Needs well drained, preferably neutral to alkaline soil in sun.
It likes best prairie conditions of damp springs & dry summers.

It certainly can naturalize if given an ideal location in full sun and not too damp during dormancy. If conditions don't quite permit it to naturalize, it will at least perennialize, returning each spring for many years.

Tulipa violacea 15E10MC



March, April


10 x 6
(25 x 15)

Glaucous Grey-Green


Suitable for a rock garden. Keep dry in summer dormancy. Excellent for potsand look ideal mixed with other mid-spring delicate bulbs such as anemones and the smaller fritillaries in a border.

Tulips make supreme cut flowers. Strip the bottom leaves, tie the stems in paper and soak for 8 hours. This helps keep the stems straight.

Upright and Stemless Form with goblet-shaped flowers.

acuminata ,
many others as detailed in
The Tulip by Anna Pavord. Published 1999 by Bloomsbury Publishing Plc. ISBN
0 7475 4296 1







Tulipa Division 16: Multiflowering

'Candy Club'
'Happy Family'







English Florist Tulipa Division 17: Breeder

"Flames and Feathers

Wakefield and North of England Tulip Society  April 2012

Paperback 128pp  16.5 x 22.5 cm

Colour photographs

A new publication produced by the Wakefield and North of England Tulip Society. This is a comprehensive guide for all those interested in growing and showing English Florist's Tulips and is a significant update on the society's previous publications. The book includes many new colour photographs to aid identification and also has sections on the history of the society, science and art. An attractive new feature is the timeline that runs through the whole book outlining notable people and events in the society's history."

Publication by Wakefield and North of England Tulip Society -
The Wakefield and North of England Tulip Society is along established floral society with a tradition of growing English Florists' Tulips or Old English Tulips.
An Old Tulip Tradition
Today only one society remains specialising in tulips, the Wakefield and North of England Tulip Society dating from 1836, and is one of the oldest florist's societies.

Shows & Events
The Annual Show is held in the Wakefield Area each year, and open to the public. As well as the classes for English Florists' Tulips, there is a section for Dutch Tulips.


English Florist Tulipa Division 18: Flamed








English Florist Tulipa Division 19: Feathered









"In horticulture, tulips are divided up into fifteen groups (Divisions) mostly based on flower morphology and plant size:-

  • Division 1: Single early – with cup-shaped single flowers, no larger than 8 cm across (3 inches). They bloom early to mid season. Growing 15 to 45 cm (6-18 inches) tall.
  • Division 2: Double early – with fully double flowers, bowl shaped to 8 cm across. Plants typically grow from 30–40 cm (12-16inches) tall. They bloom in mid season.
  • Division 3: Triumph – single, cup shaped flowers up to 6 cm wide. Plants grow 35–60 cm (14-24 inches) tall and bloom mid to late season. Originally the result of hybridization between cultivars of the Single early group and the Single late group.
  • Division 4: Darwin hybrid – single flowers are ovoid in shape and up to 8 cm wide. Plants grow 50–70 cm (20-28 inches) tall and bloom mid to late season. This group should not be confused with older Darwin tulips, which belong in the Single Late Group below. Originally the result of hybridization between cultivars of the Darwin group with Tulipa fosteriana, and the result of hybridization between other cultivars and botanical tulips have habits similar to that of the T. fosteriana, but which lack the other characteristics of the wild species.
  • Division 5: Single late – cup or goblet-shaded flowers up to 8 cm wide, some plants produce multi-flowering stems. Plants grow 45–75 cm (18-30 inches)tall and bloom late season. This group includes such tulips as those from the former Darwin and Cottage groups.
  • Division 6: Lily-flowered - the flowers possess a distinct narrow 'waist' with pointed and reflexed petals. Plants grow to 50-65cm (20-26 inches (15 cms)) tall and bloom late season. Previously included with the old Darwins, only becoming a group in their own right in 1958.
  • Division 7: Fringed (Crispa) - the flowers have sharply fringed petals. Plants grow up to 80cm (32 inches) tall and bloom late season.
  • Division 8: Viridiflora - these are known as green tulips and are distinguished by having distinct green streaks on their petals. Plants grow to 80cm (32 inches) tall and bloom late season.
  • Division 9: Rembrandt - these are affected by a harmless virus, which causes the flower colours to streak into striped or blotchy patterns. Plants grow to 80cm (32 inches) tall and bloom late.
  • Division 10: Parrot - these have large flowers with frilled and/or twisted petals. Many are bi-coloured. Plants grow to 80 cm (32 inches) tall and bloom late.
  • Division 11: Double late or Peony-flowered - these have large, fully double, rather squat flowers up to 12cm (5inches) wide. Plants grow to 40-60 cm (16-24 inches) tall and bloom late.
  • Division 12: Kaufmanniana - these have waterlily-like flowers, which open out flat to 6cm (2.5 inches) wide; are usually bi-coloured and the leaves of some are striped or mottled with reddish- or brownish- purple. Plants grow to 10-25cm (4-10 inches) tall and bloom early.
  • Division 13: Fosteriana (Emperor) - their flowers are slender when closed up, opening to 18-20cm (7-8 inches) wide in full sun and have a flower colour ranging from scarlet to yellow or white. Plants grow to 20-40cm (8-16 inches) and blooms in mid season.
  • Division 14: Greigii - these have flowers which are large and brightly coloured with their leaves having wavy edges and bold purple-brown or maroon stripes. Plants grow to 20-30cm (8-12 inches) tall, but some up to 50cm (20 inches) and bloom in mid season.
  • Division 15: Species (Botanical) - this group covers a wide range of flower colours, shapes and sizes, to make up this division. Most are smaller and more delicate in appearance than the modern hybrids, but are nevertheless equally hardy.
  • Division 16: Multiflowering – not an official division, these tulips belong in the first 15 divisions but are often listed separately because they have multiple blooms per bulb.

They may also be classified by their flowering season:-

  • Early flowering: Single Early Tulips, Double Early Tulips, Greigii Tulips, Kaufmanniana Tulips, Fosteriana Tulips, Species Tulips. Early season is March and early April.
  • Mid-season flowering: Darwin Hybrid Tulips, Triumph Tulips, Parrot Tulips. Mid season is April and early May.
  • Late season flowering: Single Late Tulips, Double Late Tulips, Viridiflora Tulips, Lily-flowering Tulips, Fringed Tulips, Rembrandt Tulips. Late season is May.

" from Wikipedia.

Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677


Site design and content copyright ©April 2012.
Page structure amended November 2012.

Bulb Menus updated May 2018.

Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.  


It is popular to restore gardens with heirloom flower bulbs that may have been included in one's grandparent's gardens. The varieties of heirloom flower bulbs included in this listing all predate the 1930s and are horticulturally viable.


"Getting Tulips to Last

For a start, you need to be in USDA Zone 7 or colder. Next, keep them dry in summer (as in their native homes). Try planting a few where you never water-or near a thirsty shrub or tree-and see how well they return.

Beyond that, basics include well-drained soil, good sun, regular fertilizing, and letting the foliage ripen to yellow. Some authorities recommend deep planting (to 12 inches), especially in the South, but six to eight inches is usually deep enough.

Another age-old method involves digging them up every summer, storing them in a cool, dry spot, and replanting them in the fall. This also allows you to increase your stock by separating the offset bulbs.

Some varieties simply last better, such as the single earlies, species, single lates, and lily-flowereds. In general, old varieties perennialize better because they were bred for gardens rather than as commercial pot flowers or for the cut-flower trade, as most modern tulips have been." from Horticulture Magazine -
Without gardeners, there are no gardens. Horticulture is dedicated to celebrating the passion of avid gardeners, who take delight not just in gardens but in garden-making. Our informative, engaging writing and brilliant photography enables gardeners to create spaces that make them proud, beautify their hometowns and provide a gathering place for family and friends.
But Horticulture is more than a print magazine that has been in continuous publication for more than 100 years. It’s a thriving community of gardeners who are passionate about sharing their collective wisdom with like-minded souls across the United States and around the world. Between print editions, these CoHorts (as we call ourselves) are in constant connection on Facebook and Twitter, participating in conversations in the HortMag.com forum and sharing updates on the blogs (The Editors’ Blog, The Gardening Blog).
In print and online, we cultivate and nurture the gardening community by spotlighting noteworthy gardeners, gardens and nurseries across the country, and providing unparalleled information on exceptional plants, inspirational garden designs and the gardening products and accessories gardeners want and need.
Get Your Free Guide: Expert Advice on Container Gardening in Small Spaces
Learn how to use containers for emphasis in your garden beds or hardscape, and how to grow edibles, as well as flowers in containers, in this downloadable eBook from the editors of Horticulture.

"Tulips are spring-blooming perennials that grow from bulbs. Depending on the species, tulip plants can grow as short as 4 inches (10 cm) or as high as 28 inches (71 cm). The tulip's large flowers usually bloom on scapes or subscapose stems that lack bracts. Most tulips produce only one flower per stem, but a few species bear multiple flowers on their scapes (e.g. Tulipa turkestanica). The showy, generally cup- or star-shaped tulip flower has three petals and three sepals, which are often termed tepals because they are nearly identical. These six tepals are often marked near the bases with darker colorings. Tulip flowers come in a wide variety of colors, except pure blue (several tulips with "blue" in the name have a faint violet hue)." from Wikipedia.


Elegant Tulip Bulbs provides a great deal of information about tulips.


"When you shop for bulbs, you'll see some labeled as "good for naturalizing." This means that they can be counted on to come up year after year, and spread informally throughout your garden.
This list of spring- and summer-flowering bulbs:-

are reliably perennial in habit. Plant bulbs in autumn." from The Old Farmer's Almanac in America.


"Flower Bulb Research Program
50 years of flowerbulb research in North America
2015 marks 50 years of flower bulb research in the U.S. To celebrate this anniversary, Anthos, the Dutch flower bulb exporters association, has published a commemorative book that traces the program through the earliest days at Michigan State University to the present at Cornell.
Download the book. [3.6 MB .pdf]

Forcing research

• Potted lilies
Potted tulips
• Potted hyacinth
• Potted narcissus
• Cut lilies
Cut tulips
• Calla Lilies
• Specialty bulbs


• Cooling & Forcing New 
Muscari Cultivars
• Timing Tools for
Hybrid Lilies

In the landscape

• Updated: Bulbs and vole damage
• Lily perenialization
• Bulb and Perennial Combinations
• Flower bulb labyrinth
• Bluegrass Lane Perennials
• BGL Perennial List [.pdf]
• Right perennial, right place
• Bluegrass Lane Annuals
• Deer-resistant plant list - From Mohonk Mountain House

iBulb - This foundation focuses on funding activities important to the Dutch flower bulb sector: promotion, technical research and market access. It was started by Anthos in 2012.

Cornell Floriculture Field Day -- Mark your calendars: August 8, 2018. Programs for floriculture professionals. View annual and perennial flower trials." by Cornell University.

Functional combinations in the border from the International Flower Bulb Centre in Holland:-

"Here is a list of the perennials shown by research to be the best plants to accompany various flower bulbs. The flower bulbs were tested over a period of years in several perennial borders that had been established for at least three years.

In combination with hyacinths:

In combination with tulips:

In combination with narcissi:

For narcissi, the choice was difficult to make. The list contains only some of the perennials that are very suitable for combining with narcissi. In other words, narcissi can easily compete with perennials.

In combination with specialty bulbs:


There are other pages on Plants which bloom in each month of the year in this website:-






"Tulips normally are planted in home gardens for color and form, but about 15 to 20 percent of all varieties have the added bonus of being fragrant as well," said Jo-Anne van den Berg-Ohms, the fourth-generation owner of John Scheepers Beauty from Bulbs in Bantam, Connecticut.
Their scent varies, she said.
"It's not strong or overpowering. Rather, it's a sweet, lingering fragrance that floats on the spring air," she said.

Most fragrant tulip varieties are orange or apricot in color, van den Berg-Ohms said, and they're sprinkled through all of the species divisions, from heirlooms to the more familiar, modern-day hybrids.

"If you're interested in their fragrance, plant them in places that are traveled that time of year, especially near walkways," she said. "Take advantage of the fragrant varieties rather than planting them out in more distant areas."

Cutting gardens would be perfect, she said, although there is one downside: "They really would have to be considered annuals then." That's because cutting off a tulip's foliage during or shortly after it blooms also cuts off its energy supply. That all but eliminates any chance it will flower for another season.

"You may experience their fragrance lots more indoors as potted bulbs and cut flowers than you do out of doors, where the scent can disperse," said Sally Ferguson, a spokeswoman for the flower bulb company Colorblends.com. "Probably some of this has to do with temperature.

"A single pot of 'T. Monte Carlo' will scent an entire room indoors," Ferguson said. "Same is true for a few cut stems of 'Prinses Irene'."

Scott Kunst, owner and head gardener at Old House Gardens in Ann Arbor, Michigan, said few of his customers know much about the floral fragrance of tulips, although he includes information about them in his catalogs every year.

"Fragrance is not a trait anyone is breeding for in tulips today, and it's elusive," said Kunst, who specializes in heirloom bulbs.

Among his favorites: Prince of Austria, Apricot Beauty, Generaal de Wet, Orange Favorite, Prinses Irene, Willem van Oranje, Peach Blossom, Florentine and Elegans Alba.

Some other fragrant varieties are the cherry-red miniature species Little Beauty, the double early tomato red Abba, the ivory yellow Montreaux, the unusually colored Salmon Pearl, the peony-like Black Hero and the rose-colored single late tulip variety dubbed Temple of Beauty." from Stop and smell the tulips; Some varieties, anyway by The Times


"List of Award of Garden Merit tulips
The following is a list of tulip species and cultivars which have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. They are bulbous perennials, originally from sunny, open habitats in Europe and Asia. Thousands of cultivars are available in a huge range of sizes, shapes and colours (other than pure blue). They are usually sold as bulbs to be planted in autumn and winter for flowering in mid- to late spring. They are frequently treated as bedding plants, accompanied by other seasonal favourites such as wallflowers and forget-me-nots, flowering for one season before being discarded. However, in favoured locations they can be left in the ground to re-appear the following and subsequent years. Like many other bulbous plants they require a hot, dry dormant period in the summer" from Wikipedia.


"The Bulb Lasagna Method
Bulb lasagna or bulb layering is a technique of layering bulbs in containers that will produce a miniature bulb display next spring. By choosing a variety of bulbs that all bloom within a few weeks of each other you can create continuous blooms for nearly two months.
The most important consideration in creating a bulb lasagna is choosing a container that is both wide enough and deep enough. For example, a 10-inch deep container can only hold two layers of bulbs and a 14-inch deep container will hold three layers of bulbs. Choose bulbs that grow to different heights to create a more interesting spring display. For example, a classic combination is tulips, daffodils and grape hyacinth. Avoid planting bulbs too close to the sides of the pot. Bulbs perform better in groupings - read the planting depth instructions on the bulb packaging when designing your layered container garden to ensure that your plan will work with the container you’ve chosen.
To layer, first place a layer of gravel across the bottom of the container, then apply a thick layer of potting soil mixed with bulb food. Place the first layer of bulbs in the pot and cover with a layer of soil. Continue layering. Cover the top layer of bulbs with a final layer of soil, as if you were planting outdoors.
Water thoroughly, then let the fall rains take over. And anticipate a beautiful spring!" from Molbak.









Number of Flower Petals







Above 5








Flower Shape - Simple

Stars with Single Flowers


Cups and Saucers


Goblets and Chalices











Flower Shape - Simple
















Flower Shape - Elabor-ated

Tubes, Lips and Straps

Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

Hats, Hoods and Helmets

Stan-dards, Wings and Keels

Discs and Florets


Tufts and Petal-less Cluster









Flower Shape - Elabor-ated



Buttons with Double Flowers


Stars with Semi-Double Flowers











Natural Arrange-ments

Bunches, Posies and Sprays (Group)

Columns, Spikes and Spires

Whorls, Tiers and Cande-labra

Plumes and Tails

Chains and Tassels

Clouds, Garlands and Cascades

Sphere, Dome (Clusters), Drumstick and Plate










Bulbs in Cultivation
including vital bulb soil preparation from

Bulbs for Small Garden by E.C.M. Haes. Published by Pan Books in 1967:-

Bulbs in the Small Garden with Garden Plan and its different bulb sections

A choice of Outdoor Bulbs

False Bulbs

Bulbs Indoors

Bulb Calendar

Planting Times and Depth


Bulb Form


Prostrate or Trailing

Cushion or Mound-forming

Spreading or Creeping


Stemless. Sword-shaped Leaves

Erect or Upright

Bulb Use

Other than Only Green Foliage

Bedding or Mass Planting


, 2

Tolerant of Shade

In Woodland Areas


Tolerant of Poor Soil

Covering Banks

In Water

Beside Stream or Water Garden

Coastal Conditions

Edging Borders

Back of Border or Back-ground Plant

Fragrant Flowers

Not Fragrant Flowers

Indoor House-plant

Grow in a Patio Pot
, 2

Grow in an Alpine Trough

Grow in an Alpine House

Grow in Rock Garden

Speciman Plant

Into Native Plant Garden

Naturalize in Grass

Grow in Hanging Basket

Grow in Window-box

Grow in Green-house

Grow in Scree



Natural-ized Plant Area

Grow in Cottage Garden

Attracts Butter-flies

Attracts Bees

Resistant to Wildlife

Bulb in Soil

Chalk 1, 2


Sand 1, 2

Lime-Free (Acid)












Bulb Height from Text Border

Brown= 0-12 inches (0-30 cms)

Blue = 12-24 inches (30-60 cms)

Green= 24-36 inches (60-90 cms)

Red = 36+ inches (90+ cms)

Bulb Soil Moisture from Text Background

Wet Soil

Moist Soil

Dry Soil

Flowering months range abreviates month to its first 3 letters (Apr-Jun is April, May and June).

Click on thumbnail to change this comparison page to the Plant Description Page of the Bulb named in the Text box below that photo.
The Comments Row of that Plant Description Page links to where you personally can purchase that bulb via mail-order.

Topic - Over 1060 links in this table to a topic in a topic folder or page within that folder of this website
Case Studies
...Drive Foundations
Ryegrass and turf kills plants within Roadstone and in Topsoil due to it starving and dehydrating them.
CEDAdrive creates stable drive surface and drains rain into your ground, rather than onto the public road.
8 problems caused by building house on clay or with house-wall attached to clay.
Pre-building work on polluted soil.

Companion Planting
A ,B ,C ,D ,E ,
F ,G ,H ,I ,J ,K ,
L ,M ,N ,O ,P ,Q ,
R ,S ,T ,U ,V ,W ,
X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants
to provide a Companion Plant to aid your selected plant or deter its pests


with ground drains
Garden Design
...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed

......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants
......Camera photos of Plant supports

Glossary with a tomato teaching cauliflowers
Library of over 1000 books
Offbeat Glossary with DuLally Bird in its flower clock.

...in Chalk
(Alkaline) Soil
......A-F1, A-F2,
......A-F3, G-L, M-R,
......M-R Roses, S-Z
...in Heavy
Clay Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
...in Lime-Free
(Acid) Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
...in Light
Sand Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
...Poisonous Plants.
...Extra Plant Pages
with its 6 Plant Selection Levels

Interaction between 2 Quartz Sand Grains to make soil
How roots of plants are in control in the soil
Without replacing Soil Nutrients, the soil will break up to only clay, sand or silt
Subsidence caused by water in Clay
Use water ring for trees/shrubs for first 2 years.

Tool Shed with 3 kneeling pads
Useful Data with benefits of Seaweed

Topic -
Plant Photo Galleries
with Plant Botanical Index

...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z

If the plant type below has flowers, then the first gallery will include the flower thumbnail in each month of 1 of 6 or 7 flower colour comparison pages of each plant in its subsidiary galleries, as a low-level Plant Selection Process
...by Flower Shape

Bulb Index
A1, 2, 3, B, C1, 2,
D, E, F, G, Glad,
H, I, J, K, L1, 2,
M, N, O, P, Q, R,
S, T, U, V, W, XYZ
...Allium/ Anemone
...Colchicum/ Crocus
...Gladiolus with its 40 Flower Colours
......European A-E
......European F-M
......European N-Z
......Eur Non-classified
......American A
......American B
......American C
......American D
......American E
......American F
......American G
......American H
......American I
......American J
......American K
......American L
......American M
......American N
......American O
......American P
......American Q
......American R
......American S
......American T
......American U
......American V
......American W
......American XYZ
......Ame Non-classified
......Australia - empty
...Hippeastrum/ Lily
...Late Summer
...Each of the above ...Bulb Galleries has its own set of Flower Colour Pages
...Flower Shape
...Bulb Form

...Bulb Use

...Bulb in Soil

Further details on bulbs from the Infill Galleries:-
Hardy Bulbs



...Forcing Lily of the Valley



...Hyacinths in Pots


...Lilium in Pots
...Narcissi in Pots



Half-Hardy Bulbs



Uses of Bulbs:-
...for Bedding
...in Windowboxes
...in Border
...naturalized in Grass
...in Bulb Frame
...in Woodland Garden
...in Rock Garden
...in Bowls
...in Alpine House
...Bulbs in Greenhouse or Stove:-




...Plant Bedding in

...Bulb houseplants flowering inside House during:-
...Bulbs and other types of plant flowering during:-
...Selection of the smaller and choicer plants for the Smallest of Gardens with plant flowering during the same 6 periods as in the previous selection

Climber in
3 Sector Vertical Plant System
Deciduous Shrub
...Shrubs - Decid
Deciduous Tree
...Trees - Decid
Evergreen Perennial
...P-Evergreen A-L
...P-Evergreen M-Z
...Flower Shape
Evergreen Shrub
...Shrubs - Evergreen
...Heather Shrub
...Heather Index
......Erica: Carnea
......Erica: Cinerea
......Erica: Others
Evergreen Tree
...Trees - Evergreen

...Diascia Photo Album,
...UK Peony Index

...P -Herbaceous
...Flower Shape
...RHS Wisley
......Mixed Border
......Other Borders
Odds and Sods

...RHS Wisley A-F
...RHS Wisley G-R
...RHS Wisley S-Z
...Rose Use - page links in row 6. Rose, RHS Wisley and Other Roses rose indices on each Rose Use page
...Other Roses A-F
...Other Roses G-R
...Other Roses S-Z
Pruning Methods
Photo Index
R 1, 2, 3
Peter Beales Roses
RV Roger

Soft Fruit
Top Fruit

Wild Flower and
Butterfly page links are in next row

Topic -
Butterflies in the UK mostly use native UK wildflowers.

Butterfly Species.

Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly Usage
of Plants.

Plant Usage by
Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly.

Wild Flower

Flower Shape
of all types of wildflower/ cultivated plant with its Landscape Uses
in USA, its
7 Flower Colours per month and
Uses of each Plant sold in UK

with its
flower colour page,
Site Map page in its flower colour NOTE Gallery
...Blue Note
...Brown Botanical Names
...Cream Common Names
...Green Note
...Mauve Note
...Multi-Cols Note
...Orange Note
...Pink A-G Note
...Pink H-Z Note
...Purple Note
...Red Note
...White A-D Note
...White E-P Note
...White Q-Z Note
...Yellow A-G Note
...Yellow H-Z Note
...Shrub/Tree Note

Wildflower Plants.

You know its name, use
Wild Flower Plant Index a-h, i-p, q-z.
You know which habitat it lives in, use
Acid Soil,
(Chalk) Soil
Marine Soil,
Neutral Soil,
is a
is a
is a
Rush, or
is a
You have seen its flower, use Comparison Pages containing Wild Flower Plants and Cultivated Plants in the
Colour Wheel Gallery.

Each plant named in each of the 180 Wildflower Family Pages within their 23 Galleries may have a link to:-
1) its Plant Description Page in its Common Name column in one of those Wildflower Plant Galleries and will have links,
2) to external sites to purchase the plant or seed in its Botanical Name column,
3) to see photos in its Flowering Months column and
4) to read habitat details in its Habitat Column.

(o)Adder's Tongue
(o)Bog Myrtle
(o)Cornel (Dogwood)
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 1
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2
(o)Daisy Cudweeds
(o)Daisy Chamomiles
(o)Daisy Thistle
(o)Daisy Catsears (o)Daisy Hawkweeds
(o)Daisy Hawksbeards
(o)Dock Bistorts
(o)Dock Sorrels
(o)Filmy Fern
(o)Royal Fern
(o)Figwort - Mulleins
(o)Figwort - Speedwells
(o)Grass 1
(o)Grass 2
(o)Grass 3
(o)Grass Soft
Bromes 1

(o)Grass Soft
Bromes 2

(o)Grass Soft
Bromes 3

(o)Jacobs Ladder
(o)Lily Garlic
(o)Marsh Pennywort
(o)Melon (Gourd/Cucumber)
(o)Orchid 1
(o)Orchid 2
(o)Orchid 3
(o)Orchid 4
Clover 1

Clover 2

Clover 3

(o)Peaflower Vetches/Peas
(o)Pink 1
(o)Pink 2
Rannock Rush
(o)Rose 1
(o)Rose 2
(o)Rose 3
(o)Rose 4
(o)Rush Woodrushes
(o)Saint Johns Wort
Saltmarsh Grasses
(o)Sea Lavender
(o)Sedge Rush-like
(o)Sedges Carex 1
(o)Sedges Carex 2
(o)Sedges Carex 3
(o)Sedges Carex 4
Tassel Pondweed
(o)Thyme 1
(o)Thyme 2
(o)Umbellifer 1
(o)Umbellifer 2
(o)Water Fern
(o)Water Milfoil
(o)Water Plantain
(o)Water Starwort

Topic -
The following is a complete hierarchical Plant Selection Process

dependent on the Garden Style chosen
Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form

Topic -
Flower/Foliage Colour Wheel Galleries with number of colours as a high-level Plant Selection Process

All Flowers 53 with
...Use of Plant and
Flower Shape
- page links in bottom row

All Foliage 53
instead of redundant
...(All Foliage 212)

All Flowers
per Month 12

Bee instead of wind pollinated plants for hay-fever sufferers
All Bee-Pollinated Flowers
per Month

Rock Garden and Alpine Flowers
Rock Plant Flowers 53
A, B, C, D, E, F,
G, H, I, J, K, L,
M, NO, PQ, R, S,
...Rock Plant Photos

Flower Colour Wheel without photos, but with links to photos
12 Bloom Colours
per Month Index

...All Plants Index

Topic -
Use of Plant in your Plant Selection Process

Plant Colour Wheel Uses
1. Perfect general use soil is composed of 8.3% lime, 16.6% humus, 25% clay and 50% sand, and
2. Why you are continually losing the SOIL STRUCTURE so your soil - will revert to clay, chalk, sand or silt.
Uses of Plant and Flower Shape:-
...Foliage Only
...Other than Green Foliage
...Trees in Lawn
...Trees in Small Gardens
...Wildflower Garden
...Attract Bird
...Attract Butterfly
, 2
...Climber on House Wall
...Climber not on House Wall
...Climber in Tree
...Pollution Barrier
...Part Shade
...Full Shade
...Single Flower provides Pollen for Bees
, 2, 3
...Covering Banks
...Patio Pot
...Edging Borders
...Back of Border
...Adjacent to Water
...Bog Garden
...Tolerant of Poor Soil
...Not Fragrant
...Standard Plant is 'Ball on Stick'
...Upright Branches or Sword-shaped leaves
...Plant to Prevent Entry to Human or Animal
...Coastal Conditions
...Tolerant on North-facing Wall
...Cut Flower
...Potted Veg Outdoors
...Potted Veg Indoors
...Raised Bed Outdoors Veg
...Grow in Alkaline Soil A-F, G-L, M-R,
...Grow in Acidic Soil
...Grow in Any Soil
...Grow in Rock Garden
...Grow Bulbs Indoors

Uses of Bedding
...Bedding Out
...Filling In
...Pots and Troughs
...Window Boxes
...Hanging Baskets
...Spring Bedding
...Summer Bedding
...Winter Bedding
...Foliage instead of Flower
...Coleus Bedding Photos for use in Public Domain 1

Uses of Bulb
...Other than Only Green Foliage
...Bedding or Mass Planting
...Tolerant of Shade
...In Woodland Areas
...Tolerant of Poor Soil
...Covering Banks
...In Water
...Beside Stream or Water Garden
...Coastal Conditions
...Edging Borders
...Back of Border or Back-ground Plant
...Fragrant Flowers
...Not Fragrant Flowers

...Grow in a Patio Pot
...Grow in an Alpine Trough
...Grow in an Alpine House
...Grow in Rock Garden
...Speciman Plant
...Into Native Plant Garden
...Naturalize in Grass
...Grow in Hanging Basket
...Grow in Window-box
...Grow in Green-house
...Grow in Scree
...Naturalized Plant Area
...Grow in Cottage Garden
...Attracts Butterflies
...Attracts Bees
...Resistant to Wildlife
...Bulb in Soil:-
......Lime-Free (Acid)

Uses of Rose
Rose Index

...Bedding 1, 2
...Climber /Pillar
...Cut-Flower 1, 2
...Exhibition, Speciman
...Grow In A Container 1, 2
...Hedge 1, 2
...Climber in Tree
...Edging Borders
...Tolerant of Poor Soil 1, 2
...Tolerant of Shade
...Back of Border
...Adjacent to Water

Topic -
Camera Photo Galleries showing all 4000 x 3000 pixels of each photo on your screen that you can then click and drag it to your desktop as part of a Plant Selection Process:-

RHS Garden at Wisley

Plant Supports -
When supporting plants in a bed, it is found that not only do those plants grow upwards, but also they expand their roots and footpad sideways each year. Pages
, 2, 3, 8, 11,
12, 13,
Plants 4, 7, 10,
Bedding Plants 5,
Plant Supports for Unknown Plants 5
Clematis Climbers 6,
the RHS does not appear to either follow it's own pruning advice or advice from The Pruning of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers by George E. Brown.
ISBN 0-571-11084-3 with the plants in Pages 1-7 of this folder. You can see from looking at both these resources as to whether the pruning carried out on the remainder of the plants in Pages 7-15 was correct.

Narcissus (Daffodil) 9,
Phlox Plant Supports 14, 15

Coleus Bedding Foliage Trial - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13, 14, 15,
16, 17, 18, 19, 20,
21, 22, 23, 24, 25,
26, 27, 28, 29, 30,
31, 32, Index

National Trust Garden at Sissinghurst Castle
Plant Supports -
Pages for Gallery 1

with Plant Supports
1, 5, 10
2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9,
11, 12
Recommended Rose Pruning Methods 13
Pages for Gallery 2
with Plant Supports
Plants 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

Dry Garden of
RHS Garden at
Hyde Hall

Plants - Pages
without Plant Supports
Plants 1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

Nursery of
Peter Beales Roses
Display Garden

Roses Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13

Nursery of
RV Roger

Roses - Pages
V76,Z77, 78,

Damage by Plants in Chilham Village - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4

Pavements of Funchal, Madeira
Damage to Trees - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13
for trees 1-54,
14, 15,
16, 17, 18, 19, 20,
21, 22, 23, 24, 25,
for trees 55-95,
26, 27, 28, 29, 30,
31, 32, 33, 34, 35,
36, 37,
for trees 95-133,
38, 39, 40,
41, 42, 43, 44, 45,
for trees 133-166

Chris Garnons-Williams
Work Done - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13

Identity of Plants
Label Problems - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,

Ron and Christine Foord - 1036 photos only inserted so far - Garden Flowers - Start Page of each Gallery
AB1 ,AN14,BA27,

Plant with Photo Index of Ivydene Gardens - 1187
A 1, 2, Photos - 43
B 1, Photos - 13
C 1, Photos - 35
D 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7,
Photos - 411
with Plants causing damage to buildings in Chilham Village and Damage to Trees in Pavements of Funchal
E 1, Photos - 21
F 1, Photos - 1
G 1, Photos - 5
H 1, Photos - 21
I 1, Photos - 8
J 1, Photos - 1
K 1, Photos - 1
L 1, Photos - 85
with Label Problems
M 1, Photos - 9
N 1, Photos - 12
O 1, Photos - 5
P 1, Photos - 54
Q 1, Photos -
R 1, 2, 3,
Photos - 229
S 1, Photos - 111
T 1, Photos - 13
U 1, Photos - 5
V 1, Photos - 4
W 1, Photos - 100
with Work Done by Chris Garnons-Williams
X 1 Photos -
Y 1, Photos -
Z 1 Photos -
Articles/Items in Ivydene Gardens - 88
Flower Colour, Num of Petals, Shape and
Plant Use of:-
Rock Garden
within linked page


Topic -
Fragrant Plants as a Plant Selection Process for your sense of smell:-

Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an Acid Soil
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers
, 2, 3
Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves
, 2
Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers
, 2, 3, 4, 5
Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit
, 2, 3
Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers
, 2
Night-scented Flowering Plants
, 2

Topic -
Website User Guidelines

My Gas Service Engineer found Flow and Return pipes incorrectly positioned on gas boilers and customers had refused to have positioning corrected in 2020.

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